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PEBBYSBUEa, O., THU'-USDAY, APTilL '2-1. 1SG2.
For the Journal
To the Memory of Miss M. Dallas Parks.
BY MRS W.
Thero li silenco round tbc hoartlistone,
Merry voices htnciiP J an.l ttill '
Loving bcarte att filial with mJnjiiJ,
Tents wau'j ilriiit)r cyulM fill. '
0 ! there's jrief with is Mis household,
An 1 its lifl' nj jy hsth flwl,
Vor Olio III I U besrts clieriilicJ,
Now is lying still anil (taint,
Slu'll bo misssl iii tho early morning,
Wbou tho lovoJ oucs together meet;
She'll b miaavd in tli uiut tivsuing,
When they lay thmn down to sloop.
They'll listeu lo hear her loved footsteps,
Through nacli Ions;, long summer's day,
Hut they'll listeu in vain, for tuoir uehoea
Will bj ssumling far away.
There avo many ymuig-hearts thil will miss her,
When a'ur together they'r met,
Oiu faae will l missed from tho circle,
And reiiiembtfrad with aif;ha of regret.
In her grave alio ia peacefully sleeping,
Snatched away in youth's early bloom,
While friend arj loll lonely and wscping,
For the loved ona lie low in th toiub.
Though lior form hero ha vanished forcTer,
'And her gisd voice no luoro wo shall hear,
Though we murmur that she should be taken,
When life was all smiling with cheer.
Yet her glad spirit wanders ia licavcu,
'Mid flowers aud boiutics most fair,
Sho has only found first its rich glsriua, '
And is waiting for Uuut loves tbsro.
I'mutYsm.-UG, April UUh, 1S63.
"CALL A MAN!"
A RICH AND RACY SKETCH.
Jonx Jackson was a hard-working man of twenty-three.
Being tbs tl Jest child and only son, be
bad always remained at borne, assisting bis father
upon the farm. J..lm was much respecte d by every
one iu tbs neighborhood, aud many a bright-eynd
girl bad secretly thought tUtt she would lik to be
Mrs. Jacti'm. But John, was no " ladies' man."
The fact was h was bashful. lie would rather
hoe potatoes all dy than to undergo the csremony
of i:itroduetiou to young lady. Not that John
disliked the d jar creatures ; fer from it. Wo tx
lieve tlmt he, iu coiumou with all bashful and a oll-in.Miiing-inen,
eutertained the very highhst respect
and udm'ratiou for them. And Uiis, no doubt, wss
the principal causs ut bis bbfulucss. lis fslt
that they were superior beings, aud that be wss un
w. rtliv to asiocito with thcui upon teiniaof equal
ity. But we can not stop to moralise.
Xancy Clark was the daughter cf a vary re
spjctable farmer, whose land adjoined the Jsckson
farm. Nancy was a pretty, saucy, little witch, and
she liked John Jackson. When they were children
titer attended tho s.mu school, and as he was a few
years her senior, ho was usually her champion in
the childish disputes that arose, and her compan
ion in coming and K"ing. At last, John became so
much of a young man as to be kept from school, as
bo bad b-'en in past years. John discovered, too,
ho was growing out of shape. Ilia feet and legs
appeared very awkward ; bo did not know what to
do with his hands ; bis face pained him ; and tak
ing all in all, ho was inclined to thiuk he wss not
more than half put together.
As novelists say, it was a lovely day in August.
Tho sun was clear, serene and beautiful, the trees
were loaded with golden frail, and the beautiful
bird twittered their soiijjs of love in tho branches.
K.irth ( there, we've slid down to earth once
more, such lofty flights, they make our head dizzy.)
We were prepared to say that " earth had yielded
a bountiful harvest of grass, clover and honey
suckles, which the noble yeomanry of Chefltervillc
had garnered within their store-bouses " but up
on a second thought bavo concluded to word it
thus : ' The farmers of Cbesterville had dono
John Jackson's S'Htor bad a quilting that nfter-'
noon," His father had gone to " Keith's Mills," to
get soino wheat ground, and left John to repair some
tools, to be ready on tho morrow, to commence mow
ing tho meadow grass. Suddenly it occurred to
John that if he remained about tho house that af
ternoon, he would bo called in at tea time and re
quired to do the honors of tho table. To avoid
this, he quietly shouldered bis ccytho and stole
away to the meadow, half a mile distant, fully re
solved that be would not leave there until it was so
dark be could not see to mow, so as to avoid seeing
t'.ic gii Is.
Tho meadow was surrounded on all sides by a
thick forest, wliioli clTcltually shut out what little
breeze there might chance to be stirring. Tho sUn
poured its rays as though the little meadow was the
fucus point whoro the heat was conccutiated. John
mowed nnd sweat sweat and mowed, until be
was obliged to sit down nnd cool off. Then it oc
curred to John that if be took olT his pants ho might
be much more comfortable. There could be uo im
propriety iu it, for be was entirely concealed from
So John stripped off, and with no cover savo his
linen commonly called a shirt be resumed hU
work. lie was just congratulating himself upon tho
good tiiu3 he had ma le from meeting the girls,
vtuen ha chanced to disturb a huge black-snake, a
genuine twister, with a white ring arouud it neck.
Johu was no coward, but he was mortally cfrsid
of a snake, " Self-preservation" was the first
passage thai flashed across his uiind, and legs
take caro of tbo body " was the nest. Dirpping
his scythe aud spinning arouud like a top, be was
ready to strike a two-forty gait, w hen at that mo
ment the snake was near suough to book bis crook
ed teeth iuto Joha's shirt just above the hem. With
a tremendous spring be started oft' with the gpeod
of a locomotive. His ilrst jump, took tho suake
clear from' the ground, as as ho stole a hasty g'.ance
over his shuulier, be was horrified to sia tho rep
tilo securely fastened to the extremity of bis gar
ment, while the rapidity with wkich be rushed foi
ward kept the serpent eiteuded at ao angle, pf time
ty degree! with bis body. - , , ' .
Herij was a quandary . If be stopped, the tnako
would soil about bis' body, and squeeze him to
death ; if ho continued the ruco, be must fall from
sheer exhaustion. On he flew, scarce daring to
thiuk bow this dreadful race was to end. Insiiva
ly he bad taken the direction at home ; a feeling of
security came over buu.i I Suddenly flashed across
bis udiiJ tie trne, state of affair his father gone
the quilting, and worst ihaa all, the girls I The
next moment he felt the body of the cold, clammy
monster in eoutact with his bare legs, bis tail creep
ing crvuud them in sort of coauuing way, as by
the way of tickling JoJin upon the knees. !
Tiiis was too uiueh for human eoJuranoe, With
a yell such as in.au nover uttered, savs ta mortal
teinr, poor Joba set forward at .break-Buck fpsed,
and once more bad. V1 jdeasuM of saaing the suake
resume his horrisoutal iM'S.Uou, solus what after the
tail of a comet. ." "' '
On, on they flow. John forfni the quilling, for
got the girls, forgot everything but the suake.
His active exercise, together with the eaocsaive
beat had brought on the nose-bUe ad m ne ran,
ears erect, and boad thrown back, his chin, throat
aud shirt-bosom wore stained with the flowing
His first shriek had started tho quilters, aud
forth they rushud, wondering if sniie tuliau'w as
not prowling about. By this tiui' Johu w w ith
in a few rod of the barn, still running nt tbo top
of his speed, his bead turred so that be might keep
one eye on the snake and w ith the other observe)
what course be must taks. The friendly bsrn now
concealod him from tho sight of tho girl, lie
knew tho gills were iu tho yard, having caught a
glimpse of thvui ss they rushed from the hoime. A
few more bounds, and ho would be in their iuid.it.
Kor inoiiieut modesty overcame fear, and hu halt
ed. The snake, evidently plsused with hi rapid
transportation, manifested his gratitude by attempt
ing to enfold the legs of our hero within bis em
brace. With an explosive "ouch !" and urged forward
by "circumstance over which bo had no control,"
poor John bounded on. The next moment ho w as
in full view of the girls, and a be turned the cor
ner of tho barn tho snake c.imo round with a w hi,
somewhat after tho fashion of a coach whip.
Having reached the barnyard, to bis dismay, he
found the bars up. But tinu was too precious to
bo waste I in letting down bars. Gathering all his
strength, ho bounded on tho other side, his u.tsc
ship's tail cracked across tho upper bar, snapping
li p an India cracker.
Again John set forward, now ntteily regardless
of tho gills, for the extra tickle of the snake's tail
as be lejp.'d the bars, banished all bis bnshfulncss
ami modesty, aud again ho had tho pleasuro of
finding the snake iu a straight line, drawing stead
ily at till hem of bis solitary garment.
Tho houso now became tho ceulre of attraction,
aud annui I it he revolved with the spec', of thought.
Tour time! in each revolution, as he turned the cor
ner, his snakeship came rouud with a whiz that
was quite refreshing.
While describing th-.1 third circle, as ho came
near the group of wonder-struck girls, without re
moving his gaze from the snake, be managed to cry
"Call a man!"
Away he whirled again, turning tho corner so
rapidly that the whiz of tho snake sounded half
way bjtweed a low whistle and tho repeated pro
nunciation of double-o.
Before cither of the girls had stirred from their
tracks h had performed another revolution-
"Call a man !"
Away he flew once mare, but his strength was
rapidly falling. Nancy Clark was the tirst to re
cover her presence of mind, uud seizing a hoop
pule, she took her station ujar tin comer of tho
house, and as John reappoared, brought it lown np
tbe snake w itb a force thiit broke its back and bold
upon Join's nether garment u.t the same time,
John rushed into tho house nnd to bis room, and
ot tes-time appeared in bis best Sunday suit, but
little the worse for the race, and to all appearances
entirely cuied of his bnsbfuluess. That night bo
walked home with Nancy Clark. The uext New
Year they were married ; and now whenever John
feels inclined to laugh at bis wife's hoops, or any
other peculiarity, she has only to say, " Call a man,"
and be instantly sobers down.
LITTLE EDDIE THE DRUMMER
. A coitREsroNTiKXT of the Chicago Tribune, writ
ing fr. m Benton Barracks, St. Louis, gives a very
touching story of a drummer boy :
A few days before our regiment received orders
to join Gen. Lyon, on his march to Wilson's creek,
the drummer of our company was taken sick and
conveyed to the hospital, and onthe evening pre
ceding the day that we were to march, a negro
was arrested within the linos of tho camp and
brought before our captain, who asked bun " w hat
business he had within tho lines ? " He replied,
" I know a drummer that would like to culist in
your company, and 1 have come to tell you of it."
He was immediatilv requested to inform the drum
mer that if ho would enlist for our shu t t;rm of
service, he would be allowed extra pay, an 1 It do
this he must be on the ground early iu the morn
ing. Tlu negro was then passed beyond the
On tho following morning thero appeared before
tho Captain's quarters, during the beating of tho
reveille,agoj l-looking, middle-aged woman, dress
ed in deep mourning, loading by the hand a sharp,
sprightly-looking boy, apparently about twelve or
thirteen years old. ner story was soon told. She
was from East Tennessee, where her husband had
been killed by the rebels, undjill their property de
stroyed. She had come to St. Louis in search of
her sister, but not (hiding her, and being destitute
of money, she thought if she could procure a situ
ation for her boy as a drummer for the short timo
W" had to remain in the service, she could find em
ployment for herself uud perhaps iind her sister by
the timo we werj discharged.
During tho rohcarsel of her story, the little fel
low kept his eyes fixed upon the countenance of the
Captain, who was about to express a determination
uot to take so small a bay, when he spoke out jsay-
" Pon't bv afraid, Captain, T can drum."
This was spukeu with so much confidence that
tho Captain immediately observed with a smile,
"Well, well, Sergeant, bring the drum, und order
our fifer to come forward."
In a few minutes the drum was produced, and
our Gfer made his appearance, a tall, nun l-shou!d-ered,
good-natured fellow from the Dubuque mines,
who stood, when erect, something over six feet in
I'pon being introduced to bis new comrade, bo
stooped Jowuward, with his hand resting upon his
knees that were thrown forward into au acute an
gle, and peering into the little fellow's fucea mo
ment, be observed,
" My little man, can you drumT"
" Yes, sir," he replied, " i drummed for Captain
Hill, in Tennesse."
Our fifer immediately commenced straightening
himself upward till all tRe angles in his person had
disappeared ; when he placed bis fife lo his mouth
and played the " Flowers of Edeuborougb," one of
the most difficult tunes to follow which could have
been selected, but nobly did tho little fallow follow
him, show 1,1 g him to be master of the drum. When
the music ceased, our Captain turned to the moth
er and observed,
" Madam, 1 will take your boy. What Is bis
"Edward Lee,", she replied) then placing her
hand upou the Captaiu's arm, she continued,
" Captain, if bo is not killed " hero her mater
nal feelings overcame bur utturanoe, and she bent
down over her boy and kissed him upon the fore
head. As she arose, she observed, " Captain, vou
will bring him back, wou't you T "
" Yes, yes," be replied, " w be certain to
briug him back with us. Yv'o will bo discharged
in six weeks."
In an hour afterward, our company led the first
Iowa out (if eamp, our drum and fife playing Tho
girl I left behind aie."
Eddie, as wo called him, soon became a great
favorite with all tho men iu the company. When
any of the boys bad returned from a horticultural
excursion, Eddie's share of tho peaches and mel
ons was the first apportioned out. During our
heavy aud fatiguing march from Bulla to Spring
field, it was iil'uut amusing to sec our long legged
fifer wading through the mud with our little drum
mer mounted upou bis back aud always ia that
positiou when fording streams.
The uight after th.e fight at WiUou's Crsuk, where
Lyon felt, I was detailed for guard duty. The
bonrs passed slowly away, when at length the
morning light beg.into sir ak along the eastern Vv,
making surrounding objecU more plainly visible.
Presently I beard a drum bent up the morning call.
At first I thought it cauu lioiu tho camp of the
enemy across the creek i but n I listened I found
that it emvo from the deep ravine j for a few minu
tes it was silent, an 1 then as it b.'cune in ire light.
1 beard it again. I listened the sound .f the
drum was familiar to me and 1 knew that it was
Our drummer boy of Tennessee
Beating lor help the reveille.
I was about to desert my piM to go t. his assist
ance, when I discovered the officer of the guard ap
proaching with two men. We nil listened to the
sound, and was satisfied that It was Eddie's drum.
Thv officer hesitate 1, saying the unlets were to
inarch in twenty minutes. I promised to be back
III that time, w hen be consented. I immediately
started down the hill through the thick under
growth, and, upon reaching the valley, I followed
the sound of the drum, and soon found him seated
upon the ground, bis back leaning against the
trunk of it fallen tree, w hile his di vim hung upon a
bush in front of him, reaching nearly to the ground.
As si Mm as he discovered me, he dropped his drum
sticks nnd exclaimed, "O, n.rporal, 1 am so glad
to ieo you 1 (live me a drink," reaching out bis
hand for my canteen, which was empty. I imme
diately turned to bring him s me water fn in the
brook that I could hear rippling through the bushes
near by, when, thinking that 1 was about to leave
him, ho commenced crying, saying, "Don't leave
me, corporal j 1 can't walk." I w as soon back
with the water, when I discovered that both his feet
had been shot away by a cannon ball. After sat
isfy ing his thirst, he looked up inu my face and
said, " You don't think I will die, corporal, do
you 1 this man said I w ould not ; he said the sur
geon rculd cure my feet." I now discovered a man
lying in the grass near him, dead. By bis dress I
recognized him as belonging to the enemy. It ap
peared that bo kad been shot through tho boweU,
and had fallen near whero Eddie lay. Knowing
that he could not live, find seeing the tfondition if
the bey, be bad crawled to him, t.iok off hi fmck
skin suspenders, nnd corded the little fellow's legs
below th.- kuoe and then lay down aud died. While
ho was tolling mo thesa j:u ticul.irs, 1 beard the
tramp of cavalry coini.ig dow n the ravine, uud in
a moment a scout of the enemy was upon us, and
1 was taken a prisoner. 1 requested the officer to
take Eddie up iu front of him, und ho did so, car
rying him with great tenderness and care. When
we reached the camp of tho enemy, the little fel
low was dead. It is uow ubout two weeks since 1
made my escape from McCullocIi's grasp.
"MAKE WAY FOR LIBERTY."
BY A. J. H. DUGANNE.
Under the oaks of the Sempach
The Switzers knelt iu prayer,
And swore upon their sword-hilts
The oath their fathers sware.
Under the oaks of Sempach
Their father's swor Is ther bared,
And dared the powers of i-.Iuvsry
Their valiant fathers dared.
Duko Leopold's knighls in nrixwr,,
Duke Leopold's speurmeu Uii..
With shields o'erlapped aud Vtuca-poiuts".
lood up, like a castle w uX;
An t w h -li the Swissm -n siu4e them
Their angry armor rang.
Like anvils under hammers.
With hoarse und sullen clang !
Aud when the switzcrs charged them.
So well they bore the shock,
Tho uiouiitain-men fell backward,
Like billows from it rock -Fell
back with dead aud dying,
Fell back with doubts and tears,
That none might pass the shield-wall,.
Or break the hedge of spears 1
Behold ! the fateful moment
The hour of Freedom's stress !
Then stood forth Arnold WinUelried
From all the dubious pic..
Ho looked upon the Swineri,,.
And saw their fear and doubt
" I'll make a patli for Liberty 1"
B Id Winkclivid cried out.
He turned upon the Austrians,
An 1 Hung bis aims apart;
Hj clasped u score ol lance-points,
And joined them ut his heart.
As bride embraces bridegroom,
Ho hugged tho lovely death;
'1 make a path for Liberty I"
He s.iid, with dying breath.
And after him the Switzers
No m ire knew iloubts or fears;
They passed tin broken shield-wall,
They pa.-sed the hedge of spears ;
And where ho fell they mounted,
O'er s'nttered helm and shield,
And drove the Austrian spoilers
From Sempach 's gory fid.! !
Five hundred years huvj mouldered
O'er Winkoliiod the Swiss ;
No slave hath breathed iu Switzerland
From that brave day to this.
And as the Lord yet livetb,
1 caunot help but pray
Some Wiukclriod may lift bis voice
In mine own laud tu-day !
Some stem and loyal leader.
To shame our doubts an I fear,
Aud cleave for us the shield-wall.
And ureas' the hedge of spears !.
Soui-' hero-man, o'ei mastering
A slavish time liko this
To make it path for Liberty
Liko Wiukclriod the Sw:.ss
For the Journal.
What a vast amount of val uablo time
ami mind is consumed iu readi ng novels ;
yellow-backed pamphlets tUta J with thril
ling narratives purporting to be founded
on fact or history, which, neve c had any ex
istence but in the liaV-cfazedl brain of biuno
sickly eentinientiilif The , throw out
their fascinating jiemo ingV ving colors to
catch tho inquiring mind of young readers,
and ere they ure aware of th eir real state
thoy aro drawn int tli vc rtex, and all
tasto for real lifo and subctai itial reading
becomes, a task, and, tite Utoug ht of eudur
ing "sound doctrino," or any thing with
Iwcu t in it, is ignored, and call 'ed " old fo
gyish." Tho r.snared victiaa of habitual
novel rea'Vmg is lost muck of the time in
far-rfr wanderings, losing all tlit apprecia
tion of tho true life arouni then i ; matters
of fact, aud especially tho sin iVtiue teachings
of tho Gospel Truths, aro ma. ie life lit of aud
turned from in disgust, with a teni lency to
ridicule ; and farming false i. as ' 'ifc
takes the place of practical du. lL,J ' lift"
aud the legitimate fruits of nov. rcaHng
ahow thcmselvca iu peuitciitiaricb iiBano
usyluma, reckless scheming ineu, fcick'V
slip-shod women, ami 'many other 'm'
Hesh is heir to. And yet, if anytl
svid against them, thoso indulging tho I"0"
tice cry out "oppression." Such iu "liw,r
tiona aro liko dead carcasses floating nr. )u"
and poisoning tho atmosphere of our b ICW1'
circles aud domestic hearth. L. r -
A Torvj mxn named Robert Jones, w.
Lad been aerving in the rebel army, w.
compelled to leave Covington, Ky., a fo
(lav stuen iiotu.-ttlib-tMinlit.i l.u l....i 4. A a
the oath to support tho Constitution of thi
The Siege of Yorktown.
Position of the Forces Seenes and Incidents.
[Correspondence of the N. Y. Evening Post]
I I'SMI1, N KAK YoKKl'OWN, Va., )
April It"'-'. ,
My lot tor jrstctduy pive tin iuvkuiiI ei"
tun lohaiici) to tliU (mint, a mile mni a 1 nil'
from Yolktowtt. Tlu position oiviiii'il by
mir force is also it tnilo :ttiJ it hail livtu
York river, to which Mvmi:i our picket
extend. A lew Kciie-ul ounPnatH were in
hij;IiI on the liver th.:. imoi.itig, t i t the
heavy o'J-pouinh't s of th,! Kehcls at e I ather
too formidable for them a. ye. Our hiege
v;nti are now cotiiinj; in. Put the hud condi
tion of the t oads retards the movement of
tho at lilUi y.
A NIGHT SKIRMISH.
Our lroop were hunily occupied last
tiij;hl in throw 'wg lt; earthworks for the
protection of our Kionninn patties, nnd
whilo no eiijj;acd had a sharp encounter
w ith it company of rehel infantry, which
had lieen m-nt out to see what we were
lining .Our hoy vevo ready I
e; i en iy
aim met tliem w itii a Mini p
hurried them Lack to the
Our camps lie just hack of tho forest,
which hide. us imperfectly front tho obser
vation of the enemy. Tin? lines uic so near
together that tho" Uchel shell ollen full
among our t ;tit. Our upper halleiy is sit
uated in an opening in the woods, and is
plainly iu si ;til of the Keliel works ; ho
iiea,r them, L.i fact, that the shells tear up
the ground, a. id have killed our hcraes at a
a nuiidorou. i rate. Two of o'tr men iu this
batte.y lut.o been killed, uud three men !
Tho wh-iie number of our troops killed in
the Kkinii.sh of Satuiday, was lite, and fif
teen wcrv wounded. The affair on that day,
however, was intended merely as it recou
lioisanco for the purpose of drawing the
enemy's lire, an ! getting an idea of his
strength and position. It is helievud that
the Hob .ls suffered more severely than our
forces, tujf Hie lierdaii Sharpshooter do
dreadfvl work tit a tango which the llehcls
can not reach. They picked off four Rebel
gut'iiiun. on tho earthworks at one concerted
(Icneiiti McClcllan passed tho whole, of
yciiterihiv in the advanced camp, and it was
supposed that his presence indicated tin im
mediate attack of the enemy J but to-day
there are signs of action, and tho Rebels
arc Ktlettt us mice.
What tho real plan of attack is, 1 am not
permit ted to state, but il in believed in
camp that we are to get in the rear cf the
enemy, and, by cutting off his retreat, pre
vent hia escape, or the removal of any of
tho guns. Of course, nothing of a delinite
nature is know n in regard to int. -tided move
ments, and we must wuit with pationco till
the blow is struck.
GEN FITZ-JOHN PORTER.
en. I'orter is in command of the advance
guard of tho army, and has the whole: di
rection of affair. McCb llan hua bin head
quarters three inileH in our roar, and tien.
Sedgwick is with him in i-oiiiinand of thu
reserves. (Ion. Porter, who has the keen
ness of a h twk.'n never nt rest. 11 j trmts
nobody's eyes or impressions but hiii own,
uud exposes himself in tho most dangerous
places, whilo superintending the prepara
tions for the siege. Whilo roconnoitering
the Rebel works a cannon idiot killed tho
horse of one of bis aids, and more thanono
shell has burst before, over or behind him.
lie was three times up in a balloon yester
day, once from a point near Vork river, care
fully reconnolti-ring the position of tho Reb
els. (I'cneral Met'iel!a;i nmdo his whole
sojourn in camp with Hen. Torter, und has
coijided to him thu exceution of his plans.
N'ut Ihe less remarkable among the inci
dent of tho siege is the defiance cast back
and Sv.ciii by the opposing armies in the
stirring .uotes of the military hamlu In
(he ijol; twilight of these lovelv Spring
liaTfi, i1;r 3jytids of Rebel regiments saucily
iy thi' i.'ir of " lixio," uud the lines are
jjcard in otir camp, while we send back the
;'.)orious strains of the " rftar Spangled Run
ner," and drown the cheers of tho ene
my with bhottta that lind a ringing echo in
the noods. Our troops ate eager to set
Upon the enemy, an. I ate full of confidence
THE REBEL FORCE.
of the enemy around Voiktown is from
thirty to thirty-live thousand in. mi. Of this
number, ubout live or six thousand
re stationed in Ihe c ti thwotks, directly iu
trout ol our lines, au.t tlie reium.ier a!'o
.scattered over a space ot s!x miles iu and
Happi.'liin'j: to be in posses i'oii of a goo 1
sTi llluss, 1 mo'.mtc.l a fence beide one of
I....' - .1... i ..c
our naileries inn ing ine line i'iii;;i,eiiieiii. oi
Satuidav. and observed tho stvle of lini
from the Rebel works; calling out to sum.'
of our runners when a shell exploded short
or beyond our position; but whil.' engaged
in that interesting pursuit, had a lively
sense of tho eccentric movements of those
missiles of war ; a shell struck the rail on
which I stood, broke it, ami knocked me
over, but did no other damage.
From one o'clock to three on Saturday I
stcod so near our batteries as to be able tu
assist in carrying away the bodies of two
of our men who were killed by the lire of
tho enemy, and one who was wounded at a
iMin while endured in londinjr it. Another
ball killed two horses, and another broke a
spoke in a wheel, and still another went un
der the root of a tree wit'iin ten feet of me.
This was rather warm work, and iu compa
ny with tho surgeon (who was too useful
a man to bo put in such imminent l i ik.) I
instantly made a retreat to the bin. her of a
large p'ino treir, which was immediately
struck ami barked by a rebel shell, ut tho
distance of some ten feet above our hea ls.
Tho eceno now became i itci.sely exciting.
"Give 'em h 1," shouted Captain lltitlin,
"and you, reporter, just shout 'Down!'
when you see a smoke ; and th n, boys,
down on your marrow-bones! " This fun
was rather too J unity, but lire way tlio out
Hew and the shells burst in the rebel works
and barracks showed that our guns did
irood service in return for the hard knocks
tho enemy had given us. There is a great
deal of consolation to bo derived m such
circumstances from the rellectioti that " it
is but one bull in five hundred that ever
kills ; " but, for all that, the sensation is not
what you might call absolutely agreeable.
While I sit here writing there is an occa
sional shot, but otherwise all is " iptiut with
the of the I'otomac."
COUNTRY AND THE PEOPLE.
The country hereabouts is almost a level
plain, skirted by heavy forests, but sparsely
inhabited. It produces a large quantities
j,f fin-ii nnd wheat, some tobacco, and un
abundance of peaches, but other fruits nro
scarce. Tho wood is chielly hard pine, and
u largo portion of tho forest is swampy.
but when cleareu up ami iirainea tuo iium
J dries and makes an excellent w heat re
The pcido arc imjstly largo landow
nnd apparently wealthy, possessing lino
mansion '. uud beautiful sites and grounds.
On the .'am ; liver tiie dwellings have been
burned lor t.'setal miles; but on the York
liter, aud in the immediate vicinity of our
camp, they ate still utand.i.g, hastily forsn
ken by their owl. us, w.tliout :rt attempt to
remove utiy other propel ty than private pu
pils. In many instances an abundance of
provision and live stock have been found
on thcfO deserted premises. Oeeasicli
ally a negro is left behind, und still mole
rarely a few whites of the otcr class.
Tl cse latter ale all arrant secessionist.
The Battle of Pittsburg.
Later News and Farther Particulars.
Cot respeiideiice of the Missouri Pcmncrat.
Yi:iKsinY Moitvtvi, Aprd Pth.
I'nlrss I very much mist ika llu humor
d' your rcadci s, they w ill much prefer to
learn the impression produced upon the
mind of uti acl;ial eve witness of it great
battle field, to a general summrey of statis
tics, which will come iu a march moio
authentic and complete fenu, through an
ollh'ial channel. A bate Ktntcmcut of forces
engaged will convey an arithmetical idea
ol the magnitude ol the action. A diagram
of tho situation and strategy will represent
a gre it game w ith human chess men, but
they (oil you nothing of ihe desperate ranc
! or. the heroism, or tho closing ih solution
ami glo mi, which snake up the tragedy of
the Initio field. ietory, as it thrills
through tho telegraph in tho dispatch from
llead-ptartcrs, is a note of gladness, but
here, niinl.i:.; with the tidings of triumph.
are the sights of human shambles, in the
hospital, the dea I houses, the buried trench
es and tho gory field.
The scene fast night, as it loomed up
acio.is the river, glimmering with hudreds of
lights, shrouding iu dai knes the hospitals
and soldiery, almost silent but for the oc
casional stroke of a bell, was peaceful and
soothing. You might easily imagine it a
thriving mart of merchandise, busy with
the friendly pursuits of commerce. The
good old times of peai'P seem to have conn;
again. And then rushes back, liko a great
shadow, the remembrance of yesterday.
How many soldiers of the lea:ion far and
.. . ...Ilf . I, I
wide, tliroiig li lielil, lotos! nii.t gien, clammy
with the dews of the night. I lie silence
then' is awful ; it is the hush of a vast
graveyard. How many poor follows nro
w eal ing aw ay the hours, through tent and
cabin iu painful tossing and dyings! On
the top of the bhllF, under tho star-light,
what a ghastly rank und file are stretched
out gallant colonel aud unknown private
-side by side! What thousands of eyes
are sleepless and heal Is bleeding, in the
terrible bitnpuuso concerning father and
When I last wrote you, on .Monday eve
ning, my accounts were written nt random,
and were from the necessities of the case,
partial and somewhat confused. Reflect
lor a moment that the forces engaged could
have fallen but little below loO.ilOO men,
comprising the How er of the Southern army,
under Generals A. S. Johnston, Reaurcgard,
Rragg, and probably Van Porn. The old
soldiers of Rowling Green, Pecatur Bttd l'en
s.ieola, being the entire available force of
the Southwest on the one side, and tho whole
of Gem Grant's command, aud nearly ull of
Gen. RueH's, comprising the muscle anil sin
ew of our Western army, on tho other; that
our lines extended for ut least eight or ten
miles, and were constantly swaying back
ward or forward through a space of fiom
two to four miles, with the exception of
here and there nn open field, through forest
and undulating country, i enduring anything
like a bird's eye view out of the tpnstion;
that the baltle raged, wilh a brief lull at
night, from three u'clo-k Sunday morning
until lour Monday evening; that the for
tunes of the day were ma'kablv vaiiom, vi
brating between what seemed to be almost
defeat and victory; above all, consider the
fever of excitement everywhere bursting
out info endless rumms and canards, mid
you have some conception of tho amount of
material front which one has to eliminate
the facts. 1 am willing to confess, too, that
the elVect of the aceiiea which presented
themselves on my arrival watt sickening and
stupefying, ami not such us to lit me lor a
very clear stalenietit of the transaction, if
such could have been obtained.
The entire particular of the engagement,
so far as learned, aro br'eily these :
On Saturday the whole forces at I'itts
hui'g, Savannah and Crump's Landing were
r7,()tit. including tiick, about 50,000 being
lit for service.
The ball opened Sunday morning before
tlayiigut by an attach upon l rcliuss s uivis
iou which was near the center, and thrown
out about five miles from tho river. The
comma'i I of Prentiss, instead ol laH'n g batik
and contracting their lines, attempted to
hold thoir ground againut an opposing force
of liO.OOO. Of course the i chuIi wi s extreme.
Iy disastrous. 1'ieiitUs and two or throe
regiments were captured. Towards noon
there w is u lull in the attack which was
generally supposed to picsagc a retreat.
tien. Grant, however, thought tho indica
tions were ominous, ami prepared to re
ceive a fresh uttack.
Accordingly it was not long before tho
enemy renewed the itUack upon tho cutitor,
the left and the left flank, shifting the main
strength of his forces from tho right to the
While matters wcro in. this situation ut
l'ittsburg, Gen. Wallace's division lay lit
Crump's Landing, about five inilos down tho
river, Crittenden's woro waiting with
great impatience near Savannah. Close be
hind worn those of Thomas, McCook and
Wood. Nelson's command hail been order
ed up Saturday night, but not yet participa
ted. Tho forces at Savannah were immedi
ately ordered to hurry up, leaving transpor
tation an 1 everything behind. Tho distance
from Savannah to l'ittsburg id over ten
miles, ami tho reinforcements tlul not ar
rive until lato iu tho evening and during
In tho meantime tho left wing was gradu
ally forced back.!' nd the tiooos under G"n.
Sherman, after making a desperate stand,
were compelled to give way befoio a llar.k
and cross lire. Gen. Sherman had four
horses killed under him, and a cannon ball
through his hat. Matters now began to look
gloomy enough. The enemy were driving
us befoio Ihe'iu at all points. Tlu I'th and
TTtliOhio had retreated in confusion. Sol
diers w ere seen from the liver coming back
iu great numbers, many iu their panic even
plunging iu so as to reach thy transports,
und wcro kept oil' only at tho point of the
When evening arrived it was found that
wo had been pushed back from ono to thric
miles ; that upon the left the rebels were
crowding down toward the river; that
Wul'ace's division, which had been relied
upon to reinforce tlio right, had got off the
road, and taken a circuit of lift ecu miles.
At six o'clock, however, the gunboats camo
to our assistance, ami contribute I very ma
terially towards changing the fortunes ot
tho engagement. At six o'clock the Tyler,
under ihe able command of ('apt. G wynne
took position about the middle of the river
opposite tho gorge, and commenced throw
ing eight inch shell uud shrapnel, from the
iw.tser, an I continued at irregular inler
vuls, averaging live minutes, and fiotu nil i
tint I one, ut intervals cf ten minutes, whin
tho Lexington relieved her, shelling tho or
omy nt intervals of lil'tecti minutes uulii
luo. niiig. Their position could only be de
termined by the discharge of musketry on
our left llitnlt, but (is their troops were
issed hero in groat numbers, tho execu
tion ws effective.
Refore tho struggle of Monday, (Jon.
li.unt detei mined to usstimo the oll'etwive,
and commenced the attack with ;iil,(lfi(i
fresh troops, (lluell arrived nt 'i o'clock
Sunday, but his forces could not bo gotten
up.) Thi) hit ugglo was olctinatc and des
perate, the rebels only yielding ground
inch by inch, and not fairly retreating until
about (hive o'clock in the afternoon. The
battle of Monday, tar as ap ears, was main
tained on either side by simple hard fighting,
ithout feint or mancuvre. As 1 have be
fore mentioned, the most obstinate single
encounter took place between (!on. Kelson's
brigade, on the extreme loll, nnd tho et'
my's battery. The relit at of th rebels w as
mikv'o in good order, without a continued
pursuit from our forces. The w hole history
of the ougagemctit.J'.ow ever, plainly shows
that tho enemy had determined to make u
Waterloo of it tho ten i bio dash on Sun
day nearly annihilating u.t, and the ties) o
late thavaefcr of the final stt ugglo on Mon
day iniii ate it.
A Iin a t'h from Uiviuvegai'tl to Jhivis,
which I urn told ma lo its tipi.aiam:o iu a
Mobile paper, declares that he tlh auregat d)
will water his horse iu tho Tennessee riv
er before Tuesday."" A general order, w ith
the signature of A. S. Johnson, exhorts the
Holdieis, " by all they hold dear to e.vtenni.
nato tho enemy who was tlcsol.-.ting their
homes," or words to (hut effect, as the law
yers say. This combined with other cir
cumstances to show that Johnson is actually
dead. Kor, to-day, a rebel ollicer, wilh u
llag of truce, camo in with n dispatch from
lien. Reaurcgard, saying that "in conse
tpience of our reinforcements, hr deemed it
best to refill to Corinth, uud desired to
bring in his doad." (This is autlnutie.)
This pupor was issued by Reatu egard, in
stead of Johnson, which could hardly have
been done, had the latter boon living.
Tho roa Is are in an uw fid condition, ami
tho advance may thus bo deterred for afew
THE GREAT YANKEE TRICK.
Transporting Boats across the Country.
at Island No 10.
[Correspondence of the Chicago Times.]
Tjjk great feature of this memorable
siege, ami the inmicdiato cause of the glo
rious viiitory which followed, is the trans
portation of four steamers across tho
country to the uid of General I'opo.
When the place was invested, Col. Uissoll
came across the neck of laud which is
formed by tho bend ol the river, iu a small
boat, the water being so high that naviga
tion wan perfectly easy, with the exception
of the obfitructinitij uttered bv tho tit i s and
lie announced that Gen. l'ope, although
below tho enemy, and iu a condition to
cross and completely surround themwas
in want of boats for that purpos", jind
could make no movement until he was jut,
in possession of them. The enemy wcru
iu possession of tho bend of the river, and
there was no means of passing them with
transports. Col. Rissell announced that ho
was in readiness to attempt the task of tak
ing them across the country, and arrange
ments were immediately made to expedite
The steamers W. R.Terry nnd Trio, being
of light draft, und drawing but thirty
inches of water, wcro placed at his dispos
al, uud the noint for entering the woods was
selected at the foot of Island No. S. Tho dif
ficulties of tho work will bii understood
when it is known that loru distance uf oyer
twelve miles the boats were to bo trans
ported through a heavy forest, whero the
trees were uncommonly large and close to
gether, and where the dense Cottonwood,
undergrowth and cane-brake, peculiar to
this country, grew in all their native luxu
riance. Thero was plenty of wafer, the
river having overllowed its banks to a
depth of from five to fifteen feet, und in
many places deeper. The t;mk of clearing
out the trees was one that would have dis
mayed a stouter heart than Col. RisseH's,
but for his engineering experience and nat
ural ingenuity, which ctune to his aid. llu
attacked the primeval forest, und. iu a few
hours, was buried from sight in its depths.
Accompanied bv a huge detachment of men,
... , . . . . i . i ,
small boats ai.d Hal boats Itrmed with long
cross-cut saws and axes, he umdo fast work
of it,. Tho trees to bo cut were selected
and chopped down. They were, however,
us much iu the way as ever, al the stumps
were still above water. An upright timber
was then fastened to the stump, ami to tho
top of this, some six feet high, was fastened
an oiiuilliit'mg frame, swinging on a bolt,
ami extending some lour feet below the sur
face of tho river. The saw v:is fastened
to this frame at the lower etui, and, with a
rope extending oath way, it was pulled
buck and forth until tho trco was hawidoll.
Iu this way tho largest trees succumbed
and fell iu a short time, l iltocn minutes
usually couipieretl an ordinary tree, ami
half-ati-hour w as sulheient for the giants of
the forest. The woik was not done then,
however. The over-hanging tree tons w ere
to bo cut to allow the upper works mi l
chitiinies to puss, the trunks of the fallen
trees were to be clcaro I away, anil a clear
channel as wide a.i a steamboat was to bo
made all of w hich necessitated the most
arduous labor aud perseverance. The boats
irui;rcased. Bointitiines slowly, ami some
times with considerable upeod, aucurdiug to
too nature of tho country. Somo ihivs
tiny made no more than ono or two lengths
of "the boat, while others they moved
milt! or more. They did not keep a straight
course, but turned aside when a ravine or
valley offered less obstructions, ami in this
way they worked iu a north-westerly
course, which was not in tho direction of
New Madrid. The great object was to
reach a deet) bavou winch emptied into tlio
river at that place. This bayou was the
ld of a creek which ran into a ravine, a ad
was comparatively clear of obstructions
After much labt r ami disappointment, they
finally struck this bavou. about ten miles
from the place thev started from, and alter
Loin-' in tbo wootla a week aud a half.
Thev wro then nearly as far from New
Mat Irid as w hen they started, but the bayou
was comparatively free from trees ami un
dergrowth, and they made rapid progress
toward tho river. Finally, a'ter having
been in tho woods over t o weeks, without
ui.-bt of dry laud, thev emerged into the
NLssissippi ou e more, ami with joyful
hearts steamed up to New Madrid, umid the
enthusiastic welcoming of our soldiery
who saw iu them tho harbingers of change
and relief. They had traveled about eigh
teen miles in ccttiuc through.
This great feat of ingenuity and perse
verance was thus uoeompiisiiou wunuut
single drawback to its complcla success.
The result of it was an immediate move
ment by tho enemy who saw themselves
surrounded and cut otl" from all hope of es
cape. Tho boata quickly transported
In t);. itm.j", tmder ff-Tcr M' the i;n-bont
tud Imtteiy tire, Usui the rchel.t wer? pur
sued to their t:ovi, uLc.t li.fy weis ip
turod to a uiuti. It wm yrt,vt emiuintly
immaeticablo, nt Ilrst iw,nrid iu auch a
light they saw it. TI.ey knew we wer at
work nt something ot'.tka kind, but tlio
lea of our being successful tivr tmtvrud
their minds. Tby sail aui m; tliwin jIvcs
that the Yankees wsrs tligin n canal
a -toM this Country, und Uughwd to think of
thu folly. They wuru alruik wilh cot !cr
mttiou vvheu the bouts uiuu out of the riv
er, befors thwir vary yes, and took thoir
pin cs ut tho lev hu at Nuw .Mvdrid, and
then thoy began t think thiit tho
Yankees w era indeed iusainvsi whn they
started to travel across tho country by
Importance of Liberia.
Ai.tiioi on the tlangor to Liberia from
SpNin, alluded to below, has mostly disap
peared, yet wo regard tho allow ing of tho
value of Li her in to tho c.tiuo of human and
Christian progress to bo fraught with in
tonsest interest to every philanthropic or
Christian heart. Tim Cul.niiaUua Juitrnul
From tho very foundation of Liberia tho
si ivetttttle, which hud been carried on for
centuries by the native tribes along that
coast with Spaniards nnd others, was tho
chief impediment to our colonisation work.
Tho native kings early combined to destroy
our colony at Monrovia, under apprahenston,
that a trallie co easy, so old, and so profita
ble, would be destroyed by th ujw settlers.
Repeatedly Liberia, cam in conflict with
them KubsetUelitly ou this same uubject,
and it was not till IK.'O, thirty years alter
the tirst emigrants left the f luted Mtutea,
that, by the purchase of Gallium, the last
Spanish slave-f tctoi y ou a line of six hun
dred miles were destroyed. Tha chiefs,
disheartened by continual defad, weii final
ly actpiieacing in their loss, and becoming
producers of oil and camwood iu yearly in
Ry the events lately occurring among tin
tribes, we see clearly that !it'7 ar not
wcuncd frm the slave trade, and that th
conduct of the Spanish authorities, iu at
tempting to renew the trail at Gaihnus,
ami to punish President Rensoti for inter
fering to prevent it, has been fVdlowi'd by
an immenno excitement among tho mtivo
chiefs. They hailed this as a token thu
their old customers would come ami ri tiew
tho old and long-loved trallie. Thay plung
ed info war with one anothtr ; thy threat
ened to attack and ties troy all our Liberia
settlements ; chiefs one hundred ami fifty
miles in the interior beat tho war-drum.
Rumors spread among them that Yt'u
Spanish men-of-war were coming to destroy
iill Monrovia, and their savage ferocity
gloated over tho prospects of plunder, rar
pine, ami tho blavo-Uadc.
l'erhaps no event could more forcibly
illustrate tho value ot Liberia to the causa
of .humanity than this one. It is clear that
if Liberia w re destroyd or removed, sav
ago violence would again prevail; the sla
ver would be invited to return, ui:d f.nd a
ready w elcome to fill his vessel with victims
of fraud and violence. It is no small mat
tt"r of congratulation lo us that, as or.a of
fhc incidents of cohmini ion in Liberia, so
treat a boon to humanity l:n resulted.
Vol' nearly seven huudrud miles along tho
coast peace ami lawful commerce hava dis
placed prevailing war ami the cruel slavo
traffic, aud nude a tpliet home for the work
of Christian missions.
It is a general rttlo that the property of
the subjects of uu enemy, found iu a coun
try, may bo appropriated without notice,
unless there be a treaty to thw contrary. In
the I'nited States, tho broad principle has
been assumed, " that war gives to tho
j,o.yei'ign full right to take tho persons ami
confiscate the property of tho enemy wher
ever found." Tho mitigation of tills rulo
in practice in modern times does not impair
the right. It has been decided by o'tr courts
that the strict right of confiscation exists in
Congress ; ami, without a legislative aei,
authorizing tho confiscation of enemies'
property, it cannot bo condemned.
It wan hel l ('ranch, CiS-l), 1 Newberry
Reports, a.r.2) that;
1st. Kiiomy's pi opei ty found within our
territory on tho breaking out of war cannot
bo conliscuted, without nn act of Congress
authorizing such confiscation.
2d. When war breaks out, the question
what shall be dono wilh our enemies' proy
erty in our country? is a tpichtion rather of
policy than of law. Tho rulo which wo ap
ply to Ihe property of our aneuiy will bo
applied by him to the property of our citir
'.('lis. Like all tpicstious of policy, it is ono
proper for the consideration ol the legisla
tive department of tho government not
for tho executive or judiciary.
3d. There being nothing iu the act or
Congress recognizing tho existence of war
bctwt'tm tho I niW'l Males ami Mexico
which authorizes tho confiscation of thu
I. .1 . . c I . 1 '
properly ol mo enemy loiina wuniu our
territory upon the breaking out of tho war,
tho court has no power lo confiscate such
Horace Vernet ant the Connoisseur.
This creat master was once employed to
palm a Inndscui e, with a cave i.ml St. Jer
ome iu it. llo accordingly painted tho
landscape, with St. Jerome ut the entranco
of the cave. When he delivered tho pic
ture, the purchaser, who um'.u stood notli-
in"' of the Perspective, sanl, I tie lainiscapo
ami tho cave aro well enough, but Juromi
is not in the (avc,
" 1 understand you," rcplio A Vernet.' " I
will alter it."
lie thereforo took the painting ami vmdd
tho shatlo darker, so that the saint tseiued
to sit further in. The buyer took the paint
ing, but it again appeared to him that tho
saint was not in tho cave.
Vernet then painted out tho figure and
gavo it to his customer, who seemed per
fectly satisfied. Whenever h saw strang
ers to whom ho showod the picture, ho
said, " llero you seo a picture by Vemot,
with St. Jeroino in tho cave."
' Rut w e can not see tho saint," replied
the visitors. -
' Excuse mo, gentlemen," answercl tho
possessor ;" he is there, for I have seen
him stand at the entrance, aud afterward
further back, ami am therefore quito euro
that ho is in it."
TtiK Indianapolis Journal says the mortal
ity among tho rebel prisoners in that city
does not abate. Thirty-two died last week,
and sine tho first arrival of prisoners lit)
have died, being a greater number than at
Chicago, w hero thero uro over 2,000 more
Gkx. Ri ei l, says tlio Naslivillo correspon
dent of the Chicago Timet, never shows
hiniaclf in public, and is rather ditlicult of
access, llo is sometimes aeon at tho win
dow of his room, in a dressing gown, but has
never, I aui informed, been known to visit
tho camps, whero ho has ft huudred thous
and troops iu waiting.