Newspaper Page Text
for each of said companies, who shall be elect
ed annually and bold their office for one year
and until their successor shall be chosenand
qualified ; each director shall be a stockholder
at the time of his election, and shall cease to
be a director when he shall cease to be a stock
holder; the directors shall have "power to fill
all vacancies in their board, which shall hap
pen by death or otherwise ; and in the event
of a failure to fill any such vacancy for one
month, the stockholders shall fill the same; a
majority of the directors of said several com
panies shall be a quorum competent to trans
act all business for their respective companies.
k See. 17. That the directors of said several
companies, before entering upon the duties of
1'ie office, shall lake an oath or affirmation,
faithfully and impartially to discharge their du
ties ; they shall choose a president from among
lAcir numncr, ana snail appoint sucb otUoers,
agents and superintendents, as they shall think
proper; they shall determine upon the amount
ot any bonds tbey may require from any ora
tor, and pass upon their sufficiency ; prescribe
-the amount of any installments to be paid up
on subscriptions, and the mode and manner of
eulorcing payment ot any sucb subscriptions,
and take the general charge and supervision
of said company. .
Sea 18. That it shall be lawful for said
directors to enter upon, aud take possession of
ny lands, trees, timbers, roads, streets, alleys,
atone and earth, necessary for the laying out
nd cons traction of said several plane or turn
pike roads aforesaid, and .necessary appurten--aaees
and appendages thereunto, doing no un
necessary damage ; and if it shall be necessary
to enter upon any lands other than public
highways for the right of way and materials
for the construction and repair of said several
roads, said several companies shall in all res
'pecta be governed by the provisions of an act
entitled "an act to provide for the regulation
-of turnpike companies," passed January 7,
1917, and the several acts amendatory there
to; and provided further.that said several.com
paniea shall not take more than sixty feet in
width for said several roads.
Sec. 19. That whenever any one of. said
'companies shall have constructed their said
road by turnpiking and draining, and shall
Have covered the same not less than eight feet
' wide, with plank at least two inches thick, or
shall have covered the same with gravel or
broken stone, or other proper materials instead
f plank.so as to make a good substantial road,
the lame shall forever thereafter be and re
main public highway, for the passage of an
imals,teams and travelers of every description,
on the payment of such tolls as the directors
may from time to time, establish ; and said
!road, with all its appurtenances, together with
all profits and tolls arising therefrom, are nere-
Dy in vesica lp saia corporation. ....... '
Sec 20 That whenever any five continu
ous miles of any one of said several roads
shall be completed according to the true in
' tent and meaning of this act, the directors of
any such company shall have power to erect
gates tberon, and ordain and estabiiao a rate
of tolls, which shall be levied oh all animals,
teams, vehicles and property of every descrip
tion passing on said road, and shall be paid by
the owner or owners thereof, or person or per
sona in- possession thereot before tne same
shall pass any gate where toll is to be paid
and for the collection of said tolls, the said di-
rectors shall appoint collectors and erect gates,
and may ask, demand and receive tne tons un
der this act; provided, however, they shall in
' o case exceed the rates now authorized to be
charged on the Western Reserve and Maumee
' Sea 21. ' that said said several companies
shall be entitled to the benefits of all laws for
the benefit of turnpike roads; and thacollec-
tion of tolls which have been or may be eu-
mtaA K ,vonjrnl Bccomhlff if f hie BtaEA
' Sea. 22. : That said several companies may
' at any time contract debts and borrow money,
not exceeding in amount, twice the amount of
the capital stock of any such company; and to
receive tne same, may give sucb bonds, notes,
Kortffases, pledges and other aecurities as the
directors may deem proper, payable at such
time, in sucb. manner ana .w no sue o rate oi m
teres as may bo agreed on.
Sea 23. That each of said companies may
: receive subscriptions to the capital stock of
auch company, by the board of commissioners
ol any county through which any such road,
may in whole or hi part pass, not exceeding in
amount the sum of twenty-five thousand dol
' lars by the board of commissioners of any one
county ; and the county commissioners of any
such county are hereby authorized to subscribe
to the capita stock of any such road the sum
aforesaid;, and to pay the same, they shall
have power to sell at public sale any stocks
owned by such county in any corporation or
company, and shall alo have power to borrow
money at any rate of interest not exceeding
seven per cent, payable semi-annually in ad
vance ; and to secure the payment of the same
at such time as may be agreed on, they shall
hav power to make, execute and deliver such
. OSWMUB, UWWW, C r O
tie as may be necessary or proper to secure
the payment of the money- so borrowed j and
, they may also covenant for the levy ; and col
. lection and appropriation of such taxes as may
, be necessary or proper to pay the principal
and interest on any money so borrowed ; and
the said board of commissioners of any such
county are hereby invested with power to levy
and collect such taxes, in tho same manner
that county taxes -are or may be by law levied
.and collected : provided, that before any sub
scription shall be made as . aforesaid, by the
board of commissioners of any such county, a
vote of the qualified voters of such county shall
be had in favor of such subscription, in the
manner pointed out in "an act regulating the
"mode of proceeding, where county commission
' en may be authorized by law to subscribe to
the capital stock of railroads, turnpike roads or
other incorporated companies in this state,"
passed February 28, 1846: provided, also,
that the board of commissioners of any such
county may, if they dem proper, levy the tax
so as aforesaid authorized to be levied, on the
real estate only of any sucb county, at a rate
per acre to be fixed by said board ; or said
board may, if they deem proper, apportion to
each township the proportion of tax to be paid
by such township, and levy the same upon
the real estate only of any one or more town
ships, as they may deem proper, at a rate per
acre to be fixed by said board ; and in the re
maining townships, said board may levy said
tax upon the property subject to taxation fur
county purposes, and all of said tax shall be
collected at the same ' time and in the same
manner as aforesaid.
Sec. 24. That whenever it shall be matte to
appear by vote as aforvsaid, to the board of
commissioners of any county, through, into or
near which any one of said roads may pas?,
thai a majority of the lax-payers of any one or
more townships in said county are in favor of
8 subscription to the cnpital stock of any one
of said companies by or on behalf of such town
ship or townships, said board is hereby author
iced and empowered to subscribe to the cap
ital stock of any one or more of said companies,
any amount not exceeding fifteen thousand
dollars, or such other sum as the trustees of
any sucn Hjwusuip n'.r wuti w j, .
half of any such township, for the payment of
which snid board shall make, execute and de
liver such bonds, notes, mortgages, pledges
and securities on behalf of and binding on
said township or townships as they may deem
proper, payable at such time; in such manner,
and with such rate of interest not exceeding
eight per centum, payable semi-annually in
advance, as said board may deem proper; and
said board is hereby authorized to levy and
collect on such township or townships on be
half of which such subscriptions is made, such
amount of tax as may bo necessray to pay the
principal and interest on all such subscrip
tions, bonds, cotes, mortgages, pledges and se
curities so authorized to be given ; and said
board shall have power to levy said taxes ei
ther on the real estate only of such townships,
at a rate per acre, to be fixed by said board, or
on the entire taxable property luereot; or said
board may adopt One of said modes of levying
said tax on any one or more townships, and
the other mode as to one or more other town
ships; all taxes levied by virtue of this act
shall be collected as-county taxes are, or may
by law collected. Snid board in making a sub
scription on behalf of any township, and in giv
ing bonds, notes, mortgages, pledges and secu
rities as aforesaid, may covenant for the levy
and collection of the taxes herein authorized ;
provided, that so mnch of this act as author
izes subscriptions by counties or townships to
any plana road company, snail not apply , to
or be in force in county except Union and
Sec. 25. That whenever it is made to ap
pear to the satisfaction of the county commis
sioners of any county that a majority of the
tax-payers of any township in said county are
in favor of levying a tax on the taxable prop
erty of such township for the benefit of any
one of said companies, on the taxable proper
ty of such township, at such time or times as
said commissioners may deem proper.any sum
not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars, on any
one township, and the same shall be levied at
any regular or special session of said commis
sioners, called for that purpose, and said tax
so levied shall be collected as county taxes are,
or may be by law levied or collected, and as
fast as collected shall be paid over by the
treasurer of such county to the treasurer of
the company for which the tax may be levied,
to be expended and applied under the direc
tion of the proper officers' of said company in
the construction of the road authorized to be
constructed by said companv.and said commis
sioners are hereby authorized to do all acts
necessary or proper to enforce or to carry into
effect the provisions of this act; provided, that
the tax herein authorized to be levied shall all
be levied within three years from the time
the first levy is made; and, provided, no tax
shall be levied by virtue of this section for any
company to which a subscription shall be made
on behalf of any township, as authorized in a
preceding section of this act, nor shall any sub
scription be made on behalf of any' township
by virtue of the preceding section aforesaid, in
which a tax may be levied by virtue of this
Sea 26. That when any person or persons
may pay the tax levied by virtue of the pre
ceding section, or when the same shall be col
lected, such person or persons shall be entitled
to receive from the treasurer of the proper
county, a separate receipt stating the amount
of tax paid, and for what purpose, which re
ceipt shall be transferable by blank en dors
men t or assignment, and whenever such re
ceipt shall be presented by any person or per
sons to the treasurer of the company for the
benefit of which such tax may be levied, such
person or persons shall be entitled to receive
a certificate of stock in said company for every
amount of twenty-five dollars of receipts so
presented, and it shall be the duty of the treas
urer of said company to issue certificates ac
cordingly, and sueh certificates shall entitle
the owner to all rights of other stockholders ;
provided, that this and the preceding section
of this act shall only be in force in Union and
Sea 27. That whenever a subscription shall
be made to toe capital stoctt of any one of said
companies by the board of commissioners of
any county, either on behalf of a county, or
any one or more townships therein, or wbenev
er any bond, note, mortgage, pledge or secu
rity, shall be given for money borrowed to pay
such subscription, or for interest due or to be
come due thereon, the making of such sub
scription and the execution of such bond, note
mortgage, pledge or security, shall be conclus
ive evidence tbat the same was authorized,
and that all preliminary steps to authorize the
same nave been complied with.
bee 28. 1 hat the several companies afore
said shall have the same rights and privilege
as to taxation, that are conferred upon the Al
Ian and Richland Plank Road company, until
the General Assembly shall by law otherwise
provide for the taxation of the capital stock
and property of said companies as other prop
erty; provided, nothing herein contained shall
be so construed as to prohibit the General As
sembly from taxing the capital stock and prop
erty of said companies in the same manner as
other property is taxed ; and be it further pro
vided that the several companies incorporated
by tuts act shall be subject to the provisions
of any general law which may hereafter bo
passed regulating the basis and mode of as
sessing damages for materials taken, or for the
right of way.
Bee. 29. Each of said companies shall have
power to make their respective roads of the
materials herein authorized, or any portion of
such road of any other kind of material author
ized as aforesaid.
Sea SO. In case this act be not accepted by
the respective corporations hereby created.and
the business operations of the respective cor
porations commenced under the same respect
ively in good faith, within the period of three
years from the passage of this act, then this
act shall, as to all and every sucb corporation
so failing to accept and commence operations
in the manner and within the period aforesaid,
be wholly null and void, and at any time after
twenty years from the time any road incorpo
rated by this act may be completed, the legis
lature may regulate the tolls to be charged
on such road, or the counties through which!
any such road may pass, shall hare the right
to purchase such road under such regulations
as may be provided for by law.
- BEMJAMIN F. LE1TEK,
Speaker House Reps.
CHARLES C. CONVERS.
Speaker of the Senate.
February 1C, 1850.
Auditor's Office Sandusky co., q. )
Fremont, September 21, 18S0. J
I hereby certify that the foregoinsr is cor
rectly copied from the copies in my possess-
sion. HUJlliri ii.VJi.Ke.TX,
Auditor Sandusky -co.
Those who are groaning so lustily
over what they term the sale of 25,000 square
miles to 1 exas and slavery, assuming an atti
tude of prayer so unusual to them, and call
ing on angels to come down and blot out the
record with their tears, while they censure
members of congress for having done their du
ty i-would appear better doing penance and
humbling themselves in sackcloth and ashes,
for the sin they have committed in opposing
Mr. Clay's adjustment, that would have saved
the square miles the loss of which they
grieve. - 1 .--.'-. State Register.
J. S. FOCKE, Editor.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1850.
OP HAMILTON COUNTY.
FOR. BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS,
ALEXANDER O. COSOVEB,
OF AU0LAIZK COUKTV. '
Of Ottawa Co.
Of Sandusky Co.
JACOB F. HULTS.
FOR PR08E0UTINO ATTORNEY,
JOHN L. GREENE.
WILLIAM OVERMYER, of Washington tp.
FOR POOR BOUSE DIRECTORS,
For 3 Years
WILLIAM ANDERSON, of Woodville.
For 1 Year.
NATHAN P. BINDSEYE, of Green Creek
. Locofoco Platform for 1850.
The following resolutions were adopted at the
Democratic Convention, which assembled in Co-
lombui on tho 4lh of July, 1S50. Let the People
of Ohio read and remember them:
Resolved, That with reference to the enrrenev
question, th Democracy of Ohio plants itself upon
the Constitution of the United States. The cur
rency fixed by that instrument we desire to restore
and establish, and we will nee all lesal and honor
able means to accomplish this object; and being
sincerely opposed to the existence- of Banks tor the
circulation of paper money, we ere utterly opposed
to any feature being incorporated into the new Con
stitution, by which the Legislature of Ohio would
have the power to create any bank for the circula
tion of paper money.
Jientred, That we consider it the dnty of all oar
public officers, after taking the oath to support the
Constitution of the United States, to make all pay
ments, in their official capacity, in constitutional
enrrenev, instead of paper money: and that we es
pecially demand from the Board of Public Works,
that they convert all paper money which may come
nnder their control iato specie, and in tbat shape dis
Retoleed That banks of circulation are hostile
alike to the eqnal rights of the people, and the prin
ciples of sound political economy; that hard money
is the only currency recognixed by the comtitutton,
the only curreocy that defraud no man, the only
currency that is expedient and just; and we hold it
to be inconsisteut with the principles of the party
for Democrats to participate in creatioj or uphold
ing banking institutions.
Hard Money Report of Uie Currency Committee in the
Isontututumal Contention, July bin.
41 Sec I. The General Assembly shall have oo
power to create any bank or banking institution
whatever, or to authorize the making, emission or
putting in circulation of any bill of credit, bond.
check, ticket, certificate, promissory note or other
paper medium, intended to circulate as money or
" Sr.c. 2. The General Assembly shall prohibit
by law any person or persons, association, compa
ny or corporation now in existence from .exercising
the privilege of banking, or cheating, or emitting or
putting in circulation any bank notes, or paper of
any description whatever, to circulate as money or
Sic J. 1 he business of banking and dealing in
money shall be free to all, subject to such restric
tions as may be provided by law; but no special
privileges or exemptions shall ever be granted to
those engaged in auch business; nor shall any per-'
son or persons, either natural or artificial, ever be
allowed to deal in or issue paper money, so called.,
. JOHN LARWILL,, Chairman."
" Thev hut introduce a clause in the new Con
stitution FORcvjsh prohibiting the establishment of
any banks of issue in Ohio. Will they do it?
' We say to the Journal, wo be to tbei ir thet
DO NOT do it! The people of Ohio have de
manded, in a voice that a fool cannot misunder
stand, that the uew Constitution shall forever pro
hibit Banke and wo be to him who shall trifle with
this demand." Ashland Union.
Here it is, fellow-citizens! Read it! Ponder it!
Make up your minds, Democrats, how many of you
are willing to stand on that platform.
Some of your leaders who fear the reeolts of such
maniacal and absurd measures, will tell you that
(his is Dot their platform, that it is only a Whig lie,
got up for electioneering purposes, hoping by it to
deceive men from the rauks of Democracy. It is
still as it ever has been, the policy of the Locofoco
party, to keep the mass, the honest and the unsus
pecting of their adherents in the dark, concealing
from them the consequences which will inevitably
result from such a mad course.
Their true position is beginning to be understood
The drapery which they put on can no longer con
ceal the carcass that is enrobed! It is plainly visi
ble and stands conspicuous in its naked deformity.
Their appeals to the "dear people," will no longer
avail in placing them where they can rob and plun
der the connty, state, or national treasury. They
are aware of this fact. They are becoming sensi
ble of their own misery. They see the People will
no longer submit to such misrule, and thus they
have made a bold aud desperate effort, -determined
that if thev cannot rule, they will destroy; they will
subvert our free institutions, aud bring upon our
common country anarchy and coufusion.
Read again, their platform! and if you can stand
upon and support it you will have no just reason to
complain of their misrule.
For the past two or three weeks our streets
have been literally thronged with teams from
the surrounding country, heavily laden with
wheat, for which they find a ready cash mar
ket and remunetating prices. The price av
eraging upwards of 74 cents. The crop far
exceeds any previous year, both in quality and
quantity. There is considerable competition
among the buyers and thus the farmers are
receiving better prices than they otherwise
would. Fremont is a first rate point to pur
chase produce of all kinds, and it will not be
long before Eastern operators find out the
fact (and to us it seems very strange that they
had not learned it long ago,) and our farmers
will then receive still better prices.
Our locol position, at the head of navigation
of the Sandusky river, our great McAdamized
road, crossing the river through the centre of
our town, our plank roads running into the
richest wheat-growing part of the state, are so
many undeniable inducements for men of cap
ital to come and invest it here.
2?" Sartain's Magazine for October is be
fore us. It is always welcome to our table,
and we would like to see the person who says
it is not No. 1. Published by John Sartain
& Co. Philadelphia at $3 per year.
3T American Phrenological Journal for
September, has been received ; also, the Wa
ter-Cure Journal for the same month. These
are valuable and interesting works. Publish
ed by Fowlers fe Wells, 131 Nassau street,
N. Y. at $1 each, per year.
Whigs! Sixteen Days Only,
Now.remains,-tillyqu will have to answer
the summons citing you to appear at the ballot-box,
then and there, to declare, whether
you are willing to live for the next two years
ensuing, under a Whig, or under a Locofoco
administration. ' If you wish to have a Whig
Governor, vote for WILLIAM JOHNSTON,
if you wish a Whig Senator and Representa
tive in your State Legislature, vote for JOHN
KELLEY, for Senator and SAM'L TREAT,
for Representative, if you wish to have a Whig
Treasurer for Sandusky county, vote for JA
COB F. HULTS, if you wish a Whig Prose
cuting Attorney.vote for JOHN L. GREENE,
if you wish a W hig county Commissioner,
vote for WILLIAM OVERMYER, if you
wish to have Whig Poor House Directors, vote
for WILLI AM ANDERSON and NATHAN
P. BIRDSEYE. These are the men which
compose the Whig ticket They are men that
you can rely on and put cofidence in. Then
why will you not place them in the offices to
which they arc respectively nominated ? If
you make not an effort you cannot expect to
see them elected, for the Democracy most as
suredly will not do it for you. But if you de
sire to have the present admirable Banking
syste m of Ohio destroyed, vote the Democratic
ticket, if you wish to have the Representatives
in the legislature of the do-worae-than-nothing
kind, vote ' for the Democratic candidates, if
you want to see Sandusky county remain in
the hands of these destructives, stay from the
polls and it will all be accomplished.
Whigs! will yon not obey '
this summons and be at your posts, and work ?
the cause is a glorious one, and to be victori
ous would indeed be honorable. Let not any
consideration prevent you from discharging
this positive duty with a clean conscience, for
the good of your county, your state, your own
household and your common country.
If you fail in electing your ticket through
out the state, you need not look for or expect
any mercy at the hands of your opponents.
The fiat has gone forth; the lex talionts will be
carried into effect and it will not cease to be
pushed till every vestage of the wholesome
laws and enactments, which have been crea
ted by the nntirirg labors cf Whig Legis-
tors have been swept from the statute book. -
This is not fancy. It is positive truth. And
the Democrats dare not deny it For proof of
our statements read the Locofoco Platform, in
another column, and there you will find it all
in Democratic languade. However strongly
they may deny it they cannot make the people
believe that they do not stand on this platform.
Be untiring then in your efforts, and you
can succeed. Truth must in the end prevail.
The 8th of October next is the day of contest
and when the morning of that day arrives be
ready for its duties aud being ready discharge
them like freemen.
Fugitive Slave Bill.
We have taken the trouble to look over the
votes on the passage of the fugitive slave bill,
and we find that of the Northern Whigs only
three voted for it, and that TWENTY-SIX
Northern Locofocos voted for it.
Of those that opposed the measure from the
free States, eleven are Locofocos, nine are Free
soilers, and EIFTY-FIVE are Whigs.
From Ohio three members voted for the bill
Messrs. Hoagland and Miller, Locofocos, and
Mr. Taylor, Whig. Of the dodges from this
State, we see that Messrs. Olds, SWEETZER,
Potter and Disney represent that branch. '
We learn that Sweetzer left the day before
the vote was taken. We do not know how
he would have voted, but we know that Mr.
Toombs, with whom he claims to have paired
off, refused to do so till after the last Saturday,
and that be remained and voted for the bill.
What the people of this district who are op
posed to the bill, will think of Sweetzer's de
sertion of his post at that juncture remains to
be made manifest at the polls.
The Illustrated Domestic Bible.
Number fi"e of this beautiful and valuable
work is now on our table. It has the recom
mendations of some of the most talented and
distinguished divines both in Europe and A
merica. It is published on the 1st and loth
of the month and will be completed in 25 num
bers at 25 cents per number. We would say
to those who want a nice family Bible, you
cannot do better than to subscribe for this one.
Subscribers who do not wish this work in
Numbers, and would like to have it bound
when completed, can have it delivered to tbem,
in the various bindings, at the annexed prices:
In Sheep, Library style, $7 00
In Half Calf, neat 7 50
In English Calf.or Moroco,Marbled edges, 8 75
In Moroco, extra gilt edges, 10 50
We have made such arrangements that
those who wish to take it in numbers as fast
as it is published, can have the whole work for
$5,00 payable in advance
Specimen numbers can be ' seen at this
office. I. M. KEELER. Aereut
The appropriation bill which has passed the
house of representatives, embraces the follow
Legislative department, $753,944 50
Treasury do, 335,750 00
Contingencies of do 63,195 00
Department of interior, 167,472 75
Contingencies of do 49,745 00
War department, 85,690 00
Contingencies of do 43,969 00
Navy department 75,350 00
Contingencies of do 11,775 00
P. O. department 86,720 00
Executive department, 80,000 00
Department of state, 63,160 00
Library of congress, 44,300 00
Mints, 161,177 00
Oregon and Minesota ter's, 82,700 00
Judiciary, 697,937 00
Light houssa, 597,487 35
Hospitals, 99,308 42
Surveys of public lands, 249,759 48
Intercourse with for'n nations, 431,500 00
Miscellaneous, 2,449,858 00
- The Approaching Election. '
FEXLOW-CjTizBNs : Does the frequency of
the call to the ballot-box, become irksome to
the mind? Does the sound pull upon the ear,
and make us indifferent to elections, by which
our representative government is to be sus
tained in its purity ? We trust not We be
lieve every American is aware that a due at
tention to the elections of town, county, and
state officers should be rendered. Though
elections are frequent, they are indispensibly
necessary, to guard against usurpations of
power in every department of government
from President down lo town officers. ,
If attending elections require time and ex
pense, it should be recollected, they are but a
small tax on the capital we enjoy. Liberty
and freedom make this ressonable demand of
us. That sacred fire which our Fathers kin
dled on the altar of our Country, still imparts
its rays to every portion of the Union, but its
flickering often reminds us, that fuel must be
supplied by patriotic hands, or it would soon
become extinguished, and political darkness
o'erspreacl our land. The foot of despotism
would be planted where now stands the tem
ple of Liberty.
In our representative government, where
the whole people are ambitious to support their
liberties unimpaired ; and where high honors
and emoluments are to be obtained by arch
politicians, it is not miraculous that two great
parties should be organized, under aspiring
leaders. This has always been the case, even
in mixed governments. - The most prominent
in England, were in the reign of Charles II,
(Whig and Tory) though both favorable to
the election of members to Parliament they
differed widely with respect to the King's pre
rogative, as have lately our Whigs and Dem
ocrats, with regard to the veto power of our
Presidents; the Whigs wishing to restrict and
limit it, the Democrats intent on enlarging and
Although party spirit is too often the cause
of scurrility, detraction of character, and abuse,
we firmly believe that competition in politics,
has a beneficial tendency. It keeps up a train
of reasoning and reflection in the minds of the
people, that enables them to discover their
true interests, and determine which of the
party measures have effected the most good,
and would in the future procure the best suc
cess ; the measures then, independent of party
discipline, become their object; to them they
will adhere and give their sanction.
We shall soon have an opportunity of deter
mining by our votes, whether Whig or Dem
ocratic measures we most approve.- And is it
not a source of gratulation that a revolution of
sentiment has taken place in the minds of ma
ny of the common people ? That we have now
a Whig administration carrying out principles
conducive to the interests of the whole Union ?
That we have had Whig Governors since the
reign of Mr. Shannon, who had the address to
secure his election, by pleasing the fancy of a
majority of the people, by presenting the shin
ers before their eyes and abjuring paper cur
rency, and by denouncing entirely the banking
system, which, when be came to act in his of
ficial capacity be strongly advocated ! Like a
true penitent, he acknowledged his error, de
termining henceforth to be honest in his ex
pressions on that subject told' the people his
folly, and that he had become convinced that
the state -of Ohio could not dispense with
banks, tor tne lack or specie, that a paper
currency was necessary for the welfare of the
state, and the interests of all classes. That if
we do not have sucb currency of our own, it
would be thrown in upon us from neighboring
states, in which event we could not discrimin
ate between the good and the bad, and a ru
inous state of business would soon exist
Though Mr. Shannon was denounced for his
honest convictions, and frank confessions, by
the stiff-necked,' hot-headed leaders of the
hard-money party, who Wanted to ride, into
office on the hobby of -specie currency, the
the great body of the people were convinced
he was right ; hence Messrs. Tod and Weller
who professed to stand upon the metalic plat
form, were rejected. The people became sat
isfied that banks on a proper basis, so bill-hold
ers were secure, were of the utmost impor
tance to the farming interests of the state.
The furtive machinations of those candidates,
the cant and slang of their partizan dema
gogues, availed them nothing, the people had
become alive to their own interests, and the
consequence was, that, probably, the best
banking system was soon adopted, that any
state had hitherto enjoyed.
Another test is soon to be made of the wish
es of the people of Ohio, upon the 'subject of
banking, as also of 'individual liability,' in case
of incorporated companies, for roads, canals,
&c, &c whether each subscriber to stock.
shall be accountable for all debts of the com
pany, or only in proportion to the amount he
subscribed. We have now before us two em
inent and talented men, as candidates for the
Gubernatorial chair, but with opposite views
upon those two points, so it is plain they can
not both be right Judge Wood is opposed to
banks in every form, and in favor of 'individ
ual liability,' that is, if a man worth $5000,
sign $200 and the company fail all his prop
erty shall be taken to pay the debts of the
company, and he himself, ever after be held
responsible for the balance they may owe.
Judge Johnston holds that each stockholder
shall only be amenable in proportion to the
amount of his stock. That if it were other
wise, if a moderate stockholder were to be
made accountable for all the failures of the
company, but few would run the risk of losing
all to promote a public benefit Internal im
provements are important to ill, every one
will admit, so they are not made at the ex
pense of the state or by direct taxation. If
chartered companies make them and are re
munerated by those who use them, neither the
state or people are impoverished. But should
no companies form for the work who would do
it ? the state most surely. For no individual
is able to accomplish a work of such expense,
and our wants of facilities for travel and trans
portation require improvements. They must,
and will be made.
" Which of the candidates then ahall wo
choose? Both talented, but with diametri
cally opposite political principles. The Gov
ernor surely, is not to legislate, but from his
high station, he' must be expected to to have
an innuence. ie has a right to advise to
those measures, which to him appear most ben
eficial, and generally as the executive is of one
or the other party, gives a turn and charac
ter to the administration.
The slavery question has long been an ex
citing one. The Whigs have not only been
opposed to the extension of slavery, but have
strenuously contended that the proviso re
striding it was constitutional, whereas the
Cassites have obstinately insisted it was un
constitutional, and that the south had a right
to carry and hold their slaves in any of the
territories now free. This, too, is a bone of
contention between Wbigs and Democrats, too
broad, and too plain to be passed unnoticed,
the democrats voting for annexation of a slave
state, the Whigs against it Though they
could not repel her, and the consequent war,
they may congratulate themselves by extenu
ating some of the evils perpetrated by the an
nexation. Their professions now of the love
of freedom, "confidence in the Wilmot Proviso,
can avail that party but little, who voted to
admit Texas, and after supported Mr. Cass,
only as they manifest their contrition. , Their
past acts speak louder than their piesent as
severations. True, while Whig Presidents
advise to admitting no more slave states, they
cry out this is just what we wanted all the
time, the assertions of Mr. Cass to the contra
Then voters choose between Whig and Dem
ocratic candidates at the next election all
good men we admit, but some deceived most
Fun ahead Winchell's Coming.
We bave received notice that tbat drollest
of all droll individuals Winchell will give
an entertainment to the citizens of Fremont
on Monday or Tuesday evening of Test
week. We advise all fun-loving ones to be on
hand. It will be a fine, time for poor fellows
to get rid of the blues, and also a dangerous
place for waistband and suspender buttons.
We have heard him, and can speak from ex
perience. " , ' . " .
tSTTiy reference to our advertising col
umns it will be seen that the ninth install
ment to the capital stock of the Fremont plank
road company is called for, to be paid to John
K. fease, I rcasurer ot said company, on or
before the 1st day of November next ' Those
interested will govern themselves accordingly.
S3T The Corner Stone of the Methodist
Church was laid on Tuesday last Addresses
were by the several Clergymen present
The work on the edifice will be pushed for
ward with the greatest possible dispatch.
This will be the fourth church on Main street
and when it is completed will add much to the
beauty of that section of our town. . A volun
tary subscription for the benefit of the Church
was made, and over $200 thus realized. .
The North British Review, for August
has come to hand. The contents of this num
ber are, the Scottish University, Pendennis,
the Literary Profession, English Language,
Messrs. Stephenson Fairbairn's Tubular Bridg
es, Liberties of the Gallican Church, Words
worth, Method of the Divine Government In
Memoriam, Trial of Professor John W. Web
ster, and Christianity in India; containing
nearly 200 paces. Price $3 per rear. Pub
lished by Leonard Scott & Co., No. 79 Fulton
street, New York. -
W The Common Schools of this town,
will re-commence on the first Monday of Oc
Prom the Norwalk Reflector
Toledo, Norwalk and Cleveland Rail
Mr. Editor : -What of the railroad ? is now
the only question asked. Let us answer. It
is in the ascendant
Toledo, though united with us in her ap
proval of our measures, was not represented
either at Elyria or at this place on the 2d inst ;
she has now declared herself. On Friday eve
ning last a large and spirited meeting, attend
ed by citizens from Perrysburgh, Maumee,
Norwalk and other places, was held there, at
which she took ground in favor of this road.
Resolutions were passed, pledging themselves
to co-operate in prosecuting the work. We
understand it was determined to give notice
and take the vote of Lucas county, as author
ized by our charter, for a county subscription
to its stock.
They have also opened books for individual
subscriptions. Fremont and other places west
are doing the same, and subscriptions are now
being made at the east end of the route. Iu
this county the subscriptions already exceed
eighty thousand dollars. This is cheering in
deed, but let us not remit our exertions. He
who will not take hold himself must not expect
others to aid him.
May we not justly say that the example of
Huron county has inspired the confidence of
our friends at either end of the route ?
Nobly have the people in town and country
givon their aid in this great enterprise an
enterprise worthy of their aid.
On the 24th inst, the stockholders will meet
at the court house to choose directors and we
shall then be the only organized company con
necting Toledo with Cleveland, and through
those places forming the connecting link in the
great east and west thoroughfare.
Measures will be taken as soon as the organ
ization takes place, towards putting the road
under contract In the mean time we invite
the landholders on the line who feel willing to
do so, to give us their aid, by releasing the
right of way. This work has already , com
menced, and the. names of those who give their
releases will be published from time to time.
. A STOCKHOLDER.
- "The Important -week."
A fortnight ago this moroinsr we vlaced
these words at the head of an article, in which
we expressed our wishes and hopes for the ad
option by the bouse of representatives of the
important measures which had already passed -
tne senate, i nose uopes ana wisues have
now been fulfilled in a manner which has not -.
only given ourselves the highest gratification,
but bas spread a general joy mro out tne land.
In one particular we were at fault W
mistook the time. It was not the "last week '
in August" But the first week in Septem; :
ber, which was destined to witness the success
of the measures of pasificatioti. There seems
to be something not inappropriate in this. All
know that it was on the 7th day of March that
a speech was delivered in the senate, of which '
we now need say no more than tbat it treated,
of all those great topics, and treated them in a1
manner, with a power, a conciliation, a nation
ality, which guarantying, as it were, similar
conservative views in the great body of the
north and west, first inspired the friends of the
nninn witft . .vinfirt Anna in i . 1 .'
uuivii wu.uvb ii, an ultimate nappy
termination of a fierce and threatening contro
versy. Exactly six months from that day, that
is, on the 7th of September, the general senti
ments and principles of that speech received
the final sanction of both houses of congress.
It has been a half year of overwhelming in.
tp.rp.st. Tn the frip.niia of nmnn and tlm in
stitution in congress, it has been a series of in
cessant labors and of excitement and anxious
hours; and to all lovers of the union out of
congress period of deep concern and depre-;
sion, sometimes approaching to hopelessness.
The measures that are about to become"
t - v a l .1 x: r .,!
public anairs; to give strength and stability to
our institutions ; to diffuse confidence through
out all the channels of commerce,and to cheer
ana giauuen an meaooces oi mausiry; to en
courage all lawful and honorable enterprises,
and to discourage all such as might be perni
cious either to the national reputation or the
national neao.fi. " -
Even already the teleffraDh. from north. .
rf t a i . '
south and west, gives us in its reports of the
general joy, the assurance that in this enumer
ation of its nrobable influences we do not over
rate the immediate advantages, as we trus
we do not the more remote ones, of this ac
tion on the part of congress. . : .
One of the gratifying circumstance attend
ing the whole case remains to be named and
that is the extraordinary good temper and kind
ness with "which the great body of the mem- '
bers of congress, and every one else, saluted
each other when the controversy was over. '
All rejoiced that it teas over, and as we have
stated, a large majority rejoiced at the particu
lar result . It was indeed refreshing to see'
and to feel that a breeze, we bad almost said a
gale, of old fashioned American feeling per
vaded the house, filled as it was, besideslts
members, with anxious crowds of senators and
others.' Nat Intel
From the N. T. Coor. & fqoirr.
Congress has completed its work of com
promise and conciliation. We chronicled on
Saturday the passage by the house of reprei .
sentalives, of the bill fixing the boundary of
Texas, and establishing a territorial govern
ment for New Mexico, and our report on the
next page shows that on Saturday the house
passed the bill admitting California, by a deci
sive vote of 150 to 57, Bnd the one establish.-
ing a territorial government for Utah, 97 to 85.
The whole country will receive intelligence
of this action of congress with satisfaction. It :
promises to settle the difficulties from which.
the most serious disasters have been appre-
aenaea. 1 Deposition winch lexasoad assu
med, and the extent to which she was likely to
be supported by the southern states, were
such as to inspire alarm even iu minds not ea-I
ailv riistlirhpit nr prmtpfl . "
That the great body of the people, either of
Texas, or of the south, had any fixed purpose
to secede from the union, we do not believe. -The
movement was started by politics dema
gogues and was simply an aTtgrript to bully
the geueral government and especially the
northern states, into the, adoption of such
measures as they desired: By dint of contin
ued agitation, thev infused something of their
own spirit into the people among whom they,
were at work. - . '
It seems probable that if nothing-had been
done by congress, Texas would have made aa
effort to take forcible possession of the territo
ry which she claims,and there are two or three
southern states, which, in such a contestwould '
probably have gone to her aid. Sucb a collis
ion' would have made difficulty would have
inspired alarm and distrust and although the
result could sot bave been doubtful, the strug-
and so reasoned many members of eongress
who did not approve the provisions of some of -
the hillsL Thpv rntpH not
bills themselves, as for the peace. They voted '
under the pressure of assurances constantly :
held out by the National Intelligencer and oth
er high authorities, that to vote against these -
kilt., . . -.',..'7 . -. Tl .
was somewhat strong in the the mouths of men
not accustomed to use strong language it was
calculated to carry weight - 4
The passage of these bills leaves southern
fanaticism no peg whereon to hang further -menace
or agitation. The Wilmot proviso baa
been abandoned, as far as the territories are '
concerned. The people of California have
been permitted to frame such a contsitution as
they saw fit " And Texas receives ten million
of dollars for relinquishing a territory to which "
nrit rtrt s tn (an KaliAtrae alia Vioc avAn 4Vi r cVi ar1 - .
dow of a valid title. Tbat Texas herself - will
anAAn tka Ktll l aahma f 1. .MM.A.fai;.u :
maica iil, i win iu uuuut. 1 . -
Mr. Kaufman, one of them has always been
for it; the other, Mr. Howard, - to be against
it but the agony of bis apprehensions, when
he found it bad failed, betrayed the double fa
1 , .
ced hypocrisy of the game ha was playing.and "
prepared the way for the part he took the .
next day. The vote was reconsidered, the de
cision of the speaker overruled, and the biH
passed, under the vigorous and anxious leader
ship ot tne very man who had voted against it
the day before. . : - . . :
We look now tor peace for quiet for the
freedom from agitation and excitement which
nave an aiong oeen promised as tne result or,
those bills. . Now that all these vexed ques- ,
tions have been settled, and that too, in aceor-
rlanfO witll tVl fires nmn vii.nro n-a linvn e nrtVt st
WHaaww BIS lUVyll VRll 1 IC TIO) WC (ICSi V Si Cs a 11 LIB W '
demand of congress,and especially of the south -..
that the industrial and general interests of the
country shall receive their prompt and effici
ent attention. - - -
The settlement of the vexed questions which
have so long agitated congress, will afford
much satisfaction to the great mass of the A- -
merican people, irrespective ot party.
Their settlement bas been reft by the Whig
administratration to the immediate representa- -tives
of the people, and all sections of the
country will cheerfully Acquiesce in the deci
sion. . ......... ...
Ao-itators for merp, dprneirnrma
in particular localities will probably rail on,
V . , . . U .... 3 .. .. . T f
o .-.1 v uuilAfOe
' icucuuug masses oi provisoists wul
agree with a remark of a somewhat distin- -
guished one this morning that 'a bad settle
ment even is better than longer and protracted
profitless agitation.' , .. .
Bv the action of conoress mupJi lia )iu
gained Jo the cause of freedom. T"