Newspaper Page Text
THE PERRYSBUM JOURNAL.
BY S. CLARK.
"Agriculture, Commerce, Manufactures."
81.50 In Advance
PERRYSBUltG, WOOD COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, AUGUST 19, 1854.
The Ship-of the Line Pennsylvania.
The Portsmouth (Va.) Transcript says or
cts liiive been received for dismantling the
United States diip Pennsylvania, iu conse
quence of the rotten und damaged condition
jf her spars and ringing. H-jre is a single
jact that will weigh more with the people
in forming on estimate of tho mannein
which the affairs of the navy have been
i-( nducted, than any amount of declamation
r argument. They have been told in Con
gress, and through tlie newspapers, t!iat this
''UK favorite branch of the public service
hm been neglected or rnisni filiated, until it
has l'.ilien into a condition of ineliicicncy and
iemoralisition in the highest degree discred
itable to us as one of the greatest comnvr-
ial nations of the. earth. This disagreeable
intelligence has been repeated to often that
it has sunk into the minds of many, and wc
presume the opinion has generally obtained
that the credit of the country imperatively
demaiv.is that something should be done at
oncn to restore tho navy to its former state
l us-tuhiefs and respectability. A fact
iik ; l hn on;; above stated must deepen that
;uuiuu into conviction, ihe Pennsylva
nia, at (.;;; time her heel was laid, some 20
'dd years ago, was intended to be the most
powerful vessel of war ever put ofioat.
She was built at Philadelphia, and in
i37 was ready to receive her armament.
iler rate is 120 nun?, but -h-.j is capable of
carrying 140. Ller tonnage must b; con--iderui
ie. over 2,000, and her full comple
;rrnt of men, when prepared for active ser
vice, would be at least 1,'JOO. Four or five
.. .;;rs after the Pennsylvania ns finished,
'.he navy department ordered her around to
Norfnlk. She was supposed to hi scarcelv
-vo-wrr'hy at the time, haM'ns laid in l'"e
i i .-it . i . ... . .
i'eiawnre uiuu ner iimuers i:ai su:;.red lrom
. , . ... .... r ....... . . 1 - .i
11.- iiilis i 11.1:1; uj;u w ormr?. v nntrvr
11 r ,
was really . saf, vessel or not, wo are
,.ab:.. to ,uy; .but the brave old Comrno-
h.r- w r was invited to take command of
her, on the vova.e down the Delaware and
"? !:,r,-t"1,hr(0rt Jan!, he only ona I
Ve ever made by the way, MnxcA the per- j
.uyvrvu-e and she was tal.eu around by
,n yiheer ot lower rank, reaelnn- her desti -
xTln la ,?letV' S?9n fbfl"Si;-vtll
eho-u, and the weather hung favorable.-
:-he has been at the yard ever since, serving!
:. reo'ivwi . tr.iv v.n-n u f; nm-n -u-nr
ouhl have answer;:! th.; purine just as!
in t f( til ! flirt tltA iritiw .1.. 1..
well and all the time noiiu: to di-rav nnd
'ilepidation at a Tapifl rute. She has cost
he p-opL', all told, not l.-ss than a million
d iollars, and for all tin aii vantage she has
leen to tlie country, the money miht as
wdl have been thrown into the sea. Buff.
The Pj:n.-iun SvkTi;:.i or Exulak;). The
-ystem of pensioning the widows and or
plnns cf public servants, military or civil,
nowhere carnied to such aa extent as in
I'nlaml. Even an ensign's widow has a
pension. Of pura: it ceases if she marry
:'.!;:iin. Then if there be children they are
usually provided for out of what is called
.1... 11 . . . -a r . ....
me - compassionate innu each child re
ceiving ten poundj a year, ceasing when a
boy attains the age of IS, and continuing to
1 girl until the becomes married. In the
civil service, every oiiiccr pays about 5 per
rent, towards a superannuation fund, which
provides him, after thirty years service, with
about two-thirds the salary lie has been re
ceiving for the last year of his work. Thus,
; man with GU0 a year, would retire ln an
annual allowance, during the rest of his life,
of 100. There is a pension, also, for wid
ows and children. As every civilian must
contribute to this fund; aa half of them
never marry, and as a fifth of them do not
live long enough to be superannuated, the
fund has a smaller drain upon it than might
be imagined, and in fact has a great surplus
now of capital over expenditure.
Joshua R. Giddings has published an ad
dress to his constituents, declining to be a
candidate for congress at the coming election.
Death of Pizarro.
This month, probably this day, three hun
dred and thirteen vearr, aeo. Pizarro was
murdered in his own house. A writer in
Blackwood thus notice;! the event :
" They that take the sword shall perish
by the sword." ?y the sword hs had risen ;
by the: swerd he was to perish not on some
well fought battle-field, with shouts of victo
ry ringing in his ear; but in his palace hull,
by the assassin's blade. In his own fair capi
tal of Lima,tho city of kings, the gem of the
Pacific, which had sprung up, under his
auspices, with incredible ran Hit. v. fur Pi-r.
ro seemed to impart his vast energy to all
about him, a score of conspirators, assem
bled at the house of Almagro's son, plotted
.his death. It was on a Sunday in June,
1511, at the hour of dinner, that they burst
into his apartment with cries of " Death to
the tyrant." A number of visitors were
with him, but they were imperfectly armad,
and deserted him, escaping by the windows,
and his half-brother, Martinez de Alcantora,
two pages, and as many cavaliers, were all
who Stood forward in in-f, nf iV-.;,- rh',f
v. 11 . , 1 I .1 . 11 U11LL1.
ihey soon fell, overpowered by numbers and
covered with wounds. But Piznrro was not
the man to meekly meet his death. Alone,
without armor, his cloak around one arm,
his good sword in his right hand, with a
vigor nnd intrepidity surprising at his ad
vanced uge, the old hero kept his cowardly
assailants at bay.
"What, hof' he cried, "traitors, have
yen come to Juil me in my own house?'
tv;e wr t. .
"o'niisi, i iiuniuis. i izarro instantr-
grappling with his opponent, he ran him
through with his swo d. B t, at hat tZ
ment, he received a wound in the throat ami
reeling, he sunk on th , Hon r, Sn the
swords of llada and several othe ?vcre
phlnged into his bodv. Jesu !" exclaird
the Uyiug man; ami, tracing a cross v t
his bloody finders on lie floor" he bent down
his head to kiss it, wh en a ' strote mor"
frion.lly than the rest, put an end to hh ev
Which is the Happier Man1? Wehior
. - r i . .. . av 1 .
arms, he thrust
' ' 1.
a man in Ahchigan who lives on the interest
of his money, and it amounts to only 70
per annum. He has. it is t run a email h
with one room in it, three or four acres of
land, and keeps a cow, a couple of pigs and
a few hens; yet he and his wife always ap-
yy.ni uuccnui anu contented, and preserve a
respectable appearance on their 670 a year.
We know a man in New York, who ex
pends 625,000 per annum for his household
expenses. He pays for gas-light more than
the whole income of the Michigan man. He
makes annual holiday presents to more than
the whole amount of the property of the
Michigan man. It costs him a sum six times
as large as the whole income of our philoso
pher to support a single w-aiter.
Wc know them both very well, and we
think our Michigan friend by far the happi
er, healthier and more enviable man. They
an both advanced in years. The cheapness
ot books and papers places abundance of ra
tional enjoyment in the power of the coun
tryman; an accumulation of physical ills,
and a necessity for intense activity, deprive
the citizen of calm and quiet enjoyment and
reflection. The former, in the probable
course of events, will die of old age at nine
ty, the latter at seventy.
Such is the distribution of happiness and
wealth. Toledo Blade.
" He that giveth to the poor lendeth unto
the Lord " whisnom1 nnnnn n:v, i-
handed tho contribution box to a well-known
Wall street note shaver. " That may be,''
said the money-changer, but he don't give
v..w jv. vi.ut, u luumu iur nib money.
Song of the Harvesters.
BY S. D. HARRIS.
We p-athcr them in tho bright green leaves,
"With our scythes and rakes to-d.iv,
Anl the mow grows bi,, 33 the pitcher heaves
His lifts in the oweltoriny hay.
O ho ! aficM ! for tho mower's scythe,
Ihith a rircjas of destiny,
Sweeping the earth cf it 3 burthen lithe,
A3 it sings in wrathful glee.
Ve gather them in the nodJinjr plumes
Of the yellow a7id bended grain,
And the flash of our sickles' light illumes
Our light o'er the vanquished plain.
Anon Ave come with the steed-drawn car
The cunning of modern laws,
And the acres ?toop to its clanging jar,
As it reeks its hungry jaws.
Wo gather them in the mellow fruits,
From tho shrub, and vine, and tree,
Yk iu their russet mrt golden and purple suits,
J o garnish our treasury,
And each hath a juiev treasure stored
All aricath its tinted rind,
To cheer our guests at the social board,
i uen we leave our cares behind.
YAj gather it in this goodlv store,
iiut not with the miser's gust,
Forthe Groat All-Father we adore
lialh but given it in trust.
A nd our work of death, is but for life,
In the wintry days to conic,
Then a Messing upon the renper'3 strife,
And a shout at his IlAKvr.sx Home.
Another New State. A correspondent
of the Cleveland Plaindealer, writing from
La Poxnte, on Lake Superior, says :
The white inhabitants along the shore of
uie idAe are now agitating the question of
pOliltS Ot Wisconsin and Minnnait. K i
, - 'iiiin.oyia UUIUCE-
mg on the la lie appropriately naming it
the state of Superior. There is n manifest
propriety in this, i
- " mi; tiiUlU 1.1-
terests ot the section named are similar, and
the cumoersome method of getting to their
-.Lov-a,. uapuaiis tiie strongest argu
ment in favor of the change. At present a
r"iUeu ."u "P1! 01 Wisconsin, Mich
igan, or Minnesota, dnrintr ihn -:n(n.
attended with no little inconvenience.
7iafs"1 xae legislature could not take
tapir families to the capital and spend th"
wmtci, w hile along the lake can be found
means of communication from one point to
Distances to Sax T?v .ivnm t tt...
p lias latelv published a table of distances
lrom New Itor.t to San Francisco hv th ve
nous routes now in operation, as well as
those proposed. We copy them as a matter
of general interest, without vouching for
wiif uuirecmess lartner than the respectable
character of the authority is regarded as
worthy of evidence :
, . . Miles.
via Panama, 5,254
" Honduras, d Sfifl
, ," .. " Tehuantepec, 4,369
...... r.v.J6 lw ltll. oiciger, we nave the
toilowing distances for the various routes
proposed for the Pacific railway:
N.York to routefs.GSO
" " Central " 3,160
' " Southern " 3.0S1
It thus appears that the saving in distance
which would be effected by the proposed
southern, or shortest route, of the Pacific
railway, over the Honduras, or shortest Isth
mus route, is but 1,259 miles. The differ
ence between the railroad and the other
routes, is not so rrMt x,-n wi c 1
(O. b. Journal.
It is estimated thnt c;
of the cholera at Jessore, in British India, in
Ibi7, not less than eighteen millions of the
human family have fallen victims to it
about fifteen or sixteen millions of whom
have died 111 India and other parts of Asia,
and the remainder in Europe and America
What is goiko on in St. Petersburg.
A correspondent of the New Badford Mer
cury (an American,) writing from St. Peters
burg, on the 27th June, says :
" Since my arrival here, on the 10th of
June. I have bean waiting for thr attar f
hit Lnarles Tiapier noon Cronst.idt.nml if
has been hourly expected. But not an En-
11- 1 . 3
usii orrencn sail nas Dcen seen from Croa
stadtjantil this morning, when a large divis
ion of the fleet was seen approaching slowly.
The fortifications at Cronstadt are van
strong, and Napier will have a warm recep
tion. English boosting produces considera
ble merriment here. They say that Napier
in a speech made before leaving London,
concluded by saying that he would lunch at
Cronstadt and dine, at St. Patersburgh upon
the same day. I am told that the Grand
Duke Constantine, while examining the for
tifications a few days since, after expressing
his approbation and complimenting tha en
gineers upon their skill, remarked that 1
was now ready to lunch Admiral Napier
but he thought the repast at Cronstadt wo old
be such as to take away his appetite for din
ner at St. Petersburg. Of one thing I car?,
assure you. The war is very popular with
all classes here, and the stories which yoj
hear of revolutions hen nn-l nf Tr,,,:i
, li '
extortion, are all utterly faflse. The English
papers are guilty ot fabricating all sorts or
reports to which no credit is tn K c-;,ror,
It may sound odd. but the Russians of St
x exersourg can tne English barbarians. The-
say "If the English feel bound to proper
lurkey why do they not go to Constanti
nople ? Why do they come uoon our Fin
land coast to kill innocent people, burn lit
tle villages, destrov nrivnt" r.mTt-. ' ,,St
take away small vessels belnncnncr
poor peasants ? And this they do where n-'.
troops are quartered and where there cai-io
be the least resistance. These are the acs 0- -barbarians."
There are some truth in tnen
remarks. To see little villages, unproced
and unoffending, totally 'destroyed with
many of their inhabitants, for the "preten h 1
protection of Turkey, suggests only coward ice
to the Americrn mind?'
The Farmers' Union Store, of Canton, O
possesses a capital of R iO 0.10 n,? ;3 ..'.., '.1
by seventy farmers and mechanics. The as
sociation own an excellent flour mill, witii
a hundred acres cf valuahla l.m-l n .-i
besides other real estate. Thn c,;:;..
-..w i.uuia 41Ui i
has been doing business one year. It ha,
owned the mill si-r or picrht Trr,,. -A
board of directors declared a rfivi'mi
the 8th ult.. at the end nf thalr
year, ot 00 per cent. Twenty per cent -,va
paid over to the stockholders in cash, and
1 pur ueiu. was retained and added to the.
capital stock, for the purnose of mst;;,
Ihe agents are Hurford & Brother, two
most excellent business
energy and integrity is due no inconsiderable
Midie ui me creau 01 ine exceedingly ?ati
factorv results of the. first vmc v,.;',, ' .
A centleman writing from nnl,,,.,., c.
on the 1st inst., savs :
1 have just eaten one of Charles A. I'e.h-
bOflV 5 "nram?nmolrm! Tk. j
on like a cut oramze. and ih moat
lobes without disclosing the seed, Wactlv
like an oranse. Th mpat 73 oil r
red and very ncn, besides being so beautify
when served in a glass dish. I have never
seen anything in tha mpl fin llrt c?i- I,-.., .
so pretty, and withal so good. The seed,-
lllllli 1 flR TPnPM If r iH.mn.l
Another NuNnn Cn-m,- x s 1 1
, . -1W.UU13 jai i
to have arisen between the foreign and Ame-
ncan Dorn Dishops of the Catholic church in
thlS COUntrv. a5 tr ranV an.l
culty has been referred to the Pope at Rome
It is expected that he will despatch another
nuncio to this rnnntre in )
-- - j , " uuuo ui ueai
ing the dissensions notwithstanding the bad
success ot uedini.