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American Lancaster gazette. (Lancaster, Ohio) 1855-1860, April 19, 1855, Image 1

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Gzyz&jzzi'rn gkorge Washington.
1 1
NEW SERIES VOL. 2
Clje waster (Settle-
CITY OF LANCASTER:
PUBLISHED EVKRY THUK8DAY MOUSING.
TOM S. SLAUGHTER. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR,
OFK1CK Old Public Biiililtnff Southeast cornor ol
, the Public Square.
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TkiirsdayHorning April 19, 1855
- INDUCEMENTS.. -
'the eloadf that rest on tho mountain' breast :
Are kissed by the vtowless air; ',. ,
And tho western breeze kisses the trocs,
And woos the flowrets fulr
And the weeping willows aroklss'd by the billows,
And the day-star kisses the sea. .
Then why not dearest, loveliest, fairest
1
Glvo a kiss to met
And the bright moonbeam klssoslho stream,
Tho hll and the peaceful valo: '-. .
And the shady bowor at evening honr, - y
Is wooed by the nightingale-- .
''And the lllly and rose and each flowerthat blows
Are kissed by the forctl bee ,
Thjn why not dear0.1t, loveliest, fuir.'st,
' ' J 'Give a kiss to me? ,
A; A R NING.
It was in Uio summer of 1 ns I was
traveling in tho upper part of tho Stato of
Vermont, on horse back, I was Riiddmly
overtaken by a thunderstorm.'. I put my
horse at full speed; and as lie was a pretty
smart traveler, reached tho village of Ver
gnneas the rain poured down in torrents,
I stopped at a neat little e.ittnga sheltered
by honey-suckle and woodbine, and was
gioatod by ft cordial welcome from the
occupants, especially mine host, who was
the pattein of Yankee hospitality.
. He was a short, thick-set old gentleman,
polite and courteous. His hair was whit
ened with the frosts of many, years, ami
his pale white countenance was furrowed
with care; yetat limes his face would bright
ened up as the merry throng around him
jumped 6n hiskneo and kissed his ashy
lips. On the Whole it appeared to me that
he had sv'rf1Jutter days; and, after I had
been with diem some lime, in the course
of conversation about the wealthy men in
the great cities, he informed mo that ho
himself could once count Ins thousands,
and thaliit his younger days he had trav
eled over many parts of Europe, but that,
being bondsman .for a mercantile friend
whose credit was considered reliable, by
the chango in the .market in some uncer
tain business, ho failed and made a bank
rupt of him, and, after paying his lionest
debts, ho had but enough left to buy the
small farm he now occupied, whore he and
his family lived in happy retirement.
As the rain continued, they invited mo
to stop to ton, assuring mo that my horse
should bo weir provided for, and that it
would put them to' no soiious inconven
ience. Supper came, and we sat down to
a nice dish of pretty speckled brook trout.
Aftorsuppor, 1 wasinvitedto stay all night.
He told me tliat as I was a traveler, he
would tell mo of a little 'adventure ho had
when he was in Paris. Ho said he liked to
warn young people not to be allured into
places where they would be likely to got
caught by the police
. . "It was about tho middle of an after
noon, in the month of September, that I
arrived at Paris, and entered my name nt
a well known hotel. After supper 1 took
a stroll around Home of the principal streets
of the capital, 1 and concluded to go to the
theatre in the evening. Evening cume; it
was warm and pleasant, just suited to my
pleasure. Off I Btnrted, to relieve ounui.
It was just 1 1 o'clock when it was done,
and I wandered around to enjoy my silent
reveries of homo, and take a , moonlight
view of the noted metropolis. How far I
wandered I could not tell, when raising
my eyes suddenly, I saw a femalo form,
arrayed in whito, leaning against the lamp
post. She stood there, more like an angel
of beauty than a missive of crime As I
neared Bho stepped forward, bowod, and
told me that by some mistake her partner
had lost her. She was afraid to go home
alone and wished that I would accompany
her home. She was sorry to put me to so
mnch inconvenience, but she was really
afraid to go. I who was then a young
man,' politely took her arm, and proceeded
as she directed. She led me through nu
merous streets, . until we came to- a very
pleasant looking brick house of two stories.
She stopped, entered, and went up one
flight of stairs into a small bedroom, neat
ly furnished, . and left me, without a light,
to call her mother, ' who would be glad to
ses ft gentleman who bad been so kind as
to wait upon her home. Suddenly I tho't
I had better go,- I had done them but a
slight service at best. I went to the door
to go out. - It was fastened. I was a pris-'
onerl My mind, conceived all sorts of
ideas regarding my welfare; but I felt now,
that I was in an abode of wickedness.
The artful woman bad entraped me. A
feeling of fear began to start over me "
NO. 50
I looked arouud for a place of ogress,
but could see noue. At last I camo iu con
tact with something it was a bed. Per
haps it might be placed neara window. As
I was grouping around, my feet hit against
something under the bed. ' It seemed lilo
ft human body. I stooped down and felt
of it." It was a human body warm, in its
last sleep- the sleep of death. My hair
siooa on us cnus auu my teotn chattered
with inward terror. . I could hear a po
lice posse clattering on the. pavements.
They were on the stairs. My fato was
sealed.. Uio gallows would be satisfied
with the, blood of the innocent; there would
be no hope for me; ; I whs s foreigner in a
toreign land; no counsel could save mo
from my inevitable doom.' Luckily, the
moon just then peeped through the long
looked-for window, and I jumped on a shed
near by, from thence some liftecd feet to
tho ground. : My hotel I Roon reached ,and
sought my bedroom, to dream of my re
markable esunpe. In the morning, as I
took up a newspaper, I read the following:
v."Murieb. Lastnifldit.about 12 o'clock.
the cry of murder roo from tho second
story of a liouso of ill-famo in the street
.On entering the building.the mux-
. o - O '
derer, as is supposed, escaped through the
window, leaving his -victim under the bed,
with his throat cut from ear, to ear. Tho
police are on his track, and will arrest him
by noon if he is in the city."
After reading this, I quickly settled my
bill, and left the city, resolved that I never
would go home with another strange wo
man."' ;
; Morning came the bright sun bespoke
a pleasant day.and after breakfast I moun
ted my horse to proceed on my journey,
determined (o follow tho old man's advice.
, IMaiit Esti'ly. .
If the spring is cold, and backward, we
often hear the farmers say, "corn is better
out of the ground, than in it.-"
Well, now, friends, you were never
moro mistaken in your lives. If the frost
is out of the ground, and the wmither warm
enough to sprout it, corn had better be in
the ground. It may be kept back, like a
talented step-son but its energies nro ac
cumulating, and as soon as a favorable op
portunity offers, its latent powers will
show themselves.
While the top is kept down by the chill
air its roots, protected by the earth, are
spreading, and striking deep, which will
enable it to stand the heat and drought of
mid-summer.
Corn tops will not grow much while the
thermometer is below seventy degrecs.but
tho roote will, so that they become dispro
portioned to the top. Corn planted later,
will often overtake it in growth, but the
early planted will ripen at least two weeks
earlier than the late planted, and having so
much root, is not so much injured by the
drought.
For a good, full crop, corn should bo
planted so as to glaze before tho middle of
September. You may as well undertake
to ripen watermelons by mooshinc, as corn
by tho bleak winds of October.
Plant Eurly.- Ohio Farmer.
J Eloquence is not the art of addressing
men in public it is the gift of strong
feclingVuccurate thought, extensive knowl
edge, splendor of imagination, force of ex
pression and the power of communicating
in written or spoken language, to other
men, the idea, the feeling, the conviction of
truth, the admiration for the beautiful, the
deposition to uprightness, the enthusiasm
for virtue, the devotion to duty, the heroic
love of country, and the tailh in immor
tality which makes men honorable the
feeling heart, tho clear head, the 6ound
judgmeut, the popular" knowledge, the
artistic imagination, the ardent patriotism,
tho manly courage, iho attachment to lib
erty, tho pious philosophy, and, lastly,
the religious consonant with the most ex
alted idea of tho divinity, which render the
individual good, the people great, and the
human race sacred. It supposes in us
tho possession and exercise of nil the in
tellectual and moral faculties that are in
volved in speech; the power of the human
word. v '
Dibcovekv of Ancient Greek Sculp
ti'kk. Lottors from Athens,' mention the
discovery of 300 antique statues, or frag
ments of sculpture, rocently brought to
light by excavations at Argos, on tho site
of the Tomple of Juno. , These precious
remains of ancient art have been recovered
by tho Greek Government; and, if it had
any large spirit or interest in archoeology,
Argos possesses within its classic soil
quarries of invaluable works of sculpture
buried in the ruins of the ancient city, and
which might be reclaimed at no great cost.
Indeed, the sites of the old Greek temples,
in many districts, excavated . by the gov
ernment or by tho capital of associations,
would probubly, by sale of the works dis
covered, amply repay the outlay.
Useful Invention fuiiDeauout Houses.
Mr; . W, Rice of Boston, Lincolnshire,
has patented an invention, which will tend
greatly to decrease the labor of draught
horses. It consists of a spring link, form
ed of steel or Indian rubber; attached to
the traces, hame chains, or any part of (he
harness, so. that instead of a horse taking a
dead pull at starting, and frequently com
ing down, the load is gradually admitted
to the shoulder, by which means the collar
forms a complete cushion, . and prevents
both sora shoulders and broken knees.
Liverpool PitptTy ,:. ';;
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 19, 1855
A C1 EER1 ErLBLIC OF P.AIRIE DOGS
, . BY WASHINGTON IUVI.NU.
During our excursion, I learned that a
burrow, or village, as it is termed, of prai
rie dogs had beon discovered upon the lev
el summit of a hill, about a mile from the
camp. Having Leard much of the habits
and peculiarities of these little animals, I
determined to pay a visit to the communi
ty. The prairie dog is, m fact, one of the
curiosities of the far west; about which
travellers delight to tell marvellous tales,
endowing him at times with something of
the political and social habits of a rational
being, and giving him . systems of civil
government and domestic economy, almost
equal to what they used to bestow upon
the beaver. ..-'
The prairio dog is an animal of tho cony
kind, about the size of the rabbit. ' He is
of a very sprightly, mercurial nature.quick
sensitive, and somewhat petulant. , He is
very gregarious, living in large communi
ties, sometimes of several acres in extent,
where innumerable little heaps of earth
show the entrances to tho subterranean
cells of tho inhabitants," and the well beaten
tracks, like lanes and streets, show their
mobility and restlessness. According to
the accounts, given of them, they would
seem to be continually full of 6port, busi
ness and public affairs; whisking, about
hither and thither, as if on gossiping busi
ness to each other's houses, or congregat
ing iu the cool of the evening, or after a
shower, and gamboling together in the o
peri air. Sometimes especially when the
moon shines they pass half the night in
revelry, barking or yelping with short,
quick, yet weak tones, like those of very
young puppies. While in tho height of
their playfulness and clamor, however,
should thero be the least alarm, they all
vanish into their cells in an instnnt, and
the village remains blank and silent. In
ease they are hard pressed by their pur
suers without any hope of escape, they w ill
assume a pugnacious air, and a most whim
sical look of impotent wrath and deGnnco.
Such are a few of tho particulars that I
could gather about the habits of this little
inhabitant of the prairies, who, with his
pigmy republic, appears to be a subject of
much curious speculation and burlesque
remarks, among the hunters of the far
west.
It was toward evening that I sot out,
with a companion, to the village in ques
tion. Unluckily, it had been invaded in
the course of the day by some of the rang
ers, who had shot two or three of its in
habitants, and thrown tho whole sensitive
community into confusion. As wo ap
proached, we could perceive numbers of
the inhabitants seated at tho cntranco of
their cella, while sentinels seemed to have
been posted on the outskirts to keep a look
out. Atthe sight of us the picket guards
scampered in nud gavo tho alarm, where
upon every inhabitant gavo a short yelp or
bark, and dived in his hole, his heels twink
ling iu tho air, as if he had thrown a som
erset. . " '''
We traversed the whole village, or re
public, which covered an area ofuhout
thirty acres; but not a whisker of an in
habitant was to be seen. We probed their
cells as far as the ramrods ot our rifles
would reach, but in, vain. Moving quiet
ly to a little distance, we laid down upon
the ground and watched for a long time,
silent and motionless. By and by, a cau
tious old burgher would slowly put forth
the end of his nose, but instantly draw it
iu again. Another, :at a great distance,
would emerge entirely, but catching a
glance of us would throw a somerset, and
plunge back ogain in his hole
At length.
some who resided on
the opposite side of
the village, taking courage from the con
tinued stillness, would steal forth and hur
ry olT to a distant bile, the residence, pos
sibly, of some family connection or gossip
ing friend, about whoso safely they were
solicitous, or with whom they wished to
compare notes about the late occurrences.
Others, still more bold, assembled in Utile
knots in the streets and public places, as if
to discuss the recent outrages oll'ered to
the commonwealth, and the atrocious mur
ders of their fellow burghers.
We rose from tho ground, and moved
forward to take a nearer view of these pub
lic proceedings, when yelp! yelp! yelp!
thore was a shrill alarm passed from mouth
Jo mouth; the meeting suddenly disbursed;
feet twinkled in tho air in every direction,
and in nn instnnt all had vanished into the
earth. The dusk of tho evening put an
end to our observations, but the train of
whimsical comparisons produced in my
brain, by the moral attributes which 1 had
heard given to these little, politic animals,
still continued after my return to camp;
and late in the night, ns I lay awake after
all the camp was asleep, and heard, in tho
stillness of the hour, a faint clamor of shrill
voices from tho village, I could' not help
picturing to myself the inhabitants gather
ed together in noisy assembly and windy
debate, to devise plans for the public safe
ty and to vindicate the invaded rights and
insulted dignity of the republic
JtrBurns fell in love when in his fif
teenth year, at which time he committed
the sin of rhyming. Poor fellowl He
had his 'hands and heart full after that,
though it proved a blessing to the world.
His first song was written in behalf of his
'bonnie, tweet, tonsie last,' 'who, unwit
tingly to himself,, initiated; him into that
delicious passion,' love. ' v . ,
I ,- 'Only Home Laborer' CLild.n I u- .... ' . , .. 7 . ' mmm'S!m'mmm':ww
Anson G. Chester, the poet editor of the
Buffalo Erprets, writes its follows touch
ing the aristocratic tendencies of the pres
ent age: '
The individual distinctions, barriers,
demarcations, which so infest the present
time are among tho greatest pests of society.
ilium nouiu uo in sucn ining as upper
and lower classes, if men and women were
not poisoned: by tlio hurtful venom of Fash
ion ana Aristocracy. Ve owe our ures-
cm, uonuiuuii to ourselves, ana stand alone
in our opinions of men. '
"Only some laborer's child!" A pretty
speech for the lips of a woman to utter.
She must forget tho origin of Jesus she
cannot have read tho story of Bethlehem.
Perhaps she has even forgotton her own
berth history. - We wonder how her chil
dren are whether they are more beautiful
promising and brilliant than the children
ofherpooror neighbors.' Have known
many a rich man to father a deformity.
Perhaps this lady is the moihorof a youno-
wroicu wno smoKes cigars, wears stand
ing collars, and drinks Otard, in his four
teenth year.
"Only some laborer's child!" Oh, how
wo hate such nonsense. And yet the term
contains a oomplimant. God knows we
would ratrrer have that little girl's mother
for ours than to be the son of the exquisite
feminine who uttered this sentence. La
bor is honorable, glorious. We have yet
to find that any such characteristics per
tain to soft-headed aristocracy. Wo have
yet to learn that money and station enlarge
tho heart, expand the soul and multiply
the moral principles of our being. If jus
tice was done, tho crown would be jilaeed
upon the brow of tho peasant, and kings
would do the grubbing.
We hope tho "lady" who made tho re
maik which forms the subicct of this arti
cle, will ponder over what we have written,
and see if the sneer look3 well in print.
We lay a reasonable wager that she, her
self, was nursed by a poor mother, and
that her station is due to chance rather
than desert. This may bo plain talk, but
it is honest.
"Only a laborer's child!" A ruby to a
rose that this very child does more good,
gains more affection,, and lies down in a
more tranquil grave than the "lady" whose
sneer wo have thus recorded.
Lamb and Lazv A Fable. Two beg
gars Lanie-and Lazy, were in want of
bread. One leaned on his crutch, the oth
er reclined on his couch.
Lame called on Charity, nnd humbly
asked for a cracker. Instead of a cracker,
he received a loaf.
Lazy, seeing the gift of Charity, ex
claimed "What, ask for a cracker aud re
ceive a loaf?
"Well, I will ask for a loaf."
Lazy now applied to Charitv and called
for a loaf of bread.
"Your demand for a loaf," said Chari
ty, "proves that' you are a loafer. Youj
are of that class and character who ask and:
receive not; you ask amiss." j
Lazy, who always found fault, and had j
rather whine thnn'work, complained of ill
treatment, nnd oven accused Chanty, or a
breach of an exceeding great and precious
promise. "Ask and you shall receive."
Charity pointed him to a painting in her
room which presented to his vision three
persounges, Faith, Hope, nnd Charity.
Charity appeared larger and fairer than
her fisters. Ho noticed that her right
hand held a pot of honey, which fed a bee
disabled, having lost his wings. Her loft
hand was armed with a whip to keep off
the drones. '
'Don't understand it," saidLazy.
Charity replied, "It means that Char
ity feeds the lame and.Ilogs tho lazy." f
Lazy turned to go.
: "Stop," said Charity, "instead of coin
I will give you counsel. Io not go and
live on your poor mother, for I will send
you a rich aunt. ' .
"Itich aunt," echoed Lazy. "Where
shall I lind her?" ,
"You will find her in Proverbs, sixth
chapter and sixth verse."
Mobal. Instead of waiting for an uncle
to die go and see how a rich atjst lives.
How to Prosi'er in Business. In tho
first place, make up your mind to accom
plish whatever you undertake; decide up
on some particular employment and perse
vere in it. All difficulties are overcomo
by diligence and assiduity. .
Be not afraid to do work with your own
hands, and diligently, top. "A cat in
gloves catches no mice."
Attend to your own business, and never
trust it to another. "A pot that belongs
to many is ill-stirred and worse boiled,"
Be frugal. "That which will not make
a pot will make a pot lid." '
Bo abstemious. "Who dainties love
shall beggars prove." .
: Rise early. "The sleeping fox catches
no poultry.", t
Trcateyery one with respect aud civili
ty. "Everything is gained & nothing lost
by courtesy." " Good manners insure suc
cess. ...'.- .
Never anticipate wealth from any other
source than labor. "He who waits for
dead men's shoes may . have to go for a
long time barefooted."
' Heaven helps those who help them
selves. ' ' v ' ' - ',
If you implicitly follow these piecepts,
nothing will hinder you from acoumulat-
, " " Mine Aimntic UctaB. THE KOfiE TUB PKKSS.
Tlia basin llf the Aflantir ("Won
long trough, separating the Old . World
irom me rnew, and exu-iiding probably
from pole lo pole. This ocean furrow was
probably scored into the solid crust of our
planet br the Almiihtv ham). iKhi tli u .
. c j ' "
sera wmcu lie caueu seas might be gather
ed together so as to let the dry land ap
pear and tit the earth for the lmbitationof
man. From the top of Chimborazo to the
bottom of the Atlantic, at the deepest
place yet leached by tl o plummet in the
Northern Atlantic, the distance in a verti
cal lino is nine miles. ' Could the waters
of the Atlantic he drawn so as to expose
to view this great seagash, which separates
continents and extends fi om the Arctic
and Antartic it would present a scene the
most rugged, grand and imposing.
The very ribs of the solid earth, with
the foundations of the sea, would be bro't
to light, and we should have presented to
us, at one view, in the empty cradle of the
ocean, "a thousand fearful wrecks," wiih
that dreadful array of dead men's skulls,
great anchors, heaps of pearls, and inesti
mable stones, which in the poet's eye, lie
scattered in the bottom of the sea, making
it hideous with sights of ugly death. . The
deepest part of the North Atlantic is prob
ably somewhere between the Bermudas
and the Grand TkinIcs Tin. waters r,f tl,
gulf of Mexico are held in a basin about a
v.v y ... MIV UVCM:.,l (.11.. 1 UCrO IB ill
the bottom of tho sea, between Cape Race
in Newfoundland and Cape.CIear in Ire
land, a remarkable steppe, which isalready
known as tho telegraphic plateau. A com
pany is now engaged with the project of a
submarine telegraph across the Atlantic.
It is proposed to carry the wires along this
plateau from the Eastern shores of New
foundland to the Western shores of Ire
land. The great circle distance between
these (wo shore lines is 1,600 miles, and
the sea alonthis route is nrntmtilv nn.
where moro than 10.000 feet deen.-.-Vo-
feasor Mtiury.
Don't Overta-k tlie Young Drain.
Br. Robertson says, the minds of chil
dren ought to be little, if at all, tasked, till
the brain's development is nearly complet
ed, or until the ago of six or seven years.
And will those years be wasted? or will
the future man be more likely to be defi
cient in mental power and capacity than
one who is differently treated? Thn.
years will not bo wasted. 1 lie great book
of nature is open to the infant's and the
child's prying investigation; and from na
ture's page may be learned more useful in
formation than is contained in all the chil
dren's books that have been published.
But even supposing those years to have
been absolutely lost, which is any thing
but the case, will the child be eventually a
lnser thereby? We contend, with our au
thor, tl at he will not. Task the mind dur
ing tho earlier years, and you only expose
the child to a greater risk of a disordered
brain not only, it may be, lay the founda
tion for a morbid excitability of brain, that
may one day end in insanity but you de
bilitate its bodily powersi and by so doing,
to all intents and purposes, the mind will
be a loser in its powers and capabilities.
Why docs Land Produce Weeds!
Because there is more wild, or fibrous
matter in the soil, accumulated by ages of
the growth and decomposition of vegeta
tion, than there is of that property requir
ed for the crops we wish to raise.
As we have often said, burn a plant, and
the ashes will show what the soil is com
posed of." The ashes arc what is drawn
from the earth. By the decomposition,
what was drawn from the atmosphere, has
been liberated, and escaped in the form of
gas. The ashes are mineral, and never
exist, naturally, in the atmosphere.
, The ashes of all plants, consist of the
same substances, only in different propor
tions. Like soap, which is grease, and
alkali, but when properly combined, are
neither, but a new compound. So with
soils. If the compound is largely wild, or
vegetable, it will produce weeds, make an
excess of phosphate of lime, nd it will as
naturally produce wheat; give it an excess
of alkali, and it will produce potatoes. A
farmer should lit his crop to the soil, or
his soil for his crop. Ohio Farmer.
Music in' flic Family.
A clergyman, possessing much knowl
edge of human nature, instructed his large
family of daughters iu the ordinary practice
of music. They were all observed to be
amiable and happy. A friend inquired if
there was any secret in his mode of edu
cation. He replied, "when anything dis
turbs their tempers, I say to them, sing;
and if I hear them speaking Hgainst any
person, I call them to sing to mo; and
they sing away all causes of discontent,
and every disposition to scandal." Such a
use of this accomplishment might seem to
fit a family for the company of angels.
Young voices around the domestic liar,
breathing sacred music at the hour of the
morning and evening devotions are a sweet
nnd touching accompaniment.
Books may furnish us with ideas; ex
perience may improve our j'udgment; but
it is an acquaintance with accomplished
females alone which can bestow that facil
ity of address and suavity of manner Whioh
distinguishes the gentleman Irom the
scholar or man of business. .
" We may live by forms but there is nd
dying by forms.- ' , 1 -
:
ST . w. S1UI.
W hen meodj tiioa kad vtased to eliwh
Toward WMom'sleaiplaboary,
And dark nest Uy nponthaway
Oflearning and of story,
The multitude of men were rude,
Unlettered and neglected,
And woman fair was every where
A bused or half respected.
The Church-bell tnll'4 of learning old,
The prieattold of belie-lettreii
Aud hooded monk etlneed bis snunk
By tramidingvn bis Seller
Then rose the Press to put redress
. Upon the world's ambition,
And spreading light and love and right,
lias bettered man's condition!
When Science pined for want of mind
To nourish and protect her.
And Wisdom's light grew dimly bright ,
For wmt of arofleuv.r
When Progress ttnp'd her tongue, and drop'd
lierthlnkinghead in sorrow.
Or spoke with dread, In lauguage deud,
Ofsomi-ihlng for to-morrow
W hen landed lords with pouipoas words,
Assailed the weak and lowly, .
And swords in hands reduced the lands
For purposes unholy
Then rose the Press to pat redress
Upon the world's ambition,
Andspreadiiiglight and equal right,
lias bettered man's condition!
Whn churchmen rude old Fsrrr withstood
- And call'd htui a magieisa,
And dani'd Lis art with all their heart
And Catholic precision
When mountebanks, with tricks and pratks,
Nude bigot darkness deeper,
Aud old-wife-lore was babbled o'er
To soothe the troubled sleeper
When flight ofbird. and madmen's words
Were tulem li-gislation;
The comet's Lull was told in wail
Aud ft-arful agitalion
Then rote the Press to pat redress
Upon the world's ambition,
And. spreading sense, (good eommon senve)
Has bettered man's condition.
When freedom's thought our fathers brought
Across the lonly ocean;
A nd Britain's strength was tried 'at length'
To bend bertohcr noUon
When freemen's mind the 'pressman' lined -
In silent preparation,
To spread Ihe thought, their blood was wrought
into a mighty nation
When Freedom's name, went forth to fame
In sacred "leelaration"
V hen Torktown'a Held was made to yield
The aword of devastatlea
Then rose the Press with her re.hess
Upon the world's ambition.
And swelled in might a glorious light
To better man's conditiou.
Astronomy.
It seems to us that in this science we arc
fast approaching a point where we need
the guidance rather of a new Plato than of
a new Bacon or Newton. The telescope
of Lord Rosse has sounded our present as
tronomy to its real depths. Few more
great prizes are reserved, we suspect, in
that starry sea. We have attained the
knowledge that the stars are old, that they
are of one stuff, and that there is no visible
end to their numbers. What more of any
moment, in this direction, by our present
methods, is ever likely to be reached by
us? It is like walkisg through a pine for
est of vast extent and uniform aspect, a few
miles tire and satisfy us. So now, the
news of "stars, stars, stars," pouring on
us in everlasting succession all We each
other, all distant all inscrutable, and ever
silent, the moral history of all unknown
produces very little effect, and the mid
might heavens of modern astronomy be
come again, as to the eye of childhood, a
mighty and terrible pageant or procession,
the meaning and the purpose, the whither
and the whence, of which we do not under
stand. And we are tempted, to say to as
tronomers, as the prate of their new firma
ments, and planets, and comets. "We
kucw something like this longago;can you
not cive us some li"ht on the meaning of
1 1 , Jicfont r,rrw9 rtr r.ni .1 tie tft s.nma
worthy lessons of moral interest from that I
ever widening but never-clearing page?"
And to cry out to the stars, "c-peafe as wclli
as sLine, ye glorious mutes in the halls ol
heaven! Shed down on some selected and '
favored ear tho true meaning of your mys-
tic harmonics? Hieroglyphics, traced by
the finirer of God on tho walls of night,)
when shall the Daniel arrive to interpret
you, and to tell us whethor ye coutain ti-j
dings of hope or of despair? Stargazers
have looked t you long enough, and math
ematicians weighed and measured you;
when shall the eye the Russian eye of a
true seer lift itself up to your contem
plation, and extract the heart of your mys
tery? " If not, men soon turn ' away from
you in disappointment, and look with as
much hope on the bright foam-bells of an
autumn ocean as on you, the froth of im
mensity. UiifiUan. .
Mothers.
I think it must somewhere be writ
ten, that the virtue of mothers shall, occa
sionally, be visited on their children, as
well as the sins ol fathers. Dickens.
A mother who has brought up a largo
family of children with eminent success,
was once asked by a younger one, what
she would recommend in the case of her
children who were too carefully educated.;
I think, my dear, a little wholesoiru ncg-
led" she replied.
The glorious spirit of an infant, is the
star to guide the mother to its own blissful
home. Sigolttney. ...
The future destiny of the child is al
ways .the work of , the toother. Bona-
part.
ESTABLISHED IN 1826
UroansM Areuuit Houses.
There is nothing in a knowledge of1
which our countrymen are store deficient,' '
than in laying out and properly . planting
and cultivating the grounds around their
dwelling". ery often they are not laid
out, nor plantd at . all, but are left in a
state of primitive bleakness, or only orna
mented bv objects of confusion and dis
order. Wheie improvement is actually at2
tempted, the result is not unfrequently a
combination of inconvenience and stiffness;
snd very tvw neatly; economically and
tastefully laid out gtounds are tobe met
with. Why should not Ibis art, which
every living man iu the country ought W
practice, be taught in ourbighef schools?
Latin and Creek are excellent studies fof
those who have plenty of time and means
for these as well as other departments of
knowledge; but for 6Ucb as cannot master
all, would not the months consumed oil
Taci'.us aud Thucydides, be more profita
bly spent on those fascinating and eminent
ly useful studies, drawing and architecture,
in connection with landscape gardening?
When will the time come that the latter
will bare only an equal chance with the
former? Time once lost never returns;
and it is of the highest conseqnence that
those who direct the mode that young
people shall spend it at the most critical of
all periods in their lives, should study
carefully the best modes for accomplishing
so all important an object. Country Gen
tleman. Rules for the Jourkev or Life. The
following rules from the papers of Dr.
West, according to his memorandum, art
thrown together as general way-marks irt
the journey of life:
Never ridicule sacred things, or what
others may esteem as such, however ab'
surd they may appear to you. ,
Never show levity whtn people are en
gaged in worshiop.
Never to resent supposed injury till 1
know tho views and motives of the author
of it. On no occasion to relate it.
Always to take the part of an absent
person, who is censured in company, si
tar as truth and propriety will allow.
Never to think worse of another 6tt
account cf his differing from me in politi
cal and religious subjects. , '
Not to dispute with a man who is mor9
than seventy years of age, nor With a wo
man, nor any enthusiast. .
Not to affect tobe witty, or to jest s6 i&
to wound the feelings of another.
To say as little as possible of myself and
of those who are near to me.
To aim at cheerfulness without levity.
Never to court the favor of the rich by
flattering either their vanity or their vices.
To speak with calmness and delibera
tion on all occasions, especially in circum
stances which tend to irritate. .
Frequently to review my conduct and1
note my feelings. , ..
Ay Anciext CuuRcn DiscovfiRSD. Ar
interesting discovery has btwn made and
communicated by tho Rev. N. M. Eddy,
missionary of the American Board in Alep
po, Syria. On a visit to Antioch, he.found
the remains of an old church, which tra
dition, whose authority in this case rnay
be unquestioned, ascribes to the early.
Christians. The ruins are in the face of
the rocky side of the mountain, and thfl
part that remains is the part which was
hewed out some thirty feet deep in the
rock, with two arches which support the
roof and the pavement of the remainder of
the church before it. Somo bt. the paint
vet remains upon its arched walls, f herd
are remains of a burying ground before it
and many tombs of considerable size cufi
out in the rock at its sides. .,.'"'
The IjANGfAOE OF FlKB WOOD. H
North Carolina, it is frecwent. amonrr her
forests of fat pine, for a lover in distress lo"
s.nd the fair object of his affections a bit
of its staple vegetable, with an eyepalntod
unnn it. It niimiries. "f nine." lffaTor
able to him, " the young lady selects from
t.ia wood pile the bst ana smoothest spec
imen of akuot. This signifies, "pine not.'
But if, on the other hand, she detests him,
(there is no middle ground between detes
tttion and adoration with young - women.)
she burns one end of his message; and this
generally throws the young man into de-1
spair, for it means, "I make light of your
pining. '
Small Fahm Creat PtofUsi-lU Tole
do Republican notices the farm of one of
our subscribers, 0 S. Breed near that city,
which shows what can be doure with afew
acres. A' little farm well tilled,' is our
beauideal of rural life, and when " we go
to the country to finish up our mortal ca
reer, we bespeak not over five acres for
homestead. The Republican says:
"Mr. Breed has less thrift twenty-fiva -acres
under cultivation, (which he thinks
was about half tilled,) and his net profits
during the past year exceed 91,000. , He
promises ns a statement, giving the par
trculars. While such result can be ac
complished in a season like the last, hi no
man complain of tho diflicalty ct making'
a living at farminff- It is proper to ssr
that Mr. Breed's idea of good fanning dif-.
fer very much from of those many who fol
lows the business." .
JC Women govern us,; let us try to
tender them perfect. The . more they are
enlightened, so much tho more shall we
be. On the cultivation of the minds of
women depends th wisdom of men.'
L..

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