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THE PERRYSBURG JOURME.
15Y S. CLARK.
. VOL. 2.
" Agriculture, Commerce, Manufactures."
$1.50 In. Advance..
PE11IIYSBURG, WOOD COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, JUNE 24, 1854.
What Senator Douglas means by people
of Territories governing themselves.
Senator Douglas slated in one of his re-J
fvut midnight speeches to a brass band of
serenaders in this city, that he had spoken
his share in favor of the Nebraska bill, audi
ihat he did not intend to discuss the subject!
injy more. Since then, lie. Ins in a de. three
public speeches upon the prolific theme, and!
to oil appearances intends to lire his Nebras-'
ka gun as fat as he can load, until the wis -!
doin of his winter's work is acknowledged
liy 'lit1 country it' he lives so long.
We ulno may trut'ifully say we have
wriilen our share in opposition to the Ne-i
braska bill; but al'ler the example of the
Jv-nator save that we violate no promise
we shall continue to discuss its iibomina-:
iions until we bring them all to light, and!
the authors of them to judgment. How!
long that will be, it is impossible to say,!
hut we expect to get through our work before
the Senator gets through with his.
The more we study the Nebraska bill, the
more we are shocked by the enormity of its'
provisions, some of which have thus far en-
tirely escaped public animadversion; and
the more clearly do we realize the motives.
if its projectors in pushing it through with
such precipitation, as to preent its receiv
ing the consideration which such a nvasurf
deserved, and which would have certainly
led to its defeat.
We d 'sire to call our readers' attention
particularly to-day to the clause defining'
lie terms of dtteciiship and the qualification
if voters, whero will be found some pro
visions lor which, we undertake to say, no,
precedent can be found in American legisla-
uou. noi even in wu; alien una seuuion laws
il" President Adams.
It is generally supposed that the Clayton
iimendmenf, limiting the light of suffrage in
the case of aliens to those who had resided!
in the territory four years, was rejected, and:
the. emigrants from abroad, who will consti-:
ute. the bulk of the. population for the first!
l w years, will at once be clothed with all
tin privileges of citizenship in the new ter-;
l itory. We quote the 23d clause of the Ne-j
braska bill, (it is the 5th in the Kansas!
bill,) to show the crroneousness of this im-i
pressiou, and to direct attention to another:
qualification attached to the lights of suf
frage of American emigrants, of which few,
we venluri to say, of the thousands now:
making preparations to settle in the new
territory have any idea.
Sr.c. 23. And be. it further enacted, That,
every free white male inhabitant ubove the!
age of 21 years, who shall be an actual resi-'
dent of saiu territory, and shall possess the
qualifications hereinafter prescribed, shall bo
entitled to rote ut the first election, and shall
Ik: eligible to any oilice within the said ter
ritory : but the qualifications ol voters, and
of holding office, a; all subsequent elections,
shall be such as shall be prescribed by the
Legislative Assembly: Provided, that the!
right of suffrage, and of holding office, shall
be exercised only by citizens of the United
State, and those who shall have declared on
oath their intention to become such, and shall
have taken an oath to support the Constitu
tion of the United States and the provisions
.it . at . t mi
) tins act: Ana provided jurinrr, inaino
officer, soldier, seaman op marine, or any;
other person in the army or navy of the!
United States, or attached to troops in the!
service of the. United States, shall be allowed
to vote or hold office in said territory, by
reason of being on service therein. -;
By this provision every one may vote at
the first election, but after the first election,
the legislature prescribes the qualifications
of voters, with a proviso that prevents them
from doing it, and limits them to the quali
fications prescribed by Congress.
These qualifications are citizenship, natural
or acquired, and an oath to support the Con
stitution and the Nebraska Dill.
. The declaration of intention referred to,
is that mentioned in the naturalization acts,
and the oath to support the Constitution is
that taken at the. end of a five years' resi
dence after a declaration of intention. None
but citizens those who are born in the
country, or, by a five years' naturalization,
have become citizens swear to the Consti
tution. The Judges who will be appointed
will unquestionably so hold, and exclude all!
others from polls.
But the most insulting provision in thisja
section, and the most intolerable provision
in th. whole, bill, is that which makes it and;
the Constitution of equal sanctity ; which:
compels every man who presents himself at;
polls to vote, or us a candidate for office,:
to support the Nebraska bill ; and which re-!
quires him to devote himself to the propaga-
tion oi slavery betore lis is allowed to ex-witness
ercise the inalienable right of a freeman.
This is the first time an American citizen
nas ever ueen required to xahe an oam id;
support an act of Congress ; it is the first
time suffrage and office were ever made
dependent upon such an oath ; it is the first
nine me extension oi slavery nas ueen raised
to the level of a constitutional duty.
I he operation of this qualification will
be to exclude from the polls and from office,
in the territories, nearly every man who
goes there from the free States. It will dis-1
h-ancliise nearly every member of every ein-;
igrant association that has yet been formed,
place the entire political power of the-whelming
in the hands of slave-holders or;
slavery'propagandists : for no others will or
can take the oath required by the terms of
It will also exclude from the polls and
from office for five years, every foreigner
who may reach the territory after the first!
As the great bulk of the future settlers of!
Nebraska will be foreigners and emigrants!
the free States, it is obvious that so far
from governing themselves, the inhabitants!
the territory will hate comparatively
nothing to do with making or administering!
me jaws win:n un-y uvu reqmreu iu vuey .
siicu is me- cnarauier 01 me oiu which oen-1
ator Douglas informed the brass band, whom
he addressed the other night at the St. Nicli-Uie
olas, was based upon the right of the people;
to govern themselves. Y . live, rost.
gueui wR-insriies. ir. i. ium,
u puiie,, ill wuja-.
of our rights under the!
Constitution of the United States,
when Massachusetts sought by legal
The DiH-JOur citizens, guilty
. oth-r offence than the color of their skin,
s imprisoned in Southern ports, in viola-
tion. we believe
constitutional means to test their rights un
der that sacred instrument, vhen she sent
one of her most eminent citizens, Hon. Sam
uel Hoar, clothed with her official dignity of
the agent of a sovereign State, to appeal, in
their own courts of justice, before their own
judges, all know how she was treated by
South Carolina. The halls of justice of that
State were, closed against us. Our rights un
der the Constitution, admitted by a South
Carolina judge, were refused us, and our
agent was driven by mob violence out of
the State. In doing this, South Corolina
was sustained by nearly every southern press,
now so swift to heap their vituperations
upon us. But now, when southern gentle
men come to us and claim rights under the
same constitution, which grate harshly upon
our moral and religious feelings, when, un
der circumstances the most aggravating, we
keep dow n as a community, the rebellious
promptings of our hearts, and execute the
odious law, the very pains taken to assure
that execution are distorted into a reproach.
How much more of this is it to be expected
that human nature will be able to endure.
A number of southern senators are said to
have declared that they would oppose any
treaty for the settlement of the fishery ques
tion, or for the establishment of reciprocal
trade with Canada, unless it shall contain a
clause for the surrender of fugitive slaves.
Of course the British government will con
sent to no 6uch treaty stipulations.
The Facts Compactly Stated.
At the recent nominating State Conven
tion in Vermont, the Hon. J. Meacham,
whose, speech on the repeal of the Missouri
Compromise was one of the best made in Con
gress, transmitted a letter to the Conven
don in 'which he recapitulates the facts in
the passage of the Nebraska bill in so clear
manner that we cannot deny ourselves the
i pleasure of laying it before our readers:
Warhtvp-tov Mv 31 1RM
j feel anxious that some
one of those men, abler than myself to de
the scribe the scenes of the Nebraska struggle,
should be in your Convention. And yet, I
j know that it is impossible for even an eye-
to give an exact impression of the
; contest. The alternation of hopes and fears
i0f the phalanx that so long resisted the
needless, and unauthorized, and infamous
j violation of plighted faith, can never be
1 given !
The Missouri Compromise is repealed !
un you ask how it was done 7 I will tell
i 1. Without the request, and against the
wish of everv man who petitioned Congress
on the subject.
2. By crowding out of place all the most
important business of the session, and
j crowding in a measure to which an over
arid majority of the people "were op
j 3. By bringing I do not say bribing to
its support, through Executive influence
: arid patronage, men who acted against their
'own declared judgmentsand the known
j will of their constituents,
4. By trampling under foot the ttules of
! the House of Representatives, made in ac-
cordance with the Constitution, and thus
violently depriving the minority of their le
from gal rights and just privileges.
5. By refusing to allow the people to e
of press their decision on the question, lest as
Senator Petit of Indiana declared the peo-
pe should letuse It I10W, Or tor years to
come, and perhaps lorever.
I if the ivill of the people had been obeyed
Act could not have passed. If it had
taken its legal place in the order of business,
Ilt could not have passed. If the Executive
. . , , - :y ...
ucc" wuwieu, ji couia not
: lt could not nave passed. it the Execut
ofP"'er had not, uiKighteously, interposed
lnfl,enceV C!Id n0t .Pt Iff
Rules f te House, and the rights of
1 1,..- 1
The Missouri Compromise, therefore, Tvas
repealed, not only without authority and
without law, but in known and acknowl
edged violation of both !
The Missouri Compromise being repealed,
the question of Slavery is re-opened in all
the Territories of the Union.
The Baltimore platform being violated by
all parties except Northern Whigs, it will
not be expected that that body of men will
any longer be held by the fragments of a
broken and abandoned truce.
In this posture of affairs, I trust that the
Whigs of Vermont, holding the first State
Convention since the passage of the Nebras
ka bill, will take ground wisely and firmly,
1. There shall be no more territory ac
quired by the funds of freemen, unless on the
express condition that Slavery shall be for
ever excluded from it.
2. That on no condition shall another
slave State be added to the Union.
3. That Slavery shall be wiped out of every
part of the republic, except where shielded
by positive municipal law.
I hope the Whigs of Vermont will take
that position, not only for themselves, but
for their children after them ; and when they
have taken it, that they will nail their colors
to the mast !
claims to be a lineal descendant of Americus
Vespucius, is yet a resident of Ogdensburg,
N. Y., and occasionally appears on the street.
Slavery in California—Prospect its Establishment.
Two years ago a law was passed by the
California Legislature granting one year to
the owners of slaves carried into the terri
tory previous to the adoption of the Consti
tution, to remove them beyond the limits of
the State. Last year the provision of this
liaw was extended twelve months longer.
We learn by the late California papers that
a bill has just passed the Assembly, by a
vote of 33 to 21, continuing the same law in
forct until 1855. The provisions of this
bill embrace slaves who have been carried to
California since the adoption of her Consti
tution, as well as those who were there pre
viously. The larse maioritv bv which it
the discussion, indicate a more favorable
state of sentiment in regard tn ihr' Vitrei s
slaveholders in California than we supposed
ciisieu. ine xviississippian.
The act here reioiced over estahliqtioj
!Sla very in California as thoroughly as th.
heart of a slave-breeder could desire. Of
course, it. is flagrantly unconstitutional ; but
jhow will that help its poor victims? Do
you suppose that the gigantic swindle. Sham
Democracy, which elected a Legislature to
do so wicked an act, is not equally potent
in the choice of its Judiciary ? If you do
jyou are easily duped. It is just as easy to
sustain wicked laws as to pass them, when
the supposed interests of unnrincmlerl men
- l WJL
are to be promoted thereby. Only in anti-
siavery, aroused and guided by a FreePress,
is there any protection against such crimes
as that above recorded. Slavery would in
time insinuate itself into Vermont if it were
not for concerted, persisted resistance to it.
A San Francisco paper is giving portraits
of the men who comnose. thp nrespnt Imt.
f - -" j-,
;lature of that State, giving only initials.
uui panning tnem so that all who know may
recognize them. Here is on-j of their biog
raphies, condensed :
IT C :U-J U' 1 1 .1 r
i jinisued his uoyiiooa in penectin?
himself m every existing vice at Natchea-under-the-Hill,
Miss., whence his father sent
him to an inland brother to reform. Here
he seduced a cousin of his own age (eigh
teen,) and she, disgraced and ruined, fled
with him to New Orleans, where he lived
awhile by gambling, and finally migrated
with her to San Francisco. Here he flourish
ed awhile as a blackleg, but finally his luck
turned he was cleaned out and at last
sold out his paramour cousin to a luckier
gambler for money. She refused to be trans
ferred, when he beat her brutally over the
head, until he left her motionless, insensi
ble, and as he supposed dead on the floor of"
their lodging ; when he ran away to an in
terior county, and set up for a politician.
He was successful, as his presence in the
Legislature attests! Such characters abound
in all newly settled regions where time has
not been given for educing social order from
chaos. Shall we confer on such, the power
of imposing Slavery on unborn generations
N. Y. Tribune.
The N. Y. Times has a correspondent at
Jackson, Miss., who communicates what
follows, touching the filibuster movements
in that quarter :
"They say that Gen. Quitman and staff
are now in New Orleans: that thevhuvA
the forces enlisted which they deem to be
necessary; that two ships with arms and
ammunition have. been for some time in the
Gulf, and that $700,000 have been obtained,
that many merchants and wealthy men in
New Orleans, who have hitherto held aloof,
now favor the enterprise and will give it
their support. It had been decided, says a
man who came up from New Orleans this
morning, to do nothing until 81,000,000 had
been procured, and that Gen. Quitman and
another man had about concluded to mort
gage their estates to make up the sum imme
diately. Soule has exceeded his instructions,
no doubt, it is thought, by agreement, in or
der, in some way, to further the plan."