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THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL. 387
Later from Europe.
Arrival of the Asia Fighting on the Danube!
Tht, Turks Victorious .' The Markets, OC
New Youk, Jan. 31, P. M. The steamer
Afia urrived here to-day, with Liverpool
dates to the 14th.
The ppeculative demand for flour had
ceased, and Western canal is quoted at 43s,
mid Ohio at 45i. White wheat 12s Ud,
white com 51s, and yellow 50s.
Ijrd had advanced Is. Gd. per cwt., with
pales at 06s.
Sugar liad improved 6d. per cwt. Rice
was in active demand at former rates.
Previsions were, stifier, and the. demand
good, though quotations were, unaltered.
The transactions in Auvncau securities
were smalt. Consols were, unchanged.
D-nnist.oj & Co. report tin market for
breadstuff as nctive, and as having con
tinued lo at'vunce. rapidly until Tuesday
evening, tlr.: lOlli, but since theM has been
less doing, and orics have fallen off, leaving
tin advance o:i the week, however, equal to
Is.als. 21 on wheat, ls.uls. fid. on Hour, ami
'2s on corn.
Gardner & Co. report beef in more active
demand, and prices stifler. though unaltered.
Owing to the navy contracts, the inquiry
for pork has increased, and American has
Moderate business doing in bacon.
At London, Baring & Brothers report the
market for breadstuff's nsexi ite l. American
red whut 8Us3l3, white 81sa92s per quar
ter. Flour 4i5a4Gs.
Manufactured iron was in good dcmir.d
and prices firm.
The allied fleets, up to the. 3d inst., had
"been unable to enter the. Black Sea, owing
to storms; but on that day entered, with
t ho exception of six ships left at Bey cos
Bay, to guard the Bosphorus. The first di
vision of the Turkish fleet accompanied the
allies. The second division remains anchor
ed in the Bosphorus.
The Czar is not supposed to view the entry
of the fleet as a declaration of war, but has
ordered all his own fleet to return to S'bas
topol. The Turks have gained a brilliant
nuccess on the Danube. Tlvy stormed and
captured a Russian entrenched camp at
Citale, near Kalafat, and put 2,500 of the
enemy to the sword. They also attacked a
body of 18,000 Russians, sent to relieve
Citale, and after a sharp encounter com
piled them to retreat. The Russians are
thus driven back from positions by which
they hoped to cross the Danube. The Turk
ih"forcc in the battle was 15,000 men and
It is admitted that Omar Pasha has bril
liantly out muuecuvered the Russian com
mander. Other advantages on the Danube
were formally notified by the Divan, on the
1st inst., to the ambassadors of the four
powers. The details are not given, but are
supposed to be the. storming and capture, of
Karakal, with several skirmishes of lesser
In Asia, the defeat of the Turks, tinder
the bad generalship of Ahdi Pasha, is con
firmed, but Gen. Guyon has gone to the ar
my with full powers, and the spirit of the
Turks had revived.
Schamyl has sent a messenger to the Porte,
announcing that he was now prepared to
ct energetically against the Russians.
Turkish hopes iu Asia consequently bright
en : meanwhile negotiations go on. The
Sultan's Iradti is publithed, approving the
decision of the Grand Council to open .ne
gotiations cn the footing proposed by the
four powers Turkey to send a .representa
tive to a conference in a neutral city.
It is confirmed that Persia lias lesumed
negotiations with Great Britain, and will
not, at present, attack the Turk. The
ostensible cause of the difficulty with Great
Britain was the claims of Abbal Karin, a
Jlritish subject against the Persian govern
.tnent, . .
s' The American slaps Edward Fletcher and
"Connor were fallen in with at sea, wrecked.
The crews and passengers were saved and
landed in Holland.
. Rev. James C. Richmond complains that
he is detained a prisoner by the Austrian
police, at Hechena, in Hungary, and culls
on the United States for redress.
The latest China news state that Amoy
had been re-captured by the Imperialists,
who massacred 1,000 of the inhabitants.
There was rumors at Vienna, on Thurs
day, of fresh success by the Turkish army in
Wallachia. It was also rumored that the
Emperor of Austria would leave for War
saw that evening, to have a conference with
the Emperor of Russia on the Eastern ques
tion. From Persia, we learn that the Affghan
Envoy left Teheran before the arrival of the
new Russian Plenipotentiary, with the
threat that if Persia formed un alliance with
Russia, the Affghans would invade the Per
The rumors of the Russian defeat at Kala
fat are fully confirmed.
The new tariff of Buenos Ayres was to go
into operation on the first of January.
Disturbances ha 1 occurred in Uraguay. A
party of Biancas had taken up arms against
the government in the interior. On the 20th
of November they seized upon Cologne and
forced the authorities to flee to Buenos Ayres
in a whale boat.
All Europe is anxiously awaiting the final
reply of the Czar to the last proposition,
which is hourly expected; and upon it de
pends the question of war or peace between
Russia and France and Enghvict.
The Pacific Arrived out on the 18th.
. The details of the battle of Citale, on the
Danube, show a most brilliant victory for
the Turks. The fighting lasted five days.
The. Russians were completely discomfited,
losing 4,000 in killed, and two generals
wounded. On the last day the Turks at
tacked the Russian reserve, driving it back
upon Krasova, with the loss of several can
non. The slaughter was immense on both
sides. The Turks afterwards destroyed the
Russian fortifications, and then retired to
The Russians are erecting fortifications at
Sebastopol and Crimea, and have extinguish
ed all light-houses.
The Port made some essential modifica
tions of the note of the four powers, which
the latter pronounced satisfactory, and it
was immediately sent to St. Petersburgh.
The reply of the Cz3r was not known when
the Arabia sailed ; but was generally sup
posed, from certain indications, that he
would immediately withdraw his ambassa
dors from France and England, and declare
The greatest activity prevails in the
French navy yards. Every ship has been
ordered to sea. The operatives are kept at
work on Sundays. A new levy of seamen
had been made.
England is strengthening her coast de
fences, i .
Great scarcity of food prevails throughout
the Roman States.
The ship Antarctic, brought the rescued
from the wreck of the San Francisco. Capt.
Watkins, purser Schell, C. F. Barton, 30
officers, W. Duckett,' carpenter, Lieut Chan
dler, W. G. Frankin, and 147 troops, 19
women and children. The rest of the sur
vivors were taken off from the wreck by the
Three Bells and Kilby.
The news may hi briefly summed up.
No official reply from the Czar. No
abatement of actual hostilities, and prepa
rations for attack, bnt no further battles re
ported either on the Danube or in Asia.
Allied fleets were last seen steering for
Batonrm,'with fair winds. The Russian
fleet is also at seii. .
Very Latest. On 'the morning of the
Pacific's sailing, it was said on the authority
of thj Times, that the Czar has not proceed
ed to extreme measures on learning the entry
of the allied fleets into the Black flea. He
replies by a question ; "Are the fleets to
observe strict neutrality, or to take an ac
tive part w tli Turkey V' The answ er to lln j
above is of little importance, as his. final re
ply to the note of Vienna, must ere this be on
the way. -
The above had, however, a favorable in
fluence, oh the ; Bourse.
It is telegraphed fronrVienna that it has
transpired that the Czar's final reply will be
a contemptuous refusal of the Vienna note,
also referring Turkey to Gortzchakoff for
further particulars, and asserting positively
that he will not gite jip one jot cl' Menchi
koff's first demand V. v , '
Considerable movements along the Dan
ube but no further battles.
English people seeing the imminence of
war, appear to have made up their minds to
the necessity, and quietly accept it.
Mr. Mason, minister to France, has pre
sented his credentials.
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun.
Washington, Feb. 2, 1854. The Ne
braska and Kansas bill is intimately con
nected with the. subject of the Pacific Rail
road. A disposition exists in some quarters
to make an issue on the question whether
the Pacific railroad shall be made in slave
holcling or non-slaveholding territory. The
Central Pacific railroad will pass through
the proposed territory of Kansas, and this
is more likely to be a slav'eholding territory,
under Mr. Douglas's bill, than Nebraska.
I am now convinced that a serious and com
bined offort ij to be made to carry Col.
Benton's project for his Central Railroad
route, and to exclude slavery from the terri
tory in which that route will lie!
The Benton railroad project and the or
ganization cf the Kansas or Nebraska Ter
ritory, under th2 slavery restriction of 1820,
are to be combined together, and will unite
an immense force in the cotlntry and in
The same two interests above named will
also be combined to kill the Gadsden treaty,
for the reason that it affords an attractive
railroad route at the South, and will add two
slaveholding States to the Union.
Congress begins to see, what everybody
else sees, that, wherever the Pacific railroad
goes, there will go the political power and
the commercial interests of this continent.
Mr. Douglas's bill will pass ths Senate
very soon, by a considerable majority. It
is not the policy of that body to detain it
long, nor to make it the subject of a general
The Fix of the President.
It will be remembered that the New York
Herald some time ago, charged that John
Cochrane, had in his possession a letter
written by the President of the United
States in 1848, expressing sympathy with the
Barnburner movements of that time ; and
that Judge Waterbury and John Van Buren
were cognizant of the contents. Waterbury
and Cochrane in separate replies, admit the
reception of such a letter, but believe that it
discountenanced the freesoil movement.
Cochrane says the letter cannot be found.
Now a Mr. Galbraith turns up and writes a
long letter. He says a short time ago, he
called on Mr. Cochrane, and in answer to a
request for the letter, Mr. Cochrane replied :
" I am sure I havz it, and will find it for
you ; saio it not a great while since ; 1
opened a roll of papers, and in that roll of
papers there I found this identical letter,
written by Franklin Pierce to the ratifica
tion meeting in 1848.
" I then asked him, says Mr. Gilbraith, as
to its contents, and he said he did not re
collect very distinctly, but so far as he re
collected, it was a general approval of the
course that had been pursued, and the nomi
nations made at tht Utica or Buffalo Con
vention in 1848.
"I then asked him why it had not been
read and published at the time or immedi
ately after the meeting; he said he did not
know, but he supposed that it was because
the. officers cf the meeting, and he particti
larly mentioned Judge , Waterbury, consider
ing Franklin Pierce, a man of so little note or
influence at the time, that to read or publish a
letter cf his would do no good to them what
ever, and hence the reason of its being thrown
aside along with a number of others, as en'
tirely worthless, until he became President
of the United States." ,
Now we know nothing of this Mr. Gal
braith. He is doutless as much entitled to
credit as such a Dugald Dalghetty as Mr.
The only interest the public can have in
the matter, is to discover whether John
Cochrane and John Van Buren have in their
breeches pockets, any written obligations
that compel President Pierce to disappoint
the expectations of his peculiar friends, and
play 'into the hands of a set of the most
profligate betrayers of principles and profes
sions the country, has ever embraced.
London Jan . 2&.--The Times's correspon
dent writes that thoKEmperor of Russia's re
ply, though not couched in very strong lan
guage, is of such a character as leaves littW
change in the Emperor's mind. It is stated
that the popular excitement at St. Peters
burgh is indescribable, and that the French
government anticipate that an explosion oi
such a kind will take place as to force the
Emperor to make a formal declaration of war
before his plans are arranged.
m It is reported that 10,000 or 15,000 Rus
sians have crossed the Danube.
There is a rumor that a dispatch had been
received from St. Petersburgh announcing
the resignation of Nesselrode and its accept
ance by the Emperor.
Constantinople, Jan. 19 The first regi-.
ment of Christian Cossacks leaves to-day for
the head-quarters of Omer Pasha.
Copenhagen, Jan. 20. It is said that au
answer from Russia on the. declaration of
neutrality has arrived. The Czar refuses anil
demands that Denmark shall side with one
of the parties.
Berlin, Jan. 20. It is rumored that
Russia has protested against the cession to
Prussia by Oldenburg, of a military post ou
the banks of the Ide.
An Enemy's Advice.
The Commercial, true to its Whig in
stincts, was out in an elaborate leader, yes
terday, opposing the proposed plan to amend
the Constitution in respect to taxation,
which has become BURDENSOME and
ONEROUS in the. EXTREME, and which,
as construed bv the courts, IS THE MOST
UNJUST LAW EVER PLACED UPON
THE STATUTE BOOK IN ANY COUN
TRY. The Commercial has been making
war upon the law all winter, and now op
poses the only way in which it can: be - re
pealed. , .The design of the Commercial , i
easily seen through. It wants the law -to
stand so that it may be a political hobby to
resuscitate Whiggery, and give it the con
trol of the. State. It cares nothing for ttie
people's interests in comparison with those,
of the Whig party. Democratic friends is
the Legislature, will you aid and comfort
the Whigs by taking no steps to rid us cf
the taxation evil? Cincinnati Enquirer,
Sunday. ; - ;;; ;
So the only way to escape the pains and
penalties of " Whiggery" is to be very .pai
ticularly. clamorous for an instantaneous
change in, our " iVeto Constitution" yet '".in
the hands of its friends." It is further nec
essary to one who would preserve his hd
mocracy undented, that he be clamorously
denunciatory of the.tcry democratic legisla
tion of the last two years, whereby banks
were " taxed as other people" and of the
decision of the Supreme Court, which holds
that other people must be "taxed as ike
banks f It must now ba conceded, and
affirmed valiantly, as the very cardinal
quintessence of home-made democracy, that
the tax law (the boasted " crow tbar,")- U
THE MOST UNJUST LAW ever phced up
on the statute book IN ANY COUNTRY.:
and those who do not respond a voeifermif
Amen are Whigs ! Such is the Sunday
teaching of the Cincinnati Enquirer.-r-fO.--S.
Journal.' r - r , .- ; r.n,5:,t-
' ' - : I- - "
We are gratified to learn that, the whigs'of
the Maryland Legislature have unanimpuir
a greed to re-elect the Hon. James Ai.Pearct.
to the United States Senate. Mr! Pearce is
one of thji .very. best men in the country.
Flour. The best quality is now selling
in Washington atleven dollars a barrel, by
retail in New York at eleven dollars and
fifty cents. . '
Convalescent. Yankee Sullivan, who
was so ill that lie could not.attend the court
at 'Berkshire, ."to take his trial, advertise, a
great sparring exhibition in New York-.-.,.'
A provincial paper concludes a joftp
obituary with the following notification:
" Several deaths are unavoidably deferred."
The Legislature of Alabama has passed u
bill emancipating John Bell, the body isfei
vant of the late Wra. R. King, and tuthwi
izing him to remain in, the State.
:' ---vo. . . '.'.).