Newspaper Page Text
FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, AUGUST 21 1852.
nn o v m a
Jl.i U U JI'J ;V.!I. V.IN
iL JL ALU JLU IL Y JLL JL JL
: WHIG MBETISG,
" ' ' . Wm. E. Rabiosoa's Speech.
0.2?e-Hampshir Democracy ami Catk-
.. . ... .,, r. elic Emandpalio n. , :
.There was a large ud most spirited da
atonstration at the Urge hall corn cr of th
Bowery and Bayard-st- N. Y. on Friday eve
wg, by th friends of Scott and Grisih
At an earlv hoar delegations arrived and
planted their banners against the walL ' One
banner read, "Sixth Ward at their Posts,"
and another, "Scott and Graham Compromise
Club, Sixth Ward." Soon after 8 o'clock,
lh Unionist Club, in procession, headed by
n band of music, arrived in strong force.
Their banner, a rich and beautiful silk one,
bear the inscription, "The Unionist N. Y."
The Club was received with cheers. Three
liters were given for the Fourh Congression
ai District. - -
The meeting was organizen by designating
Christian W. Schaffer, Esq, as its President,
and the following gentleman as Vice-Preai-"
dents: Mr. Edwards, of the 17 th Ward,
W. a Gregory of the XlVth Ward, and John
A. Tardy, of the Vlth Ward. The organiza
tion was completed by naming the following
Secretaries: J. H. Evera and B. C. Van
"Wyck. Silas C. Herring, Esq, President of
the Unionist Club, was invited by . the mee
ting to take seat upon the platform, and. was
-greeted with tremenduous cheers.
Ma. Robinson said he had just returned
from Concord. New-Hampshire, where he
had examined the fountains of . Democracy.
He referred to the speech made by George
Dallas, in the Museum at Philadelphia,
Jane 7. '32. in which that gentleman said;
i "The aspersion -against Pierce of having
favored the Catholic test, still retained in the
Coaatitutien of New Hampshire is a weak
invention of a frightened enemy. - He said it
-was true such a1 provision, excluding Catho
lics from occupying a seat in the Legislature
or becoming Governor, was engrafted on the
Constitution of that State, but it was also true
that Levi Woodbury and Franklin Pierce had
ebtaiued the passage of laws providing for
the holding of two Slate. Conventions to
amend that Constitution.. In both cases an
Amended Constitution was submitted to the
ota of the People, but a two-third vote be
ing rvquifite, t was defeated by a: combina
tion of Whigs and Abolitionists."
Mr. Robinson also quoted from the . speech
of Charles O'Cooor. of this City, made in
Tammany Hall, on the evening of June 0 and
published in The Truth-Teller of July 3, in
which he said that ' Franklin Pierce comes
"By all his antecedent and all his connec
tions. He is the sen of Benjamin Pieree.
He (Franklin Pierce) and his political associ
ates brought forward aa a.aeadment abolish
ing this (the Anti- Catholic) unjust this
odieaa distinction. By means of his
zealous advocacy, " this : benign reform was
adopted by the Convention. . He also advo
cated it at the polls. When reli-
srteus irbertv needed a . champion, be was
found in Franklin Pierce."
Mr. R. also referred to (he assertion of Mr.
'Conor, " that his latest information was from
Franklin Pierce, - who expressed a strong
hone that Catholic emancipation had been or
would be carried in New-Hampshire, and
said that these assertions of Messrs. Dallas
mad O' Conor were now received throughout
tbe country, and unfortunately some Whig
papers, deceived by the respectability of the
authority, had joined in receiving them as ac
knowledged public opinion, though there was
cot one word of truth in either assertion.
On the contrary, Mr. Robinson laid down
the following propositions, and so earnest was
be in challenging an investigation, that he
announced that he would deposit, in the
bands of Simeon Draper, one hundred dollars
to be forfeited ana given up to any one tbat
would prove that in any one of these proposi
tions he misstated the facts. The decision to
be left to Robert Emmet
1. Franklin Piere did not speak at all in fa
tot of Catholic Emancipation during the
whelo time the Catholic test was before the
2. He had nothiag to do with "bringing for
ward" the subject ; The resolution abolish
ing the teat was drawn up by Mr. Parker, of
.Nashua, Whig, sod was "Drought forward"
by Mr. Parker Nor. 13, when it was discuss
ed in Convention.
3. It was knowd I throughout ' New-Hampshire
that Catholic Emancipation " wai finally
defeated by an overwhelming vote some eight
" or ten weeks before Mr. O'Cooor spoke in
4. When Religious Liberty needed a cham
pion Gen. - Pierce" was found wanting.
Though after Catholic Emancipation had been
carried in Convention he found time, while
making a speech on the Property Qualifica
tion, to excuse and apologise for the test big
try by saying it was a dead lettt r and a
blank, which was simply stating that Catholics
would perjure themselves to get into office,
by a wearing to support a Constitution which
expressly shut them out . .
' 5. That so far from all his "antecedents"
being right, his father, Benjamin Pierce, vo
ted to put the anti-Catholic clause into; the
Constitution, and voted for the Allen and Se
dition Lara of old John Adams I .
' 6. That so far from Catholic Emancipation
falling only for want of a two-thirds vote, it
bad not one-sixth of the votes cast through
out the State at ths same election for Gover
nor, and did not come near a simple majority
of tbe" small rote cast on this question.
1. That in place of there being any high
confidence in New-Hampshire of Catholic
Emancipation being carried, the general opin
ion is, hat unless we draw a line aronnd
New-Hampshire, ' saying, that while the
plague spot ia on her, and the ship is unpuri
fied. oo man. captain nor crew, shall land, and
thus, by the defeat of Geoeral Pierce, bring
his biirotted nartv to their senses, tbe Oath
olics in that State stand no chance of being
.Emancipated for half a century. . : -
8, And in a word, in fine, that the father,
Benjamin Pierce, was a red hot enemy of the
Catholics, and a suppirter of tbe Alien and
Sedition acts, and that Franklin Pierce, the
young chicken, so learned to follow the old
Kne that he raised not a voice in favor of
abolishing his father's bigotry, during the
whole time the subject was under discussion
in a Convention of which he was a leading
member and President
Mr. Kobinson referred to the tact tbat in
the Loco-Foco Baltimore Convention there
were some thirteen candidates found with
marks of popular favor upon them.
A dog in by drophobia could not have
manifested more rage at the sight of water
than these aristocratic Baltimore Delegates
exhibited toward everything on which was tbe
mark of popular favor. Nor did the "pho
bia" get off till every vestage of popular fa
vor was removed from their sight, and buried
beneath the aristocratie'device of a two-thirds
rule. And then a shout went up. not that
anybody had won, but that everybody had
been defeated, and that everybody's favorite
TBE OLD CANT.
Mr. Robinson disclaimed any wish to use
epithets, but he knew that the whole politi
cal capital ei tbe fierce party was bogus:
and without intending to apply the epithet to
any one when he found a falsehood or a for
gery, be would call it so. - It be did not ex
pose falsehood and forgery, he would be false
to his native and adopted countries, and
false to the cause of true republicanism.
He had labored through 12 years afhis
life in this country, with 'all the strength
which God had given him, to tread down all
sorts of bigotry .political and religious, and he
would continue in the same path in despite of
all tbe abuse and misrepresentation which he
bad already met and would yet have to en
counter from some unprincipled presses to
which he referred, but which he said he scorn
ed as conscious rectitude can well afford to
scorn tbe rusted shafts of calumny falling
from impenetrable shield.
He referred to the forgery and falsehood
with which naturalized citizens were appealed
to against Harrison and Taylor, which history
has proved to be false, as history will yet
prove the charges against Gen. Scott false.
He pictured the blood-hound venom with
which these same pack of slanderers hunted
Henery Clay into a grave which even their
superhuman mallignity could not rob of its
transcendent glory, and around which these
same blood-hounds, now changed into croco
diles, pretend to shed oceans of tears at the
death of one who, while living, they tried to
make naturalized citizens believe was worthy
of a dog's burial in place of pestliumus honors.
To what lengths must our patience be abused
as naturalized citizens? How long shall we
be insulted by being put io draw the water
with which to drown, or hew the wood with
which to consume ' the alters reared in
American hearts to a Clay and a Scott, to
raise in their stead alters to the tdola of
Polk and a Pierce ? How long will it be ex
pected that we shall paltry or break the arm
that bumbled the pride of England, to raise
and sustain the arm which refused to move a
muscle t remove tbe disgrace which tbe el
der Pierce had fastened on the necks of all
but one sect in New-Hampshire ?
Oae great falsehood of this Campaign is
saying that franklin fierce advocated Caih
olic Emancipation when it was before tht
late New-Hampshire convention, llie great
forgery of the Campaign is the pretended
letter of Gen. Scott to George W. Read, on
Nativeism. ' , -
FEW-HAMPSHIRE CONSTITCTIOKAL HISTORY.
And here Mr. R. gave a sketch of the con
stitutional History of New-Hampshire. H
The first constitution was farmed in Exe
ter in 1776, and was called the "Tempo
rary constitution." 1 read it in manuscript,
and found in it no anti-Catholic test,so that we
had ao bigotry till after the Revolution.
This Temporary constitution continued for
eight years and six months.
in 1778, a convention was called to meet
at Concord, and summitted the form of a
constitution to the people in 1770, and that
was rejected. - Another was formed and sub
mitted in 1781, and that also was rejected,
Another was formed in 1782, and that too
was rejected. A fourth form was agreed upon,
and this was accepted by a two-thirds vote.
It was known as - the; 'New constitution."
This continued in force till 1792, when an
other constitution was adopted, which contin
ues in force, and is tbe one to amend which
the attempt was made in 1850-52, and this
is called "The revised constitution,"
CONSTITUTION OF 1792.
And this brings us to the opening of the
Pieice dynasty in New-Hampshire. We
shall find, henceforth, the name of Pierce and
The convention to revise the - New-Constitution
met at Concord, September 7, 1791.
Among its members, I find several of the old
Revolutionary names, and prominont among
them Maj. Benjamin Pierce, (as he is put
down) of Hillsborough, the father of Franklin
Pierce. ' I find also, Jeremiah Smith, of
Petersborougb, Arron Greeley, of Hopkinton,
Major Caleb Stark, of Dunbarton and Bow,
fee, Samuel Livermore, of Holderness, was
chosen President, and John Calfe, of Hamp
On tbe second day of the session, a motion
was made to strike out tbe sixth article (as it
now stands) in the Bill of Rights, providing
for "the support and maintainance of the pub
lic Protestant teachers." The yeas were 14,
(Greeley, Stark, Whipple, Hutching, &c,
among the yeas.) The Nays were 88, and
Benjamin Pierce, Franklin's father, and
Charles O'Conor's respected and confined-in
"antecedent," voted agaist Religious Liberty.
.' September 10, the fourth day of the con
vention, a motion was made to strike out from
section 14, nnder form of government (as it
now stands) prescribing qualifications for
members of the House of Representatives,
the words "shall be of the Protestant Religion'
Upon this the Yeas and Nays were taken ;
Yeas for Religious Liberty S3, and among
them Jeremiah Smith, Aaron Greeley, Will-
iam Parmer, Caleb Stark, ifcc. Nays, for th
Penal Laws and Anli-Popery, 51, and among
them Beniamin Pierce, r- ranklin s father, and
Charles O'Conor's favorite antecdent A form
of a constitution was finally agreed upon, and
was ordered to be submitted to the peopl
on the first Monday in May, 1792, and th
convention adjourned till tbe 30th of the
On the first day of June, 1792, the votes of
the people were counted, and it was found
that some parts of the constitution were ac
eepted, and soma parts rejected, for want of
atwo-thids vote (that .L.oco-roco two-'.uird
rule is an awful thine!) and it further ap
peared that some of the propositions rejected
were necessary to make sense ot those ac
cepted, so that a committee, appointed to
bring order out of that confusion, reporte
that the' parts accepted and approved by the
people "were inconsistent with tbe conslitu
tion and with each other," yet, as the peepl
had accepted them, nobody could dare des
The report of the convention which I ex
amined is a volume, partly in manuscript and
partly in print, which is preserved with great
care in tbe Secretary of State's office ; but it
does not give the precise form in which the
clauses rejected were submitted to tbe people.
It seems, however, that notwithstanding
Pieree's anti-Popery penal votes, the term
Protestent was omitted in the qualifications
for some oraoes for which, it is probable, they
were rejected. Joe this as it may, a commit
tee was apptinted to recommend what new
amendments should be adopted to please the
people. That committee reported pretty
much the same old dish, rehashed and ad
ditionally peppered with Protestantism and
property, to suit the taste of the Pierce ep
tures, and was submitted again to the peo
ple on the 27th at August, 1 92.
SUBMITTED TO THE PEOPLE.
The Convention met finally at Concord
September 5, 1792, when the votes were
counted, and it was found that the whole
number of votes cast was 3,100, of which
2,122 were for, and 978 against the constitu
tion. It was thus carried by abont 55 votes
more than the necessary two:thirds vote,
so that if there bad been only 28 additional
votes ngainst this bigoted and disgraceful
constitution, it would have been defeated
It is remarkable that on the vote on this
constitution, excluding Catholics from office,
some of the towns that are now Whig voted
very decidedly against it Thus the Whig
town Exeter gave 59 votes against it and not
one for it Ibe Whig town of Dover gave
43 rotes against it and only 24 for it While
the Loco Foeo town of Gillmanton gave 41
votes for it and nor one against it
The Loco-Foco town of New-Durham gave
14 votes for it and not one against it The
Loco-Foco town of Hillsborough Benjamin
Pierce's adopted town, and of which he was
the Representative, and 1 ranklin fierce s na
tive town, and which he afterward represen
ted in the Legislature gavelG for it and
not one against it Had it been necessary for
some Dallas to make an excuse for tbe adop
tion of that constitution, he would have said
that it was owing to some mysterious com
bmation ot cyphers nice tnsr above that pre
vented the two-third units from defeating
There's the record, as I found it in a care
fully preserved book in the office of the Sec
retary of State at Concord in New-Hampshire,
and there's the commendable "antece
dent" of Franklin Pierce.
WHAT IS THIS CONSTITUTION ? .
And thus was formed the constitution which
is now in full force in one of the States of our
American Union, which claims that the
American people must, by a two-thirds rule
kill off Cass, Buchanan and Douglas to make
room for the son of tbe father who framed
that bigoted instrument, and for the leader of
the party which refuses to exert itself for its
There are two or three points in this con
stitution to which I wish to draw public at
tention. I copy from the official copy printed
in 1852 by the State printers:
Bill ot Rights. Sectien 8 authorizes the
towns, (fee. to make provision "for the support
and maintenance ot public Protestant teach
ers of piety, religion and morality."
toirn of Government Section 14. "Every
member of the House of Representatives.
shall be of the Protestant re
ligion, and shall cease to represent such town,
parish or place immediately on ceasing to be
qualified as aforesaid."
section 29. "Provided, nevertheless that no
person shall be capable of being elected a
Senator who is not of the Protestant religion."
section 42. "Ibe Governor. w m m.
shall be of the Protestent religion."
section 61. "And the qualification for
Counsellors shall be the same as for Senator."
3ec. 99. It shall be the duty of the Se
lectmen and Assessors of the several towns
and places in this State, in warning the first
annual meetings for the choice of Seniors,
after the expiration of seven years from the
adoption of this constitution, as amended, to
insert expressly in the warrant this purpose
among the ethers, for the meeting to wit; to
take the sense of the qualified voters on the
subject of a revision of the constitution : and
the meeting being warned accordingly, and
not otherwise, the mederator shall take the
sense of tbe qualified voters present as to the
necessity of a revision ; and return of tbe
number of votes for and against such necessi
ty shall be made by tbe Clerk, sealed up and
directed to the General Court at their then
next session ; and if it shall appear to the Gen
eral Court by such return, that tbe sense ot
the people of the State has been taken, and
that in the opinion of the majority of the quali
fied voters in the State, present and voting
at said meetings, there is a necessity for a re
vision of the constitution, it shall be the duty
of the General Court to call a convention for
that purpose; otherwise the Genera! Court
shall direct the sense of the people to be ta-
ken and then proceed in the manner before
mentioned, ibe delegates to be chosen
the same manner, and proportioned as the
Representees to the General Court; provided This Constitution has been in existence six
that no alteration shall be made in this con- ty years Eight times since, has it been sub
stitution before the same shall be laid before mitted to the people, whether it should be
to towns and unincorporated places, and ap
proved by two-thirds of the qualibed voters
present and voting on the subject
Sec. 100. And the same method of taking
the sense ot the people as to the revision of
the constitution, and calling a convention for
mat purpose, shall be observed afterwards,
at tbe expiration of every seven years.
HOWKST OPINIONS ON IT.
State of New Hamshire. feStrinrr in it,, hia-
v " t iiU, uci C 19 ttIC VsUIlBLlLUWUU Ul 1116
otry in religion and aristocracy in properly,
7t i t r Too 8D, 7a KnUt B,'emPy to the people of the Sute. whether a conven
chauge.t, from 1,92 to 1850- and yet for tion the conBtilution ,hould becall-
. w - ,uiry-ar.njr inn oe8J.
irn:r w m ma m m rr i nur 1 1 inn .airiai si lira
Counsellor and Governor.and Frank!
for a period of over twenty years, was the
r.ou oi o,Br twepvy years, was e
'T.rT "m" 'ue P" " Pwer:
ui me beiauwr. .line same year n.s Miner
was Governor.) and Speaker of the House of
Representatives the two succeeding years
for over a dreary half century of penal laws,
no member of tbe Pierce family made one
single speech urgiug the justice of Catholic
emancipation. Nay, more, it will be seen
that a bare majority of the the people could
have ordered the Constitution amended every
seventh year by a simple majority, and teere
bound to vote every seventh year whether the
Constitution should be amended. Four times
did these seven year trials occur since Frank
lin Pierce was elected a member and Speak
er of the House of Representatives, yet dumb
as an eyster and dark as a dungeon did he
keep himself. Thus did he champion the
cause ef Religious Liberty. Well may every
Catholic say to Mr. Pierce in the language
of Israel's Inspired Proverbist "Because I
have called and ye refused. I al
so will laugh at your calamity ; I will mock
when your fear cometh.'
Let us see what this New Hampshire enor
mity is. It is an enormity in the eyes of all
men, not only Catholics, but liberal Republi
cans of all sects. It is the penal and test
idea of the House of Brunswick and Guelph.
it is the enormity wbicb the British Tory Ad
ministratioD of Peel and Wellington abolished
c t v .i i- . , .
ior lnsn vai nones in ioy, vnen i: ranklin
Pc . a i .y
l a mm first trmlr ht aoai in iha X a n l-fannn.
r . a , -v-r it . . .
shire Legislature. New Hampshire Locofoco-
"m nn? d87 more b!Sted a"d be80tted
uuan x,r.. Toryism was tweniy-tnree years np a gtorm 0f argument 0r a wave of tes
ago and Lord Roden, Tresham Gregg or ti on; to waft a fe.ther or drown i-lief-
rirT i " S ?
r ....... f mrcw u true xvepuo.ican voles.
"7rl nura rmriianwwio am-
ohes, while New Hampshire refuses to open
her Legislature. If Thomas Francis Meag-
r a! T a 1. Ti l . . j- i
her should get naturalized there, if Charles
Carroll, of Carrollton, the last living signer of
our Declaration of Independence had chosen
w resiae mere, or u our present uniei Justice
ot the Supreme Court of the United States,
nen. xwger jo. xanney, snouid cnoose to live
there, one and all would be excluded from
fr n vhn. it ...
the right to a seat in the New Hampshire
two-penny Legislature, unless they perjured
uiemseives, or loreswore ineir creea and
this is the kind of Democracy which every
man endorses who votes for if ranklin Pierce,
the leader of that Democracy in New Hamp-
shire whom the Loco Foeo Press informs us
it was intended to compliment by his nomina-
tion. Well might Judge Woodbury sav. as
he did in the New Hampshire Constitutional
Convention, that this New Hampshire enor-
mity branded the Catholic, "though educated,
and talented, and virtuous, with infamy and
disgrace, and sent him and his family through
our streets and social circ!es,marked like Cain,
as a sort of degraded outcast or helot, not fit
to be intrusted with either legislative or ex-
ecutive rights, though bestowed fully on the
mosi ignorant and reprooate.
pierce s opinion of it.
Such was the opinion of Judge Woodbury,
such is the opinion of every honest republican I
of every sect Now what has been the Frank-
n Pierce's denunciation of the enormity ?
Did he concur with Judge Woodbuiy in de-
nonncing it as a disgrace ? -
Truly, na We are told that old Beniamin
Pierce got Franklin Pierce to write his mess
sages, as he could not even spell the word
out - Abis is quite likely, w ell, r ranklin I
Pierce was a member of the Legislature in I
829. InJune. 1829.BeniaminPierce.be-
2 Governor of the State, sent in his annual
message to the House of Representatives, of
bich this b ranklin Pierce was a leading mem -
ber. Well, this Franklin Pierce, in that an-
ual message of his father, said, just after
wearing to a constitution which excludes
Catholics from the four principal offices of the
"To look abroad and behold ever citizen, b
ithout distinction of sect or rank, exercising
the full and equul rights of civil and religious
liberty (?) are alone sufficient to excite emo-
tions ef gratitude too strong ever to be oblit-
Here Franklin Pierce put it into the mouth
of his Father, the Governor, to insult deliber-
ately ever lover of truth, equal rights and re-
publican liberality, by saying that bis emotions
of Gratitude were too strong ever to be oblit-
erated in glorying in that bogus system of
equal rights which marked the most numer-
ous sect in Christendom with the disgrace of
the helot and the mark of Cain. Why should opposed this, in a speech, ot wmcn the toiiow
the people of New Hampshire change their ing is a brief report, given officialy in The
dnstitution when tbe leader ot (he uemocra-
cy of tbat State then, and the leader of the
Democracy of the United States now, saw the
Catholics branded as outcasts and helots, and
excluded from offices open to the negros, with
feelings of gratitude "too strong ever to be
I There is Franklin Pierce's idea of chatnpi-
ioning Religious Liberty that a State where
a Calbolio cannot hold an office, even should
the whole people of the State vote for him, is
sucb a political Paradise that admiration burns
in it so deeply into his affeotions that time can-
not obliterate the record.
- reformed, and never has the dominant party
in the State made it a test of principle. Nev-
er has Franklin Pierce called a meeting to
I denounce the burotrv. . Ibe mote in the eve
of the Rhode Island Constitution they viewed
through a magnifying glass, in the Dorr Re-
I hellion. 1 hey reversed tbe instrument when
examining the beam in their own.
CONSTITUTION CONVENTION OF 1850-52,
. 1 "w "Jl"' '
t i. . .t. 1
,.; in ,. T
ft wag . , mi,jority 0f ,lie Votes
- - - -
fcut if u hg4 depended on Pierce's par
, . , . ...Cj t .u
ty. it would have failed. Two or three Whig
compared with a few Locofoco towns.
vm suffice to show this. I eive the votes for
d .gt caH the eonTeneion, and the
P w,,-6j Tfx, .nj;H..
vote for the Whig and Locofoco candidates,
at the general election the same year, (1850:)
WHIG TOWNS. .
Keoao .... ...
North wood 63
Albany 7 84.
Hrooktield 16 U.
.Strafford ...3 183..
Warner 67 163.
Dllaworth 7 60.
COMPARISON or VOTES.
Here Whig Dover gives nearly five to one
for the convention ; Locofoco Albany twelve
t0 one 8ain8t l ' Whig Keene gives over four
to one for it ; Locofoco Ellsworth eight to one
against it 1 Yet Hon. Geo. M. Dallas says the
Whigs and Freesoilers combined to defeat
the benevolent intentions of the Pierce party !
In the Whig town of Keene it will be seen
there were but 1 99 votes for the Pierce Gov
ernor, but there wore 281 votes for constitu
U0LDat rei.Iorm ; wniIa lDe.lowx? 1L!
where there were only six hig votes, all
i a .1 . . Tll .
. i. " . M:r
1 tuiu, lucre wuic hy utca auoiuoi wvsiomhu-
I . ' P
uuuai icivi in -uini iou tissues o "m
vote8 inst h a8 thre are Whig votes in
the whole town. But what use in summon-
I the town of Ellsworth the figures indicate
fc tfc whole whi yoU wUh OQe Freesoler
I "CUi iui vvuitiukutiviim ictvi idi anu . fc
Toeofooo vote with the remainder of the
Kreesoilera( wen, for keeping the mark of
Q . UDOn the Catho.icg. b
But notwithstanding Locofoco opposition.
the convention was called, and met in Con
cord, on the 6th dav of November. 1850.
I ... ....
ranklin Pierce was elected from Concord,
and was chosen President of the convention.
In his speech on taking the Chair, in place of
speaking a kind word in favor of Catholic
Emancipation, he passed a glowing eulogy on
the wisdom, enlightenment, purity, and pat-
riotism, of these who, in 1792, fastened the
stisrma on the Catholics. Thus, when reli-
gious liberty needed a champion, Franklin
Pierce, from the Chair of a convention called
to reform the abuse, had not one word to sav
against the iniquity but honeyed phrases for
those who made it (See Concord Patriot
The Patriot, P'.erce.s organ, then and now,
Uand hereafter, should he be elected.) had a
leading editorial on the convention the day
it met, but not one word in favor of Catholic
Emancipation. On the contrary, it warned
the convention to "bo careful lo do no more
then the people require" Ihe people show-
ed that they did not require Catholic Eman-
cipation. as not one-sixth of the voters after-
ward voted for it.
November 11. 1850. JuJo-e Woodburv
made a motion to trike out the word "Prot-
estant" from the Bill of Rights. On the same
dav. Franklin Pierce made a speech in favor
of retaining the word subject.' instead of o7-
zen ot inhabitant, in the constitution, but this
"zealous champion" had not a word to say in
favor of Judge Woodbury's motion.
Mr. Bell, of Gilford, moved toatrike out the
whole of tbe sixth clause, except the provi-
so, which reads as tol'ws:
"As morality and piety, rightly grounded
on evangelical principles, will give the best
and greatest security to Govero-jieat, and will
lay in the hearts ef men the strongest obliga-
uons io uue suoiecuon; anu. as ine Knowi-
edge of these is most likely to be propagated
through a society by ' the institution of the
public worship of the Doity, and of public in-
struction in morality and religion, therefore,
to promote those important purposes, the peo-
pie of this State have a right to empower and
do hereby fully empower the Legislature to
authorize from time to time the several towns.
p arishes, bodies corporate, or religious societies
within this State, to make adequate provision.
at their own expense, for the support and
maintainance of publio Proestant teachers of
piety, religion and morality."
Franklin Pierce, of Concord, warmly
uoncora rairiot oi noremoer iz:
"Mr. Pierce, of Concord, said be would be
sorry to have the questson taken upon the mo
tion of the gentleman from Gilford, (Mr Bell,)
to strike out all the sixth article but the last
clause of the proviso He was sure the mover
would, upon reflection, desire to retain the
first part of that article on every ground, and
especialy as the deliberate expression of opin
ion of wise and patriotic men of a past gene
ration, (his father, &c,) upon tbe question as
to what "will give the best and gratest securi
ty to Government." He believed that what
was so forcibly expressed in the Constitution
of '92 would be solemnly reaffirmed as the de
liberative, unanimous judgement of this Con
aen tion." . t
Now, here is the only speech he made on
the test, and if that is not indorsing the Anti
Catholic clauses, framed by his father, I do
not know what language means.
Nov. 12, The Patriot again had an articK'
warning the Convention not to make any a-'
mendments but such as are clearly indicated
by the people. ;
PIERCE AQAINST REFORM.
In Convention, Nov. 12, the Committee on.
Religious and Property Tests, reported in fa
vor of their repeal. The sixth article, as a
bove, was Uken up. Franklin Pierce said :
"It was his tamest desire to retain not only,
ALL the principles, but, as far as vracticabli
the language of this section." He spoke In
favor of retaining the word "Evangelical,"
which is generally applied to the church which ,
he attends in Concord. He spoke several ,
times during the day, but not one single argu
ment did he produce or hint at in favor of
The same day. Franklin Pierce spoke upon
the Judiciary. Indeed he seemed anxious to
"spread himself" upon almost every subject
but upon bis father's Anti-Catholic policy ,
TIIF DECISIVE DISCrSSION. ... , .
The great and decisive discussion on the
Anti-Catholic Test came off on Nov.. 13. I.
might remark here, that the fulsome nonsense
going the rounds of the Loco-Foco papers that
Mr. Pierce descended from the Presidents
chair.itc, is nothing but nonsense of a very rid
iculous stri pe. The discussion took place in
Committee of the whole, and the President
was not in the chair at all 1 The Chair on
this day (Nov. 13) was occupied by Mr. Saw
yer, of JMashua. The first resolution waa to
strike out all religious,test and Judge Woodbu-.
ry made a long speech upon it He contended
th at, in the Bill of Rights, all were made e
qual, and yet all but Protestents are made un
equal: "You hold out the husk, but withhold
the kernel; you allow fire-arms, but neither
gunpowder nor lead to lead them." :
He contended that "all other than Protec
tant sects are virtually deprived of represent- f
tion as they are made ineligible to the Legis-1
lature. lbeir opinions and wishes- are un-
heard there from themselves. They are Jran-f
ded, they are rfr iven forth as with the majk of
Lain, for servitude and tgnominyv' He con-:
tinued, "Indeed this test debars man from '
what we allow to the degraded African, as
he iselligible here to hold office as well to vote. ;
While the present test continues," said he "it
is with an ill grace we can call other countries
bigoted, who, like England, have emancipated
the Catholics." - ,
Mr. Parker, of Nashua, followed, and con
tended that there was no opposition to stri-
king out the test. - .
Mr. Robinson, of Salisbury, followed io fa- '
vor of abolishing the test and it passed in com- -: '
mittee of the whole without opposition, and
without one single remark from frank-
lin Pierce in it favor. -
W hat then shall we say of the speech, now
going the rounds of the papers, attribu
ted to Franklin Pierce, which, we are told, he
left the eh air, (which be did not occupy.) to
make ? I am sorry that I am compelled to ex
pose here one of the meanest tricks ever re
sorted to, to defraud and deceive the people.
A CUNNINO DODGE. .
As soon as it was known that Franklin ;
Pierce was nominated at Baltimore, the liberal
minded m,n of all sects, and particularly tbe '
naturalized citizens, declared that unless it
could be proved that Franklin Pierce bad '
advocated or favored the repeal of the
Catholic disability, they would not rote for '
him. When Mr. Dallas spoke in Philadephia, '
the very next week-day evening after the
nomination of Mr. Pierce, he could not have '
seen any public charge made airainst Mr.
Pierce, for neglect of duty in this respect '
But as the inspired Proverbist informs us. "The ;
wieked flee ' when no man pursueth," he sta
ted that Franklin Pierce bad advocated the
repeal of the Anli-Cathohe test On searching
the records, no speech' could be found, but it '
was decided on, that something in the shane
of a speech should be, post facto, put into
ins mouth, some dodge must be resorted to,
and the leaders seemed to sav anv dotW.
however despicable, will be eood enootrh fur
the Catholics, who won't know the difference. '
he telegraph soon informed us that The-'
Washington Union weald, the next morning. '
contain the speech of Franklio Pierce on this
subject, which he condescended to make, and
even descended from tbe chair to deliver.
Though the speech was first published in
The Washington Union and copied into The -
Ohio Statesman of June 16, yet the dodge, I
believe, was concocted ia Concord, and, I
cannot help thinking, by the assistance of
Frauklin Pierce himself. Accordingly The
Concord Patriot, of June 17, 1S52. contains
the speech which was to gull and deceive ev
ery liberal-minded naturalized citizen, and so
far the forgery has succeeded admirablv.
On refering to the official report of the pro-
ceedings in The Concord Patriot, I found tbat
b ranklin Pierce had not spoken at all upon
the subject; but on looking further I found
that after the Religious test had been abolished
without opposition, and laid aside as eoraple- -.
ted, and the Property test coming np, Frank- :
lin Pierce made a speech in favor of striking ..
out the property test, and in that speech the
only reference he made to the religious test.
was mat h nan oeen a "dead letter." And
though it had been a "stigma" upon the State, .
he refered to other parts of the Constitution
to excuse their fathers' bigotry. Indeed, he
contended that the great question of religious
toleration was settled ; which if it meant anr
thing, meant that there was no necessity to '