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THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL.
SATURDAY, JUNE 10, 1854.
.-.?rA large amount of composition on the
paper, and other hand-work, have deprived us
t' the time necessary to write editorials.
Jt is expected by the opponents of the
pouuuai puwtr oi slavery in mis quarter
that neither Whigs or Democrats, or Free
Soilers, as heretofore classed, will claim pre
eminence in the battle that is joined to con
flue Slavery to its true position, tinder the
Constitution, in the States where recognized
ly the municipal law. It was never in
tended by the trainers of the organic law
that Slavery should be recognized as a print-vole
in our Republican Government. It is j
a thing, a domestic institution, and in the
compromises which were enteied into, the
. . . . 1 . .i . .i . i i
iniercsi or rigiu mat me owner ciaimeu in
the person of his Slave was treated as pro
perty, in arranging the basis of representa
tion and taxation in the old thirteen, and
in the States to be created from territory
then belonging to the Union. The demand
now is that Slavery is an institution1, incor
porated into the constitution with political
rights co-extensive with the bounds of the
Union regardless of the extent of that Union,
and also regardless of the manner in which
territory may be acquired out of which new
Slates may be formed. This assumption is
in derogation to the Constitution most
clearly. It is in opposition to the spirit of
Republicanism. The claim is anti-Deino-cratft.
It is Oligarchic Aristocratic. A
man who opposes this principle is a Demo-:rat-r-he
is a Whig he is a Free Soiler.
The issue now presented is all important
tn the existence of our Free Institutions.
Why then should we differ about the past?
The present is before us charged with mo
mentous results. We know that our enemy
is insidious and calculates largely on our
differences and jealousies. Our experience
teaches us that the greatest difficulty lies in
combining the elements of resistance. We
have the power to sweep all before us if
rightly used. Let the friends of Republican
Government be wise then, and disappoint
their enemies. Let us unite on a common
principle we shall soon find a common
name, in the pure Republicanism of our
object. 0. S. Jour.
Gleason's Pictorial. This favorite illus
trated journal, forming sixteen octavo pages
weekly, commences a new volume July 1st,
being the seventh volume of the work. It
comes to us regularly freighted with its for
eign and home illustrations, and a fund of
excellent original reading matter. It is ed
ited by Maturin M. Ballou, a gentleman long
nnnn.ni ,.-ih th TWtnv. rpc nnri 1
i j l -n 01 t jso
hshed by F. Gleason, Boston, at 3 per an-
or Si. 50 for six months. Clubs of ten ly
taken at the rate of 82 per annum.
The Cochituate Bank. Boston. June 5. - one
The hearing of the Cochituate. bank casewasla
had this morning before chief justice Shaw. je'es
From the statement of its affairs it appears i
that the capital was nearly absorbed by bad
or doubthu paper, ihe court therelore or
dered the injunction to be perpetual. The
bill-holders and depositors will most proba-!
bly be paid in full.
-1 T a,, , . ,
W ashington, June 6. The election hasi
resulted in the complete triumph of the!iisten
Nothings. Great rejoicing. j
Over 83,000:000 have been expended for tne
the relief of the poor in Ireland the last year.
Boston, June 7. The result of the exam
ination of the parties arrested at the riot in
the slave case is as follows: Bishop, Still,
Jackson and Morrison are fully committed
without bail, for the murder of Batchelder.
Weslev and PhcenU held to bail in
New Haven has elected whig officers.
Philadelphia, June 7. Conrad's majority
for mayor is 8,000. lie was a candidate of
Whigs, Natives and Know Nothings. The
whole whig ticket is elected.
Correspondence of the Perrysburg Journal.
GALENA, ILL., June 1, 1854.
Leaving St. Paul on Tuesday on
the S. B. War Eagle, she anchored in the
harbor in this city last night. She is one of
the first class of boats, with a skillful and
?entlemanlv captain, and not being crowd
ed, the trip was an agreeable one. 1 ins eve
ning she will leave lor Kocli lsianu, wnere i
hope to awake in the morning, there have
been various reports about the cholera on the
Mississippi, and in this city, but they are so
contradictory that no satisfactory opinion
can be formed as to its extent. This day's
Advertiser cives the monthly cily report
deaths, with the names and diseases, makii
a total of 28, of whom 8 were ot Itie cholor
Even-thins around looks like health; b
the location of the city and the extreme li!
thiness of Fever river are well calculated
invite disease. Galena, notwithstanding i
uninviting appearance, is a good busing
place; and so great has been the success i:
making money here, that without imira ne?
itation men "would risk their lives for th
chance to obtain it.
The Central Illinois railroad from Chicap
Galena and Dub'ique,is finished to War mil
2S miles east. The work is now vigorous!
prosecuted on the residue, but there is miuj
deep cuttm;:. consequently the woik is vom
expensive, and it is not expected to ie hi
ished before the close of navigation.
Of all the towns on the river above Dii
bun up. and below the junction of the Missis
sippi and St. Croix, La Cross appears to nit
be the best in prospect. It is an impor-l
tant commercial position, and the onlv eli
gible site for a town for a long distance b(
low or above. Within the short period o
three years it has crown up to be quite
town. But its appearance, as it regard?
health, I do not like. The numerous islands
the vicinity, subject to inundation at ev-'
slight rise of the river, and beyond thf
power of removal, wear an unhealthy aspectK
however unwelcome it may be to the
of its inhabitants, will be found to
weigh heavily upon its growth and prosper- j
tsut it was ot Minnesota that 1 sa
down to write. Every new country, in it
turn, has been represented as the best tha
ever before had been seen. The good only i
held up to view. Enquire of a citizen whos
fortunes by recent settlement have becom
identified with a new country, and you ma j
expect to find yourself in the most desirabl
locality in the world. Such a witness ma .
intend to speak falsely, but as he exhib
only one side of the uicture. his testimo-
must be taken as that of an interested
There can be no doubt that the climate of
Minnesota is one of the most invigorating
salubrious in all the west, if not in the
United States. The countenances and gene
appearance of the inhabitants confirms
their testimony that ague is scarcely known
.except when imported in the system of the
emigrants. While in the territory I scarce
num. gaw an individual whose countenance ex
suhscribers Jhibited the marks of disease; but, as I am
bound to tell the whole truth, I must make
exception. At St. Paul there was a man,
tailor by trade, whose countenance andot
nacl a sallow appearance, and
tonSue vvas an everlasting bore upon the tav-
em. The place from whence he migr
not learn, but concluded that it must
have been from some of the low Illinois prai-
"es as 1S Rreat theme was the pure locotoco
features ot Douglas s Nebraska bill, morning,
noon and evening, and at everv other time
when he could" find any one to talk with or
t0 him. The abolitionists, the free
know soilers, and the whigs, and the great mass of
northern people, had greatly incurred his
displeasure by their opposition to this and
other measures for the exclusion of negro
slavery. It was no wonder that a pure and
bracing air did not agree with him. Some
his political friends greatly feared that
Douglas's move would produce such a schism
the party as could not be healed before
another presidential election ; but not so
with this specimen of tongue, with a thimble-full
of brains: he had the fullest confi
dence that the north would again quietly
and meekly submit to anything required for
benefit of the south.
The climate appears well adapted to the
growth of most of thp rM.i
Ohio rerhar! real 8rains raised
"LhauPS"?t quite as Urge vields i
ai-ic a in me Miami nr s.,:. fi ir
fully as much as in most Zr 'r ',
and the. nrPnt wl l Tll s.f our state,
. U4 beinc a com
position of black sand n.i i ' :"g ' B. , .
.,,,! i . m tuuui, is wen BU-
.l I . . J l"C IVIIIIUB-
oul?' 1,1 a 00l'y. is probably the best
agricultural part of the territory, and this
'af at.l'ac,e1 the greatesty,attention.
The country m general is well adapted to
grazing. Cattle, and horsm n "J : . i " A
and although the winters .Vk 1 ttTC5
.ice. . mill is i . ....,.ig u.
half way between this and the mouth of the
creek. The country between the lake and'
Fort Snelling is mostly prairie, and a good 1
deal broken, interspersed with small lakes ; I
the soil is various. Quite a number of claims;
been made, where good frame houses!
are already erected, and handsome prairies'
enclosed for cultivation. One. man I saw j
planting a nursery. The settlers generally j
had the appearance of having the wherewith
of making a fair beginning, and their im-1
provements showed that they were having iti
done. The greatest impediment in the wav :
of the permanet settlement and improvement j
the country is, that the lands of the lateiot
hisjbioux purchase are neither in market noning
shave they been surveyed, (the small military!
reservaiiou arounu r on oneiung excenien. i
The pre-emption law applies onlv to survey-1
ed lands; no trouble will probably occur in1
possessions taken in advance except from!
conflicts which may arise in regard to subdi
visions or locations on school sections, and
here there will be a wide field for it. Claim
associations are now formed, in which a
number of individuals mutually agree to pro
tecteach other, peaceably if thev can. forci-iof
bly if they must. So far as securing the pre-
emption to a quarter section of land to an ..
actual settler is concerned this is perfectly
right; but under this pretext the grossest
irauds and extortions have been practiceo.
Individuals, and, in many instances, young
men, without making improvements scarce
ly perceptible, have laid claim to the most
valuable of the lands, not merely one claim,
but numerous ones, for the purpose of extort
ing from emigrants such sums as they could
for their pretended possessions. But, not
withstanding all these impositions, the coun
try is rapidly settling. Towns are are laid
out in every direction on these lands, and
lots sold at high prices, and even county
seats established thereon.
The population of the territory has been
variously estimated, but it is all a matter of
conjecture. At the opening of navigation.
25,000 would have been a safe estimate, and
for the two months since an accession of 10,
000 is an equally safe estimate. I had inten
ded to say something of improvements press
ingly wanted, and of the political condition
of the. but this letter is
Native Wine. The culture of the grape
is rapidly extending through the interjor, and
thus the foundation is being laid for a heavy
md most important trade in native wine.
On Saturday 21 tierces of this article were
received by the Whitewater cunal. Chi.
Goou Advice. The Tribune recommend.
the people of the free states to vote for n
man, to whatever party he may belong, who
has in any way fuvorcd the passage of tin
Nebraska bill, anil also to form emigrating
associations to aid good men and true u
emigrate to Kansas and Nebraska.
Election of Bishops. The general con
ference of the Methodist Episcopul Church
South, at their session at Columbus, Georgia,
elected three additional bishop", namely :
John Earley, of Virginia ; George Pierce, ot
Georgia ; and II. II. Kavanangh.of Kentucky.
The Reward. Senator Badger has ju-f.
Iiad a brother-in-1 iw appointed to a lucrative
Jllice in California, and a son of Dr. Old
,ias been rewarded by an appointment.
Thomas Ritchie, jr., who died in Rich
mond, Va., last week, was the person who
fought the duel with Mr. Pleasants, of the
Richmond hig, some years ago, and killed
Goon. The Scioto Gazette says that the
patriotism of the Washington S.-ntint-l, the
ulitor of which is printer to the sciiat--, ' is
paid for by the line."
A curse is like a stone throw n up towards
heaven, and most likely to return on the
lead of him that sent it. Sir W. Scott.
On Thursday last, 12,000 emigrants arrived
n New York from foreign countries.
In Utah a man who has not more than two
vives is rated as a bachelor.
Col. Medary decline? being a candidate for
TheTempku okthe People. A letter from
Mansfield, Richland county, the Gibraltar of
democracy, to the Cleveland Leader, gives an
account of how- things stand there. Th--have
office-holders and their followers attempted
to celebrate the triumph of the slave-power
by burning powder. At the discharge of th"
first gun but a minute passed before the toll
of thr. bell was heard ; then the solemn beat
of the muffled drum, as if the dead were nigh,
and then streamed forth the national Hag.
across tlie street. draied in mourning; but
over the-toll of that bell and above the bear
that muinea urum, ana irouuiv uuifcwniu-
on tnai nrapea national nag, were "earn
and seen, the watchword of freemen, " Ri
rr.Ai. iAUBiiuiiin,imuii v
roar of the cannon ceased; the toll and the
dead march only were continued; and then
appeared a crowd, shouting the watchword
of freedom. BrinkerholT and others spoke,
all seconding the demand of the people
the union of free-men to maintain freedom.
The supporters of the slave-power left the
ground, defeated and borne down by the force
public sentiment. O. S. Journal
T, u of glass that has yet made
Bmwarbanc in New York, has taken its
Uf n one of tho windowg of Taylor's res-
taiiriint establishment, on Broadway. Its
dimensions are fifteen feet in height, six feet
in width, three-quarters of an inch in thick
ness, and cost one thousand dollars.
The house of Gen. Scott, in Richmond.
Va., was again fired on Tuesday afternoon.
This is the third attempt, says the Mail, to
destroy this house, and argue3 a determina
tion on the part of the incendiary, worthy a