Newspaper Page Text
EM A I
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, OCTOBER 26, 1850.
W JDj lUi
J. S. TOPEE, Editor and Peblisher.
The Piinti, it published every Saturday tnorn
liHt Office U BocklaodHi Brick Buildig third
lory; Fremont, Sandusky coanly, Ohio.
. . TER MS.
Sif le mail subscriber, per year,- - ' 1 SO
Cluba of tea and pwarda, te eae addreaa 1 371
Tewa eubeeribere will b eharmd 75. The dif
" fereace in the terma betweea the price on paper
- tua inravmi ov-meii, laecea
, anemea1 y: the eapeaee of carrying;. '-, .-. . .
Whea the mosey is aot paid in advance, as above
epeeified. Tare Dollar will be charted if paid with.
I the year if not paid aatil after the expiration of
pae year, I. we Dollars and Fifty eentawill be charg
ed. Th-ee terma will be strictly adhered to.
How to Sto a Papcs f irat see that yoo have
paid for it na to the time yea wiah it te atop; notify
the Peat Matter of. yoar eVeirr, and ask him to ae
tify the pahliahrr. andr hia frank, (aa ha ia author
ised to do) of yoar wi.h te discontinue.
, R4TE8 OF ADVERTISING. .
One sqoare 13 tinea first insertion. .. -...$0 50
Do - 'etch additional insertion. 25
, Day tii Three ireiiith.. .............. 9 00
IH.-i : . 8 iiienth... ........ 3 50
Do One year..... 5 00
Two squaresSix months.... 6 00
. Do' ? One-year. ....4..... 10 00
Half eolnmn One yer. ........... .... .... 18 00
'One column One year.. 30 00
, FBEJI0ST FREEH AS -i
JO U P R IK T I SG OF PICEl
We are now prepared to execute to ordr. i 1
'.Mat ana expertttiene manner, and upon me latresi
terma; almoat all deeeriptiona of'
, J B PRINTING;
C ata Loaves,
Saow Bilu, " .
Bill or Limaa, ,
Baix Ticarrs, itt, rrc
We woold aav to those of ear friends who are in
-want of each work, yea need cot go abroad to ret
I, doas, whea it can he Cone joat aa gooa mi noma.
SONS OF TEMPERANCE,
. FoKT STBMWiraoa Dtvmoa, No. 432. Stated
.sseeliags, every Taeeday evening at. the Division
.Room ia the old Northern Exchange.
- - I. O. O. F. , -CnosHA
LoDoa, Xo. 77, meets at the Odd Fel
Iowa Hall, ia Backlaad's Brick Bailding, every
flatnrdav eveniag. .
. j PEASE eTe ROBERTS, r
Capper, Tin; and Sheet-iron "Ware,
ams osALaftt a
Stores, WhI, Hides, Sleep-pelts, Rags,
'- Old Copper, Old Stoves, Ac &c. :
AXSO, AIX 8CBT8 OF 3XCIK TANKS si. HOTIOM8
.Pease's Brick Block, No. 1.
; v FREMONT; OHia ' 32
STEPHEN BUCKIiANlD 4c CO.,
. Miun or -. ' ''
Crags, Medicines, Faints, Dye-Staffs,
- f Books, Stationaay, V.i '
. - FREMONT, OHIO.
EDWARD F DICKINSON,
; Attorney and coataMllorat Law
- FEEMONT, OHIO. r
Office One door eoath of A. B. Taylor'a etore. op
staira. . Ang. 3i, 1850.
AI1II P. BUCKliAND:
Attoraey aad Cowtisellor at Law,
. And Solicitor ia Chancery, will attend te rrefeee
onal baajaeasia Sandnaky and adjuinins; conntiea.
' Office Socotxi atorr of Bmrkland'a Block.
FREMONT, OHIO. '
. JTOHN li. CREESE,
' ATTORNEY AT LAW,
And Prooeeatino; Attorney, for 8anduky ennnty,
-arill attend to all pvefeeaieaal baaineae entraated to
ais care, with prompt n aad fidelity.
Office 1 the second story of BucManiPs Block.
FREMONT, OHIO. .
- Attwrney and ConnaeUor nt Ejaw,
I And Solicitor in Chancery, will carefully attend
e all professional boaiaese left ia hia charge. H
will aleo attend to the collection of claims Afcc, in
xbia aad adjoin iaa coaatiea. -.
. Office Seeead attar Borklaiid'a Block.
5 .a.-. t.p FREMOMT, OHIO. " ' ' 1
. U. J. BAIl'fliETT,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
.- Will,?i hia nnAvided attention to professional
-business in Sandusky and the adjoining counties.
. Office Over Op(M"nue1mer' Store. ' ' j -
. , FREMONT, OHIO. 1
V jB.aitijiA, . -
' ' ' ; PHYSICIAN AND' SURGEON..
VrENDERS! liia piofessional aarvicea.to the citi-
- 2ena of Fremont and adjacent conntry.
t Office One door north of . Leppeimait'a Jew
elry Store, .abera he wii cheerfully attend to any
calla, except when abeenl on profeasional duty.
i Jane 24, 1850.
" LA Q. RAWSONt
r PrfYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
i- Office North side of the Turnpike, nearly oppo
aite the Peat Office.
f , . . ; FREMONT, OHIO. 14
" . PIERRE BEACGRANDt
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
f Rospeetfolly tenders hia professional services to
the citiaans of Fremont and vicinity. -.
Office One door north of E. N. Cock's Store.
V r PORTAGE COUNTY-
, Elatoal Fire Insurance Company.
' U. P. BUCKLAKO, Aseut:
POST OFFICE HOURS.
The regular Poet Office hours, until farther no
tice will bo as follows:
From 7 to 13 A. M. aad from 1 to 8 P. M.
andaye from 8 to 9 A H, aad frem 4 to 5 P M.
r . , . W.M. STARK, P.M.
...... Farms to Iet! ,
EVERAL FARMS, near Fremont, and conve
nient tothrTaraptke, 07 TO BUIT. jn
flemo of these have Eighty to Ninety acres ciear-
sd thereon, with comfortable Houses, Barns &e
Enquire of SAMC CROWELL,
t Oeneral Iand Agent.
Maakalqnge. March 8. 1850 51-5
: i. F. & F. FANDEKC00K:
;. MERCHANTS AND DEALERS
In all kinds of Produce ;
" " K it.. MA BtnaJ .
Eonnerlj occupied by Dickenson fc V.DoreiL.
....... AKJiMUJs j,, uruy,
December 15. W49
THE choicest JLiquora and Wmea for Medicinal
aad Martian1"' purposes for sale at
JJ or trj),
The laat Potatoe.
Mr. Editor: I send you the following so
liloquy which appeared in a Philadelphia'pa
per some years since though I know not .the
author? : I think it must have emanated from
the heart of some forlorn son of Green Erin,
during the scarcity of the article, though there
are some Yankees who can sympathise with
. xjia my igst! last potatoe!
Yet boldly I stand
With the calmness of Cato,
- My fork in my hand.
' Not one in the basket!
- - Must you also go ?
(With sorrow I ask it,)
Shall I peel ye or no ?
I could relish a cold one :
I'm hungry I find,
You may go to the old one! .
- I've rrmde up my mind,
" By heavens! to dash ye
At once to the ground.
Seems cruel ; I'll mash ye !
Perhaps ye'r unsound!
Let's make an incision,
(There's no need to peel ye.)
Twill let in the vision.
To judge if ye'r mealy,
How wholsome! how turfy,
It smells througli the mist!
" Good bye, my swe t murphy!
O, who could resist!
If in that blest Eden,
Potatoes had been,
Of fruits the forbidden,
We still should have sin,
For who, in his senses,
Would long be in doubt,
.' Twixt earth with potatoes,
. Or Eden without?
JH 1 0 c 1 1 1 a n c o n s ,
1 Tale far Every o4 jr.
Pay What Thou Overt!
BT A. C. THOMAS.
Dp not defraud thy nkighbor. Jonathan
Homespun, having purchased an extensive
farm, had provided himself with everything re
quisite to prosperous husbandry, proposes to
furnish subscribers with one quart of wheat,
weekly, for one year at the low price ot two
dollars a year, in ad vane ; or, two dollars and
fifty cents, if payment is made after six montba
'The faculties afforded by the government,
for the transportation of wheat to every section
of the Union and the adjacent provinces, are
such as must prove satisfactory to every sub
scriber ; and the proprietor of the Granary as
sures all who may patronize him, that he will
exert himself to supply an article of the best
'JN. a. Agents will be allowed a generous
per centage. Addres (postage paid) the pro
prietor of the Granary, Hopewell.'
Such was toe prospectus issued by our mend
Mr. Homespun. Feeling a lively interest in
his welfare, I visited his farm, although it was
a long journey from my home, and was pleas
ed to nnd everything m nice order. He in
formed me he had contracted a large debt in
the premises, stock, and implements of husand
ry, but he had no doubt of his ability to dis
charge his indebtedness in a few years. He
also stated that be had received many hun
dred subscribees, and that in four or five weeks
he would commence the delivery of the wheat
according to bis proposals.
The schema appeared plausible and my
friend was so confident of bis success, that I
had not the slightest doubt of bis prosperity.
I entered my name as a subscriber, and when
I left him he was making quart sacks.
Every week for the space of two years, I re
ceived ray quart of wheat, and concluded from
its excellent and prompt delivery, that every
thing was prosperous with Jonathan Homespun
aad his farm. So I gave myself no uneasiness
about my ind-btedness to him, for thought I,
to a farmer so extensively patronized as he is,
the small pittance of two years' arrears wnuld
be a small drop in the bucket . It is true there
was occasionally painted on the sacks a general
notice to delinquents but I never suspected
that this was intended for his friends. The no
tice, however, became more frequent, and hav
ing leisure, I concluded I would visit my friend
the proprietor of the Uranary.
He greeted me cordially but I saw he had
been in trouble. He was evidently worn with
toil and anxiety, and m the conversation ol the
eveuiiig, he -gave the particulars. j
Here I h ive been laboriny; day and night,
for almost two years, and am more in debt
than when I began. My creditors are press
ing tor payments. I am conscious ot my ina
bility !o meet their demands, and I can per
ceive no resnlt but bankruptcy.'
But you have a very large list of subscrib
ers?' said L
'Yes, a very large list, was the reply.
Then why don't you succeed ?' I asked.
'Because too many of them are like you,' he
'Me !' 1 rejoined in amazement, 'too many
are like me !'
'Pardon me,' said my friend in a melancholy
tone, 'pardon me, for oppression will make even
a wise man mad. You have a quart of wheat
weekly for two years I have a large list of
the same kind of patrons, scattered here and
there over a thousand miles. If they would
pay the trifles they severally owe me, I should
be directly free from embarrassment, and go
on my way rejoicing. But thsy reasoned as
you reasoned, and among you, I am brought
to tha door of poverty and ruin.'
I felt the whole force of rebuke, and prompt
ly paying arrearages at the increased price
named in tha prospectus and also a year in ad
vance, I shortly bade adieu to the worthy and
wronged farmer, resolved to do every thing in
my power to repair the injury I had done from
O, ye patrons of Jonatan Homespun ! wher
ever ye are ye who have eaten the wheat
from his Graaery without making payment!
ye are guilty of a grievious sin of omission.
Therefore, repent; pay him what you owe
him. Uncle Sam's teamster brings the sacks
of wheat every week to you, and they will car
ry the money safely back again to Jonathan
Header, if you are in arrears for this Pa
per, do not apply the above to your neighbor,
for it ie meant for TOW.
Politeness is the art of making a selection
from what one thinks. - - - -
Which Was the Wisest.
BY PROFESSOR ALDKN.
'Papa, where have you been in the heavy
rain, and without an umbraella too?' said
James Carter to his father, as he came in with
his cloihes thoroughly drenched with the rain.
I have beea to Mr. Hyde V said Mr. Carter.
'What, aw ly up in the hollow V said James.
'res, it is not mnch over a mile.'
James wished to ask his father what he had
been to Mr. Hyde's for, and while considering
in what form the question should be put, his
mother entered the room. James was not one
those boys that could say to his father, 'what
did you go there for? He knew that it was
not always proper to ask his father for the rea
sons for his conduct, and when it was, be knew
that he ought not to use a form of question
ing which might be proper to a companion.
My dear,' said Mr. Carter, 'old Mrs. Hyde
is very sick, and has been so for several days,
and I am afraid she has suffered a good deal
from want of attention.
'I had not heard nf her being sick,' said Mrs.
Carter, 'but I nas thinking yesterday that I
had not seen her for some time. Have you
been to see her ?'
'Yes, I was in the village when I heard of
her illness, nnd went right up to see her. It
began to rain pretty soon after I started.'
You must change your clothes immediate
ly." Mrs. Carter made the necessary arrange
ments and he retired to Ho so.
'Is old ly le's wife one of your father's rela
tions " said Robert Harris, a boy who had
come to spend the day with James Carter.
'No, replied James.
What did lie go up there for, then ?'
I suppose he went to carry her something
or to help her in some way."
'What does he do that for?'
Because he always goes to see and help
those who are in trouble.
In saying this, James stated a fact, though
be did not, as he supposed, give a reason.
The reason why Mr. Carter visited and re
lieved the poor was, that he had a warm and
generous heart, and he knew that it was God's
pleasure that he should help the poor and af
flicted. 'My father,' said Robert, 'don't do any such
thing. He sticks to bis business, and that is
the way he came to be so rich.'
This was spoken in a tone and manner
which showed how much he valued himself
on his father's riches. It was true that Mr.
Harris never went on errands of mercy that
he gave all his time to business and that he
was quite rich. It was not true that he was
happy, or thai he made his family so.
My father is not rich,' said James, and does
not expect to be.'
"I know what is the reason. . He gives away
too much, and does not attend to his business.
He does attend to bis business, too, for it is
a part of bis business to do good ; and giving
to the poor, he says, is only lending to the
My father lends bis money to those who
can pay him.' -.
'I guess the Lord is as able to pay my fath
er as any of your father's debtors are to pay
'I think very likely he is, but whether he
will do it or nut is another matter. My father
never lends without a note, or a mortgage.
James might have said that his father had
better security for what he had loaned than
any notes or mortgages, even the express
promise of God ; but there was something so
unpleasant in the conversation, that he was
not disposed to resume it ; so he made no re
ply to Robert's last remark.'
After a moment's silence, Robert said, 'Fath
er says you will come to wan.t if your father
goes on as he does now.'
I'm not afraid of it I wish your father
would mind his own business,' said James an
grily. He does, I can tell you and that is the way
he geta ahead so fast'
Let us ta'k about something else,' said
James, repenting of his anger, "this don't do
us any good.
'Agreed,' said Robert, 'let us go out and
have a run in the rain. It is so dull in the
house all the time. If I had known it was go
ing to rain, I should not have come. It bad
no business to rain to-day.'
James was a good deal shocked at the last
remark, regarding it, as ii was, a great insult
offered to God. On the whole he thought it
not -html to reprove Hubert, and simply an
swered 'we w iii get- very wet if we go out.
Well, what if we do? ' Who is afraid of the
rain ? What a soldier you would make, if you
are afraid of a -shower of rain! I don't mean
to be afraid of a shower of bullets, . :,
I am not afraid of the rain, but ' my father
will not let me go out in it unless it is necessa
ry : that is, he will not think it best for me to
'He goes out himself, and I sh.ould like to
hear my father tell me 1 should 'nt do what he
does-himself. ' Robert dfd not say what he
would do in such a case, but plainly intimated
that it would be something dreadful.
'It was necessary for my father to go in the
'Necessary,' said Robert in a "tone of con
tempt, 'what necessity was there for his see
ing an old sick woman ? You would not catch
my father doing it in any weather. Not he;
he knows too much for that. If she owed him,
he would see her. He wouldn't go himself,
but would send the constable. Such folks
can't come it over him no how.'
This was said in a boastful tone, as though
he gloried in his father's shame. James was
disgusted with him, and began to wish he had
not come, when he exclaimed: I'm not going
to stay in the house all day; so, if you won't
go out I'm off.' Suiting the action to the
word, he was off, greatly to Jame's relief.
Twenty years after the above interview,
James and Robert were still living, but their
fathers were in the grave. Both bad pursued
the course of life above indicated till summon
ed to the bar of God. Mr. Carter never be
came rich, but Mr. Harris continued to add
to his property to the last
James was now a minister of the Gospel
useful and respected. His mother bad lived
with him ever since the death of his father,
and his younger brothers had been educated
and were well settled in life.
Robert, the only heir of the once rich Mr.
Harris, was now the tenant' of a miserable
house which had once belonged to his father.
He was surrounded by a large family clothed
in rags, and often suffering for food. He
spent a large part of his time at a grocery
where rum was the chief article sold. The
riches of the rich man, notwithstanding his
bonds and mortgages, had been scattered.
The promise of God to those who feed the hun
gry and clothe the naked had not failed.
When the Five Misses Blinks were young
that was a 'long time ago,' before the mem
ory of the oldest inhabitants, they were posi-
1 . f 1.,. I. . , . . .
uveiy Deauuiui, tne toasts ot the bloods and
belles of the balls, the beauties of Commence
ment There was Miss Julia Blinks, Miss Sa
rah Blinks, Miss Belinda Blinks, Miss Wilhel
mina Blinks, and Miss Sophrona Blinks. They
all sang divinely, and played divinely upon one
of those queer little old fashioned pianos, with
lean legs, and four octaves, that were the
Chickering's grands of forty years ago. They
were very fastidious young ladies those Mis-
es Blinks, and were tutored by a very ancient
maiden aunt to set their caps at the magnets
ot tne land, tne .college learned' young
gentlemen who wore galoshes and spectacles,
and the commercial young gentlemen who
wore tight spences. Countless were the offers
rejected numberless were the hearts they
oroKe innumeraoie tne cases oi consumption
that were directly referable to gin and water,
or disappointment in love. But the cruelty
they practised was destined to recoil upon their
heads just as the hydrocyanic acid contained
in the 'poisoned chalice' is returned to the lips
of the compouner. They wouldn't when they
could, and could't when they would.' Time
rolled on, and suitors became scarce. Ver
dant young gentlemen from the upper tier of
states did the amiable occasionally but like
sporting dogs, they never came to a point
Their matrimonial hopes withered like the ros
es from their cheeks, and though as garrulous
and gay and young at heart as ever, they gave
up the dove chase, and like sensible girls, set
tled without a murmur into very chatty, pleas
ant and agreeable old maids.
But the oldest maid of all, the maiden aunt
of the fair five, Miss Perterkin, clung to her
matrimonial hopes with the tenacity of five and
When she looked in the glass she never
thought of 'what she use to was,' for she still
seemed enchanting and irresistable. She still
predicted, as she had done for forty years,
that she would make a great match a mate!
worthy of the 'sovereign queen of love and
beauty.' This prophecy was fully believed by
the fair five, and hypocritically assented to by
Mr. C. Lake, a young artist who was on confi
tial terms with the whole family.
At last came the crisis. During a certain
stage coach journey from Portsmouth (pro
nounced by the natives Pourchmoutfa) to Bos
ton, after a pleasant visit to that pleasant New
Hampshire-burg, Miss Peterkin made the ac
quaintance of a certain wool dealing widower,
of a certain age, named Ozlos Green, whom
the old maid, according to her own accounts,
had succeeded in facinating at the first glance
as was shown by his 'delecate attentions.'
It was a triumph for the maiden, and great
news tor the tiiinksas. Mr. tireen bad been
invited to call, and as soon as his urgent busi
ness in town had been transacted. Of course
be would propose should he be accepted ?
There was a family consultation and after a
warm discussion in which Mr. Lake was con
sulted, it was agreed that Miss Peterkin should
throw herself away upon the wool dealer.
' It -ws true he was a man of no education
whatever, addicted to the intemperate use of
grammatical solecism ; but then be was well
to do in this world, had no children, and un
doubtedly a good match. Then he was a wool
grower, and Mrs. Green would be a shepherd
ess. Enchanting idea. Of course be would
not be rejected. .
The very next day after this decision, came
a letter addressed to Miss Peterkin. It was
eagerly opened by the old maid and read as
this is Hopin' you will Xknse the libbaiy i
take on short anAkwaintance. but the Im
presshun u made on mi Hart imboldings me
to Perpose that we shall Younite our 4tunes
if you are a greed let me no wen i cawl which
will Bee sune.
Yrs till Deth.
From the moment of the reception of this
precious epistle the Blinks were on the qui
vive. They started at each rap at the door
and were ready to rush out of the room on the
eutrance of the visitor, leaving the field free
to the ardor of the lovers.
At lenth, one morning came a thundering
knock. Mr. Ozlas Green was announced and
ushered up. He followed his knock so rapid
ly that the Misses Blinks were unable to es
cape into the entry, and so took refuge in the
china closet, where a sisterly contention, took
place for the key hole during the whole dura
tion of the interview.
Miss Peterkin was uncertain how to act
Modesty counselled her to remain in her au
teal, and extend a coy welcome to her snitor.
But the sincereity and enthusiasm of her na
ture prompted her to act a more generous
part So she compromised matters by rising.
M. Green waddled into the room with the grace
of a domestic drake, his bell on his head; and
a lighted cherrot sticking in the corner of his
Wall, Miss Peterkin,' said he, 'thought I
should find you hum and I'm darned glad
Glad of it !' screamed Miss Peterkin, 'oh
you dearl dear! dear! man,' and she rushed
upon the astonished wool dealer, threw her
chast arms around his neck, and imprinted a
thousand kisses on his lips.
As sweet as maple sugar!' said the wool
dealer, with impurtable phlegm. 'Much ob
leeged to you, Miss Peterkin, but that's
enough. You ve squnched my cigar, and tore
my coat and jammed bell-top to eternal smash.
Wall heow do you find yuorself !'
Well well but your, dear man ?'
'I'm pretty well considerin'. Wool rising
23 cents I've sold out, all slick, and salted
down the mopuses. And now I'm going hum
to spread pretty large, I tell you.'
Ah ! how fortunate you arc. A calling the
most honorable ample means health,
wealth, and all that makes life comfortable.'
'All, excepting one thing, Miss Peterkin.
'And that is yours, said the lady blushing.
'I can't get rid of it,' said Mr. Green with a
Do you wish to?' inquired the lady re
proachfully. Sartan, sure.'
'You alluded of course to
My rhuematiz, darn it! said the wool
'Strange man,' said the fair one. 'I thought
you were speaking enigmatically, and refer
ring to the contents of your letter.'
The billet doux you wrote me.'
Billy what? What on artb's the old girl
talkin' of, I haint wrote you no letter nor bil
ly nor nothin of that air.'
False ! false I man,' cried Miss Peterkin.
Did you not send me a love letter?'
'Didn't you propose ?'
No! no! nor
'And what was the meaning of those deli
cate attentions paid me in the coach ?'
'Commonplace civilities. I marry again !
no yer don't 1 I've been there once before
I'm Green by name but not by natur. I only
just called in a friendly way but if your go
ing to freeze to me like a possum in a pine
I'm u f 11 on.
The last spelling corresponds to the orthog
raphy of the note ?" cried the five Misses Blinks
rushing out of the closet He's an infamous
man ! He ought to be ashamed of himself.'
Mr. C. Lake was consulted, as he was a bit
of a lawyer, but he thought an action for a
breach of promise would not lie, because the
offer was anonymous, and it was difficult to
prove the hand writing. 00 Miss Peterkin re
mained unmarried, and died as she had lived
an old maid. But it was always observed,
that when Mr. C. Lake told the story, he put
nis inumD to bis nose, and winked m an appal
ling manner; which induced the knowing ones
to think he knew more about the hoax than
he was willing to acknowledge.
Rain on the Roof.
When the humid shadows gather
Over all the starry spheres,
And the melancholy darkness
Gently sweeps in rainy tears.
Tis a joy to press the pillow
Of a cottage chamber bed,
And to listen to the patter
Of the soft rain overhead.
Every tinkle on the shingles
Has an echo in the heart
And a thousand dreamy fancies
In a busy being start;
And a thousand recollections
Weave their bright hues into woof,
As I listen to the patter
Of the rain upon the roof.
There, in fancy, comes my mother,
As she use to, years agone,
To survey the infant sleepers,
Ere she left them till the dawn;
I can see her bending o'er me
As I listen to the strain
Which is played upon the shingles
By tha patter of the rain.
Then my little suraph sister,
With her wings and waving hair,
And her bright-eyed cherub brother,
. A serene, angelic pair!
Glide around my wakeful pillow
With their praise or mild reproof,
And lsten to the murmur
Of tha soft rain on the roof. . ..
Another comes to thrill me
With her eyes delicious blue.
And forget, 1 gazing on her,
That her heart was all untrue. -I
remember that I loved her .
As I ne'er may love again, -And
my heart's quick pulses vibrate
To the patter of the rain.
There is sought in art's bsvuras
That cab work with such a spell.
In the spirits' pure deep fountains,
Whence the holy passions swell,
As that melody of nature
That subdued, subduing strain,
Which is played upon the shingles, '
By the patter of the rain.
A Visit to the Saltan.
BY LIEUT. LYNCH. V. 8. V.
We were led to the entrance of the south
ern wing (of the place of Cherighan on the
riosphorus) and again throwing 011 our over
shoes, entered a lofty and spacious hall, matt
ed throughout with two broad flight of stairs
ascending from the farther extreme to an eleva
ted platform or leading, whence, uniting in
one, they issued upon the floor above.
Un the right and left of the hall were
doors opening .into various apartments, and
there were a number of officers and atten
dants on either side, and stationed at intervals
along the stairway all preserving a silence the
most profound. .
1 he secretary, who had gone before, now
approached, and beckoned us to follow. But
here an unexpected difficulty was presented.
The chamberlain in waiting objected to my
sword, and required that 1 should lay it aside.
I replied that the audience was given to me as
an officer of the United States; and that
the sword was part of uniform, and that I could
not dispense with it My refusal was met
with the assurance that the etiquette of the
court peremptorily required it. I asked if the
custom bad been invariably complied with,
and inquired of the dragoman whether Mr.
(Jarr, our Minister, bad, in conformity with it
ever attended an audience without his sword ;
but even as I spoke.my mind without regard to
precedent had come to the alternative, no
sword no audience.
Whether the secretary had, during the dis
cussion referred the matter to a higher quar
ter, I could not tell, for my attention had been
so engrossed for some minutes, that I had not
noticed him. He now came forward, however,
and decided that I should retain the sword.
At this I truly rejoiced, for it would have been
unpleasant to retire after having gone so far.
It is due to Mr. Brown, the dragoman, to say
that he sustained me.
The discussion at an end, we ascended the
stairway which was covered with a good and
comfortable, but not costly carpet and passed
into a room more handsomely furnished and
more lofty, but in every other respect of the
same dimensions as the one immediately be
low it A rich carpet was on the floor, a
magnificent chandelier, all crystal and gold,
was suspended from the ceiling, and costly
divans and tables, with other articles of furni
ture were interspersed about the room ; but I
had not time to note them, for on the lett
hung a gorgous crimson velvet curtain.embroi
dered and fringed with gold, and towards it
the Secretary led the way. His countenance
and his manner exhibited more awe than I had
ever seen depicted in the human countenance.
He seemed to hold hisbreath,and his step was
so soft and stealthy that once or twice I stopp
ed under the impression that I had left him far
behind. but found him ever beside me, There
were three of us in close proximity, and the
stairway was lined with officers and attendants
but such was the death-like stillness that I
could distinctly hear my own footfall, which
unaccostomed to place regulations, fell with
untored republican firmness upon the royal
floor. If it had been a wild beast slumbering
in bis lair, that we were about to visit there
could not have been a silence more deeply
Fretted at such abject servility, I quickened
my pace towards the curtain, when Sheffie
Bey.rather gliding than stepping before tne,
cautiously and slowly raised a corner for me
to pass. Wondering at bis subdued and terror-stricken
attitude. I stepped across the
threshhold, and felt without perceiving it
that I was in the presence af the Sultan.
The heavy folds of the window curtain so
obscured the light that it seemed as if the
day were drawing to a close instead of being
at it high meridian.
As with expanding pupil the eye took in
surrounding objects, the apartment it furni
ture and its royal tenant presented a differ
ent scene from what, if left to itself, the ima
gination would have drawn.
The room, less spacious, but as lofty as the
adjoining one, was furnished in the modern
European style, and like a familiar thing, a
a stove stood nearly in the center. On a sofa
by a window, through which he might have
looked upon us as we crossed the court with
a crimson tarbouch, its gold button and blue
silk tassel on his head, a black silk barchicf
around his neck, attired a blue military frock
and pantaloons, and polished French boots on
his feet sat the monarch, without any of the
attributes of sovereignty about him.
A man, young in years, but evidently of
delicate and impaired constitution, lus. weari
ed and spiritless air was unrelieved by any in
dication of intellectual energy. He eyed me
fixedly as I advanced, and on him my attention
was no less riveted. As he smiled 1 stopped
expecting that he was about to speak: but he
motioned gently with his hand for me to come
. V . ..... . -
nearer. 1 hrough the interpreter, he then
made me welcome, for which I expressed my
The interview was not a protracted one. - In
the coarse of itas requested by Mr. Carr.I pre
sented him, in the name of the President of
the United States with some biographies and
prints, illustrative of the character and habits
of our North American Indians, the work of
American artist He looked at some of them,
which were placed before him by an atten
dant, and said that he considered them, as evi
dence of the advancement of the United
States in' civilization, and would treasure them
as a sonvenir of the good feeling ot its govern
ment towards him. At the word civilazation
pronounced in French, I started : for it seem
ed singular, coming from the lips of a Turk,
and applied to our country. I have since
learned that he is but a student in French,
and presume that by the word 'civilization' he
meant arts and sciences.
When about to take my leave he renewed
the welcome, and said that I had his full auth
ority to see any thing in StamboulJ might desire-
While in his presence, I could not refrain
from moralizing on his fate. There was the
Saltan, an eastern despot, the ruler of mighty
kingdoms and the arbiter of the fate of
of millions of his fellow creatures; and face to
face, a few feet distant one, in rank and con
dition among the humblest servants of a far
distant Kspublic, and yet as little as life has
to cheer, I would not change positions with
him, unless I could carry with ma my faith
my friendships, and my aspirations.
: My feelings saddened as I looked upon the
monarch) and I thought of Montezuma. Evi
dently, like a northern clime, his year of life
had known two seasons only, and had leaped
from youth to imbecility. His smile was one
of the sweetest 1 ever looked upon bis voice
almost the most melodious I had ever beard ;
his manner was gentleness itself, and every
thing about him bespoke a kind and amiable
disposition. Ha is said to be very affectionate
to his mother in .especial, and is generous to
the extreme of prodigality. But there is that
indescribably sad expression in his countenance
which is thought to indicate early death. A
presentiment of this kind, mingled, perhaps,
with a boding fear of the overthrow of his
country, seems to pervade and depress his
spirits. In truth, like Damocles, this descen
dant of the ualiphs sits beneath a suspended
fate. Through him, the souls of the mighty
monarchs, who have gone before, seem to
brood -over the impending fate of an empire,
which once extended from the Atlantic to the
Ganges, from the Cansasus to the Indian
A Western Woman.
A eorrespontof a Detroit paper describes a
Western Woman, whose feats of industry will
doubtless be regarded fabulous by many of
our delicate and do-nothing city ladies. It
seems that during the past winter and spring,
her husband having gone to Ualitornia, besides
taking care of five children the eldest a girl
12 years of age, and her eldest boy only 5
years old, the youngest being an infant at the
breast she has woven 700 yards of satinet
and shawls; made 800 lbs of maple sugar;
cut and drew from the forest all the wood the
family needed during the winter, and chopped
the same at the door; attended to the milling
and trading fifteen miles from home, with
an oxteam, driving it herself, and taking all
the care of them and her 6 cows, and 11
sheep, when at home. Above all, she is on
ly about 35 years of age, very modest and
unassuming and has no idea that she has ac
complished anything more than an industrious
woman may, with ordinary diligence and good
health. How in the world can the husband
of such a wift! need to go to California in
search of wealth? "
Perils of Whaling. Extract from a letter
written on board barque Parker Cook,of Prov
incetown, July 25:
'On the 11th July got fast to two whales
and saved but one, which made 130 barrels;
22d raised a school of sperm whales. Capt
Cook struck one, and, when about to throw
another lauce, the whale turned and upset
the boat, and then struck her with his flukes.
The boat stecrer, named John Hoxie, was
caught by the line, and his foot take off at the
ankle the ankle joint; Mr. H. while in the
water, took out his knife and cut six or eight
turns from his leg. The waist boat picked up
the crew, lhe mate s boat gave chase to tlie
whale, which was an ugly customer;
when within about ten darts of the boat he
would turn over and come towards her with
his with his mouth open and came near gett
ing hold of the boat several times. Finally
the whale cot in the vicinity of the shin, nnd,
it being calm, she could not get out of his
, , ., , j i.t
way. lie raaae ior ine snip ana siruun ner in
the bows, knocking the cutwater one side, but
doing no other damage. The captain at last
got his gun and 'bund' lance. He fired three
times into the whale, and then went op ana
killed him. The whale made about 95 barrels.
Mr. Hoxie was landed at Fayal, Jitr 28.?-
Boasntr Iiand Law. v
Cirenlar af the Secretary af the Interior.
' - Tn viata 4-Via Maaei I a vrvo tmmki sf aiao'.
sons who are to participate in the benefits &i
the provisions of the general Bounty Land
Law, it is incumbent on the prats to dissemi
nate all tha authentic information in referenda
thereto, which has transpired. The Washing
ton papers contain the Circular from the Sec
retary of the Interior, which will be foand 'De
low. In - the Republic it is accompanied, by
the following remarks: .v v: r -'' ' .:;
There has been some uncertainty abou', this
important law, occasioned by the attempt to
pass a supplementary bill, and the supposition
that its operation would depend upon the in
terpretation to be given to it by the Executive
Department The circular of the Secretary
of the Interior removes all doubt on the sub
ject The meaning of the Bounty Land Lair
is now established by the authors tire -exposition.
: There ia now no doubt whatever that
no transfer of bounty land is valid before tha
issuing of the patent. We rejoice at tha truly
paternal precautions which the President has
taken to secure to the veteran soldiers of tha
Republic the just rewards of their valor. . Not
only does that officer declare, in the most erne
phatic manner, that all transfers are void.bs
ibre the issuing of the patent but he provides
that the simple forms of proceeding necessary
to obtain the land shall be published and fur
nished to the Clerk of every County Court ia
the United States.: He moreover recommends
that every county and township in the Unitad
States shall provide meant for having the rights
of the soldier verified without expense. Theaa
precautions will secure the bounty of the coun-
j: .7.. .1 t v. :. - . a i
ii j uii ecity iv muse ivr auuio was iuiciiubu,
and not to speculators and agents. - We have
been informed that a system of buying up
these claims-has been extensively practiced ia,
anticipation of the passage of this law. i . ,
- Very smart persons have persuaded the un-.
suspecting soldier that his claim can only be.
established with trouble and expense. Theaa
persons have magnified the difficulties of prov
ing the service of tha soldier; and having be
wildered the honest claimant or the confiding
widow, with imaginary obstacles, have in ma
ny cases obtained a large interest in the claim
for services, which any dry good's clerk can
render aa efficiently, under the plain instruc
tions of the President aa tha Attorney Gene-
i-ol 4l,a TTniioA Siotaa Tn .Vila w
understand, thousands of claims have been
bought up. . . .: . - - .
Persons interested will, however, take no
tice that no transfer is binding until after tha
patent for the land shall be granted; that all
such transfers are contrary to law and void.
They will, moreover, take notice-- .
1. That their military service and discharge
will appear upon tha company and regimental
mlln nnw in thm .Anrlitnr'a itfii.f. - . t
2. That these rolls will be, by order of the
President publishdd, and the claimant will
find them with the forms necessary to estab
lish his rights, in every Clerk's office in the
United States.. . , , j ' . :; 4 ,i
3. That the soldier need only proie his iden
tity the widow her marriage the heir hia
right to inherit . -. ... .. '., ..' ' "-t
.. We therefora advise the soldier to wait for
a short time until tha rolls and forms of pro
ceeding shall be distributed. Ha will then go
to the Clerk's office of the county court and
examine the rolls for his name, his term of
service, and the date of discharge. Upon 61?
ling up a proper form which the clerk will fur
nish, be will obtain without fee or reward tha
patent for land to which he ia entitled under
tha law, and this without tha intervention of
any agent or speculator whatsoever.
Should it be inconvenient for tha claimant
to locate the land in person, he may transmit
bis warrant to the Commissioner of the Gene
ral Land Office, whose duty it ia to causa to
be located, free of expanse, 'any warrant which
the holder may transmit to tha General Lan4
Office for that purpose, in sueh state or land
district as the said bolder or warrantee may
designate, and upon good farming land, so far "
as the same can be ascertained.
Official. - '
I M jsoway Jjana nut, jjtparzmaiu oj me
Interior, October 3, 1850. The Congress of
the United States, at its lata session, baring id
a spirit of justice and -liberality, passed an act
"granting bounty land to certain officers and
soldiers who have been engaged in the milita '
ry service of the United States," tha President
has esteemed it no less a privilege than a duty
to adopt all the means in his power, to- giv4
prompt and and effiotent operation to. this be
neticent measure. - - ;
I deem it proper, therefore, to announce td
those entitled to the benefits of the law, that;
with his sanction, I have caused all the aecea
sary forms and instructionu to guide claimants
in applying for and obtaining their rights to be
prepared, and they are - now in the hands of
the Drinter. At the earliest practicable mo
mcnt copies of these papers will be forwarded!
to each member of Congress and to the Clerk
of the Court of every county in the United
It will be his purpose to administer the law
in such a manner as to make it what Congress;
designed it to be, a bounty to the eoldter, and
not to agents and speculators. - The forms and
the mode of proof have therefore been mada
as simple as possible and every facility will be
afforded to applicants to establish their just
demands. Ulcrlts are now engaged m pre
paring, from the ; rolls on file, certificate of
service, in order 4hat those who have not re
ceived discharges, or have accidentally lost
them, may not be disappointed in obtaining
their just reward. . ;
The policy of this law, in all its provisions is
to discourage speculation in the claima-of sol
diers. The act provides, "that all sales, mort
gages, letters of attorney, and other instru
ments of writing going to affect the title or
claim to any warrant hereinbefore provided for
aw r ti.d miiw V a 1 c. n a all Ii A
null and void to all intents and purposes what
soever, nor shall such certificate or warrant;
or the land obtained thereby, be in any wise
affected by, or charged with, or subject to, tba
payment of any debt or claim incurred by such
officer or soldier prior to the issuing of tha
In his judgment the issue cantemplated in
the body of the above recited clause of the
law is the issue of the patent Consequently,
all sales, transfers, assignments, and incum
brances of soldiers' land claims, made before
the emination of the patents, are void, and will
be disregarded by the Government Speco.-1
la tors are therefora admonished that they eaa
acquire no rights by purohasa -which will ba
recognized by this department ' ' ' v
I feel it to be my duty, also to warn tha
fcsnk-Rnd confiding s-Jdier against the arta