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SATURDAY, MAY 20, 1854.
Foreign Bank Bills.
The state of Ohio has become a field for
the circulation of a great mass of very trashy
looking bank bills from other states, and oc
casionally a bank in a distant state breaks.,
and the people of Ohio are almost certain to
be heavy losers by it. This state of things
has been growing gradually worse for some
years ever since the recommencement of
the war of party upon the Ohio banks. There
is need of some remedial measures doubtless,
but that the public demand or will wil
lingly approve of such a law as the one
passed by the late legislature, and published
in this paper, (No. 72,) we do not yet believe.
A.U persons should read and become familiar
with this law, for it must be submitted to
during the next two years nolens volcna, (in
spite of your teeth !)
Its provisions are stringent, not to say ty
rannical, and if Ohio bank paper do not be
come more plentiful than it is or lias been
lately, either specie must fill up the vacuum
caused by the expulsion of most of the pres
ent currency, or else money must become
extremely scarce and business suffer in con
sequence, The law is too ingeniously sha
ped, and offers too high a premium for dis
honor and treachery, and is too spiteful and
savage in its warfare upon " asoociated
wealth" as wrell as associated enterprise, to
be evaded or disregarded. It creates a most
detestable espionage into every man's busi
ness, and pensions a spy to watch like a cut
purse the movements of every man suspect
ed of handling funds. It declares worthless,
and forbids men to deal in, a species of cur
rency which the common sense of every man
teaches him is valuable and convenient, (al
though involving risk,) and it thus infringes
both freedom ai;d truth. It comes with spe
cial grace and consistency from a class of
politicians who have a proverb that " the
world is governed too much !''
The last clause of the 5th section (and
there may be others) is no doubt unconstitu
tional, for it undertakes to invalidate " notes,
securities and obligations," while sec. 28,
art. 2, of our new constitution, says that the
general assembly shall have no power to pass
" laws impairing the obligation of contracts'
.But it is not every man, company or bank,
that desires the the trouble and expense of
carrying a suit to the supreme court frequent
ly, to get clear of the exactions and oppres
sions heaped by our law-makers upon certain
kinds of business men. Men thus systemat
ically harassed and hunted down, will leave
the state with their capital the first conven
ient opportunity they have. A judicious re
strictive law on this subject would have
been valuable, but this is worse than none
2TA large meeting of the merchants and
business men of Cincinnati wras held on the
16th inst., to consider the instructions of the
auditor of state in regard to listing property
for taxation. Inasmuch as the supreme court
only intimated that debts could not be de
ducted from -moneys and credits by individ
uals any more than by banks in listing prop
erty for taxation, and the legislature refused
to repeal or alter the law, the meeting held
that the auditor has no right to issue instruc
tions contrary to the law as it Ftandson the
statute book. They resolved to make out no
lists for the assessors.
N. B. Kelly has been appointed Archi
tect of the new State House in Columbus
in place of Mr, West, resigned.
A number of members of congress are ab
sent from Washington, and this fact was ta
ken advantage of by the friends of the Ne
braska bill to thrust aside 17 bills to get it
up, and thus, if possible, pass it at once.
The excitement in the lower house of con
gress is intense ; one or two sessions having
lasted from 25 to 35 hours ! All fair means
will doubtless be used to prevent the passage
of this infamous bill, so unnecessarily sprung
upon the country; and some papers goto
the extent to urge the opponents of the bill
to defeat it at all hazards and by whatever
sacrifice of themselves may be necessary, and
go before the people for a justification of such
course. We are by no means sure that this
is good advice. The people of the free states
are not sufficiently united to place their ver
dict upon such a course beyond doubt. In
some quarters it is believed that free states
are as likely to be formed south of 3GJ as
slave states north of it, if the Missouri com
promise be abolished, and however absurd
that opinion may be in view of the facts, we
should prefer not to divide the forces of the
north by any acls of doubtful expediency in
the struggle between freedom and slavery
which is sure to come sooner or later, and
which will be precipitated upon us at once
by the passage of the Nebraska bill.
CCT" A sufficient amount of stock having
been subscribed to the Perrysburg and De
troit railroad to authorize the organization of
the company, a meeting of the stockholders
has been called, as will be seen by adver
tisement in this paper, to be held on the 27th
proximo to elect directors of the company.
The prospects are fair that this road will be
The new liquor law has already com
menced its good effects in this place, and we
think it is going to be a real benefit to com
munity. We prefer it for many reasons to
the Maine law. It will be far easier execu
ted, is less oppressive, and will have all the
public benefits of that law. The incentive
to tippling, in most cases, is the company to
be found in bar-rooms. Drinking there will
be generally put a stop to by this law.
Drunken men love to swagger. This will
also be suppressed. Lunatics, running at
large, made crazy by liquor, will be abated.
This is a good step forward, and is perhaps
far enough for the present. Private rights
are comparatively untouched by the law.
iZ2T-A large number of the business men of
Toledo have signed a pledge to give their per
sonal influence and aid to carry out the pro
visions of the new temperance law.
JF E. Graham having replenished his
store with a splendid 6tock of spring and
summer goods, is now offering great bar
gains' in his line of trade. Give him a call
you will find him a liberal, pleasant deal
er. See his advertisement in another col
Several of our merchants are receiv
ing their supplies of spring and summer
goods, and the particulars will doubtless be
properly set forth by advertisements in our
paper in due time. The present Is a favora
ble time for those wanting to buy new goods
of the latest styles and patterns to visit our
merchants, who are generally quite pleasant
about these days.
Thos. II. Benton is again to represent Mis
souri in the U. S. senate, according to the
St. Louis Democrat. The electon of 80 Ben
ton democrats to the legislature, in the recent
election, secures this result over all opposi
tion united. Hurrah for Old Bullion !
Edwin Forrest sued N. P.Willis for libel,
claiming 20,000 damages! The jury came
into court equally divided on a verdict for
$10,000 and one for 6 cent's!
Mr. J. C. Wales, superintendent of the W.
R. & M. Road, has lately been admitted to
tho bar to practice law,
A War for Cuba. The moment the
Nebraska iniquity is consummated, if it
should be consummated, the Administration
will seek to distract public attention from
that abhorred deed by getting up a row with
Spain. Whether this will be pushed to the
point of actual war is not yet certain ; but
the President and his advisers hope and ex
pect it will. They have resolved to impose
on the feeble anil dccrepitSpanish government
conditions which cannot be accepted with
out .disgrace, and insist on every iota of
them to tho last. Should Spain refuse them,
war is to be made, and Cuba seized if possi
ble and the projectors entertain no doubt of
our ability to overrun ana subjugate that
isbnd in six weeks from the declaration
at all events, before any reinforcements from
Spain can reach it. This achievement, by
adding about a fifth to the slaveholding ter
ritory and population of the Union, is ex
pected to unite Ihe South under the flag of
Pierce & Co., and drown the Nebraska ex
citement at the. North in the cry of " Our
Country, right or wrong? Hurrah for Cubu
and manifest destiny !" Such, we are well
assured, is the programme agreed on nt the
White House; and it is an even chance
that we f-hall be at war with Spain on the
1st of July. N. Y. Tribune.
Gen. Isaac E. Crarv, a native of New
London, Conn., died at Marshall, Michigan,
on the morning of the 8th inst., in the fiftieth
r i ..... r ... r , l . i
H'ur ui ins ut,i,. vrrn. i. uiis cuiuieu iu
Congress from Michigan in 1635, and served)
three successive terms. In 1839, Gen. C.
was a Van Buren democrat, and made a
speech in Congress on the subject of the pub-
lie lands, during which h? assailed the mili-jof
tary skill of Gen. Harrison, then a candidate
the Presidency. N. Y. Tribune.
He was answered by Tom Corwin !
The Springfield Cattle Show. The!
National Agricultural Society have takeir
charge of this exhibition, and have fixed
upon the 25th, 26th and 27th of September'
next as the days upon which it shall bo held,
The premiums amount in the aggregate to!
$0,000, and there is no restriction as to
competition. Twenty acres of ground have
been enclosed, and three hundred stalls will
be prepared for the exhibition. As Spring
field is easily reached from all points by
railroad, the exhibition will doubtless be
well attended, and the show an interesting
and attractive one. The cattle raisers of
Clark county deserve great credit for the
spirit with which they have entered into this
enterprise, and we trust that their highest
hopes from it will be fully realized. Xenia
Following it up. The Ohio Statesman
is presumed to be as nearly an organ of the
administration, as it has in this part of
Ohio. We quoted Saturday its opinion that
the time "had come" for acting boldly in
regard to Cuba. Taking the ground it "does
in backing the administration in regard to
Nebraska and Cuba, tha following paragraph
from its leader of Saturday, is very appro
priate : O. S. Jour.
The Pulpit and Politics. It is safe to
maintain, that, as a general rule, all priests,
parsons, .preachers ministers ot whatever re-
l.gion, teachers of whatever doctrine, good,
bad, or indifferent, have always endeavored
and will always endeavor to encroach upon
the liberties of the people.
. ,,r 7 , . .
iia itaiiAHx "akdfn. ve learn inci-;
dentally that Mr. Van Hook, formerly War
den of the Penitentiary, has bepn informally
approached to ascertain whether it would
comport with his wishes to resume the re
sponsibility of that post. Van was some
what coy, and gave no direct reply ; but an
swered in sucli wise as to convey the impres
sion that he could not resist strfjng impor
tunity. O. S. Jour.
One Phase oe War. When the French
troops embarked at Toulon for Constantino
ple, an old man who witnessed their depart
ure exclaimed, in a mournful voice : " There
goes my only child, to fight for a cause he
does not understand, and against men with
whom he never had a difference." To how
many wars which history records, will the
remark of this, aged iqan. apply ?
The Caloric Ship at the Navy Yard.
Yesterday afternoon the Ericsson was lowed
to the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and to-day she
was taken into the Naval Dry Dock for re
pairs. It is impossible yet to ascertain the
extent of her damage by sinking in the
North river. She was admitted into tho
dock, we understand, only on the ground
that there was no sectional dock on the
East river vacant at the present limn.
We learn from Europe that a new musi
cal wonder has sprung up, at Stockholm,
Sweden. It is said that her voice i.s morn
powerful than that of Jenny Lind. She has
taken the people ol her native city by storm.
and set them iranticirom excitement. It is
said that she so enraptures hor hearers bv
singing that the musicians of hsr orchestra
frequently forget thcmseltes and stop. H.-r
name i3 Mitchelet.
Fkeioht Movements or the Michigan
Southern Railroad. After exaspt-rut nig
the whole, interior by unnecessary delay of
merchandize at this point, the M. S. R R.
has by extraordinary exertions forwarded
most of the goods accumulated hre. We
understand, the warehouses and docks on
both sides of the river will soon b; cleared.
They should never have ben blocked up.
The pecuniary loss and incidental costs to
the Road and the business of loledo, of th
recent faux pas in the management, will c
r'lv.i.i m i
very great. loieuo jtaiie.
j Speeches. We have sent to members of
j Congress, during the week ending to-day,
one hundred and fifty-four thousand copies
speeches, nearly ail of which w-re on the
j" Nebraska bill,"' in the House of Represen
tor datives, which has not been under consider
ation m it. We tremble in anticipation of
iKf, ,l.-ilw.; iliI.-.K !t I. I ... i
me m mi ic vtiuiii ii is li!Hi.vu lo DrlTlf UJ)
1,ilimateI'' next AlunJay. f Wusii
A suit of 850,003, which has been pend
ing in New York for fifty years, and in which
Alexander Hamilton was at one. time em
ployed, lias just terminated.
The Massachusetts legislature has passed
a bill annexing the city of Clmlestown to
jj'iw ik'.-nissiiT Kivi-s a list oi iu lawyers in
Wisconsin. The county of Milwaukee alone
has 130 of the number.
ves a list of 71'J lawvers in
From Havana. Advices from Havana,
to the 8th, by the steamer Isabel, state that
the Spanish Government approves of the
conduct of Pezuelu in relation to the Black
The Captain General had published new
regulations, making it lawful to search for
negroes on estates, and denying that there U
a contract between England and Spain by
which the latter is bound to emancipate this
The Jesuits are again in full sway on the
Island, and marrying whites to blacks.
Artisans are forbidden to carry knives or
sharp instruments of trade about their ei
sons. )AIfISI Mormons. Four hundred Danes
I arrived at St. Louis, a few days since, on
their wav to Salt Lake country. They were
j accompanied by a Mormon elder,
Independence Day in New York. The
Common Council of the city of New York
have appropriated 8,000 for the purpose of
defraying the expenses attendant upon the
celebration of the 4th of July.
Marriage of Kate Hayes. Th
Ualilornia correspondent of th Boston
Journal reports the marriage of Kate Haves
; to Cant. Wm. E. Bushnell. a zonular
i i . . -. ,
DIED In Oregon, Lucas county, on the
12th inst., Mrs. J. A. Brown, wife of
Sylvester Brown, aged 33 years.
The deceased was for many years a valued
member of the Baptist Church at Pe.rysburg.
On Sabbath day a large circle of friends fol
lowed her remains to their long home.
" Precious in the sight of the Lord Is the
death of his saints." 1 xvi. 15. Com.