OCR Interpretation


The Weekly Perrysburg journal. (Perrysburg, O. [Ohio]) 1861-1???, May 01, 1862, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85026193/1862-05-01/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

c.
ti- - mm-
VOL. IX.
...
Olll
Jl III. Ill w
PERRYSBURG,
,, .. ...ij - - . . . - i mi, tt'C - - 0
feMiiplitli
.1 - ' " - -IIUI'UIlLlL. 1 'HiL.O.Jil . ' iiininini
O., THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1802,
.) uv
t I
" ttius,
Perrysburg Journal.
For the Journal.
FAITH.
BY LEROY FOOTE
. tlivs iue that faith that sweetly worki by love,
Tbnt builds within our hcrt respect and truth,
And lays up treasure in that heaven above, ,
While here on earth we strive that life's bright
youth ,
May live in age, and ever cheer us on
To bl ighter thoughts that glory may b won.
'Tis this that sweetens every day of lifo,
Aud builds a silent joy In every heart,
.Calm overy passion, and stills every strife,
iJs passing nionients, ss they fly, impart
A htifl 'er the soul, bids sorrow flee,
And though sweet memory lives in eternity.
Who would ot partake of "the perfect love,"
That doth " all fear cast out," that bears us on,
' 3n a realm of pure delight, and lifts 'bovo
The heart from earth-born thoughts and hopes
alone,
And points to rest of soul no gold can give
The heaven within that tells us how to live.
Tontoo ant, April, 1802.
Selected Story.
THE PATRIOT CAPTAIN.
OR.
Insult Rebuked.
A STORY FOR THE TIMES.
Is tlio city of Baltimore lived a lady
named .No, we will keep back the real
name from publication, and give only an as
sumed initial, calling lier Mrs. II .
.Mrs. I) is the wife of a gentleman
engaged in pursuits. Ho is neither rich
;ior socially ambitious ; though by careful
attention to business, he has accumulated
souk; property, and lives in good style for a
jiian of his means.
Mrs. D is very unliko her husband
in uoiiio respects. .Social ambitiou in ono of
her weaknesses. In marrying Mr. I) ,
whose father had been a mechanic, alio felt
thn "he was letting herself down ; but, as
the puny .cioti of au old aristocratic family
that was decking for lack of both moral
and intellectual" force, she wisely vtcaptei
the, chance of being exalted on a mor
vigorous stock, even though in his estiina
tion tho quality were inferior. Of this,
however, a fair difference of opinion way
exist.
birth and education, Mrs. D
.. nnli. 'orod herself a " lady." That is, a
person Yf superior quality made of linor
stuff tlSt tho great 'body of the people ;
: and for :tMs ;id vantage, entitled to tlio det-
cruice and UV vice from those who were
i held to be grctitl below her. Toward all
, persons who ranked in tlio same grade with
Iher husband, Mrs. D assumed an air
DU dignified superiority that pflended some
uiwi i;nposed upon others. Assupiption al
ways tarries weight with a cUa, Her
'y before Marriage for her inmily
'" t..nit .l.nisteil itself bv extravairanei.
trKViivitioii. and want of thrift had sepa
rated her from many early friends; and her
marriage with the son of a mechanic, though
a strong, true, and rising man, had caused
others to drop an acquaintance which had
not for some time been looked upon as de
sirable. For several years after her marriage, Mrs.
D , whose husband could not afford
j'isnlav in livinsr. found it hard work to
mai..,i.m her standing with any portion of
llie proud gxclusives with whom u was
her uioud umbUim to associate. till she
was ever at the gats, gjdijig- in upon acces
sible occasions, and holding frpj,4cc by in
1riisioii,if not by acknowledged right. JJy
flattery she kept in favor with some, aiid
through them drew to the side of other,
whose repellant coldness would have held a
aensitive and truly independent mind far in
rtif? distttiifp,
ri?k -a Mia, P. As her husband's
mottw increased she pressed him closely
for a more liberal dispensation hereof at
F.w.no. To this he yiumi, cv&n iy,w4 h'1?
fiwu Judgment ; but never to an extenj. thajt
ttoucltf-d ;,is safety. She dressed extrava
gantly ; but he saw that her bills did not
i -Wd u ccrf ?ift wn that could be afforded,
wluallv, through eljuganco of attire, and
assumt-,'i',I,"r"c' Wr. Hf- widened
her sniiere M',,S chwi.ve, W P
correing uV. F
. excellent people, Wlu
' rather tolerated than cnj r f1tJr
Thus it stands with Mrn.'D-""! F m
1irnun?lf U'l'i i trr umi vin ii a. frf
v.iwuv t iviiii I v mini til u d, . tf
slie is weak, badly educated, proud, va. "
unrefined ; tho representative of a class of
women who imagine themselvos vastly su
perior to other people, but who have a claim
to true womanhood who call themselves
. ladies pro- excellence, yet have scarcely a
lady-like quality.
Mr. 1) , on the contrary, is a man in
true sense. Honorable, bravo, enough to
bo independent and outspoken in the faco
even of public opinion, and with sufficient
.force of character to maintain himself in
.miy right action, at home or abroad. J I is
wife had learned not only to respect him,
I. ut to stand aside when ho asserted his
will.
To certain women in Baltimore, belonging
to this equivocal class, a new excitement
offered itself in the presence of the United
States soldiers, who did the good work of
uaving that city from self-destruction, as we
nave a madman by chains. Treason foiled
was splenetic it is impotence. Prudence
sealed tho lips and regulated the public
conduct of large numbers of men whose
hearts beat pulso for pulso with tho open
enemies of their country, and who in all
possible ways, gave them aid and comfort ;
but women could venture on a larger liberty,
and to their credit must it be recorded, that
some who dressed in " silks and gay attire,"
wore gold and diamonds, rodo in splendid
carriages, and claimed to be ladies of the
first water, stooped to acts of coarseness
- uud vulgarity that would shame a market
woman. Unprovoked insulU were offered
to officers and soldiers in the street by theso
: women, who even spat upon them iu many
' Instances, thus showing the depraved qual
ity of their minds. Foremost in tho prac
tice of these indignities, was Mrs. D
; who was encouraged by tho lass among
whom &nc visited. , 1
JJno day, tired by the- almost insane
tualice of half a dozen free-talking women
. with whom they had boen in conference,
Mrs. D- , in company with a friend,
Started forth to enjoy tho pain of soldiers
and officers subjectod to wanton insults,
which, bocause offured by women, they
could not resent. Passing a soldier, Mrs.
I) i purposely dropped her lace-bordered
handkerchief. The soldier, tinder tho im
pulse of politeness, at home ho moved in
as good, and certainly a more cultivated
bociety than the lady stepped forward,
and lilt.ng the JumUkercmei jroni the pkve
lnout. offered it to Mrs. D . There was
uu instant flash of contempt ou her faco,
and a strong upward curl of her lip. bhe
drew herself back for a moment, like one
in surprise tit a rudeness, then taking tlio
handkerchief between the tips of her
thumb and linger, she held it far from her,
like something infected, and, moving to the
curbstone, dropped it in the muddy gutter.
Sot deigning to glance back at the soldier,
she swept away with dignified hauteur
that, to her tnlnd was worthy of a princess.
A ieerimr lautrh from somo vulirar fellows
added to tho soldier's momentary feeling of
discomfiture.
Proud of her shame, Mrs. D swept
down the street In the next block sho
encountered an officer. Throwing tipon
him a look of supreme contempt, Mrs.
I) swerved from the right line of her
course, and avoided him by taking a quick
circle, that brought her crowded up against
a merchant's show window.
" One of your Tile women, in gala dress,"
remarked the officer to a loyal cititen with
whom ho was walking.
" No ; she is the wife of a Baltimore mer
chant," was replied" a Mrs. D ."
' Formerly a servant pirl, or a woman ,of
the lower class, judging from her manners."
" No ; Mrs. D Is from one of our West
families." '
" J leaven save the mark!" ejaculated the
officer. " If she represents the best, of
what styla and quality must your worst be?
Hut, really, I thought her a woman of the
town, and" it was on my lip to address her
in old Hen. Johnson's salutary to tho lady
of rank who ventured a wanton insult
" In silk and scarlet walks many a harlot
(lood morning, madam I"
" I wish you had done so," was replied.
" It might have suggostcd tho bad reputa
tion she was making for herself in the eyes
of all decent people, llut is thero no way
to check these insults T "
" I have made up my mind to check them
in all Instsnccs whore they exceed a certain
limit."
" Ah, what is the limit t "
" My judgment of the insult, when it
occurs, must determine"
" What will you de ? "
" Hold the husband, father, or brother, as
the caso may bp, personally responsible."
" Will the rules sf tho servico permit
this?"
" I shall not ask."
" Suppose tho husband, brother or father
will not respond?"
" Th."!! I shall govern myselt by tne law
of circumstances.. But of one thing you
may rest assured frhoujd J make a begin
ning in this matter, I will see the end at all
hazards. I do not belong to a quickrblood
ci race, but the blood onco heatod, cools
slowly. When we put our hands to the
plow, we never vJj; V.acV
The officer and citizen walked, ouovcrsing
for an hour, when, being in the eastern part
uf tli eijv, they took a car, and rode up,
l)a!nior,e's.trt)bt n passing Culvert street
the officer bought au eiu t;om a newsboy
and
sw
fore
the officer, Mrs. I) gays a ijort, con
temptuous " Oh ! " and Bat down, just oppo
site, From her sneering face tho officer
dropped his eyes cmietly to the paper ho
had just opened, and begun rflftd'IlS. Mrs.
1) at once began talking aloud to her
friend, and using the most ofiensivo remarks
touching tho soldiers, and tho people of
thtf JiUtes from which they had come. This
she contiiiMod, the apparent unconsciousness
of the officer iucrttiwuis hpr irritation, and
causing her to almost, exhaust thu vocabu
lary of low invective. As if she were not
present, the officer read on. At last the car
was in tho neighborhood to which Mrs.
T) was going, ftd t(ho nodded the con
ductor. The theck-strlug was pulled, and
to her shame be it said, so far lost all lenso
of decency and self-respect as to spit iu the
officer's lace.
Looking up with flashing eyes, and red
spots burning on hid checks, the officor
said, as he drew his handkerchief and wiped
the venom from his face speaking with
suppressed anger '
'You iro a ldy ! If you were a man,
you would not leave ihni car alive !
An hour later, as Mr, ji-
the
counting room, a gentleman with wh m he
was partially ucquainied, came in. There
was in the face of the latter an expression
that sent a troubled wave across the feel
ings of Mr. I) . It was threatening and
iyi,tri?!u. Ho arose, bowing with some
distance and roruiulity.
" I come, tyr. J), said ihfo gpntlnmn,
" on very unpleasant business, An'iffh'ger
in tlio United States service has received a
public insult at the hands of your wife, for
which he has determined to hold you rc
tp.i,;;gi!.'le." A sudden plness spread over tho faco
of Mr. D . ." Vy wile in..lt an officer 1 "
jo exclaimed in a tone of surprise. '.'? How ?
when? WV.'sre :
i' pho spit in iiw J.ce."
impossible
f ..inn
Then ho 'v
hor." . ..,!.
On the contrary he V'"" Jul
looked at her."
' Where was it?"
.11 VIl vlF j
and she, in company with a female frieuu,
sat opposite. In conversing aiouu, iiiey
applied to soldiers tho most offensive lan
guage, but ho never even glanced toward
them. Finally, tliey arose to leave xno car,
when Mrs. I) bent forward and spit m
his face. I saw it done, aud thero can be
no mistake. The officer is Lapt. L., of Mas
sachusetts, a gentleman of wealth, educa
tion, and Irish social position, and ho holds
you responsible for tho conduct of your
wite.
" Madness ! " exclaimed tho merchant,
throwing his arms above his head. " lias
the woman lout all seuse and decency?
What does Captain L. want ? "
" Nothing unreasonable, sir. But these
outrages upon loyal soldiers, who are sim
ply obeying the call of their Government,
and doing duty as it directs, must bo made
to cease. If tho perpetrators shield them
selves under tlio immunities of their sex,
their next of male kin must answer the con
sequences. You must bear the burden of
your wife's deeds."
My wife shall apologize," said Mr. D
His mind was beginning to grow clear.
" Capt. L. cau not call upon her to receive
an apology.'
" But sho shall call upon him at his quar
ters."
" Very well."
" You bear a challenge?"
No : 1 cunio to demand satisfaction, n
that is not given, then " .
" I must tight."
" Yes, sir."
" Very well. Here is pen, ink and paper.
Sit down and writo a challenge in the name
of Captain L. Make it strong. Confusion
take theso women. ill tuuy not cease
ulaviiiL' tho fool ? "
The friend of Capt. L. sat down and
wrote a very peremptory domand for satis
faction, closing with the sentence, "It must
be prompt, full, and complete, or you will
be held to the last resort. .
Iu less thau thirty minutes from that time
Mr. L - stood, pale, angry, aud agitated
before his wife.
" At last," he said, passionately, 44 you
was opening it, when me way wu jiaa
ept no haughtily around him not long be-
. entered tlio car with list friend, seeing
have completed your evil work. Warning
and remonstrance have been of no avail.
Had you no decency, no self-respect left?
What fiend possessed yon ? "
The color went out of Mrs. D- 'sfuce.
Pear and alarm overshadowed it. Never
iu her life had she seen her husband so
moved never had she felt in such awo of
him. Usually so calm, his voice now almost
appalled her, and she felt weak and vaguely
guilty before him.
hat do von mean ? " she asked.
You snat in a gentleman's face to-day."
The crimson of shame crept over her
countenance.
" Disgraciug yourself and husband in tho
very public eye ; and now my lifo's blood
must be the penalty. The officer whom
yon outraged a man of wealth and high
position at home holds mo responsible for
the insult. There is the challenge 1 " and he
drew the paper from his pocket and held it
forth.
Mrs. I) shuddered, and dropped
nerveless into a chair. This was a great
deal more, in the way of conseqnenco, than
had ever entered her foolish brain.
" 0, Henry ! " sho sobbed, 41 what havo I
done?"
" Disgraced yourself, and put your hus
band s life in jeopardy," was the storn
answer. " And now you must choose be
tween one of two things: the humiliation
of an apology, or the loss of your husband ;
for I shall not refuse tho satisfaction de
manded, even though I never fired a pistol,
and the officer knows his weapon. Of course
I shall fall 1
A cry of fear Bhivored on tho air. " Oh,
what have I done ? what have I done ? "
followed in distressed tones.
" An act for which atonement is demand
ed, and thero is no escape. It is my lite or
your humiliation."
" Where is the officer ? " asked Mrs.
1 , faintly.
" At tho camp, on Federal Hill."
" I will apologize," she spoko in con
straint. " Let it bo your own act," said Mr. P
firmly. " Can you think such evil of me?"
" It must be your own act," ho repeated.
" You will go with mo?"
" No ; I shall take no part in this humili
ation. If Capt. L. demands my life, let him
tuko it I nn a nlan am 0V('r mean,
,.r iinrr'ontlemaiitv liili.g that I should huin-
blo mysolf belore another man, i you
were brave enough to otter an insult, you
must be bravo enough to offer an apology.
The issue lies in your hands."
Mr, D was wholly in earnest, and
neithut ihA tours or entreaties of hiswife
moved him.
Capt. L. was sitting in his tent, in compa
ny with two other officers, when a sergeant
C4ij;e to tho entrance, and said that a lady
had called tw m l;im. Tho two officers
moved to retire, but he dirouUd the?!? to re
main. "Conduct her to my tent," said Capt. I.
in w.s'er Is1 tu0 sergeant.
In a few mlnuicjj handsomely dressed
lady, with her veil down, entered, Cupt.
L. at once recognized her, and stood up
will) ft grave but not an angry countenance.
" Mrs. 1) .'ijptain answered,
bowing. There was a quality In tone and
air about the officer1 that inspired her with
a feeling f)f inspect, He merely pronounced
her name, ana wen swoa uwaunijj j;:;r miure
purpose.
I am here to off er an apology for conduct
that has no excuse. Will you accept the
apology ? "
!Oii qno condition," replied Capt. L.
" Narao it, sir.''
" That you promise, on tho word of a lady,
never again to insult a soldier or an officer."
" I promise," was the low answer.
" TllPU l'ie l)ast '8 Past nmlain- -v!u
now no'rmU Ih" to Q'illdiict yqu from the
camp. '
And with tho bearing ot a gentleman, as
he was, Captain I., attended Mrs. D to
tko carriage In which tihe had entered, said
in parting
' The lesson is a sevcro one, madam ; but
the fault was grave, and constrained harsh
reaction. We are hero as friendH, not as
enemies as gentlemen, not ruffians. At
the call of our country, not to invado or
wrong, Wo pome to save, not to destroy.
When will you learn to read ovonin wight ? "
And turning from hor, tho officer went
back to his tout, and tho lady redo to the
city, an humbler, if not a wiser woman.
The story, as such stories always will,
got out, aud was repeated from lip to lij.
From that time, women of Mrs. D 's
stylo of thinking .nd filg' conducted
themselves with a littlb moid public deco
rum. It is quito certain that Capt. L. was
never insulted again.
A STORY FOR THE TIMES. A HYMN FOR THE NATION.
BY REV V. BOTTOM.
A nvHK fur s nation in gladneas j
4. Ifyihn fol- a iiatloh iu sudiivNs;
A song ft the triumph of battle ;
A 'HtiiO fiT the death-knell asi rattle I
Kmg oit, brazen tonpues, LoM fBh steeple,
The yoico of an upliiied peoi'iTe'j , '
A pMi)le its holliday kocpinir,
in i . i . i .. ..:
Wave, wave, sveiy bud, lh brigh banner,
And svery tonge swell the linsannu-r
Evid" head lifted, every knee bending,
Tears uhil pauses earnestly blending.
Shout, shout, for the peoplo victorious, ;
Shout for the UdliiK all glorious ;
Yet, weep for the fallen and dying,
For the noble on buttle-tleld lying
For the bravo ones planting our standard,
Where the footprints of treason wers branded;
For the brave with their lives in their hand
As the price of the recouquered land.
O goi, in thy rich blessing, bless them,
In thy owu loving merev caress theu I
And throwing thy shelt'ring wing o'er them,
Still go in thy presence before them.
And grant us, thou God of the nation,
A speedy and final salvation,
Till above u hot ope fliig shall wave
The glorious old Hag of the hrsvs I
A SOLUM ADRES TER MI MUSTASH.
O thou preshus little bunoli of capillary I
I'm settin fore a glass ; or, more
ViiulnOn uiu.ukin. a mirror, looken
Uight at yew, viewen yure aiupenjus (over the left)
Proportions Willi s crums i. i es, yer r
Very huge ; 'bout as long SI S fleas leg.
Why don't yer gro sum, au' look
Like totlier peeplest you good fur nuthin'
Little crelur. Ami yer snamea wr
S. t rite thxr. In front uv mi luso
That wai, and knot (fro sum, whyle
Everybody' niakm pnun uv yer.
Yer culler aiut none 2 purty
Neither. Kind uv a sandy-yalle
Keddish hue, luixt with s leetle whyle,
O thou
Pelicst bunsh ur bar, I'll toll yer
Whut's ther fae, ef yef dou't fro faster
Nor what yer bav bin groin', I'll talk
Yer rite over Ur bil terril the barber,
An' maik him black yer jist as
Black as a uiftrer, an' then you'll
Look swete, wou't yer ? Au' ef yer
tilt ter cuuen up about me, I'll haul
Out that thar ole whytu rutor uv nyu.
An' jist slash yer rite orf. Then w hatll
Uecum uv yer 1 who a ill yer bav ter
Taik yer roun' town au sho yer off, thee T
Sai, who will ver hav ter luik fee U'
The sarcus an' theater, an' ter sea
The galls, etc.? Why, noboddie. Yer'l be
Left In thasudi. No persoo wU
Evur trubul theyselre about yer Lis
Eye hav, ole boss, so yer better puds
lu au' gru sum
"INITIATE EMANCIPATION."
Spkkch or Hon. J. M. Asrtt.KT, or Ohio, in
tus lloiHB or Hkprksentatin ks,
ArniL 11th, I8C2,
- On the bill fur the rvlvast of certain pcrnoiis l-l.l
to service or labor in the District o Columbia.
Ms. AHLKY said :
Mr. CHAIRMAN : intend to vote f,.r
this bill st a national duty, and not as tho
Representative of a locality. I shall vote
for it without apology, and without dis
claimer, I have no excuse to offer hero or
elsewhere for doing an act which even
handed justice demands. From tho fust I
have been earnest and persistent in press
ing this question of emancipation. It be
came my pleasing duty, in obedience t: the
request of tho District Committee, to meet
and confer with the Senator who hail charge
of this snbject in the other branch f the
National Legislature, and I may say, I trust,
without impropriety, that tho Senate could
not well have coulided it to a truer and
more earnest friend of the measure.
After several meetings and consultations
with members of both Houses, and citirens
of the District, wo agreed upon a bill,
which was approved by each committee,
and ordered to bo repotted in both Houses.
This was tho bill 1 reported to the House
on tho 12th day of March last. I deem it
duo to myself, iu this connection, to say
that tho bill then reported by mo was iml
in nil rstpects what I could desire, and I
need hardly add that the Heimto amend
ments are of a character to niako it still
more objertioiiflble. Hut I am s practical
man, and shall support this bill as the best
we can get at this time. I have been shown
a number of amendments, which somo of
my friends ou this side uf the House desire
to otter, and which I would prefer to the
provisions proposed to be amended, but if
offered I shall vote against them, as their
adoption would greatly delay, if not endan
ger the passage of the bill at this session,
because their adoption would necessarily
return the bill to the Senate for thoir con
currence, I trust, thorofore, that all the
friends of emancipation will decide to ac
cept tlio 8enoto bill as it is, and vote ngaiusl
all amendments, so that the practical end
aimed at by the earnest men of this House,
tho immodiate liberation of all slaves in
this Distirct, shall at once be accom
plished. The object to be attained, and not
its particular mode ot attainment, is wiiat
we ought 'all to have must at heqrt,
If J must tax tho loyal people of the na
tion 01,000,000 before tho slaves at the Na
tional Capital can bo ransomed, I will do it.
I would make a bridge of gold, over which
they might pass to freedom, on the anniver
sary qf t)ip fall of Sumter, if it could not
bo more jiiatly accomplished, I lie people
of tho United states must bo relieved I'mm
all responsibility for the existence nr longer
continuauce of slavery at the Capital of the
Republic, The Olily fjucBtion which I con
ceive 1 am called upon as u Heprioritwtfve
to decide is, has Congress the power und is
it our duty to pass such a bill as the one
befro us?
Part of tlio sivtenithclauso of the eighth
section of the liist utclu of the Cuii'titu
tion reads thus :
VPvr.ZT1 shall havo power to exercise exclus
ive legSlutlou iu u cases whatsoever- over such
district, (not exceeding ten square wile,) as Inay,
bv cession of mtrlicOlnr States aud the accent:! ice
of Congress, become the seat of the Government of
the I'uited ltttes'
I need not go into a labored argument to
show that Congress has power to bnuish
slavery from this District. It is not neces
sary to bo a constitutional lawyer to com
prehoitd liio extent i(r the power here
granted. Tho meaning is' plain enough.
This clause confers upon Congress all the
Irgislative authority that can bo exorcised
by both NV.ional "and rotate (Jovernnienls
combined, Jt' Coi",ioss cin not abolish
slavery iu the District, no power on earth
can.
A few years ago one of freedom's distin
guished orators startled the country by de
claring " that Congress had no more power
i i .i . i i. l.: I i' l
to inaKO a slave man to iiidkc a kiuj; . u,
then, there is, as I claim, no Constitutional
power in Congress to reduce any man or
race to slavery, it certainly will not he
claimed that Congress has the power to le
galize such regulations as exist to-day,
touching pfcrBumt huld si slilVps i this Dis
trict, by re-enucting tho slave laws ot Ma
ryland, and thus doing by indirection what
no sane man claims to do directly, 1 know
it is cluimed by some that if Congress has
the power to abolish, it must necessarily
have power to establish slavery. I will not
insult the iptallig;:;r,e 0,f th? .n" '.'7 t,is"
enssing'such a proposition, Jf Congress
could not constitutionally re-enact tho slave
laws of Maryland for this District, then
slavery could not exist even for u single
hour after tho cession of the territory lie-
came complete ; but whether slavery con
stittUiorially exist iu ftis, ','istriet or not,
that it does exist i a iuct, and becauso it
exists and has existed by the sufferance and
sanction of the National Government, for
which tho cntiro people of tho United
States are justly responsible, it is moro
than over the imperative duty of this Con
gress to n.b4ish at once ami forever io un
;-ul' and ' whjtlstltlable a wrong. And,
liu
sir, if it be necessary to employ gold to tlo
it, let gold bo employcu. ooiu, w hich i.us
cqrriiptetl statesmen, pervermu iuio. ,
enslaved men, cau never bo iiiqiu lighit-oiin-
ly used than when it contributes to re-establish
justice and ransom slaves.
It is claimed by tho opponents to emanci
pation that ths proper and natural condi
tion ot all coioreu races is unit, ui Miuvrij
to tho wb-itft race ; that the people of color,
not only in this iJistriot, but throughout tho
" f i l. . 1.
country, are uunt lor ireetiotni unu iney
can not take care of themselves, and must
of necessity, if liberated, become a public
clifjro-e. e are asked with apparent hor
ror, and un ir of Bioprity, " if we intend
letting this slave population loose among
the whites T " ana we are tola wo no
that it will prove destructive aliko of tho
interests of both races; that the prejudices
agaiust persons of color are so implacable
thev can nut livo in peacp, and a war of
races will be tho inevitable result of freeing
them among the whites evils lar more lo
bo dreaded than any which can ensue, iroui
their continued enslavement. 1 huvo no
such apprehensions. Experience teaches
me that all such fears are groundless.
While I deny that the uormal condition ot
any race is that &f eUvcrjr, pr that there
can be rigniiuny sucu a tning as propcuy
in man, under any Government or Constitu
tion, I will not and can not believe that tlio
restoration of any race to freedom will
produce antagonisms that shall culminate
a war between tbobO whose rolatiquships
are cbaugsd from that of gross injustice
and oppression to that of self-dependence
and freedom. God made of one blood all
the nalloiiB that dwell together upon tho
f ice of the earth, and gave mn '! dominion
over ths fish of the sea, and over the fowl
of the air, and over every living thing thiit
creepeth upou tho earth," but man over
man never.
Tho distinctions bore made betweon per
sons and animals is clear and marked.
is the distinction recognised in tho juris
prudence of all civilitted and pirislan na
lions t and when a slave master stnnds
n-'.r --
here and claims that his title to his follow.
man rests upon the same recognized rights
It
that give- him a title to hi rae, 1 n,l
feel Uie blighting effects of WJ. ,,.r:
alie tho justice of the re.' which I
submitted on this floor two
when I said that . . i
" I exempt, with pluasnro from any swea.''''"
muu-iMions which I inv mane, thousands i ',,J"J
nun irue null wno nun inmpTes eom w lh ' "
horil on , und whosti whole lite gives eaiirao.Ml
the woi Id tliat tlieir lirarls are belter Uisn the svs '
t. in. Iiitmst s rhus of men In any society gov
crtiiiKMit wick absolute power over a servile race,'
uud ):id men w ill not only use it and abuse it, as I
shnll show, but by their' clainoroua cry of rianper
to the State, will pvrpvtrtftf and give satrtlou to
outrages that good anil true own will be poweiless
to vivwnt. It is not that southern men and slave
holder are worse than other men, but because
the are mi betur, that it is unsafe, it it were not
in itself un Indefensible wrong, to tntrnst them with
absolute 'ipr over any psrt ot the human race."
Sir, tho origin and authority tor all the
dominion muu of right possesses in this
world comes direct from the Father of all,
nnd hits been so recognized, hot only by tho
great Kuglish commentator, but by the law
givers of every civilised nation on earth.
There is no right outside of his authority,
much loss iu violation of it.
Tim. great epio poet of Kngland writes :
" llu csvo us Old, over Imnst, Ash, and fowl,
Dominion absolute ; that right we hold
Ity hia donation ; but pus over man
He made not lord ; such title to himself
Ilfscn ing, human left from human free." '
I ;isl; t tit? Indulgence of tho House whilo
I read n few extracts from tho writings of
tlui great men of the past, which will suf-li.-o
to show how slavery was regarded by
them : '
" Slavery is a system of the most complete In
jostieo." I'lnto, i
" Slavery is a system outraged and robbery."-
,"C'We,
" Ktrninl justice is the basis nl all human laws.
"Whutmer is just is also the true law nor cas
this ti ne law be abrogated by any written enact
ments, i. . ; i '
" li tliero bs such a power in the decrees and
oninin.uiils of fisiU, that the nature of things is
el:tiicd ly their vows, why do they not decree that
what is bd aud pernicious shall be regarded as
p..l ,u,d wholesome, or why, if thelsw csu make
wrong right, can it not make bad food t . .
lim-a who have
inado purnieous atid unjust
iv thing rather than laws. ' -
deeiees have made ativtliiiig
I Ve 'o. '
"Thehiw which supnoi ts slavery and apposes
liliei tr must nee. ssarily be coudpiuned as cruel, lor
e'en feeling of humau nature advocates liberty.
Sl.tvi'iv is introduced by human wickedness, but
iliod advocates liberty by the nature which he has
iiijil. oiled in the breast of every man." Vimcm.
"If neither captivity nor contract can, by the
pl.iiu liuv or nutyro and reason, reduce the parent
ton stale of aluveiy, imch jess can they reduce
the enrol ing.
" The primnry aim of society Is to protect individ
uals iu the enjoymeut of those absolute rights which
were vciti-d in them by the immutable laws of us
tii'. Hom e it follows that the rlrst and prime end
of hum. m laws is to maintain those absolute rights
Of li,dt ll,lula.
"If sitv hurnnn lsw shall reoulrs ub to commit
crime, uttuin bound to ti'imsgress thai htimitn las',
or else w,- must oflcud Ixith thunstural and divine."
"What the Parliament doth shall beholden for
lyirlit whenever it slmll enset that which is con
n a'i'y to the righu of nature." 4onl (bt
11 'The essouea of all iir (s JVSTICS. What is
not justice is not law, and what is not law ought
not to bo obeyed." llnmjtiltH. '
"No man is by nature, the property of another,
the ri:lits u. uannti ims( be siav way forfeited
Ii efuro ihey dm bv justly taken aWay."i-. o-
" If von hnvo tho right to nisko another man a
slave, lie has the right to make you a slave." Dr.
' : . 1 " '
" H is iiijiiHtire to permit slavery to remain a
single hour." 'ilt,
", iiierleun slavery is the vilest that ever saw the
sun ; ii constitutes the sum of all villuiuies."
..',.. 11,.....
"Man c.i'n not hare property In man. Slsvcry
is n nuisance, to be put down, not compromised
with, nod t" I'D aj,i,!i.J v, i.honi uessunuu and
ti itluiiil luerty.liv every blow that cun be leveled
nt llie moiisli.T,
suuii Hiiiur as a rcKKianun or ronoerv,
t ir -u of murder, i'ersonal freedom is a right of
wliteh ho who deprives a fellow-creature is crimi
nal in ?o depriving him, and he who withholds is
no less criminal in withholding." -C'AuWm Jarnn
" I wonld never havo drswo mr sword in the
cause of America, if I could have conceived that
thereby I wus founding a land of slavery." -La a-
" I never mean, unless some particular oircun-
tnit(".'s should compel me to it, to possess another
slave bv tmrchase. it beiiur anions my tint wishes
tn sec some plan adopted by which slavery iu this
coiiniry pun ue nooiisnea iy iw. '
' Hut til. -ro is but ono proper and effectual mode
bv which it can be accomplished, and that is by le
jV.atjve authority, nnd this, a fsr SS iny saUrigt
wilt i-O, snail never oe wanting.-- rraMwyiu.
" '1'h nljolltlou of domesttu slavery is the great
est ohleet of desiro in these colonies, where it was
... i. ...... :i.. i. ......i i.. ,i..,; :r.n. . i.k.
Uliuaj'll llllivmiww ... .i... - wj,.
" ft is wrong to admit into the Constitution the
idea of property in inun." Monro.
" Is it not sorpisinf that at s time when the rights
of Immunity are denned and tindltrstood with pre
cision, it n country alsive all others fond of liberty,
tlint in such an age and such s country, we iiud men
professing a religion ths most mild, huutaue, gen
tle, and generous, adopting such a principle, as re
pugi.nnt to humanity as it is inconsistent with
the ltiblo und deslructivs to Ubcrty J'atrklc
Jt'urii.
" Sir I roi-v iieitlier the head nor the heart of
t'u.t (O i.i irow the $or(h who lists here to defeod
fllaverv iimiu pTinoipie. -Vfo"i'.
Tlie sacred rights of mankind are not to bo
rummaged for among old parchments and musty
l.' Thev are written as with a sunbeam in
jhe whole volnaieof buuutu nature by Uio hand of
Jiivinity itself, and can neyer be erasea or ooscurca
I iv l.iiiuuii power."----''-ro'u''r tiwtttn.
' ' t.itile csu bo added to what haw been said and
written on the aubiect of slavery, 1 concur in the
i,t it nuirht not tu be lutioduccd nor per
milted in uuyof the new StaU-s, and that it ought
to bo gradually diminished and tlnally aboliauea
,11 i,f II. i. m ." lav.
' U is uki.siu the evils oi slavery uai u um
the very sources of moral principle. Iteatablishes
f.ilso cstimau-s of virtue and vice t for what can b
moro false and more heartless than this doctrine,
u 1. lull muVoa the first snd holiest riithta of human
ity eViiend upon the color of the skin t "Juk Q.
Thus. sir. anoke some foW of tlie great
men of tho past, aud tho just principles
lv them proclttimea couiroi ana utrect an
tho civilized Governments of hurope,
i.ull iho American Governtnpi
than monarchical Government
alone, cling to slavery and the dead past
win
.,11 IM.-ialiaT, nt nr tent, nir hten
I
uu n.
to tho uiurcU of human progress
.....i i...
, . . I . -: ..: I : v i ... ,u
uu hiwi.ii v i-r-T 1 .
1i101e1111i.ini a i.itfiier civiiir.avivn 1 wv.
lllKBVlvn 1 J..V., w
hone not and so act and vote as to secure
nope noi . ana so w .
a realization 01 umniuo.
I am for the liberation, not on Y Qt fcl t"0
.VYesinthiin
. rJs lic io.i Vxtend. and tho National
" . 7 - - t . . r it u
Constiittion confers power, am for it, be
m 1 believe it an act ot justice to w me
us well as black-
to master as well as
r reason could be glv-
. . . .i. i..,n.f,n r.t
slave i uiid. it' Uo Othur
,,i I mo Ur it because, in tho languago
SO. Ill IUU IBIIUVIRKU
tlo. i st nt?u shed Kenator irom aiassacnu
setls, " they art men by the grace of Uod,
ami this iienoucjh." Frcs institutions will
gam buength cieryxyhurfi by a, decre of
emancipation at tho National Capital, while
slave institutions win everywuere vo wvoa
tnod. uch a triumph for the cause' of
freedom as the passage of tins act to-iay
will b welcomed w th erat tudo not only
tho ransomed slave, but with joy
people everwhero in the loyal portions
pur country. Jit EuHipp t M'w It Uo
up by the Inemlspi progress as tne o
- - . - . - . - - -.i .1
I of a new era In the i nitea Biaies
j will make tho lino of demarcation
1 iiml lri1.iti..n ulwmlil !, fiti-Atn, tut ii, I
Peking to . m-ct the emancipation of mankind.
The Americans alleEed that they h..d
not tru poiiatad this crime, ,thai ot enslaving the
bluest but 1ii1i.ii ited from Ki.gland. This, how-
ver, was still a paltrv apology for America, who.
sterling liberty 'for Herself. .UU used U.e brand
and liisli ngiiiiisl others." m. O'Umiull.
In repsrd to a regulation of slavery, my de-
te.sU.tion of its existence induces me v know no
I
or a resiric-
nt be less just
Hhall we,
he dead past,
'
-
V.
of
w
ny
by the
. .
of
I1e4
V:.Z
and
at UOmo
j
uiiirhlv this roiiHntii st vmtr liniulM nnil 1
tears of gntitudo will oblllerato from their
,1Mrt tmj lnemovy ()f lh mM,y und Briov.
..-rones thev have suffered from this
S,nVZT. Jir
Government and their masters, and mingling
with tho echoing BhnnU on sea and land
thoir voices will unite in gladness with the
ncrons heart who everywhere Will join
rho erami ttthoiii ."Glorv to God in the
more distinct between Uie supportora und
optAinoutM of tho Ueycrnmetit. , , 7 ; , s .
I rejoice thtt I am stiout to be pe irnitted to
record niy vote in fsvor of this humsneaml
beneficent mnasure. ' It is day which, in
coiniiion with millions of toy countrymen,
I have long hoped to see ; and if 1 never
give anothor Tote In tlus Kouso ore-lse-where.
I shall net hars. lived iu vsiu, espe
cially if 1 have battened, even a sim-lo
,''our, the adoption by Congress cf this act
(f national histlre and national liberation.
sfia U hnv ,ho stisfaction of leaving the
endurOK rocord of an action of which my
children .cau. nor but. bq proud, and of
whith no irtie 'sn, io nn lliristiart nation,
could be ash'wnied.' ' ' K -'
It is said tit if tlio alures in this Dis
trict were emauoipated, that society and do
mestic jrgulatio.ia .will bo greatly de
ranged j that peace, order, security, indust
ry, and contentment will bo banished, and
violence, disorder, robbery,' idleness.,' and
crime w ill increase j that such an act can do
no possible good, whih it would bo unjust,
mid a great hardship t both master and
slava. Much is not my view of this act,
nor such, air, as 1. read it, tho history of
emancipation in the British or Danish nest
Indies. Such, t am sure, will not be the
result in this District. Yhv. sir.with all
the disabilities imposed upon the Colored
population of this District by Congression
al enactments, corporation regulations, and
prejudices, and they are sufficient to
weigh down and destroy the Worthy and
energetic, and ; eiKioumge. tlif vicious and
indolent, with all these disabilities, disa
bilities without ' a parallel in any nation on
earth, that colored population will compare,
advantageously to themselves, with the col
ored population of any city iu tlio Free
States. They havo amassed bronortv be.
yond belief. Their church property alone,
as I am informed, Is valued to exceed on
hundred thuml dollar t '.They are taxed
for tho support of schools, from 'which
their children are fxelndpd, ami maintain
m.lmfnte irHobl of their Own. ' Thr-V hate
r... .. r . .Zu .
societies for tlte support of their sick and
disabled, and never permit one of their
number to bo buried at public expense. In
uuriy yours not ono ot tlieir number has
been convicted of a capital offense. As a
a body, they are iiidustrioun, frugal, order
ly, trustworthy, and religious. Instead of
an increase, I venture to predict, as the
earliest result of this great measure, a de
crease in disorder, tlieft, idleness, and crime;
nnd as an earnest that this prediction is not
inado .without foundation, let me read you
.1 U '.....1 ! .. . i
un.- i.i-niiiiuu unu ruKoiiiuon anoptcti tne
other day at a meeting of tho colored minis
ters and loading members of tho several
colored nUu,rehv iu this city i ,
" HVi, Wv have learned by the published
ocecdings or Congress that there is a probability
the peaceful and iinul abolishment or nUvirv in
procecdin
of the pei
iuu ft'iuyi ui viuiiium, j ucreioro,
" fir it ntohW, That we recommend to the
churches and ponerepitlous we rrptesent, that thev
set apart tiundsy, tho Utli day Of April, iu
connection w ith the usual religious services, ss s
dsy of Bpeoliil praver to Almighty (iod, tliat if this
great lioon of freedom is vouchsafed to om; people,
.1. l:...:. ..r ..l i :.. fin J
we iiit n-reiye if -in veeutiiiuK uiauuer, ami oy
our oiacfiv oeovioi ,mr oevotiou to our l linstisu
Need T say to this Itottue and tho coun
try that the men who could draft and adopt j
such a preamble and resolution will receive
their freedom with heurttelt joy, and jiot
with riotous demonstrations. lieforo the
President can sign this bill, they will have
assembled in all their churches, to receive
with prayer aud thanksgiving to. the Al-
highest, peace on earth, and good-will to
men.
Mr. Chairman, the bill which , wo are
about to pass, could not havo pussed but
for tins pro-slavery rebellion. Iho sagaci
ty and wisdom of many of Q,r utatesmen,
who in v;n gained tho nation that Blavery
and freedom could not forever livo together
peaceably, ' is being - practically demon.
stratad. J trior son uud Jay, Franklin and
tho Adamses, Garrison and Calhoun have
all warned the people of the impossibility
of long continued jxace wnli slavery
Speaking ot itio prouaiuo occurrence ot a
rupture between the North and the Houth,
some ton or twelve years 'since, in the
United Statos Senate, John ('. Calhoun said :
"The war will last between the two sections
while there is a slave in the South. Vhe conflict
will never terminate, The Houth, I fear, will not
see it until U is too late. Thev will become more
feeble every year, whilo the North become
Stronger aud stronger
How truly" prophetic! To a man who
comprehends that slavery, and slavery
alone, is the cause ol tins rebellion, tlio uu
ty of the Government is plain. Such a nun
understands that thero can be no permanent
nor lasting pcaco until tho people ot the
Free States are no longor responsible for
the existence and continuance of slavery,
either at the National Capital, or in any.J
Territory or place where Coiigrcua has con
stitutional power to uboiish it. Hence I
reioicu at tho introduction and certain pas
saire of this timely metisuro. Others, I
doubt not, will soon follow, and the people,
North and Routh, will gradually array them
selves on the side of lreedom or ou the sido
of slavery. There is, aud there cau be but
this one, all-ausorbUli; quosttoji m our lis
tmiia.1 itolltlcs until it is disDoscd of. aud
j tnat wfj continue to bo agitated nntil tho
noon! "rest m the beliot that it is in the
course of ultimate extinction." Until that
time thero can be b'.H twft grt partios in
this nation, llie great mass oi ireo people
in a Government such as ours, must of ne
cessity be divided into two, and into nut
two leailiug political p:uucsj ;vau m mo
present, fi W U waning contests on the
ouues.our oDeoience v iue laws, wu may snow
how worthy we are to enjoy it t and that Ho wonld
lrrS;.i!;rz;zvr
inhabitiints thciiof." ' . .
,i
; . - ., . . I
question of slavery, wo can have bnt two
formidable parties struggling for the. as-
cendancy and control ot the Government,
l .
The OUO. no mansr What 1M inuuv or uesig-
, ..... '.. .
i uniin.i uiii i,a inn roiirest'iiTaLivo oi iiaiioiii
I-..: , r ax'. .v.i -e 1..:
wu 1 .. - , -- -
I .... .j - - - 1 - 9 ,
u , t v and irp inin mi imirr. mil .11 iiiiyi
lege and slavery, as to other parties, rep.
Lt.rit,ir or nrofessii.e- to reuresent. the
I , ' :;,:BV ;:..:".. '.:
various suaues or puuuvai upuuous eami-
tho country, they can not lon con-
tin.ie, but mtist, as the Whig, American,
I .....1 ,.V.. n.,i;... lmvo in all thn Stntna fu.itx
and otner paruc. ."'
. a ii .t n. .t
away :V"? L "T.T
sent'lng thi shvirishod scntinients of a pro-
slavery privileged class on one hand, aud
i.ImfiAiMi nt tti noniilo fitr lilfrtv nn
v v I r ' " ' '
tne aspi
- uio uuier.
i , , - .
Individuals, however distinguished, and
worthv in all their rplatioim " private lite,
. ' - .. . . m . ..
who fail to co-opcraw earncstry wim eiiuer
the one or the ether ot ths leading parties
renresentun: tuatioe and freedom, or pnvi
l,.ru ami bIhvhiv will roil 1 1 nil A to disa(i
I .v.fcw J I ----- - -- ,
pear, as wiev nave uone, iroui P"""" '""i
ana new ana uoiaer leuuers wiii oe vuo.cu
I ny tne people; ior no nooio suu Kriieruun
i . .. i . . .1 i. l ..........
peoplo will ever knowingly trust timid and
tinio-aerviiui loader, knowiug full well, aa
I !?''' .i iJT i. . th urv
of privilege and slavery have forced upon
I lUlS DSllon vy uieir uvuvu mm kuc wu
, ' - j.. ... ...
": i- . , . , r; U
-
i.i
11 mi
there! can bbui twt'arr(ilo,d two bnt
tledioldland two i banners -r that of, the
HUrs aud. Htrirrs. representing. Libcrtvami
Inioivor tbst of, the Pnako andTclicnti
representing 81aery s'nd DlJhrrirm. Thorn
can he no question u M' th fNtsition which
tha people otxnpy Let tut, than, procrasti
nate po longer the hour.which they so lung
in vain looked for. Let the news go forth
on the wings of the Wind that tho National
Capital is ransomed from slavery, and it
shall nerve the: arms of your soldiers, und
strengthen the hold of tho Government in
tho hearts of the people. '
Mr. Chairman, the struggles and hope of
many long and weary years are centered in
this eventful hour. Ths cry of the op
pressed, "How long, 0. Lord, how long'.'"
is to be answered to-day by the American
Congress. A sublime act of justice is now
to be recorded where It-will sever be oblit
erated, and, so far as ths action of tlio 1,'cp
rcsentatives of the peoplo can decree it, tho
fitting words of the President, spoken In
his recent special message, initiatk axd
KMAMCiPATBi," shall have a life ce-equal with
tho Kepublic God has set his seal upon
those priceless words, ami they, with tlio
memory of ho who uttered them, shall livo
In tho hearts of the people forever. Tho
golden morn, so anxiously looked for by the
trisnds of freedom ia tlio I'm tod Stales )ni
dawned. The brave words heretofore m
tered in behalf of humanity tn this Hull,
like bread cast tipon the waters," are now
" o return after many days,", and find vindi
cation of their purposes iu a decree of free
dom. Tho command of God to let tlio op
pressed go free, is declared to bo our duty,
not only by our patriotic President, but bv
both branches of our National Congress';
and let us hope that trom, this time hence
forth and forever, this nation is never again to
be humiliated aud disgraced by being respon
sible for the existetioe and continuance oi'
human slavery. No lonfrer within our na
tional jurisdiction, where Congress ha i con
stitutional power to prohibit it, shall slaverv
bo tolerated. The nation is to-day entering
upoii a policy Which fan not be reversed!
and justice is vindicated, humanity recog
nised,,, and God obeyed, Iu tho beauliliit
words of Mrs. Howe.:. -
" Ho has sounded forth the trumpet tliat shall never
cell rctrnst ; '
He is sifting out the hearts of Won before Un
judgment softt i
Oh, be swift, my soul, to answer kim! Vi (uhihint
ay fertl
Our Ood is msrehing on.
Iu the beauty of the lilies, Christ wss bom serous
the sea, , ':
With a glory in His kosom that transfigures vou
and me i
As He diod lo maks luon holy, let us die to make
tnon free.
While Cod Is marching on.''
GEN, ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSON.
a,ou6 ,Kl un,w1!1' ttn,,T utolea the '"''"
as a common Soldier, . Ho soon made the
acquaintance of Gen. Rusk, commanding
that dltinlon, who at once promoted him t
,..mnilml ' 1Ie r0H0 lo b,V. commander-
CI of W , r
,chf "? "8 secretary ot A at mulct
Lamar - fought tho battle ot,
Nchesr defeating seven hundred llieio-
at the It. t5. Military Academy, nt West
p()int t the age of twenty-threo, and i n-
nrod ,ho r,r r rUmt r
sauio year, His first service was with tho
Kees. . - ,
(States ot Kentucky mid Misoouri, aud in
ts? vestal with plenipotentiary authority to
control all the military operations In tho
This ofiicer one of tho most crafty mil
competent in tlio rebel service, and whose
death has been reported in tlio battle of
Pittsburg Landing wait born in Maevu
County, KrM in 1C9, ami therefore enter. d
on ins uny-eignui year imk long ago. i-
waa edueauiU at the Irausylvamu bniveiMi-
ty, Ky., under President llolley, gr:idi.atj l
Sisth Iufuutry, with which he was ordevetl
to uio csi. , iMiritig mo uiacK iiawic
War ho acted as adjutant-gonoral, President.
Lincoln at that time serving as captain ot
volunteers. At Uie oloso of tho war ho
went to reside, rlrst in Missouri, and thru
in Texas. When war broke out in this lat
ter State, ho resigned his commission in tho
United Htates Army, and rashed to her aid.
kees.
At the breaking eut of tho Mexican
War, at the urgent request uf Gen. Taylor.
be again entered tho service, as Colonel of
the t irst Texas Regiment. hen this was
disbanded, Gcu. Johnson became Inspector-
Gon. Itutlor s division, aud served us such
iu the glorious battle of 'Monterey ; he was
iii the nottest of the fight, and his horse
wss three times shot under him. Ai'tor
this he retired to private lifo, anil titi-ncd
his sword into a plowshare, cultivating t!o
earth with his own hands, until, in 1S-H1.
the t nited States Government, in consider
ation of his necessity a.ml long servico, bo
stowed upon him. the appointment ol pay
master iu the army.. .In Jba. b.s was ap
pointed to the command of the Regiment
of Cuvalryt with the rank of colonel, and
ordered to the Department of Texas, and in
lHoa was appointed to the command ot the
expedition to Utah, and, in 1858, was pro
moted to tlio rank of Rrigadier Genual.
He started on the expedition to tnh under
orders in September, 1857. On the 6th of
November, in tho Kooky Mountains, l o
encountered a Stoiiu of snow and wind,
which, iu his own words, "racked tho
bones of his men, and starved the ovn,
horses and mules," The snow waa I'roiu
two to four feet deep, and tho thermometer
at from sixteen to eighteen degrees below
zero for niuety days ulterwards, nut lie
pursued his march, making on thn ty-hvo
miles in fiftocn days, where ha went into
camp, and subsisted on mules, witliout
bread or salt, until provisions were sent by
the Government in the following spring.
He continued to fill the post of Command
er-in-Chief in Vtah being in fact dictator
in the country which he occupied until
the rebellion broke out, wnen lie anunoor -
I ed tho old flag of the Union to enlist i hdcr
the banner ol tne secessionists, uu is oe
iicved to have mads energetic attempts to
indiico California and Oregon to loin tlio
rebels, but to have been foiled by the com
mon sense of our Pucihc brethren, okd tne
sagaoious measures adopted by tho Go-, em
inent,. Last fall," Gon. Johnson wasmt in
command of all tho rebel aoldiers m the
ir... lit ,n. ...llviiv
nd his
cm. uio avuiuiM .v,
1.1 1. 1 I.. J .
of the western country
inoronirn knun ioute i
I . lJ :.u V! ...... l, roioler..,!
1 luuu au . w tui u kiv.i w-.... , - .
1 ...
I . . ,, . ,
uini au specuuiy approp. o p '
this mnortaut position. General Johnson
..... .:'f. :tt, W), Af l.r l..mv
wa. p. ...vu .
sinewy fr.m; tquiet yd unmade ninr..
ners, all eonsii.rui: to form a person of in t-
i .tt.A.i.aiA . .ihaso slur
E aZ ,;
iinmior &nd attractive addlCSS. ills uroilier.
as' blown
up on a steamboat on the Red rier, i.a?
and killed, was at th time iu tho Lmted
States donate from that State, was the second
T. "".T". tt , iv
lot Mr.L'hv. in his duel wiui Johnjumaoi n,
I . . . . .... . , 1
and was a man of the most eminent abilities.
I -. l a a, a i. i .
the ueoeis nsa me greaxrm i oi a.m -n-
ance in his skill and ability, and his loss at
this' trying juncture must inllict a ternt io
blow at their fortunes, . . ' .
.
i .inti ----
t a ii. . u .iait jAimann in r.ii..i iriiriinnn.
I etuun uwi. waa iuiim, w tu h iu i cic
Provisional Governor Johnson, of Ke-.tucky;
I ..J rtn RiieKrn.1 'Johnann. who Was can.
tured at Fort Donaldsoa, but made his escape
i uuvv( i - - - v -i
.v a ., .c . V
'. f . v s - i.i t ? '
'Tint battle" at PitUbtirg Landing was pur-
I tlculurlY fatal ta ther Johnson family. -Gen.

xml | txt