Newspaper Page Text
Flillki AHD PUBLISHED BVBJIT SATURDAY, BT
. H. REED & S. T. HOSMER.
' " o HAUMEB CITY. '"
, CUSTOM HOUSE-OFFICE.
', ,' Canal street.
el .r . - ' .
iii vtiti STATE LAND OFFICE, ;
79v -. Erie Btreet. f- ' ,.. -
REED k HOSMER, ."-..:
Ppolt ty Job Printers, Mtiumee Express Office,
, "Wolcott street. "
j . DANIEL F.COOK,, , ; .
jt- Attorney anil Counsellor at Law.
, ; MAY & YOUNG, t
.'.u Attornies ic Counsellors at Law.
,-:.:, ..N. KATUBUN.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
Mihu-mr:, ii HENRY. UEEU,
in. j t' Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
i J i ,J.; DANIEL O. MORTON, -"'
Attorney, Counsellor and Solicitor.
, -, ;m , .Toledo, Ohio. ' -
J-.-. NATHAN RATHBUN,
life r : j -. i. . Justico of the Peace.
HORATIO CON ANT,
1 Justice of the Peace.
,. JUSTUS PWIG1IT, . j
Physician and Surgeon,
ni rji v ( HUM R tWVbivoo, .
Forwarding ,and Commission Merchants
,,,. . Water street. '"' ' -
-n JAMES WOLCOTT, to OO... ....
'Forwarding and Commission Merchants,
, , r Water street. .
FORSYTH to HAZARD, i :
'Forwarding and Commission Merchants,
j. -it- Water street.
i' , v, SMITH c CO.
Forwarding and - Commission Merchants,
Dry Good and Variety Store, Commercial
Dili 11 1 np.
W. WIS WELL,
Dealers in Hardware, HolloW-ware, Tin-ware
. .a and Cutlery, Erie street.
rl 'HARRINGTON U HUNTER,
Dealers in Groceries, Provisions, toe. toe.'
t ., ; , ; SPENCER to MOORE,
Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries to Crockery
- ELISHA MACK,
Dealer in Dry Goods Groceries and Crockery,
' Front street. '"
v , ... G. to W. RlCHVRDON,
Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, toe. toe.
Dealers in Funcy ana Staple Dry Goods, Ho.
. i fl l j . ' .
;. . lei ijuumnga.
- 6. WILLIAMS,
Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Crockery,
..(.. .,:. &c. Erie street.
v ACKER to KANADY, :
Dry Goods, Groceries, Clothing ice. toe.
Canal street. . -.
j. , . .' . IRA WHITE, T
" Dry Goods, Books toe. Wolcott street.
"fr W fin iWIII.I..
dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware,
' Boots, Shoes, tea: Wolcott streets .
DOAN & EARL,
Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery
toe. VVolcott street.
T : CLARK to FARGO.
Wholesale and Retail dealers in Groceries and
. ; Provisions, Commercial Buildings.
C. A. WILLIAMS,
!' ! Groceries and Provisions.
Groceries and Provisions.
: : ' A. CARY,
Boots, Shoes, Dry Goods, Groceries, Paints,
Oils too. Corner of Broadway and Conant sts,
; .'. . BOYNTON" to GANNETT,
Dry Goods, Groceries, Provisions, Hardware
, &c. f ront street.
A 1 HACKI.EY
Wholesale and Retail dealer in Dry Goods,
Groceries, Provisions, Stoves, Iron, toe. toe.
... -, Wolcott street.
nnwEH ti. III.AIIKK.
Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware,
. toe, uonant street.
J. .L BANGS.
Watoh Maker, Jeweller toe. Erie street.
...i i, i J. 8. MEACHAM, ,,.,, . -Tailor,
over the old Post Office, Erie street
f!! Ciu: !' ';. ; 0. S CASE,: y .i r.-r!' .!'J
Tailor, corner of Erie and Conant streets.
TT , ALLEN to ,UlUHUiN3,-v, ...rr
. , Groceries and Provisions, Erie street.
' nuDav'I'U 1. HTTT.I. " '
Dealers in Dry Goods, Crockery to.Hardware,
fi; LA l HAM T. TEW, : v.
Tin to. Sheet Iron. Worker, over Hackley and
.enr,-! w.lCHAULES A. LAMB,., , ,
.-.Cabinet; Furniture, Manufacturer rear of .
, , Commercial Buildings. T
.-no! "in e'.'"''J F SHEPARDk r i',
Sash and Blini Manufacturer, corner oi l ap
i ,. pan and Summit street, ,,
TTtiisn JEFFERSON HOUSE, " ' t'-''
Robert Gowem Erie atrect.'s ! ' i ai'.J
-Ti,a WASHINGTON HOUSE.i r.mT
I iW .1 Charles D. Foster, Canal streets - ( n
CENTRAL HOUSE," ;''" "
.ii-.:--'? , Elijah Clark, Erie street."' 'y
SPINK to HOSMER, . ..
''-"t Xttornies and Counsellors at Law. '
..a';:. BENNETT to CAMPBELL, ,
Attornies and Counsellors at Law. ;
I. STETSON, . !f ' !
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
i-.'j.ou i-ii-JBAGLR HOTELS.',"''''.'
Joseph Creps, Louisiatiaj Avenue.
iljn' . . Jtny anil nrnmiRsinh M'4..Sina ''
rorwaruiiig v .
' : GI I.BERT VCH.
DeSer in Dry Goods Oroiefri( fe Provigwwg
Boot, Shoe, and Leather Store, Opposite the
f.....,; . T-nnoranl. HmHSA31TH Pi'"T
' -"l It m tie- V .riT....1'I 1 Kl.i.ilU W"lf'"T TTfl T-Tf 'T ." V 1 ,.A' .,
' : .!":''' V 1 ; 1 1 'i'" 'd '! i i'l'! :. "j .'.'.ii , 1,1 Lsti'.'.ii-iii.-i ;.( :k.-.' ; ' :'i j
Volume II.-IVo. 38.
muMr ieon AttT.ISHlVIF.XT".
nr.vlt1?J A N n VilOVISIOJiS.
1 HwumtiJ - -
nr u. i. , Hr Hiinter. rcsDectfullv an-
iiai iiiwu w . i
thnt thpv liave recentlv
opened a splendid selection of Groceries and
Provisions, corner of Jackson and Wayne sts.
Hotel Building", where aimosi every anniem
theirline can be furnished at reduced prices
for cash. . ! ' ' -i ''
N. B. Persons desirous to contract tor large,
supplies, will find it to their advantage to give
us a call. Liberal anvances on Consignments
to us. . . , ,
i Refer to Tufts d Par, t,leveinna j.
Smitlu Newark WtElvam Hunter, Colum
bus. ., - . . 00
Mnumee City, Ohio, May 24th, !88. ' -
ASTRAL LAMPS. A : new, cheap aixl
' beautiful e, foeysW--;
...Jane 9 . Commercial Buildings.
mvipr. V rOOK
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, office over
i JusticeUonant s Liei.roiioi.icci.. i
kt.... c., Sont.1. . 22tr
ttwpersON HOUSE. , , , ..
Eau street,. Mal'meb City, Ohio. f;
THE subscriber respectfully informs the
public that he has leased this eligible es
tablishment, and put it in complete order for
the reception of boarder", travellers and visi
tors. It is a beautiful situation, in the most
pleasant partof said city, nnd the subscriber
flatters himself that his attention to the ac
commodation and comforts of his guests will
ensure to him a liberal Bhareof public patron
age. ' L ,
The furniture of the House is new, and the
apartments are in good order. The stable is
large and commodious, and will be attended
by careful servants. m
' april 21.
I'd ftnn fuet seasoned white wood, 1 inch
lO,UUU board, 2 inch plank, 1 and 1J
inch Flooring, Siding. ' "' ,.' ',
3 by 4, 4 by 4,' 4 by 5, by 5, 2 by B and
8 by 8 Joist, Also, .
, 7S,00O sawed Jjains lor me v v...w.
Kinirsbury and Frnnt-strcet,by ."
1)U 1 1
Aug. 11.' l8tf
. N. UATHBUN.
BEGS leave to liitorm Ins inenus anu mo
public, that he has resumed the Profes
sion of the Law, hasopenedan office, opposite
the brick store of Smith to Crowell, on Wol
cott street, in uaumee city whhic ho u""
to practice as an Attorney, Counsellor, and
Solicitor, in all the courts of Law and Equity
in the state or unio.
it'. ,...: fiffiAala Wnl in the samebuild-
ing, and is open at. all proper hours. Ack
nowledgements of all kind of instruments ta-
lten,ana aiuiiiiuBui uu-j""b ;
with neatness and despatch. ' '- ;
Oct: 7i - lrl '; 1 " 1 " " 21"
BEANS A quantity or ueans jusi ru-
ceived and for sale, at the Warehouse
of, . i:ir J. WOLCOTT, to Co.
AN assessment of J ot one per cent nas
been declared by the directors of the
Portage Co. Mutual Insurance company on all
..;.,. nniai AntnA nrior to Aolil 19. 1838,
son Nos. lto 1834 inclusive..-.: Payments of
.1 . L,n IX, .lni.
the same to oe maueon or uljutc m. ,i
of Soot, next at the office or to any agents of
tthe company. .'. ' E. N. SII.L, Secy.
Wm. Kwokhuiiv, Jlgl jnannwruiy. lt-u
OPOONS German silver Tea and Table
Mnnnnp. hnniitiful article, chenpnr and e-
qually handsome with silver, for sale by .
EA KETTLE5) Sheet iron Tea Kittles,
a new article, for sale by - , .
EADY made clothing for sale low for
ca6hattlie warengo casu BKire.
a viM vnnilST
, July 6, 1839'.:.,,.. .. , '. . " '.' I'ttf. '
GANDIES,a general asortment foi sale at
the Marengo cash store.',., :.!
.(.," ., : ,-t-A. VAN VOORST...;
T.,V fi. . I4tf . ,
; . ! ' J " 1 " r
TTATS' FOR GENTLEMKN Just re
ll i-,.,j. nir. nneat fashionable drab and
M . -
black Hatsi Commercial Buildings. .
; Aug. '.4,1833,.
' AMERICAN HOUSE FOR RENT.
THIS new-and commodious, building is vow
ill hn leased for a term
of years on advantageous terms. The Anier
ioalj oue oR the bast locatiors foil a H'rfa1
the cityi, bping convenient ,tO the steamboot
landines, and about the centre of the city. En
quire oV ' - .;,:'.r:; :J,? o. williams &-.
TO ALL WHOM IT MAY .CONCERN!
Please to take notice, that snjr notes or
Hpfit, piirned with onrnames
eltheras a firni, or individually. by J. WiCpn
verse, will note paid by us, nor, shall we re
eognise any s'V'h. obligations as binding upon
us after-the date cf tins nbtir-eV l; ";
v SAMUEL ACKKK,:
, of the firm of Acker and Knay-
Aim:-?,:'1. ,t:',":H:.!"M'"" ::
v-J bw-.j;;fiigSOMJTIONnl''W M
THE co-partnership heretofore existing be
. ,h. -..hcrlliprnisthis dav dissolved
JL iwocii mo d.v.. . - j ,
by mqwal consent;" Artpersons- indebtsd, to
the firm are required to' make immediate' pay
ment to W;r Pray,'. WhO to fluiy autnonseu w
kettle the eotne. 'i A : ; .PRAY, ,llu
Waterville, Nov. 29, 183fl. .. 3t3
N. B. The subscriWt has on nana a quan
tity if old notes and aecounU wb; be iere
ry anxious to exch.ange.fpr otber, paper- .
ON CONSIGNMENT, ;.'..vr.v.-s!
aU and brogws.manuractured by Sheffield,
of 'Huroni-"- 1 s C; A. WILLIAMS. !
Not. 8. - vltfi
MAUMKIJ CITiTj OIIIO SATUHDAr, DIXEMBER 33, 183S.
A REAL' BARGAIN M (.
THE pub-cfiber offers for sale the following
valuable' 'landed and hydraulic property
viz: 60(1 acres of land situaled on Green Creek
in the township of York, Lucas County. Ohio,
in the midst of which is an excellent site for
hydraulic pover with' a head of 15. feet, ot
which poirt crosses three public' rbads viz.
a Btate rond running from Mauufee City into
the stale of Indiana, a count road from Prov
idence lo Adnata ridge road from" Detroit to
Fort Defiance. In short, the natural advan
tages of said point must bo acknowledged -not
to bo exceeded, by any in the Alaumee valley
as regards a centre of business toe. situated
ad it is hi the midst of a rich, productive and
rapidly growing country, acknowledged by all
to be far the best part of said county.,, A town
plat on tho premises , at the above point is
contemplated on a ridge descending gradually
towards, the :streain, with several excellent
springs of water in the same. To suit the pur
chaser he will Ef-11 the above water privilege
only, or with any quantity of land from 100 to
800 acres.1 'IVrms of payment made easy.
For further information enquire of the sub
scriber on the premises, " :
... ,. ', B.G.LEWIS.
Dec. 8,1838. , Sfiui6
.' NEW STORE. 1 : :
THE subscribers have opened a new store
under the Brick Hotel, wlie"e they offer
for sale a splendid assortment of Goods, con
sisting of a general' assortment of Groceries.
Broad cloths; satinetts, jean?, corduroys, fus
tianB, vestings, merinos, calicoes, ginghams,
linens, muslins, neck and pocket handkerchiefs,
Rob Roy, plaid, merino, Thibet and cotton
Shawls; Insertings, edgings, loce; an assort
ment of lad'es and guntlemens Gloves; ' hat
and cap ribbons; belts; artificial flowers; fan
cy soap; perfumery;, fancy goods; crockery
toe., and is constantly receiving additions di
rect frum New York, chean for caidi, by
G. H.. NITCHIE to CO.
i Maumee City, Nov. 3, 1838. 31tf ,
FRESH ARRIVAL. ; '
CA. WILLIAMS, has just received, and
. has for sale at retail, tea, Coffee, sugar,
molasses, raisins,' herring, ' allspice, pepper,
soap, candles, lamp oil, eegars, pepper Bnuce,
chocolute, tobacco, and a general assortment
of liquors, and other articles usually kept in
Groceries. ' " .
' Nov. 8. i ' Sltf "''
TAVERN AT MONCLOVA.
THE subscriber has opened the Monclova
House at Monclova, and is now ready fur
the reception of company, with pood accom
modations for man and beast. I will apply
for a tavern licence at the April term of ..the
court for Lucas countv.
: : WATERMAN JOHNSON. "'
i Monclova, Dec. 1, 1888. ' .' S6t4
JUST received at the Miami Cash Store, a
good assortment of Fancj and Staple Dry
Goods, such as French, German arid English
merinos; French English and American prints,
broad cloth, sutinett, flannels, blankets, camb
Icts, woolen yarn and socks;, hosiery, gloves,
mittens, clothing, fur caps, ladies finO kid and
goat skin slips and walking shoes: coarse boots
and brogans, nnd almost every article usually
kept in Dry Goods Stores, at as low prices as
can be sold at any other establishment on the
river, by ,; , T. W. CROWELL.
dec. 1. , 35
NOTICE is hereby given that Mary John
son, and Alinon G. Johnson, Administra
tors of the estate of Jereminh Johnson, decea
sed, did on the 3"ith day of October, 1888, file
in the office of the clerk of the court of com
mon plea?, of Lucns county, Ohio, their ac
counts current, and vouchers for final settle
ment of said estate.1 ''!'''
.: v ; j; ,,; .-.JAMES MYERS Clerk.
,, Clerk's Office, Toledo, Oct, 29, 1838. 85t4
MIAMI HOTEL TO LET.
: IKIIIJ . , ! .. ' TT
3ij inn new anu spacious nuuse
ill would be rented to a good tenant who
iilL would furnish it, at a low rent, for a
year or term of years.! It, is situated nearer
the main steamboat landings of Maumee City
and the great ferry acwss the river, than any
other large establishment of the kind, and
where the travel through the black, swamp
may be most , conveniently accommodated,
no Hotel in this region,, of country offers
greater inducements to a good tenant. Its
plan and arrangements are superior to any on
the.Maumeeriver. .Enquire of.,...
nov.. 24. '' '" Jv W. SCOTT.
ITALIAN SPRING WHEATi &. DUT
;,:,;,n.lJi;.j TON CORN. , ,,,.,..,,.
rrHE subscriber has on hand a quantity of
JL Italian Spring wneat, ine rem genuine
article, raised from seed purchased of the' im
porter himselfselected with great oaro, espe
cially fof seed..; 'Those who wish to purchase
fur, sowing will do. well to apply soon.,. Also,
true Dutlon Cdrii, selected for seed.
''- ' """':: ' ' H.' REED.:"
Waterville. DeC. 1, 1838. : ".-' 8&tt ''
HEREAS mv wil'fr Miirnnral lias left
mv hifl nnil honrd. without anv iust
cause1 or pn vocation Whatever;'-1 therefore for
bid all persons harboring or trusting her on my
account, as I will pay no debts of her contract
ing after this date..,! NATHAN, WILSON.
.. Royalton.Oct; SO, 183?.(...s . ,, ... 3513 , ,
frv .w.viiHjq t -WANTED. .;vn : ..
FOR, whicb Cash will be paid, 500,000 Pipe
jind Hogshead Stavesdeliverel at either
ofhe fbliowing plapes, yizt Perry6burg,.M iT
renko',Oregon, Mdiibatt'nh, or to- the subscri
ber.1 'i 0 1 ' GEO. S. HAZXRO.-'
-rwm C4.'i:""! 'i"n!ia '"' gr'- i ua- 84tf. si!
- ' FLOUR! FLOUR!! ' ;
THEsubsCiribtfrs have made sucli ar'range
menU as ! will enable : them to sell Flour,
either in lergramaU ()iintitieconsiderably
bndei1 the market price at this place; ! Call and
..JAMES WOLCOTT to Co.,,,
'' ' . . ' 83
tin 1. 1
STONE .,WARE-Cburn: from to e
srallons: Jars and nots from 1 to 4 calls.
Jugs from a quart to 3 galls. ,, fitchers of J
ah3:9'Mlla,t milb i.'rni.kay-'atrtvri'nlna crocks.
add 2 galls?'' milk brobksf 'stove'plptf ctobks:
for sale by-w w vrvi:. j ;v mi .'tU:
not. . 84. iBOYNTON to GANNETT. cs
; ' PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
' , : ' Cuncluded.). ,t '
j,,I would again call to your notice the sub
jects connected with and essential to the mili
tary defences of , the country, which were sub
mitted to you at the last session; but which
were not acted upon, as is supposed, for want
of.timp. The most important of them is the
organization of the militia on the inarutiina
and inland frontiers. This measure M deem,
ed important, as it is believed that it will fur
nish an effective volunteer force in aid of the
regular army, and may form the basis for a
general system of organization for the entire
militia ofthe United States. Tho erection of
a national foundry and gunpowder manufacto
ry, and one for making small arms, the latter
to be situated at some point west of the Allega
ny mountains, all appear to be of sufficient im
portance to be again urged upon your attention.
The plan prooosed by the Secretary of War
for the distribution oft'ie forces ofthe U. S,
in time of peace, is well calculated to promote
regularity and economy in the fiscal adminis
tration of the sorvice, to preserve the disci
pline of the troops, and to render them availa
ble lir the irminlainance ofthe peace and tran
quility of the country. With this view, like
wise, I recommend the adoption of the plan
presented by that officer for the defence of
the western frontier. The preservation of
the lives and property of our fellow citizens
who are settlnd upon that border of country,
as well as the existence ofthe Indian popula
tion which might be tempted by our want of
prep'i ration to rush on their own destruction
and altaok the white settlements, all seem to
require that this subject should be acted upon
without delay, and the Wur Department au
thorized to place that country in a slate of
complete defence against any assault ofthe
numerous nnd warlike tribes which are congre
gated on that border.
It uffurds'ine sincere pleasure to be able to
arprizoyouof the entire removal ofthe Chero
kee nation oT Indians to their new homes west
of l he Mississippi. The measures authorized
by Congress at its last session with a view to
the longtitandii g controversy with them, hive
bad the happiest effects. By an agreement
concluded with them by the commanding gen
eral in that country, who has performed the
duties assigned to him on the occasion with
commendable ene-gy and humanity, their re
moval hasbt-en principally under the. conduct
oftbeir own chiefs, and they havi emigrated
without any apparent reluctance.
The successful accomplishment of this im
portant object; the removal also, of the entire
Creek nation, with exception of a small number
of fugitives amongst the Scminoles in Florida;
the progress already made towards a speedy
completion of the removal of the Chickasaw?,
the Chocktan-s, the Pottawatamies, the Ottn-
was, aud the Ciiippewas, with the extensive
purchases of Indian lands during the present
year, have rendered the soecdy and useful re
sult of the long established policy of the go
vernment upon the subject of Indian affairs en
tirely certain. The occasion is, therefore,
deemed a proper one to place this policy in
such a point ot view as will exhonerate the go
vernment of the United States from the nnde
served reproach which has been cast upon it
through several administrations. That a mix
ed occupancy of the same teintory, by the
white and red man, is incompatible with the
safety or happiness of either, is a position in
respect to which there has long since ceased
to be ruom for difference of opinion. Reason
and experience have alike demonstrated its im
practicability. The bitter fruits of every at
tempt heretofore to overcome the barriers inter
posed by nature, have only been destruction,
both physical and moral lo Uic Indian; danger
ous conflicts of authority between the federal
iimI state governments; and detriment to the
individual prosperity ofthe citizen, as welt as
to the general improvement of the country.
The remedial policy, the principles of which
were settled more than thirty yours an, under
the administration of Mr. Jefferson, eonsists
in extinction, for a fair considrration of the
title to all the lands still occupied by tho Indi
ans witbin the states and territories of the
United States: their removal to acountry west
of tlte Mississippi, much more extensive, and
better adapted to their condition than that on
which fliey then resided; the guarantee to them
by the United States, oftheirexclusive posses
sion of that cuuntry forever, exempt from all
intrusions by white men, with ample provisions
for their security against external violence and
internal dissentions, and the extension to them
of suitable facilities for their own advance
ment in civilization. This has not been the
policy of particular administrations only, but of
each in succession since the lirst attempt to
carry it out under that of Mr. -Monroe. All have
labored for its accomplishment, only with dif
ferent degrees of success. The mauner of its
execution has, it is true,, from time to time
given rise to-conflicts of opinion and unjust
imputations , but in respect to the wis
dom and necessity, of the policy itself, there
has not. from the beginning, existed a doubt in
the mind of any calm, judicious disinterested
friend ofthe Indian race, accustomed to reflec
tion and enlightened by experience.
Occupying the double character of contract
or on its own account, and guardian for the
parties Contracted with, it was haTdly to be
expected that the dealing" of the federal go
vernineht with the Indian tribes ' would escape
misrepresentation; That 1 there occurred in
the early settlement of this country, its' in all
others wher8 the civilized roee has- succeeded
to the possessions of thesavagej instances of
oppression and fraud on the part, of the for
mer, there is too much reason to beliove. , No
such offences cuni hdwever, be1 justly charged
upon this government since it became free to
pursue its'own course.;1. Its dealings with the
lndiarr: tribes; have1 been just and friendly
throughout; its efforts for their civilization
ionstantvand directed by the) best feelings of
humanity; its'watehfiiloess in pro'teotingth'em
from individual frauds unremitting; its . for
bearance under the keenest provocation,. the
.leepest injiiriesv &Bd ihe.most flagrant out
rages.may qhallengo tt least a comparison with
iny nation, ancient or modern, in similar cir
cumstances; and if in future times a powerful,
civilized, and happy nation of Indians shall be
found to exist within the limits of this north
ern continent,, it will be owing to the consume
ttinn of that policy winch has been bo unjustly
issailnd, Only a very , brief reference to facts
in confirmation of this assertion can. in this
form be given, and you are, therefore, neces
Whole No. 90.
sarily referred to the report of the Secrelary
of War for further details. , To the Cherokees,
whose case has perhaps excited the greatest
snare ot attention and sympathy, and the Uni
ted Stales have granted in fee, with a perpet
ual guaranty of exclusive and peaceable pos
si sion,, l;),5&4, 185 acres of land, on the west
side ofthe Mississippi,, eligibly situated, in a
healthy climate, and in all respects better suit
ed to their condition than the country they
have left, in exchange for only 9,492,160 acres
on the east side of the same river. The Uni
ted Stales have in addition stipulated to pay
thein five millions six hundred thousand dol
lars for their interest in improvements on the
lands thus relinquished and one million one
hundred and sixty thousand dollars forsubsist
ence and other beneficial purposes; thereby
putting it in their power to become one of the
most wealthy and independent separate com
munities, of the same extent, in the world.
Hy the treaties made and ratified with the
Miamies, the Ciiippewas, the Sioux, the Sacs
and Foxes, and the Winnebagoes, during the
last year, the Indian title to eighteen millions
four hundred and fifty-eight thousand acres has
been extinguished. These purchases have
been much more extensive than those of any
previous year, and have, with other Indian
expenses borne very heavily upon the Trea
sury. They leave, however, but a small quanti
ty of unbought Indian lands within the states
and terri ories; and the legislature and execu
tive were equally sensible of the propriety of a
final and more speedy extinction of Indian
titles wit hin those limits. The treaties which
were, with asingle exception, made in pursu
ance of previous appropriations for defraying
the expenses, have subsequently been ratified
by the Senate, and received the sanction of
(Jongress by the appropriations necessary to
carry them into effect. Of the terms on which
these important negotiations were concluded,
I can spoakfrotn direct knowledge: and I feel
nodifiiculty in affirming thai the interest ofthe
Ind'ans in the extensive territory embraced by
them, is to be paid for at its fair value, and that
no more favorable terms have been granted to
the United States than would have been rea
sonabiy expected in a negotiation with civilized
men, fully capable of appreciating and protect
ing their own rights. For the Indian title to
1 16,349,07 acres, acquired since the 4th of
March, 1829, the United States have paid
$i$,56H,0D0 in permanent annuities, lands,
reservations for Indians, expenses of removal
and subsistence, merchandise, and agricultural
establishments and implements. When the
heavy expenses incurred by the United States,
and the circumstance thav so large a portion
ofthe entire territory will be forever unsalea
ble, are considered, and this price is compared
with that for which the United States sell their
own lands, no one can doubt that justice has
been done to tho Indians in these purchases
also. Certain it is, that the transactions of
the federal government with the Indians have
been uniformly characterized by a sincere and
paramount desire to promote their welfare:
and it must be a source of the highest gratifi
cation to every friend to justice and humanity
to learn that, notwithstanding tlte obstructions
from time to time thrown in its way, and the
difficulties wb'ch have risen Iromthe peculiar
and impracticable nature of the Indian charac
ter, the wise, humane and undeviating policy
oftbe government in this, the most difficult of
all our relations, foreign and domestic, has at
length been justified to the world in its near
approach to a happy and certain consumma
tion. Tho condition of lire tribes which occupy the
country set apart for them in the west, is high
ly prosperous, and encourages the hope of
their early civilization. They have, for the
most part, abandoned the hunter " state, and
turned their attention to agricultural pursuits.
All those who have been established for any
length of time in that fertile region, maintain
themselves by their own industry. There are
among them traders of no inconsiderable capi
tal and planters exporting cotton to some ex
tent, but the greater number are small agricul
turalists, living in comfort upon the produce of
their farms. The recent emigrants, although
they have in some instances removed reluct
antly, have readily acquiesced in their unavoid
able destiny. They hlive found at once a re
compense for past sufferings, and an incentive
to industrious habits, in the abundance and
comforts around them. Thero is reason to be
lieve that all these tribes are friendly in their
feelings towards the United States; and it is
to be hoped that the- acquition of individu
al wealth, the pursuits of agriculture, and ha
bits of industry, will gradually subdue their
warlike propensities, and incline them to main
tain peace among themselves. To effect this
desirable object, the attention of Congress is
solicited to the measures recommenced by the
Secretary of War, for their future govern
ment and protection, as well from each other
as from the hostility of the ' war-like tribes
around them, and the intrusions of the whites.
The policy of the government has given them
a permanent home and guarantied to them
its peaceful und undisturbed possession. It
only remains to- give them a government and
laws which will encourage industry, and se.
cure to them tho rewards of their exertions.
The importance of pome form of government
cannot be to much insisted upon. The earli
est effects will be to diminish the causes and
the occasions for hostilities among the tribes,
to inspire an interest in, the observance of laws
to winch they will have themselves assented,
and to multiply the securities of property,
and the motives for, Belf-improvement. . In
timately connected with this subject, is the
establishment ofthe military defences recom
mended by the Secretary of War, which have
been already referred to. Without them, the
erovermnetit will be powerless to redeem its
pledges of protection to the emigrating Indians
against the numerous- warlike tribes that sur
round them, and provide forth safety ofthe
frontier settlers of the bordering states. -
-The case of the Seminoles constitutes at
present the only exception to: the successful
efforts of the government to remove the Indi
ans to the homes assigned them wesi oi me
MiRsissippLx'Four hundred of this tribe emi
grated h 1836, and fifteen hundred in H3T
and 118. leaving in the country, it is suppos
ed ' about ,000 Indians.. The continued
Ireeeherous conduct of these people; the sav
aire anaWprovoked reorders they have lately
Smirtorf. butcherintf whole families of the
settlers ofthe territory, without distinction bf!
. nr mat. and makine tueir way in me very
centre and heart of the country, o that no
part bf it is free from their ravageef their ftta
quent attacks ob the light-housec along that
dangerous coast end the barbarity with which
they, have murdered the passengers and crew
of such vessels as have been wrecked open th
reefs and keys which border the gul4 leave)
the government no alternative but to continue
the military operations against them untii they
we totally expelled frem Florida
. There are other motives which wouM nrg
the government to pursue their course toward
the Seminoles. The United States have ful
filled in good faitb all their treaty stipulation
with the . Indian tribes, and have. in. avtrc
other instance, insisted upon a like perform
ance of their obligations. To relax from this
salutary lule because the Seminoles hav
maintained themselves so long in the territory;
they had relinquished', and, in defiance of their
frequent and solemn engagements, still contin
ue to rage ruthless war against the United
States, would not only evince a want of con
stancy on our part, but be of evil example in
our intercourse with other tribes. Experi
ence has shown mat but little is to be- gained
by the march ot armies through a country soin-
tersected with inaccessible swamps andmamh
es,and which, from the fatal character of the cli
mate, must be abandoned at the end-of thwm
ter. I recommended, therefore, to you atten
tion the plan submittedby the Secretary of War
in the accompanying report, for, the perma
nent occupation of the portion of the territory
freed from the Indians, and the more efficient
protection of the people of Florida from their
From the report of the secretary of the na
vy, herewith transmitted, it will appear that a
large portion of the disposable naval force i
either actively employed, or in a state of pre
paration tor the purposes ot experience andj
discipline, and the protection of our commerce.
Ho effectual has been this protection, that so
fur as information of government extends,, not
a single outrage has been attempted on a ves
sel narry ing the flag of the United States,
within the present year, and in any quarter
however distant or exposed.
The exploring expedition sailed fbm NoN.
fork on the 19th of August last:- and informa
tion has been received of its safe arrival at the
island of Maderia. The best spirit animate
the officers and crws, and there- i every rea
son to anticipate, from its efforts, results ben
eficial to commerce and honorable to the na
tion. I ...
It will also be seen that no reduction of the
force now in commission is contemplated..
The unsettled state of a portion of South
America renders it indispensible that our
commerce should receive protection iu that
quarter y the vast and increasing interests em.
bora id in the trade or the Indian and China
scaa, in the whale fisheries of the Pacific
ocean, and in the Gulf of Mexico, require
equal attention to their safety; and a smalt
squadron may be employed to great advantage
on our Atlantic coasts, in meeting sudden de
mands for the reinforcement ef other stations,
in aiding merchant vessels in distress, in afford
ing active service to an additional number of
officers, and in visiting tho different ports of
the United States, an accurate knowledge- of.
which is obviously ofthe highest importance..
The attention of Congress is respectfully
called to that portion of the report recommen
ding an increase in the number of small vessels,
and to other suggestions contained in that doc
ument. The rapid increase and wide expan
sion of our commerce, which is every day- seek
ing new avenues of profitable adventure; th
absolute necessity of a naval force fur its pro
tection precisely in the. degree of its exten
sion; a due regard to the national rights and
honor ; the recollection of its former exploits,
and the anticipation of its future triumphs
whenever opportunity presents itself, which
we may rightfully indulge from the experience.
of the past: all seem to point to the navy as a
most efficient arm in our national defence, anal
a proper object of legislative encouragement.
The progress and condition of the post of
fice department will be seen by reference tat
the report of the postmaster general. The
entent of pest roads, covered by mail contracts,
is stated to be 134,918 miles, and the annual
transportation upon them 34,580,302 miles.
The number of post offices in the United
States is 12,533, and rapidly increasing. That
gross revenue for the year ending on the 30th
day of June last, was $4,292,145. The
accuring expenditures, $4,983,068 execs
of expenditures, $417,923. This has been
made up out of the surplus previously - ou
hand. The cash on hand on the first instant,
was $314,068 00. The revenue for the year
ending June 20, 5S3S, was f 181,54 mere than
for the year ending June 30, 1837. The ex
penditures ofthe department had been gradu
ated upon the anticipation of a largely increas
ed revenue, A moderate curtailment ef mail
service consequently became necessary, and
has been effected, to shield the department
against the danger of embarrassment. Its
revenue is now improving, and it will oor re
sume its onward course in th mardi of im
provement. ...i '
Your particular attention ie requested to so
much of the postmaster general's report as re
lates to the transportation of the mails upon
rail roads. Tho laws on that subject do not
seein adequate to secure that service, now be
come almost essential to, the public interests,
and at the same time protect the department
from combinations and unreasonable demands.'
Nor can I too earnestly request your atten
tion to the necessity of providing a store se
cure building for this department. The dan
ger of destruction to which its important book
and papers are continually exposed1, as well
from tlte highly combustible character oft he
building occupied, as from that of others in th
vicini.y, calls loudly tor prompt action. '' "
Your attention is again earnestly invited toi
the suggestions and recommendations submit
ted at the last session i respect ta the Dis
trict of Columbia.
I feel it ny duty also, to bring to your no
tice certain proceedings at law which have rew
cently been prosecuted in this district, in thai
name of the United Slates, on the relation of
Messrs. Stockton && Stokes, of the stats of
Maryland, against the postmaster general,: and
, which have resulted in the payment of money1
out.of the national treasury, for the first time)
since the establishment of the government, by;
judicial compulsion exercised by the common
law writ of mandamus, issued by the circuit
court of this district. ':,,, i
The facts of the case-,- and the grounds of
the proceedings, will be found fully stated in
the report of the-decision; and any additional
information which yon may desire will bs sup
plied by the propeii department. . -No. ialeffer-
ence in the particular case is contemtyhted.1
The1 money has bee paid; the claims of th
prosecutors nave bee satisfied and 'tbei
whole subject, so far as they are concerned, a'
finally disposed of; but it is -on the sopsositisiS'
that the case may be regarded as an sttthoti-'
tative exposition of the few as it Bow staudV
that I have thought it necessary to- prcBcnti
to youV considerations. '-' ' l :--