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THE PERRYSBURG JOURNAL.
SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1854.
Cholkka. The cholera has been raging
with considerable severity at Toledo during
ihe past week or two of extremely hot wea
ther. In that part of the town called Utah,
u this side of the Tiver, the cases were so
numerous and fatal, that we hear the people
in general have fled. Two cases, coming
fret:: there to this place, have proved fatal,
uiv. a child of George Jones, which died at
the house of Deacon Stephen Williams, and
the other a shoemaker named JudsonTooker.
Or. Wednesday night last, Deacon "Williams
w as. himself attacked, and died the next day,
and a little girl in the next house, daughter
of Mr. Lucas, died soon after. These four
;ue the only fatal cases that have occurred
here, we believe. W have heard rumors of
one or two other slight attacks of the dis
ease, and would advise all to be careful of
their health and abstemious in diet during
tl.e coming few weeks of hot weather. The
thermometer daily indicates a heat above 90
cleg., and slight causes now will produce
serious illness and perhaps death, which at
other times would have no effect.
..?-The fourth of July at Portageville was
duly celebrated in a variety of ways. The
number of people collected was said to be
greater than ever before seen at one time in
the village ranging, we should say, some
where from six to eight hundred.
First in order, came the Sabbath school
relebration, with processions, addresses, mu
sic and an excellent dinner in the grove.
Next, a regular fourth of July oration by the
Hew Mr. Green, and music by the band.
Then the organization of an anti-Nebraska
meeting, and a speech from Judge Cook, such
;i5 a crowd has seldom listened to, in Wood
county before. He unraveled and read to
thorn a hasty sketch of the chicanery of men
ir. power, in high places and low, with such
plainness of speech and home-thrusts as to
stir up a noisy hornet's nest about his ears.
Some of his over-zealous democratic friends
were afraid that something might be said or
done to the injury of the democratic party,
and so were not very orderly and seemed to
care very little whether they disturbed or
brake up The meeting or not. However, af
ter indulging in a rather boisterous exhibi
tion of their notions of " free speech for a
while, they withdrew, and the business of
th? meeting was completed in an orderly
aril respectable manner.
Portageville is a pretty little village, sur
Toundedby the finest kind of a farming coun
try, as well as numbers of wholesouled, lib
eral minded, jovial men, and fair and beau
tiful women and daughter.?. We like the
iipparance of things about there, wish them
success in their railroad projects, and hope
to s,3e as large or u larger crowd on hands at
the county fair, to be held there next fall.
CCrWe are under renewed obligations to
Mr. George Powers for a basket of nice cher-
Thanks for the acceptable present.
Counterfeit' bank notes are now called
'; Nebraska Bills," because they are fraudu
lent, and passed by scoundrels. We under
stand that a new "Nebraska Bill'' has just
rr.aii its appearance, which may be. descri
be, i thus : 1 s, State Stock Bank, Jamestown,
Indiana letter A., vignette, wood cutters
er.gaged at hewing in a forest date, Nov.
I'i, 1853 paper, thick and new all the
names, signatures, &c, usually written on
bills, are engraved general appearance of
the bill deceivinglike the Nebraska bill.
Our neighbor of the ' Journal" grossly mis
represents, when he states that we said "the
opening of Nebraska and Kansas to slavery, .
by repealing an act of congress by which
slavery therein was forever prohibited is an
nt;.clavprv tnpasnr " We said no such 1
thing. Maumee Valley Democrat.
Let us see if you didn't. You will not
pretend, we think, that any further legisla
tion is now necessary to enable slaveholders
to take their slaves into either Kansas or
Nebraska and hold them there; but if you
do pretend so, you are probably the only in
telligent gentleman in the Union who will
pretend so, and the pretence cannot he sup
ported by either authority or fact. If we
mistake not every slaveholder, proslavery
and anti-slaverv member of congress under-
stood this point as we do ; and the slave
holders of the southern states are hurrying'
forward to take exclusive possession of the
territories. There was a prohibition of sla-
very there, that prohibition is repealed, and.jlarly
as a natural sequence, slavery is admitted,
tolerated and allowed until again prohibited
by law. That slavery-prohibition oar neigh
bor calls a " restriction upon self govern
ment''!!! Being prohibited from holding
one's fellow-beings in slavery is a " restric
tion upon self-government," according to the
Maumee Vallev Democrat ! Here is its lan-
Now that the Missouri restriction uponiSa.ye
government is repealed by the Nebraska
' - '
bill, many of its opponents admit that there
is not the" least chance of slavery ever going'
into these territories. The fact is, itls
anti-slavery measure to leave the subject to!
the people of the territories, for they are cer
tain to decide it right, &c. Dein. June 19.
That is what you said, sir. Is it not in
substance, though not in terms, precisely
what we charged? It was not for the pur
pose of " grossly misrepresenting'' you, nor
of ''misrepresenting'' you at all, that
tn M nr n-n ;.iC.oa.i nf ,-n,
guage in stating your position; but we sta
ted the point you made, with the inevitable
result to be deduced from it, in the shortest
terms, to show the absurdity of your argu
ment. As to the people always deciding
right, it is a species of flattery precisely anal
ogous to the saying " the king can do no
wrong," a fawning sycophancy practiced by
those who wait upon its rewards! If the
people of those territories, when they come
to adopt state constitutions, (which will be
the first independent action they will be able
to take upon this subject,) shall decide, in
favor of freedom, we shall say they decide
right ; but if they decide to have slavery, as
we greatly fear one oi both will, we shall
say, and civilized mankind generally will say,
that selfishness has overborne justice and
that they decide wrongly. What will our
neicrhhnr of the Tlpmnrraf sav ? rrnrAnrr
D -J --""'"'"t
to the rule he lays down above he must have
no opinion of his own on the subject ; but
all freedom, all manhood, all sense of right
and wrong, must be " crushed out'' and sac
rificed to his tyrannical master, the party
he must just as readily declare that they de
cide right in the one case as the other. It
must be an intolerable thraldom of the soul
to never be able to express a free thought or
believe and cherish a great principle or truth,
for fear of getting crosswise with the peo
ple." What horror such a willing suppliant
must have for the very name of an " aboli
tionist," one who hates slavery ! He must
look upon Jefferson as a dangerous and bloody
incendiary, when he declared without wait
ing for 'the people" to decide whether he
was right or wrong, " I have sworn upon the
altar of God and my country eternal hostil
ity against every kind of tyranny over the
mind of man."
Fourth of July, 1854—Juvenile Celebration
Agreeably to previous arrangements the
anniVersaTV of American independence was
l b d". hJ by a union of the
" " u" "
several Sabbath schools. At 10 o clock A.
M., each school with its banner formed in
procession and proceeded from the Baptist
church to the grove south from the court
house, where the exercises were opened by a
song, prayer by Rev. A. Brown, reading the
declaration of independence by E. G. Brad
ley, an address by Rev. W. W. Williams of
Toledo, juvenile addresses spoken by Gilbert
Beach and Carey Lindsay, interspersed with
songs by the juvenile choirs. At the close,
the youth and such others as chose to par
take, were served with a pic-nic dinner, got
up by the ladies in a style highly creditable
The address of Rev.
to their skill and taste
W. W. Williams was hishlv nnnrnnrint mi
ihnnn;nn ;cf,.:....'tnn ..i I
: , ,' " , , I""""'"
so to the youth, to whom it was morejerv
immediately directed. Rev. P. D. Ptlton!
being called upon, briefly responded in
usual happy style and instructive language.
r . . , & 1
Ihe attendance of the scholars was veryj
general, and much to their credit and that of:
their teacher?, their deportment was vervj
orderly and quiet. Parents and others wcwj
i , , .....
also there in large numbers, indicating thatl
the anniversary of that glorious day which!
birlh to our national independence, was;
suu KePl m renietnDranco; and that tliey
vi-v M Af- nil vt liiltii I f I x . . . . . I . .
!wer.e no unminuiui ot ttie utility ot culti-1
vatl"S th(r affections as well as the intellec ts
s R TiTT;,.;,! ,.:a
- . v. into noi-ui-u jho iiu
tcm. presidency of the Dayton & Michigan 1
Daniel Beckel has been elected in '
his place. Cin. Gaz.
The south is moving to secure the advan
tages they have gained by the aid of north
lnnJurginS slavcliolders to remove immediately
iinu uuiioas , iu iuuic iuiiu, uuu Keep it ne
spite the government or anybody else; to
auoru no proiecuon iy aoumionists, l. e
itors. The St. Louis Republican an-!
r.iT- i: ,.' i
of the Kansas squatter resolutions,"!
those opposed to slavery ; that slavery existsi
Wlv in Knn .;i i 1 1 .! I
it there at all hazard.. ' 1 1
The New Orleans Bulletin thinks the re
peal of the Missouri compromise was wrong, j
uui, ucuaue ii was t-iiecmu y a norwiei'll
senator, (but a slaveholder,) suj
threatens a dissolution ot the
II Li 1 1 . ! .. rti
" iV. rueni: me
limes & Sentinel, of Columbus, Ga., prone-
Li on .should
the democratic party in order to control the
government. ihe union will more than
probably take place. If such things are go
ing on in the south, why should not union
of all parties in the north take place to op
pose and thwart the designs of the south to
form a slave republic? To aid in this
scheme, the president, a few days since, ask
ed congress to appropriate 10,000,000 to
pay for more Mexican barrens, secured by
the Gadsden treaty. This, with 810,000,000
improperly given to Texas, and 6(3!500,000
more, now proposed to be given to her, makes
821,500,000 which we have been and are to
be robbed of, uselessly, to promote slavery
extension. Let the people of the free states
think of these things, and act as their best
judgment may dictate. A fearful crisis is
impending oJer us, and it must be met. O.
Anti-Nebraska Meeting at Portageville.
Agreeable to previous notice an anti-Nebraska
meeting was held at Portageville, Ju
ly 4, 1804. The meeting was organized by
calling Geokge W. Bairu of Perrvsbur. to
the chair as president, and S. M. Breese of
Gilead, as vice' president, and appointing
Joseph F. Wade and E. Elliott as secretaries.
The object of the meeting having been
stated by the chairman, on motion a com
mittee was appointed on resolutions.
Judge Cook of Perrysburg was called on
for a speech, and he proceeded to occupy the
attention of the audience for about two
hours, in a masterly and telling manner, lay
ing open to the comprehension of every one
the astounding frauds perpetrated in the Ne
braska and Kansas iniquity, and the gross
corruption from the highest office in the
gift of the people, down to a superintenden
ey of our public works, and by and through
which the passage of said act was consum
mated. After the report of the committee, the fol
lowing resolutions were adopted almost
Whereas the recent passage of the. act or
ganizing t lie Kansas and Nebraska territories,
legalizing the introduction of slavery therein,
is in violation of a solemn compact, and
whereas all parties of the south, with a few
honorable exceptions, united for this end.
and were opposed by tho great inajoritv of
t lie north, therefore
Hewlvfd That we recognize but two polit
ical parties in this country, one a slave oli
garch v, composed of slavery propagandist
01 1110 souUl I,1U tllcir v adherents at th
north, and the other the democracy of th.
people, who are opposed to vn?Suluu of ev
form and under every eircumsta"
Itesolvrd, J hat since the issue.
hisiiorcea lllHm tho l10pleof the north betweei
uitn! S " Iiarttth,ereof re
hiciantly but determinedly accept the same.
Ih'olm!, That the passage of th .act
known as the Nebraska act, in pretending t
carry ollt 1ac principle of non-intervention,
isf a4,ross iiPition upon the intelligent,
, of the people of the north and acts d recti v
countor to that end.
Judge Cook and S. Jeff.
ed to attend the convention at Columbus on
the iJin July, lb04, as delegates for Wood
... - A - I 1 - 1 . 1 t
county, alter which the meeting adjourned,
Reduction in the State Levy.
rA1 ? " ""ftooJ that IcV'
iui tiuic ihiiiium' lias urrn rpniirnd in .
Auditor of State from 31 cents on the'hun
railroad. dred dollars to 3.) 4
.... - . . . .. . tin. uuiuiiui
dollars, ltns lact has been seized on by
some of the Democratic papers as showing
that the taxes of each individual tax i-.av.-r
will be less this year than last, and the nub-
i : i - i i i . . .
"L".,T , , ldU ,asl' an pn')
lie nave been advised to congratulate thnm
selvps on thn Vn J ?, , V ' !' '
take that this fact leads to any such result.
Each individual who has the same property
this year as he had last will pay the sam'"
li'mnniinl if Tl, . .. ,1 1
Tl " . -n ' "B,Plns i
lhus 1 hc Property which last yea
wna PU 0,1 tll0.t.ax 'lst t Sl.000, is thi
dl ' tje fpa;t
hundred cloliars and t h T
wanted. This .Car '
year put on at 81,437 the productively.
of the property in tho meantime not having
changed the least. Last year the Auditor
aiitetl to raise 85.10 from that piece ot
levied (mitatthe rate of 51 cents on the
same sum from the same property, and find
ing it chalked up to 81,437, he levies on it
at the rate of 35 J cents per hundred dollars,
and gets his 80.10 again.
The whole thing umounts to just this :
The valuation of each man's property has
been raised on the duplicate in the same
proportion that the levy has been dimin
ished. Take this county, Hamilton, for instance.
The total on the duplicate last year was
nearly 82 millions ; this year it will amount
probably to 120 millions. On this basis the
levy of 35J will produce a trifle more than
the basis of S2 millions at 51 cents. We
suppose the Auditor meant to secure full as
much as on the old basis, and the re
duced levy will doubtless do it. In Mont
gomery county last, year, the duplicate was
seventeen millions, this year it is twenty-four
millions. The former sum at 51 cents on
the hundred dollars will produce 836,700 ;
the latter at 36 cents on the hundred dollars
will produce 886,400 a difference of only
8300. In Champaign county, the personal
property has increased from $2,409,136 last
year, to 83,509,365 this year. The per
sonal property taxed last year at 51 cents on
the hundred, produced $12,286. The per
sonal property m the same county taxed this
year but 36 cents on the hundred, will pro
duce, 812,633 an increase of $347 on the
personal property alone. About the same
showing might be made as to the entire
State. Cin. Gazette.