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A Republican NewspaperSuccessor to the "Fort Meigs Reveille," and." Perry sburg Star,"
PERRYSBUUG, WOOD COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 1G, 1854.
Government of the United States.
Franklin Pikhce, of N.H., Pres., sal.$25.000
Jlsse D. Bright, of Iml.,V. P. pro tern 5,000
Win. L. Marry, N.Y., Sec. State, 0,000
Jus. Guthrie, Ky., Sec. Treasury, 0,000
Rob't McClelland, Mich., Sec. Interior, 0,000
Jefferson Davis, Miss.. Sec. War, G.OOO
J as. Ca mpbell, Penn., Postmaster Gen'l, 0,000
Caleb Cashing. Maps., Att'y General, 4,000
SUPREME COURT OF THE UN1TKD STATES.
R. 15. Taney, Mil., Chief Justice, $5,000
John M'Lf-an, Ohio, Asssociate Justice, 4,500
Jus. M. Wayne, Georgia, do do
John Catron, Tenn., do do
P. V. Daniel, Va., do do
Samuel Nelson, N. Y., do do
Kob't T. Grier, Venn., do do
Benj. R. Curtis, Mass., do do
John A. Campbell, Ala., do do
Court meets Dec. 4th, at Washington.
State Government of Ohio.
William Med ill, Governor; term of office.
2 years from the 2d Monday of Jan.. 1851.
Jumes Myers, Lieut. Gov.; term of office, 2
years from the 2d Monday of Jan., 1854.
Wm. Trevitt, Sec. of State; term of office,
2 years from the 2d Monday of Jan., 1851.
Wm. D. Morgan. Auditor of State ; term of
office ,2 years from 2d Monday of Jan.,lS54.
John G. Breslin, Treasurer of State ; term of
office ,2 years from 2d Monday of Jan. .1851.
Geo.W.McCook. Attorney General : term of
ofnce,2 years from 21 Monday of Jan. ,1851.
JUDGES OF THE SUPREME COURT.
Kiifn? P Knnnev! term ol ollice. a vears
from the 2,1 Monday of February, 1852.
Allen G. Thurman ; term of office, 4 years
from the 2d Monday of Feb., 1S52.
Thomas W. Hartley; term of office, 5 years
from the 2d Monday of Feb., 185-L
Joseph R. Swan ; term of office. 5 years from
the 2d Monday of Feb., 1S55.
Thomas MiUikin, appointed to fill vacancy;
1 year from 2.1 Monday of Feb., 1855.
MEMBERS OK BOARD OK PUBLIC WORKS.
James B. Steedman ; term of office, 3 years
from the lGlhof February, 1853.
Wavne Griswold; term of office, 3 years
from the IGUi ol Feb., 1851.
b Rlickensderfer. Jr.: term of office, 3
years from the lGt.li of Feb., 1855.
&TATE COMMISSIONER OF COMMON SCHOOLS.
Hiram H. Harney ; term ot cilice, u years
from 2d Monday of January, 1851.
At the late meeting ol railroad superin
tendents at Cleveland, tt.e lollowing tanll
was adopted :
The rates of freight on merchandize from
New York to Cleveland and Cincinnati, is
fixed at SI. 57 first class ; $1.20 second class,
and ftl third class. The following are the
rates for passenger fare. :
New Yoik to Sandusky, 814. G5; Cleve
land, 13; Detroit, $15; Chicago, $22 ; In
dianapolis. 20 ; Cincinnati, $18.50; Co
lmnbus, $16.40; Shelby, $14.75; -Xenia,
817.70: Uelletontaine, yio.au ; Jjayion via
Xenin, $18; Dayton via Gallion and Bdle
fontnine, $18; Dayton via Sandusky, 818;
Toledo, 810; Louisville, U. S. Mail Line
$20.50; Louisville, Ohio and Mississippi
$21 ; Louisville, Indianapolis, 821.
Railroad Regulations. At a meeting o
the Ohio rai road sunerintendants held
Cleveland, on the 27th November, the fol
lowing regulations were adopted :
1. Passengers will take such seats as may
be assigned them by the conductor, and they
ahall he entitled to retain them to the end
the trip: provided, that in case they vacate
them temporarily, they shall leave some ar
tide to indicate that they are. occupied.
2. Valises must be put into the baggage
car. No baggage must be placed on the seats
and no carpet hags or ouier articles weiguin
finglv or in the aggregate more than ten
pounds, shall be hung on any hook in the
passenger cars, nor anything that will annoy
3. Half fare will be. required for children
over five and under twelve years of age.
A communication from G. Sprague, Esq.,
corresponding secretary of the state board of
agriculture, having been laid before the asso
ciation, it was
lltsohtd, That this association recommend
to the railroad companies here represented,
to charge hereafter half fare, on passengers
going to state fairs, during the week of the
fair, and half the regular fright rate on
stock and other article intended for exhibi
tion, under such regulation with regard to
the details of tlw arrangern"n!s as they may
think proper to adopt. It was further
lle.aolved, That no association pass" shall
be issued or used after ihe 1st of January
next. The association adjourned to meet ut
Columbus on the second Wednesday of Feb
Taxation in New Mexico.
We have before us a number of the Santa
Fe Gazette, of September 16ih. Theleading
article is headed, "Shall we have a new
revenue law in New Mexicoo?" The editor
states the facts as they have existed from the
remotest times to the present day. It is as
tonishing to ns how any form of government
has existed w'ub Mich a system, or rather such
a want of system of taxation. The subject
has not been changed since it became a ter
ritory of the United States,. and it is a mat
ter of doubt to our minds w hether it can be
changed, except by the aid of a large body
of troops to enforce the law, and protect its
officers. To explain the present condition
of affairs, we extract a paragraph from the
The law now in force is unequal in its
operation, and fails to raise an amount ol
revenue required tor present purposes. The
only source of taxation is the old license
aw, and we have never had a general system
of revenue established ia the territory. At
resent, all the tax raised, is paid by the
merchants, tradeis, and those who keep
gaming or public houses, most of whom are
in moderate circumstances. If a man keeps
a little store in a country village, and sells
two hundred dollars worth of goods a year,
le has to pay a license tax of thirty dollars
to the territory, and the prefect can levy an
equal amount for the use of the county;
while his rich neighbor, a farmer, who owns
thousand acres of land and makes as many
fanegas of corn in a year, docs not pay one
cent tax. And again, if a poor man be
comes a pedlar, and travels about the coun
try with two burro loads ot goods, and al
though he may not sell fifty dollars worth
in a year, he is obliged to pay an annual
tax of ten dollars for each animal, while his
rich neighbor who has fifty thousand dollars
at interest does not pay tax lor his money
This is the system of taxation heretofore
adopted in New Mexico, and we ask, is it just
and equal? We say it is not, because it
makes the poor man bear all the burden of
government, and exempts the rich man, who
is best able to pay, altogether from taxation."
The traders upon whom these burdens are
laid are mostlv A mericans. No doubt, when
goods are not plenty, they contrive to get
their money hack lrom their customers, out
1ap vi net firct vnicn i J 'Ph. ' m tn t i n
houses levy their return tax from another
and less reputable class of people. But,
these two classes pay all the taxes that are
raised by government. So long have the
farmers, the lund-holders and stock-growers
been exempt from taxation, and so potent is,
and has been, their influence, that no at
tempt has been made to levy taxes upon
them. Any effort in that line would array
them against the government as one man.
While an appendage, of Mexico, it is not
be wondered at that such a state of affairs
should exist. Nobody looked for improve
ments from them, and nobody was disap
pointed. But, New Mexico is now a territory of the
United States. We have a right to look for
some of the evidences of improvement and
progress that generally mark our territories.
There should be public buildings, public
roads, bridges, school houses, &c, &c.
Sorri of these are furnished by money donated
hy Congress, but there are many things that
should bj done by the people. No progress
will ever be made, so long as everything is
left to be done by the agents of the United
States. A system of taxation, applicable
to all the property. of the. territory, real and
personal, should at once be adopted.
But here is the practical difficulty. New
Mexico has a population of about 60.000.
There are only about three hundred Ameri
cans there. The native population bears the
proportion of two hundred, to one American.
There is little or no emigration to New
Mexico, and the time is very distant when
the American population will equal that of
the native. Of course, the people elect their
legislature, and of course, they will be sure
to select only such men as will continue
their wretched system. No new system of
taxation can be adopted, except by the legis
lature. And there they are ! Time, and emigra
tion, and increase of intelligence, may pos
sibly induce a change. But, we see no rem
edy within our generation. If by any means,
a law could be passed, taxing these land
holders, &c, it would take several regiments
of troops to enforce it. We should not for
get in our insane rage for annexation, that
t he Mexican people have been, for hundreds
of years, plodding along with a system to
tally different from ours, and that it is not
easy to make them believe they are wrong,
and we are right. When a country offers
inducements for settlement like California,
the evil is soon cured by emigration. But
New Mexico can have no such "hopes. It
must groan under its evils for generations to
come. J. b. Journal.
Hard to Uwn. Madama Pteirter was
obliged to avow that she was old and indi
gestible, to save her life. Some ladies would
sooner have died :
" From Java she next visited Sumatra.
She went into the interior of the island, and
remained four weeks among a tribe of canni
bals one of the. most savage of the East
Indies known as the Baitaker. Having a
limited knowledge of the Malay tongue,
Madame Pfeifi'er conversed with the savages
without much difficulty, and their cannibal
ships took occasion to inform her nearly
every day that they should have the pleasure
soon ot killing her, and or enjoying the luxu
ry of eating her. She had her fears that they
would do so, but she managed to suppress
any signs ot fear, and at the same time
laughed off the matter, as if it had been
said in iest, telling them that she was an oh1
woman, and that her flesh was tough ; and
would be, therelure, unpleasant to eat."
Ages of th e Pouts of America. James
K. Paulding 75; John Pierpont69; Richard
H. Dana 07; Charles Sprague 63 ; John
Neal 60; William C. Bryant 60; James G
Percival 59; Fitz Greene Halleck 59; Sam I
G. Goodrich 58; George W. Doane 55; Geo
P. Morris 53; Albei t G. Greene 52; George
W. Bethune 52; Ralph Waldo Emerson 51
Rufus Dawes 51; George D. Prentice 50
Charles F. Hoffman 49; N. P. Willis 47
Wm. G. Simms 47; Henry W. Longfellow
47; Geo. Lunt47; John G. Whittier46; Wm
D. Galjagher46; Oliver Wendell Holmes 4a
Albert Pike 47; Park Benjamin 45; James
Freeman Clark 44; Ralph Hoyt 44; James
Aldrich 44; Wm. 11. C. liosmer 44; Jone
Very 44; Alfred B. Street 43; George W
Cutter 43; Wm. II. Burleigh 42; Henrv T,
Tuckerman4l; Henry B. Hirst 41; Cornelius
Matthews 39; John G. Saxe 33; Philip
Cooke 38; Epcs Sargent 38; Thomas W
Parsons 37; George W. Dewey 3G; Arthur
C. Coxe 36; James T. Fields 36; James Rus
sell Lowell 35; Thomas Buchanan Reed 32;
George H. Boker 31; Bayard Taylor 29; R
II. Stoddard 28.
A Story of the North.
The interest with which the recent discove ¬
ry of the fate of the party of Sir John Franklin
las invested all the old 6tonsand traditions
of adventure in the Arctic seas, renders the
lollowing narrative of the fate of Errick
Rande peculiarly interesting and appropri ate
at the present time :
As early as 988, Errick Rande. an Ice-
andic chieftain, fitted out an expedition of
twenty-five gallies at Suefell, and having
manned them with sufficient crews of colo
nists, set forth from Iceland to what ap
peared a more congenial climate. They sail
ed upon the ocean fifteen days, and they saw
no land. The next day brought with it a
storm, and many a gallant vessel sunk in the
deep. Mountains of ice covered the water
as tar as the eye could reach, and but a few
gallies escaped destruction. The morning of
le seventeenth day was clear and cloudless :
the sea was calm, and far away to the north
ward could be seen the glare of ice-fields re
flecting on the sky. The remains of the
shattered fleet gathered together to pursue
their voyage, but the galley ol Jirnck Kande
was not there.
The crew of a galley which was driven fur
ther down than the rest, reported that, as the
morning broke, the large fields of ice that had
covered the ocean were driven by tbe current
past them, and that they beheld the galley of
Jlrrick Kande, borne by resistless force, and
with the speed of the wind, betore a tre
mendous field of ice her crew had lo6t all
control over her they were tossing their
arms in wild agony, scarcely a moment
had elapsed before it was walled in by a
hundred ice-hills, and the whole mass moved
orward and was soon beyond the horizon.
That the galley of the narrators escaped
was wonderful it remained, however, un
contradicted, and the vessel of Errick Rande
was never more seen. Half a century after
that, a Danish rnlnny tvac oclablicViPrl npon
the western coast of Greenland. The crew
of the vessels which carried the colonists
thither, in their excursions into the interior,
crossed a range of hills that stretched to
the northward ; they had approached nearer
to the pole than any preceding adventurers.
Upon looking down from the summit of the
hills, they beheld a vast and interminable:
field of ice, undulating in various places,
and formed into a thousand grotesque
" Ihey saw, not fartrom the shore, a figure
of an ice vessel, with glittering icicles in
stead of masts rising from it. Curiosity
prompted them to approach, when they be
held a dismal sight. Figures of men in
every attitude of woe, were upon the deck,
but they were icy things ; one figure alone
stood erect, and, with folded arms, leaning
against the mast. A hatchet was procured
and the ice split away, and the features of a
chieftain disclosed, pallid and deathly and
free from decay. This was doubtless the
vessel, and that figure the form of Errick
Rande. Benumbed with cold, and in the
agony of despair, his crew had fallen around
him. The spray of the ocean and the fogs
had frozen as it lighted upon them, and cov
ered each figure with an icy robe, which the
short-lived glance of a Greenland sun had
not time to remove. The Danes gazed upon
the spectacle with trembling. They knew
not but the scene might be their fate. They
knelt down upon the deck, and muttered &
prayer in their natie tongue for the souls of
the frozen crew, then hurriedly left the place,
for the night was approaching."
We dined the other clay, with a citizen
who enjoys a good joke. Among others he
related one of a Yankee and Dutchman, who,
when discussing politics, wound up on tho
relative merits of Seward and Bouck, both
ex governors of the Empire State. Says
Yankee, "Bouck has not so long a head as
Seward." Veil," says Duchee, in a huff;
"Seward's head is not half go thick u