Newspaper Page Text
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, NOVEMBER 2, isso.
J. S. For&E, Editor and Publisher.
The Freimav, is published every Saturday morn
ing Office In Bucktand'a Brick Building third
lory; Fremont, Ssudusky 6ounty,-Ohio.
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JOB PUIVTIXG OFPICEi
We are now prepared to execute to order in
neat and expeditions manner, mid upoa the fairest
serins; almost alt desanpttotis of
But Heads, ,
Bills of Lading, '.
Ball Tickets, etc., ktc.
We wrnild say to those of our friends who are in
want of such work, you need not go abroad to pet
n oone, wnen it can ne done just as irood at home
SOXS OF TEJIPEBAXCE,
Fort Stkphekson Division, No. 432. Stated
.fleeting, wverv Tuepdav eveninjr at the Division
Hootn in the old Northern Exchange.
. I. O. O. K. .
Crogvah Loikiic, o. 77, meetn at the Odd Fel
Tows' Hull, m rJucKlaud s IfricR .Duildinir, everv
Saturday svenieg. -
MANUFACTURERS OF .- "
Copper, Tiu, and Sliect-iron Ware,
AND DKALESS IN "
Stores, Wool, Hides, Sheep-pelts. Rags,
',- Old Copper, Old Stoves, &c., fcc:
ALSO, ALL SORTS OF GENUINE YANKEE NOTIONS
' .Pease's Brick Block, JYe. 1. '
' -1 FREMONT, OHIO. 32
STEPHEX Bl'CKLAXl) & CO.,
.' - " ' DEALERS IN
- Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Dje-StulTs,
Books, Stationaay, Ac:
w FREMONT, OHIO.
EDWAKD V. MCKLOX
; Attorney anrt CoiiiisoI!oratL:tw:
:. W . FREMONT, OHIO.
Office Onedeor aouth of A. B. Tavlorf sorc. ttr
stairs. '. Aug. 31, 18.")0.
, OXiD WINTER IS COMIAtJ.
BT JOSEPH ANTHONY, JR.
Old winter is coming old winter o drear .
ilis heralds, unwelcome, proclaim he is near;
There's I wail on the'blnst, there an-voices tllateav.
.tTlL. . .. ........ .. - '
" a ue spirit oi summer is passing away."
Sweet evening! the balm of thy breexe is o'er,
And bleak is the blast on mountain and moor;
There's shadow and gloom in the depths of the dell,
And the trees of the forest are moaning farewell.
Old winter is eominp.once more to reioice-
In his robing of snow and his trappings of ice ' -The
dreariest of despots, who bends to his sway,
aweei sister oi summer, tne Deautnul day.
Dear evening! with thee no more on the preen
In joyance of sport are the villagers seen;
And the music of childhood, iu gambols no more,
la borne on the breeze from the cottager's door.
All silent and chill not a bird on the bough
Is heard forth to warble his vesper him now;
Not a caw from the rook as he wineeth his flieht
O'er meads where are creeping the shadows of night
Old Winter is coming old Winter so drear .
His heralds, unwelcome, proclaim he is near;
Theres a wall on the blast, there are voices thatsav
'The spirit of Summer is passing away."
ft! iscella neons.
ItALI'II P. BITKIiASB:.
- Attorney and ConnstUor at law,
:And Solicitor in Chancery, will attend to ' rofess
. ionat business in Sandusky and adjoining counties.
Office Second story of Bnekland'e Block.
; - - FREMONT, OHIO. J
JOH li. GBEEXE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
And Proseculing Attorney, for Sandusky county,
' will attend to all professional business entrusted lo
Sia care, with promptness and fidelity.
Office In the second story of Buckland's Block.
' FREMONT, OHIO. ,- '
Attorney and Counsellor at Iiaw,
And Solicitor in Chancery, will carefully attend
u all professional business left in hischarpe. Ht
will also attend to the collection of claims fec- in
hi and adjoining counties.
: .Office Second story Buckland's Block.
'. FREMOMT, OHIO. - , 1
Attorney and Counsellor at Lnw.
Will pive his undivided attention to- professional
business iu Gandnstcy ana ine aajommg coajues.
Office Over OppBuheiaiers Store.
' FKEMONT, OHIO. - "
JiU. M UAXA,
; PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
TENDERS his professional services to the eiti
zens of Fremont and adjacent conntry. ;
Office One door north of E. Leppelman's Jew
Iry Store, where he will cheerfully attend to any
calls, except when absent on professional duty.
June 24. 1850. -
IiA Q.. HAWSOXt
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Office North side of the Turnpike, nearly oppo
site the rost utnee. -
: S v -
, . . FREMONT. OHIO. " f 14
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEO,
Respectfully tenders his professional services to
the citizens ot r remont and vicinity.
Office One door north of E. N. Cook's Store.
: Mutual Fire Insurance Company.
- , It. P. BUCKrAari, Agent:
" . ' - - FREMONT, OHIO.
POST OFFICE HOURS.
'The remoter Post Office hours, until further no
tree will be as follows: -'.
From 7 to 12A.M. and from 1 to 8 P. M. --
Sundays from 8 to 9 A M, and from 4 to 5 P M
. : W. M. STARK, P. M.
;i ;. I arm lo Li't! -. i
H - CJEVERAL FARalS.near Fremont, and conve-
U nient to the l urnpihe, UT 1 O Hl;i T. jq
Some of these have Eiehty to Ninety acres clear
ed thereon, with comfortable Houses, Barns etc. '
Enquireof SAML CROWELL,
Oeneral Land Agent
Moshalungej March 2, 1850 51-5
A. F. & F. VAXDERC00K:
MERCHANTS AND DEALERS
Tn all kinds of Produce;
At the Old Stand
; Eormerlj occupied by Dickenson & V.Doren.
1 -. weeemoer ia. 1B4. .
TIIE choicest Liquors and Wines for Medicinal
and Mechanical purposes for sale at
Doleful Case A Police Sketch,
Samuel Doleful was a short, thin little man,
with a small narrow chest, long arms, waspish
legs, big face, with large blue point oister eyes,
square nose, white as chalk and tipped with
red at the end, wide mouth, broad chin and
dingy brown hair. The charge against him
was beint; poor nrid the charge was support
ed by unanswerable witnesses. A tattered
coat that once might hare been black hut now
faded to a dingy brown, was buttoned over
his narrow chest np to his neck and his pipe-
stem legs were encased in coarse corderoy,
dovetailed with bits of cassimere; beaverteen,
&c., in the way of patches.
bamuel, said the ludge, I believe I shall
have to eive vou thirtv davs. Indeed in vour
present situation, you ought to be glad of the
Samuel Glad! who talks of glad ? " I was
born doleful, I have lived doleful, and I intend
to die doleful, if I don't bust me. -
Judge Don't swear, Samuel, don't swear.
bamuel looked hard at the judge, and then
wipea a portion ot his right eye with his coat
tail. - .. ..
I was born weeping. My daddy used to
chaw wormwood after I was born, and moth
er made a practice of getting drunk on vine
gar. When I was a boy the folks wouldn't
let me nuss their children, 'cause they said I
give 'em the 'spepsy, I looked so sour. When
was at school 1 got all the lickings, and when
got married, my wife said if we had children
they'd be walking vinegar casks if tbey were
boys, and if they was gala, they'd be nothTosr
but jugs of cream and tarter, set on legs, to
physic the whole world with their solencholly
faces. If she didn't say so, bust me.
Judge Don't swear, Samuel. Let me ad
vise you ; wouldn't it be better for you to
make a respectable man of yourself?
barauel Y hat s the use ot making your-
elf respectable, when any feller has a right
to slander you, and make you respectable
Judge You might go to work Samuel.
Samuel What's the use of working when
only makes you tired? -Judge
You might put on a clean shirt
now and then.
Samuel What's the use of puttin' on a
clean shirt when it only gets dirty agin?
; Judge You'might sleep in a house like a
ftamuel w hat s tne use ot sleeping in a
house, and pay rent, when a board pile an
swers just as well? "
Judge If you'd made a respectable man
of yourself your wife would have staid with
you, and you would have had a nice family of
children around you. -
oamuel W hat s the use ol having children
when they only sasses you 7 And it they
doesent sass you, they're always gottin' the
measles or whoopin cough, they catches cold
and snuffles out of all character, and all the
towels in the house as ain't used for diapers,
is took for pocket handkerchiefs; if they ain't,
bust me. - .... .
Judge take him below.
: Samuel Take Lira below; That's tlie way
it's always been. I've al ways been took be
low, and when I die I s'pose I'll be took be
low If I won't bust vie. Exit
Railroad vs. Matrimony..
Jerry Nobs," according to the Cincinnati
Dispatch, met with an adventure on the rail
road a few frosty mornings ago. His slumbers
were disturbed by the hilarity of a wedding
party. The lady, he siys, was rather pretty,
with a dimple on the end of ner nose. The
bridgeroom was encased in a rather uncom
fortable new suit. The incident was this:
At the Willow Springs the cars made a
short stop a stay of two minutes. ' The gen
tleman just married thought he would step
out, take a look at the country and exercises
his limbs. While he was engaged in this
pleasant occupation, the cars started. Jerry
was on the platform of the last car when this
casuality occurred. He saw the gentleman
start as the cars did. lie beard a scream
the lady rushed out, and Jerry had just time
to eaten her, and so prevent a tearful leap.-
ine cars were speeding on, and the lover
was panting behind. The cars gained on the
husband, but the husband still run. The
scene at this moment, says Jerry, was inten
sely exciting, but by no means promising.
The young husband stnbbed his toe and fell,
but gathered up again - was on a gallop.
Jerry pulled the rope that runs along the top
of the cars, but fatal mistake, the locomotive
increased its speed. ."Edward, oh! Edward,"
screamed the bride. ; '
"Anna Maria," came faintly borne upon
the breeze, and the husband disappeared in
the distance. The lady fainted.
Railroads go ahead of canal and rivers, and
and in this instance, ahead of matrimony it
THE THREE JOI1YY CAPTAI3VS
A story of Osiian JE. Dodge, who bought the
$625 Jenny Lmd ticket at Boston.
Dodge is an extremely funny fellow, and
can take off the Yankee as natural as life. The
Spirit of the Times has a good story about
Dodge's travels on the Mississippi river. He
one day went on board a steamboat bound
down to New Orleans, dressed in Yankee cos
tume. The captain of the boat was much
amused at the confident assurance of the
green yankee, as he supposed his passenger
to be. It so happened that there was then on
board the boat three other captains of as ma
ny dinerent steamers which had been laid up
in low water. These jolly captains were guests
ot our captain to whom the green yankee now
introduced himself. .,
'Heow d'yr dew V said Dodge, squeezing
I,rt .nni.:ni. T.nn An l. i l ii.
m.w v-u.Jkrtjn o liaiiu, a3 tic jcauueu over me
office window for the fare. 'Wall, I've cum
aboard, and you look as though you was all
right here, eh ? I 'spose you'll take keer of
my fiddle ; (handing the trunk into the cap
tain's window,) be sure and not let nobody
tich it, for I love the old fiddle better than all
the gals you could skeer up round here."
Certainly, sir,' replied the captain, chuck.
ling to himself, as be thousht of the fun ahead
which he and his friends would be able toeet
oui or mis queer yankee passenger.
As the evening advanced, the steamboat
captains quizzed the green yankee to their
neans- content. Me took all their jokes in
gooa part, and witn the best relish imaginable.
Indeed, the more they talked to him the
squashier he appeared in their eves. Havinsr
treated the yankee to several punches, one of
ine party proposed cards. . He declared he
knew nothing about keerds, and it was agin
his principles to gamble. Well, then, 'the
captains would play a little together, and he
might look on and see how he liked it" The
game proposed was changing Jack,' and the
captains, with a wink, went on with the game,
ine green yannee looking over their playing.
Alter a snort time, lie got excited, and, ad
dressing a methodistical looking man, who
undarstood what the jolly captains were after,
be said: .
'I say, yeou ! look here ; I don't know noth-
in' about keerds, but I'm willin' to risk a heap
oi money on tnat 'ere game, just tor a benevo
lent purpose, for that aint gambling, is it ?'
'Oh, no, certainly not,' replied the man,
who could now hardly keep from roaring with
laughing, on witnessing how easily the Yan
kee was to be caught ;
'Very well I'm with you stranger ex
claimed one of the captains, snapping his fin
gers in a devil-may care sort of manner;
there s plenty more money where this came
from, and I'm willing to risk all I've get in the
world, that I can change the Jack of Spades
while under your hand, into the iack of clubs.
and that you can't tell, by the sense of feeling, I
wnen tne spade takes its departue.: Deahncr
aL- J L't,, . .. 'P
iue cartis orisniy lie soon turned up the Jack
oi -spaaes. ;
lou see that is the Jack of spades.' said
ne, lurnmg to JUoage.
is that ere spot genewine ?' said Dodtre.
wetting his finger and touching the spade at
tue uuau oi iue jacK.
'You find it so, don't you ?' pressing it close
who nis tnumo to prevent it trom movinc.
- ai, yeas, ii -pears to De so now go on
with the show, for I want tew make some mo
ney alfired bad," said Dodge, taking hold
with both hands of what appeared to be the
leg of the Jack of spades.
V ery well, then,' said the captain,
A western editor thus notices a little event
which transpired in bis own family on the
glorious Fourth of July, last, of which he
give the following details: Private and con
fidential. - Joy to the world) Sound the hew
gag! the event happened on the glorious
birth-day of American Independence ! It
will add new lustre to the Fourth of July in
after ages! It is uncommon noun 1 1 1 sin
gular number ! ! ! 1 masculine gender 1 ! ! ! !
He shall be called George Washington Jeffer
son Jackson Hancock Tom Benton Martin Van
Buren John Quincy Adams Benjamin Frank
lin Forth of July Jenks, so be shalL" -
the pack over, 'now pull the card, and keep
u oonom siae upward. ....
Dodge pulled the apparent Jack of spades
out on tne taDle, holding his left hand ouer it,
while with the other he took off his bellcrown
ed hat, and sweeping the card off between the
palm of both hands, had the appearance of
placing tne drawn card into the top of the old
beaver, but, in fact, bad it only into the folds
oi tne old bandana, upon which he placed his
J.,. .Vl- r.L i . . -.1 . .
uuuuie iisi, remarking at ine lime
'By ginger ! ef yeo kin cit that air Jack o'
spades eout of that air hat I hope I may be
siunea 10 aeatn witn. piled unyunsl'
In order that the reader can understand
how the Yankee fixed this card, it should be
known that he had watched the game with
the expectation of the result that followed
and he had cautiously taken a Jack of spades
from another pack of cards lying at the bar,
and concealed it in the ton of his hat He
knew this trick like a book, and he also knew
that the card .he took from the captain's pack
was ingeniously cnangeo oetore he -took it.
While, therefore, -the ' whole party were
laughing at the verdancy of the victim, Dodge
took from his pocket a large fack-knife, and
opening it with his teeth, held it over the hat,
and taking out the bandana, which held the
card he had drawn from the pack, he tabbed
the blade of the knife clear through the other
card and crown ot the hat into the table, ex
claiming . . . -. .
'JL)ang my buttons, ef I keer for the hat
I'll jab her anvbow ! cause, If I make a hull
lot of money, even if 'tis for a beneverlents, I
kin buy a new hat. -
1 he yankee was now holding on the knife,
and looking as if he expected every minute
that the hat would take wings when the af
fair got wind, and a crowd of passengers,
smoking something extraordinary rich, gath
ered around the party, and revealed by their
anxious faces, that every one aboard had now
become deeply interrested in the result of the
'Now, then,' says our captain, looking the
victim sharply in the eyes, and holding up bis
ngnt arm, wmie Hoe repeated in slow and
measured tones, as solemn as a High Sheriff
at a public execution 'now then, my friend,
prepare for the miracle:,
"Now look out for tricks that's strange
Hocus, pocus, presto change!"
"I'll be ker-walloped lo death with cabba
ges, old feller! if that air keerd is changed
anyhow !' says Dodge. ,
"I'll go a thousand dollars that it did, ',' says
the captain 'and that the card that your
knife is now sticking through, is the Jack of
1 'Wal, I corned eout West here for to buy a
considerable of a farm, and ef I kin make a
thousand dollars in one pile, I s'pose I mought
as well dew it; but mind, neow, I don't call it
bettin', for that would be wicked, and I only
take this 'ere thousand dollars for a benever
lent purpose, but as fa-atber used to say 'in
for a pence, in for a pound' so here goes.'
Suiting the action to his words, Dodge de
liberately drew from an inside vest po.cket, an
old greasy wallet, and taking therefrom ten
one hundred dollar bills, on. a Philadelphia
bank, held them in his hand, and exclaimed
'Well, neow, yeou feller ! ef yeou're deter
mined to throw away yeour money where
yeou don't stand no chance a winnin,' jest pull
eout yeour dough !'
Dodge had meanwhile been gazing intently
in the hat, aud a person not acquainted with
the peculiar twinkle of his large eyes, would
have sworn that he had seen nothing else for
the last five minutes. He then addressed the
captain of the boat:
Cap'n, I want you to hold these 'ere thou
sand dollars, and as a man of honor, in the
presence of these 'ere passengers, see that fair
play is did to a stranger.'
'I would rather have nothing- to do with the
, ,. ... . . . c - --
anair, replied tne captain 'but, if you wish
tor me to hold the stakes, I will do so, and
call upon my passengers to see that every
thing is honorable.'
Well, captain,' exclaimed the playing cap
tain, in a voice ioua enougn to De beard by all
present, 'there's a thousand dollars in current
bills and gold to cover the Yankee's pile.
'See that it's genewine, captain, and
geouging, said Dodge.
-jxu ngnv replied tne captain, 'and now.
gentlemen, please inform me, loud enough for
an to near, me precise character ot the bet"
ell, that air chap there, what's got red
whiskers and big watch chain, and mv own
sen, wnat oon't want to hev it called bettin
puts up in yeour hand, one thousand dollars
each, and ef that ere keerd- in that air hat,
with that air knife tabbed throue-h it is the
jacK oi spaoes, the null two thousand dollars
i mine, but if that air keerd, in that air hat,
with that air knife jabbed throue-h it is the
Jack of clubs, then the tew thousand dollars
is his'n aint that right veou fellow ?'
'That is perfectly right gentlemen." replied
the playing captain, drawing his hand across
his mouth to hide a laugh, and edging around
sideways, for he could hardly keep in. 'Yes,
captain, the Yankee's statement is correct"
lhe idea of a verdant nutmeg vankee put-
ing up a thousand dollars on the cut throat
game of "changing Jack," was so extremely
ludicrous, when added to the fact, that it was
all done as an act of benevolence to give the
, - .
money in cnaruy, tbat the crowd could only
1 .L. .... ... J
uy tue greatest exertion, retrain trom yelling.
ne captain oi ice Doat, who, or course, ex
pressed a firm belief that the vankee must.
beyond a doubt, get the entire two thousand
dollars, here winked to the clerk of the bar.
and smacked his lips with hilarity, as much as
to say 'Juleps for the crowd at my expense,
in a lew minutes, my boy.'
iwo ot the playing captains very slyly per
formed a few mysterious gyrations with the
fingers, such as imitating the cutting of the
throat, a rope around the neck, and a dive into
the nver, three very common ways of com
mitting suicide, and too often adopted by
young adventurers from the north an east.
who blindly stake their all after falling into the
hands of these Western river chaps. Smiling
at the earnestness and unbounded confidence
of the heartless cut-throats, whose slightest
movement bad not escaped bis eagle eye,
Dodge merely remarked 'Let tbem laf that
wins; theres tew sides to all jokes; tew sides
to this keerd, and tew sides tew all of yeour
mourns tew Jan eout ot, so here she comes.'
Drawing out the knife ank turning over the
card, to the astonishment ot tue entire crowd
it. was the JacK ot spades! As the captain
passed the money over to Dodge, the lower
jaws of the disappointed sharpers fell about a
feet, and almost simultaneously exclaimed 'A
yanKee tncK, by Jupiter!'
The crowd, who were bound to have a good
time any way, and more especially now that
the joke was so much richer than was expect
ed, were in a collapsed state they yelled.
cheered, and shouted until the cabin fairly
shook again. The boat soon after landing
again for wood, at a small yard on the banks
ot the river, the trio of sharp captains took
their departue for up river settlements, think
ing undoubtedly, that there would be a sud
den rise on the river soon ; and as the boat
slowly moved away from her moorings, they
cast a glance on her hurricane deck, where
stood the comical Dodge, giving imitations of
a cu t across the throat, a rope around the neck,
and a dive into the river. Should any Yan
kee ever ask either of the trio to relate that
thrilling "story that'll do lo tell" he will be
chalked free of charge the whole length of the
A Strange Visitor.
A few days ago, say the Galena Jefferson
ian, our office was visited by a most extraordi
nary character. Vv hue we were occupied
in writing a few lines, he dropped in upon us
with a loud "how do you do, old fellow ?"
His eyes a piercing as daggers, but rather
small, were continually in motion, and his
crooked nose was surmounted with a pair of
green spectacles, in bis mouth was a cigar
as big as a Dutch sausage. We inquired what
we could do tor him. "JNothing," said he,
"but I can do a great deal for you." Here
he took out of his capacious pocket a bundle
of papers which he placed on our table and
without allowing us time to say a single word.
gave us the tollowing account of himself.
ne is an eauor; ne nas written lor one
hundred newspapers; and he is acquainted
with the scandal of every city or village.
He was engaged in the Mexican war; took
20 horses from the enemy: killed 75 Mexi
can;s made 90 prisoners; captured 3 nags;
escaped irom a wnoie Mexican regiment,
which had surrounded him : and has been
shipwrecked five times. He has received
21 wounds, and has had seven horses killed
under him. He can make conundrums by the
thousand ; disfigure any passage so as to make
ii appear original; reaa me wnoie proot ot a
newspaper in ten minutes; write advertise
ments in a new style; and show the 'elephant'
to any who would oppose him. He can
speak and write French, German, Latin, Greek'
Hebrew, and bpanish. He has written ser
mons for clergymen, speeches for lawyers, and
has a peculiar knack of writing love-letters.
He is a first rate shot; never misses his man,
either with his pen or his barker. He is par
ticularly clever at teazing people; he can play
with any one just as a cat would with a mouse,
and swallow him as easy as a shell oyster.
Here the gong of the American House was
heard. It never sounded more musical in
our ears, for our strange visitor rose sudden
ly and departed with the rapidly of lightning,
leaving his card on our table
"John Savage, American House."-
A country girl in writing home about the
Polka says, the dancing is not much, but the
hugging is Heavenly. That young woman
should be dieted.
' Linked Sweetness. A provision
at Lynn sell 'Jenny Lind Sausages.
Opinion of Mr. Crittenden.
Attorney General's Office, )
18th September, 1850. j
- Sir: I have had the honor to receive your
note of this date, informing me that the bill
commonly called the Fugitive Slave Bill, hav
ing passed both houses of Congress, had been
sub mitted to you for your consideration, ap
proval and signature, and requesting my opin
ion whether the sixth section of that act, and
especially the last clause of that section, con
flicts with the provision of the constitution
which declares that "the privilege of the writ
of habeas corpus shall not be sdspended, an-'
less when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the
public safety may require it?"
It is my clear conviction that there is notli
ing in the last clause, nor in any part of the
sixm section, nor moeea in any part oi tbe pro
visions of the act which suspends, or was in
tended to suspend, the privilege of the writ of
naoeas corpus, or is in any manner in conflict
with the constitution.
The constitution, in the second section of the
Jourth article declares, that "no person held
to service or labor in one State, under tbe laws
thereof, escaping into another, shall in conse
quence of any law or regulation therein, be
discharged from such service or labor, but
snail be delivered up on claim of the party to
wnom sucn service or labor maybe due." :
It is well known and admitted, historically
and judicially, that this clause of the constitu
tion was made for the purpose of securing to
ine citizens ot tnesiavenoldmg states the com
plete ownership in their slaves, as property.
in any and every State or Territory of the
Union into which they might escape. (Prigg
vs. uommonwtaUh of JFennsylvama, 16 I'et.
539.) It devolved on the general government
as a solemn duty, to make that security effec
tual Their power was not only clear and full,
out according to the opinion of the court in
the above cited case, it was exclusive; the
States, severally being under no obligation,
and having no power to make laws or regula
tions in respect to the delivery of fugitives.
inus tne whole power, and with it the whole
duty, of carrying into effect this important pro
vision of the constitution was with Congress.
And accordingly, soon after the adoption of
we consuiuuon, ine act oi ins l zia rebruary,
1793, was passed, and that proving unsatisfac
tory and inefficient, by reason, (among other
causes) of some minor errors in its details, con
gress are now attempting by this bill to dis
charge a constitutional obligation, by securing
more effectually the delivery of fugitive slaves
to their owners. The sixth and most material
section in substance declares, that the claim
ant of the fugitive slave may arrest and carry
him before any one of the officers named and
described in the bill, and provides that these
officers and each of them shall have judicial
power and jurisdiction to hear, examine and
decide the case in a summary manner; that,
if upon such hearing, the claimant, by the re
quisite proor, snau establish bis claim to the
satisfaction of the tribunal; thus constituted,
the said tribunal 'shall give him a certificate,
statating therein the substantial facts of the
case, and authorizing him, with such reasona
ble force as may be necessary, to take and car
ry said fugitive back to the State or territory
wnence ne or she may have escaped, and then
in conclusion proceeds as fellows : "The cer
tificate in this and. the first section mention
ed, shall be conclusive of the right of the per
son or persons, in whose tavor granted, to re
move such fugitive to the State or terntorv,
from which be escaped, and shall prevent all
molestation of such p'erson or persons by any
process issued by any court, judge, magistrate,
or other person whomsoever."
" There is nothing in all this that does not
seem to me to be consistent with the constitu
tion, and necessary, indeed, to redeem the
pledge which it contains that such fugitives
shall be delivered up on claim ot their own
ers. : . " v -- . , - -
The Supreme Court of the United States
has declared that the owner, independent of
any aid from State or National legislation, may
in virtue of the constitution and his own right
of property, seize and recapture his fugitive
slave, in whatsoever state be may find him, and
carry him back to the State or territory from
which he escaped. (Prigg vs. commonwealth
of Pennsylvania, 16 Pet, 539.) This bill,
therefore, confers no right on the owner of the
fugitive slave ; it only gives him an appointed
and peaceable remedy, in place of the more
exposed and insecure, but not less auful, mode
of self redress. And as to the fugitive slave.
he has no cause to complain of this bill ; it adds
no coercion to that which his owner himself
might at his own will, rightfully exercise; and
all the proceedings which it institutes are but
so much of orderly judicial authority, inter
posed between him and his owner, and conse
quently of protection to him, and mitigation of
the exercise directly by the owner himself of
urn persuuai auuiorny. ins is me constitu
tional and legal view of the subject, as sanc
tioned by the decisions ot the supreme court
and to that I limit myself.
The act of the 12th February, 1793, before
alluded to, so far as it effects any constitution
al question that can arise out of this bill, is
identical with it. It authorizes the like arrest
of the fugitive slave, the like trial, the like
udgment the like certificate, with the like au
thority to the owner, by virtue of the certifi
cate as his warrant, to remove him to the state
or territory from which he escaped. And the
constitutionality Of that act, in all those par
ticulars, has been affirmed by the abjudica
tions of state tribunals, and by tbe courts of
the United btates, without a single dssent. so
laras i Know. I Baldwin's U. U.K., 577. 579.
I conclude, therefore, tbat so far as the act
of the 12th February, 1793, has been held to
be constitutional, this bill must also be so re
garded, and that the custody, restraint and re
moval, to which the fugitive slave may be sub
jected, under the provisions of this bill, are all
lawful, and that the certihcate to be granted
to the owner is to be regarded as the act and
judgment of a judicial tribunal having compe
With these remarks to the constitutionality
of the general provisions of the bill, and the
consequent legality of tbe custody and confin
ment to which the fugitive slave may be sub
jected under it, I proceed to a biief considera
tion ot the more particular question you bave
propounded in reference to the writ of habeas
corpus, and of the last clause of the sixth sec
tion, above quoted, which gives rise to the
My opinion, as before expressed, is, that
there is nothing in that clause or section which
conflicts with, or suspends, or was intended to
suspend, the privilege of the writ of habeas
corpus. I think so, because the bill says not
one word about that writ; because, by the
constitution, Congress is expressly forbidden
to suspend the privilege of this writ, "unless
when in cases of rebellion or invasion the pub
lic safety may rermira it: and thprefi-ir. tha
suspension of this act (there being neither re
bellion nor invasion) would: be a plain and
palpable violation of the constitution, and no
intention to commit such a violation of the con
stitution, of their duty, and their oaths, ought
to be imputed to them upon mere construc
tions and implications; and thirdly, because
there is no incompatibility between these pro
visions of the bill and the privilege of tbe writ
of habeas corpus, in its utmost constitutional
Congress, in the case of fugitive slaves. I
in all other cases within the scope of it con
stitutional authority, has the unquestionable
right to ordain and prescribe, for what causes,
to what extent, and in what manner, persons
way ue taaen lino custody, detained or impris
oned. Without this power they could not ful
fill their constitutional trust nor perform the
ordinary and necessary duties of government
It was never heard that the exercise of tbat
legislative power was any encroachment upod.
or suspension of the privilege of the writ of
naoeas corpus. It is only by some confusion
of ideas that such a conflict can be supposed
to exist It is not within lhe province or priv
ilege ot tins great writ to loose those whom
the law has bound. That would be to nut a
writ granted by the law, in opposition to to the
law to make one part of the law destructive
of another. This writ follows the law, and
obeys the law. It is issued upon proper com
plaint, to make inquiry into the causes of com
mitment or impnsment, and its solo remedial
power and purpose is to deliver the party from
"all manner of illegal confinement (3 Black:
Com., 131.) If, upon application to the court
or judge tor this writ; or it upon its return, it
shall appear that the confinement complained
of was lawful, the writ in the first instance
would be refused, and in the last the oartv
wouia oe remanded to his tormer lawful cus-
The condition of one m custody as a fugitive
slave, under the law, so far as respects the
writ of habeas corpus, is preciselv the same
as that of all other prisoners under the law of
tne united btates.. 'lhe privilege of that writ
remains alike to all ot them, but to be judged
oi granted or reiusea discharged or en
forced by the proper tribunal, according to the
circumstances of each case, and as the com
mitment and detention may appear to be le-
gai or inegai. - : . .
The whole effect of the law may be thus
brieflly stated: Congress has constituted
tribunal with exclusive jurisdiction, to deter
mine summarily, and without appeal, who are
fugitives from service or labor under tbe sec
ond section of the fourth article of the consti
tution, and to whom such service or labor is
due. The judgment of every tribunal of ex
clusive jurisdiction, where no appeal lies, is of
nc-essily conclusive upon eiery other tribunal,
ana therefore tbe judgment of the tribunal cre
ated by this act is conclusive upon all tribu
nals. Wherever this judgment is made to ap
pear, it is conclusive of the right of the own
er to retain in his custody the fugitive from
service, and to remove him back to the place
or State from which he escaped. If it is
shown upon application of the fugitive for a
writ of naoeas corpus, it prevents the issuing
of the writ if upon the return, it discharges
iue writ n uu roe tores or maintains me custody.
This view of the law of this case is full v sus
tained by the decision of the Supreme Court
oi. ine uniiea states in tne case ot Tobias
Watkins, where the court refused to discharge.
upon the ground tbat be was in eustody un
der the sentence of a court of competent ju
risdiction, and that judgment was conclusive
upon them. (3 ftt, 202.)
1 be expression used in the last clause of
the sixth section, that the certificate therein
alluded to "shall prevent all molestation" of
the persons to whom granted, "by any process
issuea, arc, prooaoiy mean, only what the
act of 179d meant, by declaring a certificate
under that act a sufficient, warrant for the re
moval of a fugitive, and certainly do not mean
a suspension of the habeas corpus.
I conclude by repeating my conviction, that
there is nothing in the bill in question which
conflicts with the constitution, or suspends, or
was intended to suspend, the privilege of the
writ ofAaoea corpus.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully.
sir, your obedient servant.
To the President.
What a Western Lady says of . Qceen
Victoria. A lady correspondent of the St
I Louis Republican, writing from London, gives
a very interesting account oi ine prorogation
of Parliament by the Queen in person. Our
American ladies may be interested in what
one of their country women.a fair Missurian,
says of the Queen. The lady correspondent
represents ber as "too small in stature, but She
has a pleasing face, and was dressed magnih
cently, and she is remarkably easy, graceful,
and dignified, in foolscap, which she-rested on
her hand, as she read sitting. She is a beati
ful reader. Her annunciation was slow, and
distinct her manner was calm, dignified and
self-possessed. To republican eyes, it was a
strange sight to see a body of men, standing
grouped before a lady to receive orders, and
it sounded strangely to hear her say, "My
Lords and gentleman, I bave the satisfaction
to releaseyou from tbe duties of a laborious
session." But she said it with wonderful
grace end dignity, as well as authority. -' Her
speech was short; every word was heard dis
tinctly by every one present '
Pride. Pride emanates from a weak mind.
You never see a man of strong intellect proud
and haughty. Just look about you. Who are
the most given to this folly 7 jNot the intelli
gent and talented, but weak minded and silly.
some ot tne proudest men are those who have
nothing to look back to but poverty and rags
whose parents; if they were now living,
would pass them without being noticed. One
of the haughtiest men we ever knew, sprung
from a poor fiddler another from a danc
ing master a. third from a notorious villain.
As we look at the young men in onr cities, we
find the most proud and haughty of them are
tnose who were born in the country. When
they first left their homes, they had scarcely
two shirts to their backs.. Now they would
scorn to speak to those who make as sorry
an appearance as they did, when with cow
hide shoes fult hats homespun jackets they
were first brought from thecountry. ' Reader,
are you proud ?
; Fragments of Thought. J
Can we wonder that men so often aot ai
traitors to their fellows, when we reflect thaj
every day they work treason against themj
selves by the folly and evil in their own
Men see great projects carried out, and
great impediments removed, great events'
brought to pass, and they are struck with)
amazement. Did they but reflect, how evU
dent it must be that genius, energy, and per4
severance, well directed, can conquer th
most formidable adversaries of true greatness.1
Tf life be a rintjl Irtw-Triafl Via 3
who fails to arm himself for the contest Ifj
life be a storm, how infatuated is he who sleeps
while his bark is driven amid unknown waters.
If life be a pilgrimage, how unwise is be whaj
strays from the right road, nor seeks to return
until the twilight shadows gather round bis!
Virtue is the armor of him who would des-1
troy bis most inveterate foes. Let him bewarel
then that neither helmet nor breast plate be
missing, else the enemy pierce with perchance J
a death giving dart. ' i ,
How often we err in our own conceptions of?
"persons and things around us! And yet we i
are always ready to depend implicitly upon J
ourown juugments. . . . i
Tbe wise-man is ever learning, the fool 1
thinks he has learned enough ; so the good 1
man wishes ever to be better, while the trans-
gressor, fancying himself as worthy as many I
others, is content to be like them. j
; Could we all resolve to do as much good
as is in our power, acting upon the resolution,
what incalculable happiness might we win for i
ourselves, what gladness might we diffuse 1
over me existences oi others ! ..
1 ht world is apt to blame too much the un
successful, while it censures by far ' too little j
the vile and unjust .
Happiness and sorrow are the measures of
our mortal life. . We willingly record the mo
ments of gladness, and sorrow's hours make
their own impress. '
Can he whose sou yearns for "- the immor
tality of Heaven, ever be given up to despair
here ? Beyond tumultuous billows and over
mountains wrapped in gloom, is there hot a
light stirring to cheer the pilgrim and the way
It is folly to repine at every slight evil that
may cross us. Ihough we may feel exauis-
ite pain to-day, some unforeseen event will per
chance obliterate it all to-morrow. They who
meet many ills are apt to overcome. them with,
greater ease than they do whose trials come
but seldom. It is the part of wisdom to smile
at adverse and trying circumstances, ever
knowing that the Great Ruler of time and
eternity has promised to those who nobly strug
gle, a glory unfading. - . - ; .. ..
Life seems to be an unbending experiment :
Now we form sage conclusions, anon, they are
all scattered before some discovery we make
of things hitherto unknown. We meet to-day
with one upon whom wa look as a being of sur
passing worth ; an other sun rises and we wake
to find the admired one but a frail mortal like
Uaidicrous. "'"-". ''
A young itinerant preacher, in the constant
habit of declaiming a great deal about , the
Creation, and especially about the first gett
ing up of man, whenever he wished to display
his native eloquence to good advantage, was
one day holding forth to a mixed congrega
tion in the country school house. " Becoming
warm enthusiastic as he proceeded, it was not
long before he reached his favorite theme, and
started off m something like tbe following style :
. 'And when the world was created, and the
beasts of the field, and fowls of the air, were
prononnced very good, God said, let us make -
man. And be formed man after bis own
likeness, and declared bim the noblest of all .
the works of his hands! And he made woman
last and fashioned her in the exact image of
man, with a little variation -
Thank the Lord tor the variation,' shouted
an old sinner who sat over in the amen corner
of tbe room, at this interesting juncture of the
discourse: -; -
The effect was perfectly ludicrous and ir-
resistable. The preacher dropped the subieet
where he was interrupted, and was never
heard to allude to it during a subsequent
ministry of forty years. Cin. Nonpareil.
The following, though, "will be interesting
to those who are fond of sausages.'".
A lady having purchased some sausages
of a couple of boys, overheard them talking
about the money.
"tiive me half of it, says one.
"I won't"-6ays the other.
.',Now, that ain't fair Joe you know 'taint
-for half the pup was mine. ".
Rfmaiss of Gen. Taylor. The remains
of the late Magistrate are to leave ; Washing-,
ton City, Oct 25th, in a car furnished by the
Railroad Company. Cols. . Taylor and Bliss.
ill take possession ot the corpse at Baltimore -
and proceed over the railroad, via York. ;
Wrightville,Middletown to Harrisburgh.tbence -
over. thecentral Railroad to Pittsburgh, and
then by steamer to Louisville. We infer that
the final resting place of the' remains of the
the hnal resting place of the remains of the
late President will be in Kentucky.. -
Cekscs of Memphis asu Suburbs The '
city of Memphis has 6,480 free men and " wo
men, and 2,352 slave men and women. The
suburbs contain 1,490 free and 1,146 slave .
population. . '..
..... o .
Jenny Lifld, gave a charitable Concert in .
Boston on Tuesday week, and the nett pro
ceeds amounted to $7,356,09 and has been -
paid over for distribution. . ,
- o t . i " '
The Millennium, as Mr. Irving savs, is evi
dently at hand. A Miss Lyon was last week
arried to a Mr. Lamb. 1 be "lion and the
Iamb" will now, of course, t'lie down together."
What maintains one vice will bring up two
A gentle heart is like ripe fruit whicli
bends so low that it is at the mercy of every
one who chooses to pluck it, while the harder
fruit keeps out of reach. . . ' ,
Modesty is a quality that highly adorns a
woman. Old Adage.
- And ruins a man. : . FouisviUe Dem,