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Thursday Morning June 21,1835
Written at Mr Mothors Grave.
it a. n. nnw i.
Tho trembling dowdropa full
Upon the abutting flowora, like aonlaatroit,
Tho stars aliltie gloriously and all,
RaTe mo, are blest.
Hotlior, I lovo thy irravel
'The vtolot, with IU blossoms blue and mild,
Waves o'or thy head: v. hon shall It ware
Above thy child?
Tla a aweot flowor yet imiaV
It bright leaves to the coming tempest bow,
Dear mother, 'tla thine emblem dust
la ou thy brow! ,
And could I love to die
To leave un lusted life's dark, bitter streams,
Ht thee, aa erst In childhood lie
And share thy droams.
And moat I llngerhure,
To stain tho plumage ofmysliiloss years,
And mourn the hope of childhood dear
With bitter tears?
Ay, must 1 linger here,
A lonely branch upon a withered tree,
Whose Inat frail leaf, untimely gear.
Went down-wilh tuoe?
On from UM'a withering bower.
In still communion with the past, I turn
. And muse on thee, the only flower
In memory's urn, -
And when tho evening pule,
Came o'er a mourner on the dim blue wave,
1 pray to hear the night wluda wail
Around thy grave.
Whom la thy spirit flown?
' I gaio above thy look Is Imaged there
1 llte ii and thy gentle tone
la ou tho alrl .
Oh, como, whilst here I pross
My brow upon IliygrnVo, and In tboso mild
And thrilling tone of leuiloriioss,
lilost. ulojs thy child.
Yes, bless thy weeping child,
And o'er thine urn, Tension's shrine,
Oh, give Ills aplrlt undented,
To blend with thine.
CUIII.NG A BLOOMER.
Jack Carysfort was engaged to Miss Mo
linrfii Wiuklo., tho only daughter ofu re
tired merchant, when sho was only quite a
child, and then started for Paris, where
he was to-study for four years; at the ex
piration of which lima Miss Winkle would
bo nineteen and ready to assume the duties
of a nvttron. Thore was no necessity ofl
Jack's studying ni'jdiciiu, he had ample
fortune, but old Winkle insisted that he
ought to have a profession. From time to
tims ho hoard from and of Melinda, and
learned that she was growing up , very
- beautiful, and so changed that he wouldu't
His studies comploted, Jack returned
.home, and no sooner arrived in Boston
than ha went in search of Tom Winkle, to
learn how his sister was old Winkle lived-
on a fancy farm forty miles from Boston.
Tom told him that his sister hud grown up
active and attractive that she had receiv
. ed a first-rate education, and was witty and
- accomplished; but that she had become in
fected with the bloomer mania, and noth
ing could cure her of her ridiculous de
termination to wear the pantaloons, and
adopt tha habits of the ruder sex. He
7' said that her father had remonstrated with
her in vain, and that' nothing could eure
her of her folly.
' - Now Jack abhored an unsexod woman,
and in spile of his own solemn engage
ment to marry Melinda, he resolved, if he
, failed to convert the lady to his own no-
- ... tionsof propriety by a system of tactics he
- had rapidly conceived, he would abandon
' her to some less fastidious suitor. Having
imparted his project to Tom, he started by
railroad for Winkle Lodge, and in aoouplo
of hours was shaken warmly by the hand
of Mr. Winkle..' The old gentleman pre-
-' pared for a great change in his daughter,
. . and hoped he would not be too much
, shocked at her costume.. So much prom-
'., isod, he introduced the lover to his lady,
and her cousin Maria, a very pretty girl,
staving, willi her to keep her company.
Melinda wore a jaunty black velvet rid-
v ing cap, beneath which her hair appeared,
cropped short like a man's; a frock coat
buttoned up to the throat; a pair of fault
lessly fitting pantaloons, and little high
. heeled boots. If she had been an actress,
Jack would have been delighted, but he
, . was very sorry to soe a lady so intimately
associated with his happiness in this e
quipment. She, however, was evidently
proud of the iadependonce she exhibited.
Jack kissed her, but he kissed her cous
in, too,. not entirely to. the satisfaction of
:'- tho Bloomer. .
".-' 'l .was going to shoot at woodcocks!"
said Melinda; "There's my gun in the
"Do you ride as well as shoot?" asked
"Do I ridel" exclaimed Melinda. "I
don't do anything else! I've just been put
t'ng my horse up to stono walls; he'll make
a capital itncer."
"Of courso you discard the side-saddle?"
'Not quite so bad as that,' replied the
Bloomer slightly blushing.
'I'm going to see my grrips, Jack,' said
old Winkle, 'so you must tako care of the
'Dear girl,' said Jack, addressing Maria,
when Winkle had retired, 'though I hu
mored Mr. Winkle's joke, when he intro
duced me, still the moment I saw you, I
knew that you were none other than my
Melinda; you are just what I painted you
in my dreams."
'And what do you hike me for, then.
you block-head?' asked Melinda.
'ror i tist what vou are my- bov!' cried
Jack, slapping her on the back 'honest
Tom Winklol Handsome cnoncrh for a
girl, to bo sure, but altogether too roujrh
'But I assure vou' Mr. Carvsfort ' said
'Don't assuro me that you are not your
own sweet self,' said Jack, tenderly, 'but
tell mo all about your lite here. What a
charming, retired place! How abundant
is the country in resources for the gratifi
cation of true feminine tastes! With its
birds and flowers for admiration and cul
ture; its pleasant walks scenery for the
pencil; and then books, music, and hous-
liold work for in-doJr employment on rainy
days and evenings. Such, doubtless, my
denr Melinda has found it.'
But let mo tell you, Mr. Carvsfort'
interrupted the real Melinda.
'lie quiet, lorn! cued Jack, impnticut-
ly. -Do be off with your gun or go into
the stable you were always a troublesome
boy. You must know that I have a world
of ihings to say to your sister.
J shall slay where I am!' said Melinda,
throwing hersel iuto a chair and rocking
'Well hold your tonrnie then,' said Jack,
turning his back upon her, and continuing
to converse wilh Maria. 'Dear Melinda,
this joke of trying to pass Tom, here, off
ns you, reminds me of the Bloomer mania.
We had accounts of it in Paris, and it
made the Frenchmen laugh confoundedly
at our expense. Once in a while you see
a woman in the streets of Paris, dressed
in male attire, and such travesties are com
mon in carnival time,' but only tolerated
then by the license of the season.
'It is an absurd mania, to be sure,' said
'I am glad to hear you condemn it,' re
turned Jack warmly, pressing her liand,
'for sooner than many a confirmed Bloom
er, I would bestow my hand and uame on
a street singor, or a tight rope dancer.' .
'Don't you want to look at the grounds?'
said Melinda in a subdued and agitated
'I want to talk with your sister, you lit
tle rascal!' cried Jack; and taking her by
the shoulders ha put her out of the room
and locked the door on her.
Ten minutes afterward she peered
through tho front window blinds, and saw
Jack kissing Maria, it being part of his sys
tem. At the dinner table Melinda appeared
in the habiliments of her sex, looking very
beautiful, though it must be confessed
that her eyes were a little red and swol
len. She blushed and held out her hand
'Amazement!' cried Jack. 'Where's
'Tom is in Boston, as you know very
well, or ought to know, '.said Molinda.
. 'Then this lady' said Jack, now turn
ing to Maria. -
'It is my cousin Maria, as you were told
this morning, only you wouldn't believe
it,' said Melinda; reproachfully.
Maria laughed at the joke, but sfio had
a little affair of hor own, and was there
fore not unwilling to resign Jack to his
Hivino Bees. A chap out in Louisiana
recently took a notion for a bath in an in
viting stream, which flowed through a
field he was engaged in ploughing, and di
vesting himself of his clothes for the pur
pose, hung his unmentionables upon the
limb of a locust treee, hard by. He had
laxuriatcd for some half hour, and swam
back to his starting point, when he per
ceived a bevy of young damsels approach
ing with their flower-baskets. He scam
pered np the bank into his breeches, but
alas! unhappy man, not soon enough .
They were occupied. A small colony of
bees was in possession. He reports that
he got horhej but how, ha knows not.-
Thinlra lia ran'1 Lnnure Via luillnn'H and is
sure the girls laughed. His friends found
in his pantaloons a number of dead bees,
some angry ones, and the biggest half of a
very soro youth. Worcetter Transcript.
"RiBiFiKD Men." The following ap
pears as tha closing paragraph to an article
from the pen of the Rev. Henry Ward
Beecher. in the last number of the "Inde
pendent:" Alas! that we should hava so many rar
ified men among us, who are so holy that
they cannot quite touch tha ground, and
yet are not etherial enough to rise entire
ly up, and therefore hang in an unpleasant
osciliation between earth and heaven, quita
uncertain in thoir own minds to which their
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING, JUNE 21, 1855 .
TO TUB RIGHT REV. JOHN HUGHES, BISHOP
OP HKW YORK.
Mr dear Sir. In my last letter, I sub
mitted to your decision tho question,
whet! er or not the Roman Catholic is a
churen of Ulirist, after briefly stating to
you how some things bearing on its truth
ful decision strike mo. I design the pres
ent letter to nave no very remote bearing
upon the same question; and would ask
you to give it ths degree of consideration
to which, iu candour, you may deem its
In reading tho prophecies of the Old
Testament, I find that they all speak wilh
the most glowing anticipations of the yet
tutuie Kingdom ot Messiah, lhat kingdom
was to produce the civil, moral, and spirit
ual renovation of the world. When I
turn over to the New Testament, 1 find
that on the birth of Messiah, the Ansjel of
the Lord staled to the shepherds that he
came to bring them good tidings of treat
joy which should be to all people. And
having announced the birth of the Sav
iour in the city of David, he was suddenly
joined by a multitude of angels; singing,
"Ulory to uod in the Inchest, and on
ea?th peace, good will toward men." Tho
Ulu lestament and the .Piow, patriarchs,
pophets, and apostles, all unite in teach
ing us that the effect of Christianity upon
our world would be to restore it to its
primeval stale, and to ro-instamp upon the
heart or man the lost imago of his Creator.
oow, how far has ropery fulfilled these
predictions, and the. reasonable expecta
tions of the faithful, founded On them? Iu
other words, what are the f i uits of Pope
ry? Our Saviour tells us that a good tree
yields good fruit, a bad tree bad fruit.
And with tins test in view, my ubiectin
the present letter is to state to you how
some things strike ni'
What has been the effect of Popery up
on hutnun liberty? Permit mo to use the
word "liberty" in its widest sense. As to
civil liberty, it has been its unchangingl
enemy. It has never permitted a spark of
liberty to glow for an hour when it could
extinguish it. There is not in Europe, at
tho present hour, perhaps not on earth,
a greater civil despot than the Pope. The
ii ill ri ii i ii l, ii luiiy, viruea n ime, or innhcs
... '' .... ' ., 1
A ennpfh in liivnur nl lihrtv mncr llv IIiai
T . 1 ,
kingdom, or bo dfnaged to dungeon And
. . i r r, - ,
we nve to judge of l'onc ry, not by ns
,. , .... , . . - , I., -,
p iabl llv where it cannot ru e, but by the
r ...... . l
way which it shows Us heart wheroiti,, . 1 . ,' j , t
. ... . , . i ,
can do so without let or hindernnee.
tr n -ii- ,
Kings as well as peoplo havo groaned
.... i, i r e uio leicvi mvu nuivu 1110 i-i'iiiv uifuiiua
under its tyranny Henry IV. of OeM . , , fa u J. , . J
many was made by the Pope to stand , , , d-; f d
throe days in the open air, with bare head m , ,heird,fcc:.. The Bible
and feet, r redric i. wab made to bold his . , . ., , , c
Tr . , ,T I, c v tenches us to do good to all as we find op
stnrup. He caused Henry II. of Enp;- ... . ,fa . , , .
. j . i i .i . i rrni portunily to love our enemies to treat
land to bo scourged on tho tomb of Ilioin- 1 .,, , . ', . ,, , , .. f
, , A i .i .... e with kindness those who despitefuUv per-
asa-Becket. And the present state of . , 1 , ; K
Spain, Austria. Iu.lv. sho'w tho effects of ffcu,e. U8' "ow does your church obey
Poporv on civil liberty. I theMnjunot.oM of Christ the Lord? Let
foe of menial liberty.'
ihout any authority, i
, . i , -.. . , .,-
save what your church gives it. And the
- . .
Bible must tench nothing save what your
. And man must believe." I,H,.B.l T "V ,1 : i
ling save what the priest permits.
And philosophy must teach nothing save
what the church sanctions. You know.
that for this last offence Galileo was sent
to study, astronomy in prison. PurePo-i
pery and real liberty.never have breathed, I
and never can, the same atmosphere. !
The principle of your' church is to allow.
..i r .1 ... i . :.
noming t ii hi uowh not to us yoae,
What has been the enect ot popery up
on human knowledge? When Chrisliani-!
ty like a new sun rose upon the world,
liAt3 tvao mtntli (Tat miirlif liA nallnfl Aliina-
t 'i't. u..:.. -
iii-u in ma Avuiiinu uiiiuiic. ana uuuuua
-r... .t m. ..... .....i :.
eueui.oi viiriMinuiiy who iu vjliciiu jl. , , ... . ,
,, , . ' .i Protestant communities, instead of rotntr
After the lapse of some ages, popery by V , . , ,i P ,
i , , . , Yf r ,f ,yJ nbout, ns men, to promote tho general wel
rrrniliiai stno-es crpnt. sernent-bko. to tha "u"ul- " i b
i , , e r it e.
hiirb p aces of power. How soon after-
i .i r i. i . i
wards the lights of learning go out; how
soon the dark ages commence and .roll on
as if they were never to end! And those
centuries of darkness form the golden
age of your church. And what spirit
did it manifest on the revival of learning
in England after tho sacking of Uonstan-
tinople, and at the UolormationT Leo A.
prohibited every book translated from the
C. . .. .
Ureek and Hebrew. 1 his blow was aim-
edattheBiblc. Ho forbade tho reading
ofevery book published by the Reformers",
He excommunicated all who read an
1 .. i t rni v a i ,.
heretical work. The Inquisitors prohibi -
, J 1 , ul" t .1 l . .
ted every book published by sixty-two
different printers; and all books printed by"w T "rVri :i - V i '
' ... ... A..: Tho rolnriiiii rifillirist it has converted ln-
oi neresyi xsot lias one oi tnese promo
e i " i -kT i r
itions been ever recalled. At this hour,
the noblest products of human genius nre
nnder the ban of your church; and the In
dex Expurgatorius is in full operation at
0 . ,
And what has been the effect of all this
upon human knowledge? Look into thoj
countries; for an answer, where your
church rules undisturbed. The . nobles
and peoplo, in Spain, Portugal, Austria, :
Sardinia, Sicily, are sunk into almost the
same state of ignorance. Upon the intel-
lootual degradation of Catholic Ireland I Dest, ne now prays lor paroon to uou
have already dwelt. The Book of books now to the Virgin now to Peter or Paul
which the Lamb died to unseal, your : now before some old picture almost oblit
church has re-sealed; it has laid an em- rated by age believing alike the truths of
bargoupon human knowledge; jt allows ' scripture, and the absurdities of your sys
the people to read only what it permits;! torn, and knowing little of either.' ,
and it permits only what tends to rivet its
chains, and to perpetuate the darkness
whioh is its natural element. When the
Reformation occurred, the' retrograde
movement of the world towards ignorance
and barbarism; and idolatry, had almost
been completed. Had it- not occurred, a
radiance might continue to glide the hFgh
places of the earth after the gospel sun had
set a twilight might be protracted for a
few ages, in which a few might grope their
way to heaven but each age would have
come wranped in a deeper; and yet deep
er gloom, until impenetrable darkness had
fallen on the world. Even the degree of
knowledgo whiuli has obtained in the pa
pa world, it owes to the Reformation.
And what has been the effect of pope
ry upon the happiness of. our race? This
is a question of wide bearing,' yet I can do
little more than glance at it. Has it ever
laid out its energies for the promotion of
human happiness? If so, when and where?
Has it not, on the other hand, set itself in
opposition to everything calculated to pro
mote it? Does general intelligence pro
mote it? Your church has always oppos
ed it. Does tho free circulation of the
Word of God promote it? You have op
posed this, also. Does tho inculcation of
pure religion promote it? You have
poisoned, or closed up all its fountains.
Doesadvanving civilization promote it?
Your efforts are untiring to reverse its
wheels and to roll us back to the darkness
of the dark ages, whose very light was
darkness. But what can I sav more? for
the time would fail me to tell of your mon
asteries and nunneries of the wars which
popery has excited of its crusades of
Us bitler jealousies it has sown between
states of the oceans of blood it has shed
to obtain its objects of the Inquisitions it
has erected to torture tho unbelieving
and of the way and manner in which it
has caused those of whom the world was
not worthy, to have trial of cruel mockings
and scourgings; yea moreover of bonds
and imprisonment: how it caused them to
he stoned, to be sawn asunder, to be slain
wilh the sword; to wander about the des
erts and in mountains, in dens and caves
of the earth. 0! Sir, the pathway of pope
ry through the woild is - marked by the
blood and bones of its victims. It has
gone into the earth feeling that Joshua's
commission on entering Ctinnnn was in
its pocket; and thnt all who questioned its
authority were Ilittites and Amoriles.
And almost without a figure of speech it
can be said, that the nations which it
r t,i.t , ,
found as the gaiuen of the Lord, it eonvcr
. v ... .
tod into ajiowlinsr wilderness. II, now
nub iiuib iiuiii.ui iiMi'ijiiii-a naa u,vi llliu
.. , :i 'r,i, .
..iii ... i, .,:. . i .. 1....1
IIIWIV UUIl 1 HI""-1, IVV UM'II I'lM'VIV.
, ,i : a . t ,
W lint is tho influence of nonerv as tn
ni .rAcivij ui wHiu aiur lit? 1 y
, , t . . , , J
i-iiiuiiy x iiiiruti ukjm nuus-uiviu, nor et
., , ,.rr i ,i : t, it ,- .', .
. "ut, ""l""sr t "-vur
artllll"pw 8 day-your Irish massacre
i "Your veilllV Hllal.llt.uina H"uiiioir iicieuuo
i ' ..'. . . ,
t vm. itntitiiTninrttn npri h inn nil hnvnnfl
,, ' , f , 'ah
11 e? . . . . ..
mcr.cJ'T0U rcfuse the.r lodie. Christian
b,lm1' ,f mo!PS n!;1..fa" ,bc.calI.ed
' you convert, into inu uhil-iuov ciriiuiua
, of the man that becomes a Bible Christian,
those of his own household you make
tho poor Irish servant to feel thnt his mas
ter, and her mistress aro the enemies of
God, however pious, whose reading of the
Bible, and whoso prayers to heaven can
not be heard without committing great
sin you enact a ceremonial law, and pro
claim that nil who snbinit not to it nre
' speckled with the plague spots
d with the plague spots. And,
. i - i . j
hence, vour priests, wherever locatedin
i faro, niove about as spectres," as it air
,.,' ,. , . . , ' , ' . . . ..
1 of the light of dav; here abstractin
' e, . a. ' t.M .
child from a Sunday school; there burn
ing a Bible; here poisoning the mind of
a servant against his master, and there
that of a maid against her mistress ; nnd
seeking to place all save his own unlettrcd
followers, like the lepers of Samaria, wilh-
I mil iVm r.Uv n( find. Does this look like
l"T . , ' n t
i V Kit is t!i inftiinnce of nonervon true
- ?. . e ni..:,9
,. . .,, ,i t Tri"' , ,i
re"f t. ,.ii, .'71 'L
-1 ve o d y. how t
r . , ., j,. , ' , . t-u .
sacrainents, HIIU tutj uvvui iaui mxs -xj.ujc.
; . ! J . f r
1 litis IS Out lilt) u vi nic luatiui , w,
, " ' T , f v ,. , fr,,o
to a svsiein oi iuuisut hi wuiuu uuu onu
. . r : ,..i.:..u n.
witches the Bible, and traditions, can
nons, decretals the worship of God and
of saints the meditation of Christ and of
Mary prayer and scourging-pious deeds,
penances and processions, are all of like
, auinomy, anu nau cun:c v .
The mind of the poor papist it tills, not
with light and love, but with darkuces and
fear. It closes to him the way to heaven
through the blood of. Christ, and opens it
through the fires of purgatory. . Leaving
him in doubt as to where he will succeed
It impresses the poor papist with the
idea that religion consists, aot in love to
God and man, but in external submission
j to rites and forms Hence, the Spaniard
j will go to confession with, his dagger un
der his mantle and the poor generous
Irishman, will go from the Mass and Mis
sal to tho pot-house. And vour innnUi.
tors have gone out from yoor eucharist to '
kinaie me nres winch consumed your her
etics and our martyrs, and which illumin
ed their pathway to gloryl
But I must stop, lest my emotions swell
beyond due bonds.
These Rev. sir, are some, and but some
of the fruits of your system. How do they
appear to you when thu bro't together? Is
the tree which bears these frnils good, or
bad? Has popery, in any one particular,
in any onecountry, or- in any ago, ever
produced the results which prophets and
apostles have told ns the religion of Mes
siah would produce? If not, are not po
pery and Christianity, notouly dfferent,
but antagonist systems?
With great respect, yours,
Don't DepeBd on 'Father.'
Stand up here, young man, and let us
talk to you you have trusted alone to the
contents of "father's purse" on his fair
fame for" your influence, or success in bu
siness. Think you that "father has at
tained to eminence in his proR'ssion, but
by unwearied industry? or that he has a
massed a fortune honestly, without energy
and activity? You should know that the
faculty requisite for the acquiring of fame
or fortune, is essential to, nay inseparable
irom me retaining ot either of there!
Suppose "father" has the "rocks" in a
buiidance; if you never earned anything for
him, you . have no more business with
these "rocks" than a gosling has with a
tortoise! and if be allows you to meddle
wilh them till you own industry, he per
petrates untold mischief. And if the old
gentleman is lavish of his cash towards you, j
while heaiiows you to while away your
lime, you'd better leave him; yes, run a
way, sooner than be an imbecile or
something worse through so corrupting
an influence. Sooner, or later you must
lenrn to rely on your own resources, or
you will not be anybody. If you have be
come idle, if you have eaten father's bread
and butter, nnd smoked father's cigars, cut
a swell in father's buggy, and tried to put
on father's influence and reputation, vou
might far better have been a poor canal
boy, the son of a chimney sweep, or a boot
black and indeed we would not
wilh you the situation of a poor, halt'-!
slarved motherless calf! Miserable ob-
jecis you are, that depend entirely on yourj
pnrents, playing gentlemen, (dandy loaf
ers.) What in the name of common sense
are you thinking of? Wake up therel
Go to work with cither your bauds or
yourbrains, or both, and be something!
Don't merely have it to boast of that you
have grown in "father's house that you
have vegetated as other green horns! but
let folks know that you count one! Come,
off with your coat, clinch the saw, the plow
handles, the scythe, the axe, the pickaxe,
the spade anything that will enable you
to stir your blood! Fly around and tear
your jacket, rather than be the passive re-
oinU'tit nf tlinnlilrrAnt.h.mfin'Hhminrvt Sjvin.
.. . ...w.0 -.... .j.
er than play the dandy at dad's expense,
hire yourself out to some potatoe patch, let;
yourself to stop hog boles, or watch the
bars, and when you think yourself entitled
to a resting spell, do it on your own hook.
If you have no other means of having fun
of your own, buy wnb your earnings an
empty barrel, and put your head into it
ami holler, or get into it nnd roll down hill; '
don't for pity's sake make the old gentle-1
man furnish everything, and you live at
Look about you, you well-dressed, j
smoothfaced, do-nothing drones: Who
nre they that have worth and influence in
society? Are they those that have depend- j
od alone on the old gentleman's purse? or;
are they those that have climed their way i
to their position by their own industry and
energy? True, the old gentleman's funds,
or personal influence, may secure you the j
forms of respect, but let him lose his prop-;
crty, or die, nnd what are you? A miser- j
able fledgling a bunch of flesh and bones i
that needs to be taken care of! j
Again we say, wake up get up in the
morning turn round at least twice before j
breakfast help the old man give him
now nnd then a generous lift in business j
learn how to take the lead, and not dpendi
forever on being led, and you have no idea
how the discipline will benefit you.. Do
this, and our word for it, you will seem to j
breathe a hew atmosphere, possess a newj
frame, tread a new earth, wake to a new
destiny and then you may begin to aspire
to manhood. Take off, then, that ring
from your lily finger, brake your cane,
shave your upper lip, wine your nose, hold
up your head, and, by all means, never
again eat the bread of idleness, kor djc-
PKN'n ON FATHER.
3rTho death of an old man's wife,
says Lamnrrine, is like cutting down an
ancient oak that has long shaded the fam
ily mansion. Henceforth the glare of the
world, with its care and vicissitudes, fall
upon tho old widower's heart, and there is
nothing to break their force, or shield him
from tba full weight of misfortune. It is
as if his right hand was withered, as if one
wing of an old eagle was broken, and er
rey movement that he made brought him
to the ground. His eyes' are dim and
glassy, and when the film of death falls
over him, be misses those accustomed
tones which might have smoothed his pas
sage to the gjave. '
Dextracrfoa of tfce piili Iaqaiaitioa.
The following account of the destruction
of the Inquisition in Spain, by the French,
it from an authentic source. A graphic de
scription of the Inquisitorial Rooms is also
given. They bear a resemblance, although
far exceeding in horror, those described
by Mr. Perry, in his visit to the Inquisi
torial Rooms in Mexico.
When we arrived at the wall and sum
moned them to surrender & open the gates,
says Col. L. in his report they presented
a musket and shot one of the men. This
was the signal of attack. It was soon ob
vious that it was an unequal warfare. The
walls were covered wilh soldiers of the holy
office. After a hard struggle, a breach was
made. On rushing in we met the Inquisi
tor General followed by the father confes
sors in their priestly robes. All came out
of their rooms with long faces, and their
arms crossed over their breasts as if they
had been deaf to all the noise of the attack
and defence, and rebuked their own sol
'Why do you fight our friends, the
French" Their intention was to make us
believe this defence was wholly unauthoriz
ed by them, and that they were friendly.
Their artifice was too shallow and did not
succeed. I ordered them to be secured as
prisoners. We then proceeded to examine
all the rooms we passed through room
after room, found all perfectly in order.
richly furnished, and wax candles, altars
and crucifixes in abundance, but could dis
cover no evidence of iniquity being prac-
iicea mere. ue martile Boor was arrang
ed with a strict regard to order; but where
were those horrid instruments of torture of
which we had been told, and where those
dungeons in which human beings were said
to be buried alive. We searched in vain;
and the holy father assured ns that they
i. .. j i i i i . i .
ima u-;en oeuea mat we had seen all; and
Iwas prepared to give up the search, but
Col. de Lile was not so ready, and said
'Let this marble floor be examined; let
water be poured upon it, and see if there is
anyplace where it passes through more
freely than others.'
I replied, 'do as you please.'
Water was poured on the floor and every
seam carefully examined, to see if the wa
ter passed through. Presently, Col. deLile
exclaimed he had found it by the side of
one of these marble slabs; the water passed
through fast, and all hands were now at
work for further discoveries officers with
their swords, soldiers with their bayonets,
seeking to clear out the seam and pry np
the rlab, and others wilh the butts of their
muskets striking the slab wilh all their
roigiit, trying to break it.
One of the soldiers strnck on the slab
with Ilia butt of his gun, and hit a. spring,
and the marble slab flew up. Then the fa
ces of the Inquisitors grew pale asBelshaz
zar's when the hand-writing appeared on
tho wall. Beneath the slab there was a
staircase. I stepped to the altar and took
from one of the candl s icks a candle four
feet in length, that I might explore the
room below doing tins, 1 was arrested by
one of the Inquisitors, who laid his hand
upon ray arm, and With a very demure and
holy look, said:
'My son, you must not take those lights
with your bloody hands they are holy.
Well." I said, 'I will take a holy thing
to shed light on iniquity,' and proceeded
down the staircase.
As we reached the bottom of the stairs
we entered a large room which was called
the hall of judgment. In the ceuter was a
large block, wilh a chain fastened to it, and
6 mall cells extending the entire length of
the edifice; and here such sights were pre
sented as we hope never again to see.
These cells were places where the wretch
ed objects of Inquisitorial hate were con
fined, till death released them from their suf
tarings. Iu these cells we found the re
mains of some who had paid the debt of
nature; some had been dead but a short
time, while of others, nothing remained but
their bones, slill chained to the floor of the
dungeon. In other cells were found living
sufferers of both sexes, from three score
years and ten down to fourteen, all naked
as when born in the world .and all in chains.
Here were the old man and woman that
had been shut up for years; here, too, were
the middle-aged; theyoung men and maid
ens of fourteen years. . The soldiers went
to work releasing them.and took their over
coals and other clothing, and gave them to
cover their nakedness. We then proceed
ed to explore another room on the left.
Here we found instruments of torture of
every kind which the ingenuity of man or
devil could invent.
Col. D. here described four of the hor
The first was a machine by which the
victim was confined; then beginning with
the fingers, every joint in the hands, arms
and body was drawn out, the second was
a box in which the head of the victim was
confined by a screw; over the box was a
vessel from which one drop of water fell
every second on the head, in the same place,
which put the sufferer in the most excru
tiating agony, till death; the third was as
infernal machine, laid horizontally, to
which the viotim was bound; the machine
was then placed between two beams, in
whioh were scores of knives so fixed that
by turning the machine by a crank, the
flesh was torn from his limps all in small
pieces. The fourth surpassed the others
in fiendish ingenuity. Its exterior was a
beautiful woman or doll; richly dressed,
with arms extended,, and. around her feet a
ESTABLISHED IN 1826
semi -circle was drawn; the- victim who
passed over this fatal mark, touched 4
spring, which caused the diabolical engine
to open iu arms, elasp bitn, and a thousand
knives cut him -injo ts many pieces in the
deadly embrace. I his was called the vir
gin. Tbe sight of these engines Of Urrture'
kindled the rage of the soldiers to fury: they
deelared that every Ioqnisitorand soldier of
the Inquisition should be pat to the torture.
The generals did not oppose them. Wbert
the Inquisitor General was brought before'
the virgin he begged to be excused.
'No,' said they, 'jou have made others'
kiss her and now you must doit,' and posh
ed him over, the fatal circle. The bcautiJ
ful image instantly clasped bira in its arm
and he was cut into innumerable piece.
After witnessing the tortures of fonr.the'
Colonel left the soldiers to wreak their
vengeance on the guilty inmates of that
prison-bouse of hell. In the meantime it
was reported through Madrid that tha In-
quisition was opened, and multitudes hast-1
ened to the fatal spot. What a meeting
was there! It was like a resurrection.
About one hundred who had been buried
for years, were now restored to life. Fa
thers fonnd their long lost daughters, wives
were restored to their husbands, sisters to
their brothers ,and parents to their children.
Tbe scene was such as no tongue could
describe. . .
Having sent to the city for a wagon load
of powder.he deposited a large quantity in
the vaults and placed a slow match in conj
nection with it.and withdrew to a distance.
In a few moments there was a joyful sight,
Tbe walls and turrets of tbe massive struc
tare rose majestically towards the heavens,
impelled by tbe tremendous explosion, and
fell back to the earth a heap of ruins.
Ohio cah't be beat. At the grand Ba
by Show of Barnum at his Museum, Ohio
leads off in point of productiveness. Mr,
J. B. Sprague and his wife, exhibited two
girls and three boys, triplets and twins.
All of them were born in Knox county,
Ohio. - Tbe triplets, two girls and a boy,
were five years old, and the twins, boys,
ware three years old. Tbe happy father
thought this was patting in the time pret
ty well. We rote aye on that question.
There are seven sets of triplets, 11 sets of
twins, and 100 single editions of human!-1
ity. At least 10,000 persons attended
the show during the first day. The total
income was over 92,500. It will be kept
up about a week, and will turn oat quite
speculation. The Tribune reporter thus
describes the baby that look tbe 9 100 prize
"The baby who took the premium of
8 1 00 as the handsomest in the collection
somehow escaped the notice of reporters,
Its name is Charles Orlando Scott; it was
born February 18. 1851; the father is 30
years old and the mother 28; the mother"
has had two children before; she "lived
freely" for the year previous to its birth i
she indulged daring thatime in general
domestic exercise; its birth was regular,
and it has been bathed in cold water win
ter and summer. Mr. Barnum speaks iu
very high term of the beauty of the mother.
The mother and child will be enthroned
to-day and through the week foi die pub'
lie ratification of the award. After that
it can be found at No, 969 Fourth avenue
Its father is a coachman. It is therefore1
definitely ascertained that a band soma
baby 'must have a handsome mother, and
she must have had two children before,,
that she must live freely, take general do
mestic exercise on lerel land, and that hef
husband must be a coachman.''
Akother Swikduso Claim Aoxjrf
CoKvtcTED. Commissioner Waldo evin
ces no disposition to repose upon the lau-
rels he has so fairly won, and modestly
worn, as a prompt, vigilant and faithful of-
ficer. Some two months since he trans
mittcd such information to the United
Slates district attorney for East Tenneav
see as led to the arrest of John Parham, od
a charge of forging bounty-land claims
One of the Commissioner's eferle was1
promptly dispatched to Tennessee to aid
tbe district attorney with the necessary
testimony. At tha last term of tie dip
trict court, held at Knoxvftle, the ease
was brought to trial, and resulted to
the conviction of Parham, who will doubt'
less be sentenced to imprisonment for a
term of not less than seven year. Tbia
makes tha nineteenth conviction sine
Judcre Waldo has been nlaced at the head
of the Pension O&ce, . . - :
HES ! AIOtEItlCA.KEX ! THE ACE
The greatest man. 'take him all and an
of the last hundred years was George Was!"
ington an American.
Ihe greatest Doctor of Divinity wa
Jonathan Edwards- an Americam.
Tbe greatest Philosopher was Benlav
min Franklin an American.
The greatest of living Sculptor it Hi
ram Powers an Amerieaav
The Greatest living Historian is W iHiam
H. Prescott an American.
The greatest ornithologist was . J. Au
dubon an American.
The greatest Lexicographer since the
time tf Johnson was Noah WeDtter aa
The greatest inventors of modern times,
were Fulton, Fitch, Whitney, Morse Had
Colt all American. .
) ifZ fr