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36 THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL.
Czar Nicholas's Reply to Louis Napoleon.
St. Peteksbur, Jan. 28, (Feb. 9.) Siuk :
I cannot better reply to jour Majesty than
by repeating, as they belong to me, the words
with which your letter terminates, our re
lations ought to be sincerely amicable, and
should be based upon the same intentions
the maintenance of order, the love of peace,
respect for treates, and reciprocal good feel
ing." Your Majesty, in accepting this pro
gramme, as I had traced it, says that you re
main faithful to it. I dare believe, and my
conscience tells me so, that 1 have not ex-
ight clash with
i i . i . r . .. . a l. . jv . : l 1
eeeueci us limits; ior, in me anuir men
division between us, the origin
v. Iiirh is not In be Attributed to me. 1 have.
. . . . - ,
i-nvm.i,i n m-,;,,),,;,! v. hii ,1,1
with Framv. and T have nlwavs endeavored
"1 . 1 1-1 V A 1 - 1 1
to avoid anvininc winca line,
the religion profosseJ bv vour
I I 111 VI- i U 1(11 111' IIlM I II It'll. lilt 111 I It-" it I I
m. . ... " t
all the concessions, both ot lorra and sub-
stance, compatible with my honor ; and,
-i m iia far mv rnvp oumists in ' in kev IV
0 - "V c-
confirmation of the rights and privileges
which they have long acquired at the price
of Russian blood, I claimed nothing which
was not confirmed by treaties. If the Porte
had been left to himself, the difference which
has so long kept Europe in suspense would
iiave been solved. A fatal influence has
thrown everything into confusion. By pro
voking gratuitous suspicions, by txciting the
fanaticism of the Turks, and by deceiving
their government as to my intentions, and
the real scope of my demands, it has so ex
aggerated the extent of the questions, that
the probable result seems to be war. Your
Majesty must allow me not to enter
niueii in ueitui imu me eiicuuiBiaiu es us
they present themselves to you in your let
ter, in which those circumstances are mark
i . i . . -i
n. i rn t .-Npvpva i a rrc nn mr nqrr nniirpf a tpii
V. 14 ... 1. L . r ,.4U4 Ul. W.4 4.4, .'L44L. Ul-.' I.'4.W4UI. U
with little accuracy, according to my opin
ion, and more than one fact perverted, would
require, in order to be properly rectified, at
least as I conceive, long developments, into
which it would not be proper to enter in a
correspondence between sovereign and sove
reign. For instance, your Majesty attributes to
the occupation of the Principalities the evil
of having suddenly transported the question
from the region of discussion to that of fact
but your Majesty leaves out of view the. cir
cumstance that "this occupation, still purely
conditional, was preceded, and in a great
measure caused, by a very important previ
ous fact the appearance of the combined
fleet in the vicinity of the Dardanellee; and
besides this,-much before the period, whenEng
land hesitated to assume a hostile attitude,
TVTr.:,.. ii. :::4:.. : . 1:
iuui mojcij luuh me imuumc ui &cnuiu
fleet.as far asSalamis. This wounding
demonstration certainly exhibited little con-jthe
tidence m me. it was calculated to encour
ege the Turks, and to paralyze beforehand the
success of negotiations, by giving them the
idea that France and England were ready to
.support their cause under all circumstances.
In the same way your Majesty makes
appear that the explanatory commentaries
my cabinet upon the Vienna note rendered
it impossible for France and England to re
commend its adoption by the Porte ; but
your Majesty may recollect that our com
mentaries followed, and did not precede, the
pure and simple non-acceptance of the note,
and I believe that the Powers were so little
seriously desirotvs cf peace that they confined
themselves to the claims of the pure and
simple adoption of that note, instead of al
lowing the Porte to modify what he had pre
viously adopted without change. Besides,
if any point of our commentaries had given
rise, to dnnculties, 1 olrereu a satisiactory so-1
lution to them at Olmutz, and such was
considered by Austria and Prussia. Unfor
Uinately in the interval, a part of the Anglo
French fleet had already entered the Darda
nelles, under the metext 01 there wotectinc
, ,.' . . . , 4 -
thf livrs nnr! Tirnnprt ips nt Knahsh firm
... ----- r- d,t ,
French subjects ; and in onto to allow the
wnoie to enter, witnoui violating me. xreaty
of 1S11, it was necessary that the Ottoman'
nvi.rnnif.nt chnnl.. .Whir .war ntrnlnc n
- v.-r.-... ""-
My opinion is, that if France and England
had desired peace as much as I, they would;
at any cost have prevented the declaration!
.f war,' or, when war was once declared,
harp, takpii rhrr that it. should have been re-
strained within the narrow limits to which
wished to confine it on the Danube, so that
I-might not be compelled by force to aban
don the purely defensive system which I
wished to adopt. But from the moment
when the Turks were allowed to attack our
Asiatic territory, to carry away one of our
frontier posts, (even before the term fixed for
the commencement of hostilities,) to block
ade Akhalttzik, and to ravage the province
of Armenia from the moment when thei
Turkish fleet were allowed to transport
I the attitude adopted by the two Poweis, and1
the result certainly could not liave been un-
expectod. Ihad declared my wish to remain
' .i .:.. i,tur.I l,.mn(
troops, arms, and munitions of war to our
masts, rnnlil it hr vpnsnnnlilv boned that we
I . . . . J . ..
nas:si10ud Avait patiently the result ot such at
excited oftempt? "Was it not to be supposed that we
Ll...i.i n ..11 ,t 9
ISI'UUIU UU (111 f IUUIU IU MDHIll I :
m . . n- . i 1 4
!ti. ...i t. ,i ..fi
-. 1 I 1. . 1 .A 11 tr . I -t 1.
IL'LU'U. 1 ilUU HU H.:U 111 lU iJ i'-iiiuin
npon the defensive, but before war hvolwout,!
mia,faras mv honor and my interests could
I : ; .1.. l i,,
I If 1 1111 l JUL- IU IIU MJ, IIUU n.1 IN-
was restrained wit un certain limns, lias an
I i i-i i i t i t ,
prevent these limits being exceeded. If llie;
S r . . ,
character of spectator, or even tliat ot media-,
, , 1 ,, . 'f nn i
tor, was not sulheient lor vour Majest , end
c nr . i i "i ,.t
lfvnnr IaircliT wKhoi t n lllrn 111) t he. arilieil
... ' . . .,,i i
dll.Milrlll Ul J 1 1 l-lltlllic,", nil ll, .Til.., .
liave been more, honorable and more worthy
of you to have told me. so frankly beforehand,
by 'declaring war against me. Each of us
would then" have known the part lv had to
play. But is it an equitable proceeding for
those to make a crime ot that event, alter it
has bannened. which thev did nothinfc to.
1 ' Tl. , . e ...
prevent? It the cannon-shot of hinope ie-.
verberated painfully on the hearts of those
who in France, and in England appreciate;
, i -, 1 it , ... 41,:.,1.
tbp. national rlifinlv. does vour Maiestv think
r- j7 -- . .
. i . .1 . 1 4 v.. 1 Hn
I.MOT T I 1 1 1VH. 11 HI .!.(. I '. 1(1 1.11' .'IIII.1III1'
.. . . . . ,1 1,1 I ii
report ot their entry into the black bea re-
main without echo in the heart3 of the nation
whose honor I have to defend ?
I learn from vour Maje
time, (ior the verbal declaration
vour proposals for an armistice, the lmme
your h.- t PV!lf.a1inn of the. Princir.alit.es. and
negotiation with the Porte of a conven-
... , c il ii . 1 I,!,
ot the Bosphorus of the three, thousand X e-j
cesot cannon ot wnicn you spcah. a m me,
stv for the first!
uations made to
x . 1 t I
me up to tnis periou na e naue uu -,
lusions ) that wlule protecting he reniforce-ir)U
merit of luvkish troops upon their own tcr-;
ntory, the two PoNyers have resolved to 1"
to us the navigation of t he Liack bea
-that is to say, apparently to take from us
the right ot strengthening our own coasts
I leave it to your Majesty to consider if tliatj,
U , .. . . . . . - I irt ,,.ai. lrta. 1 nto t ho inn.
UC, CIS JV ULl SU , II
elusion of peace
which is placed before
discuss, or even
the wav to facilitate the con-!
ce and if, in the alternative!
ice, unu ii, in unci, i
Hi before me, I am permitted to
m to examine for a moment,
tion to be submitted to a comerence oi ii
i.v...,..-. - ii, nn r vmi -rn it. 1 1 tiro u
IUIIL 1 U.H IS ; I. ULtUI J UU, J VUl.T IX, 13 14V, 44
you were in my place, accept such a propo
sition ? Would your national feelings allow
you to do so? I boldly answer, Tso 1 Allow
me, then, in my turn, the right of thinking
as you would think yourself. "Whatever
your Majesty may decide, menaces will not
induce me to recede.
My confidence is in God and my right,
and Russia, as I can guarantee, will prove
herself in 1851 what she was in 1812. If,
has wounded my feelings in the past. Then,
cirf Vint l.fn nnlv vi inav rlisnieq. and Tier-
h ' we may coine toan understanding. It
your eet umit jtse"
however your Majesty, less indifferent to my
honor, should frankly return to my pro-
honor, Should Irani; y return to ")" P
gramme-if you should proflev me a cordial
hand, as I now offer it to you at this las.
moinent-Iwill wi lingly forget whoever
your lleet limit itselt to preventing the lurKs
from sending additional forces to the theatre
of war. I willingly promise that they shall
have nothing to fear from my attempts. Let
them send a negotiator. I will receive him
: r at..
o in u suiinuiu iiicouiei. iuv tunuiuujii o.c
1 4 m -. .l. . i. 1
Known at Vienna. mails xue ouiy uais
L whkh 1 can allow discussion.
1 -t u vn Maktv to blinve in tin pin-;
JJT i, 1, t h l l
V "V '
sire, vour jviaiestvs eooa iriena.
fairs has issued a circular to French diplo-
I 'malic agents in answer to the fore going, for
Louis Napoleon's minister of foreign af-
which we have not room in our columns. It
embraces nearly the same ground but is not
so well written as the following from the
London Times :
We have now before us, in a complete
form, not only the answer of the Emperor of
Russia to the letter ot the Emperor j a pole
on, but also the manifesto or declaration
which the Czar has thought fit to address to
his own subjects at tlii.s crisis. We. copied
tli is manifesto last week. These documents
render the position of the llussian govern
ment towards Europe, as clear and determin
ed as that of Emilaud and .Franco has be-
!uU ,vs-y.,f. Jus Aapo eon to tb.e legtslatne
j ot h,?. J"-
i aH 1roni e,r 1,0 tont.rai.t ,uvc;,ua!-
1 pointed out between ihe lam-nag- ot liti-sia,
, . I 1 , , 1 i ,
1 come since Hi.; recent ue-clauitum ot Her
Majesty s ministers in pailiament, and
. , , .11 . . i"
I""" V , iJ;",Llu u ' '
d U.l,Vul 1ridUCl' .'' T! Tl'l ' J
a ml- jiii-i 1 l ui iuu 1 i ..... 1 wi
i . . . i , , .. , . , I i-
; ' ' . 7i .:..,,, ,
ward, accurate, ami true ; tli-'ie is n attetnpt
to disgu so one part of th.5 case or to disavow
, another part ; it demo n-drat.-s to the rapa-i
.... 1 ' . . ,, ,,.,',,,
citv ol anv peasant in 1 ranee, that tlit most
..... . - J. . ' , ..iit ..
civilized nations of hurope are r. luetautlv
. . .
drawn into war with die. Jlussiau emiurt
because great acts of aggression and violence
I liave been committed; because the public
1 laws of the world have been brok u ; and
' because the
oi everv nation
1 a course of action.
le general and particular luteiests..
ation command re-istanct: to tucn
'ri. . n .: :r,i .1, . .,..,...,.
. , ... ,'
i assigns no aenniie srouuu m war, ni-. no
... in ,wwt:,:,;,10 ,. ,rts
j " t
are termed "the treacherous in-ti-
' iiU IIOI13 UUI.llVS-.ril ll lllllll , 11.- tl in. i, mill
... . . , ... , r , n
nnr t ii. uniiKi r o ma , ; fi itiss ;i. : iov.t' i
. .. ..... - - -
. - . ' -
illCUll'-S, UUl lH.Ut.l IIU1 UHIIM ri lu un.
,f violaliou of thtMn. lt MntV!
M-M UlU M'liULU 'l 111'; 1 111ILI 'illlll-.-, ui'. mv
q u ()w f( ruf.r
. nt tffMlirit ;fll ..t,,.,,,. .....
jlv, that the entry of the combined fleets into
Sea.'.for ll!v Purl' l'rntectmg
! A". .f V!.Vl?a."'?.. i V?.r
I Vila L SAJil U IIUSMUU I I .131 1.1 hi hiu. is mi un
, d.of preceding among civilized nations,
. thf, )nanner whicli mi u e ,.L.ttnl from
, the head of a great empire, the Emperor Nich
hibit ohs informs iU t,,lt
, has brokon offJall 'litic:il intl.r(;0Ur!S.,
Ui the alliod pou.crs', Su(.h W()ulil n,n
b , j la if a rc.ul ,vn,n,
" "7 4""""V7" " " . -
bcen aie "P0.11 w."u 1,0
consCu)US that his own forcilne seizure ot
rrincil,alities more than justifies lh,,
;ineapin.es rclaliatioil tli;it ,Jir(. direetedj.
In short, the true caus-s of
war are in this Russian document
i!nfntn,1 -. if An f tf C-l . r 1 t . 1 l 1 !l
e;. . . , . lh.lt
frontiers of Prussia and the Christian religion
are attacked by England and France, while
"P i 1 ; ...... 1 1' ... 1I1M.M1 r 1 11 if Y . . 1 I t , 1 . I fill t 111"!
11 US SI .4 111" I. S'J 11 l.l Wit 'Ullll- 1UI..I.HL1IH i.-l
i .r ..r I.... i.i:. f i ..r .1 1,.1....
ueieiisi: 01 uer iciii'oiie unuoi uuuuuuii
The letter addressed bv the Czar to the
Emperor of the French enters still more mi-
v-i,f.lir intn 1 linen fl.it'itt . it rivnil.12 PVI'TVi
i ' 4 4i i i , , . Z.
real point in the case, and endeavors to press,
. . . f ,. 1 0 '
mto the service ot Russian diplomacy seeral
..r , .i,;i. i,i,i...in, elv hn
; d . , b ofriciill ronf j i,1V)'too, we
Rn MJon U) Q ,.falal illlllu,11(T)"
o doubt, an oxpr"Ssion
on ilia conduct ot the
T.-.- 1. i.vt... 1... ... ; 1
t 1 f. ,r 1 1 n 1 rir,.ii ,. ;t
cause Lord Stratford do Redclille stood, v ith
a foresight and a courage which it is impos-;
sible to'ate too highlvbetween the agures-,
sor and his victims. These calumnies have
Ii 1. i . .1:.. ,i ,,,,
aireauv uwm n uu, uumv ..,.., .1 r 1
flI1(1 an allll5inn tn ?
! whic, ri).0 the tre
lnanifeft0) U ,
intonded to rcn,ct
itive eVidence, in the parliamentary
now before this county and before Europe
but, when Russia speaks of th, fatal inflti-!
ence" which opposed and defeated such
. . .1
her demands as were unpist, site lorgets
""" " -
to Lord Stratford the e
the allaiT 01 ttlC JlOlV 1'laCeS, i
. i: . x- . n,:
' trie earner siaie oi inu iirannHi.m . nui...
j A,rr1:i.fr l.;.v,..nir u-mln' i flip P.ritidi
iiir 1 1 iutii uu iimi.sijii . '.. " .." j
Embassador to thank him for the assistance
given to the claims of Russia on this part
of the dispute. Rut we arc told that if
Porte had been Wt to itself this difference
would have soon been settled. Between
Russia and Turkey, it is not improbable that
intimidation and corruption might at last
have obtained that species of settlement
which consists in submission, not only to
these demands, nut to any demands made by
so strong a power on one so little capable of
, p,.;.; Util.s hiu, b , u .. ,r,c,d,.d, and in u
',r,at part bro,.nht about bv an impo, taut pre
nance -vhrns oeeurruice-tke arrival of the. rombi
form , .. . . .., , ... .,,, ,, , ,,- , .
!n ul il
effectual resistance. But it is due to the.
ministers of the. Porto to remember that not
one. of them hesitated as to the imperative
duty of making the. beyt resistance they could
to such pretensions, and war was d. -c
hired by the unanimous dvicj of the dig
nitaries of the empire, though in ditvet. op
position to the advice, of the maritime Bow
ers. The litu-sian government thinks fit to re-
n ut tin: a.-s rtinn that the occupation of the
ts in the neighborhood ul the JJarda-
u'.l Clarendon, howeu-r. has dem-
f the l!llh of Jui ,
on-trat. ... ill ...S ui-palch o
I '. that the. instructions i
:Slrat.tord to send lor t!t 11 '
. 1 ., ,
I . . .' .. .
wen: not die-
patche.l from Lon.l.'U t.!l t.ie l.-t of June,
could not 1.' known alM. 1 eter.-btirg U -:
the Till or t?t!i of tliat lmuith ; whereas.
the i -olutioiis of the. Jtu.-.-i.in cabin.'t to
procie-d to ilio oeeupuiKMi ui lir: I'rincipa'-it'u.-;
had been taken on '.li ' ol.-1 of May. 1:
. ...... I. 1 . ... O. it;,li t i. it Hill- Hiil..
! d that of Lusia,an l i.hvsical-
, I'rnieipah tie
au.l was not e
evt lit tliat had Hot Vet
thai the occupation ot toe
.id ha e been brought about
ii i.n.i'Hiiieed. Just as t!i',-
to r pi', sent tuo bruva.
.a hay as an equi valeiit
i uucipahties, and
, ' ' ''V, .!
: ; of . '
i 'vn to hostility! wi
of the ll-ets in Ik sik
to t!ie oefMipat ion "f
to t stabii-li a parallel U'tiveuu thesu two
events, h'u:h was justly and vehemently
denied by the English and French j'nein
inents, so thev now attempt to assimilate tin:
entry of the tleets into the. Bosphorus with
tlie attack on Siiiopc. ; that is to .say, thev
a me lootm-i a iv-rlectlv 1l;i L
caution, not amouut-
rilh one of the most
atrocious acts of modern warfare: and thev
even tuiint the French government with not
i having declared war before, the event had ta
iken pl.;ce. The resolution of the two Pow
;ers to prevent the Itiiss'ntn lleets fioni cruis
ing in the Biack S a, was an appropriate
1 punishment on Russia for that outrage ; ami
it has been so entirely successful, that we
I.. .11,.,-.. kliici. it w:. t.-iui'ii oil.- )imi.; ti.-iii-
eve. since it was taken, our ships
not had the fortune to meet will, a
... ,- t i,.,,!,.,.
! a n nian-ol-u ar out ot hu b r.
he Emperoiw.t Kuss.a carefully al
theU" hotl.Uiese productions Iron, any lanuae,-
I amounting mil ueciauue'll oi will, ci iii
.i . .i . . r . i I. i. ; . .
savs l"al 111 position in wnicn ne is pla
ced lie cannot discuss or i-ven examine ior a
moment the. conditions off-red to him. How.
then, does he suppose that Turkey was to
discuss and examine the conditions ofieTeil
1.1 I III ,t .
i to her. wh"ii thev were backed bv threats an I
bv an act of invasion lar more direct and
incompatible with her dignity as a soTcreign
.'state? Tim Power which sent Prince .M-n-
chikoff to Constantinople and Count (joiloll
'to lenna has no ri2 it to comp am ot any
w " 7 .. . 'i- . f
i want ot respect to tli e dignit v and Mdepeud-
" U1"' ' 1 . - , . . .f
ieuce, of the gn at empires or their ministers.
i Yet, even o,, the very threshold of war, nil
; that the un.ted nit.T.sts and remonstrants
of!-' ' V. L 1 "
. ! 1,: . , . .r7'"J, "...
, ,,';I J' . ..T 1
-mown at ienna. niev are un oinv
1, which 1 can permit n, sell to discuss. Iht"
1 1 "i ,.,;,,,,, ti,.fllr
P'Prt of .Vr , Z S
fl"'y f." R've cl k ono ort ...
arguments Jong since exploded i the jud.g-
Jtnrnt of all Europe an allected disinclina-
imi irt Al,Anr ,VJ1, i,l:,Rn,cb n to ibis hour
rod need bv
papers!"". " Vnf v r , , h .
; j no lawfu cause c n be p
Riwia-but at tlie bottoin, a c
of , termination to yield nothing, at
4 nur fin j nnarrp
It still remains for us to notice the last and
most offensive portion of this manifesto,
which is designed to give to the war the
character of religious contest, to throw on.
England and France the odium of supporting
the enemies of Christianity, and to claim for
FvUSsia the protection of theAl mighty against
the enemies of His faith. When we call tu