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and dfices of asrenta. who will seek to emv '
fT gerate the difficulties of obtaining land in or
I i-Sg enhance their own charges. - .
The evidence of service exists among the
. archives of the country. In nine cases out of
! - . ten the only proof required will be the idea
j - tity of the applicant, or of the marriage and
j " widdowhood or heirship. These are facts ea-
sily proven, and therefore the difficulties will
! - jn most cases be merely nominal And tore
more even these slight obstacles, and to give
-a more full and complete effect to the munifi
j cence of the government, I beg leave respect-
fully to recommend to the propor authorities
of each county-and: township to employ a
J suitable agent, at the expense of the county,
Iq supervise the preparation of the application
rand proofs of claimants. The ignorant and
unwary would thus be protected from impo
sition, thp poor soldiers from burdens they are
(not able to bear, and the government from
j many embarrassments which may result from
I .the awkwardness of incompetent agents.
, in. conclusion, I desire to - say that great
.earn will be taken to guard against undue pre
ference of one class of applicants over others.
,With this view, at the proper time, a sufficient
number of clerks will be employed to issue
,tbe certificates with the least possible delay,
' .so that all may have an equal chance of ma
,king advantageous locations.
... , ALAX. H. JL STUART. ;
C t '"i ' t .!" Secretary of the Interior.
Farm for obt-alnimr Ilonnty Lands
; , natter the Irte Laws ef Cogrcs.
f - ' We publish below the forms necessary to
be followed under the Bounty Land law.
The Washington Republic, - from - which we
. copy, says, these forms will, with the military
rolls, be deposited in the clerk's office of every
county. : The evidence of service and dis
; -charge being thus accessible, together with
the forms necessary to verify the claim, the
-simplest business knowledge will be sufficient
- -to 1 up and forward an application for a war
rant, and to direct, if necessary, the location
by the commissioner of the General Land
Office. ' . :
- INSTRUCTIONS AND FORMS
"T h observed by persons applying to the Pension
. .Office for Boonty Land, under the act of 8ptm-
' bar 88th. IS5Q. satitlsd "A a act iranting Bonntv
' Land to ecrtaia officers and soldiers who have
" bea enffajjod injihejmilitarj arvie of the United
' In eyerr aDpEeation for the benefit of the
act aforesaid, whether made by the officer or
soldier himself, or by his widow or minor child
. ! 'or children. declaration, under oath, m ust be
xnadeat nearly according to the following
forms aa the nature of the case will admit.
- Such declaration, and all affidavits, must be
worn to before some justice of the peace or
"other officer authorixed to administer oaths
for cenaral trarooses. who must certify the
"same. - '- : - -
' - The official character and signature of the
magistrate who may administer the oath must
"be certified by the clerk of the proper court of
record of hia count v, under the seal oi me
eonrt. Such certificate must accompany every
; In every ease where the certificate of the
certifying officer who authenticates the paper
is not written on the same sheet of paper
which contains the affidavit or other papers
authenticated, the certificate must be attach
ed thereto by a piece of tape or narrow rib
bon, the ends of which must pass nnder the
official seal, so as to prevent any paper from
being improperly attached to the eertincaie.
The Sd section, in express terms, only pro
vides for the location of a warrant nnder the
law. Thus, the right to locate not being giv-
"en to an. assignee, the Department may well
- say that no assignments made prior to location
- wjil be recognized. .
The 4th section declares- all sales, &c, go-
ing to affect the title to any land, granted or
: , to ha granted "prior to the issue," shall be null
and void, and expressly declares that the land
located shall not be charged with orsubject to
-' any debt or claim "incurred prior to the issu
ing pf the patent It thus appears clear that
it waa the intention of Congress that the claim
' ' 'of the soldier or his heirs should continue free
from every kind of incumbrance until after the
issue of the patent, and thus relieve the De
partment from all the'evils growing out of
conflicting claims under alleged assignments.
. .- The' object of the law is to confer the right
to the land itself on the warrantee or his heirs.
After that purpose is effected, it is of coarse
competent for the grantee to dispose of it as he
may think proper. "- -.-
JOBM Or A DEC LARA TIOS TO BE MASK BT THE
-S ''y' . " SURVTVlSQ OFFICER OR SOLDII EL
, .State of county of S .
, --. On this day of , A. D. one thousand
: eight hundred and , personally appeared be-
fore me. a Justice of the reace (or outer om-
er uuthoriced to administer oaths foi general
' purposes,) within and. for the county and .state
aforesaid, aged years, a resident ot
in the state of -, whobeingduly sworn accord
me to law,- declares that he is the identical
who was a y in the .company commanded
by Capt- in the- regiment of com
manded by in the war with Great Britain,
declared by the United States on the 18th
d ay of June, 1 8 1 2, (or rather war embraced in
said act. describing what war;) that he enlist
ed, (of volunteered, or leas drafted,) at , on
or about the day of . A. D. , for the
ternt of and continued in actual service in
said war for the term of , and was honora
bly discharged at on the day of , A.
P. t a will appear by Ms original certifi
cate of discharge herewith presented, or by
the muster rolls of said company.
v He makes this declaration for the purpose
of obtaining the bounty land to which he may
be entitled under the "act granting bounty
land to certain officers and soldiers who have
been engaged in the military service of the
United States," passed September 2 8th, 1850.
.:, signature -of the claimant)
- Sworn to and subscribed before me the day
ad year above written. And I hereby cer
tify, that I believe the said to be the ident
ical nun that served aa aforesaid, and that he
tt of the age above stated.
(Signature of the magistrate or officer.)
ORM Or A PECXA RATION TO Bt MADE BT THE
' WIDOW Of A DECEASED OFFICER OR SOLDIER.
State of , county of , ss.
'. On this day of , A. D. one thousand
eight hundred and-, personally appeared be
fore me, a Justice of the Peace, (or othet offi
cer authorized to administer oaths for general
purposes,) within and for the county and state
aforesaid, , aged years, a resident of -
in the State of , who being duly sworn ac
cording to law, declares that she is the widow
of , deceased, who was a in the compa
ny commanded by Capt. in the regi
ment of commanded by , in the war with
Great Britain declared by the United States
on the 18th of Jane, 1812, (or other war as
the ease may be ) that her said husband en
. listed (or volunteered, or was drafted) at ,
on or about the day of , A. D. , for
the term of, and was honorably discharged
at , on the day of , A D. , ae will
appear by his original certificate of discharge
herewith-presented - '
- . . '
She further states that she was married to
the said in on the day of , A. D.
-. by one a , and that her name before
suid marriage whs ; tliat her said; husband
died at , on the day' of , A. D. ,and
that she is still a widow. -
She makes this declaration for the purpose
of obtaining the bounty land to which she may
be entitled under the "act passed September
Sworn to and subscribed before me the day
and year above written.
(Urncer s signature.
APPLICATIONS BT MINOR CHILDREN.
If any officer or soldier who would be enti
tled to bounty land under said act, if living,
has died, leaving no widow who still survives
him, but leaving a child or children under the
age of mnjority at the time of the-passage of
said act,.sucli minor cnua or cuuuren are enti
tled to tne same quantity of land that the fath
er would be entitled to if lit ing.
In such case the guardian of such minor
child or children must make a declaration as
nearly corresponding with the form as the na
ture of the case will admit. lie roust slate
the time of the father's death; the fact that
no widow survives him ; and must state the
tuime or names, and exact age or ages, of his
surviving minor child or chudren.
This declaration must be accompanied by
satisfactory proof of the father's death, that
that no widow survives him, of the age of the
minor children, and of his appointment, by
competent authority, as guardian, if there is
any family record showing the ages ot the
children, it, or a certified copy of the same,
should be forwarded, with thw affidavit of some
disinterested person, proving the genuineness
of the original, and that the copy certified is a
true and correct copy of it.
If tin- claimant wan a regimental or ataff officer,
the declaration must be varied to the facte of the
Jlf the discharge has been lost or destroyed, the
words in italic will be omited, and the facts in rela
tion the loss of the diacburee slated in lien thereof.
If the claimant never received a written discharge,
or if discharged iu consequence of disability, or if he
was in captivity with the enemy, he must vary his
declarations so as to set fori h the facts of the case.
The notes to the preceding declaration are also
applicable to this, tu some cases it will perhaps be
impossible for the widow tostate the facts in relatiou
to her hosbaud's services, with the particularity as
to dates, &c, indicated by the above form. In soch
case ahe must set forlh the facts with as much ac
curacy as possible. : It will be indispensible for her
tostate the company and regiment in which he serv
ed. If her husband was killed in bettle, that fact
must be set forth in the declaration.
SZf Tbis declaration must be accompanied by sat
isfactory proofof the inurriatre, and of the husband's
death. I f there is any pn blic record of the marriage
a duly certified copy of each rvqord ehould be for
warded, with the affidavit of some disinterested per
son, proving the genuineuesss of the original, and
that the copy certified is a true and correct copy of
it. ' If no pu'btie or private record of the marringe
exists, or can be procured, that fact should be set
forth in the declaration; and in such case other ev
idence, such as the testimony of persons who knew
the parties in the lifetime of the husband, and knew
them to rive together as husband and wife, and to
be so repated, will be addmissible. -
tin no case, howeaer will the mere statement of
witnesses that the claimant is the widow of the de
ceased be taken ae evidenco of the marriage; bnt
the witnesses must state he facts and circumstanc
es from which they derive their knowledge or opin
ion that she is the widow of the deceased.
A certificate from the clergyman or magistrate
who solemnised the marriages is not competent ev
idence, unless the genuineness of the certificate be
proved, and the person who gave it be shown to
have boon authorized to solemnize marriages.
. V And so fortb!
We have at last lost one subscriber because
we went "against the Nashville convention,
dec fec die &c" and he advises us to "move to
the North." AN e advise him to move to South
Carolina, as payment and set-off to his advice.
We wish him, ' and every subscriber we
have got, to understand (if they do not al
ready) that we are flatly, postively, and un
changeably opposed to a dissolution of the
Union and to every man, measure, men, or
scheme that looks that way, come from what
quarter it may, North, South, East or West,
Nashville, Ashville, New York or Kentucky
and to the whole batch of selfish, ambitious.
fanatical agitators, North or South, who sanc
tion such a measure in the remotest way.
With them we want no fellowship; we mean
such as are and have been trying for months,
by words and acts, to sever the Union among
whom we class tbe notorious Khett, and all
his followers and abettors.
We recommend hempen cravats to all such
degenerate sons of American sires ; and while
we wish this understood, we wish it also un
derstood that we go for the South,the North,
the East and the West the South for the
sake of the Union and tbe Union for the sake
of the South. We have not seen and now see
no cause for a dissolution of the Union, and no
probable cause but Mexico, Utah, dec, and
these we had rather see at the d 1 than to
see more causes than we have yet, we are
ready to write, talk, march, tight and die "in
the field of battle," in defence of our common
constitution, our common country, and our
heaven-borri Union ! 'We recommend to this
subscriber the 'Jioarer' or Hitmllebee'slfost'
Asheville (N. C.) Messenger.
A Slave Case in Pittsburgh.
The Law illustrated. The Fugitive Law
of Messrs. Cass and Buel is most beautifully
illustrated by a recent case in Pittsburgh. It
shows that a slave hunter knows that be can
resort to perjury, and he backed up by tbe
bill, although be rather slipped up in trying
it on in Pittsburgh. The case was this:
A slave hunter came on with his "papers
in his hat," all regularly made out before he
left home. He seized upon a colored man
named Jones, as his slave. He solemnly
swore that Jones had been his slave two years
since, but had run away, and claimed his de
livery up to him by the "Commissioner."
But it so happened that he got hold of the
"wrong nigger," for all the old residents in
Pittsburgh knew that Jones had lived in that
city for over twenty years. Among those
who testified to the fact, was CoL Black, and
many other old citizens. Tbe villain was com
mitted to prison for perjury, and Jones went
on his way rejoicing. It was lucky for Jones
that he was an' old resident of Pittsburgh al
though if the law had been strictly carried out
even that would not have availd him anything.
After laying in four days the Southern gent
was reU-nsed on $1,000 bail which will doubt
less be forfited, and he will be more careful
hereafter about he cluims as his property.
The Albany Knickerbocker boasts of a dog
'connected with thnt office,' who excels in sa
gacity all other newspaper dogs recently no
ticed. He belongs to one of the carriers, and
was in the daily habit of accompanying his
master, and served upwards of six hnndred
papers. The carrier was taken sick the other
day, and could not carry his route, but the
dog undertook the duty, and, accompanied by
an office boy stopped at the house of every
subscriber. Strange to say, he did not miss a
subscriber, and in this respect he showed him
self more faithful than some biped carriers.
Toledo Blade. .
... - - - - Barnvm. '
The fame of Barnum is hot confined to our
continent The following article from the Lon
don Dispatch is a frank and feeling tribute to
the superemincnt greatness of Barnum in a
certain line. Our English friends exhibit no
jealousy of this unrivalled genius in the science
of mystery and humbng. He is hard to beat
indeed. But what kind of gas has the man
of the Dispatch, when he speaks of Tom
Thumb as "rather disagreeable looking?"
'Barnum is a genius.' He is the smartest
man of a smart nation. He beats Kentucky,
and Kentucky beats the world. He is the
master of the noble science of humbug, and
the omnipotent art of puffery. It is useless
for London to feel jealous of him. Nicol,
Moses, Holloway, Morison panting at the
humblest distance, like Time, 'toil after him
in vain." Warren was a babe, and Henry
Hunt but a suckling, to him. The Columbus
of exhibitions the Law of shows in a word,
the mighty apostle of the great truth that you
must venture a sprat if yon would catch a
herring Barnum was the friend of newspaper
men, and the poet of sight seeing Aum-anity.
In a word, he was the 'guide, philosopher
and friend,' and also the proprietor of Tom
Thumb, and by dints of paragraphs, advertise
ments, reports of scientific men, eminent in
the medical world,' printed pocket handker
chief, management of the Queen and the court
a Lilliputian carriage and four, and studied
impromptu paragraphs, he contrived to make
25,000 a year out of a rather disagreeable
looking lusus naturae, and the instiable gulli
bility of 'a too confidinir public' He under
took to create a General Tom Thumb fever,
and had but to come,see, and conquer. Cows
with five legs, infants with two heads, a pig
faced ladv. and a learned hoe never rose
above two pence at Greenwhich fair because
Barnum was not the showman. Even the
'Siomese Twins' failed to hold their ground,
and retired in disgust from a Barnum world
to the backwoods, where it is said, one of
them has trot married to a wife, who seems
, never to have stipulated for her attached
spouse 'cutting the connection. 1 be Myster
ious Ladv' prophisied at the Egyptian Hall,
and promise husbands, and roaches and six to
all who consulted her, with equally indifferent
success. The prenologist and the more recent
Sybils, who tell character by handwriting,
have barely made a living of it, and Barnum
has stood alone a Yankee unapproachable,
by the power of the most skillful puff, preli
minary, oblique direct, inferential, and didactic
in short of every form prescribed by Puff,
and portrayed in the 'Critic' The General
has retired upon his laurels, which means his
shillings. He has built his palace On the
banks of the O hi O.' out of the sixpences
drawn from the sale of his biography and
kisses, to the ladies of Great Britan. But
when Barnum recoils, it is only to make the
greater forward. Jenny Lind has found a
showman worthy of her genius. She has
nothing to do in order to be great Hence
forth she need neither merit nor earn it
Barnum will do it all."
The China. Boys to Mayor Geary.
We have received through the hands of the
China Vice Consul, Frederick A. Woodworth
Esq. the annexed communication, we have
had translated for the benefit of our readers.
The original document, which we value high
ly as a literary curosily, is written or -rather
painted, in Uhinese characters, it may be
seen at our office.
San FnANCisco.'August 30 1860.
To Hon. J. W Geary, Mayor of San
Sir: The 'China Boys' wish to thank you
for the kind mark of attention you bestowed
upon them in extending to them an invitation
to loin with the citizens ot ban r randsco in
doing honor to the memory of the late Presi
dent of tbe United States, General Zachary
Taylor. The China Boys feel proud of the
distinction you have shown them, and will have
own them, and will always endeavor to
merit your good opinion and the good opinion
of the citizen of their adopted country. The
China Boys are fully sensible of the great loss
this country has sustained in the death of its
chieftain and ruler, and mourn with you in
sorrow. Strangers as they are among you,
thev kindly appreciate tbe many kindnesses
received at your hands, and again beg leave
with greateful hearts to thank you.
In behalf of the China Boys.
Tbe Great London Fair.
The Great Industrial Exhibition which is to
be held in London next year, continues to en
gage a large share of public attention in Eur
ope. The Morning Chronicle says that five
thousond additional feet of room have been
allotted to the United States, and ten thousand
to Austria. Chines productions will occupy
five thousand feet. One hundred and seven
thousand and fifty feet Belgium is to have
twenty eight thousand eight hundred feet, and
has furnished a list of four hundred and
fifty exhibitors. Austria enumerates. six hun
dred and seventy seven exhibitors, of whom
one hundred and sixty are from Bohemia,
three hundred and sixty-six from Austria pro
per, and the remainder from Hungary, Lom
bards Venice, fec. France has turmsbed a
list of twelve hundred and nine exhibitors.
We see that Gov. Ford has appointed the
following gentleman from this State to co-op
erate with the central committee at Washing
ton, with reference to the exhibition, to wit:
M. L. Sullivant, President of the Ohio State
Agriculture Society, Columbus; S. Medary
Treasurer of same; N. B. Bateham, Secretary
of same; Joseph Sullivant, feter Hay den,
Arthur Watts, of Chilocothe; J. G. Gest of
Xenia. Chron. and Atlas.
Sir John Franklin.
The last news from Europe is that des
patches have been received from Sir John
Ross, slating that on the 13th of August three
Esquimaux were found on the ice off Cape
York, and on being questioned, they stated
that in the winter of 1846 two ships were bro
ken by the ice in the direction oi Cape Dud
ley Diggle, and afterwards burned by a fierce
tribe of natives; that the ships .in question
were not whalers, and that epaulets were worn
by some of the while men, that part of the
crew were drowned, that the remainder were
some time in houses or tents apart from the
natives; that they bad guns, but no balls, and
that being in a weak and exhausted condition.
they subsequently were killed by the natives
with darts and arrows.
The account is not received with full credit
The American ships in search of Sir John
Franklin had penetrated as far as any squad
The southern papers are exhorting the peo
ple to march to line of 36 30, with their coffins
on their backs. In sucb a tedious march
they would of course carry only what they
suppose they would need.
Stephen Girard said there was no trouble
in getting rich, after you had made the first
J. S. FOCRE, Editor.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1850.
We owe an appology to our readers
for the bad appearance which our paper has
made for two or three weeks past The ab
sence of the editor and sickness in the family
of one of the hands of the office is the cause.
We are informed that the Directors of the
Cleveland, Norwalk and Toledo Railroad are
now actively engaged in procuring the right
of way and locating the line westward from
this place. . So far the right of way nearly
through the townships of Lyme and Ridge
field, has been released, in every instance,
without charge, by the owners, and this favor
able feeling will, no doubt, be manifested in
Norwalk and the other towns through which
it will be located. The citizens of Toledo and
Fremont continue their efforts for this route.
The President, C. L. Boalt, Esq., we are in
formed, has made arrangements for its connec
tion with the Michigan Central Road, on the
most favorable terms; the officers of that com
pany declaring their most decided preference
for the Fremont and Norwalk line. We trust
that the efforts now making among our citi
zens to obtain additional subscriptions to the
stock of the road, will be cordially and liberally
responded to. Huron Reflector.
We understand that the above officers
passed through this place on Tuesday or
Wednesday of this week. We have not lear
ned with what success they meet with in pro
curing the right of way through this county,
but presume our citizens will be as liberal in
that respect as those of Huron county. We
trust the citizens of this county will lend their
mite to secure the building of this great con
templated thoroughfare through their midst
We are not able to state, with any definite
ness as yet, the result of the Gubernatorial
vote. Wood is probably elected by from
5,000 to 10,000. Smith had about 9,000
votes on the Reserve, and a few thousands off
of it The Legislature stands in the Senate,
Whigs, 18, Locofocos 16. Free Soilers 2; in
tbe House, Whigs 35, Locos 32, Free Soil 5.
Among the Whigs we class the Senator from
the Summit District, and three Representa
tives from Cuyahoga, Guernsey and Harrison,
who were elected by a union of Whigs and
Free Soilers. The two Free Soil Senators,
Randall and Sutliff, will vote with the Whigs
on most questions. They and four of the five
Free Soilers in the House, were elected on in
dependent f ree boil tickets; the faith was
chosen by Whigs and Free Soilers, in Mahon
In the Lucas District a Loco Representa
tive was returned by a majority of only half
a dozen votes. His seat will be contested by
the Whig candidate, and no doubt successfully
on the ground of illegal voting. If the contest
is succe8ful tbe Whigs will have just half of
each branch of the Legislature. The result
of the Congressional election is as follows :
Districts. Members Elected.
1. Hamilton, David T. Disney, Loco.
2. Butler. &c, Lewis D. Campbell Whig.
3. Mont'ry &c, Hiram Bell, W.
4. Locan &c, Benjamin Stanton, W.
5. Lucas &c, A. P. Edgertcn, L.
6. Seneca &c, Frederick F. Green, JL
1. Brown fec, Nelson Barrere, W. gain.
8. Ross &c, John L. Taylor, W.
9. Fairfield Ac, Edson B. Olds, L.
10. Franklin &c, Charles Sweetzer, L.
11. Richland &c, George IL Busby, L.
12. Athens fec, John Welch, W.
13. Morgan &c, James M. Gay lord, L.
14. Muk'um fec, Alexander Harper, W.
15. Belmont &c, Wm. F. Hunter, W.
1 6. Coshocton fec, John Johnson Independent
17. Jefferson &c, James Cabell, L.
18. Wayne &c, David K. Carter, L.
19. Summit &c, Eben Newton, W.
20. Ashtabula &c J. R. Giddmgs, F. S.
21. Lorain &c, N. S. Townshend, L.
The next delegation will stand, Whigs 9,
Locos 10, Independet 1, Free Soil 1 (Gid
dings.) Johnson (Independent Loco) was el
ected over Hoagland, one of the most arrant
Loco doughface in the present Congresss, by
the aid of tbe Whigs. The Locos have gained
Townshend in his district, and the Whigs
Barrere in the Brown district The election
of an Independent instead of a regular Loco,
in the Coshocton district, is therefore the only
change in the political cast of the new dele
Majority for Beard
Pensacola Cabell, (W.) 116 Beard (D.) 59
Gavy Yard, Cabell 47 Heard 107
To precincts to hear from, which w ill in
crease Cabbell's vote to 10 or 15 majority.
BANTA ROSA COUNTY.
At Milton, Cabell's majority over Beard is 3.
The remaining precincts will increase Cabell'
maiority to at least 50.
Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Florida
to his friend in this city.
'Your Whig flag has never been so success
ful, as far as heard from, in East Forida be
'St John and Putnam counties have given
Cabell a majority over Beard of 12 votes.
(Heretofore largely Democratic.)
'Duval county has give Cabell 57 majority.
'In Nassau county Cabell has a maiority.
'Marion county has given Cabell 56 majori
ty ; one small precinct to hear trom.
Hiram Powers, the American sculptor, has
cnmpleted a grand allegoricel figure of his
country. 1 he statue, a female, has a diadem
beneath her feet, and in her hand the cap of
liberty. The figure finds her support on the
fasces indicative, it is said of the fact that
justice is the true foundation of a free Com
monwealth. 1 he destination of the statue is
reported to be at Washington.
The cencus of this county has been
completed. There are 14,500 inhabitants,
being an increase of about 5000 since 1840.
As soon as the cencus man completes footing
up his books, we shall give a correct account.
Members of the Legislature.
- We are under obligations to Mr. Rice for
the following table of members elect of the
Legislature. It will be seen that he place
Lyman, of the Senate, and Williamson, of the
House in the Free Soil list, we suppose be
cause they were nominated by the Free Boil
ers. We put them in the Whig column be
cause they were nominated and elected by
Whigs. We think their votes will show them
Whigs on all questions of State policy. ,
Secretary or State's Okfice, )
Columbus, Oct. 24, 1850. j
Editor State Journal. I band you a cor
rect Ust of the members of the next legislature,
according to the returns to this office. . The
classification (politically) is according to my
understanding of tbe matter.
Yours, &c, L. L. RICE.
Allen, Mercer, Auglaize, Vanwert, Putnam
Paulding, Defiance and Williams James
Cunningham- - '
Ashtabula and Lake Brewster Ran
dall. Belmont and Monroe Wm. P. Simeon.
Butler Jonathan EUbourn.
Clark, Champaign and Madison Harvey
Clermont and Brown William Howard
Columbiana and Mahoning F. A. Block
som. Coshocton and Guernsey Andrew Fer
guson. Cuyahoga: Henery B. Payne.
Fairfield, Perry and Hocking Andretb
Franklin and Delaware Abraham Thom
Hamilton Lewis Broadwell, William S.
Highland and Fayette Ruel Beeson.
Huron and Erie Earl Bill.
Jackson, Gallia, Athens and Meigs Horace
Jefferson and Harrison Pinckney Lewis.
Knox and Holmes Lawrence Van Bus
kirk. Licking John C. Alward
LogBn.Hardin, Union and Marion William
Lucas Henry, Wood, Sandusky and Otta
wa James Myers.
Miami, Darke and Shelby James H.Hart
Medina and Lorain Nathan P. Johnson.
Montgomery and Preble Moses B. Walker.
Morgan and Washington George W. Bar
Muskingum Charles C. Convers.
Portaee and Summit Darius Lyman.
Richland and Crawford Barnabas Burns
Ross and Pickaway Joseph H. Geiger, in
place of Chancey N. Olds, resigned.
Scioto, Lawrence, Adams and Pike Wm.
Stark John Schertzer.
Seneca, Hancock and Wyandot Michael
Trumbull and Geauga Milton Sutliff.
Tuscarawas and Carroll EphraimR. Eck
Warren. Greene and Clinton David Lin
ton, in place of Aaron Harlan, resigned.
Elected last year.
Whigs (in Roman) 1 7 ; Democrats (in Ital
ics) 16; Free Soilers (in small caps) 3.
Adams and Pike John M. Smith.
Ashtabula and Lake John F. Morse,
Samuel Plumb. . ...
Athens and Meigs Nelson H. Van Vorhes.
Athens, Meigs, (jallia and Jackson Heze
kiah S. Bnndy.
Belmont Arcbbold U. Kamage.
Belmont and Guernsey James J. Grimes.
Brown rto B. JPee.
Butler John. Carr.
Carroll and Tuscarawas Thomas J. Fra-
zier, John H. Tripp.
Champaign, Clark and Madison John L.
Burnett, James Kay burn.
Clermont Dennis jjmiih.
Clinton Robert B. Harlan.
Coshocton Samuel Willianson.
Dark and Shelby John Lenox.
Defiance, Putnam, Paulding, Vanwert and
Williams Wilson H. Snook.
Delaware Joseph Keene
Fairfield Christian Baker.
Fairfield, Perry and Hocking Napoleon
Fayette and Highland Otho Williams.
Franklin Charles Eaton.
Franklin and Deleware Wray Thomas.
Gallia and Jackson Pennell Cherrington.
Geauga and Trumbull More C. Bradley,
Gamaliel H. Kent.
Greene William B. Fairchild.
Guernsey Alexander Mitchell.
Hamilton Peter Zinn, James Iliff, John
Bennett John Schiff, Andrew Davidson.
Hancock and Wyandot Henry Bishop.
Harrison Marshall McCalL
Hocking' and Perry Charles W. fames.
Huron and Erie De Morris Pratt
Jefferson David Johnston.
Knox and Holmes Eli Glasgo, Samuel F.
Licking Richard H. Yates.
Logan and Hardin Oden Hayes.
Lorain Hiram Thompson.
Lucas and Henry Samuel H. Steedman.
Mahoning George Pow.
Marion and Union Philander B. Cole.
Medina James Johnston..
Mercer, Allen and Auglaize William
Miami Henry S. Mayo.
Monroe James Okey.
Montgomery Thomas Dodds.
Montgomery and Preble John E. Thomas.
Morgan Ezra McKee.
Muskingum William Morgan.
Preble Beniah H. Alexander.
Portage Lorin Bigeloa. f
Richland and Crawford William Bush
nell, Clark H. Ward
Ross and Pickaway John Cochran, Mat
thew S. Cook.
Sandusky, Wood and Ottawa Eber Wil
Scioto and Lawrence Oscar F. More.
Seneca Jacob Decker.
Stark Samuel Kryder.
Summit Nathaniel Finch.
Warren John A. Dodds
Washington Ebenezer Battelle, jun.
Wayne and Ashland Charles R. Deminy.
Whigs in Roman 34; Democrats in Ital
ic 32; Free Soilers in small capitals 6.
Members of the last Legislature.
The readers of the Freeman will please
notice Mr. Betts' advertisement in another
column, and then call at his store and examine
his goods. He undoubtedly sells as chap as
any of 'em, and an excellent article of goods.
Great men are cenerallv so by one great
I act, or this it father to all the rest
It is conceded on-all sides that- Daniel F.
Miller, Whig, U elected to congress in the 1st
district of Iowa, to fill the vacancy caused by
sending hbme William Thompson, the sitting
member who obtained his place by the instru
mentality of his friends in stealing one of the
poH books where a large majority was given
against him, and by his own agency in con
cealing them after they were given to him.
The election was contested by Mr. Miller, but
a party majority, at the same time that they
refused to give him the seat to which he was
entitled, also refused to permit Thompson to
sit any longer witn them, tie was sent home.
and now tbe people have done justice to Mr.
Miller.by giving a majority of at least five hun
dred votes over Thompson. This must be re
garded as settling the question against a reck
less party in the house and also against Mr.
Thompson. St Louis Rep
o 1 . '
Baltimore Election. Mr. Jerome, the
Whig candidate for mayor of Baltimore, re
ceived 9,958 to 9,261 for Mr. Turner the
Democrat candidate. Whig maiority 857.
The council is politically divided as follows:
First branch, 8 12
Second branch, 4 6
Cholera in Steubenvtlle Twenty cases
and Twelve Deaths. A private despatch
from Steubenville, informs us "that since Fri
day last there were twenty cases of Cholera in
that town, twelve of which had proved fatal
saving not one half, As might be expected,
great excitment prevails there."
Ihis would look like a most fearful and un
timely return ot this fell disease. . There must
something peculiar in the drains, trenches or
standing pools about that ill-fated town, to pro
duce sucb a sudden and sweeping mortality
as this. Cleve. Plain Dealer 21st
a way they have. some of tbe women
at Jenny Ltnd's last Concert in Boston, fainted
and were taken intojher apartment,where they
received ber personal attention. It was well
mat tms was not announced at tbe time, or
half the men would have fainted loo.
Florida sends only one representative to
the house of representatives E. C. Cabell,
Whig. His election to the next congress is
contested by John Beard, Democrat, and a
warm and exciting controversy is now going
on. It will been seen by the following cards
that other than mere party issues are involved
in the contest: .
"In the Florida Republican of the 15 inst,
I am charged with the decrlaration that I
would prefer a dissolution of the Union to the
passage of the late bill, now, do more, which
was misnamed the compromise bill.
I acknowledge the declaration and shall
plead justification. JOHN BEARD."
"Major Beard is for 'a dissolution of the
Union' because of the passage of the Texas
boundary, California and Territorial bills,
which together make up the 'omnibus' or
'compromise bill.' am not The issues are,
union or disunion I am for Union ; peace or
war am for peace. E. C. CABELL."
".The New York Tribune publishes an
interesting account of omnibus statistics, from
which it appears that there are 22 different
routes, 500 coaches, 3000 horses, 40 owners,
700 drivers, 500 mechanics and laborers, 7,
500 persons supported by the business, 4000
passages are made per day, 20,000 miles are
traveled daily and 6,250,000 per annum,
75,000 passengers carried daily and 33,250,
000 in the year; the yearly receipts estimated
at $1,500,000. V
News Boys' Association. The news boys
of Albany have formed themselves into a so
ciety : a meeting having recently been held
for that purpose, at which officers were elect
ed, and the constitution and by-laws adopted.
One of the provisions regulate tbe price of
newspapers,and another has reference to their
action in certain contingencies, as the 6th sec
tion, which reads as follows :
"Should any member of the society 'get
into a muss,' the rest are bound to 'go in' and
help him out or pay a fine of twelve cents."
Marriage. Nature and Nature's God
smile propitiously upon the union that is
sweetened by love and sanctified by tbe law.
The sphrere of our affection affections is en
larged, and our pleasures take wider range.
We become more important and respected
among men. and existence itself is doubly en-
joed with our softer self. Misfortune loses
halt its anguish benea'.h tbe soothing influence
of her smiles, and triumph becomes more
triumphant when shared with her. Without
her what would be a man? A roving and
restless being, driven at pleasure by romantic
speculation, and cheated into misery by futile
hopes, tbe mad victim ot untamed passion, and
the disappointed pursuer of fruitless joys.
cut with her he awakens to a new life, He
follows a path wider and nobler than the nar
row road to seltaggrandizement that is
scattered with more fragrant flowers, and illu
minated with a clearer light Anon.
Fatal Balloon Ascension.
' The Bordeaux papers give an appalling ac
count of the fatal termination of Lieut Gale's
balloon ascention horseback, from the Hippo
drome of Vincennes, in the neighborhood of
the city, on Sunday, Sept 8. Lieut Gale had
succeeded in reaching the ground with his
pony, when the people who came to assist him,
misunderstanding his directions, after the po
ny was released, let go the ropes. The unfor
tunate aeronaut hanging on by his hands to a
rope, was instantly caught up into the
balloon, which continued ascending for up
wards of a mile. The next day a corpse was
discovered in the direction which the balloon
had taken, which was identified aa that of
Lieut Gale. :
John Adams, expresident of the United
States, being called upon for a contribution
for Foreighn Mission, said :
'1 have nothing to give tor that purpose
but there are in this vicinity six ministers, no
one of whom will preach in tbe other's pulpit
Now I will give as much as any one else and
more, to civilize these clergymen'.
A man's nature is indicated by his dress.
The open-hearted man wears his clothes loose
and comfortable, while narrow -contracted men
sport neatness and white chockers, tied very
Never ask a favor of a man who wears his
cravat tight, v
Mississippi. The Grenada (Miss.) Repub
lican says that tbo proclamation of Gov. Quit
man, convening the Legislature,, was received
there with 'universal astonishment' and thus
far the editor had not "heard a single person
approve the step."
A Short Acquaintance An Interest
. inKYouof Ladr,
At a late ball in this city, a gentleman hav
ing danced with a young lady, whose attrac
tions both personal and conversational, seemed
to have made an impression on his sensibili
ties, asked, on leading her to a seat, if he might
have the pleasure of 'seeing her on the follow
ing day ?
'Why, no sir,' replied the fair one. I shall
be engaged to-morrow evening; but I'll tell
you when you can see me.'
'I sball.be most happy exclaimed tbe
stricken swain. . v f ,:
Well, on Saturday night,' resumed the la
dy, 'you can see me at the lower meat market,
on Main street I shall go there after our
meat for Sunday. 1,1 ..
if the young man is wise, hell be there for
certain, for that girl will make him a good wife.
. . . . Kacine Com. Adv.
. Sews Items.
The aggregate value' of the real and person
all estate in the county of New York i $386
090,675, being nearly $30,000,000 more than
the valuation of last year.-
Twenty-seven Banks in Boston, with an
aggregate capital of $18,920,000, will pay in
dividends, Oct 7, $735,800. '
Tbe first ticket for Jenny Lind's first con
cert in Providence, R. L, was bid off at auction
by Ross, the well known Express man, at
$650. ' "
Just before leaving New York, Jenny Lind
sent one thousand dollars to the Swedish Epis
copa 1 Church, now being erected in Chicago
she having learned that the church was em
barrassed. In 1836, there were not 5000 white inhabi
tants between Lake Michigan and the Pacific
Ocean. Now there are over 1,000,000.
Church Full. An Ex-Governor relates a
good story of a man whose life had not been
entirely unspotted, who applied foradmission
into his church. Unwilling to offend him, and
yet not inclined to receive him, the deacon re
plied "The church is full just now, when
there is a racaneyl will notify you!' . i
In the year 1550, ' the Brazilian planters
raised and sent to Market .400,000 bags, or
64,000,000 pounds of Coffee; and in-1847,
the enormous quantity of nearly three hun
dred millions of pounds. , '.'
In Virginia, there are only 70 newspapers
published. In Pennsylvania,' there are 318
dailies and weeklies, besides monthlies and
quarterlies , -,, .... ..-.-
, Sixteen thousand vessel come yearly in
to the harbor of Liverpool, and carry out
3,400,000 tonof freight v '-
Quick Passaqx. The Steamer Pacific re
cently made the passage accross the Atlantic
from Liverpool to New York in ten days and
five hours four hours quiekcr than any other
steamer ever made. ' ' '" - - '
There is said to be a negro woman in Vir
ginia who has not the least vestige of an ear,
the orifice being entirely, and yet she can hear
distinctly by opening her mouth. . s
The government of Brazil has at last abol
ished the slave trade lately carried on more
extensively with that nation than with any
How brightly do little joys beam upon a
soul which stands on a ground .darkened by
the clouds of sorrow ! as stars come forth from
the empty sky when we look up to them from
a deep welL -
The more honesty a man has, the less he
affect the air of a saint; the affectation of
sanctity is a blotch on the face of piety.
Some men are like unmanageable ships.
They have every rope but the most needful
of all, and that is : the one which guides
ths rudder. .
Let a man be treated as a brute, and he
will become more brutish than a brute, but aa
rational being, and he will show that he is so.
Slanderer a person of whom the Greeks
showed a due appreciation, when the made
the word synonomous with devil. '
Tbe present is a bright speck between the
darkness of the future, and the twilight of the
Discontent unhappiness at the non-possession
of that, of which possession would not
make us happy. - - "
The young lady that was "as full of trem
bling as au aspen," because a man happened
to see her tie her garter eloped - the other
night with her father's hostler. They spend
their honey moon on the canal.
Combatiyeness. Bentley's Miscellany gives
the following illustration of Irish combativeness
"Oeh! murther! nine o'clock at Donny brook
fair, and divil a fight yet! Will anybody haVe
tbe kindness to tread on tbe tail of my coat
Down jspon the darkies. The HomeJour-
nal has the impudence to utter the following:
Ihe truth is, that God never yet lit the name
of a great soul in a dark lantern.'
t3T A colored woman died at Mobile, Al
abama, last week, over 1 00 years of age. She
left behind a numerous offspring, having a
son who has had 43 children by three wives.
$3T A calculating 'down eastern' estimates
that there are now in the United States, over
three million signs bearing that cold-blooded
inscription 'No Credit!!', j
Philosophy is the account which the human
mind gives to itself of the constitution of the
Silence never shows itself to' so great an
advantage, as when it is made the reply to
calumny.. . i-",. .. . ... S . ' ' T" i
Nonsense sense that happens . to differ
from our own. - !
Whatever is good.is worthy of preservation,
is worthy of cultivation. The little germ of
truth you throw by the wayside will not be lost
it shall not perish, no ! it will be guarded
and nurtured by angels, and shall flourish for
FREMONT PRICE CURRENT. ,
Wheat per buahel... 70
Flour per barrel - 4 00
Corn per boahel ..................3T"
Oata per buahel - 30
Butter per pound. ........ ..8
E(fgs per dozen .... .-6 .
Cheese per pound..... . .... ....... 10
Lard per pound
Salt per barrell... ... 1 19
Hidee per pound 4 8
Flaxseed per bushel..'.'.. ---.,-. -.88
Timothy seed per bn 1 25'
Clover seed per bo..... ..........3 00
Pork per barrell . ......11 00
Hams smoked per pound.... ............. 06
Beans per bushel 1 00
potatoes per bushel.... .... i ... .37 :.
Onions per bushel. ... . ..-.. ...50
Apples (f reeu 25 .
Apples dried.... .................... .. 50
Beeswax per pound........ 30
Tallow per pound ...7
Slaves Pipes per M.. $I420
. Hhdper M lOali
" BblperM..... v.... ....9a 19
Blackwalant Lumber per M.... 8al2