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... ..rA 1J.
NEW SERIES YOL. 3
fflt Lancaster (Samite,
PUBUSHEU KVKRY THUHSDAY MOKSIXG.
KB. W. MAC Etftar, liltofo ANDPRDPRIETOR,
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Uio Public Square.
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Thursday Horning, Nov. 8, 1835
- . , .. To MaUUo If oble.
Oh! come to tho South, swool, beautiful one;
Til the clime of the heart, Ml. the shrine of tho sun;
Where the .ky ever shines with a passionate glow,
And the Bowers spread ttiulr troasurers of crimson aud
.. -.!Wi'. "
Where tho broeie, o'or bright watars, waft Incause
And gay birds are glancing In boauty and song;
Where summer smiles ever o'er mojntuin and plain,
. Slid thibjst gifts of Eden, uushadowed, ruuialii!
i Ohl coma to the South,
. . Tho shrine of the sun,
And dwell In Its bowers, , .
Sweet, beautiful ouo!
ftli .come to tho South, aud I'll give thoa a home,
AVhore winter shall never Intrusively coinj:
Thequeou-likamagiioiia, the myrtle and pine,
yhe gold-friiiiod orange, and ruby gamed vine,
Shall bloom round thy dwelling aud shade thee at noou
Vhllo birds of all music keeps amorous tune;
lly the gush of glad fouutalns we'll rest usntove.
No troubles to vex us, and lo sorrows to grieve !
Oh 1 come to the South,
The shrine of the sun,
And dwell lu Its bowers,
Sweet, beuutlful on.-!
Oh ! come to the South, 'tis the home of the Ueurt,
fio sky like its own can deep pa.ut('n iutpart;
l'lio glow of lis summer Is felt iii the soul,
Aud love ioeputll ever uls fervent control !
li!, llieii would1 th'y beauty most brilliantly beam,
.'md thy life pass uway like so:ui delicate dream;
Jsacli wish of thy heart should realised be,
And this beautiful laud seem an BJen to thee !
Ohl co.no to Hie South.
The shrine of the sun,
Aud dwell lulls bowers,
Sweet, beautiful ono! "VIOLA.
Cleveland, Oct. 21st, K'i. J'.'ljvjlend ll.-ruld.
Newfoundland Dog's Veussaucc.
sr o-a cr.Ar.
i T wis always- found of do'S. Gold-
tsntith in bis touohinnand eloquent blea for
uie Qog, wuere, in aituaiug so nun oi
maula for dog killing which prevailed at
tho timi of which he spoulis, in conse
quence of an unreasonable apprehension of
)yifpho,bia, he says among other fine
things, that tho dog it the only animal
which will leave his own kind voluntarily
to follow man.
It is trus, anJ the trmh , should hind
man to be the dog's protector anl friend.
The American brig Cecilia, Capt. Sym
mes. on one of her voyages, had ou board a
splendid speoimen ot the Newfoundland
breed named Napoleon, and his mag'hili
cent size and proportions, his intelligent
head, broad, white Chest, white foot and
white tipped tail, the rest of his glossy
body being black, made hiui as' beau'tiful
its his peerless namesake, who no' doubt
would have been proud to possess
Capt. Symme8, however, was no't par
tial to animals of any 'kind and had art tin
acountablo and special repugnance to dog,
its much so indeed as if all his ancestors
had died of hydrophobia, and he dreaded
io be bitten liko his unfortunate predeces
sors. This dislike he ono day manifested in n
Shocking manner, for as Napoleon had
several times enterod tho room, and, by
wagging his great banner of a tail, knock
ed paper and ink off. his dusk, dn tho
next occasion the Capt. soiz )d a knife and
cut half the poor animals tail off.
The dog's yell brought the master to the
spot, and seoing the calamity and the auth
or of it, without a rifo'm'enVs hesitation' he
felled Captain Symmes to the cabin floor
with a sledge hammer blow, which, had
it hit the temple, would have forever pre
vented the captain from cutting off any
more dog's tails.
The result was that Lancaster was put
in irons, from which however, he was
soon released, Captain' Symmes partly re
lenting bis cruel deed, on learning that
Napoleon had onoe saved his owner's life.
The white spark, as all my nautical
friends Were well aware, b one of the very
Jargest of sharks. It averages over tvren
y, and I have seen one twenty-seven and
sV half feet long. It is gWerally consider
ed1 to' be the fiercest and most formidable
6f all sharks.
But a few days elapsed after the catas
trophe of poor Napoleon ere li J)ecame
t'he hero of a most thrilling occurrence,
the very thought of which has often filled
me with horror. During1 tire int!f val the
noble beast was not at all backward in ex
hibiting his wrath at the captain by low
growls whenever he approached.
. In rain did hs master, fearful for the
J ii. ! ..ii.. i: ..r
life of his dog, essay to check these signs
of his anger. Captain Symmes however
made the allowance, ana onerea no lur
ther harm to him.
One morninsr as the captain was stand
ing on the bowsprit, lid' lost his footing
and fell overooarrjy tne uoilia men run
riing at about tea knots. . .
"Man overboard 1 Capt. Symmes over
board 1" was tho cry, and all rushed to
get out tho boat as they s;tw a swimmer
striking out or the brig, which was at
onco rounded to, and as they fult especially
apprehensive on account of lito vVhite shark
in those waters, they regarded his situa
tion with painful solicitude.
By the time the boat touched the water
their worst fears were realised, for at soma
distance behind tho swimmer, they beheld
advancing upon him the fish most dreaded
in those waters.
"Hurry I hurry, men ! or we shall to
too late," exclaimed the mate. "What's
The splash which causes this enquiry
was occasioned by the plunge of Napoleou
into the sea, the noble animal havinsr
beun'.watching the cause of the tumult from
the bow of the vessel. He had noticed
the captain's fall and heard the shout, and
for a few moments had veil tod his feelings
in deep growls ns if conscious of the peril
of his late enemy, nnd gratified at it.
His growls, however, were soon chang
ed into whines of sympathy which sol ofton
sliows the attachment of tho dog to wan,
when tho latter is in dinger. At last he
plunged, nnd rapidly mndo his Way to
wards the now nearly exhausted captain,
who, aware of his double danger, and be
ing a passible swimmer, made fainter and
fainter strokes, while adversary closed rap
idly upon him.
"Pull boys, for dear life !" was the
shout of the mate, ns the boat now follow
ed the dog, whose huge limbs propelled
him gallantly to the scene of danger.
Slowly the fatiguad swimmer made his
way, while ever and anon his head stink
in the waves, and bihind him the back of
the voracious animal told what fearful pro
gress ho was making, while Lancaitur in
the bow of tho boat stood with a knife in
his upraised hand watching alternately the
captain and his pursuer, and tho faithful
auimal who had saved his owii life:
There was a ri.ied look of pale determi
nation in his face, which convinced all,
that should the dog become a sacrifice to
tho shark, Lancaster would revenge his
death if possible, even at tho risk of hU
"(iool GjI! What H swimmer," ex
claimed the in it ii, who marked the speed of
the splendid animal. Tht! sliatk will have
one or bjlh, if wo duu't do our best!''
The soeno Was of short duration. Ere
the bjat could overtake the dog, tho en jr
m'u'iis shark had arrived within three oalV
length of tho captain and sulJeuly fumed
over on his h tck, preparatory to darling
on the sinking man, a:i 1 receiving him in
his vast ivrs, which now displayed their
rows of long triangular teeth.
The wild shriek of the captain nnnounc-
e 1 that the crisis had come. But now Na
poleon seemed inspired witli increased
strength had also arrived, nnd with a fjorco
growl leaped upon the gloaming belly ot
the shark, ami buried Ins teeth in the mon
ster s nosh, while the boat swiftly ueared
"Saved !" if we arc half a-t srffa'rt rfs that
do? is 1" cried the mate, as all saw the vj-
r'acidits monster shudder in the sea, and
smarting with the pain, turn over again,
the dog retaining his hold nnd becoming
submerged in the Vu'teK
At this juncture the boat arrived, and
Lancaster, his knife in his teeth, plunged
into the water where the captain also had
nW sunt from view. ;
But a moment elapsed ore' tho dog a
rose to the surface, and soon after Lancas
ter with the insensible form' of the captain.
"Pull them in and give them an oar !"
cried tho mate, "for that fellow is prepar
ing for another lurch."
His orders Wore obeyed, rind the second
onset o'f the manno monster was foiled by
the mate's splashing water in his eyes, as
he came again, and but a few second's too
late to snap o!f Uio captain's legs, as his
body Was drawn into the boat.
Foiled the second lime, the shark pass
ed! the boat, plunged, and was seen no
more, but left a track of blood on the sur
faco of the water, a token of tho severity
of the wound from Napoleon.
The boat was now pulled towards the
brig, and not many hours elapsed before
the captain' Was on .deck again', feeble from
bis efforts, but able to appreciate the ser
vices of our canine hero, and most bitter
ly to lament his own cruel act which had
mutilated him forever.
"t would give my,iight arm!" he ex
claimed, as ho patted the Newfoundland,
as he stood by his side, "if I could only
repair the injury I have done to that splen
did fellow. Lancaster you are now aven
ged, and so' fs he, arfd a m'pst, christian
vengeance it is, though it will be a source
of grief to me as long as I live."
A Midshipman asked a Priest to toll
the difference between' a' Priest and a jack
ass.' The Priest gave it up.
'One wears a cross on his back and the
other on his breast said the Afidshfp
man.' 'NoW,' said tho Priest, tll mo the dif
ference between a Midshipman arid a jack
The Midshipman gave it up, and asked
vVhat it was.
The Priest said ho did not know of
A plain and unschooled man, v.'ho had
reseived his education principally beneath
tlid open sky, in the field and forest, and
who bad wielded the axe more than the
pen, while speaking of children, remarked
With true and beautiful simplicity, "The
little chips are nearest theheart."
CiDS2TCS IJBr0 JCiry ytaCgAiaaf S3 CDir GaU3,.I2I23-'f-GE0naE WASHINGTON.
LANCASTER OHIO, THU11SDAY MORNING, NOV 8, 1855.
. New Plan fob a Pacific Railroad.
The "American Railroad Journal" pub
lishes a communication from A. P. Robin
son, a railroad engineer, to Hon. J. M.
Wood, member of Congress from Maine,
proposingan ontirely original plan for the
construction of the great Atlantic and Pa
cific railway. By this plan ho hopes to ac
complish the following results, viz:
"The easy attainment of a speed of one
hundred miles per hour; increased safety,
even almost to the extent of absolute im
munity from Accidents arising from un
seen imperfections in tho track or tho break
ing of axels; and increased accommodations
and conveniences, even to the extent of;
sli.pllinrv nutilirr Ollil uittintv wmo ..rill. I
1""0 9,wi. ivuiua, n itu
all the comforts had upon our steamers."
The plan is briefly this. He proposes
to lay four parallel rails of the ordinary
pattern and weight, forming two distinct
tracks, each of a gaugo of 2 J to 3 feet, and
having an intermediate space of five to six
foot. He would lay those tracks upqn dis
tinct and separate sleepers, having a ditch
or trench between then!, but so connected
as to preserve a uniform gauge. The car
body would rest upon four tracks, and be
sustained by a slhgle bearing at the centre
of each. With this arrangement the cars
would be constructed of a width of twenty
feet, and carry at least double load, which
would bo divided between tho four rails.
Tho locomotives would be constructed
double, with two distinct sots of drivinrr
wheels and two syhnders ori ach side.
leaving room between for a boiler of five
feet in diameter. The axels of tho driving
wheels not extending ncross tho space oc
cupied by the boiler, it matters not how
largo tho drivers are. TLese are the prom
inent features of the proposed plan, models
of which aro now on exhibition in New
x ork. It will bo seen that any failure of
. !i , , , "! '. i
single ran or an nxie couia not prevent
tho running of tho train or throw it off the
ttack,, as it would run on three tracks.
Tho plan is n novel one, and worthy of con
sideration. A Low Voice ii Woman.
Yes, we, rig-eo with tho oil poet who
said that a low, soft voice was an excellent
tiling in woman. Indeed, we feel inclined
to go much farther than he has on the sub
ject, and call it her crowning charm. No
matter whaiother attractions' Tshe mav have: I
ahu mav b.i as fur .w llw. T,..i,.n H..Ln . I
as learned as the famous Ilvnatia of an
cient limes; she may have all the accom
plishments considered requisite at the pres
ent day, andyct if she lack a low, sweet
voico, mio can never be really facuiating
liow often tho spell of beauty is rud
broken by course, loud talking. How
ten you are irrcsistably drawn to n plain
unassuming woman, whoso soft, silvery
tones, render her positively attractive. I
Beside,- v)o fancy we can judge of tlo
character by tho voice, the bland, smooth,1
fawning tones seenis to us to betoken dc-
ce'it tin'd hypocrisy, as invariably ns tho mu-
sical, subdued voice indicates genuine re-
finement. In the social circle how pleas-1
ant it is to hear tho sex talk in that low,
key, which always characterizes the true
lady. In the sanctuary of home,, how
such a voice smooths the fretful child, and
cheers tho weary husband. How sweetly
its cadence floats around the sick chamber,
and around the dying bed; with what sol
emn melody docs it breathe a prayer fer
the departing soul. Ah, yes, a low, soft
voice is an 'excellent thinr in woman.
Omaha dir. Tho capital of the ftou'r,:
flourfshinfr. in intelligent friend under
date of tho 17th inst., writes us as follows
th inst.. wrstaa ns as follows: '
'Our city is filling up very fast. Quite
a number of buildings have gone up this
summer, in spite of the difficulty of pro
curing building material. We have now
plenty of bricK an'd several houses of. that
material are now in course of erection.'
Tho census has just been completed. Our'
county. (Douglas) has 450 voters. Oma- j
h. r.ul lL esj vW Tha r.viMvar.l
stories Which have trone abroad, relative
to the Indian difficulties West of us have
retarded emigration considerably. But,as
it is, we boast somewhat of the progress of
our new city."
One year ago the first house was built
iu Omaha. Now it has a population of
several hundred. It is the capital of a
flourishing and extensive Territory. Con
lion, and a large and elegant "hall for the
gress has made the necessary appropria
Legislature, Oovemor end Territorial olli-
cos is' now. bein's; erected oh a most charm
ing and attractive point which overlooks
the great Missouri Valley and miles of that
river. We havo no better sign of the pro
gress of our people, and the West, than is
afforded by the growth and present posi
tion of this capital of Nebraska.
The Sub-Marino Telegraph. ,
Since the disastrous termination of tho
recent attempt to lay the sub-mariue tele
graph wire between Cape Breton and the
coast of Newfoundland, (made in the latter
part of August) the impression' has been
that the project was abandoned. So far
from this, tho gentlemen engaged in the
eulerpi'ise, the New York Journal of com
merce says, are sanguine of success, and
only1 await the return of another warm
season to repeat their endeavors, .as the
months of Juno and July are the only ones
when the wires can be lain with safety.
Tho land portion of the line extending from
Cape Ray to St. Johns, a' dlslah'co of 400
miles, is very near completion, so that the
next steamer from that direction is expect
ed to bring intelligence that it is done.
Honoring Parent. , ,
As a stranger weritinto the churchyard
of a prptly village, he beheld threo children
at a newly-made grave. A boy about ten
years of age, was busily, engaged in plac
ing plants of turf about if, while a girl, who
appeared a year or two younger, held in
her apron a few roots of wild flowers. The
third child, still younger, was sitting on
the gress, watching with thoughtful look
the movements of the other two. They
wore pieces of crape on their hats, and a
few othr signs of mourning, such as are
sometimes worn by the poor who struggle
between their poverty and their afflctions.
The girl soon began planting some of
her wild flowers aroujid the head of the
grave, when the stranger addressed them:
. 'Whose grave is this, childrcd, about
which you are so busily engaged?'
'Mother's grave, sir,' said the boy.
And did your father send you to place
these flowers around your mother's grave?'
'No cir, father lies here too, and, little
Willie, and sister Jane.'
'When did they die?'
'Mother was buried a fortnight yester
day, sir, but father died last winter; they
all lie her.
'Then whotoU yodtodo this?'
'Nobody, sir,' replied the girl.
'Then why do you do it?'
They appeared at a loss for an answer,
but the stranger looked so kindly at them,
that at length the eldest replied, as the
tears started in Ins eyes:
'Oh, we love them, sir.' ,
'Then you put these grass turfs and wild
flowers Where your parents aro laid be
cause you love them.'
'.Yes sir,' they eagerly replied.
What can bo more beautiful than such
an exhibition of children, honoring their
deceased .parents? Never forget the dear
parent who loved and cherished you in
your infant days! Ever remember your
parental kindness! Honor their memory,
by doing those things which would please
them were they yet alive, by a particular
regard to their bidding commands, and car
rying on their plans of usefulness. Are
your parents spared to you? Ever treat
them as you will wish you had done, when
you stand a lonely orphan at tlx-ir graves!
How will a remembrance of kind, affec-
i tionate conduct toward those uupartea
V 8 .C0"T" .Z7
enu8 C,P ' .""' jj' '
. your wounded heart! Dtluwwe Guiclle;
A Chapter About Clocks.
llaroun cl Kasuhild, in 8J0, sent d clock
to Charlemagne, which was so arranged
that horsemen came forth from it, and dis-
played themselves at the hour of twelve.
So the gourmand Triin' ilchio kept a clep-
ydria in his dining room, with a trumpet-
ur stationed to announcu the hour,
Since the fourteenth century, clocks
have been placed upon steeples and other
conspicuous public buildings, in order that
people of cities and large towns might havu
uniformity, as well as facility in obtaining
clock time. Ilenco a simulianeousness of
movement in all large cities, at appointed
Fanny Kemblo gave to tho town of New
England, where she has hcrcc'tlage perch,
a clock with such an enormous dial that
the time may bo see a niile or more.
An old gentleman, though miserly, gave
to his native town a clock for the old
chu'jch with three dials, and his name em
blazoned for time, perhaps, on one of them.
Ileallecred as his reason, that he liked to
have his money
where he could hear it
General Washington would not wait for
gest' ,f- Aecel?d b? a. bd wlmtch'. ti
' l oorao 10 aine al 1110 uour "PPI"-
..A nobleman celebrated for punctuality,
who was to meet the king nt twelva, Was
startled by tho striking of tho clock ns he
was nassinz tho ante chamber. Enraged,
he smashed the dial with his cane. 'Why
a" you sir Ke tne coca; miu u.
'Sir.' "id H ie clock strucl. first,
. Te English Board of Longitude reward-
ed Ilarnson Vvith 5100,000 Tor a marine
watch which determined longitude at sea.
He also invented a pendulum consisting of
nine rods, five of which were iron n'nd four
brass. Ordinary pendulums went faster iu
winter than in summer, because cold. con
tracted nnd heat elongated tliora'. These
improved pendulums, being made of dif
ferent metals,, compensated or equaled
. I those effects, and now, it is said, there are
chronometers which do nqt vary one oko
l" 1"-"-"'" " J -
us as near to true timo as Wc can ap
As for watches, they do so notoriously
disagree that they can only be regarded as
aids to guessing timo rather, than as lime
keepers. In China they are worn in pairs,
and so one served to correct the other.'
jlSrSome ono who,has 'been there,' and
evidently don't like Saratoga, writes:,.
"If there is a plaoe on terra ftrma where
true pleasure cannot be found where fol
ly reigns supreme and. fools abound
where hypocrisy is fashionablo and misery
crjTiim'on where women are unexceplion
ably silly and ridiculous, and where they
are made the miserable and suffering vic
tims of fushionable tomfoolery where re
spectability is outraged, decency disre
carded and genuine virtue, unknown-i--that
place, is , Saratoga Springs, tho fash
ionable resort where biped of the assinine
speoie most do congregate during the siuu-
3TLabor is ono of tho crcttest ele
ments of sooiety the great substantial in
terest on which all meu depend.
A Rbi.ic of the Past Ooni;. SundAy I
afternoon, about 2 o'clock, some .reckless !
person put a lighted cigar to a part of a ,
keg of powder, which wis stored, ia a i
room of one of the barracks of old Fort
Armstrong. The burning powder imme
diately fired tho dry timber cf which the
barracks wero built! Every effort tc stop
it was in vain. It burnt till midnight, ami
did not cease until seven barracks an J a
block fort, comprising almost the whob of
the fine oi l ruin, were in a smouldering
heap of ashes. Tho officers' quarters, the
magazine building, and two block forts, on
ly remain. The picturesque beauty of the
lower en l of the Island is goae forever.
The view of the fire through the cvo
uing, from the deck of the ferry boat, was
very beautiful. Whan tho roof fell in,
tho flames lit up both shores with a lurid
glow, ani illuminated the river. The
speo'.aclo was gazed upon with melancholy
pleasure by hundreds. Thm appropriate
ly, in fire and flame, has pissed away a re
lic of War and bloodshed, and pioneer ad
venture. Rock Mandcr.
Xi9A great inner Sea is said to have
been discovered in equatorial Africa by Dr.
Eebmann, ono cf the travelers with whose
persevering labors in that remote reprion.
the newspaper public have become inti
mately acquainted, lie lias sent to hu
rope a email map, on which the sea occu
pies the vast space batWeen the equator and
ten degrees of. south latitude, east from
Greenwich, having nt its southeastern ex
tremity Lake Nyassa attached to it like a
tail piece. Mr. Augustus Petertaan, in a
letter to the London Alhenceum, tevpect
ing this discovery, says :
"This immense boJy of water, with an
area about twice as large as the Black Sea,
(with tire Sea of Azoff.) is inscribed With
tho name Ukerewe or Inner Sea of Uuia
me.i, its narrow elongated southeastern
end boat ing that of Nyassa; and ihs discov
ery is said, in the accompanying Litters, to
have been arrived at by the concurring
testimony of various natives dwelling on
or close to the late, both on its eastern as
well as cm its western shores with whom
the missionaries came in contact. Some
of tho natives that camo down to trade on
the coast of S.iuga, in particulrr, gave a
clear uecouut of i.L, while at other points of
thu coast, from Tauga suu'.hward fur six
degrees of latitude, corroborauve informa
tion was obtained."
Three Jolly Husbunili. , ,
Tho three jolly husbands",' .cut fu the
country, by the name of Tim Watson, Joe
Brown, and Bill Walker, sat late one eve
ning at the village tavern, until being pret
ty well corued, they agreed that each, on
returning homo should do the first thing
that his wife told him, in default of which
he should pay the bill next morning, and
give an honest uecouut of their proceed
ings at home, so far as they related to the
The next morning Walker and Brown
were early at their posts, but it was some
time before Watson made bisappearace.
Walker began first: (
You see when I entered, my bouse, the
candle was out, and the fire giving but a
glimering light, and I came near walking
into a botot batter thai ino panoaF.es were
to bo piade of in tho morning. My wife,
who was dreadfully out ot humor, suij to
me very sarcastically
. . . . . . , , .
'JSill do put your iooi iu me uauer.
'Just as you say, Maggy, said I, and
without hesitation I put my foot iu the not
of batter and then went to bed., .
NeX',' Joe Brown told his story.
'Jdy wifo had already retired in our
ual Bleeping room which adjoins the kitch
en, and the door which was ajar; not oe-
ing ab;o to navigate cieany, you hiiow i
made a dreadful clattering among the house
hold furniture, and my wife in no pleasant
tone bawled out
'Do break the porridge pot. y ,
No sooner said than done, 1 seised hold
ot the porridge pot, and striking it against
the chimney jm, broke it into a bunded
pieces. After thisex'ploit, 1 retired to rest
an,d got a curtain lecture all night for my
It was Tim Watson's turn to give an ac
count of himself; which he did with a very
long face ns follows:. , ,
'My wifo gave rre the most unlucky
command in the world; for I was blunder
ing up stairs in the dark, when she cried
Do break your neck, Tim.'
'I'll be cussed if I do. Kate, said I, as I
gathered myself up, I'd sooner pay the
bill. Aud so landlord here's the cash for
and this is the last time 1 II risk live
dollars on the command of my wife.'
"What a mistake, 'says Bulwer, 'to sup
nnfl that tho Dassions are strongest iu
voulh! The passions are not stronger,
but the control oyr them is weaker.
They are more easily excited. they are
more violent and more apparent;' but they
have less euergy, less durability, less in
tense and concentrated power than in
niaturcr life. In youth, passion succeeds
to nassion. and ono breaks upon the omer
as waves upon a vock, the heart frets itself
to repose, in manhood, tno grcai aeu
flows no more calm, but more protouna,
its serenity the proof of the might and ter
ror of its course, wore tho wind to blow
and tho storm to riee."
Moolk DiCoVERr. In tho coursri of
fl letigll.y and able article in the New York
rilmuc, we fiad the following summing
p of the achievements of discoverers
within the la it quarter of a century:
"Within tho last tweuty-five years, all
the principal features of the geography of
our own vast interior rvt'ions have been
accurately determined: the great fields of
Central Asia have been traversed in vari
ous directions, from Bokhara and the Ox
us to the Chines Wall;and the half-known
river system of South America have been
explored and surveyed; the icy continent
around the South l'ol has been discover
ed; the Northwestern Passage, the ignis fa
tuusof nt-ai ly two centuries is at last found;
the Djad Sea is stripp-d' of its fabulous
terrors; the course of the Niger is no long
er a myth,. and the sublim secret of the
Nile is almost wrested from his keeping.
The Mountains of the Mckjh, sought for
through two thoiisaud yea. have beeu be
held by a Caucasian eye;an English steam
er has asendd the Chadda-lo the frontiers
of the great Kingdom of Bornou; Leieh
ardt and Stuart have penetratd tliewill
ernessof Australia, tho Russians have de
scended from Irkoutsk to the mouth of the
Amoor, the antiquated wl!s of Cl.ins
prejudice have been cracked, and are fast
tumbling down, to J the canvass screens
which surround Japan hv been cut by
rtio sharp edge of American enUrpris.
Such are the principal results of modern
exploration. What quarter of a century,
since the form of the earth and the boun
daries of its land and water were known,
eau exhibit such a list of achievements?"
Early Times in To as.
We heard an anecdote recently, which
illustrates lh hardships to which the early
sadlcrs of this country were t-rposed. A
friend of ours had lan Jed in the country
and was traveling up Braza. Night
comini! on lie hil.ed his team in front of
a rude, sulitarv, one storv, ute room,
shanty, aud inquired if he i-ouM Up fir
the in-'tit, and obtain iefiehments Tor man
and beast! A gruff, tanned and tlJwrly
"She didn't know, they had nothing to
eat Sal's gone ou:, now, a huntin'; if she
gets anything you can stay. You must
hitch a while and wait arid see." . ,
Accordingly our friend with his wife
and family took their seats in the rule hut.
and devoutly prayed that, success niiht'
crown the efforts of our Dinna, heretofore
In an hour, the old woman, who had
been straining her eyes to penetrate the
. "Yuu can. stav tlusre she comes, audi
bhe's got plenty of it." , . .
Sure enough, iu a few moments, Sal
rode up astride of a mustang, with her
rifle on her shoulder, and a fat buck
strapped to. her poney. In,. the shortest
time imaginable, she hung i.im up,.. ami
took off his hide aud dressed it portion, fur
the table. Our friend and family regaled
thcnihelves on the venison for supper and
breakfast, and went on liis way rejoicing,
and invoking blessings ou the head of Sal.
She has since been married to an old Ti-j-an
is wealthy, and has given up hunt-
N'uilf, Night levels nil artificial dis
tinctions. . The beggar on his pallet of
Mlraw, snores as soundly as the king on his
bed of down. Night is the earthly para
disc of a slave, the sweet oblivion of the
caio-worn soul, the nurse of poetry, ofde
votijn; how the great panting heart of
society yearns for tlw return of night and
rest! Slevn is Gods Special eift to the
.. ' i ..."r... .1.,. u , c..i
time fur. repose. Quiet they have none ;
and instead of calmly awaiting the approach j
of events, they, fvetand repine, and starve j
sleep. and chide the tardv hours; ns ifev- l
ery to-morrow was bi-' with the fate of;
some great hereafter. The torrent of events
goes roaring past, keeps pager expectation
constantly on tip-toe; and drives timid
J ! .!
There. is .somjthing strangely oeauuiui
the contemplation of .night-when thej
smiling stars seen! to do homage to their
pale-faced queen, and the clouds fl.it -
LdT through the tranqniUky. and tlie
wind speaks iu sott whispers, as u leariun
of waking the sleepers. Such is the sweet!
renose of blameless conscience. But when
conscience, llut when i , h - ......... -
i slant dimly away- )- f Xime fortir he ia
curtains of darkness dPed u his rule of conduct, and be.
the hues oi evenm.
when the cheerless
aro drawn when .oerii.1 shadows loom up
and flit along the vaulted arch "like grim
ghosts trailing blackness through the heav
ens," such is the fearful shadows that hang
over the broken slumber of a soul in which
thro is no peace.
. XwAn anecdote is related of the Rev
T T.-:.l. f U Pa,1v in Itf.i o 1.1(1 r
of fortune, whose attention was awakened Alter tne ue.... impu '"u
towards. him by lvis eouspiaaous. talents, ments and wasiist about to commence op-,
wrote him a note offering him her heart. ; perations the man began to strain and
fortune and l and The Rev. Dr.. howev- i slrelch his mouth till he got it to a frigbt
"Wrlrtrsen'et l.an gallan.i y. ful width. "Stay, sir" d the de nd
reoliedtoher that she had better give her, "don't trouble yourself to stretch your
Lea tU? the Lord, her fortune to the mouth any wider, for I intend to stand on
ur. Ai., i & ui 1 1 , ' w,
Arh reserve her naru Tor mm wuo
thould ask it-
SsrXa Irishman, on arriving in Ameri-
" , . t it, Vanl rirV and
7X1 his wffe as follows: "Dear.Nora.
m. 1 1 1 ..ro tr nfitrrn'm lllQ CDaniTBS : Ot
... j- j i.. .n.i t i.nnA
mend you to marry Jemmy O'Rourk.
take eood care of the children. F
b ..... i .in "
youf aneciionaie nu-ioauu uu uwu,
ESTABLISHED IN 1820.
rftTjfV ii i j,i t it I .isli sjiai sT.-sfsCijrjt I iiiig fiTJj
A Piccvol sUsiral Ad rice.
, Tho ancient town of Rmnux, iu Fraoce,
is a place farqons fur law. To visit Rear
nes without getting advice of some sort,
seems absurd to the country p.uplo round
about It happened one day lhala farmi
er named Uernard, having come to town
on business, bethought himsolf that as he
hd a few lioirs to;rare, il'WOuld be well
to g:t lii a-lvicc of a good lawyer. He
hai ofien heard of a lawyer Foy," who'wir
in such, high reptile that people believ
ed a lawsuit gijiimd when he undertook
ihvir cause. Tlie. cuntryrriti went to his
office and after waiting sometime, was ad
mitted to an interview. He Ufld the law
yer that having heard so much about him.
and happening to be in town, he thouglll
he would call an I nonsuit him.
"You wish to bi.iag an aclion, perhaps;
replied the lawyer.'"
"0, no," replied the farmer, "I am at
peace with all the world." ,
"Then it is a setllenrent of property that
you want is it?" '
"Excuse me, Mr. Lawyer, nVy faiiily
and I have nsver made a division, seeing
that we draw from tin same well, as thu
saying is." ,
"It is. then, to gt me to negotiate" a pur-eha-e
or a sale, that you have come?"
"O.no.I am neither rich enough to pur
chase n'.r pooi' enough to sell.,'
"Will you tell mv.theu what you do want
of me?" said the lawyer ia a tone of sur
prise. Why. I have already bdd you, Mr.
Lawyer!" replied Bernard; "I want your
advice I mean to. pay or jt. of course. "
The lawyer smiLd, and taking pen and
paper, a-,kerl the countryman his name-
"Peter Birnard," replied th country!
man, quite happy Ora.t tlie la wyer at length
understood what he wanted.
"Tiiirry year'", or very near it."
"What do you do for a living?"
"0! that is what it maie, is it? Why
The lawyer wrote two Hues, folded the
paper and handed it to his client,
"It is finished aires ly ".'"said the farmer.
"Well arid good! What is to be the price
of tlmt advice, Mr. Liwyer?"
three francs." . , ,.,
Bernard paid th i money and took liis
leave, delighted that ho had made us of
his opportunity to get a pioco of advice
from the great lawyer. When the farmer
reached home It wa 4 o'clock;the journey
had fa'igud him. and he determined hi
rest thu remainder of the day. Mean-?
while the liny had beeu "tit two days, and,
was completely mail;., One of his men,
cameauJ tt-ktsd him if llieV should draw
"What, tkis evening?" ex Vimed the
farmr' wife, who had conw to meet her
husbii'l. "tl would ha a pity to begin
the work so late, since it can be due as
wwll to-morrow." , ,
Bernard was uncertain which way to
decide. - Suddenly he recollected that he
had the lawyer's advinein his pocket.
"Wail, a minute," he exwlaimed, "I
have an alvhie arid . a famous one, too -that-.
I paid three francs for; it ought to tell
us what to do. Here wife, see what it
says, you can read -.vrittMU hand bettor
than 1." The voman took" the paper and
read this line: ,
"Nevei put o.T until to -marrow what you
cau do to Jay."' . i
"That's it!" exolaimed Bernard, as if a
ray of light had cleared up nil his doubts.
"Come, be quick! gt the carta and a-,
way! Come buys, come trsils--all to the
hay-field! It shall
nut bo said that 1
bought a three frane ; opinion and, made no
u ' 1 lLe lawJ'ers d-
ric- ... . -'
"m( 1 H example ly
leading the way ,u the ork, and notrc-
'"v " -.b;'-
v.-nl seemed to pro, the wisdom of On
fodu..l. anJ the i..r.a,l,t of be lawyer.
. , , 3 . . to . b,L
1 an iniuv nt.. )nrt t arm mi rati MvAr f ha vnimT?
1 . , , ,
uext morning it was found tljattba
,. , , i 7 , ; a TiL
' 7 been UU in the fieUa.-
U he crops of the ne,.hbor,ng farmers werj
-. -r--- -,,,-' rL- c .
notsufl.red. i he success of bis firs cxpen-
came consequently, one oi mo raus. jjio
perous farmers in that icoyjptry. I hopq
that you, my readers, will tak a hint from
his success, and "never put off till to-mor-s
row what you can do to-day." From th
A man with an enormously large mouth.
called ou a deutist to get a tooth ctawa.
. . . . I l . , . ,
A Good Si'ogestios. 'An exchange pa-,
nava : Every tradesman who baa
daurrhlers frrowuiawp snouia w mem o-
quire a knowledge of book keeping sinc
IUI l u aa $ mmtmij UIISI
hnva to rtt their own bread. Many a.
yotmglady whoi. proficient on Jhepiano.,
i A 1. ... Ka.-l ai,r,h in, lia
Can acaroei v uniii . -
11 , . . , e . !. ,n..l,.H Vtn, In .n
muuituaes oi uiuaiu sc.iMwi, w
countant srtuations are always open.