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34 THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL.
MONDAY, APRIL 10, 1854.
BINDING. Subscribers who wish to have
the first volume of the Ferrysburg Journal
bound, can have it well done for $1 by leav
ing the papers at this office. We can supply
missing numbers to a limited extent.
Change of Publication Day.
Hereafter we will put our paper to press on
Friday evening, and publish it on Saturday
morning. Advertisements should be sent in
by Thursday morning.
JSKVVe are indebted to Hon. A. P. Ed
oerton, our polite and attentive member of
congress, for valuable public documents,
among which is a copy of the Census of the U.
States, a large quarto volume of 1022 pages.
Cleveland and Ohio City have voted for
a union by nearly 2000 majority.
JErThe territories of Kansas and Nebras
ka are divided by the parallel of 40 deg. north
latitude, by the Nebraska bill, as it passed
the senate. All that part of the U. S. terri
tory not yet embraced in any territorial gov
ernment, lying south of that parallel, is to
be called the territory of Kansas, and all
north of said parqllel to be known as Ne
braska. The governor and judges in each territory
are to be appointed by the president of the
United Slates, and thj governor has the veto
power ; but a bill may be passed over the
veto by a vote of two-thirds of both branch
es, of the territorial legislature.
The governor and judges not being elected
by the people nor at all responsible to them,
we see no propriety in the pretence that the
question of slavery in the territories is left
to the decision or control of the people. It
is not. Individuals may introduce it, but
" the people" would have no direct, lawful
means to prohibit its introduction, and but
a poor prospect of the success of the indirect
and round about means granted them. The
most direct and immediate control of the
matter is placed under the care of officers
appointed by the federal government. This
being the fact, aside from other reasons, the
slavery restriclioa of the Missouri compro
mise ousht to b3 retained.
But above and beyond all minor conside
rations of detail, stands the fact that the
Missouri compromise was entered into as a
solemn compact between the north and the
south, binding upon the good faith and hon
or of both, understood and declared to be ir
repealable, to last " forever." The language
is, slavery shall be " forever prohibited." It
is not simply a question of slavery or free
dom, but it is also one of honor. What sense
of honor does any public man display, either
north or south, who is willing to sec such a
compact as this wantonly repealed and ab
rogated in defiance of the public faith and
the most emphatic demonstrations of the
public voice everywhere in the north? Is
this the love some men profess for labor and
the working man ?
Toledo Nursery. This is probably one
of the most complete collections of all kinds
of choice fruit and ornamental trees, shrubs,
arid plants, in the western country ; and the
enterprising proprietors are determined to
eep it complete in every department by
constantly making large additions. People
ff Wood county cannot do batter than to
make liberal selections from the immense
collection of trees in this nursery. The pro
prietors furnish all those wishing to purchase
villi a large catalogue, by mean of which
on can readily select whatever may best
b'-'.'H his taste or fdncy.
3U you want a Hat from the best es
tablishment in the country, either east or
west, go to Tolman's, whose card you will
find in this paper. Besides his own manu
facture, he has the latest styles from the most
celebrated eastern establishments, and his
Conformateur (a curious invention) gives
you a perfect fit invariably.
JiT-The Cincinnati Enquirer has a fair 1st
of April story, of the discovery in that city
of a pctrefied human body by some men in
digging a cellar. The story goes down, we
see, in some of the papers.
Graham's Magazine. Graham for April
is before us. It contains a continuation of
Headley's Life of Washington ; life of Brig.
Gen. John Lacey, together with a great vari
ety of other interesting articles. Graham is
still ahead ot all the other monthlies.
An election for a member of congress took
place in the New Bedford district, Mass., on
the 3d inst. Thomas D. Elliott, whig, it is
said is elected over Howland, the free soil
and native candidate.
The last survivor of the battle of Lexing
ton died in Boston, on the 26th ult. His
name was Jonathan Harrington, and upon
his decease the legislature of Massachusetts,
the military, the masonic bodies, ecc, atten
ded his funeral.
The last anniversary of the birth of Wash
ington was observed at Constantinople, fori
the hrst time. All the loreign ships ot war
displayed their flags at their "mastheads, and
at noon the U. S. frigate Levant fired a salute,
which was answered by all the foreign ships
of war in port.
Factory Burned. The woolen factory of
Matthias Cummins, at Mt. Vernon, O., was
burned last week, with its entire contents.
T.nss pst i mn tpil a t iSil 1 f"!fiO .in1 nn incnraiipp
The factory was doing a successful business.
A fellow named Timothy Wadsworth has
been arrested on suspicion of having set fire
to the factory.
A Goon Speculation. It is stated that a
leading house in Boston, some time since,
purchased in Russia about $25,000 worth of
hemp which will soon arrive, for which they
have been offered 8100,000, leaving them a
profit of nearly $75,000 ! The eastern war,
by stopping the exportation of Russian hemp,
has raised the price of the article greatly.
The Gadsden treaty is undergoing a search
ing investigation in the U. S. senate. It is
said to involve more corruption than was
ever before rolled into one lump, before con
gress. The prospect of its ratification be
comes small by degrees and beautifully less.
The New York Crystal Palace. The
crystal palace directors have agreed to apply
to the legislature for an extension of its char
ter. The committee of investigation have
reported that the association owes about
$170,000, and that the loss bv the exhibition
this year, is over 8119,000, 'or about 8384
per day. It appears that the company has
sunk its whole capital, $130,000, all its re
ceipts, about 8380,000, and is in debt 8170,
000 total 81,039,000. Bad speculation.
Trustees John Bates 220, Henry Thorn
ton 227, Marshall Ky, Jr., 218.
Assessor Ebor Wilson 180, D. Ladd 45.
Treasurer Lewis M. Hunt 115, F. R. Mil
Clerk James Hood 216.
Constables (3 elected) Nelson Darlin"
122, Jesse Williams 118, George Knoll 115,
R. M. Shaner 114, Louis Nelis 101.
Whole number of votes cast, 108.
Mayor Addison Smith 88, G.W.Baird 71.
Recorder John Powers 82, W m.Fuery 75.
Council, (5 elected) S. D. Westcottl50,
John Yager, 102. E. Gralium 85. AsherCook
84, Jarvi3 Spaflbrd 79, Julius Blinii 73, E.
Huntington G7, Rodolphus Frederick 68, Da
vid Wilkison 58.
Against Annexation - . 59
A New Motive Power. The Worces
ter Spy furnishes the following description
of a new motor, invented by a mechanic of
that city, which, it is thought by persons
competent to judge, will be made to super
cede the steam engine by reason of its greater
economy in the consumption of fuel, con
venience and safety :
The machine is called the " vapor engine,"
and the propelling power is produced by the
expansion of air in cylinders by the appli
cation of steam. The invention comprises
two features, one entirely mechanical, the
other chemical. The first consists of the
peculiar arrangement of the valves, by which
the atmospheric resistance of the "exhaust"
is not felt, consequently a saving of fifteen
lbs. to the square inch, is effected, which in
common practice is equivalent to a saving
of 33 per cent. The peculiar mechanical
structure of the valves, anil their connec
tions, are. also prominent features in the in
vention on the score of wear and tear.
The chemical feature, is that of rendering
atmospheric nir more sensitive to the action
of caloric, than is laid down in the books,
viz: doubling its volume under a tempera
ture of 212 dog.; whereas, a temperature of
400 deg. his been considered requisite to di
late air to twice its normal volume. It is
claimed by the inventor, that the combina
tion of these two inventions gives a result
as six to one in favor of his invention, over
the ordinary steam engine, and an explosion
cannot ocycur from carelessness, in the use
of the engine.
Anti-Nebraska Victory in Columbus.
The Charter election of Monday at the Cap
ital, resulted in an unprecedented triumph
for the Whig candidates. The entire Whig
ticket, save one councilman, was elected.
The Journal says that this is the direct effect
of the call of the Locofoco Central Commit
tee, a few weeks since, for a meeting which
should give " a correct expression of the
Democratic sentiment, at the .center of the
Mr. Keim.a member of that Committee,
who lent his name to the call, was on Mon
day a candidate for Justice of the. Peace.
Mr. Juckocli was the Whig candidate, and
Nebraska necessarily became the question, re
sulting in the defeat of Mr. Keim, by more
than 300 votes. In the 5th Ward, having a
heavy German vote, and usually giving 270
Locofoco majority, Mr. Keim was beaten
110 votes. One year since, parties in Co
lumbus, were 41 neck and neck," The. Jour
nal does not claim it a complete Whig vic
tory, for other elements were at work.
All the people ask, is to claim it as an
Anti-Nebraska victory, and just such a vic
tory as awaits every contest, in which the
masses can get "a crack'' at the Adminis
Sale of Real Estate in New York.
For the seven months ending March 31st,
the sales at the Merchant's Exchange, by
auction, amounted to more than seven mil
lions and a quarter, (87,299,970.) To ac
complish this, nine auction houses and firms
are engaged, at the Exchange, from 12 to 2
o'clock, in selling to the highest bidder.
Besides these public sales there are about
one hundred real estate agents in the city,
engaged in selling at private sale. If the
amounts sold by them be half as much as
by public sale, the gross amount for the
seven months would exceed ten millions ;
and for a year, at the same rate, eighteen and
a half millions of dollars.
Brooklyn us extended, contains about
200,000 people, and as it grows about as fast
as New York, il may fairly be supposed to
come up, in sales of real estate, to more than
half the amount sold in that city. This
would give an aggregate of twenty-eight
millions, to represent the amount paid for
real estate ut that great commercial mart
represented by the two cities. As the fall
and winter are the favorite seasons for this
kind of business, it is fair to infer that the
amount above given would not be over the
mark, unless the sales at Jersey City and the
numerous flourishing suburbs above New
York Island, were brought into the estimate.
The sales of reel estate in and near
Toledo, th'j past year, will amount to about
seven hundred thousand dollar. Theamount
of sales, probably for the year to come, will
exceed a million, J Blade.
The Czar in Rejoinder. The Czar most
positively declares, in an article in the St.
Petersburg Gazette, that he had communica
ted all his plans in a non-official way to the
English government before Prince Menchi
koff had gone to Constantinople, and is now
astonished at the affectation of virtuous indie-nation
of Lord John Russell and his col
leagues, who knew of his intentions before
hand. He alludes pointedly to some non
official communications, and hints that their
object was the partition of Turkey. Lord
John became unwell when he received the
serious charges of duplicity brought against
mm ny inn czar, and a complete communi
cation of the correspondence can alone sate
him. London Cor. of N. Y. Trib.
American Steel. Mr. Thaddeus Selleck.
well known as un ing'-nious iron-master, in
forms us that lie has just succeeded in makim
cast tteel, of the finest quality, from the ore
of the. Franklinite lion Company, Franklin
township, Sussex co., N. J. Said ore was
deoxydized at Sidney forge, in Sussex co., aiul
then melted at the Adirondak steel-work.
Jersey City, and the product of this melting
is pronounced by the bist judges equal to unv
cast steel in market. We are not aware that
any steel, no matter of what - quality, was
ever made so easily and cheaply befoie. We
trust this is the beginning of the emancipa
lion of this country from her long depend
ence on England lor steel. We ufcj as-suret
that fine razors, equal to the b-st imported,
have already been made of this stud, from
ore once melted with anthracite alone, at a
cost far below the present price of steel in
any marktt. If there be no mistake in this,
the production of this steel is un event in
our national growth of more real importance
than me Da tile ol Iew Urleans. It will
doubtless draw the attention of metallurgists
generally to the possibility of making steel
Irom fit ores or combinations of ores, at lav
less expense than the. process has hitherto in
volved. N. Y. Tribune.
All They are Worth. T1ij Philadelphia
Post says that at a large sale of Shanghai and
other fancy chickens in that city, recently,
birds of pure breed, were knorked down ot
from 25 to 75 cents each. What shall by
the next humbug? If our (linker City friends
are any way anxious for n little something
extra in that line, we can furnish them with
any number of "gift enterprises,'' and if they
can imagine any bigger humbug, Shanghais
included, we will throw in Peiham and th
Seven Mile Mirror, including the 97,000
hand-books sold atone dollar each cost, one
cent, value to the lucky ticket-holders, one
thousandth of one mill.
A friend of ours yesterday received 17
tickets, at a cost of 50 cents postage, u
opened them in our office and found the fol
lowing prizes for his 817 :
1 Gold Pen, value 25 cents.
2 Engravings, value 12 J cents.
' 11 Handbooks, value What ?
Another individual bought up 70 tickets
from the operatives in a lactory, since the
grand humbug of putting the tickets in en
velopes and numbering them, which cun Ik
changed by every fellow who has the hand
ling of them, and what do you think consti
tuted his assortment of prizes? Easily told.
Just 70 handbooks, and nothing else. But.
notwithstanding there ure 77 blanks to a
prize, there, ure just that proportion of fools
in society to patronize these stupendous
humbugs. N. V. Tribune.
Hens that Lay. Eighty hens, belonging
to Capt. Thomas A. Norton, of Yarmouth,
Mass., have laid during tl;e year past, 637
dozen eggs. At the average mice of et't-s.
that would ho about 81.25 lor each lien.-
i Wonder if they are Shanghais, and if any of
them hatched any chickens in the same time.
It strikes us that this is decidedly a profita-
bio lot of hens. We wish there wen a few
more of the same sort. N. Y. Tribune.
Green j.as and Ftrawbertis have made
th. ir appee.raiue. in New York coming from
Savannah and Florida. The season, south, is
represented as having been very favorable for
the grow 111 ot early lruits.
Lafayette, Ind., is soon to bo lighted with
gas. The contractors aro there, and will
commence! the erection of gns works as soon,
as suitable grounds can ua obtained,