Newspaper Page Text
-trtt-r nmm 1' W.W"
BY S. CLARK.
' ' "Agriculture, Commerce, Manufactures"
$1.50 In Advance.
PERRYSBURG, WOOD COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1854.
San Francisco and its Environs.
It is well known that this city is located
on u series of ltills and hollows, about seven
inileiumi the Pacific Ocean. The capacity
of its "harbor can be imagined, when il is
-iated that the bay of San Francisco is fifty
miles long and bix miles wide; and that
this hay interlocks with others, making a
chain of one hundred and twenty-five miles
in length, where ships of every conceivable
draft can float in safety. On the- borders of
this chain there are the finest lands in the
world some rich prairie, and some b.:auti-
fully sprinkled over with live oak and other
true", with wide-spreading tops, giving:
whole districts of country the appearance
of an immense park.
The natural iirass is w ild oats, which
grow luxuriously to the very tops of the
highest hills, and thick enough for the scythe
any wh'-re.. Cattle subsist on these oats sum-!
iner and winter. In some places clover is!
indigenous, and covers the uncultivated soil,
it'll a thick mat. Excepting near the- city,
when; the toil is not productive, the whole
range of country on the borders of these;
bins, is under a high state of cultivation.
Such fields of wheat as are now being har-;her
tested there, were perhaps never seen in any
country. Labor is so expensive that the
farmer cannot bestow much time in culti-
vating the ground, but carelessly as his work!
is done, he raises from forty to seventy bush-,
els to the. acre. , e t
Immediately across the bay of Sin l-ran-tBn(l
risen, Oakland is situated; a town which,
aspires to the name ot city, having a char-:
ir and corporation privilege. It is embow-,
in dude trees of the most boautiiul;
description, and the cottages have the an-
perauce of having been built in a great old'
nv.-li.inl f'.lnut iv is tl.fi little, town nt
i ii w, M i W n a little grove on thej
open prairie, having a wharf, and also a fine!e
hotelwell kept, the rarest thing in ail Cali-j
tomiu To l oth thesj places' -team ferrv
orniu. to notii tue.c piacts aum icrry
boats ply constantly.
Tassing on around the bay in a southerly
direction, wecome to Union City, the coun-
tv seat of Almuda county, a place of but
olie mission of San Jose, situated at the
tase oi" some high hills which overlook
, . re, Ti
j the choicest spots in Cahiornia. 1 nis
nission was established bv the Jesuits more
the remains of an orchard of pear trees, of
,h, fruits of WtMmUrcc.iW.v.;UMr
irns ore nam was gTeauy nijuien u me
i -..;.. stntP vnl.m.err troons in t!v, Mi.
ari war, who made it a pasture, lot for their
animal. It is now owned or claimed by
L. T.eard. Esq., a Mormon, who
the old mission buildings into sta-'stadt.
hlea for horses and cattle. Going on south,
through a country of surpassing loveliness,
we come to the town or city of San Jose,
the first capital of the State, and four miles
distant is the mission of Santa Clara, and,
an American town of recent growth, of the
same name. The Catholics and Methodists
MM. u n,, f,,nl,
learning at this place. The country all!
m. u-., w r;,X ;
,t;r,,l n,,,l ;a o.-nnnlW ndmittp.l t n h
the most charming of any in California.
The valley is watered by various streams,
ana oy puiung uown an auger u lew nun-
the pure, fresh water gushes out, copiously,
on the highest ground. INow, fuming the
end of the bay, we. come back to-jneer
wards ban rrancisco
the. world round and
more charming drive
Santa Clara to Tulzas
spread out on the rkht, stretching dovtn
gently to the clear blue water lofty hills con
stituting part of the coast range, tipped with
tall pine trees, towering up in magnificent
grandeur on the left, while you drive on and
on, through a series of beautiful parks with
wild flowers, clover, and wild oats, growing
up luxuriously under the green trees, for a dis
tance of twenty miles.. There can ba no
prettier country than this any where this
side of heaven. Such is the country around
or near San Fruncisco.at this moment teem
ing with rural beauties and agricultural pro
ducts. Some day, not far distant, an iron
rail will be laid down, one end of which will
I... . . t : w ...mi u i:.i .KL
Qt m. ijuuis. ii in iaiu mu
ground last described.
The prosperity of San Francisco is not so
rapid as formerly. Heretofore every pound j
of flour, meat, and nearly all the grain and
vegetables consumed by the population of
the State passed through this city, affording;
business und employment for thousands of!
.Now no flour comes from Chili, and but
j little from the Atlantic States, for the reason
that, in addition to a large stock of old
flour on hand, the country is full of wheat,
It is also full of cattle and hogs, and of bar
w j ley to feed them on, and the country raises
jits own bread and meat, and the country
people send it 1o the mines themselves, and
,the consequence to San Francisco is, that
trade in provisions is not one quarter
what it was two years ago.
From the London Times.
England's Strength—Neglect of Means.
England has advantages possessed by no
other nation on earth in money, material,
IT1ec-laiiical skill. Her means, properly
ai,pje(if wouij renjer cr invincible at
10mc aml j rrc&istible abroad, but they are
systematically neglected by our war admin
rred jstration A great fleet has been sent to the
j i;illtjc. but the improvident admiralty did
Qt take limR ,0 lhmk of tlu gh(jals aud lhe
... v. .I r 1 ... . i.r r--
' Q a "s g The Dai ly
v " shallow w aters l ie .uau
ews scnslbly remarks on the defects m our;
Already the powder made in England
said to be considerably stronger than that in
use in Russia. Is the. government quite sure
ought not to b
incurred to make it so? 1
onei'Alreadv the guns made in England are ex-
i . i ii i i . i
; tremel v strong and well made, but there
no end" to the strength which, with our fa-i
i not be given to them. The oak of England,
,ooghe,u oak; but ,hf;e ca.
i no quesiion oi our aomiy to uuua Doais oi
sntWnt .,vnath m 1 1, Urnt nTlf1 1
(heaviest gnu that can be made, and to send
! the heaviest ball with the greatest force nec
E. haslessary to knock down the walls of Cron
turned If ten. or twenty, or fifty such boats
have been built, and one such gun placed in
'each of them, we have, heard nothing of the
'spirited exertion. That is the sort of cun-
boat, however, required in the Baltic boats!,.
of great strength, carrying one great gun,
suplied with the very best powd?r,
; ha itig a steam engine as compact as can be
uih a steam engine as compact as can be :
Such boats can be made invulnerable, a!
.,,ii...n . t. ,u . . ...m:. '
stPn m t ?t nf , h i f ,1
; the guns for the Baltic ought to be moving
batteries and nothing else without a stick
except, trie ensign stair to ttispiay tne nag
; whether he be sailor or 'soldier ; she can be
j placed, therefore, in any position the engi
southern pleases she can, for example, be kept
not only be made doubly strong to resist
shot, but it might also, at a comparatively
small expense, be covered with an elastic
material like vulcanized india-rubber or gut
tapercha. or something of that kind, which
would be impenetrable by shot. A ball
might drive the boat back, but it could not
enter its sides.' Gun-boats, with guns car
rying further than the guns of Cronstadt,
might safely batter that or any other for
tress. Such a gun-boat, so armed, does not re
quire to come to anchor with springs on her
cables like a great ship, in order to keep her
111 position. She is low anil small
, ; . . . "b
a marie uimcult to hit, especially by gunners
whose nerves may be a little shaken by the
stones she knocks about their ears, and she
may always bs kept in motion, movin"
backwards and forwards, so as to increase
her chance of escaping a shot, while the
lame fort offered a mark that rnnlrl npr hp
moved or missed. Fifty sixty or a hundred
?p thkSasta Fe Maiu,-
sensation 1S felt in our town at the
eSmm"g ofeaiLh. mont' whe.n the U fr
, d ture of tfa j arrives. Messrs.
UqcVuAav &. Hal' arP nrmnr n.,t ihpir
uotKauaj x nai. are carrying out their
,p V " it?f,J?,I;, ?
here and Santa Fe. They consist of a coach
with three seats, so arranged, when the
become a soft and
gh for the accom
modation of four persons. It is of course
lf ttlOCO Kn-Wc nrtCrrl.t I. I : .1 1 l
every fort they could, ba brought within:
reach ot. It is only a question of time and
powder ; and even now, six months after it
was known Ave should be at war, no proper
advice has been asked, and no proper means
taken to have such a fleet of gun-boats. We
have a superb fleet of great ships which can
scarcely act ; we have nearly half a thousand
vessels lying up in our harbors to rot, or re
quiring a continual expense to prevent them
rotting ; but we have not got a large num
ber of gun-boats or batteries, moved solely by
steam, armed only with one great gun, made
in the best manner and provided with the
best powder, offering an almost safe means
of assailing and destroying the enemy. All
advantages are on our side, because the me
chanical powers of England are so much
greater than those of "Russia ; and if the gov
ernment knows not how to employ it, such
ignorance is highly discreditable to the au
thorities, especially to the permanent Admi-
aruLt n' oe!
uacKs are let down, as to
iS:i,.,: rnnru onn .
ZlZ 7r: , r k . 1 I 1
1a,i naccoarB 1L. C 1
: .v, j
F.rsons occupj ng the hindmost seat may be
that secies of stock
andjTj,ose mules crrt from
LivtL,,. u ,&4i,-
completely secluded from those in front.
The coach is drawn by six mules, of the best
description and now in fine condition. A
wagon, also drawn by six mules, carrying a
portion of the mail matter, baggage, of pas
sengers, and such other packages as are con
fided to the company for transportation.
Th ree outriders, mounted on mules and a
spare one besides, making the entire number
amount to sixteen.
(ins to two hunrlrpH
,in u .u: i... i . .
uouais racn, m tins marKei, ana are me Desi
' Th" H
-I ha conductors and drivers, five m all.
VQ eacli arnied with a Colt s revolver, of
dragoon size, and a Sharp's rifle, supposed to
oe tne most deadly ot alt the weapons in use.
It shoots with immense force and precision,
at the distance of 250 yards, and in the
ife0:0' S?1 ed l".ltS n??'
can be discharged thirteen times to the min
ute. It will thus be seen that the force ac
companying the mail, would be more than a
- X mi
sixty dollars per month. The weight of
mail matter for the present month, is about
Messrs. Hockaday & Hall deserve to make
money by their enterprise, and we doubt
not they will do so. Agrarian, Indepen
The Gold Mines.
Some two and a half years ago, a friend
who had been in this country, and had labor
ed in the mines, and had taken back about
$6,000, which he had obtained there, on
hearing that I was about to start to Califor
nia, wrote tome to say, "that it. was the
poorest country in the world ; that the soil
could never be made productive, and as for
the mines, they would soon give out." And
this was the impression of very many per
sons who had spent a few months only in
California, and who had never fairly tested
her capacities. But it turn3 out that the
truth is to the contrary of all this; that the
productiveness of the soil is truly wonder
ful, while the mines continue to yield more
abundantly than ever. It is true that many
of the surface diggings are worked out, but
it has been ascertained within the last year,
that the whole district of country lyin at
the base of the Sierra Nevada moun fain
range, being from twenty to forty miles wide
and some four hundred miles in length, cov
ered with hills and small mountains, ' con
tains rich deposits of gold. Mining opera
tions have been transferred, in many instan
ces, to these hills, into the sides of which the
miners tunnel, aiming to strike the rim of a
basin where the gold has been deposited.
After proceeding to a sufficient depth, they
sink a shaft from the top of the hill inter
secting the tunnel. When this is done they
conduct a stream of water to the upper end
of the shaft and turn it in, and then the pro
cess of melting down the hill commences.
By the aid of a common fire engine hose,
and by dint of digging and applying the
water to give it force against the earth, the
entire hill 6ide is washed out, and the gold '
found therein is gathered at the outer end
of the tunnel. , But these hills are so numer
ous that ages on ages will pass away before
their richness can be fully ascertained, much
less extracted. But the eternal source of
gold lies in the quartz rock. Immense and
countless leads of these extend in a north
west and south-east direction the entire
length of the State. These gold-bearing
rocks were the original matrix or mother of
gold. The choice spots heretofore wrought
are places where the quartz rocks hare been
dissolved and decomposed by the action of
the elements through countless ages. Unman
skill will find some method of decomposing
these rocks will steal a march on the tardy
process of nature and millions of gold will
ba extracted from the yellow backs and ribs
of these mountains.
Longevity. The Portsmouth Journal gives
an account of Andrew Drew, Esq., who is
now living in Durham, N. II., at the ad
vanced age of 100 years, and not a grey hair
upon his head, which is quite free from bald
ness. He had a wife and two sisters; his
wife died at the age of 95 years ; one of his
sisters is now living at the- advanced age of
103 years, the other died at the age of 95.
Mr. Drew lived with his wife 76 years, and
has always enjoyed good health ; for 76 years
he did not fail to be present at the annual
town meeting, and during the time he has
1 il i . -
tuvvuys mrown a wnig vote. As several in
quiries were made as to his manner of living,
an answer is given, from which we learn
that he has always been industrious and
temperate, used a moderate share of spirits,
rose early in the morning, managed his own
farming affairs, and meddled with no man's
business but his own.
The Duty of Counsel. The 'papers are
recalling an anecdote of Daniel Webster,
who, it is said, once cleared a Boston broker,
who had doue a dishonorable and swindling
act, by taking advantage of his law knowl
edge, and quashing the indictment almost
without an argument. The broker, amazed
at his advocate's skill, and overioved at h'.
escape, eagerly pressed towards Webster and
aneinpiea io grasp his nana; Dut the thun
der gathered on the great lawyer's brow, and
he froze his client to the soul bv these words
" I take' no villain by the hand,"