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NEW SERIES VOL. 2
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TJmi-sil.iy Morning Marchao.lggg
A iwallow In the spring
Cametoour garnary.and 'nealli the eaves
Essayed to make a nest, and there did bring
Wot earth, and straw, and lcaroa.
Bay after day liie tolled
" With palleutart,buterehcr work waa crowned.
. Same ead mishap the tiny fabric spoiled,
And dahod Itto the ground.
Pho found the ruin wrought;
" But not cast down, forth from the place ihe Hew,
And with hor mote fresh earth and grasses brought,
' And built her noat anew,
But scarcely had ahe placed
The lastsoftfcalacr on ita ample floor,
Whon wicked hand, or chance, again lade waste,
Aud wrought the ruin o'er.
But itlll hor heart aho kept,
And tolled again: and lait night hearing calla,
1 looked, and lot three little swallows slept
Within the earth-made walls.
What a truth Ishere, Oman!
. Hath hope been smltteu lu its early dawnt
Hare clouds o'ercasl thy purpose, trust, orplunJ
HiV faith, as rraoooi. on.
From rntnara's Monthly.
OUR GIVEN NAMES,
Who gave you this name?' ,
'My sponsors in baptism.'
Then these sponsors have much to an
swer in this matter of naming, to say noth
ir. of the obligations that they take upon
The nnme of a person ia a sound that
suggests the idea of him. It is indissolu
bly united withevery notion of him; the
name and the man are more closely bound
than man and wifo for even after death we
associate them togother. How important
then is it that no one should suffer for his
wh?e, that no unpleasant, ridiculou, or
infanvms associations should be connected
will) r, but rather that it should be honor
able anil honored.
It is yue that the fair Juliet, in a pass
age ofidn quoted and oftencr misquoted
r 'Wbatlln a narnel that which we calla rose,
lly any other name would smell as sweet.'
Very true; but we do not go to names for
smells, any more than to colors for music.
And in the instance that she gives, what a
loss it would have been to the world, if the
wnrd 'rose' had not existed as the title of
the queen of flowers; but instead of it such
a common unmusical word as turnip or
squash had been selected by the founders
of the English tongue! What could poets
have done without nucli a word? Where
would they have found rhymes for it?
The queen of flowers should have a name
ofbeauty.and she has it. We are not able,
at present, to say how many of the modern
Jangu(ige8 of Europe call this flower by a
name resembling rose or identical with it;
but we believe that all do which ato based
in any degree upon the Latin tongue
which is rota, a derivative and improve
ment upon the rodom of the Greeks. Juliet
is in a very small minority upon this ques
And we would strengthen our position as
to the importance of first names, by
quoting Sterne's remark that no one has
ever thought of calling a child after Judas
Iscariot. Some come pretty near it when
they select the name of Judnh, which is
radically the same name as Judas, buthow
carefully do they stop therel What an ira
monse difference does a single -letter, an
H foranS make!
We say given' names, not Christian
names as is more common; for it is not ev
ery one having a first name that has a
' Christian name, as we exemplified in the
case of Mr. Levi, who appeared as a wit
ness before the Lord Mayor of London.
' 'What is your Christian name, Mr. Le
vi?' said that civio functionary.
'I have not got any, my Lord,' was the
reply. 'I am jew, but my first name is
Moses.' . .
Various are the tastes in the selection of
a name for a child various are the mo
tives that influence the decision. Some
times a rich friend or relation is to be con
ciliated, and therefore some barbarous des
ignation is affixed to a child thai is a thorn
in bis side as long as he lives; and after all,
the unfortunate may miss the expected
legacy. Sometimes the name of some dis
tinguished man is selected, to which the
life of til new wearer adds no new lustre;
thus we see Geoage Washington and John
Wesley occasionally figuring in the police
reports as the names of people arretted for
riot or petty larceny. A classical taste in
spires others, who are not always very par
ticular in the names, provided they smack
tof tie ancients, owing to which it happena
that there i$a boy now living in Philadel
phia who has been christened if we thus
use the word afour Commodus, one of
the most Infamous pf ' the Roman Emper
or. . .
Ttie late Bishop Chase, of Illinois, had a
dislike to having Greek and Roman names
imposed upon children which he display
ed very pointedly on one occasion when a
child was brought to him to be baptised.
'Name this child,' said the Bishop.
'Marcus Tullius Cicero,' answered the
'Marcus Tullius Cicoro.'
'Tut! lut! with your hea'hen nonsence!
Peter, I baptise thee,' and the child was
Peter henceforth and forever.
Others, again, set much store on Scrip
ture names, many of which to our curs are
anything but melodious, for instance, Oba
diah, Jeremiah; and all the other iahs; but
this fashion is not so prevalent as it was a
century or two ago. fcome of the JJible
names have much sweetness, such asBeul
ah, Ruhamah, and Rhoda, but even these
are rarely used.
The story is well known ot the man who,
having called four sons after Mathcw, Mai k,
Luke and John, wishing to have the fifth
christened Acts, because as lie said, he
wanted to compliment the Apostle a bit;'
but the sequel, as given by Mr. Lower, in
the last edition ot his valuable work, on
English Surnames,' is not so familiar to
us. it appears tnai me iainer nao two
... ,,-,-1 , i
sons, who were ciinstenoa rucnara nnu
Thomas; and that the story of the name
that had been proposed for sso. 5, getting
wind among his acquaintance, he was con
stantly annoyed by having this distich re
peated, of better metre than rhyme
'Muthew, Murk, Luke and John,
Acta of 'Pustlea, lllck and Tom.'
Some person appears to have tried how
near they could come to the height of ab
surdilr, in giving names to thrir children.
Benjamin Stokely the first white settler in
;er county, 1 ennsylvania (whose ac
count thereof is in the fourth voline of the
Memoirs of the Historical Society of Penn
sylvania,) cave most extraordinary names
to all his children; at present, but one of
them occurs to our mind Aurora liorealis
by which he thought proper to designate
one of his daughters. A Mr. Stickuey, a
distant relative of Dr. Franklin, numbered
his childrerf, calling them One Sth-kney,
Two Slickney, &c. We might mention
hero tho case of Mr. New, who, it is said,
called his first child Something, and the
next Nothing; ' but the story is probably
the creation of tho fertile imagination of
Mr. Joseph Miller, or some of his succes
We will venture to add a few i ules which
are the results of our reflections upon this
1. The son should not no called alter
his father, nor the daughter after her moth
. . ...
The object of giving first names is (o
distinguish a person from all others bear
ing the same last name, particularly irom
those of his immediate family; but this
latter is not attnined when a child bears
the name of its parent. Confusion must
always follow, not always to be avoided
by the additions of scinor and junior, or
the designations 1st, 2d, ifcc, which are
common in New England.
An eminojit lawyer, who adorned tho
PhiladolDhia bar. 40 or 60 years ago, had
a son with the same first nume as himself,
who was studying law in his office. One
day a letter arrived without any addition
of junior, but intended for the younger
which the older gentleman opened and
read. It was from a source not very cied
l table for any one.
I am ashamed of you,' said the father
indignantly, handing it to his son.
'I am BBhamed of you, sir,' replied tho
son, handing itback, with his finger point
ed at the direction.
One of the fions of tho Benjamin Stoko
lv. of whom we have spoken above, wa
born during his father's absence from
home. On his return, his wife told him
that she had called the child Bonjamin
'None of that,' cried he,. 'I have no no
lion of hearing people, talking of old Ben
This confusion is one ohjoction to th
nractice which we condemn; another is
that if a parent calls a child after himself,
he is in dancror of becoming partial to that
child, at the expense of the others. This
is a feeling which makes its way into the
minds of even good men and women; it
seems to some that a child bearing inoi
nnme in full, is more fully their rcpresen
tativethan others. As this is all wrong,
it is best to prevent the arising of such feel
infs, by giving no occasion for their ex
2. The more common a last name is,
the moreuncommon should the first one W
Wo can pardon almost any prefix to Smith
Brown and Jones. As one of the learned
fathers of the bar lately observed in a dis
couso: 'Who shall declare the generation
of the Smiths, and especially of the John
Smiths? The very mention of John Smith
in a court house, police office, or public
place and it isot frequent mention there
in onngs uroau grin mio cycij
face immediately. w
3. No name should be given to a child
that will suggest a ludicrous idea when
the initial only is used. We always pitied
Mr. P. Cox, and Mr. T; Potts, both worthy
men. but with thoughtless godfathers
Middla-ao-ed perrons, in Philadelphia,
can raoollect a druggist named Ash (now
53CES2rna LEiMJ .f.srrrtn, fnrrryg CDS? ggvrryA m rrrw GEORGE WASHINGTON,
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 29, 1855
deceased) whose friends had selected Ca
leb for his first name. He was constantly
annoyed with inquiries from school boys,
and others of the rising generation, as to
llio residence of Mr. Calebash.
Forty or fifty years ago a very worthy
little French tailor, named Frogg, resided
in Charleston S. C, and on the birth of one
of his sons some wags persuaded him that
it would be a very good thing for the child
to call himafier the chief magistrate of the
State Gov. Bull, which was done accord
ingly, the unlucky combination of the two
names never striking the father uulilit was
4. Females should have but one given
name, and when theymarry, should retain
their maiden name as a middle nnme. This
the practice among the Society of Friends
nd were it generally adopted it would
mve many advantages. Wc blioulJ know
at once, on seeing a lady's name, whether
he was married or single, and if the form
er, what the name ef her family was. And
t is further to be considered that tho a-
optionofthis rule of but a single first name
for girls would put an end forever to the
whole brood of Emma Melvindas and
Euphemia Helen Lauras, and a stylo of
nomenclature which is thought by most
personstobo ridiculous in the ox'.remi.
Have many of our readers soen the pret
ty verses on the raising of a child, written
by Mary, the unhappy sister ot Ohai lcs
Lamb? W e shall presume they have not,
nd without apology conclude this essay
Choosing n Name.
'I have got a new-born slstur;
1 was nlpli the first Una klxsud her.
When the nurclng woman brought hur
To papa, his Infant daughter.
How papa's dear eyes did glisten!
She will soon be to christen:
And pupa has made tho offer,
I shall have Ihe numing of her.
'New I wonder what would please her,
Charlotte. Julia, or Louisa?
Ann and Mary, they're too common;
Joan's too formal for a woman:
Jane's a prettier name lies! do;
But we had one Jane that died.
They would say, If 'twas Kebecca,
That she was a Utile Quaker.
Kililh's pretty, b'lt that look
Better In old Kngllsh books;
Kllen's left off lone ago;
Blanch Is out of fashion now.
None lhat 1 have named as yet
Are half so good as Margaret.
Knilly Is neat and flue
What do you think of Caroline?
How l'am puzzled and perplexed
Wtiut to choose or thiuk of next?
I aiu In a littlo fever
Lest the name thai I should give her -
Should dlagrraco her or defame her,
I will leave papa to name hur."
How comes it that this volume, compoS'
ed by humble men in a rude age, when art
and science were but in their childhood
hasexerted more influence on the human
mind and on tho social system, than nil
other books put together? Whence comes
it that this book lias achieved such marvel
lous changes in the opinions of mankind
has banished idol worship has abolished
infanticide has put down polygamy an
divorce exalted the condition of woman
raised the standard of public morality-
created for families that blessed thing,
christian home and caused its other tri
umph by causing benevolent institution
(open and expensive,) to spring up as with
the wand ot enchantment.' What sort o
a book is this, that even the wind nnd
waves of human passion obey it? What
other engine of social improvement has
operated so long, and yet lost none of its
virtue binco it appeared, many boasted
plans of amelioration have been tried and
failed; many codes of jurisprudence have
arisen, and run their course nnd expired.
Empire after empire has been launched on
the tide of time, and gone down, leaving no
trace on tho waters. . But this book is still
going about doing good leaving society
with its holy principles cheering the sor
rowful with its consolation: strengthening
the tempted- encouraging the penitent
calming the troubled spirit, smoothing the
pillow of death. Can such a book be the
offspring of human genius? Does not the
vastness of its effects demonstrate the ex
cellency of the power to be of God? Dr.
A Jcdicious Investment. I send you
here with a bill of ten lous d'ors. I do
not pretend to give much; I only lend it
to you. When you return to your country,
you cannot fail of getting into business
that will in time enable you to pay all
your debts. In that case, when you meet
another honest man in similar distress, you
will pay me by lending this money to him',
enforccing him to discharge the debt by a
like opperation when he shall bo able, and
shall meet with such an opportunity. I
hope it may pass through many hands be
fore it moots a knave in its progress.
This is a trick of mine to do a great deal
of good with little money. I am not rich
enough to afford much in good works, and
am obliged to be cunning, and make the
DOSt OUl Ol a nine. djeiyumm jrannun,
How it Works. As those who eat the
most are not always the fu'ttest, so those
who read the most have not always the
most knowledge; they sink under a roulti
tude of ideas, and resemble the ancient
Gauls, who being too heavily armed, be
came useless in battle. ,, '
The greatest and tho most amiable priv
ilege the rich enjoy over the poor is that
which they exercise wie least- me privi
lege of making them happy. . , "
LOOKIXO FOII A PLACE.
'Well, Johnny, have you succeeded to
day my son?' , '.
'Nothing good to-day, mother, I have
been all over town almost, and no one
would take me. The book-stores, and diy
goods' stores and groceries have plenty of
hoys already; but I think, it you had been
with me, I should have stood a better
chance. Oh, you look so thin and palo,
mother, somebody would have felt sorry,
and so have taken me; but nobody knew
me and neoody saw you.
A tear stole down the check of the little-
hoy as he spoke, for he was almost dis
couraged; and when his mother saw the
tear, not a few ran down hers also.
It was a cold, bleak night, and Johnney
had beau out all day looking for "a place."
He had persevered, although constantly re-
lused, until it was quite dark, and then
gave up, thinking that Ins mother must be
tired waiting for him.
His mother was a widow, and a very
poor one. bhe had maintained herself by
nucdlu-work till a severe attack of sickness
had confined her to her bed, and ehc was
unable to do more.
She told her little son to sit down by the
fire, while, she prepared his supper. Tke
fire and the supper were very scanty, but
Johnny knew they were the best she
could proviilo, and he felt that he would
rather share such a lire nnd such a supper
with such a mother, than sit at the best
tilled lablc with anybody else, who did not
love him as she did, and whom he did not
love as he did her.
After a few moments of silence, the hoy,
looking up into his mother's face with more
than usual seriousness, said:
'Mother, do you think it would be wrong
to ask my new S,tbbath-school teacher a-
boul it on a Sabbath?'
No, my son, not if you have no other
opportunity; nnd 1 think he would ho a
very suitable person, too; at least 1 think
that he would be interested in getting you a
'Well, to-morrow is the Sabbath, and
when the class breaks up, I believe I will
After reading a portion of God's holy
word, the mother and her little boy kneel
ed down togother in their loneliness, and
prayed the Lord most earnestly to take
care of them. They were very poor, but
they knew that God cared for the poor.
They knew also that God would do what
was'best for them. Oh, it is a sweet thing
to the soul, to ba able to say, sincerely,
'Thy will be done!'
'I feel happier now,' said John. 'I was
so tired when I came in, that I felt .quite
cross, I know I did; did 1 look so, moth
Tho mother's heart
gave her boy one. Ion:
was full, and she
, affectionate kiss,
sweeter to him than many
. Next morning was the Sabbath. John's
breakfast was rather scant.but he said not a
word about that, for he saw that his moth
cr ate very little. But one or two sticks
of wood were left outside the door where
it was kept, and he knew that both food
and fire might be all gono before night.-
They had had no money to buy any with
for several days.
The Sabbaih-school bell rang. Tho sun
was shining bright and clear, but the air
waa exceedingly cold. The child had no
overcoat, and was still wearing a part of
his summer clothing. He was in his seat
just as his superintendent and his teacher
Who is that little pale-faced boy in your
class? asked the superintendent ot John
'His name is Jones; ho lives in Stone
street, and I must visit him this very week
He is a well-behaved boy.'
I should like to know more about him,
and I will see him after school
The superintendent did not forget him,
and when the class broke up, eeeing him
linger behind tho other scholars, went up
and took him by the hand kiudly.
'You have been here to school several
Sabbaths, hare you not, my boy?'
'Yes, sir, I came just a month ago to
'Hard you ever been to school before that
time?' . ' !" '
- 'Yes. sir, before mother was sick I used
lo rr0 to street school; but that was a
great way off; and when mother got better,
and vou opened this new school, she ad
vised ma to come here, as it is so much
nearer.' ' . '
'Well, did I not see you yesterday look
ing for a place in Water street?" '
I was down there, sir, looking for i
nlace.' . . ' . '
Why did you not lake that place which
the gentleman offered you in the largo
Do you mean the store where the great
' . -J :.i !!-
Copper worm sioou uu uic eiuc-nami
'Oh. sir. I didn't know they sold rum
there when I first went in, and when
saw what kind of a store it was, 1 was a'
'Have vou a father?'
'No, sir; father is dead,' said the little
boy, hanging down his head.
'What did your father do, my son
what was his business?'
'Sir. he once kept a large store like
that:' nnd the ohild shuddered wken ho
nnswered. . i . . , .a
Why did you notkecp the piece pf gold
money that you found on the floor as you
were coming into the store?'. .''':
'Because it was not mine, and I thought
that tho gentleman would find the owner
sooner than I should.'
He did, my boy, it was my money.
Did you get a place yesterday?'
'No, sir, all the pkece were full, and
nobody knew roe.'
'Well, my boy, you may go now, and
tc-11 your mother that you have got a place.
Come to me early in the morning; your
teacher will tell you where I live.'
Johnny went home with his heart and
his eyes so full that he could hardly see
the street, or any thing else, as he went
along. Ha knew that it would cheer hU
dear mother very much, and so it did.
His superintendent procured a gid place
for him, and they were made comfortable
Surely this story carricsitsown moral,
i Tub Female Mind. The influence of
the female mind over the stronger mind
of man, is greater, perhaps, than many !
are willing to acknowledge. I's opera
tions are various, and some men struggle
feaifully to disengage themselves fiom it.
But this we believe, that more or Ie.ss, all
men have felt its powers; and ibos? per
haps have experienced it to the greatest
extent who would have it supposed they
despised it most. A women logos rr.rny
of her charms, and cosequcn;lv, iuu-h of
her power in the opinion of many, when
she ranges herself on the side of that
which is wrong; while it is impossible to
calculute the influence of virtuous woman,
when that influence is exercised with ten
derness and modesty. The ruin produced
by a bad woman may be sudden and vio
lent, and compared to the bursting of a
volcano, or the overflowings of the ocean;
but the influences of a virtuous woman
arc like the gentle dew and morning show
ers, which, descend bili nily and softly
and are known only by their effects in the
smiling aspectof the valleys and the weight
of thcaulumnal branches.
2rU gilt were only gold or sugar can
dy common rense, what a fine thing our
society woulJ be! If to lavish money up
on objects at virla, to wear the most cost
ly dresses, to have them cut in the height
of fashion;to build houses thirty fi-et broad,
as if they were palaces; to furnish them
with all the luxurious devises of Parisian
genius; to give superb banquets at which
your guests laugh, and which make you
miserable; to drive a tne carriage and ape
European liveries and crests and coats of
arms; to resent the family advices of your
baker's wife, and the lady of your butcher
(you yourself being a cobbler s daughter);
to talk much of the "old families," and of
your aristocratic foreign friends; to des
pise labor; to prate of a good society; to
travesty and parody in every conceivable
way in society which we know only in
books or by the superficial observation of
foreign travel, which arrises out of a social
organization entirely unknown to us, and
which is opposed to our fundamental and
essential principles: if all this were fine,
what a prodigiously tine society would ours
be. Putnam' i Monthly.
A Beautiful Extract.
There is no one thing more lovely in this
life, more full ofthe divmest courage.than
when a young maden from her past life,
from her happy childhood, when she ram
bled every field and moor round her home
when a mother anticipated her wants
and soothed her little cares when broth
ers and sisters grew from merry playmates
tolovmgand trusting friends trom t'hrist
mas gatherings and romps from summer
festivals the secure baok-grounds of her
childhood, looks but into the dark and un
illumined future away from all that, and
yetuntemfied, leans her fair cheek trust
Ingly upon her lover's breast, and whis
pors, 'Dear heart? I cannot see but I be
lieve. The past was beautiful, but the fu
ture I can li ust with thee.'
One great secret of health, is a light sup
per, and yet it is a gre.t; suli-cieiiial, when
one is hungry and tired at the close of the
day, to eat little or nothing. Let such
one take leisurely a single cup of tea and
apiece of cold bread, with butter, and he
will leave tho table as pleased with himself
and all the world, as if he had eaten a heavy
meal, and be ten fold the better for it the
next morning. Take any two men under
similar circumstances, strong, hard work
ing men, of twenty-five years; let one take
his bread and butler with a cup of tea, nnd
the other a hearty meal of 'meat, bread,
and potatoes, and the ordinary t7 cetera, as
tho last nicai of the day, and the lea-driuk
er will outlive the other; by thirty years.
Journal of lie tilth. .
arThere is a very pretty Persian np
ologue on the difference between mental
and coiporal sufferings. A king and his
minister were discussing the subject, and
differed in opinion. The minister maintained
the first to be the most severe, 6c to con
vince his sovereign of it, he took a lamb,
broke its leg, shut it up and put food be
fore it. He took another, shut it up with
a tiger which was bound with a strong
chain, so that the beast could spring near
but not seize the lamb, and also put food
before iL la the morning he carried the
king to see the effect of the experiment.
The lamb with the broken leg had eaten
all the food placed before him the other
was found dead from fright. .
S3Tlt I study any science it is that
which treats of the knowledge of myself
and instructs me how to live and die well.
AN AMERICAS IJfcUO'J UtATU.
THX IALL 07 A11K0.
The following is a "graphic (ketch of the
last monieuLn of the brave Colonel Crock
ett, who, it will be recollected, fell at the
memorable siege of Fort Alamo, during
the Texan struggle for Independence:
Colonel Crockett, wounded and closely
pursued by a number of the enemy, re
treated into the church, filling theai as
they approached. He stationed hiaisclf in
:t niche, in a corner, determined to face the
foe to the last and sell his life dearly with
hisrilh: and a superabundance of side arms,
he hewed and shot them down with the
fame awful certainly that was wont to
characterize indomitable spirit. His
I position rendered access to Lim utterly!
I Hi rwiKil .1 UT....rt 1. tr m '!... n A
approach in front; afu r some tight or ten
ot them were I.tid before him, a Kehngof
awe seemed to seize hold of the assailants.
One t f them who -on!d speak a litile brok
en English, probably P.-eferricL' to have
the signal honor of capturing so noble a
specim-.n of American valor to present to
his 'dear maK-r,' said to Croukat, 'sur
render, senor.' A flash ofthe most sover
eign scourge darted from the fiery eye, aid
as it pierced that of the enemy, lie seemed
to be transCxtd. In a voice of thunder
Crockett answered, 'Surrender! No! I
am an Anieiican," find as he spoke he sent
a ball through the heart of his paralyzed
foe. He appeared for a moment like a
wounded tiger, strengthened and buoyed
by each additional wound;now hewing them
down wi h his well-tried sword n-x:
dealing death with his fire-arms. His
person was literally drenched with.hu own
blood, his strength must soon yield to its
loss. Yet such phyiical power wrought
to the highest degree of excitement tan
perform almost incredible prodigies.
This was the last concentrated energy
of a powerful mm. aroused, animated, and
guided hr one of the noblest attributes of
man love of liberty. Ha knew Well for
what his life was about to be sacrificed,
that devastation and butchery would fol
low the fooUU-ps of his heartiest foe, that
woman would be sacrificed to satiate the
desires of Lis conqueror; and feeling the
holy inspirations of a dying patriot, he
lotignt maniuijy till the loss ot blood and
approach of death stayed his upraised arm:
ins ruie was oroKcn in pieces, Ins pistols
fell to the floor and nothing but his faith
ful sword was left. In the agony of doath,
with a terrible grasp, he brought this last
weapon upon the head of the nearest as
sailant,and fell victoriously across his bodv
into the arms of death. In this corner of
the church were twenty-six dead Mexi-
caus.and no other American having fought
or talltn at this point, it is considered be
yond all reasonable doubt that all of them
fell by a Tennessee's favorite son! All
were now dead, not a man left to relate
the wonderful deeds of this illustrious
band of heroes? Not a companion left to
rear a monument to their memory! .Cut,
ah! no monument is required to perpetuate
their tame. Oo long as freedom has an a
biding place in America will their heioie
deeds and proud names be held sacred!
Ssow Ebead. All persons where snow
abounds, are not, perhaps, aware of the
value of "fleecy flakes" in making light,
delicious and wholesome bread. There is
no "rising" in the world so perfectly phys
iological as good, fresh, sweet snow.. It
raises broad or take as beautifully as the
best of yeast, or the purest acids and alka
lies, while it leaves no t.iint of fermenta
tion like the former, nor injurious neu
tral salt like the latter. Indeed, it raises
by supplying atmosphere wherewith to
pud' up the dough, whilst the other meth
ods only supply carbonic acid gas.
During the late snow freshet with which
our city has been favored, (for all other
uses in a city snow may lie regarded as a
nuisance,) "our folks" have experienced
somewhat extensively in the matter of
snow-raised trend and cakes. One of our
kitchen amateurs gives us the following
recipe as the result tho eurela of his nu
merous mixings and minglingsof the "ce
lestial feathers" with the terrestrial meal:
"Snow Cbead. Mix equal parts of
light, dry snow and Hour or meal quickly
together, (using a strong spoon or slick to
stir with.) When well mixed, pour the
mass into a pan, and bake immediately.
A rather hot, 'quick' oven is essential.
Hake from twenty minutes to one hour, ac
cording to the thickness of the loaf."
Many forms of bread and cake can be
made bv slightly varying these propor
tions, according to the ether ingredients;
tho rule being to have a due degree of
moisture. If too much snow w used, the
bread cake will be heavy.
A little corn meal and pulverized sugar
mn' be mixed with dry Dour, and then
the snow stirred in, if a short and tender,
as well as light sweet cake, is desired.
Water-Cure Jour, for March.
Selfishness. Selfishness is poverty; it
is the most utter destitution of a human be
ing. It can bring nothing to his relief; it
adds soreness to his sorrows; it sharpens
his pains; it aggravates all the losses he is
liable to endure, and when geaueu 10 cx
tremes, often turns destroyer and strikes
his last blows on himself. It gives us
nothisg to rest in or fly to in trouble; it
turns our affections on ourselves, self on
self, as the sap of a tree descending out of
season from its heavenward branches, and
making not only its life useless, but its
growth downward.-1. Hooker,
ESTABLISHED IN 1826
Rule for tbe Year.
The following rules are iutended, main-1
ly, for the guidance of young mn and
Get man ied if you can but look be
fore you leap. Love matches are romnntio
nice things to read about lut they
Lave brimstone in them, now and then, as
says Ike Msrvel, Esq. .
Go to church regularly if possible, and,
under any cirtsmatances at least once
Circulate no scandal.
Never notice the clothing of persons at
tending divine worship, nor viand in front
of the house of God after the sei vicen.
Never ask another nun what his busi
ness is where he is going where he
came from when he left when he in
tends logo back, or the number of his dol
lars. You may inquire as to the stale of.
his health, and that of Lis parents, s'.- ttrs
and brothers but venture no farther.
Defend the innocent, help the poor, and
cultivate a spiiit of friendship among jour
Never speak disparagingly of wnmf.n,
and endeavor to conquer ail your prejudic
es. Believe all persons to be sincera in the
re.:g;cn ttey proi-s.
Be economical, but not parsimonious
nor niggardly. Make gooa ueof your
dollars, but not idols. Live within your
means and never borrow money in antici
pation of your salary.
This celebrity is thus described by a
correspondent of the N. O. Picayune, wri
ting from Paris, February 1st:
1 had not seen Dumas before for years.
and I was surprised to observe the ravages
time bad made Since then. Age begins to
show itself; and he looks mote mula'lo
like than I ever saw him He is a tall man,
bving not less than six feet in height, rath
er disposed to Le fat, especially about the
face, whose hanging cheek, and double
chin, attest sound clumbers and good din
ners. He is the very reverse of the pic
tups of an intellectual man. If you were
to seo him in Cimp, or in Canal street, you
would set him down as a mulatto barber
His hair, now sprinkled here and there
with grey, has that abundance, and length,
and slightly woolly cuil, so common among
bright mulatto barbers. His forehead
0, phrenologists! is hss high than your
little linger is thick; he may be said to
have no forehead. His lips are thick and
sensual, and now deep lines are ploughed
on both sides of his nose. In the street
he does not look so dark as ho see mi to be
in the house, ami his hat concealing tbe
want of a forehead, gives his face more
mind than it appears to have when not
screened. He was dressed in pepper and
salt pantaloons and paletot; the paletot waa
trimmed with green silk, stitched!
Tlirre yenr' Labor on tbe B1M.
The following calculation of ihe number
of books, verses, words, hitters, tc, con
tained in the Old New Testament, is said
to have cost the calculator three rears
Olo Testament. No. of Books, 20;
Chapters. 229; Verses 32,214; Words;
592,439; Letters, 2.728,100.
The middle Book is Proverbs.
The middle Chapter is Jobxxix.
The middle verse would be 2d Chroni
cles, x: 17 if there were averse more, and,
verse 18 if there were a verse les.a.
The word Aho occurs 36,543 times.
The word Jehovah occurs 6,855 tiroes.
The bhortest Yt-ise is 4 Chronicle,.
The 21st, verse ofthe 7th chapter of Jlt
ra contains all the alphabet.
The 19th of the 2d Kings and the 7ih
Chapter of Isaiah, are alike.
New Tkrtamext. The No. of Books,
47; Chapters. 260; Verses, 7.050;' Words,
181,258; Letters, 828,589.
The middle Book is 2 Theasa!onin.
The middle Chapter is Romans 13, if
there were a chapter less, end 14 if there
were a chapter more.
The middle Verse is John xi: 35.
Old and New Testament. No. of
Books, CG; Chapters, 1,189; Verrts. 31.
178; Words, 773.G97; Letti r, 3.5C6.480.
The middle Chapter, and least in the
Bible, is Psalra cxvii.
The middle v erso is Psalm cxviu: 8.
Woman's Natcue I should not say,
from my experience of my own sex, that
a women's nature is flexible and impressi
ble, though her feelings arc I know very
few instances of a very inferior man ruling
the mind of a superior woman, whereas I
know twen'y fifty of a veiy inferior
woman ruling a superior man. If he love
her.'tho chain cs are that she will in the
end weaken an demoralize him. If a su
perior women marry a vulgar or inferior
man, he makes her miserable, but seldom
governs her mind, or vulgarises her na
ture; and if there be love on his side, the
chances are that in tho end the will elevate
and refine him.
Books may furnish - us with ideas; ex
perience may improve our judgement; but
it is an acquaintance with accomplished
females alone, which cm bestow that fiie
cility of address and suavity of manner
which distinguishes the gentleman from
the scholar er man of business.
As advice always givs an appearance
of superiority it lean never be very grate
ful except upon subsequent reflection,
even where it is most neceseary and judi
cious. , . -