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THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL. 35
Russia. Population 05,931,970. Troops
of the line 591,000. Irregulars 412,000. To
tal force in 1818-1,006,000.
The navy is composed of 45 ships of the
line, and 30 frigates.
Turkey. Population 35,350,000 : of these
about two-thirds arc. Mussulmans. The ar
my, in time of peace, is composed of 448,
860 men, but may b-; increased in time of
war to about 000,030.
The navy consists of 4 ships of the first
class, 13 of the second, und 14 frigates,
mounting 32SG guns, and carrying about 17,
England and her dependencies comprise a
population of 135,032,010; of which about
one hundred millions are in their East India
possessions. The regular army embraces
about 103.000 increased by the aid of irreg
ulars as circumstances may require.
The. British navy consists of 403 ships and
vessels, forming an aggregate of 500,000 tons.
France. The population of France is put
down at. 30,591,190.
Tin; army on the. first of January, 1853,
amounted to 502,990, which, with the " re
s 'rves," so called, constitute an aggregate of
The French navy consists of about 120
ships, all in the highest state of efficiency.
Austria. The Austrian army, reserves
included, is a little short of 000,000 men.
The navy consists ot 27 vessel
510 puis. Population 37,533.753.
Prussia has a population of 10.310,025.
The army comprises 014,000 men. The navy
is vet to be inaugurated.
Denmark. Population 2,450,000. The
nominal strength of the army isstuted to be
32,781 men. The navy consists of about 37
vessels, carrying 970 guns.
Sweden and Norway comprise a popula
tion of about 5.000,000. The army consists
of about 31,000 men.
The navy comprises about 00 vessels of all
classes, and 400 guns.
It is not to be supposed that general war
even would bring all these forces into action,
yet the aggregate presents a striking picture
of the manner in which the world is govern
ed. Here are nearly four millions of men
employed to k"ep a few states in order!
New York. April 4. The steamship Bal
tic hasarrixed ; she left Liverpool on the 23d.
Flour, demand limited; wheat dull, fM de
cline ; com oil to 4d decline.
The first division of French troops had
sailed from Marseilles for Turkey. The Prus
sian loan was all taken. Baron Tuell'el had
made a communication to the. Prussian cham
bers, insisting on Prussian neutrality. Aus
tria gives no further indication of her policy.
She is still apparently with the western
powers. Up to the 10th of Much, Russia
had not recognized Sweden's neutrality. A
Paris correspondent says that the Czar's re
fusal of the British and French demand to
evacuate the Principalities was telegraphed
from Berlin on the ISlh to the French gov
ernment, and that as soon as known, the
British minister sent a notification of the
fact to Sir Charles Napier at Copenhagen.
The. Austerlitz of 100 guns, ami three other
French ships have sailed to join the British
fleet in the Baltic.
The official refusal of the Czar was hourly
expected in London, and when it arrived, it
would hi communicated to both houses of
parliament, and war formally declared.
Admiral Napier's fleet arrived at Wingo
Mound on the 15th. No further movements
the Black Sea or the Danube. A rumor
of the capture of a Russian treasure, convoy
at Caras, had reached Constantinople. The.
Greek insurrection is settled. A Paris cor
respondent says that 3000 British troops were
to ra?s inrnuiz i franco toeinuaricai 101 on.
joru r.agaiuu was expected in l ans on me
first of April. A communication of the
secret correspondence had incieased the good
feeling in France, towards England. The
Globe says the Turkish loan of "2,000,000,
was taken to-day by Rothschilds ut 81 the
stock to be, re-imburscd at par in 15 years
from date of issue. It pays yearly 9 per cent.
Hartford, April 0. The senate will stand
whigs 17; democrats 4. House, whigs and
free soilers 132; democrats 94,
The following extract is from a letter of
recent date, written by an American gentle
man now in London. It gives a brief sketch
of 6ome of the persons present at the dinner
recently given by Mr. Sanders to the repub
lican leaders who are now in that city, ex
iles from their native land. The writer
It was oue of the most interesting meet
ings I ever attended. It was a gathering
such as I never probably shall see again,
and I accepted the invitation with much
pleasure, however much I might have felt
at liberty to differ with them and him in
their policy. Several Americans were pres
ent, and anions them Mr. Buchanan. Some
of the papers here wanted to know what the
American Minister was doing among this
' band of conspirators. " As far as this
matter is concerned it is nobody's business,
and as long as he does his duty to his coun
try and the government to which lie is ac
credited, no one. has a right to complain
when, where, or with whom he dines. The
principal persons present were Kossuth,
Mazzini, Jyidru uolun, Orsini, Garabaldi,
Pulzsky, Worcell and llertzen.
Kossuth we know all about in the United
States. His conduct there was anything but
creditable to himself as a leader, and he was
obliged to leave the country in a very un
dignified way. He is a very pleasant man
in society, and talks well and with great
earnestness. He. has an air of modesty and
calmness about him that is very winning,
and is well calculated to. make a great im
pression at first sight.
Ledru Rolliu, the great French socialist
and leader, is a man calculated to produce a
marked sensation. He is large in person
and line loouing. lie. speaks English very
badly, and it was quite funnv to hear him
murdering the Eng'iish, and I in turn the
French. I could understand nearly all h
said to me in French, which, I fear, is more
than he did when I spoke to him in the same
Pulzsky, you know, is the reison who
accompanied Kossuth in America, and is
a very agreeable person.
Worcell, the Polish leader, and Hertzen,
the Russian, are men of great character anc
energy, and, although they were not able to
indulge much in conversation, produced
very favorable impression.
Orsini, the Italian, is the handsomest man
I ever saw. His face is a perfect study.
He is of one of the oldest families in Italy
and no doubt you will remember having
often read of Orsinis at Rome. He could
not talk u word of English, and vet he seemec
to enjoy everything that passed, as much as
it it find been a meeting of Ins own coun
But the. one I liked most of all was Gara
oaldi. lie completely captivated the com
pany. He dressed very plainly, not even
deigning to put on a shut collar. Keinarka
bly expressive, his face lights up as he begins
a sentence, und before ht; concludes, there
seems to In a perfect illumination around
him. lie is emphatically a practical man
and, instead of remaining stationary, as the
rest of the republican leaders seem to be.
doing, looking on, it is true with intense
anxiety for the ' good time coming," he
quietly pursuing his profession, and earning
money ior his children s support. He is
sailor, and brought a ship from the United
States to tins country.
Sir Joshua Walmsley, a liberal member
Parliament, was also present. Mazzini
one of the most accomplished men I ever
met. lie played upon th ; guitar and sang
Italian battle, songs with great taste and
spirit. After twelve. o'clock,"Washington's
birth-day, they all sang the Marsellaise, and
as they warmed up with the progress of the
their excitement and enthusiasm be
came very treat. It was altogether a most
singular gathering, and a very pleasant and
Hon. David Tod, ex-Minister to Brazil,
out in very decided terms against the Doug
las Nebraska bill. He considers it anti
Democratic and uncalled for, and thinks
that Douglas could not have more effectually
killed himself if he had cut both jugular
veins. That shows good sense and sound
judgment in the ex-Minister. O. S. Jour.
For some days past the newspapers of
Cincinnati have been publishing fierce at
tacks upon Governor Medill for pardoning
three rowdy scoundrels of that city, who
were confined for their offences in the Ham
ilton county jail. These persons were, active
electioneered, and their assistance was spe
cially necessary at the polls on the day of
election. The term of their imprisonment
would have expired an Monday at noon,
but that would be too late for operations,
and it bscame necessary to get them out as
soon as Saturday. They were pardoned out
by papers issuing from the Governor's office,
and hence the charge of improper interfer-
lerence against him.
The State Democrat of this morning con
tains an explanation of the manner in which
this operation was performed. Olhcer Hay
man presented himself at the Governor's
office last week, and asked for the pardon of
the three rowdies. Gov. Medill was sick and
not in a condition to be seen ; but his private
Secretary, Ellis, told Hayman that the Gov
ernor had no power to pardon where persons
were confined in the county jails, &c. Hay-
man insisted he had the power. Ellis told
him the Governor was sick and could not
be approached on business. Hayman replied
that his private Sacretary had the power to
issue the proper papers. Ellis said there
was no petition or evidence that the pardon
was desired. Hayman then wrote out a
petition and got Robinson, the Sergeant-at-
Arms, of the House, and Messrs. Langdon,
Cross, Ridgway, Brown and Egley, members
of the House, to sign it. Thereupon Ellis
filled out the necessary paper granting a full
pardon to these scamps. Hayman departed,
and in due time the prisoners were discharg
ed, and no doubt did good business at the
Such is tne history of the case as given
by authority. Gov. Medill knew nothing
of it. But what will be thought of the con
duct of the private Secretary, who has thus
assumed the prerogative of the Governor,
and has undertaken to pardon criminals I
We call the attention of the Legislature to
this subject. It is of grave importance, and
should not be overlooked. We have indeed
arrived at a strange pass if such acts are to
be winked at. It may have been mere heed
lessness, but it is none the less reprehensi
ble. O. S. Journal.
Important Union. The West Pa. Staats
Zeitung, the German Whig paper of Pitts
burgh, and the Pittsburgh Courier, the organ
of the Democracy, have united, and will
hereafter occupy Whig ground, and support
the Whig ticket. The Nebraska bill has
forced them to this act. The editors of the
Democratic paper say, in their declaration
of principles, that " they have for some time
been compelled to differ with the Democratic
party, on account of its evident yielding
and truckling to Papacy, and its evident al
liance with Slavery. They say the Whig
party possesses more of the elements of true
progress, more real Democracy, and better
guaranties for the continuation of our re
publican government than the Democratic
These views are becoming of a general
character among the German population of
the nation, and this movement is but the
precursor of others that will have a signifi
cance in the future politics of the Union.
fO. S. Jour.
Lodge of Colored Masons. A Masonic
Lodge of colored membeis was instituted in
Richmond, la., on Monday evening of last
week. There were quite a number of very
respectable looking gentlemen in attendance,
but we have not heard of any of the partic
ulars of the organization. They received their
charter from the Grand Lodge of England,
and are there received as full and acceptable
members of the " mystic tie."
They ore trying to make a new tax law
th House, and when in committee of the
Whole yesterday they refvsed to exempt the
Fair grounds and buildings thereon, useel ex
clusively for Agricultural Fair purposes,
from taxation. They also voted to tax Col
leges and Academies. There is every pros
pect of the bill being a magnificent speci
men of legislation. 0. S. Jour.
Governor Seymour's Veto-Message.
In this sheet Bppears the message of Gov
ernor Seymour, returning to the New York
Senate with his objections, the Temperance
bill. The message has been carefully drawn
up, and presents very clearly, and at suffi
cient length, the principal objects urged by
the opposers of the measure. It will bit
read with much interest the more so, as
the discussion hitherto has been carried on
principally by the friends of the Maine law.
and little has been published on the other
side of the question.
It will be seen that the objections of Gov
ernor Seymour to the bill are, in substance
That the right of the citizen to be secure
from unreasonable searches, which is guaran
teed to him by the constitution, is violated
by the provisions of the bill, which author
izes, merely lor the sake ot discovering evi
dence of the possession of intoxicating
iquors, intrusions and searches in domicile.
which it is not lawful to break open and
enter, even in case of murder and other
That the seizure of liquors, followed by
their forfeiture and destruction, as directed
by the bill, is contrary to that provision of
the constitution which torbuls the taking of
private, property " without compensation
and due process of law,''
ihat, contrary to the constitution, the
bill compels persons suspected of offences
against its provisions to become vitnesse.s
That the bill provides for pronouncing
sentence against persons suspected of being
concerned in the saleot intoxicating liquors,
without the complete proof, which, m other
criminal cases, is always required by law.
Ihat the extreme severity ot the provis
ions of the bill will prevent its due execu
tion in many places, make it difficult every
where, and finally in all probability, lead to
the general neglect of its enforcement.
The probability now is, that the bill will
not become a law. fN. Y. Post.
Legal Decisions. The Common Pleas of
Cuyahoga county have decided that the pio
visions of the New Code have no applica
tion to proceedings against water craft.
This decision was made on the ground that
the code provides for actions between per
sons only, natural or artificial, and makes
no provisions for actions against things, or
for commencing any action by such process
as a warrant of seizure issued against a mere
thi?ig, and therefore actions against water
craft can be prosecuted only under the stat
ute which specially authorises such proceed
ings. Cin. Gaz.
Judge Nash decided last week (says the
Gallipolis Journal of March 23) in the case
of Wm. F. Carroll vs. the State of Ohio,
that a Justice of the Peace had no authority
to assess a fine on a plea of guilty, in cases
where the magistrate had not exclusive juris
diction. Magistrates will do well to recol
lect this, and whenever an individual is
before them, charged with any crime or
offence over which they have not exclusive
jurisdiction, to send them up.
Prune your Grape-Vines. March is thr.
best time to prune vines. If you want fruit,
cut away old wood. The fruit is produced
on side shoots that come out from buds on
shoots of last year's growth, hence in large
vines old wood should be cut away, where it
can be done without reducing the amount of
young wood too much also slender shoots
of last year's growth, only leaving strong,
healthy shoots, as many as the age and sizo
of the vine will sustain, and as the space
will warrant. These shoots should be short
ened to within four or six buds of their base,
according to their strength and number, .ex
cept where it is desired to train the vine to
a greater height or distance, in which case
the shoots may be left nearly their whoU
length, only shortening them back to a good
strong bud. If you spare the knife you will
grow a fine, thick shade of leaves and few
grapes. IN. Y. lribune.
The latest style of fashionable pantaloons
in New York is described " a light grey
ground, with castle of Heidelburg in dark
blue, on one leg, and Mount Vesuvius vom
iting forth fire on the other,''