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opinion of those with whom I may differ, and
not without doubts, whether it should not be
left until : the result of the deliberations of the
Convention is known, as that body, in my
opinion, possesses supreme power over it, in
all things, not inconsistent with the constitu
tion of the United Sutra,
I allude to the great banking system of the
State. A system by no means, without its
evils and imperfections, as all must concede.
The question is not now, however, whether
the,. General. Assembly has the constitutional
power to repeal the charters of private mon
led corporations, and annul thi'ir usual and 1
ordinary franchises. As to the exercise of this
power, there is a diversity of sentiment The
right has been denied by the repeated decis
ions of the highest judicial tribunals of the
country, while the affirmative has been ably
and isalouily maintained, by political writers
of great merit, and statesmen of distinguished
I think it may be safely asserted, however,
that all special legislation for the benefit of
capital, at the expense of labor, that is in the
character of monopoly and confers upon the
few exclusive privileges which the many are
prohibited to enjoy, are utterly inconsistent
with the nature and spirit of our democratic
institutions. ? :-i " ' ; - -
'They should be very seldom, if ever grant
ed, and when found to be injurious to the best
interests of the community, there ought some
where, to exist the unquestioned authority to
remedy every evil they inflict.
" There are many modes in which, I appre
hend, there is no doubt, but what a monied
corporation can be reached by legislative en
actment, though the charter is silent on the
anbject It may be visited, examined, and its
course of business controlled so as to meet the
convenience and afford security to the com
munity, by ' information and exposure of its
But the . important question to which I
would invite your particular attention, at this
lime, is the admitted inequality of '.he taxes
baid by the banks upon their property, when
compared with those paid by other individuals
upon theirs, and leave it to your better wis
dom to devise and apply the remedy, if one
exists. ' " "
"Property is the basis of taxation, and the
public burthens should be equally distributed
in the ratio of its possession.
1 ' The farmer with but scanty means: the me
fhanio who labors from day to day ; the mer
chant or manufacturer, though bis business
be ruinous, is taxed from one to two per rent.
pu the full value of every thing he has; but
the capitalist places bis means in bank, by the
purchase of stock, and he is exempted, under
any possible contingency, from the payment of
nny other Uian a btate tax, and that limited to
but cm; per cent on his nett profit.
' This feature was introduced into the sys
tem. I suppose, to invite the investment of
capital from abroad ; and while it has had such
- "tendencies, it has enabled our own citizens to
avail themselves of it, by the most profitable
employment of their money, and, at the same
time, by avoiding their just proportion of the
There is reason for the belief, that any such
system of inequality, is too high a price to be
paid for any benefits received, because it is di
rectly opposed to the genius and spirit of
democratic institutions, one ot whove tunda
mental doctrines is on equal distribution of the
burthen of government. '
V The feeling is by no means confined to any
political party, exclusively, that the banking
institutions of the State, one and all, as they
are protected by our laws, and supported by
the toil and industry of our people, should
consent, without contest or delay, to contrib
ute their just proportion to the public expen
jditures; but if they decline acceding to so
.equitable and reasonable a measure, that they
should be constrained to do so, if the consti
tutional and legal means are within the prov
ince of the General Assembly.
1 There is. I believe, no chartered guaranty,
that the officers of the Stale shall receive their
issues for taxes, tolls, or in payment of the
State lands, and there can be no room for
question but what the prohibition for such
purposes, of the reception of their issues by
the agents ot the estate, unui meir asseiu suaii
be given to such reasonable proposition as
may be made, is within the legal as well as
discretionary limits of legislation.
But aside from this, it is worthy of the most
" -serious inquiry, whether the General Assem
bly has, at one session, the constitutional pow
er to dispense with, or bargain away, the right
of taxation to any part of the property of the
State, so as to prevent the resumption of the
right by the General Assembly, at any sub
sequent, session. . If the affirmative is main
tained, and a , psrt of the property of the
State may be forever exempted from the pub
lic burthens, there is not, nor can there be,
any welL defined limit to this power. The
.whole taxable property of the State may be
placed beyond its reach, the State unable to
provide for its ordinary expenses of govern-
mnnf nr tn rlafaad ill -If - "f """"H
. w - . i.:
I incline totue opinion, mu uu u'g -reign
power to levy taxes, cannot be dispos
ed of to any corporation, by one, so as to pre--rent
a succeeding General Assembly from re
suming it; and I could, if necessary, 6nd a dis
tinction between this as a negative, and those
'which may be called the positive franchises of
a corporation, and necessary to its existence,
end look upon the exemption from taxation as
. a exception to the general rule, matcnarter
i rights cannot be taken away or impaired,
-as is claimed, by the advocates ot such a doc
V' I am not unaware that the case of the
State . the Commercial Bank of Cincinnati Is
opposed to. this view of corporate rights; but
that decision was made many years since, and
by a divided court, and one of the J udges who
casioo, Tery justly remarked, "that laws must
so extended or contracted as to meet the
xi9enais of society"- alluding to the com
mon Uw of Ens-land, no doubt, which was
-only adopted in this State so far as it should
be foand strictly applicable to our condition,
.ri Tti aA tn, whuh rfnrenee has been made
determined so many years since, cannot be
- considered as of very binding authority. Since
that period, multitudes of moneyed and other
corporations have sprung into life, and their
conflicting elaims with government and people
render it highly expedient that the rules hith
erto recognised, and claimed as placing these
institutions beyond the reach of cither judicial
or legislative correction, should now be re
viewed, modified, and placed on a foundation
more consistent with the spirit of our laws and
"the rights of alL
Having thus, very briefly, referred to cer
tain subjects of State policy, and some of the
functions of the Executive, as in my humble
judgment they onght to be performed, I could
wish that nothing remained but to take the
oath of office and retire from this hall. But I
"cannot do so consistently with public expecta
tion, without a frank expression of my views
on' question now pending before the people
which threatens the stability of the Union, the
suoiemHcy of the laws, and to disturb the
good order and quiet which has hitherto,with
vary few exceptions prevailed since the adop
tion of the Federal Constitution in 1790.
An excitement is spread over a large ex
tent, and pervades every rank and condition
in life, and unless allayed, nnd other counsels
prevail, collisions between government nnd
people may produce civil war. of which no one
can predict the consequences to the General
or State Governments, or to freedom through
out the world.
The question of humnn slavery is, and ever
has been, a subject of discord in the relations
the several States bear to each other, and to
the General Government, which is bound to
protect the constitutional rights and interests
The Democralic party ever has and ever
will oppose either the diffusion or extension of
slavery into any free territory of the United
States, by every legal and constitutional
means, and would rejoice if any mode, not
doing violence to otht-rs, could be devised "to
overthrow and eradicate the evil."
That Congress, having bv the Constitution
authority to legislate for the District of Co
lumbia, "in all cases whatsoever, may rhere
abolish it, I entertain no doubt ; Congress is.
by the Constitution, the local legislature of the
District, nnd all cases within the legitimate
sphere of legislation are embraced within the
terms, "in all cases whatsoever, as used in
Congress appears to me to possess the same
legislative power over slavery within the ten
miles square, that may be exercised by the
legislatures of the slave States over it within
their jurisdictions: and that it has been con
sidered in those States, a proper subject of
legislation, their history furnishes the most sat
1 have ever viewed the abolition of slavery
in the District, not only a measure of expedi
ency, but of absolute natural right to the col
ored race. The South would doublles acqui
esce in such a measure : for if we expect to re
main one people there is an absolute necessity
of adhering to the decisions of Constitutional
majorities, within their legitimate spheres of
But the abolition of slavery in the District of
Columbia, and in the slave states, in my opin
ion, stand upon different grounds as to the
power of Coi;ress over it.
The Executive of Vermont, in his late mes
sage to the General Assembly, intimates the
opinion that Congress may abolish slavery in
the States where it now exists. How far this
opinion prevails I am not infoimed. but 1 be
lieve the exerciie of any such authority by
Congress would be followed by a dissolution
of the Union. The South would then be driv
en to it, to preserve their peculiar institution
under their own local authority.
The entire South, and I believe a large ma
jority of the North, would look upon sucli ac
tion as an unwarranted usurpation by Con
gress, for which there is no authority, express
ly granted or fairly to be implied, from the
Constitution of the United States.
The excitement to which I have before re
ferred, appears to have entirely grown out of
the passage, approval, and partial execution,
in a few instances, cf w hat is called the Fugi
tive Slave Law, by Congress.
Conventions have denounced it as uncon
stitutional The Clergy have declared it in
opposition to the higher law of God, and there
fore void. The slave and the citizen have
been advised and invited to arm and oppose
the execution of this law, to the shedding of
human blood, and all this is done in the peace
able and orderly State of Ohio, and I think is
the result of mistaken judgment; if not, and
the law is actually void, they nre right, and I
could justify the noble impulses which prompt
iuterference between freedom and servitude,
in opposition to law, whether white or black.
But let us for a moment search after truth.
and if, we find it, acknowledge its force. Let
the ground we occupy, at least, be well con
sidered, before we hasten to results calculated
to weaken the public confidence in the su
premacy of our laws, and the wisdom and sta
bility of our institutions.
There is, I think, no doubt, that the Su
preme Court of the United States will sustain
every provision o this law, as constitutional,
when the occasion shall arise. One of its nor
thern members has already done so, in the
case of Garnett.
The decisions of this tribunal are absolutely
conclusive on nil others, on questions growing
out of the constitution of the United
States. It is the national tribunal, and its
opinions Dual. - I here is no appeal. It 1 am
right in this, whosoever commits any over acts
of violence against the execution of this law.
is guilty of a misdemeanor; and if death en
sue, may be guilty of murder!
, But 1 cannot drop the subject here. With
a natural aversion to the institution of slavery,
and the evils that I believe it entails, on any
people, I should be false to myself and false to
truth, li I did not express the opinion, that the
law is consistent with constitutional obligation,
between the States.
The Constitution provides, in the last clause
of the 2nd section of the 4th act, that "no per
soortield to be i vice ui labor, in one state, under
the law thereof, escaping into anrthur, shall,
in consequence of any law or regulation there
in, be discharged from such service or labor,
i . i hi , i- j i f ;i
out snail De oeuverea up, on ciuira oi uie par
ty to whom such service or labor may be due.'
It is a matter ot public history, that this
provision was inserted in the Constitution of
the United States, as the result ot a com
promise, and for the purpose of enabling the
owners of fugitive slaves to recover them, in
the free states ; and that, without it, no consti
tution could have been formed. The provis
ion, I believe to be binding upon the states,
and upon the people of the states, and every
public functionary is under the solemn obliga
tions of an oath to obey its mandates. By
means of this, Congress had the discretionary
power to legislate, to carry out the designs of
the provision, not infringing on any other ar
ticle or section in that instrument; and this
constitution, and the laws of Congress and the
treaties made in pursuance of it, are declared
to be the supreme law of the land.
If the late act violates this instrument, in
what does such violation consist? Not in es
tablishing new nor unusual rules of evidence,
for when the constitution is silent, they are
within the legislative discretion. Not in de
nying a jury trial, for it does not differ, in this
respect, from the law of 193, which has re
mained for fifty-seven years in force, and been
sustained, both by state and national decisions
with but little, if any, complaint
One of our most able elementary writers is
of the same opinion. Judge Story, in his com
mentaries on the Constitution, uses this lan
guage : "It is obvious that these provisions
for the arrest and removal of fugitives of both
classes, 'from labor and justice,' contemplate
summary ministerial proceedings, aud not the
ordinary course of judicial investigation. And
m the case of fugitive slaves there would seem
to be the same necessity of requiring only pri
ma facie proofs of ownership, without putting
the party to a formal assertion of his rights,
bv suit, at the common law." Judge Grier
denies, in any case of extradition, that a jury
trial is warranted by the Constitution, or au
thorized by usage.
I think no case, of a mere preliminary ex
amination, can be found, of trial by jury, in
any of the United States.
The 6th article refers to a final criminal ju
dicial trial, to establish or acquit of guilt, and
the 7th to civil trials, at common law, mean
ing final judicial trials.
These are the only provisions in the Con
stitution of the United States on the subject,
and neither reaches any case of preliminary
examination, and especially where the pro
ceedings are ministerial, rather than judicial.
Is the law unconstitutional because it sus
pends the writ of Habeas Corpus? Suppose
it is, what is the consequence ? Merely that
the nrovision suspending the writ would be
void, and the writ issue, as in other cases. 1
am, however, of the opinion, the language
used docs not suspend the writ It is no more
than the language which the law implies to
every court of exclusive competent jurisdic
tion. The writ is to discharge from illegal res
traint; if the imprisonment be legal, the writ
itself is discharged.
These have been, so far as I have observed
the main objections to the constitutionality of
the law, neither ot which, in my opinion, is
It is void because it opposes the law of God 7
Here I will quote the language of one of our
most distinguished men, whose great experi
ence and extensive acquirements are his least
commendation. In a case lately tried before
Judge McLean in the State of Indiana, this
identical question was presented, and he used
this language in his charge to the jury.
"No earthly power has a right to interpose
between a man's conscience and his Maker.
He has a right, an inalienable right to worship
God according to the dictates of his own con
science. For this he alone must answer, and
he is entirely free from all human restraint to
think and act for himself. But this is not the
case when his acts affect the rights of others.
Society has a claim upon all its citizens. Gen
eral rules have been adopted in the form of
law lor the protection ot the rights of persons
and things. These laws lie at the foundation
of the social compact and their observance is
essential to the maintenance of civilization.
In these matters, the law, and not conscience,
constitutes the rule of action."
I think the view thus expressed, is unan
swerable, and the result therefore, to which I
have arrived, in my own mind, is, that the law
is binding and obligatory, and should advise
against its opposition by any act of violence.
By this law the slave is deprived of no right
which he enjoyed before, under the law of
1793, or under the constitution of the United
States, as explained by the Supreme National
tribunal in the case of Prigg v. the Common
wealth of Pennsylvania.
It was there held that, although Congress
might legislate, legislation was unnecessary
for the capture.of fugitive slaves; that the con
stitution executed itself, and the owner might
seize and return them, when found, in any
other state, by virtue of its authority alone.
I must not, by any means, be understood,
however, ns attempting to defend the proprie
ty and expediency of this law. It is unaccep
table to a very large majority of the people of
Public disapprobation will continue to ham
per its execution, and agitate its repeal It is
in my opinion, inexpedient The old law of
1793, was infinitely better for the security of
the master; for, exceptionable as it was, in
some of its features, a long and general acqui
escence had given it a moral force, which this
can never attain.
A law that makes exparte evidence conclu
sive of the master's right to recapture and re
turn his slave; that denies a jury trial here or
elsewhere ; that provides for the appointment of
swarms of pettty officers to execute it; that
gives a double compensation to find every
claim set up in favor of the master; and pays
the expenses in any case from the public treas
ury, can never receive the voluntary co-opera-lion
of our people.
But with all these objections to the propri
ety of the law violence is not to be thought of
for a moment.
. There is a constitutional and legal remedy.
A remedy that will not overthrow that stately
edifice of freedom erected by our ancestors on
the ruins of colonial oppression and depend
ence, and which has, hitherto been protected
by the majesty and supremacy of law.
That remedy is amendment or repeal, and
even if that fails, the Union of these States is
still worth preserving, and the law, however
odious, should be submitted to, as both a civil
and Christian duty.
No State was more indignant at the course
pursued by South Carolina, when that State
threatened to nullify a law of Congress, and
dissolve the Union, than Ohio.
Let her people be careful not to imitate an
example they have so repeatedly condemned,
but ever let them rally round the Union of
these slates, whether assailed trora without,
or from within.
The flag of the Union must be carried down
to future generations, unsullied and untorn :
and, if not, in God's mercy, let Ohio defendit.
till the last act has sealed its miserable doom.
IWomber 12, -IfrSO-.
Terrible Tornado-Cape Girardend
The St Louis paper contain the particulars
of this desolating tornado. the beautiful
village of Cape Girardean is mostly in ruins.
1 ho St. v incent College edifice is postrated
the Convent is gone the Catholic Church
and buildings around it the Methodist
Church and every building from it to the
bridge injured. The professors and students
at the College were in class at the time sev
eral attached to (he College were injured, and
one has du-d. It is said, for a distance of 15
miles back of and around the city, every thing
bore the aspect ot utter desolation and one
half of the citizens not a roof to protect them.
1 he account dues not give the number of in
jured and killed.
Measures were being taken at St Louis
for extending prompt aid to the distressed and
suffering families who have been made house
less by this terrible visitation.
Canal Collector at Cleveland.
The True Democrat, the organ of Free
Soilism in Northern Ohio.in an article concern
ing the delinquency of the collector at that
place, says: "During the last week new and
grave chances have been made. It is openly
said, not only that he was guilty of peculation
on a small scale, but that he had carried out
premeditated plans of peculation on a small
scale, but that he had carried ont premediat-
ed plans of peculation on a large scale. It is
openly said too, that the President Hamlin
of the Board of Public Works is not free from
blame in the transaction." &c.
Are we to have "more bitter fruits" from
that corrupt barter and saale between the loco
focos and Free Soilers, in 1848-9, when they
divided the offices as "public plunder?"
Debt ok Tkxas. The Controller ofTexas
has published a report, by which the whole
debt, fiied and to be tiled principaland inter
est is $12,323,443,04 the par value of
which is $9,919,790,40. This will leave to
the State, out of $10,000,000, to be paid by
United States, over $3,000,000, after paying
all her indebtedness. j
J. S. FODRE, Editor.
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1850.
Governor Wood's Inaugural.
This document we lay before our readers
this week. It is an able and well written pa
per, and taken as a whole, is unobjectionable
to the Whig party. Some of his recommen
dations we heartily approve, and if acquiesced
in by the Legislature, will prove beneficial to
His views in relation to the "Fugitive Slave
Law," we endorse entire. They are the views
of the Administration, and of the Whig party
generally. We have never doubted the con
stitutionality of that law, or the obligations of
the free Stales to see that it is strictly enfor
ced. At the same time we believe its pas
sage was injudicious and uncalled for; not in
accordance with the progressive spirit of the
age, and tyrartical in many of its features. It
is obnoxious to the free States, not only be
cause it holds out inducements to fraud, and
attempts to make slave-catchers of freemen,
but because it is not in accordance with hu
manity and the inaliable rights of mankind.
It should be amended or repealed at an early
day, but until it is, all good citizens should
recognize it as the supreme law of the land,
and aid, if called on, in the execution of its
. Our 'friend and fellow eitizen,' John
Bell, Esq., was nominated at the Locofoco
Convention at Tiffin on Tuesday last, as their
candiaate for Congress, to fill the vacancy oc
casioned by the death of the late Hon. A. E
Wood We understand the General had se
veral competitors for the Congressional hon
ors, but he triumphantly distanced them all,
including the delegation from Wood county.
The Whigs, of course, will have no candid
ate before the people, and as a consequence,
the General will have the course to himself.
The mails are not as regular these days as
clock work. We seldom get our Columbus
papers until they are about a week old. The
Clevelund papers are generally about as long
getting here, and the Toledo papers come
with no regularity at all. We depend upon
the Toledo papers for the latest intelligence,
and when they are received regularly, they
have news two or three days sooner than we
can get it from any other source. It is tho't
that the postmaster at Toledo puts the pa
pers of that place in the Bellvue Mail-bag, and
they go from thence to Springfield in the cars,
and return to this place in the eastern mail
about three days after they are due. Will
our neighbors of the Blade and Republican
ascertain the cause of this irregularity.
Ho! the Bail Road.
The directors of the Toledo, Norwalk, and
Cleveland Rail Road, give notice in our pa
per this week, for a payment of 10 per cent
of the capital stock of said company, by the
10th day of February, 1851, and 10 percent
every 60 days thereafter until the whole is
paid. Stock holders "will please govern them
J& We have been anxiously waiting, ex
pecting that some one of our numerous read
ers would present us with a fine, fat, plump
turkey, that we might enjoy the coming holli
days in common with our more fortunate
neighbors, who are able to buy them.
But we have made up our mind that pork,
potatoes and cabbage, must satisfy our appe
tite o l that occasion.
For January, has been received, and for qual
ity and quantity of reading matter, excellent
engravings and neatness of execution, surpas
ses any previous number. For 1851, the re
duced prices to clubs will be continued, while
the quantity of reading matter will be in
creased. " No expense," says the editor,
"shall bespared in the way of embellishments.
The fashion plates shall be in advance of ev
ery cotemporary, and will be, in addition,
beautiful pictures. Mrs. Ann -S.HStcpncns,
the author of "Mary Derwent," "Palaces and
Prisons," "Julia Warren," "Malina Gray," &c,
will continue to edit the work, which is a
guarantee that it will be the most readable of
the Magazines. In 1851, a new feature will
be introduced, in a series of National stories,
located in different sections of the Union, and
depicting manners and traditions North.Soutb,
East and West Recollect, the terms of this
Magazine are but two dollars a year; to clubs,
three copies for five dollars, or eight copies
for ten dollars, with a choice of two large si
zed premium pictures to the person getting
up the club. Address C. J. Peterson, No. 98
Chestnut Street, Philadelphia." A specimen
can be seen at this office.
Holdes's Dollar Magazine. The Jan
uary number of this ever welcome magazine,
is upon our table, much improved in every
respect. This is the cheapest and most read
able work extant, and cannot fail to give satis
faction to all classes of readers. The editor
promises to make "Holden" more attractive
the incoming year, than it has been for the
past, which promise will be faithfully adhear
ed to, as his list of authors will fully guarantee.
One dollar a year, in advance. Address,
FOWLER & DIETZ,
109 Nassau St,N. Y.
j3T" J. A.. Scranton, Sergeant-at-Arms of
the Ohio Senate, will please accept our thanks
for a pamphlet copy of Gov. Ford's message.
Sandwich Islands. The population of
these Island is decreasing it is now less
than 80,000. Captain Cook estimated it at
400,000. The Polynesian says, if there were
a snpply of laborers, the productions of the
Islands could be increased to $20,000,000 in
A bill was introduced in the Senate by
Fouts, (Loco) to repeal the act creating Com
mon Schools and the State Board of Education.
Bills were also introduced for abolishing the
Homestead exemption and Ten per cent Inter
est laws. The resolution of Randall for ad
journment in February was lost. Temperance
petitions are pouring into the Legislature.
The Columbus correspondent of the Cleveland
Messrs. Lewis, Cunningham and Bil, are
a select committee on temperance in the Sen
ate; and Messrs. Fairchild, O'Ney, Bushnell,
Bundy nnd Bradley are in the House.
A bill will probably be introduced in the
House repealing all laws now in force on the
subject, and among its provisions, compel pay
ment by the vender for all damages done re
sulting from the sale of Liquor. I mention
this in advance, so that temperance people
may put in their digestion cisterns, and see how
it will operate.
I am at a loss to determine, but each com
mittee is an excellent one, and will unquestion
ably produce bills practically beneficial in their
The committee on Federal relations, in the
House, have reported resolutions strongly de
nouncing the Fugitive Slave law. '
We are indebted to a friend at columbus,
for the following sketch of Legislative proceed
ings in a letter, dated the 9th inst
"Of the organization and other proceedings
of last week vou are doubtless informed.
Governor Wood is here, and on being waited
on by a Legislative committee this evening.
responded that he would communicate with
the General Assembly, on Thursday, at 3 P.
M. He looks hearty, and bids fair to be long
uovernor ot Uhio, though he may not serve
more than one term.
In the Senate to-day, there has been quite
an interesting discussion, relative to abridging
the debates ot the Constitutional Convention.
Mr. Payne of Cuyahoga, the position that the
Convention was omnipotent, and could frame
the New Constitution as they pleased, and put
it in force without submitting it to the people
tor adoption or rejection. Mr. Howard of Cler
mont, said the convention was a kind of iten
erant concern, and was likely to visit every
county in the State, before they got through
with the labors before them. He deprecated
the idea that the General Assembly should leg
islate, or forbear legislation, on account of any
constitution that is to be framed and adopted,
because he said they had only visited two ol
the cites of the State, and be expected them
in his county yet, and had no doubt they
would itinerate to every other county. He
thought the people had ceased to know or
care anything about the convention, &c. This
from a prominent Democrat, was rather rich,
and goes far to confirm me in my conviction
that the people ot the btate look upon the do
ings of this third branch of the Legislature,
with a sort of earnest indifference, that is un
mistakable. The resolution to adjourn sine
die, feb. 1st, offered in the senate last lues
day, was discussed again to-day, and again
laid on the table. So far as I can discover,
there is a disposition lo work diligently this
session, and adjourn as early as possible.-
The members are in a very friendly humor,
indeed, none ot the rancor and bitterness which
characterized the Legislature of last winter, is
Soon after the organization a resolution pass
ed the senate, directing the clerk to procure
the printing done at rates not to exceed those
of the last session, until otherwise -ordered, and
under that Mr. Swift has given it to man call
ed Rice, who seems to be on hand, as a tender
for the Statesman. This Rice does not, as I
am informed, own a type in the world, but
from the peculiar shade of his politics he can
get printing and crumbs, when neither the
Statesman or Journal are exactly of the right
stripe, and after "tolling the grist" he turns it
over to Medarv. I neither know or care, who
Mr. Rice is, but if any honorable, high-minded
man would thus occupy the position of a
go-between and scavenger for the Statesman
oi Journal or any body else, then I am mista
ken ; .and I hope the Senate will take meas
ures to cut off from Mr. L. L. Rice, these leg
islative crumbs and drippings, by which he
seems to exist
There is to be a strong effort to repeal the
Homestead Exemtionlaw of last winter, but it
is very doubtful of success, the law having an
element of popularity in it, that will make
men, looking for political advancement, cau
tious how they vote. The ten per cent inter
est law also, will have to pass a firery trial, if
there is anything in the signs of the times.
Some of the members are of the opinion that
if the delays now incident to the collection of j
debts, could be done away and the legal rate
ot interest fixed at 7 per cent.it would super
cede the necessity of any such law as the one
alluded to, and would tend more to invite cap
ital to the State, than any other measure.
On the subject of the U. S. Senator, all is
smoke and uncertainty, as yet, though I think
the Tndicalioiis rttot -iav-uruble. tpthe elec
tion of Mr. Ewing. Mr. Randall is said to fa
vorthe election of Mr. Giddings!"
. JtST The "Phrenological" and "Water
Cure" Journals for January 1051, have been
received. The new volumes commence with
the January numbers, and all who wish to ob
tain these valuable works, should forward on
their money immediately. The Messrs. Fow
lers' publications are so generally and favor
ably known, that it would be superfluous for
us to say any thing in their favor, and we
merely state the terms, which is one dollar, in
advance, for each work. Address,
FOWLER & DEITZ,
109 Nassau St, N. Y.
Appropriation asked by the Secrc
tar y of W:ir.
The total amount asked for, is $1,155,778,
of which $1,052,675 is for Rivers and Har
bors, $70,000 for Roads and $33,102 for
Light-houses. We notice the following.
Harbor at Ashtabula, Ohio.
Buffalo Sea Walls
Black river, Ohio
Conneant Harbor, Ohio
Cleveland do do
Erie Harbor, Pennsylvania
Dredge, fcc, at Erie
Gravel river, Ohio
Michigan City, Indiana
Ohio river between Pittsburgh and
Ohio river below the falls; and of
the Mississippi's tributaries; Mis
souri aad Arkansas rivers
Sandusky Harbor, Ohio
St. Louis Harbor
Vermillion river, Ohio
There have been not less than 700,000
cotton spendles stopped in various parts of the
country in consequence of the Tariff of 1846
of which 302,200 were in Boston and vicinity.
Arrival of the America.
'' '-, ' Halifax, Dec. 1L"
Editor Ohio State Journal : '
The Steamer America, from Liverpool ar-
w. w w uw,. .me came arnvec
at Liverpool at 11 o'clock on Thursday Morn
ing. She encountered unusually heavy wea
ther throughout her passage from N. York.
England There is greatly increased agi
tation in England and Scotland, in regard to
the Anti-Popery mevement, and the Daily
News asserts that the Attorney General is pre
paring a bill to make penal the holding of
English titles by the uathouo Clergy, and the
limes significantly remarks that Dr. U 11a thorn
is the first, and he assuredly will bs the last
Bishop of Birmingham.
Lord Beaumont, a Catholic Nobleman, has
taken the field against the measures of the
Pope, and maintains that his appointment to
English iiishopricks are derogatory to the
Crown and at variance to the constitution.
Immense meetings, denouncing the aggressive
policy of the country, have been held, and in
some cases led to serious riots, especially at
Berkenhead, where the meeting adjourned for
Wednesday was attended wilh one of the
wildest riots since the days of the reform bill.
Magistrates and police were compelled to flee
before the mob.
Francs. The latest advices from Paris an
nounces M. Depereigny from - Berlin, and he
is reported to have expressed his conviction
that the rung of frussia will have great diffi
culty in restraining the warlike disposition of
his people, and that be cannot and ought not
. , e .1 '
to mane any luriner concession.
Rome. Latest advices from Rome states
that the propagandi affect to treat lightly the
commotion in England, on the late papal ag
gression, and professed to regard it as a mere
question of ettiquette.
Germany. Latest news from Germany in
no respect less pacific, nor is the state of af
fairs less critical than for two weeks previous
to the sailing of the America. .
.Prussia. I he Prussian Chamber was
opened on the 21st, by a speech from the King
which was favorable to the war party. He
says, We seek no war, but we demand an ar
rangement of the general Fatherland suitable
to our present position in Europe and Uerma
ny, and corresponding with the amount of
right which God has placed in our hands.
lie have a good, old right we will defend it,
and remain under arms until we have secured
its recognition. We owe this to Russia we
owe this to Germany.'
The disturbance between the Prussian and
Bavarian troops, at Frankfort, was renewed on
the 2oth, and in several of the streets the sol
diers of the two countries .had very sanguina
ry conflicts. The intervention of strong pa
trols could alone preserve peace in the city.
The Austrian federal army in Hesse is suf
fering for wnnt of provisions, and their com
mander has informed the Prussian Ceneral
that he will be compelled to advance. Gen.
Goeben replied, that the Prussian troops un
der his command would not fall back, under
any circumstances whatever.
The Cabinet of Presburgh is reported to
have formally made known that a war against
Austria would at the same time be a war
against Russia. After Berlin, the war party
find most support in the Russian province. .
European War Nearly Certain.
; We have one day's later news from Eu
rope. The London Shipping Gazette of Fri
day says : The intelligence from the Conti
nent is again of a warlike character. ..The
Cabinets of Berlin and Vienna are now stated
to have arrived at a point at which the dis
pute must emerge into open hostilities.
- The late negotiation between the two con
tinents not having led to any satisfactory re
sult The French Government is said to have
receiyed a despatch from Berlin announcing
that the Austrian government has de
manded the evacuation of Hesse Cassel in
The same report states that a note drawn
up in energetic terms was communicated by
the Russian Ambassador at Berlin, to the
-- o '
moval to Columbus.
Cincinnati; Tuesday, Dec., 5th.
' The special com mittee to obtain the census
returns of Ohio, reported, and received fur
. The convention, in committee of the whole,
took up the special report on capital punish
ment That is: .
"Human life shall ever be held inviolate.
The true object of punishment being, in addi
tion to the security of society, to reform and
not to exterminate mankind, human life shall
never be taken as a punishment for crime.;
but the highest punishment for crime shall be
imprisonment for life in the State penitentiary.
Messrs. Ridole and Sawyer opposed, Mr.
Hawkins defended the report Bales, Horton
Leadbelter, Cose, thought some reform neces
sary. Mr. Ptanney " liked the section. But
one and all of them concluded, that the sub
ject should be Uft with the lagitlntura.
The committee rose and reported.
The improvements in the Hall, and a mo
tion to remove to Columbus, were debated un
til the adjournment in the afternoon. It was
finally concluded, by a very decisive vote, not
to leave Cincinnati. Cleveland Democrat
Einkel, the German Poet and Liberal
confined in the fortress of Spanadan. He
not permitted to see any one, to read or write.
Books, pen and ink are strictly forbidden him.
His cell's a tomb. He never leaves it although
other prisoners and felons are allowed daily
exercise. He asks in vein for further clothing,
and has often been suffering from cold with
out relief. His offence was that he wrote
tracts and peotry of democratic tendencies
and revolutionary character.
Praiseworthy. A very intelligent,fine ap
pearing fugitive slave, came into our city a
few days since, destitute and friendless.
After passing a few days with one of onr
wealthy citizens' who having learnt the names
ot some ot our leaning aoonuomsis, ne caiieo
on them to solicit aid. After laying his case
before two of the foremost in this great cause
of humanity, the one gave him five and the
other six cents! Altough these gentlemen
prefer to do "good by stealth" still such acts
of generosity should be published, iney
stand out as great events in the lives of those
benevolent persons, and should be recorded to
their honor. tsunaio courier.
Ex-Governor McDowell, of Virginia, recen
tly delivered a highly patriotic and elequent
address at a mass meeting of the friends of
the Union, in Augusta County Virginia. The
Staunton Spectator says in reference to the
meeting "Virginia herself even may swerve
from her allegiance.but here, upon the moun
tains of Agusta,tbe flag of the union will con
tinue to float as proudly as would the flag of I
liberty, in the bands of Washington himseii."
The Indians and the Qaakers.
In Howitt'S Book of fbs Seasons, is given
the following account of the Indians and the
Quakers. It is a story related by George
Dilwyn, an American Quaker and preacher,
who visited England about fifty years siuce.
The scene of the story is laid at the period of
the revolutionary war:
Another incident he related, which occur
red in one of the back settlements, when the
Indians had been employed to burn the dwell
ings of the settlers, and cruelly to murder the
people. One of thsse solitary habitations wis
in possession of a Friend's family. They lived
in such secure simplicity, that they hitherto
had no apprehension of danger, and used nei
ther bar nor bolt to their door; having nooth-
lucui ui securing tneir dwelling irom in
trusion, than by drawing in the leathern thong
by which the wooden latch inside was lifted
from without - ' .. : .. .
The Indians had committed frightful rava
ges all around, burning and murdering with
out mercy. Every evening brought forth tid
ings of horror, and every night the unhappy
settlers surrounded themselves with such de-
C ,L l.l . .i ,
icuwb u9 vucy wjiu uiusicr even men, lor
dread scarcely ' being ' able to sleep. The
friend and his family who had hitherto put no
trust in the arm of flesh,, but left all in the
keeping of God, believing, that man often ran
in his own strength to his own injury, bad used
so little precaution, that they slept without
even withdrawing the string, and were as yet
Alarmed, however, at length, by the fears of
others and by the dreadful rumors that sur
rounded them, they yielded to their fears on
one particular night and before retiring to
resi, urew in me string, ana in us secured them
selves as well as they were able.
In the dead of the night the .Friend who
had not been able to sleep, asked his wife if
she slept she replied that she could not for
her mind was uneasy. Upon this he confess
ed that the same was bis case, and that he be
lieved it would be the safest for him to rise
and put out the string of the latch as usual
On her approving of this, it was done, and the
two lay down again commendinz themselves '
to the keeping of God.
This had not occurred above ten minutes,
when the dismal sound of the war-whoop ech
oed through the forest, filling every heart with :
dread, and almost immediately afterward, ;
they counted the footsteps of seven men pass
the window of their chamber, which was on
the groud floor, and the next moment the door
string was pulled, the latch lifted, and the
door opened. A debate of a few minutes took
pi .ce, the purport of which, as it was spoken
in the Indian language, was nnintelli gible to
inhabitants; but that it was favorable to them
was proved by the door, being again closed,
and the Indians retiring without having creas
ed the threshold.
The next morning; they saw the smoke rais
ing from the burning habitations all around
them ; parents were weeping for their chil
dren who - were carried off. and children la
menting over their parents who had been cru
elly slain. .
Some years afterward ; when peace was re
stored, and the colonists had occasion to hold
conference with the Indians, this friend was
appointed as one for that purpose, and speak
ing in favor of the Indians, related the above
incident; in reply to which an Indian observ
ed that, the simple circumstance of puling out
the latch string, which proved confidence rath
er than fear, their lives as well as their prop
erty had been saved ; for that he himself had
been one of the maruding party, and that an
finding the door open it was said, These peo
ple shall live; they will do us no barm; for
they put their trust in the Great Spirit '
During the whole of the American Revolu
tion, indeed, the Indians though incited by the
whites to kill and scalp the enemy, never mo
lested the Friends, as the people of Father
Onas, or Wm. Penn, and as the avowed op
ponents of all violence. Through the whole
war there were but two instances to the con
trary, and they were occasioned by the two
friends themselves.. I he one. was a young
man a tanner, who went to his tan yard and
back daily ' unmolested, while devastation
spread on all sides; but, at length, thought
lessly carrying a gun to shoot birds, the Indi
ans in ambush, believed that he had deserted
his principles, and shot him. The other was
a woman, who, when the dwellings of her
neighbors were nightly fired, and the people,
themselves murdered, was importuned by the
officers of a neighboring fort to take refuge
there until the danger was over. For some
time she refused and remained unharmed
amid general destruction; but, at length, let
ting in fear, she went for one night to the fort
but was so uneasy, that the next morning she
quitted it to return to her home. The Indi
ans, however, believed she too bad abandoned
liei pi iiiLiples, aud joined the fighting part Of
the community, and before she reached home
she was shot by them." '
All for the Pnion.
A Washington correspondent of the New.
York HeraldV after declaring .that 'a strong
Union sentiment pervades the people of this
cttyj Washington J which is shared in by all
the Senators, and members there, proceeds
thus: . - - .
The Union sentiment is moving the mem
bers of the Administration and of Cougress,
in a remarkable manner, as will be seen from
the following schedule:
Hon. Truman Smith is married to a lady of
Alabama. - 1
Hon. Mr. Gil more, of Pennsylvania, is mar
ried to a lady in Maine, a niece of Mr. John
Voaghan. . '
Hon. Mr. Cabell, of Florido, is married to
the beautiful Miss Wilcox, of St Louis. Ma .
General Waddy Thompson, (one of the
few union men of South Carolina) is married
to Miss Jones of North Carolina. Heaven
grant that all South Carolina may be wedded
in indissoluble bonds to the patriotic State
of North Carolina.
Hon. Mr. Linn Boyd, of Ky. was married
last session to a lady of Pennsylvania.
Hon. Mr. Taylor, of Ohio, is a bridegroom,
and hence panting for the Union.
Hon. Mr. Conrad, Secretary of War, is
about to be married to a lady, who is not only
fascinating.but every way worthy of so staunch
and patriotic a union man himself; and Mr.
Bay, of Missouri, is about to be married to a
lady in Georgetown.
God bless the ladies, one and all! They
are silently and unobstrusively doing more
for the Union than all the men, by cherishing
at the sacred fireside of home, those patriotic
American sentiments which the disquisitions
of politics seem to drive out of the brains of
the men. May they be prosperous and hap
py, and be the worthy mothers of worthy
union men. The women have the rearing of
the rising generation entrusted the their ma
ternal care. - In their hands the Union is safe.
God bless them.
Edccatiof in South Carolina. Got.
Seabrook, in his -recent message to the Legis
lature says that over twenty thousand persons
in South Carolina are ignorant of the alphabet