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FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY. OCTOBER 2, 1832.
A TIIo Slander Repelled BrllHattt
Speech of Sen. Scott to the Germans.
; Judge Heyl waled upon General Scott, and
- on behalf of some of our German citizens re
ferred to a paragraph . from the West bote, a
German paper published in this city, and oon
- tainmg the statement that General Scott, tied
- to one tree one flogged fifteen Germacs, while
.. to Mexico. - - -.'."
.Other charges, of Via having hanged others,
- cruelly and unjustly, were also referred to. ....
Never have we witnessed a scene more im
posing! than when the old chieftain, with quick
. .and indignant response, repeuea tue wise anu
- - sn&lienant charge Lofty in stature, and stand
ing at least four inches above - the tallest of
'" those among whom he stood, his form seemed
. gigantic, as with heightened color ana nasn
ing eye, and a wave of his hand that express--cd
a calm defiance of all ; such assailants, he
uttered his. emphatic protest against assaults
; s that paragraph presented:
;; "New, and before unknown to me, are such
icings as have now been told to me. They
surprise and they; pain me. They at once
concern all that I value personally, and aim
- -a blow at all that, wherein, if 1 know mysell,
1 have the higheet pride. " They attack ray
-own identity 1 - The principles for which, I had
believed, I need never search my own besom
"in vain, are here undermined, or denied me !
." 1 am met with charges -of injustice ;. and cru-
elty while - leading an -. Anvnean Army
'. through Mexico, and while' participating alike
inits trials and its triumphs!; -
"Gentleman, it war my .lot to lead -an
American armv upon a foreign field. I went
resolved to sustain, in the fore-front of my
- progress, the kigh-tide-water-mork of our
own AmtrttanUivUizauou,, in ail its moral
.and civil virtue.. The standard of our own
and not tht practices of that foreign country,
' .he standard which I sought for the Gov--ernment
of men's passions and the control of
he license and excesses of war. . Alike to A-.J-ttcam,
whether native or of foreign birth,
-and to Mexicans,! declared my purpose, and
exhibited my principles of action. .
'- "l promulgated the martial code." Doubt
. less you all have read it. ' It announced the
- pirit of our progress, and held amenable to
: punishment - alt who ' forgot manhood, and
". threatened to bring shame upon our flag
; . -dishonor to our arms or a reproach upon our
Tirtwe! Wituoat it, we bad not conquered
. rif we had con vuered, the brightest trophy of
-our conquest been wanting. It would nave
' keen a physical triumph, and a physical tri-
simpb alone. -Humanity would have disown
s d us. I promulgated that order.' Read -it,
. nd read U again, gentleman, and then bear
mt witness, that it was in my heart, as it was
almost hourly . on- my lips, for continued
. months. So carry with: American arms, and
.- sinder tfce'Araerican Ing,even into an enemy's
ciewa.try. aH the elements of social order, and
.; hat regard fc personal right, that belonged
. to OBTuwnfree institutions-io the United
Stwtes.'v.-o v-.';' y. ;' r.' -
.... "Yee.l sought to carry with me, and re
- solved to maintain, at alt hazard?, among my
own command, and also - that people among
- whom we should be thrown, that high stan
dard of virtse, and honor,' which we boasted
. ft home. ; Had, I wet been less than an A
V tnerican, and recreant to the hightesl interests
of humanity, and the age w rejoice in, if 1
iad done less? -.Ttoey -say I hanged torn
: Germane, and. tied up and flogged others.
Ceotlemen, ome persons were hanged in Mex
ico.;, The names of aM of there I do not now
;-. recoilect..--Whether any,, were Germans or
" not, I know ot.-But for vhoi- yes, for what
were they.fcanged. I hanged one far njarder,
' gentleman- I hanged '. one J for rape upon
- n innocent female, and for profane and wick
d Cborch robbery. '"All hit to tht law that
was over them. Every raaa -of then kaew
l! would be held at answerable for vKe mis-
-; eeds against the laws of God and raaa, as
if he were then- upon American - soil !
- -j, Forwc& crime they tnfferti for. each
crimes as" here, in irour own Ohio---a land of
: law would have brought ;dowii upon them
severe penalties, and with eqttal jvttice. Some
; -did suffer death J ' Bat their trial was fair,
' impartial, and upon the same princples of sol
id law upon which tbey would have been ad-
judged guilty, here, among - you. Do some
-'. say I hanged fifteen Germans, and that oth
ers were arrainged and flogged without cause
W trial. Gentlemen, I know .nothing of it
' It is false it is a Z an invention, gentle
'; ' man a lit I see aged citisens before me.
. I see eminent lawyers here ..And, gentleman,
,you ae me muoh exeittcL But is it not for
esuse? . For one. vho,for fifty yean hat
teareely ever waked,rose, tUpt or eaten, or
even taken a cup of cold water, in the field,
'' the town, or he camp, but that hit tkoughtt
.-- mere of hit country her virtuet her renown
kr honor; to be thut astailed, it isiiOK
TMocstt is iktolsrablkI . Gentlemen, I
' did, with n high hand, sostain the law, which,
' with uprightness, in my heart, 1 determined to
. sustain. I did hang fr murder f I did hang
lor rape!- I did hang for treason! and I flog
'', ged thieves and pickpoekeu! For, gentle
men, let me again aay, I not only carried with
toe, but I resolved, with every resource 1
. could command, to tuttain, fearlessly and ef
fectually; itt its virtue and its choicest bless
: " intra, hot onlv to my own command but to
defenceless nd peaceable Mexicans, thatciv-ilisation-vea,
that Christian civilization of
." wbicb I was proud to believe that army might
appear worthy representative. '
k 'But. eentlemen, I was no respecter of per-
10(1.? American, or Mexican native iorn or
foreign bom whoever iuew tht law' and
obeyed ft not whoever, recwess oi nis own
responwbjlilies. and the rights of ' others.
trampled wdtr foot and Mt at naught the law
that was over all, I pusishid.- 1 did hang
forfb crimes stated, and I would have hung
an hundred seekers of innocent blood, and vi
olators nf femitle chastity, if So many had been
the offenders! And for this, perverted and
,: misshaped, I sm made answerable to a charge
against which tny every feeling revolts, and
" which mv whole nature and my whole life
repel. ' No, gentlemen, it is a lie, (the charge
as made, or that any were wrongfully pun
ished.l a false and groundless lie. " 1 am not
unthankful to my good friend who has told
me of , these things! It was right But,
gentlemen, I stand here, before you, and de
clare as I have already declared, and again
declare, that the principles that governed my
command in Mexico, are those of my life.
To that life in my country's service, I need
not anneal in vain for an answer now. With
equal freedom and confidence do I throw my
self upon the honest verdict of every man,
who, with me, served his country in the fields
of Mexico. . --. '
It is impossible to convey to the . mind of
the reader the manner in which this magnifi
cent speech . was utteied. It was loftily,
splendidly eloquent, in the very highest ac
ceptations of the term. The scathing,, with
ering, indignant look and tone with which the
denial and denunciation were enunciated,
startled, electrified the audience. It was an
entire impromptu affair. Not a word had
been premeditated not an idea before con
ned over The foul charge was pointed out
to Dim there, tor the nrst time, and he lost
not a moment till he branded it as its wicked
enormity deserved. There are no more elo
quent passages in the English language than
he then and there uttered. Let it . be pub
lished all over the land, that slander and
calumny may hide their vile heads, in dis
grace and shame. -
. ; , 0. S. JonrnaL
" . Iteceptlon of General Scott.
- A telegraphic dispatch announced to our
citizens that Guneral Scott left Cleveland in
in the cars, yesterday morning for this city,
and that be would arrive in the express train
about tire o'clock. Steps were; immediately
taken to give him a cordial reception. A
committee consisting of Messrs. Enilish.fMay
or.) McCoy; President of the City Council,
Hon. Joseph Kidgeway, CoL Noble, VVm.
Armstrong, Gen. Olmsted, N. H. Swayne,
Bobt. riiel, H. a. Camngton, T. V. Hyde,
and John Chance, were selected to do the
honors of the occasion.
.The artillery squad was on the ground
ready for a salute. . Macbold's Brass Band,
and the L bippewa (ilee Club, were also there.
An immense throng of citizens filled , tm de
pot, and surrounded the buildings on all sides.
About five o clock, the discharge of cannon
annouced the approach of the train contain
ing the illustrious Hero and patriot. . As the
cars entered the depot a long,' loud, and en
thusiastic shout went up. " T he-' Band struck
up "Hail Columbia," and amid great excite
ment and enthusiasm. General Sco'.t descen
ded from the cars and entered the carriage
prepared for his reception. The appearance
of the General on the outside, was a signal
for anther enthusiastic shout of welcome.
A procession was formed and the vast con
course took up the line of march for the Neil
House. Arriving, (be Oeneral dismounted
and ascended to the balcony. The music
ceased, when another general and enthusias
ms shout of welcome went up to heaven. - -
General Scott then addressed the assem
bled multitude as follows:
Fsllow ; Countrymen.- I cannot find
ords to express the emotioions which I feel
on receiving such a welcome from the citizens
( the capital of Ohio. The cheers, the de
monstrations of such a vast assemblage of
men as that I now see before me, in the heart
of the Empire State of the West might fitly
be bestowed on the first man of . the age. 1
can claim no merit to entitle me to such honors.
It is true, during along public life of more
than forty years I have taken part in many
transactions of national - importance, and it
would be an unpardonable affectation in me
to assume that I hod not - rendered tome ser
vice to my country which might excite the
approbation of my countrymen. From my
earliest youth, dnring my whole life, it has
been my aim my ambition so to serve my
country as to merit its approbation. I must
receive, this rU-mnnstration as an . indication
that in some degree my efforts have been suc
cessful.' fGreat cheering. I . . . "
My friends, I do not intend to speak to you
on political topics. ' In the large assemblage
before me there are doubtless many who dif
fer from me in political sentiments. I am
proud to receive their welcome. I would
not on any occasion like the present introduce
subjects which might be unpleasant to any.
The object oi my louruey is not of a political
character. It relates to the public service, and
the public chanty. It is to select . a site in
Kentucky, and near Cincinnati, ot an Asylum
for the worn out and infirm soldiers, both of
the regular and vonunteer force.
Having no other subject to speak of than
to thank you for your great kindness, I may
say from the depths of my heart, that for all
I have done in public ufe, lor my hardships
or suffering I may have endured in the ser
vice of my conntry, 1 am amply repaid in the
approbation of my countrymen.
Again, my countrymen, I thank you for
such a manifestation on this, to me, great
and glorious occasion. (Immense cheering.
Attxr bowing again he retired, when he was
introduced to the multitude who were crow
ding around him, eager to grasp the hand of
the brave old veteran, who for forty yeara his
periled his lite in the defence of his country s
The evening was spent in the free and
friendly social intercourse with our citizens.
All the stories about his aristocracy, his
pride, his htughty bearing, are forever scat
tered to the winds in thit city. Thousands
now see liim for the first time, and there is but
one expression of admiration at the unusually
proper and happy manner in which he ha
discharged the delicate duties imposed on
him by his position.
To-dav General Scott proceeds to Chilli-
cothe, oii his road to Myville, K-ntucky,
wheru he is to meet General Wool, ' and
Commission, for the purpose of locating a
military Hospital, Hi visit to ColumDua
will long be remembered.
O. S, Journal
Hnzzah for Gen. Sctt Olorious news
Governor Lueat of Ohio, out for Scott.
Democrats Read! Hear his Reasons for
not voting for Franklin Pierce.
From the following letter, taken from the
'Iowa Republican, edited by Dr.M. M. Hal
lard, whose name is found below, it will be
seen that Ex Governor Lucas, formerly dem
ocratic Governor of Ohio is out in bold terms
for General Winfield Scott As will be seen,
he does not regard General Pierce as a very
sound Jeffersonian or even as a Jackson dem
ocrat, and like thousands of others, for that
reason, will not support him. The letter is
worth a couple perusals:
Iowa City, Sept 2. 1852.
Ex-Gov. Robkrt Lccas,
Honored Sir: I have, within the last few
weeks, seen it staled in a number of Whig pa
pers of Iowa and elsewhere, that you have
expressed yourself in favor of the election to
the next Presidency of Gen. Winfield Scott
and that you would support him with your
vote and influence.
1 assure you sir, that I was much pleased
to learn that this was the possition you occu
pied. But within the last few days this re
port has been" contradicted in some of the
democratic papers of this State.
- My object therefore, in addressing you at
this lime, is, to learn from you over your own
signature,what are your feelings and views in
relation to the ntness and qualifications oi uie
two prominent men now before the American
people as candidates for the high and preem
inently responsible position of President of
these United Slates; and whether or not you
design supporting Gen. Winfield Scott for
An answer from you at your earliest conve
nience will very much oblige your friend and
To Ex-Gov. Lucas; "
Near Iowa City, '
Plum Grove, Sept. 3. 1852.
Da. S. M Ballard.
Dear Sir: Your letter of yesterday in
relation to statements "in a number of Whig
papers of Iowa and elsewhere," concerning
the position which 1 now occupy, and your
enquires as to . my views, towards General
Wiotield Scott and Franklin Pierce as can
didates for the next Presidency, is now before
And, in answer to it, permit me to say to
you, that it is with noordinary interest I view
the contest now going on, between the friends
of Gen. Winlield Scott and Gen. Pierce the
Presidential chair of the Union, the one nom
inated by a Whig National Conventin; the
other by a Convention of the Democratic
party. I have sir, as you know, always been
a Democrat; l was oorn a wemocrai, ana i
expect to live the ballance of my days as
such, and then die a Democrat
1 supported Thomas Jefferson for the Presi
dency. I supported Mr. Maaison two terms,
Mr. Monroe twice, and was one of the electors
in Ohio that voted for Monroe at the time of
bis second election. In 1824 I was placed at
the head of the Jackson electoral ticket in
Ohio; in 1828 was chosen an elector in that
State, and gave my veto as such, for lien.
I was a President of the Democratic Nation
al Convention at Baltimore in 1832, which
nominated Gen. Jackson for re-election ; and
that reccommended Martin Van Buren as a
candidate for Vice President on the same tick
et ; I supported Mr. Van Buren for the Presi
dency iii 8 and '40. I voted for Gen- Cass
in 1848, and should freely vote for him again
were he a candidate, lnese are so many
proofs of my title to Democrat. This title has
been well earned, and my title to it shall nev
er be impaired. But I cannot support Frank
lin Pierce by word or deed for the important
office of President, consistent with principles
which I have ever, as a Democrat entertained,
the democratic convention of Ohio, which nom
inated me 1834 as a condidate for re-election
to the office of Governor of that flourshing
State; these pledges being as follows: "My
motto has ever been, principles, meaturet and
men that will carry principles and measures
into effect and you may rest assured, that
whatever may be my station nr situation in lite.
you will always find me in the ranks of Democ
racy, supporting the principles and measures,
that wore professed and acted upon in the ad
ministration of a Jefferson, a Madison, and a
Jackson, and such men as will carry their
principles into effect.
The position Mr. Pierce has ever occupied.
in Congress or any other public situation, in
reference to questions vital io western pros
perity, has been antagonislical to those which
were advocated and dearly cherished by those
eminent statesman whose election to the pres
idency I most heartily and cordialy advoca
ted. .They taught, ana l nave always oe
lieved, that the Constitution vests in Con
gress the power to open and repair harbors
and remove obstructions from navigable riv
ers; and that it was expedient that. Congress
should exercise such power whenever such
improvements are necessary tor the common
defence for the protection and facility of
commerce with foreign nations or among the
Slates said improvements being national and
general in their character. I understand Mr.
Pierce to superadd to the above doctrine, a
proviso to the effect, that the waters on which
these improvements are proposed to be ma le
shall be salt and that they shall be moved by
tides. He has in effect, declared that the
depths of waters to be improved, nor their
capacity for trade among the states, form no
criterion for a just demand upon federal pro
tection. His political history as collected
from his action in Congress, no less than from
his letter to the committee of the convention,
accepting his nomination to the presidency in
the terms sst forth to the platform, turnish
evidence of his hostility to all the prominent
measures which tend to Western prosperity.
of which internal improvements and domestic
industry are the most important
As a Western msa therefor, and as an ori
ginal Jackson democrat, as a friend to inter
nal improvements, and to the protection and
encouragement to American industry, I can
not and I will not support such a man as
Franklin Pierce for the Presidency.- And as
there is now but two prominent candidates be
fore the people.namely ; General Winfield Scott
and franklin Pierce, one of wbom will neces
sarily be elected the next president 1 shall
most cheerfully and freely give my vote and
influence to Gen. Scott, I believee him, by
far the best democrat of the two, and one
whom every FRIEND TO THE WEST
PARTICULARLY, AND TO INTERNAL
IMPROVEMENTS, and to the PROMO
TION AND PROTFCTION of AMERI
CAN INDUSTRY, ought to prefer and cor
Before I conclude I wish to call your atten
tion to a short article which is taken from the
Iowa Capital . Reporerof the 1st inst It is
Ex-Gorernor Lucas and Gen. Seott
- We see the Whig papers are glorying over
what they suppose to be one instance of a
democrat who will support Gen. Scott We
think their glory will be much diminished,
when they are informed that it is still doubt
ful whether Ex-Governnr Lucas, will vote for
Scott He assures ua that he much preferred
Mr. Fillmore's nomination and would have vo
ted for him cheerfully. That he dislikes Scott
personally and politically, and it will be with
reluctance if he vote for him at all. Ex Gov.
Lucas' sympathies are with the whig party,
idduced by what he considers injustice to him
self personnally by : the leaders of the demo
cratic party of this stale, so that the whigs
need not flatter themselves, that the personal
popularity of Gen. Scott has any influence on
uov. Lucas vote.
Now, sir, I wish to state that the editor of
that paper has never bevn authorized by me,
or any other person for me, to make any such
statements as those contained in the above cop
It is true that I have often expressed my
admirations of the administration of Air. rill
more, but never have I said that 1 have enter
tained personal dislike to General Scott On
the contrary, I have ever admitted his brave
ry as a soldier and his skill and qualifications
as a commander in the varions battles in which
he has been engaged, from the commence
ment of the war in 1812 down to the close of
the Mexican war. He is a brave and true
soldier. In every prominent altitude that it
lias fallen to my lot to observe him, never
poubled his being a pure patriot; as wel! as
an efficient, capable, and honest man.'
My "Sympatnies" have always been with
honest men and with genuine old fashioned
democracy. I am not a progressive locofoco,
and the editor of the Reporter o't to know the
difference that I believe exists between the
doctrines of Democracy and those of Locofo-
ism; for some time since I repeated to bitri, in
substance, the following:
"The advocates of true democracy always
act with pure and upright motives, and in the
Selection of men, and the adoption of measures
they strive for such as are calculated to en
hance the welfare of the whole country and the
great mass of the people. Honesty, faithful
ness, and unswerving integrity, as well as en
larged capacity, have ever been considered as
essentials upon ilie part of their officers, and
no true democrat should ever knowingly sup
port such as do not possess these qualifica
tions. On the contrary, Locofocoism selects
such men and advocates such measures as
w ill ensue to the leaders the 7 principles re-
fered to by John Calhoun; to wit: "1 he five
loaves and two fishes." V
The tried and faithful democrats may dis
card unless they will at the dictation of King
Caucus, make party spirit and party disiphne
the ne plus ultra of their principles, standing
ready at the word of party command to advo
cate any and every thing to secure the spoils
of office, not heeding the claims or fitness of
tried and faithful public servants. I hey sub
stitute partv platforms for the constitutions,
and all, who will not sustain these platforms
are considered as unfit to be the recipients of
Trusting that my position and views rony be
fully understood, and with the warmest wishes
for the success of the friends of Western im
provements, and for suitable protection and
encouragement to American industry.
1 remain truly your
' Obedient servant,
To S. M. Ballard,
Iowa City, Iowa.
Revilers of of Gen. Scott.
It must be a source of intense pleasure to
the Statesman and kindred prints, .who have
followed in the lead of Sam Houstin, to
whine and bark, and snap at the heels of Gen
eral Scott, as they are doing. Not a day is
permitted lo pass without these poor, miser
able revilers spitting out their harmless ven
om on the old warrior and patriot. They be
long to that ignoble class who learn nothing
by experience, the loui-mouinea nnuse oi
Harrison, in 1840, and Taylor, in 1848. is
followed by equally false and abusive epi
thets upon General Scott Their attacks,
then, caused thousands and tens of thousands
of patriots, all over the land, to resent this
insult which they did by voting for the tried
and trusty public servants, Sj it is now.
the abuse and slander of these men only
disgust and repeal all right minded lovers of
their country. General Scott ean afford to
pity and despise all such trash. He has
made bis mark on the history of his country,
and the age, that can never be erased.- His
name looms up proudly and gloriously among
the immortal ones that ''are not born to die."
Let these vile reptiles pursue their slimy
course, the treeman ot America win vin
dicate his name and reward his patriotism
with the highest office in the gift of freemen.
That is daily becoming more and evident to
all. O. a Journal.
Who has Changed.
At the present time there is a radioal dif
ference between the Whig and Locofoco par
ties on the subject of protection to American
industry. We have, from time to time, shown
that the Democratic party of other days advo
cated the same doctrines that we now pro
claim. Now the Locofoco party has left the
good old landmarks of former days, and hat
gone off after British free trade theories, that
are urged by such papers as the London
Times, fec, and advocated by these who are
in the interest of the British capitalists and
To demonstrate that Locofocoism has de
parted from the true faith, we offer two wit
ness, neither of which have been or will be
impeached by the leading men of that party.
On the 26th of April, 1834, Gen, Jackson
wrote the following letter to Mr. Coleman.
It speaks the language of true American pat
riotism, and love of country, but it does not
speak the language of Douglas, and the Lo
cofocos of the present day. Verily these men
should become a "little more Americanized."
before ibey can hope to receive the. sympa
thy and support of true Americans. Let ev
ery citizen read Jackson's letter, and com-'
pare its sentiments with the free trade no
tions of Douglas k Co. - Which is the best
calculated to do the most good to foster and
encourage American interests the old pat
riotic doctrine of Jackson, or the new British
free trade theory ? Our citizens must decide
Here is Gen. Jackson's letter:
Washington City, April 26, 1824.
Heaven smiled upon us and gave us liber
ty and Independence. That same ' Provi
dence has blessed us with the means of na
tional independence and national defence.
If we omit or refuse to use the gifts which
have been extended to us, we deserve not
the countenance of His blessings. He has
filled our mountains and plains with mine
rals with lead, Iron and copper and given
us a climate and soil for the growing of hemp
and wool. These being the great materials
of our national defence, they ought to have
extended to. them adequate and fair protec
tion, that our manufacturers and luborers
may be placed in fair competition with those
of Europe, and that we hare within our coun
try a supply of those leading and important
articles so essential in war.
I will ask what ia the real situation of the
agriculturist? Where has the American far
mer a market for his surplus proiuce? ' Ex
cept for cotton he has neither a foreign or a
home market Does not this clearly prove,
when there isno market at home or abroad.tbat
there is too much labor employed in agricul
ture ? Common sense at once points out the
remedy, lake from agriculture in the Uni
ted States six hundred thousand men, wo
men and children, and you will at once give
a market for more bread-stuffs than all Eu
rope now furnishes us. In short, sir, we have
been to long subject to the policy of British
merchants.- It is time we should be Ameri
canized. And instead of feeding paupera and
laborers of England, feed our own ; or else,
in a short time, by continuing our present
policy, we shall all become paupers ourselves.
It is, therefore, my opinion that a careful and
judicious tariff is much wanted to pay our
national debt and to afford us the means of
that defence within ourselves, on which the
safety oi our country and liberty depends;
and last though not least, give a proper dis
tribution to labor which must prove beneficial
to the happiness, independence and wealth
of the community. : - -
I am, sir, most respectfully,
- t' - Your obedient servant,'
Such were potrioiic, republican sentiments
in 1824. Ibey have a wisdom and practi
cat appearance that impress them at once
upon the mind. 1 hey are just as important
now as they were then. .
out we have the evidence still nearer home,
that in those days the patriots of the west
took the same view of this duty of protection.
In 1828, four years after this letter of Gen.
Jackson, the Legislature of the State of Ohio,
unanimously passed a resolution sustaining
the same doctrine and proclaiming the uni
ted voice of this State on a vital principle,
against which the entire Locofoco party now
Resolution unanimously adopted Ig the Leg
islature of Ohio in 1828.
"Resolved, That in the opinion of this
General Assembly, the present condition of!
the Agricultural and manufacturing interests
of the country depressed by foreign restric
tion and competition, require aid and encour
agement from the General Government, and
that they rely upon the wisdom of Congress
to advise and adopt such measures as may
be effectual TO PROTECT and advance the
manufacture und protection of WOOLEN
GOODS, WOOL, IRON, HEMP AND
SPIPITS.rf.Xi7W from DOMESTIC mate
rial ,and, in their opinion, the provisions prop
el for this purpose will receive the unequivo
cal approbation of the people of this State."
the question arises, why this radical
change Why has the entire Locofoco par
ty gone over to the British interests. Tho
entire people are interested in tins subject
and to them we submit the case.
O. S. Journal.
John Qcinct Adams, the old man elo
quent, spoke of Gen. Scott as follows:
"In an experience ot more than nity years
in the publiu service, I have never met a man
of more axalted virtues. He possesses high
er claims upon his country as a pacificator
than a warrior; the lustre of bis services in
preserving the peace of the country, surpass
ing the brilliancy of bis military achieve
Testimony like '.hat. coming from such a
man as John Quincy Adams should out
weigh all the base and malignant attacks
made upon the old Hero, by the Locofocos
pt ins country..
The State Right Candidate.
It is not a little surpising that the demo
cratic papers of the north should have so care- ,
fully abstained from mentioning the Presi
dential nomination made by the Convention
of State Rights men, .-which recently sat in .
Alabama. One would say that the more-
nent was of sufficient consequence to attract
he attention of w ho keep themselves informed
apon current events. - Perhaps the matter
has come upon them ' so unexpectedly that
they are at a loss how to treat it . Intelli- '
gent men, conversant with the condition of -affairs
at the south, and understanding the -
ieeiinga oi me oiate nights politicians, havs
known that they were likely to resolve noon
independent action, ever since the Demo- -cratic
Baltimore Convention, As is re mar
ed by a Washington letter , writer,- that body
ratified and especially ' - endorsed t- the com-.
promise, to wbich the radical disooion De
mocracy of the South are as much opposed '
as the Free Soileis of the North, - though for i
exactly opposite reasons. The Con ention '
which a :. few - days since - nominated Gov. ...
Troupe, of Georgia, for President, and : Gen.
SJuilaaan for Vice President, represented a
very large party in South Caroliaa, Georgia '
Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, : Louisiana, and
Texas, Indeed the elections of last -Fall de-" -monst
rated beyond a doubt that secession --.'
party comprised the great, mass of the Dem- '
erratic voters in these States. In South . , ,
Carolina it embraced all, the only political
distinction recognised being that between im
mediate and.: procrastinated secession. . In
Georgia its candidate, was. Governor Towns
who was supported by the regular . Demo
cratic organization, and was only seaten by a
coalition oeiween uie oisseniing fragments ot
that party and the - Whig?, represented by ' .
Cobb and Toombs. " In Mississippi Jefferson
Davis was tne regular Democratic, secession, ...
State Rights' candidate, and was -beaten by ; .
Foote only 1,000 votes out of 100,000. In
Alabama and Texas the Secession candidates -were
elected without serious oppsition. v In ;
all these States the- independent ticket will :
be supported by the State Rights division of
the Democratic party, which constitutes
majority of it It is even probable that it '.
will receive the Eleclorial vote in some of
them, and saay be expected to secure others - .
for Gen. Scott. r. Thus, it ' will certainly take
away what chance Pierce may' have bad in ' f:
ueorgia, f lorida, and .Louisiana, and renders
doubtful Stales before considered certain. It - . -is
a very important movement, and has been
made at the critical moment by the Calbonn
Secession party to defeat Pierce. - - - - A . ' ,
Com. Kegtattr. .
A l air Offer.
W. E. Robinson, Fsq., an Irish gentleman -
residing in the city of New York, offers one -. .
hundred dollars in ! cash, and his vote for '
Pierre and King at noon-day on the 2d of '. '.
November, if any Locofoco will prove that
either one of the eight special statements'
made by him in his great speech, is untrue. ' '
This is the right way to silence the tongue '
of the slanderer. : The records of New Hamp- -shire
are open to the public. - The $100 will .'
pay expenses, and the vote will be more than
all their vituperation and abuse .will win. --
lhat t ranklin Pierce did not whilst a mem-
ber of the Constitutional Convention of New .
Hampshire, speak in favor of Catholic Emn-
cipation, either in Convention or Committee
of the whole during . the - pendency of . that .
question. . :;"
: lhat old Benjamin Pierce, io A. D. 1791 - -
and 2, voted against Catholic Emancipation, .
and in 1799 voted in favor of the odious Alien
and Sedition Law. - ' ' -. - -. . .1 -
That in the late Convention, 1850 -Mr. Par
ker, of Nashua, a Whig, drafted the resolu- '
lion in favor of abolishing the Religious Test
in that State. '
Here is something tangible for those who
abuse him.- If he has borne false testimony,
prove it, and take his money and his vole; '
but if his statements be true, why persecute
him? What evil hath he done ? -
Walk up, gentleman, prove property, and
take your money, or stop your abusive slang.
Henry C. Carey savs, there is one- greater
invention than that of the railroad, to-wit: that
which brings the market to tho farmer's door,
and thus destroys the need of transportation
even by railroad. What is it that makes
land valuable? Proximity to market; bring
ing the consumer to the side of the producer.
The land of Belgium is of the highest value of
any in the world, because there the consu
mer and producer are most completely in
connection with each other. That of r ranee
has enormously increased- in value, as the .
consumer has more and more taken his place
by the side of the producer. What destroys -the
value of land ? The seperation of the
consumer from the producer; fur that is inva- . -
riably followed by exauslion of the Isnd, and
its abandonment. For the last two centuries.
no effort has been spared to prevent their
coming together on the land of Ireland ; but .
all efforts failed, until at the Union, provision -.
was made for the abolition of all protection.
the result of which is seen in the fact, that a
large portion of that country is now on sale
for the mere amount of the moneyes that, in
better times, was lent to the owners o mort
gage security. In India, British free trade
has annihilated the domestic manufacturer.
and, with each step in the progress of the
operation, land has lost its value, because, aa
in Ireland, the people have been more com
pelled to depend on the distant market Ev
ery where land acquires value, and its owner
becomes enriched, as the owner is more and
more brought to take his place by the consu
mer; and everywhere it loses itav value as the
producer is more and more eompolted to de
pendupon the distant market;- becawse the
cost of trrnsprtatian, constitute, thtrjtftt to
to be paid by hath land and Ushats and bo-
cause the cost for going to mark et must On.
paid for by the man who has either tahofor
jrt products lo fei. v. , V