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THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL.
BY S. CLAIIK.
"Agriculture, Commerce, Manufactures"
50 In Advance.
PERRYSBURG, WOOD COUNTY, OHIO, MONDAY, MARCH 20, 1854.
A Biblical Reputation.
An old and valuable, correspondent, Mr.
Lord, who in now residing in 1 11 i noi s, was a
short time since, traveling from Jacksonville
to Peoria; in tliut State. As he was passing
a small hut by tin: roadside, he noticed a
ragged little boy, of about ten years of age,
with large eves and no hat, dressed in a worn
out nair of his father's trowsers. trving to
balance himself on the
More, for the purpose of breaking the
monotony of riding all day without speak
ing, than to gain information, Mr. Lord
runed his horse up to the fence, and ex
claimed. " My little boy, can you tell ine how far
it is to Sangamon bottom?"
" Tiout six miles, I reckon."
" Do you live in that house ?'' inquired Mr.
" I reckon," was the r"ply.
" Do you enjoy yourself out here in the
" A heap."
' What ails your pants?'' says Lord.
"Tore 'em," was the laconic answer.
Finding that he had hold of a genius that
couldn't be. plumbed, Mr. Lord turned his
horse's head to depart, but in his turn was
now hailed by the boy, who, in a comical,
lialf-reluctant tone, exclaimed,
' What mout your name be?"
Lord, was the reply
He grinned all over, even to the wrinkles!
in his father's trowsers, and seemed hardly
able to suppress abroad snicker.
"You seemed pleased," said Lord; "per
haps you never heard the name before ?''
"Yes, 1 have!" replied the youngster;
' l'vr hrnril ihiI rrnd tlhmtt. 1I01L '"
T,nnl nut sours to his horse, and savs
oven the sacred thoughts to which the inci-
dents gave rise, were not sufficient to keep
him from snickering the rest of his journey.
Grumbling at Advertisements.
The following sensible remarks
t mm the. Columbia Statesman :
Men, at times, are very unreasonable, and
often practice one. thing and preach another.
For example, a farmer has beef, com and!
to sell. Should a purchaser wish
beef without the bone, corn without the cob,
or tobacco without the stem, and this with-j
out paving an extra price over the regular
terms, the farmer very properly would regard
the. proposition as outrageous, and the spec-!
ulator as crazy. Yet men who buy and sell
the bone as well as the beef, and think it all
ri,.l,f fns in truth it is.) are sometimes
mimbling at newspaper publishers for re-'nal
fii:-in(' to do it. Owners ol newspapers re
fuse to sell corn without the cob, and beef
without the. bonp, unless an extra price is
paid, i. c. they refute to publish a newspaper
without advertisements. In doing this they
only do what their readers practice in all
matters of analagous character. Therefore,
when a man complains of us for having ad
vertisements in our paper, and expresses a
wish that they may all be taken out, and
reading matter sustituted, we avow our per
fect willingness to second his wishes on the
payment of an extra price. To ask us to ex
clude, all advertisements from our columns,
and yet to sell our paper at present prices,
would be as unreasonable as to ask one of
our farmers to sell ns beef without the bone,
at five cents per pound while everybody else
is selling both together at that sum. Do
you sec ?
In short, this is the question. Will you
liave a paper with advertisements, or no
paper at all? This is the true issue. The
hone as well as the beef, or nothing, for a
paper could no more be sustained without
advertisements than a farmer could raise a
crop without soil. With these few thoughts
for a text, every one of our readers can make
a sensible sermon on this subject.
The U. S. land office at Chillicothe, is to
be removed to Columbus 1st of April next.
Nebraska Soil, Climate, &c.
The Cleveland Herald publishes the follow
ing letter from our friend William Walker,
formerly well known and still fondly re
membered by many of our citizens, as con
nected with the Wyandot nation. The Her
ald styles him the "provisional Governor of
Nebraska." May that country never have a
less meritorious citizen at its helm of State !
The letter is of especial interest at the pres
West Jersey, Nebraska Ter'y, ?
January 22, 1854.
Dear Sin I received your letter of the
1th inst., and although pretty well overrun
with similar letters, some yet unanswered, I
feel bound to give precedence to enquirers
from the " Buckeye State."
The boundaries of the Territory, as at
present defined, are as follows, viz : Com:
mencing at a point on the Missouri in lati
tude 43 deg. and longitude 98 deg. west ;
thence running due west to 106 deg. into
the spurs of the Rocky mountains ; thence
south to the parallel of 36 deg. 30 min.;
thence east till you strike the Missouri and
Arkansas line ; thence north till you strike
the Missouri river; thence following the river
upward to the place ot beginning, touch is
the area of Nebraska. The following tribes
of Indians are within its limits, viz: rirst,
the indigenous Pawnees, Omahas, Ottoes,
Osages. Kansas, Missourias. Second, the
emigrants the Wyandotts, Shawnees, Del
awares, Miamies, KicKapoos, rottawotta
mies, Ottawas, Wed?, Piankeshows, Peorias,
Sacs, Foxes, Iowas. Such are the denizens.
Among the most of these are residing Indian
agents. Missionaries, (having charge of
flourishing schools,) Indian traders, govern
that;ment employees, &c,
It is a rich champaign country, oeautitul-
ly undulating and well watered, generally
well supplied with good building stone.
The soil is a rich loam with an admixture of
sand, and on the low lands the deepest sub-
soil ploughing would not show any differ
ience in color or quality of soil, amost in
i during the belief that there was no clay or
j gravel basis. Even the high ridges are. too
rich to grow wheat, rye, or oats upon, with
tobacco lout first subduing the soil with a crop or two
I of corn, tobacco, or hemp, after which fine
and abundant crops of the former may be
raised. The bottom lands are unsurpassed
I in richness and fertility; they are a black
alluvial soil, adapted to the culture of corn,
j hemp, tobacco, sweet potatoes, melons, &c.
; All the meadow grasses do well in this
country except red clover. The long autum-
droughts and the absence of snow in the
winter, render it an unprofitable grass to
cultivate. There is one item, and it is an
important one, that I cannot omit, as a faith
ful topographist, noticing as operating seri
ously against the durability of the soil, par
ticularly in hilly or broken lands that is
the absence of a substantial clay or basis.
The upper soil being of a light, loamy char
acter, is carried away by the rains, so heavy
and protracted in this country about plough
ing time. The rich part of the soil, when
under cultivation, is thus carried off to the
bottom lands, rivers and ravines ; and in a
few years present an unseemly sight of ster
ile knobs, fissures and gutters, yieldingjonly
abundant crops of burs and Spanish needles.
The timber lands are confined chiefly to
the streams. The timber is the usual varie
ty of oaks, hickory, walnut, hackberry, mul
bcrrv, coffee bean, box elder, ash, honey 16
cust, sveamore. The following timbers are
not to be found. Beech, white walnut (or
butter nut,) poplar, blue ash, chestnut, and
vcrv rarelv the sugar maple. On the bot
toms subiect to inundation, the tall cotton
wood, a timber of very rapid growth, and
which grows to an enormous
compared with the upland timber, equaling
" The talleit pine
Hewn from Norwegian hills, to be the mast
Of some great Admiral."
I have already indicated the agricultural
products, but I will remark en passant that
Irish potatoes cannot be successfully culti
vated, except upon new ground. Land,
cultivated two or three years will not yield
good crops, though the same ground will
yield abundantly any other product.
Fruit of all descriptions does well. In
short it is emphatically a fruit country the
finest, largest and richest wild fruit is found
in the greatest profusion. We can beat the
world " and part of Kentuck" for paw
It is to be regretted that we are frequent
ly deprived of the enjoyment of the Peach
crop, either by the late frost, or sleet so com
mon in this country. The scarcity of timber
will, for a while, be a drawback to a compact
settlement ; but there are to be found, as will
be demonstrated wherever a geolocical survey
shall be made, all the elements provided by
the God of nature to supply this deficiency;
such as stone for building and fencing, and
stone coal for fuel.
A few words upon the climate. I do not
know how to attempt a description. It is a
land of storms a climate combining the
extremes of cold and heat, and these marked
with great irregularity.
During the months of July and August,
the mercury ranges from 90 deg. to 120 deg.,
and during the months of December and
January (the coldest months) it is frequent
ly as low as 20 deg. below zero.
It is supposed our altitude and proximity
to the Mountains are the cause of it being
colder than farther east on the same parallels
We are seldom without wind, which in
the winter renders it unpleasant traveling
and in this country, which like all countries,
derive their charm from the elements of rural
beauty, foliage and verdure, offers a sad col
ored picture to the traveler in wintry weath
er. But we are compensated for these in
conveniences by fine roads for wheel car
riages, not artificial, but natural roads no
mud, mudholes.quagmires, marshes, swamps.
and the like. Labradorian as the climate is,
we seldom have snow enough to afford the
luxury of sleigh rides. Our rides are, there
fore, confined to buggies, barouches and on
horse or mule back.
There is no lands in market in this terri
tory, and will not be till after the organiza
tion by Congress, auch lands, in the mean
time, may be purchased of the Indians, will
be immediately surveyed and brought into
market. I think the emigrant tribes will
cede to the government their surplus lands
and enter into the territorial organization as
citizens. Ine Indians are not opposed to
the settling the unoccupied or unappropria
ted lands by the Anglo Saxons.provided their
own rights are respected. I have no doubt
but Congress will organize this Territory at
an early period, and the lands purchased
from the Indians, together with the unap
propriated lands belonging to the govern
ment, though set apart for Indian uses, will
be speedily brought into market. Then the
flattering prospects of the great Central
railroad to the Pacific, passing through this
region, will cause this territory to be filled
up with unexampled rapidity, when the
doors are opened. This is destined to be a
Like all new countries, emi
grants have to take a seasoning with the ever
prevailing Diuiousmiermiuenwevers. ai
it is healthy.
Young America. A little fellow about
five years old run across Vine street, near
Sixth, yesterday, and in his course run be-
tween the lore lpgs ot a norse, wnicn was
rapidly passing along. Prof. Tom. O. Ed
wards, who saw the occurrence, ran and
snatched the boy, supposing he was injured
in the attempt. But the boy, unhurt, pertly
ejaculated "Let him keep his horse out o:
my way ; what do I care.
Courtship and Wedlock.
Courtship is usually a mere school of de
ception. Jane prefers that John should know
as few of her faults as possible before mar
riage no 'matter how many afterwards.
She dresses and puts on unaccustomed smiles
to receive him. Ihus the. Jane he loves and
weds proves to be two different persons.
The former was angelic, the latter is alto
gether human. The life of the sweetheart is
brilliant surface : that of the wife, a sub
stance, dark and full of imperfections. The
over is no more candid than the mistress.
What is the natural result ? Bitter disap
pointment. Even where a good understand-
ng exists before marriage, and the bride and
the bridegroom have been wise enough to-
give each other a fair insight into their char
acters, they are apt to expect too much. j
They forget that there are certain counter
poises as to the fruit and flowers m the par
adise they are entering. For briars they are
no way prepared. It would seem they should
earn from those around them, since every
youth and maiden must have more or less
experience with the married, iiut every
man fully believes himself to be an object
of peculiar favor of woman. His case is
exception, his ambition aims at what was
never reached by married mortals,' and if he
oe no philosopher, the failure will taste ot
gall. " I compared notes with one of my
friends who expects everything in the uni
verse says Emerson, " and is disappointed
when anything is less than the best; and I
found that I began at the other extreme, ex
pecting nothing, and always full of thanks
for moderate goods." Would that all young
persons could learn to enter the sacred ground
r n I" - ? . .
oi weaiocK wiin mis punosopnic spiru: -But
they will not, nor never will. Hope is
too sweet for them, ihey will not stoop
till they stumble. Lofty expectation hovers
over the precipice ot disappointment, to
wards which so many of our married friends
have been lured, until too late to save them
selves from tumbling down.
A Husband in Trouble. A few days
since a lawyer in this city was seated ia
his office busily employed "in studying out a
plea when the door opened, and a young
stout son of Erin entered, doffed his hat, and
said he desired to take an advice of "his
honor." The lawyer bade him sit down,
and inquired his business.
" Shure . he replied, " I want a divorce
from my wife Biddy."
1 he lawyer asked what was the trouble.
but Pat seemed loth to tell.
" Does she not treat you well, does she
not take care of your house, has she deserted
you or does she like any one better than
yourself?" were inquiries made by the law
yer, who endeavored for some time in vain
to pump out the least reason of the desire
for a divorce. At last weary of the investi
gation, the desciple of Coke informed his
would be client that he could do nothing
for him without knowing the facts of the
" Well if 1 must I must,'' replied the hus
band : "sure ther's a little darlint Hove better
The lawyer could hardly refrain from
laughter sufficiently to inform the Hiberian
that the law could not touch such a case
as his, and Pat left with a countenance
"more of sorrow than of anger." Boston
Flap Jacks. cald a quart of Indian
meal with sufficient water to make a thin
batter. When it is lukewarm, stir in half
a pint of wheat flour, and a gill of yeast,
and a teaspoonful of salt ; let it stand over
night. If sour in the morning, add a little
saleratus, dissolved in water. Allow two
tablespoonfulls of batter to a eake, and fry
them in butter or nice lard enough to pre
vent them from sticking to the frying pan.
Eat them while hot with butter aad molas
ses, or sugar.