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THE ' PERRYSBURG JOURNAL
SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 185 lT"
The Washington Union, the organ of the
president at Washington, and all southern
democratic papers and politicians, declare
that adherence to the Nebraska bill and the
repeal of the Missouri compromise, consti
tute the true test of democracy. Southern
whig politicians are nearly unanimous in
javcr of this position also. But in the north
we find great diversity of profession of sen
timent among the party leaders on the sub
ject, some insisting upon the repeal of the
compromise as democratic, others being wil
ling to allow of some toleration where dif
ference of opinion exists among members of
the party. In Lucas county they 2fes
oleration, but nullify and stultify the " pro
fession'' by requiring every democrat to vote
an " unscratched ticket!" Here is what
"hey say in county convention :
Resolved, That the territorial policy of the
present administration presents considera
tions upon which democrats do and may
differ,- and we deem it inexpedient to hold
them politically responsible for their indi
vidual opinions upon that question.
Resolved, That the best test of a democrat
is an unscratched ticket.
In Wood county, the leaders are more im
perious, arbitrary and tyrannical, and depend
less upon cunning than force to drive the
party team rough shod over the people.
Here is what was said by a meeting of choice
spirits, held at Portageville on the 15th of
July last :
4. Resolved, That the course taken in the
fusion convention, held at Portageville on
the fourth of the present month, by Asher
Cook, a man who holds the office of probate,
judge at the hands of the democracy of this
county, and wrho sot that station bv repre
senting himself to be a democrat, as well as
the course of other so-called democrats, his
associates, has forfeited the confidence of
the democracy of this countv: and we do
here ia convention this day assembled, de
clare that they are no longer to be regarded
as members of the democratic party, and that
we,sball hereafter treat them accordingly.
Now what had Asher Cook and his demo
cratic associates done to stir up the wrath
of these brethren of his at Portageville to
such a pitch ? He had made a public speech
there, in which he sternly condemned the
violation of national faith involved in the
repeal of the Missouri compromise; and
censured Mr. Pierce for violating his own
pledge to stand by the Baltimore platform,
thrice voluntarily given, and to do all in his
power to prevent a renewal of the slavery
agitation. This is what Judge Cook did,
and what his associates approved, and it is
all they did. Is there anything in it wrong
or undemocratic ? Is this a just and suffi
cient cause to drive men from the party?
"Who appointed these men to si tin judgment
upon other men? And while they were
about it, why did they not turn out Mr. Ed
.grton and his 45 fellow members of congress
from the democratic party, who opposed the
breach of faith as violently as Judge Cook
does: and while reconstructing thev might
ns well take in the entire whig party of the
-outh fuse with it why not?
These Portageville men say, in effect, that
democrats may think as they please in re
gard, to the breach of honor involved in the
repeal of the Missouri compromise, but they
must stick to the president and party, right
or wrong, and if they dare to grumble or ut
ter a word of remonstrance, they shall be
read cut of the party and excommunicated
with all the pomp and ceremony attendant
upon a papal bull.
This is the kind of toleration that exists
in Wood county. It is the toleration of a
tyrant, who places his heel upon your neck
and bids you think as you please, so long as
you only obey him. It is the toleration of
a master extended to his slave, and it is very
appropriately exhibited on the side of slave
ry in its contest with freedom. That con
test is but now fairly begun. Time will soon
show who is the true democrat of freedom,
and who is the false democrat of slavery.
" Freedom's battle, onre begun,
Bequeathed from patriot sire to son,
Though battled oft, is ever won."
jE3We have not heard of a case of chol
era in or near Perrysburg for the past week.
03" The slave democracy of this con
gressional district will meet in a delegate
convention at Napoleon on the 1st of Sep
tember next, to nominate a candidate for
congress in place of Mr. Edgerton. It is
understood that the Steedman and board of
public works influence has been promised to
Mr. Commager for the place. They have
been in the habit of controling these matters
heretofore in this quarter ; but perhaps the
people may have something to say about it
this fall. We shall sec.
A county convention of the democ
racy of Wood county has been called, to be
held at Bowling Green on Wednesday next,
the 30th inst., to appoint delegates to the
congressional convention, and to nominate
candidates for county officers. The leaders
of the party still seem determined to be
selfish, to have everything their own way,
and divide all the offices exclusively among
Putnam's Monthly for September.
.We have received from the publishers this
number of Putnam. It certainly presents a
very attractive table of contents.
We notice articles on " The Wilds of
Northern New Yoik," "Literature of Alma
nacs," "The Cock-Fight in Mexico," "The
Proper Sphere of Men," &c, &c. The fust
and leading article is headed " Our Parties
and Politics." After the humiliating spec
tacle that has heretofore been presented by
some of the leading periodicals of the coun
try of creeping, crouching and crawling on
all fours for sectional patronage, it is refresh
ing to find a magazine like Putnam that
speaks in tones of thunder on the moment
ous crisis of public affairs. Putnam will
lose hundreds of readers by the publication
of these bold and burning words. Let nor
thern men, who are true to themselves and
to mankind, make up the deficiency by thou
We have dwelt upon the proceedings of
the pro-slavery party so long, that we have
left ourselves little space lor urging upon
other parties their duties in the crisis. But
we will not speak to them as parties. We
will say to them as Americans, as freemen,
as Christians, that the time has arrived when
all divisions and animosities should be laid'
aside, in order to rescue this great, this beau-J
liful, this glorious land from a hateful dom-i
inatiou. As it now is, no man who express-
es, however moderately, a free opinion of
i the slave-svstem of the south, is allowed to!
hold any office of profit or trust, under the
general government. No man can be presi
dent, no man can be a foreign minister, no
man can be a tide waiter, even, or the mean
est scullion in the federal kitchen, who has
not first bowed down and eaten the dirt of
adherence to slavery. Oh! shameless de
basement that under a Union, formed for
the establishment of liberty and justice
under a Union born of the agonies and ce
mented by the blood of our parents a Un
ion whose mission it was to set an example
of republican freedom, and commend it to
the panting nations of the world we free
men of the United States, should be suffoca
ted by politicians into a silent acquiescence
with despotism ! That we should not dare
to utter the words or breathe the aspirations
of our fathers, or propagate their principles,
on pain of ostracism and political deatli !
Just Heaven ! into what depths of infamy
and insensibility have we fallen !
We repeat, that until the sentiment of
slavery is driven back to its original bounds,
to the states to which it legitimately belongs,
the people of the north ore vassals;. Vet
their emancipation is practicable if not ea-i
sy. iney nave only to evince a determina
tion to be free, and they are free. Thev are
to discard all past alliances, to put aside all
present fears, to dread no futt-.re coalitions,
in the single hope of carrying to speedy vic
torv a banner inscribed with these devices :
The Repeal of the Fugitive Slave- Law.
The Restoration of the Missouri Compromise,
No more Slave States, No move Slave
Territories, The Homestead for Free Men
on the Public Lands.
Telegraphs from Cincinnati and Chicago
represent Grimes's majority over 3,000.
House largely Anti-Nebraska ; Senate deci
dedly Anti-Dodge. Both members of Con
gress" right'' ' decided friends of freedom."
Had it not been for a trick, this the hardest
State to conquer nfter Illinois and New
Hampshire, would have been swept "clean
through." Iowa was flooded with despatch
es saying, Congress had passed the Home
stead Bill, and it was not until after the
election, and after some seven hundred votes
some say a thousand had been lost ';to the
free-side,''that the truth transpired that "Con
gress had in fact passed no Homestead bill at
all, but on the other hand the President had
vetoed the River and Harbor Bill, in the
passage of which Iowa was deeply interes
ted !" One or two counties were lost from
the want of a thorough union between anti
Nebraska democrats, whigs and freesoilers
a lesson which should not b:i lost upon any
free State or any county in it.
Missouri turns up well for Benton after
all. The reports are not agreed in detail,
yet nearly so. The Democrat sums up as
follows : The Legislature will stand. Ben
ton 60 ; Whig 63 ; Administration 37. If
this be true, Old Bullion is far stronger than
he was in 1552. The Senate stands, Whig
i . on ...: i . of i 1 1
i; jjuiuuu t.j ; .'vuii-jjeiiiuu x. ee.
The Chicago Press, a democratic paper
says of the Iowa election :
"Ihis result is not unexpected, nor lnyeiTlie
we any crocodile tears to shed over it. I he
leaders ot the Democratic party tried to make
the repeal of the Missouri Compromise a test
question, and the people floored them tor
their iniquity. Whenever our party is right,
we are reauy to iane on coat anu worn ror,
with mind, voice, heart arm and pen.
But when it plants itself - upon a great
wrong, and corrupt leaders seek to seduce
the rank and file from the ancient landmarks
of Democracy, then we think that a good
" drubbing" is the bst possible thing that
could happen for it. This is what has hap
pened in Iowa, and we do not grieve a par
tide over it."
The Spanish Revolution and Cuba.-
ine iriuunes raris correspondence stares
thatsoon alter the revolution in Spain
out, Mr. Sou e Ht Madrid for a journey ot
pleasure to the Pyrenees. His sou was dis-
patched to Paris and London with some (lis-1
patches for the American legation in those
cities, and also for Washington.
boule, since Lspartero has come into pow-
er, has no hopes of a favorable settlement of
the Cuban question, unless aided by decisive
measures on the part of the government at
Washington. He doc3not believe the (lueen
can hold her power long, and has strong faith
:.. .1... ..i.!. .. r j. i . . i i
in the ultimate success of the republican
cause. No proposition lias been made by
the Spanish government to sell Cuba, and it
is not anticipated .that, under ihe present
regime, any will b3 made, .... .
Before and after Election.
The Hon. W. E. Wording, of Racine,
Wisconsin, has published a statement in thii
Advocate, which we give in his own word?.
"In the month of October, 1852, I was in
the office of General Pierce, in Concord, N.
H., and had at that time a conversation
with him in relation to appropriations by
the General Government for the improve
ment of western Rivers and Harbors. Tak
ing a bound volume of printed speeches and
letters in his hand, he turned to the letter of
Silas Wright to the Chicago Convention, ou t
observed that the sentiments of the ietter
were his own ; that he was not in favor of
appropriations by the General Government
for the purpose, of creatine commerce in
places where it did not exist, but wheivv
it did exist, it ought to be protected and rn-
couragf.d, and that he had no more doubt of
the constitutionality and expediency of ap
propriations by the General Government for
the improvement of Western Harbors and
Rivers than he had of the constitutionalitv
land expedient v of appropriations bv th'-
In 1 n t f .
treueiiu i iu ei u in mi i lot un.- i uiiMrnci I'Ul e.
light-houses and other similar objects on th
Atlantic coast, and he added, '1 understand
the letter of Silas Wright to the Chicago
Convention to be, satisfactory to all Wes'.ern
men.' These are his statements ns th'-.
made, and to show that I am not mistaken,
I copy this statement of his, from a ineiiK -randum
then made, at Gen. Pierce's own
Comment is unnecessary and it did not
need this evidence to establish the ba-e
hypocrisy of the President.
John Wentworth, on the "Jlst ult., wrote
home from Congress to his Chicago Demo
crat as follows :
" Not satisfied with the repeal of the Mis
souri Compromise law, in order to make a
slave State of Kansas, that bulwaik of
American slavery, the Senate, has defeated
all the homestead provisions of the bill cf
the House, and substituted a graduation and
pre-emption bill, and limited as the bill i,
its provisions do not extend to Kansas.
laken alone, the senate substitute is, per
haps, well enough, and would command the
votes uf all Northern and Western men
friendly to the principle. But us a substi
tute, it i.s a great outrage. It may or mn
not pass, according to the temper ot the
House when taken up. Rut, pass or not, i.
will no: stop the demand for free farms, an I
especially in Kansas. They will hear fro
us again. There is no earthly doubt but !
IT....... i ... I I ..... ... i . . .
ziuwiKicuu uns i'tuitn otcuue n would ir.-
' i v ii . . -
uucc, jret luuortrti 10 go in AuttaJ anl ici'!
Leader. jetc with dace labor."
yuinow KscAeT: oVrTcXt jt.om tn:;
Captl-kku hy an English Wau Stkami:,:.
Tiincs iu a icaJin. &ndc iv(,. an
terestingstatement of an incident that might
lea6il . hilve becn llirnctl , nccount hx v
caplure 0f tj,., Y.mwrt Nicholas and part
!of tU(. irnpi-rial family. An Ru-dish vach:
I belonging to Lords Lichfield and Kustoii ha L
ventured so near to Cronstadt that a Rus
lt sian gteamer put out to sea with the inten
lion of cutting her oflf.
A war steamer, seeing the danger to which
tii0 yucht was exposed, advanced with all
' d t0 her reHl.f ami soon obtained such u
it. l. i rr t
pusmoa widi uie. jaciu was saveu. im.i
being accomplished, tluj commander of the
Knglish steamer put her head round, al
though the little Russian steamer could easi
ly have been captured had he known that on
board of this Russian vessel were the Em-
. Nicholas, his son the Arrhd..! f.,
ulhic, the Archduchess his wife, and the
It is whispered that there is a prospect that
I ere long a Honapartc will be raised to the
j papal throne. The present Pope is said to be-
(in very bad health, and it is not probable that
he will long survive. Of all parties, perhap
Louis Napoleon is the most interested. Hi.
cousin, Prince Lucien Ronapartc, second son
of Prince de Canino, has taken holy orders.
and is said to be in every way an digibl
i . r r.. "it i v
- j -j -
person for such an office. He would have
the advantage of being a Bonaparte and
naturalized Italian, and would probably bi
as acceptable to all parties as any other' individual,