Newspaper Page Text
TUB A5IEUICAX FL lGt
; The National Intelligencer has the fallow
in respecting this subject from correspond
ent: .... - f - - .
On the 8d of December, 1 775, tho Conti-
nental Hag was displayed for the first time,.
It was on thai day hoisted on board tho flag
ship of Eseck Hopkins, who, on the 5th of the
. proceeding month, had been appointed coru-
msnuer-in-cmei ot the hrst American net
t me 3J day ot December.then. n the birth-
day of the American flag. Why not celebrate
it annually as a navy festival 7 Let it be ob
served as our ocean holiday at all our naval
stations and oa board of our vessels of war, at
home and abroad. :
The writer of the above is under a mistake
in regard both to the nature of the flag and
the date of its appearance: He takes for
granted that the national banner first display
ed in the revolutionary struggle, was that of
the stars and stripes; this is not the fact ; nor
w it true that any Continental colors were
hoisted for the first time on the 8d day of
December, 1775. The birth-day of the A
mericrtn flag, if it be fixed at all, must be the
14th of June, 1777. It is imposible, however,
H determine the day on which the banner of
the stars and stripes first actually waved to
tho breeze, or the dtiy when any colors of a
distinctly American character were devised or
unfurled for the first time.
The first attemnt at nn American flarr an-
pears to be that of old Endicott of Salem, who
m 1634 cut tho cross of St George out of the
fl;ig of Old England, as savory of popery and
prelacy. We are unable to say how far the
pure red flag thus formed was adopted by the
JteW fcnglanaers. But tne Uta BngUiKl na
tional colors were generally worn by the Con
tinental vessels till the breaiing out of the re
volution. . It is remarkable, however, that the
thought of raising a national standard of their
own. seems never to nave been abandoned by
the people of New England. Mention is made
of a colonial flaw as early as 16S6. The first
national emblem adopted here was that of the
New England pine tree, which was stamped
On tne silver coins of Massachusetts nearly 200
rears a;o. Probably ii was on the colonial
flag above mentioned, as a representation of
ne drawn in 1701 exhibits the pine tree com
bined with the English cross. - This, so far as
-we can discover, is the first actual description
of the American pine-tree nag, though an
doubtediy it was used at a much earlier date.
It Continued in use, more or less, till superse
ded By the staisana stripes.
There is no means of knowing whether the
Xew England troops, who fought in the old
French war, on the takes of Canada and at
Cape Breton, bore any colors distiuet from the
English, though it is likely they did, as the
several states bad their colony arms,and these
appear to have been inscribed on the standards
of the ncalitia. This was the practice when
the New England troops marched to Bos on,
after the battle of Lexington.
A letter dated April 23, 1775 says of the
Connecticut troops: 'We fix on our standards
and drums the colony arras, with the motto
Qti Iranstu lit sustinet,' round it in loiters of
goldj- which we construe" thus ;'-roa, who
transplanted us miner win support ns.' ine
accounts of the battle of Bunker Hill make no
mention of any standard being used by the.A
mericans, though at a public celebration in
1825, a flag was displayed, which, according
to tradition, was hoisted in the redoubt on the
top of the bill It is said to have borne an in
scription which the British officers in Boston
attempted in vain to read with the help of their
telescopes, till a Whig told it was 'Com if
you dare.- On tne 18th of July, 1775, after
the battle,' we read in tho Essex Gazette of. a
flag hoisted on Prospect Hill, bearing on one
- . . 1 . 1 A J It I 1
due me mQWJ -tn xn ppcui acaum, buu
on the other side' Qui transtu lit tustinet.'
See FrothiDgham'a History of the Siege of
Boston. . . ( .. ... .. , .... - .
; The pine-tree flag, however, seems to have
prevailed oyer all others and soon became the
national ensign. CoL Reed, in a letter writ
ten from the' bescigirig army at Boston, Octo
ber 20thv 17 75, says to Cols. Glover and Moy
lan -'Please to fix upon some particular color
for a flag, and a signal by which our vessels
may know each other. " What do you think of
a white ground,a tree in the middle the mot
to 'An appeal to Heaven.'- ' This is the flag of
our. floating " batteries. ' Thi suggestion was
idopted, and the pine-tree flag became the
jBJisign of . the American ships-of-war, public
and private. It was adopted by the "legisla
ture of Massachusetts as the naval flag of the
colony on the 29th of April, 1778. '
Paul Jones declared that he was the first
man who hoisted the Continental flag on board
a national ship-of-war. Jones was appointed
Lieutenant of the Alfred the flag-ship of
Commodore" Hopkins, on the 22d of Decem
ber, 1775. Tne Alfred lay at Philadelphia,
. where "Jones hoisted the flag pn that or some
subsequent day. It was doubtless the pine
tree flag,, but this had been unfurled upon the
ocean by the New England private armed ves
sels for soma time previous. An English pa
per of January, 1776, has the following:
The flag taken- from a provincial privateer
is now deposited in the Admiralty. The field
the motto 'An appeal to Heaven.'
We bsv in our own possession two very
rare pictures,' the only ones of the kind, per
haps, in existence. They are full-length por
traits of Com. Hopkins and Gen. Gates, with
the American flags as they existed in 1776
and 1777. .
These pictures are engravings finely color
ed, and cemented by transparent varnish to
glass plates, in order to preserve the tintingin
all is. freshness. They were executed in Lon
don by some friend of the American cause.
That of Hopkins was done in 1776. It rep
resents tha Commodore, sword in hand, stand
ing on the quarter deck of a ship, in tho old
Continental blue and buff uniform, and a cock
ed hat Another ship in the background bears
two flags, the pine tree ensign, with the motto
-'An appeal to Heaven,' and another exhib
iting a (rattlesnake, with the motto 'Don't
tread on me.' The rattlesnake flag is said to
have originated at the south. According to
soma accounts it was hoisted on board the Al
fred and the Alliance, but of this we have no
positive knowledge. .:
- The portrait of Gen. Gates was done in 17
18. It represents him on the tented field af
ter having signed the convention for the sur
render of Burgoyne. .. Over the General's
marque is a flag with thirteen red and white
tripes, but do stars. Tbia was the earliest
which bore the name of the 'American Union
flag.' It is first mentioned as having been
hoisted oa the western heights of Charleston
in January, 1776. ' . -
Lieutenant Carter, of the British army, un
der date of January 28 says: 'The King's
peecb was sent by a flag to them on the 1st
inst In a short time after they received it,
they hoisted an union flag above the Continen
tal, with thirteen stripes, at Mount Pisgab.
Their citadel fired thirteen guns, and gave the
like number of cheers. This was the speech
of George III. to parliament, denouncing the
Americans as rebels, which excited so much
indignation throughout the colonies. The
British Annual Register of 1776, in describing
the resentment of the people states 'that they
burnt the speech and changed their colors
from a plain red ground, which ihey hud hilh-
erto- used, to a flag with thirteen stripes, as
symbol of the number and union of the colo
nies. This nnion flag is mentioned as being
worn by the fleet under Hopkins, in February,
1778, but was not the one hoisted by Paul
The Union Bag of thirteen'plain stripes pre
vailed for about a year and a half; when the
happy taste of some unknown individual sug
TTTewea a new embellishment, ana it received
the addition nf th tnr h a .J,i;,,n r
congress, in the following words :
'In congress, June 14tli. 1777, Resolved,
That the flag of the United States be thirteen
stripes, alternate!' red and white; that the
union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field,
leprescnlmga new constellation.'
As new states were added to the Union
from time to time, new stripes were added to
the nag, till the number had increased to bf-
leen or twenty. At kngth, about thirty years
ago, the stripes were reduced by tho act of
congress to the original number thirteen,
Tito two Traveler.
Tho following story of a noble act of hum
nnity is from the interesting German tales of
. Two travelers once rested on their journey
at an ir.u, when suddenly a cry anise that
thero was a Cre in the village. One of tiie
tra'elurs immediately sprang up and ran to
oiler Lis assistance. But the other strove to
detain him, saying, "W hy should you waste
your time t Are there not hands enough to
assist ? Why concern ourselves about stran
His friend, however, listened not to his re
monstrances, but hastened to the fire, the olh
er following and looking on at a distance. A
woman rushed out of the burning house cry
ing, -My children! my children!"
When the stranger heard this, he darted
into the house among the burning timbers,
while the names raged fiercely around him.
"He will surely perish!" cried the spectators.
But after a short time.behold, be came forth
with scorched hair, carrying two yonng chil
dren in his arms, and delivered them to their
mother. . She embraced the infants, and fell
at the strangers feet, but he lilted her up
and comforted her. - The house soon fell with
a terrible crash.
As the stranger and his companion return
ed to the inn, the latter said, "Who bade thee
risk thy life in such a dargerous attempt?"
"He, answered the firt, "who bid me put
the seed into the ground, that it may decay
and bring forth the new fruit.
"But if thou hadsl been buried among the
His companion smiled and said, "Then
should 1 myself have been the seed !"
rora the student
Tbongh our voluntary peregrinations be
confined to narrow limits, although our globe
is but a speck in space.and although a voyage
from pole to pole would be, by the shortest
route,but some paltry 12,000 miles, fortunate
ly tor astronomy, we make an annual tour in
the course of our orbital revolution round the
sun, which carries us to two points of space
nearly 200,000,000 of English miles apart
Seated on this comfortable railway carriage
culled the globe, we are actually tearing
through space at the rale of nineteen miles
per second, or 67,000 miles an hour: and the
distance and position of the sun being known
at any time by observation, the actual dis
tance between the points of space occupied by
us, the travelling spectators, on any two days,
is accurately known, tor instance, on the
longest and on the shortest day, our positions
are, as we have said, nearly 200,000,000 miles
apart Of course this annual trip makes a
vast change in the celeslkl scenery of the bo
dies nearest to us. .The other planets, if they
did not move themselves, would appear to do
so by our own relative motion: as it is, they
have apparent movements, resulting from
their own, as well as from our earth's orbital
motions. But the most extraordinary fact - is
this, that, notwithstanding the vast space
which separates the position of our earth at
opposite seasons of the year, the scenery of
the fixed stars is noways sensibly distorted by
our change of place. The vast distance from
the earth to the sun is seen from the nearest
filed star under an angle probably not exceed
ing one second, which is about one two thou
sandth of that which the sun's or moon's disc
subtends! This is called the annual parallax;
and, admitting it to exist, the nearest fixed
star must be 206,000 times more distant from
the sun than our earth is; or 5,000,000,000
diameters of our globe, or about twenty bil
lions of English miles!
A Regnlar Stick
C. was a cute 'Down-Easter' a real live
Yankee always ready for a joke, and bard to
beat He was one day ia a country bar
room "down South, where several persons
were assembled, when one'of them said
Mr. C, if you go out and stick your knife
in anything, when you come back I'll tell you
what it's "sticking in,'
Yer can't do any' such thing,' responded
'I'll bet ten dollars of it,' said the other.
Wall, I rather guess I'll take that 'ere
bet; here, captain, (turning to the landlord,)
hold stakes, and 1 11 jist make half a saw horse
in less than no time.'
The parties deposited an X a-piece, and C.
went on his mission, but in a short time re
'Wall, nabor, what is it stickin in ?'
'In the handle, replied the Southerner, as
he reached out Lis hand for the stakes.
'Guess not, jis wait awhile,' said the Yankee
as be held up the handle ot lus knile minus
the blade. I kalkilate the blade ean't be in
the handle, when it's driv clean up in an old
stump asid of yer road out thar.
Jonathan of course won the wager, and
the Southerner sloped to parts unknown,
amid roars of laughter. Yankee Blade,
. . Singular Preservation.
On the 19th instant Henry Stokes, a miller
in the employ of Mr. 1 wigg, at the windmill,
in Stafford, ascended the gallery of the mill for
the purpose of applying the break to the sails.
Having, as he supposed, effected his purpose,
he was proceeding to descend by one of the
sails, but when about half way down they be
gan to revolve. Perceiving the imminent
danger in which he was placed, he firmely
grasped the sail upon which he was standing;
and his perilous position having attracted the
notice of several persons near their cries alarm
ed Mr. Twigg, who was in the mill, and who,
with anothi-r individual, proceeded with were
not stopped until the poor fellow had perform
ed nearly twty rertluikn. We understand
thai Stokea, who is a steady, sober man, has
experienced but very little injury from his
novel sorial excursion.
" Staffordshire Advertiser.
Libel. The editor of a down east paper, a
bachelor, says "The reason why the women do
not cut themselves in two by tight lacing, is
because they lace around the heart, and that
is so hard they cannot effect it!'
Trtttii gtrartgrer than Fiction-.--A
young man recently made his escape
from the galley at Toulouse. He was strong
and vigorous, and soon made his way across
the country and escaped pursuit. He arrived
the next morning - before a cottage in an
open field, and stopped to beg something to
eat and concealment while he reposed a. little.
Hut he found the inmates of the cottage in
the gruHtest distress. Four little children sat
trembling in a corner, their mother was weep
ing and touring her hair, and the father walk
ed the floor in agony. The galley slave ask
ed what was the matter, and the father re
plied that they were that morning to be turn
ed out of doors because they could not pay
their rent You sea me driven into despair,'
said tho father, 'my wife and little children
without food or shelter, and I without means
to provide any for them.' The convict listened
to this tale with tears of sympathy, and then
I will give you the means. . I have but just
escaped from the galleys, whoever secures and
takes back an escaped prisoner is entitled to a
reward of fifty franca How much does your
rent amount to?"
Forty francs,' answered the father.
'Well,' said the other, -put a cord around
my body. I will follow you to the city ; they
will recognize me, and you will get fifty francs
for bringing me back.' .
"No, never!' exclaimed the astonished lis
tener 'my children should starve a dozen times
before I would do so base a thing.
The generous young man insisted, and de
clared at last that he would go and give him
self up, if the father would not consent to take
him. Alter a long struggle the latter yield
ed, and taking his preserver by the arm, led
him to the city and to the mayor office. Every
body was surprise that a little man like the
father had been able to capture such a young
fellow, but the proof was before them. But after
he was gone, the father asked a private inter
view with the mayor, to whom he told the
whole story. The mayor was so much affect
ed that he not only added fifty francs, more
to the tatber s purse, but wrote immediately
to the Minister of Justice, begging the noble
young prisoner s release, the Minister ex
amined into the affair, and finding that it was
comparatively a small offence which had con
demned the young man to the galleys, and
that he had already served out half of bis time
be ordered his release. Is not the whole in
cident beautiful? fCorr. St. Louis Rep.
Ten Mother ano Sps. The Hon. Sargent
o rrenuss, corn ana eaucatea in Maine, ana
one of the most brilliant orators of the land,
was buried at Natchez, Mississippi, on the 2d
ult.having departed this life the day previous.
A simple anecdote will illustrate the filial af
fection of the man, as well as his ready percep
tion of the fitting thing to be said. When on
a visit to his friend, some years ago, but after
bis reputation had become wide-spread, a dis
tinguished lady took pains to obtain an intro
duction, by visiting the steamboat in which
she had learned be was to take his departure
in a tew minutes. "1 have wished to see
you,' said she, 'for my heart has often congrat
ulated the mother who has such a son.
Rather congratulate the son on having such
a mother" was his instant reply; and it was
unaffected and heartfelt
Swimming Stockings.- In noticing, lately.
e great feat of swimming, as it was thought to
be performed a short time since at Edinburgh,
the swimming-stocking was mentioned as hav
ing been used. What that was we did not ex
actly know; for whether it was' new toothers
or not, it was new to us.
We have since seenan engraving of it, and
description in an English paper. It is
no more than a sort of stocking without a foot,
made of any cloth that will offer a little resis
tance to water, the lower part of which re
sembles a small umbrella, and is so arranged
by means ot cords and wooden ribs, that it
contracts when the leg is draw in, and expands
when it is pushed out, thus enabling the
swimmer to make pretty good headway ; and
he gets along be6t on bis back, using his legs
alternately. It could be easily made and
easily tried. Globe.
The clerk of a steamboat once amused him
self greatly at the expense of a Catholic priest
whose profession he preteneed not to know.
Among a number of impudent questions be
asked the following:
'Can you tell me the difference between a
Chatholic priest and a jack?'
'Wo sir,' replied the priest J
'Well,' said the clerk, I'll tell you. The
one wears the cross on the breast, and the
other on his back.
'Very well,' replied the priest, coolly, 'can
you tell me the difference between a steam
boat clerk and the long eared animal of which
you have just spoken ?'
'No sir, what is it?'
I can discover none,' said the priest
The clerk stepped out
Old Fish. A gentleman sent his black
servant to purchase him a fresh fish. He
went to a stall and taking a fish, began to
smell it The fishmonger observing him, and
fearing the bystanders weight catch the scent
'Hello ! you black rascal, what do you smell
my fish for?'
'Me no smell your fish, Massa.'
: 'What are- you doing then, sir ?'
' 'Me talk to 'em, massa.'
And what do you say to the fish, my
'Me ask him what news at sea, dat's all,
And what does he say to you ?
He says he don't know ; he no been dare
dese tree week.'
Leigh Hunt states that he never got through
the multiplication table when a boy, and does
not know it yet, though he is now sixty-three
years of age, and one of the most delightful
authors in Christendom. Combe, the peno
logist, bas stated a similar fact concerning bis
own incapacity for the comprehension of fig
ures. Hunt also states auother remarkable
fact, which is, that the early education of the
celebrated West President of the Royal Aca
demy, had been so sadly neglected that, at
the zenith of his fame as a painter, he scarcely
knew how to read.
3T The negroes at the south are not with
out their share of keen humor, which some
times cuts their masters with a lash as adroitly
applied as that which visits their own backs.
The fullowing is a negro's toast, on harvest
De heifer find de hide;
Ie tanner tan de ledden
M ana wear de boot,
AhJ nigg aland de wedder.
The Direction op a Lettkr. The follow
ing superscription is copied from a letter now
in the post office, this city : "Mr. James franke
H. White hall street to be forwarded to Paul
ruttle and by him to Bridget Heanagan New
lorB, . Toledo Blade.
' '" FREMONT, OHIO.
J". 8. FOITKE, Editor.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1850.
The long agony is over, and the question is
setled, as to which party will take the reins of
state government. We have not received ma
ny returns; still we have enough to satisfy us
that the star of hard money, bank destruction,
and direct taxation is in the ascendent The
people have willed it, and we have concluded
that we can stand it as long as any of them.
W e expect to see them carry out their princi
pies now, which we set forth as follows:
"1st The locofoco party of this state avow, as
one of their cardinal principles of action, hard
money, to the exclusion of all paper money.
"2d. Direct taxation, which has a tendency
to make the rich richer, and tho poor poorer.
"3. Oposition to all the internal improve
ments of our state, and opposition to all corpo
rations; and .
"4th. Victory for spoils, no matter by what
means it is obtained."
The probability is that Wood will have from
5 to 8000 majority in the state. There is no
certainty about the Legislature.
3T The following are the returns as far as
we have received them :
Sandusky county gives Wood frcm 450 to
500 majority, returns not all in. The Rail
road subscription is defeated by about 80 to
Wood county gives Wood 79 majority.
Cleveland gave Wood 433 maj.
Cuyahoga co., about 700.
Summit co., 300 whig majority.
Lorain 400 dem. maj.
Franklin co, gives 200 whig maj. Gallow
ay, whig congressman elected.
Sandusky city gave Johnston 44 maj.
Tuscarawas ca, whig.
Zanesville, Johnston 166 maj.
Hamilton co, Wood 3000 maj.
In the Huron and Erie district, we have re
elected whigs to the Legislature.
Cuyahoga elected a freesoil whig.
We hare gained a whig in Summit
Erie ca, even on Governor and Senator
dem. on county ticket 30 to 40. Townshend
30 maj. for congress.
We have a decided gain in Huron county.
Worcester has about 500 maj;
"Old Molly Stark," which has always been
good for 000 to a 1000 dem. maj. has refused
to send Leiter's "Hat" to the Legislature.
Myers re-elected by an increased majority,
but lost the vote of his own county.
LATER AND BETTER.
Although Johnston is defeated for Govern
or, we have probably secured the Legislature
by a good working majority. Our gain as far
as heard from is as follows :
Portage and Summit 1 Senator.
Stark, 1 do
This will secure to us a United States Sen
ator in the place of T. Ewing. This is indeed
glorious news. " If Destruction is to hold the
reins of State government, Discretion and Wis
dom will be aboard of the car to direct and
point to a safe and secure path.
Pittsburgh, Oct 8.
Eleven wards and districts in this city give
Howe, whig, for Congress, 631 maj. This is a
large majority for the vote polled.
Philadelphia, Oct 9.
Galphin whig, is elected Mayor of the city,
by 2000 maj. Wilkinson, Independent dem.,
is elected Mayor of Northern Liberties, by
About four and a-half o'clock, on Thursday
morning last, our citizens were startled by the
cry of "Fire," which was found to proceed from
the building occupied by Mr. George Greiner,
as a Blacksmith shop, from which it commu
nicated to another occupied by Mr. Ambrose
Ochs, as a Wagon-shop. The fire made quick
work, and in a few minutes the buildings were
entirely consumed. The loss will be pretty
severely felt by both these gentlemen, as their
tools and a quantity of work was also burned.
The loss was about $700 or &S00.
We have heard of fire-engines, which will
throw more water than half a dozen men can,
and beat the "hay-scales" all hollow; now, if
there are such things made, and can be pro
cured, wouldn't it be a good idea to make the
attempt ? It might come "in play" sometime.
The Baker Family.
It will be seen by reference to our adver
tising columns that this popular family of sing
ers will give a Concert, at Social Hall, in Buck
land's Brick Block, on Thursday evening next
The reputation of the Bakers is too well es
tablished for us to say any thing further.
They have probably a better bass singer than
any company that has sung in the western or
They will give but one Concert
We are happy to say that the report of I
the death of Mr. M. H. Pettibone, which we
published last week, was incorrect He ar
rived at Sacramento city about the latter part
, The riot in Sacramento ciy, was a small af
fair, and the report of the burning of the city,
entirely groundless. There was no fire.
Lots of them at Sbrenk's. Done np to or
der, and in the most palateable manner. "
Fugitive Slave Excitements.
Worcester Mass., Oct 1.
There is considerable excitement here, ow
ing to a report that there are two slave-catchers
in town in quest of fugitives, it being well
known that there are a great number of run
away slaves among the colored population. -
Buffalo, Oct 4.
Thirty lugitive slaves came down the lake
on the steamer Western yesterday on their way
to Canada. They were armed for resistance.
There is a society of colored persons here, or
ganized for the assistance and relief of slaves
seeking to. escape.
New York, Oct. 5.
Meetings have been held in Boston, Lowell
and Springfield, against the fugitive slave law,
at which various resolutions were adopted
Philadelphia, Oct 6.
A riot between the whites and the black
took place during the night on Seventh and
Lombard streets, and terminated in a white
man named Sipple being stabbed and horribly
mutilated by the blacks, tie died whilst be
ing conveyed to the station house. The watch
men accompanying him were fired on by the
blacks. . -. v
Boston, Oct 7.
Meetings are being called all over the state
in opposition to the fugitive slave law.
Slave Catching Military called out
Detroit, October 8.
Great excitement in this city. On Monday
the U. S. Marshal arrested a negro, who bas
been in the city some time as a fugitiue from
xennessee. , .
The colored population evinced much ex
citement and amed themselves, threatening to
rescue the fugitive. The military company,
known as the Grayson light guards, proceeded
to the jail and prevented any attempt at res
cue. To-day the MAN claimed as a slave,
was conveyed to the U. S. court house, guard
ed by the Urayson light guards, the 4tn in
fantry, the Scott guards and the City guards.
The trial has been continued until Wednes
A Regular Stampede. The passage of
the Fugitive Slave bill by Congress, caused
great commotion among our colored popula
tion. On Saturday a large number of them
left tho city for Canada, we believe. Some
of our first hotels are left very bare of servants
by this sudden movement We had no idea
that Pittsburgh was the home of so many
fugitives, and feel sorry that a law has been
passed by Congress that either drives them
out of the Union entirely, or back to perpetual
slavery. : ' Pittsburg Chronicle 23d.
There is a great and manifest feeling of op
position to this law, now exhibiting itself thro'
out the whole of the Northern states. In ma
ny of the principle cities, towns and villages,
meetings have been called condemning in the
most unqualified manner its unjuslness. No
man of color is safe. ; He is liable at any mo
ment to be seized by the heartless slave-catcher
and sent to the south, there to serve out his
life in bondage.
We learn that on Wednesday last two meD,
one dressed in woman's clothing came to our
place and visited several of the colored fami
lies, and made inquiries as to their former
residences, freedom, age, number of colored
persons in the place, &c, fe., preparatory prob
ably, to an attempt to "run off" such as they
can. Our colored population bad better be on
the alert But we ean inform all persons who
have any idea of making the attempt that
our citizens will have a little to say on this
subject "A word to the wise," &c.
Graham for November is on our table, it is
interesting as usual. Published by Geo. R,
No. 18 of the Dictionary of Mechanics, &c
has come to hand. - It has reached the 864th
page. To Mechanics of every description,
this is almost an invaluable and indispensable
work. Published by D. Apple ton & Ca N. Y.
We should have come to the conclusion that
Godey's Lady's Book had ceased to be, unless
we bad seen where some editor announced its
arrival. We have not received a number
since February. Mr. Lady's Book we pub
lished your advertisement in January last in
which you promised to send ns your work
and sundry plates. We performed on our part
and have not received the stipulated compen
sation. We should be happy to receive it now.
Mr. Godey, if they are forwarded we will make
We have received the Report of the Naval
committee, on establishing a line of mail steam
ships to the western coast of Africa, and thence
via the Mediterranean to London, for which
the Hon. Joseph Howard will please accept
The October number of Holden's Dollar
Magazine is before us. This is an interesting
and cheap work. $1 per year; published by
Fowler & Deitz, 131-2 Nassau st, N. Y.
We have received the first No. of a new pa
per entitled "The North-Western Continent,"
edited and published by George L. Whartok,
Tiffin City, which is a handsome sheet " Whar
ton is a rich and original journalist and is not
afraid to express his opinion. His paper is
neutral Success to the Continent and its ed
Schooner Sunk ok Lake Huron. On
Tuesday night the Propeller Monticello when
off Point Au Barque, came in collission with
the schooner Northwestern and sunk it in forty
fathoms of water.
The first Drayman.
The first person who ever drove a dray in
Cincinnati, is now living in Newport, Ky.
There were no wagon makers among us in the
business, and the vehicle was of bis own con
struction. The shafts were made of saplings.
the axel-tree of a hickory log, and the wheels
were made of the rounds of a sycamore stump,
sawed to the thickness of about four inches
and tired. Instead of a horse be drove nn ox
harnessed up with raw bull's hide. What a
sight that old dray would be now, and if it ex
isted, its primitive rudeness would command
veneration. The name or the pioneer dray
man is Elijah Pierce. Cincinnati Com. J
-r.T-tTBC Fugitive Slave Bill.'."
There are three features in the act recently
passed for the reclamation of fugitives from la
bor, that we believe have not' been heretofore
noticed in this paper They depart widely
from the usual and ordinary course of proceed
ing, and we do not see on what principle of
justico tney are supposed to rest.
The nrst in the provision of the fifth section
of the act, which makes the Marshal or his
Deputy, in case a fugitive in custody shall es
cape with, or without his assent, liable on his
official bond, to the full value of the labor or
service due. So it is, although the escape is
occasioned by no J&ult ot the officer, and not
withstanding be may have exerted, in good
taith, all bis physical power and legal authori
ty to prevent the escape. ,ven in such a
case, he and his securities are held responsible
ior the whole value of the service due from
the fugitive to the plantiff in the process. We
recollect of no instanoe of legal liability like
this in the common law, or in any statute.
Why was this clause introduced into this act?
The second provision is in the eighth section,
wmcn auows tne commissioner (the Judge) a
fee of $10 in each case, if he decides in favor
of the claimant, and only $5 where he decides
against the claimant hat does this mean ?
It cannot be designed to induce a decision fnr
one party a gainst tne other, because that would
be contrary to the first principles of justice;
yet the provision holds out a direct pecuniary
reward for a decision in favor of the claimant
ana against personal liberty-
The third provision is in the ninth section.
which enables the claimant by his own affi
davit that be fears a rescue, to compel the
Marshal to employ a suffcient force to remove
the fugitive to the Statu from whence he fled.
and this though the Judge shall be of the opin
ion that there is no danger of rescue, and be
lieve the affidavit to be false, as the act leaves
him no discretion, but imperitively requires
the action of the Marshal on the affidavit.
The act provides farther, that the entire ex
pense of removal, including the pay of such
men as the Marshal may emplov, in case such
affidavit is made "shall be paid out of the
Treasury of the United States!" In no oth
er case has such a provision been made in re
lation to any kind of property. - .
We thought some amendment to the act
of 1793 necessary, but such provisions as those
noted, take us by surprise. jCin. uaz.
New York, Oct 7
The Steamer Empire City arrived on Satur
day-night a little after 11 o'clock, bringing a
large number of passengers, and ' $545,067
gold dust She left Chagres on the 26th ult
Hie Georgia arrived at quarantine at 4 o'
clock, with a good list of passengers, in whose
hands are about $200,000. A number of
passengers, and specie to the amount of $500,-
000, destined for her, had not reached Chagres
at tho time of her departure with the mails.
cut little sickness prevails at Havanna. The
new Governor General was daily expected,
with 5000 troops from Spain.
I he military were review by the Governor
General, and disbanded on the 23d. Much
indignation was excited by the ungracious
manner in which their arms were required of
them. A large portion ot the muskets were
in consequence returned to the armory unfit
for use, having been dropped in salt water,
and injured by other means: and cockades
which adorned the sombreros of citizen soldiers
were appended to the tails of dogs, and other
wise contemptuously treated. It was said
that upwards of $2,000,000 per annum is to
be raised, for additional troops and other ex
penses of the Island. '
. . New York, Sept 23.
Accidest. The Steamer Pacific in passing
out of her dock to day, pitched the wheel
house against a large heavy built frame shed,"
erected over, a pier, under which a number
were collected to see her oS The whole west
end of the shed was thrown down with a tre
mendous crash, falling suddenly n the people.
Two or three were instantly killed and several
badly wounded. A number are still buried
in the ruins. Many escaped by running for
their lives, and the whole scene was indiscrib
able. The Pacific came too in the dock to
Where are thcyf
An indignant correspondent of the Charles
ton Mercury asks,
-"Where are onr representatives in Cong
ress 7 He says, "that in bold defiance ot the
rights of the south the spirit of the constitu
tion the plain and manifest teachings of jus
tice a measure of unparalleled wrong, injury
and insult, has been perpetrated." He goes
on, "the last blow bas been struck," and again
asks, "where are our representatives?"
Bless your innocent soul, Mr. "Carolinian,"
such is the name of the indignant question
erthey are drawing their eight dollars a day.
Where did you suppose they were? " ;
Great Meeting of Deaf Mutes.
A meeting of deaf mutes, for the purpose
of presenting silver pitchers to their former in
structors, took place at Hartford Connecticut
on the 26th ultimo. The whole proceedings
were highly interesting. . The design of the
meeting was stated in a mute speech, that is
to say, by signs, by Lewis Weld, Esq. : Sum
lar addresses were made by Messrs. Brown,
csparlord, Loring (iallaudet, and Clerc.
the peices of plate presented to each gen
tleman consisted of a m issive and highly
wrought silrer pitcher, and large and beauti
The whole ceremony (savs the Hartford
Courant) seemed to be one of great interest to
all who witnessed it especially to the deaf
mutes present of whom there were more than
four hundred, including the present pupils of
the asylum ; and its effect upon them all was
such that we cannot refrain from suggesting
the propriety of more frequent assemblages
and public exhibitions of the deaf mutes, to
bring satisfaction to them and manitest to otn
ers the benefits of the present course of edu
Pittsburg, Sept 28.
Our city was visited yesterday by the most
severe hail storm that was e'er experienced
in this latitude. There is scarcely a whole
window in a house in Pittsburgh or Allegha
ny. The hail was of enormous size, and every
roof in the city suffered more or less. Some
of the hail passed clear through iron roofs to
the first floor. This may be bard to believe,
but is nevertheless true. Roofs are some
tiroes built with skylights, and floors with
A Perseverino Youno Pkokstrias. A
lad fourteen years of age named James Mc
Hale, applied at the watch house last night for
refuge. - He came from York, Maine, on foot,
and says he is bound for the State of Arkan
sas, but he is without money and has only his
own energies to depend on to carry him thro'
such a long and toilsome journey. .
Boston Traveller. '
" ' Tie Cftjuia's SSr.
Some twenty years ago, I was coming from
Calcutta m a good ship I then commanded;
I had been away from home eleven months,
during which time I had beard no' newt
thence, either private or public. OffBarna
gat, we fell in with a fishing smack, having on
board a mau and a boy, fathar and son. We
wanted some fresh fish, and the father coming
on board, we soon made a bargan with him,
receiving in exchange for a real Indian ban
danna handkerchief, a plentiful supply.
'Well, skipper," said I, after the barter waa
over, 'what's the news? .
He nodded his head thoughtfully fur a dick
ment, and Baid, 'potatoes is twenty-five cents a
bushel! .; -
-'Is it possible?', t asked; but the newt
friend, what is the news?'
Wal 1' said he, 'there was A great crop on
"em last fall!'
. 'Never mind the potatoes,' I replied, 'tell us
the news what is going on tne political
'Politikal !' said the fisherman!, standing si
lently for a few moments. 'Politikal ? d'ye
see that fellow in ray boat yonder ?' pointing;
to bis son, a mo),-headed fellow of eighteen ;'
'wal, captain, that 'are chap made two hundred
dollars last winter.' . - . . ' '
There was no use in trying to get anythinjf
out of him, so we parted. - Three or four years
after, on my return from another voyage,.com
ing on the same coast, I again met this fisher
man. - He remembered me, took the identical
bandanna I had given him, waved it with a
cheer above his head, and swore I should bare
the best and biggest of all the fish he had. I
made another purchase of him, and was again
anxious for the news. ' " v,
What's the news?" I inquired; who's the
President? It was just after a general elec
Said the fisherman, 'D'ye recollect my boy,
that I had in the smack with me the one that
made two hundred dollars?
.-. 'Yes,' said I. - '"'... ."' " ;; : "';" ;J! -
Wall' he replied, his hard eyes becoming
watery 'the little cuss is dead P .-,
'And that, said the captain in conclusion,
is all I ever got out of the fisherman of Barn
agat' (Spirit of the Times. .
From Council Bluffs ano the IndiAkTer
ritort. The steamer Robert Fulton arrived
yesterday from the upper Missouri with a fair
freight and crowd of passengers. ;
At St Joseph the Robert Fulton took en
board Mr. Barrow, sub-Indian agent at Belle-,
view, and Major Hatton, Indian agent for' the
Blackfeet and other tribes beyond Fort Pierre.
Major Hatton informs us that a short time
previous to his departure from Fort Pierre, a
band of two hundred Sioux warrior had start-
ed out against their foes, the Pawnees and
Ottoes, and a smaller party against the Reas. "
The Indians on the north-western frontier are"
in a very unsettled and dissatisfied condition,
and much bloodshed is anticipated. This ex
pedition of the Sioux, h is thought will be the '
signal for a general rupture; and it may be -that
our north-western frontier will be th -theatre
of many bloody battles betweeotlie
different tribes. - . . -
Maj. Hatton reports the health of the tribe
much improved, and the cholera which l:ad
got among them, nearly extinct J ' 1, ;".
' --; .- ' -;. . St Louis Republican '
, Tooching story.
., The London' Sailors' Magazine contafas a
a statement copied from a Moravian paper at
Labrador, of the wreck of "an English tbobcI .
(the Graham) in Hudson's Bay, and the hard
ships and privations of a - portion of the crew
during a lonely voyage in their boats of .near
ly eight hundred miles, to one of the outermost
islands in the Bay of Okak. Here they were.,
approached by two Esquimaux savages, in
their kayaks. At first the sight of them in
spired alarm, but upon an examination of their
countenances, the captain was induced to be "
iume they- were not ill-disposed. - Os Bearing '
the shore, they found that four Esquimaux
families had their temporary dwellings there.
The Esquimaux, on seeing the destitute con
dition of the shipwrecked voyagers, gave them
a large codfish, and invited them oa shore.
But not altogether releived of apprehension "
they did not venture at once to accent the in- ..
ritation. v - .:-,.,
At length, they that were able to walk.went -
on shore, where they heard the women -
chaunting, as they afterwards learned, a hymn
of praise to God for their deliverance; saw
them afterwards engaged in washing their
clothes, and presently preparing a meal of fish
and seal's flesh for their refreshment; the har
dy mariners were overcome, says the. writer
and burst into tears. The secret of this con
duct was in the fact that a chriatain mission
had been established, long before, on that drea- -ry
coast, and thus icy Labrador responded to
the benign influence of Christianity. '
- - - Cleveland, Oct 1. ' ,
A very sensible shock of an earthquake was
felt at this place this morning, at 25 minutes
past 5 o'clock, which lasted about two seconds,
when it gradually died away trembling. A;
sensible trembling could be felt by one who -.
sood upon the ground. In Euclid, about 8
miles from this city, the shock was sufficiently
violent to throw crockery from the shelves. '
. We also learn by a gentleman from Berea, ,
about 12 miles south-west that the concus
sions were sufficient to awaken persons from a' . -sound
sleep. - - .:
Novel Speculation. A mercantile house
at Berlin has proposed to all the railway com
panies of Germany, to supply all their car-1
riages with silk blinds for nothing. They
simply propose to reserve to themselves the
right of changing the blinds as often as they
please, and they require the companies to en
gage themselves not to accept during fifty
years, either for money or gratuitously, any
blinds but theirs. " Their object is to cover
the blinds with advertisments.
, .,, - : . Railroad Journal. ;
The comparison of the journey of life to
transit across a desert, ia very felicitously" ex- '
pressed in the following lines by .Charles. :
Wesley : ..- ; - - '
"Here in the body pent, - ? H
- Absent from heaven Iroam;
. Yet nightly pitch my moving tent
A day's march nearer home!" - -. tv
A Chance. A few miles from this village,
is a fine and well appointed place, near the
entrance to which a sign in large letters in
forms the world that "This place is for Sal"
We would reecommend the young lady, thus
unceremoniously alluded to, to call and take
possession. Whether "Sal" is a daughter of
the owner of the place, and this sign is held
out as an inducement for stray young gentle-
tlemen in search of wives, we cannot say, but
it looks suspicious. Roslyn, L. L, planter.
W The Albany Knickerbocker record-
mends as the best mode of preserving apples,
to lock them up in a dry cellar and bid a thi
key. . . . . - .
' '. -.'.' ." J ''" " ' .