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i -j. j
B. R. COWEN, EDITOR & PROPRIETOR.
'HE WHO LOVES HOT HI3 COUIjIKY Ci?
TERMS $1,50 A YEAR, IN ADVANCE
NEW SERIES, VOL. VII, KO. 27.
ST. CLAIIiSVILLE, 0 1 1 1 0, TI IU H S D A Y. APRIL 12, 1855.
WHOLE NO. 952
THE BELMONT CHRONICLE-
published evert Thursday morniso,
Orlce on North side of Mnin Street in
the New Masonic Hall, a few doors
East of tht Court House, and a
tow doors West of the Norton
tebms or luiicmrTiijit.
If pals' within three months, 11,'"
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f-auers discontinued only al the option of the editor,
while arrsaragea are dut.
Bach square, (II lines or less,) three week, 11,00
Every additional iuvsriion,
Yearly adTertisementsoiis column, tlti.UO
Slair column, m,w
luarter column, 14,00
'roH?mional cards 93 per annnm.
ICf-'AII letters sddressed to His editor must be paid to
rwure attention .gQJ
JCpNo paper discontinued until all arrearages are
paid unless at the option of the eililur.cJII
[From the Ohio Statesman.]
Charge of the Tight Brigade.
The literary correspondent of a cotem
porory, has said that A. Verhyson Staik,
Esq., could not wrlte.on the fiercer themes of
war, but the following thrilling lyric, which
he at once penned when it waa mentioned
of him, is a splendid refututiun of the rote
cism. At tha bar, at the bar,
At the bar thundered,
Thundered with lercesl din
Topers one hundred.
There stood those thirsty men,
Thirsty one hundred;
Callnu lor drinks in vuin,
The bar-kef per slumbered:
Hark there's a sound from one!
List how the curses come
From each and every one!
Of that dry one hundred.
Into the bar thiy pitched,
Noble old topers,
JTor up comes on ordtr which
Pleased these old soakers,
"Forward tho Tight Biijude!
Take the bar," Muggins soiJ!
Into it undismayed.
Filched now each drunken blade
Pitched the one hundred,
'Forward the Tight Biigadc!"
Gods, what a charge they mad.
No men was there afraid,
No person blundered.
Theirs but to drink tlu ir till,
Theirs but to have a swill,
Theirs not to pay the bill,
Ah yes liny know it well!
Knowing one hundred!
Bolllcs to right of llietn,
Dottles to left of '.hem,
Bottles in front ol them,
Labelled and numbered:
Nobly ihey limglit and well,
There many a hero tell,
Covered with blood and beer,
Beer that they loved so will,
(Jullant one hundred.'
Raised now csch note in air,
See what is under there,
Mugs charged with lugur beer
All the world wondered!
Fiercer the revel grows,
Redder each blazing nose.
Faster the liquor flows,
Under the table, goes
Hull of the hundred.
' Bottles to right ol them,
Bottles to left of them,
Bottles all round them,
Emptied and sundered;
Uut from that dreadful room,
Out from that durk saloon,
Came forth a beery fume,
Came lor'.h a dismal moan.
But none of the hundred.
When they awoke again
O how their heads did pain!
No person wondered.
. Honor the Tisht llri'adu!
Honor tho churgo they made,
Thirsty one hundred.
A TALE FOR OLD FOGIES.
(OR DOING AS FATHER DID.)
In "Old HvainiBEY" is pho'.ogtuplied !
of many a man who colls himself
but who, if he reads this, will, thro'
. i t t ui.ir :
oba' uacv or b indness, fail lo see himself in
, , 'L t, , i i i
the sketch. II kind reader, you have any
, i u i i .l
vjld Humphrey s as neighbors, hand them
this number of the Chronicle, thut they may
"see themselves as others see them."
1 eve to hear of any man being convinced
of an error, but especially an obstinate mm
An n and again has it been said, that of Bi
& people if the world, farmer, .ro the nio.t
opinionated; that they do things for no bet
tsr reason than that of their father's having
dsne them generations before; that they!
world cannot turn tnem oomesucn farmers
hate I known certainly, but still with truth
con I ssy, that I number among my country
friends not a few of a contrary kind. The
other day I was in conversation with my old
friend, John Aslifield, of Highfiela farm,
man from whom I huve learned much; tho'
when I tell I iui so, he usually replies: "The
boot is on the ether leg." We were talking
over old times together but j oushull have
the account that he gave of himself, as well
is I can remember in disown words.
' I hove been as obstinate, pig-headed
man in my time, I suppose, as ever strode
cress a furrow; out the day is gone by now,
and high time that it had. The tilt of
plough land, and the sward of my grass
are difierenl to what they used lo be."
"Fifty years a go, James Holt was my neigh
bor. A wiser man than I was, or ever
Lc, was James, though at that time I did
;' to henr; quite disposed to believe
a' (hst (ny nejgluors are quite as wise as I am,
nnd to profit bv their judgment as well as my
..lt has often surprised me to think, that,1
1 ".. ?? . ,., i..i Uu,.
think so. When wheal p'otigha were get -
ting- common he says to me: 'Neighbor Ash
field, you are fulling heliii.d the times; you
must set up wheel plough or two.'
" 'I won't said I. My father never had a
wheel plough on the farm, and wJiy should
II' You know, Mr. Humphrey, that the far -
mers were always blunt in their speech, and
no one mure so than farmer Aslifield.
"When draining came into use, more I lion
it had ever been before, my neighbor says to
mc; "Yon are stanciiiff in your own liflit in
not dra ning your land more than you do; but
better late than never. Better begin nuw.
" 'I won't,' said I, 'let those cut up their ,
and lay out their money in slough
tiles that like; my meadows shall remain as
they always have been.' " ,
" 'Well,' said he, 'at any rate trim up yoir
and headlands, or 'adlunds, as you
call them, a little closer. There's a deal of
wuste land on your furm. Trim up your I ed-
ges and headlands."' '
" 'I won't said I. 'My duller was as good
a fanner us any in the PurUh; he knew what
he wus about us well as you do; and he nev- ,
er trimmed up his hradlund more than 1
'Suoli after this he was at me again. 'Your
land i, stiff, neighbor,' aays he; '1 would ad-,
vise you to try one of the new-fashioned clod
crushers for you will find it an advantge.' " j
"I won't,' said I. Such jimcracks may
suit some people, but they won't suit me;tuy '
harrows break the ground quite us well as a '
if some folks as I could men- '
lion, were half as fond of work bb they are .
now o" whims, it would be more to their ere-
"Neighbor Aslifield,' says he, a yecr or two ,
years after threshing machines had once
come into fashion, 'you und I must do as oth-j
er people do we must setup a threshing ;
machine.' " j
" 'I won't,' suvs I. 'Why should 1 do that ;
that my father never did! And why should I
take the bread out or tho mouth ot the labor
" 'But never did I see my neighbor more
in earnest than when ha cams to ask me to
give something towards the Sunday Schools.
'Lend them a helping hand,' said he, 'for they
are doing more good in the Purish than you
think l.r., "
"'I won't,' says I. 'We never u.ed to
have Sunday School?, and plough-'ads and
duiry maids dti none too much workas it is.
What will they do if you make scholars of
them, 1 can't tell."'
"All thistimo 1 thought myself wondrous
wise in not being led astray by the new fan
gled notions of my neighbors; but al lust my
eyes were opened, for there was not a far
mer in the parish who had'ut better crops
than I had.'"
'I saw that my neighbor with a wheel plow
could do more without a driver, and hold the
j plow tail with half tho trouble that it cost
me, so I set up three or tour w heel plovvsjanu
what I could do without them now, it would
bd hard to say.
" 'Keep your land wet at the top and dry
at the bottom,' said iny neighbor,vhen I be
gan to listen to him. 1 took his advice, hud
my, meadows well drained, and ne"er have
had nny cause to grudge either the expense
or the trouble. He who doesn't drain his
farm, if it is a wet one, is draining his own
pnrse by bad management.
I looked ubout me, and saw that I lost an
acre or two of ground by iny slovenly hedg
es xnd headlunds; so I get to work ard had
them trimmed up close. Il was a to ilish
thing that this was not dune, before,
I.was backward enough in venturing on
a heavy iron press wheel clod crusher; but
when I did, I found more work done by it,
than half a dozen pair of harrows would do.
No one can persuade mo to set it aside now.
"Nobody stood stiller than 1 did against
the threshing niuchines;but for all that.when
I saw how easily my neighbor could turn a
hundred bushels a day out of the stra.v,while
my men thumping uway with their flails did
8) little, 1 gave way at once, and set up a
"As my neighbor had got the better of my
obstinacy in so many things, it was not al
up trying me ugain
In. Al hist he bent1
all likely he wouM give
about the Sunday Schools
' then. too. For manv veurs hnvt 1 support'
1 ,i thorn, and ntver shall thev need a pound
while I have one to give.
"At the present lime, though I am not lond
I of running neck or nothing after every new
t l.nn m Anas nnmi ti onn. find inv
Biter aviuiiir iny into g'u ..-v. r...,
drainini clo(1 cru8hers, threshing mothines,
an(J Sllnully Schoo's, 1 should adopt them ali,
but I believe Mr. Humphrey, the real truth to
hp this that I never paw the ill condition of
be ttlia 1,1,1 1 ,,e,ver 'aw J ' ,
o- farm ,n it p Jd .b -3
the evil oi my own uueri. i ms n
opened my ; eyes, humbled me, and took .way
Story of a Brave Man.
h, h.. otherwise distinguished, in a ve
r..i ,ir. ii. s,.thu,..t. thir fnr
his prowess undei the bloody "Code of Hon-
or " and deserves, in death, to be remember,
J woll f.ir the (rood wh'Cll he did. as lor
the evil which the telegraphio record would
reuse to live after him. He was a brave
r... ki. mniirv In war. as we as a des
i. J.r.,.nf hi. nwi. narhsii. too
Ln.i.iv- hnnor. in nea.ee. He was prompt
.. . ' j 'u-j i. .l.n V..I,. nt.
Service in Mexico! in 1847. under Genial'
Tavlor. He was the first to scale the Black
Fort at Monterey, and tor nis intrcpiouy
c....:'..j h,.i. n., it. mured
pucins un bhh ""'rv i
. . . . . L . ....
... ... " .b.j .n ni-rrfld hv the ene.
j. . j.. JLs.h l, .,.frnrrl .!.
to; h;0 w
of the code, as practised in Mississippi fifteen
or twenty yeurs ago, when extravagance and
desperation in every department of life, up
meadows, peured tor a season to run ri it. His firt-t
meeting was in 1333 or 1831, with a man by
the name of Allen Tho weapons, pieloli,lo
be firjd at ten pacea.or while advancing nee
hedges rer to esch other, and then the use of the
bowie-knife. Allen fell. The second meet,
ing was five years afterwards, or more, with
young Mennifee, at Vicksburg, this brother
of ..ichord H. Mennifee, member of Congress
from Kentncky in 1838- 39. The weapon,
the rifle, both parties excellent shots, but
Mennifee fell at the second fire. There may
have been other altercations in which he was
encaged, but they are not now remembered,
These two fatal transactions gave a notorie.
ty to the man which he was far from being
proud of, and the public recollection of w hich
he endeavored to efface, in his riper years. by
political and mililury tervice.first as the heud
of tho Whig press in Mississippi, in the Pre-clod-crusher;
sidcntUI campoign of 1830; then aa Marshal
of the United Slates for the Northe. n Die-
'and chafed that he could not be rid of them
to bear his purt on the field of Boena Vista,
within, lew miles of which he wo nvallded.
The personal story of Colonel Mc Clung,
j though I sanguinary one, is not without its
reliefs. He was called a desperate duellist:
not that he was by nature blood-thisty, or
loved the practice for the poor renown it
brought him, but because when he did fight
in this way, which waa not often, ho made
no compromises fur the chances of, life; end
exacted as well as granted, the extreme tern. s
trict of the .stale, and utlerwarUs as a voltin-
tecr to Mexico, the Lieutennnt Loloneloi his
regiment. After the war he was the polili-
cal friend ot General Tuylor, not to the x-
elusion ol Mr. Clay, ot whose neighborhood
in Kentucky MeClung was a native, but n
default of his nomination at Philadelphia.
Under Ms Administration lie vas appointed
to a diplomatic station rs Charge a" Affairei
to Douvia, oouin omenta, me apuai o.
st ; a.1 . I. A : . 1 i .1 n
which, lar in the interior ol the country, ne
no doubt had too much difficulty to find to be
impressed by its greutnesa or captivated by
its socialjor polit cal attractions. Ho refu-1
sed to the United States after a
residence rear the Bolivian Government, in
the year of 1331, since when we had heard
little of him until the present dreadful an
nouncement ol d:ath by his oxn hand. His
age must have been about 43 "years. N. Y.
Tunes' March 27.
A SPLENDID BARN.
cast-iron, quadrant-shaped.of about one bush
likeness el capacity, and one to each stall. Tho box
Farmer ' es are placed one on each side of a partition,
thutdividiis two Btulli.and are each attached
" . , , ... . ,,,
at the right angle corner of tho box to the
I front nartiiion stud bv hins. so that the
Few furmerscan afford to erect a building
cnuul to inc thut thev can plan, und still
fecer to build one like thut described below.
Still, we publish a description ol it, uecuuae
who cannot obtuln all its advoniape my
secure a purt. Perhnps some of them can be
provided for in those already occupied. We
special utlention to tire manner of fee-d-
ing. The italics in thai paragrapn are ours,
The description was given
as appears be-
low, by a correspondent of tho Rural New
"A correspondent of the Rural New York-
er gives an account ot a oarn uciongnig io
David L'jiivitt, Ex., a merchant prince of
New York city, who has a farm in Great Bar
rington, Mass., pleasantly located upon uie
It is two hundred feet in length, with a
center wing ou the east side, three stories
high, with tin arched roof covered with tin,
and a cupola on tho center, an I erected at an
expense of reurly $20,000. It is based in a
ravine which it spans, thus atfording an ea
sy entrance into tho third story. Through
this ravine runs a durable strcatn.with which
is formed a beautiful reservoir of water di
rectly above the barn, that operates upon a
wheel twenty leet in diameter, thus forming
an excellent motive po;ver, that is used ft r a
great variety of purposes, such as sawing
wood and lumber, threshing, cleaning, and el
evating the grain, cutting straw, and stulks,
unloading tho hay, depositing it in any desi
red loft, churning, grinding, etc.
The first story is used as a manure vault:
the second for stabling; the third lor grain,
hav. and apartments fur domestics. Tho nr-
rangemcnt for feeding the cattle is most m
eenious mid convenient, the lollo'.ving de
scriplioi' of which I give in the language ol
Sir. Wilkinson, namely: "All the manual u-
bor requireu in :eeumg me came w m.. u
car which contains twenty-live ousnois
lecu, ueiore mo une. oi came, o,.u ...u.,
1 food into the feedinc-boxes, which are of
r . -
boxes may be ayung around into the feeding-
hall, in front of tha cattle, and over tho feed-
ing-car, that the seed which spills in filling
.the boxes; may full into tho car instead of on
,i nr AeL,..a hnirp. ara filled thev
AJer b . fil.they
-.,..aP hstwtan iha
cylinder, two feet in diameter at the bottom
and ou foot eight inches at tht top, which
. . ii, intn ...i. .uii an.i cxtends
- ! floor, directly over thtealtl .thatitmty be
tilled from that floor. 1 here is a circular a
perture six inches in diameter, in each side
of tha ijf-iiifcf , at convenient height from
.1... n..... ... ll..t f.u.t BMinn a miv i.nl irnm
hip uwi v ......... ....
the tube at the saina t me. Under the tube
is a drawer into which all the loose hay
- seed luiia tnrouu us iiuii uoo..., wu.ku
drawer, when full, is emptied, and when
, Urge quantity of seed accumulate., it Is clea-
, ned "or use or market. Ihtseed obtained
of superior quality, and tht quanlit;, ordinarl
: y y arrange,
will pay for
the manual labor required about the building
ArouoAou Me year. Across the front of
i ,,- . . -.
I utb . IhprA IB Mian
I stalls there is also an oruinary oox-manger
directly under which, and running the wl
i.- - b.c, .. a trou3h r Mt,i
suitable opening In the bottom of the man
ger through which the csttle msy be water
ed by removing the iron slides that close
ihein, which is done by the means of a lever
opening the linn of slides at once, and in an
The very great economy and convenience
of this arrangement is obvious ut a glance,
and may be taken as n specimen of thu per
fection exhibited throughout, Under one of
the drive-ways, into the third story, Is an
arched roon, well ventilated, and' lighted
with a glass front, which is used ss a milk
room, and has a great muny conveniences
connected with it for diminishing the laW
of taking cure of the dairy, which can all be
performed without the least exposure to the
w collier, v ill, in the csinpas of a few feet.
The herd is fed with hy, cut fted, and steam-
ed roots that are icduct d to a pulp by the
revolution if a cylinder in which the roots'
are placed ufter rleniuiiig, with four cannon!
balls ot ten p.iunds cud,; nu, 1 beii 've, cu
ring the milliner teuson. the soiling system
is to be practised in pxrt.
The building is well lighted and ventiVed
so that no diseases are generated by com fin c
iii o n . of impure air and doietcriuus gasses,
un important featu e that too often overlook
ed. "On the side of the b irn fucing th? Hou
satunic, which is but a lew hundied feet dis
tant, are projections of cut atone, so arranged
as I o com en the w titer which ialls over them
into a sheet of foutn, from which it jtftly de
rives its name of Caxade Burn.' The Fiow,
tlii Loom , und Anvil.
"The Goose Question."
j t0 ytg muet) anj u terly foreign to the man
he ( ,le. uf m0BW. ,av ft teasjtory. to
TuL, wav ,,ey Cllti. w ili geese o:i the
I westcrn waters is sufficiently wonderful, with
ask out a B;j iaxing' the credulity ol any one
Don't read the followine .fro.n the I'.u
Republic, with your vest buttoned, iii,,e.s
yUU wish to split it al! down the Lack,
Godfrey ol the B; ston Trtntcript, tol.! !..';
readers a few day's ago an astounding s'.o-y
of jhe pcrt.grjnat'i0I11 0f a mouse in the body
of , Bnuke; its anutornica! leseorchea its
,,; iouM, uie snake some seventeen
,illlea. eac . ;, hein!j throuirh a fresh
., i.,ewedout bv the "in'ci." A number
0f J0UrIlas have . olotnnly copied this story,
a1j gluay la of serious warning
Godfrey looks ou and marvels at the simpli-
.pin, ,,l nuifiLimt. anil thn eiT.w-t nf mirilltiai.
in properly arranging a kcin.t tic "sell.'"
Godfrey took the muteriuls lor his yarn from
u notice of a boa constructor, that had swal
lowed a mole some three or lour times at the
Zoologicul Gardens London. The n.oic ex
actly fitted for such seclusive habits, and
furnished und uruicd by nuture for the work,
burrowed himscll very naturally out, und ul-
ti1Uu"h he was swallowed several
niaiiaged to free himself from the confining
stomach of the snake in u nimncr peculur
'piiey are very fond ofa small and very active
armed with sharp hcai and tectli, whose
, habits insist upon its gviinmini; very near
the surface of the water. Il is very seldom
tie geese cun get hold of this choice mor-
sel, urn! when they do, they have a grand jol
liflcation over il. This eel the hunters use
fur bait for their geeee-.-hins.
A short time since two hunters went out'
to catch wild geese. One hunter laid down
in his cunoe with a trout line attached to
his wrist, and on the ot'ier end, in the water
was lied the iiiinbit'.eharp-heuded and active
spoken of. The cunoe floated slowly
through the marshes, and came grudually a-
monga lurge flock of gecse.und the eel Ewim-
ming along close to the surface. One veno-
ruble Ion vivant of a goose, gobbled up the
eel; like a flaah, also, the eel had made its
way through '.he body of the epicure, and lu!
the goose was "on string."
Another goose ufllicted with a luxurious
pulute swullowed the eel, but without any
particular satisfaction, as the eel hardly no-j
ticing ou obstruction, travelled through the
"goose greas witn scarcely an eiiori. iinu
so this identical ecl traveled and traveleJ.un
til s.imo seventeen geesa were on the string
and our scientific friend thinking that he
hud been fortunate enough commenced haul
ing them into the boat. But wonder of won-
ders, the seventeen geese ruse upon their
... I IV I .. I
wings us one goose, and before our friend ot
the canoe could make a will or ssy a prayer,
he was lifted bodily from the canoe, '.hiough
the combined efforts ol the seventeen geese
attached to his writt and ere he was aware
of it, wus thirty feet above the water. A
friend of his ou shore who saw the difficulty,
and his rifle fortunately IHug louded, shot ulT
the string and rescued his friend. Sj instead
of wild goose, our hunter uot cold duck and
, . . , l C I. . - r... ... i 1,1 n.nuu
uitnougii ne usiiLH no mom iu. .. 6--.
wilh eels, he is prepareu to uiiirm, esaeverau,
... . .....I. .. r..ratvnner
or swear to mc uum ui mi.
Aru'ison. -The Circinnati Commercial of,
Saturday says that this unfortunate man,
the dav spsroaches on which he is .o expi
ate his terrible crime, by the death penalty,
evinces by his haggard countenance and al
tered demeanor that he begins to realize uu
the horrors of his condition. Remorse seems
to be busily at work with his conscience.
Death of a Ncgkkxs Ok Hukdrcd ard
FifTtEH Years Old. A coloicd woman has
iuet died in the Morris county poor-house,
' . . L . . J..-.I 1 A t
who attu tied tho ace 01 ono nunaieu u.,u
.. ... When a child she wus 6tolen
vw'... J -- -
trnm fri. anil remembers that the s.ave
catcher took the je vels Irom her esrs. She
was firsl'brou.'ht to South Carolinu, and from
thence was brought to New Jersey.where lor
a time she was owned as a slave, one nas
been in Morris county more thon sixty years.
Four generations of her descendants were
present ut her fonjrsl, Ihedead ano living
make five generations. newar florr.
A--tV vestesdsv reaeived a despatch from
Pnnrnrd. New Hutnpshire, conveying
painful intelligence of the death or Mrs. Eli-
. ... I i .1... l.t. Clan
71BFTH A. D1CIVE1L, WIUOW Ul lira
. . ..
ii,. Mp.Nifl. and sisier oi me i rcsiucni
ot the United States, aged 68 years. Union.
. . .
Statistics and Distribution of the Wheat
As sn article of coinmsrce, wheat has been
raised, in surpluj, In several eoui tries; but,
taking the whole earth into view, the jroduc-
linn of uhcat kai nicer equalled the demand of
it. There have aiwaya been countries
which, in pursuit of greater gain from other
crops, or, inconsequence ol natural uehcien
cies, liaje not raised enough for their ow n
food: and, if we equalize the crop, we ahull
find there has never been enough.
In giving the statistics of wheat in this
country, we state, in advance, thst the pro
duction of wheat, in the interior of the Uni
ted States, is of great consequence and in
terest to our wrstcrn railways. A single
fuct will place this in s strlkinz point of
View, in the yetr 1884 the wheal cr.p CI
Ohio fell short of a fair average, ten miltivnt
vLruhtU. The whole of this wis taken '
(r mi the turplui that ' w hich would huve '
been carried to market. The consequence i,nj
that a single railway fell short in its frtigU
6t-tne to the extent ol ttveniy iousana iont;
The following is a table of wheat pn due-,
:.. ,t. TT mi,... f... ifl'.o imiiul
... v.jv v,..... w.
, .K..I.D u,c..,..Kv 1
Census ol the crop tor 1843, and substituting
the crop of Ohio, s ascertained bv the State
Assessors. In 1854, the crop waa not so
hrge as in 18S2, by piobably lictnty-fve mil'
lions of Luiluls; a fact which has not teeti
generally recognized in the noise which
was made about the corn crop; but which is
amply proved in the high prices. If, in 1855,
(us is very probable,) the wheat crop should
be s good one, it will be larger than that of
1852, so that that year is the piopsr one to
TABLE OF THE WHEAT CROP IN 1852
States P.uxliels Inhabitant.
Muioe 3j0.0UJ bushels or I bu.
K. llunipshirc, iSiU.OCK) " ' 3-4
Vermont 6cO OOO " " U
Massacliusi'lU 2JO,000 ' ' IS "
Kliud-lilnnd 3.5W " " 1-1
Cuhnretieut W)uut " " 1-4 "
NewYoik 15 0JO.0O " " 5
New Jersey 2,'.U0 0. " " S
Pennsvlvaiiia 17tW),0oO " " 7
Deluwire Sjo.tKHJ " ' 5 "
.Murylsnd 5,W0.tU0 " 9
Ul.ij S2.3uO.ttiO " "II
Indiana 7 viW.UOO 8 "
1 Imois ll.uoo,u.t) " " II "
Michigan i.soo.ooo " "12 "
Wisconsin 5.000.000 " "15
l,iwa 1.600,(00 " " 9
Kentucky 2iXi,W0 " " 2 1-3 "
Misfouri 3,5tXi,OoO " " 5
Tennessee. 2,MJU.l00 " " 2 1-2 "
Virginia 13.000,liO " " 9
N. Carolina 2.500.000 " " 3
S Carolina l.AW.OUO " " 8
tieorcia ,:ioo,iH)0 " " 11-2 "
Alabama srsj.WH) " " 1-2 "
Miffisippi i:.VHX) ' " -4 "
I loriila 1.2IH) " " 1-40 "
Louisiana 500 " ' 1-100 "
Texas 50,001) -4 "
Arkansas 2:.0.000 " ' 1
Cainomia 30,000 " 1-3
j mil;ong 0f whites in the samo region, whose
,reud.glun; j8 almost exclusively Indian corn,
J TmJ owance for the five millions is tw fl
eet ; t jjve mmiens, and supposing the stock on
j ha)j t(J bc Bulr,cient for seed, this is all, even
ln fl ?owJ year( we have for export; but.
j what can W(J nave rrum lucu crop as the
. laa. Absolutely nothing,
n ttie ubove are three classes of Slates,
; (tt8l0,ie wieat crop,) divided aa follows:
! lsl y lf jjMrj)'ul- StaUs. These are Penu-
! ,lvnnilli Maryland, Virginia, Ohio, Indiana,
; iiinuis Michigan, Wisconsinlind Iowa,
, stales Jliieh supply thimselves. These
Aggregato 12J .925,200 5
'f hie may be regarded oa a full crop for the
year 1852; and although, as in the States of
Kentucky and Vennessee, the statement is
in some instances low, on account of the ba
sis in these States, the crop ot 1849 being a
deficient one, yet, in the main, it is very
Now, the luir allowance to each person in
the United Stales is five bushels, which is
just the amount; but we have threo millions
I of negroes in the South, and probably two
; York. New J-r.ey, Delaware, Mis-
touri, Kentucky and Tennessee, the last
two States are included bore for re afons eta
ted above, bcuuse their crops in the table
are belo their usual average.
3d. Mules imj-wtins tltelr bread. These
are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode
I.land. Massachusetts, Connecticut, N. Car
olina, S Carolina, Georgio, Alubama, .tlissis-.
sippi, Florida, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, j
and California, sixteen States, or more than '
half the American Union. These arethsgllj
manufacturing, cotton planting, sugar, and j
mining StaUs. These Stales find it, as they ,
think, more to their interest to buy other
people's bread, thun lo muke their own.
In a common year, sucn e 1000, i, mi no
. . .. , 0) l)ie i,Brveill,) msy be, the surplus
' ... ., ,. l.l.. .1 . f I,
. gmtcs will export something use tue toiiow
; . alnoun(s of wheat, viz:
11,300,000 . "
3 000,090 "
This is fourteen ..lillious
thHii what can be aft'oided
uf bushels more
for foreign ex
port; but this fourteen
millions is what the
r . . i .... ....i .,.
nianu:acturerr..u h .......
onl- into the tnternol commerce; so does the
ouij n.io . ,
wliole amount oi wnat is ctrr,o . .or8u
countries, tor that must be t arried to port.
null ions are consumed in New England,
i "due, in the South
Weenie now to the question, what i.
Ul 1,1U uo r ..........-, ---
. . . 1. .... r...t....n ...ill ,.nu n ...nt asinrllt
fllovcMEs r " . ,..,.,., i ii U ai.it
. . .-f aa.i.u 1M A. .en itillVI A I A Ti 1
: r: rwV
.v,.i fnrt.1 milliimt of bushels
from the producing elates inai
must all be carried oO".
Then we have the
consumption of wheat in the large cities and
inwns of the producing Slates, which must
.i . ... .i ...I- i-
luWni 0i inu orouui.iiiB "-""-
l . i a i,....j..i
be transported from fi:ty to one hundred miles.
we lup?ufe, we shall soon huvo agsir,,;
cities and towns
a half millions;
and require about aev. n and a half millions ,
of Luhels for their conun plion. We hsve j
then thia reeu t of the wheat commercial ,
Consumption of cities snd
towns in the producing
8 '.a Us,
Aggregate 47,500,000 "
Thia is eqtisl to one million tue hundred
thousand tont r-f freiyli'. It is very eaay to
see from the above statement, where the
grta! fortt for the distribution of wheat are.
The principal ones are aa follows: Phiia-
de, (li B,lirnor(., Richm.nd. Pittsburgh,
rievelsi. d Saiidu'.kv. Tol-do. Detroit. M.I-'
wauki C,ic 8't. Louis , und Cincinnati.
. . . . . i
In a coinm in wneal year, sucn ss inaz, loss.
.., ,,: ,r(lln ,. will ve- i'v '
ti,e ,uuVP ,al)!es, in everv particular, lios-!
,ljn Kew York .New rhsns, ic handii a
..... . . ......
great tli-al ol wheal ant, u ur, out ;n-y sre
not onvwiai sliipping ports ol tins umcie at;
In a short time we expert to show the
whole agricultural export of Oi.ij lor 1854.
The population ol thesn
sniontits to sbout one and
Manrfleld't R. R Rtco d.
HOW He BtCAME A MlLLIOSAIRE. Mr.
McDonough, the millionaire n(Nw Orleans,
has engraved upon his tomb a series of max
ims, which he had prescribed as the rules
for his guidance through life, and to which
I.:...,,,.......;,. ,. n.aln'tf I ' r i h,, ' . ,1 I
They are sound, and Curtain much practical1
"Jfu.'ej fur tU Guidance of my Lift, 1804
Remeiiiberolusyath.it lubor is one of the I
conditions of our exstence. Time is gold; ,
throw nut oni uiijinte sway, but place each
one to account. Do unto all men aa you,
would be done by. Never put ijS till to-inor- j
what yt:u can do tt-iiay. Never bid ano- J
to do what you can do yourself. Never
covrt what it not your own. Nsver thii.k j
any mutter to trifling as not lu deserve no- j
lice. Never give out that w hich d ies not j
first come in. Nevci spend but to proJuce. i
Let the greatest order regulate the transic-
tions of your life. Study in you1- course of
life to do the greatest amount of gojd.
"Deprive yourself of nothing necessary to ;
your comfort, but live in an honorable aimpii-j
ciiv and frugality. Laber, tnen, to the last I
moment of your existence. Pursue et'ictly
the ubove rules, and the Divine blessing and
riches of every kind will flow upon you to
your heart's content; but, lint of all, remem
ber thut the chief and great atudy of our life
should be to tend, by all means in our power,
to the honor and glory of our - Divine Crea
tor. John MiDon.iugh, New Orleans, Man h
2d, 1804. The conclusiin to which I have
arrived is, that, without temperance, there is
no health; without virtue, no order; without
religion.no happiness; and thattSe uim of
our being is to live wisely, soberly and righteously."
c tltf roo.a ot a tree with n spade, prune
,i,c branches cl jse to the bole, what becomes
0f i)e trcel The bole itself remuins thin,
aCant and slender. Can a man be a
conventional dwarf and a natural giant oi the
aunle ,jI1)Cj Cute your little b.y' limbs in
men .would they crow! Plant a chestnut
Jesuitism and great Istellhct. L.iok
at the Catholics of the United States in
comparison with the Protestants. In the
whole of America there is not a sing'.e born
and bred Catholic distinguished for any
thing but the devotion to the Catholic Church.
I mean to say there is nit a man in Ameri
ca, born and bred a Catholic, w ho l.asany
distinction in science, literature, politics,
benevolence, or phihnthropy. I do eel
kuo.v one; I never heard cf a great philoso
pher, naturalist, historian, on tor, er post a
mongst them. The Jesuits have been in ex
istence three hundred years; they have had
their pick of the choicest intellect of ail Eu
rope they never lake a common man when
they know it; they subject every pupil to a
severe ordeal, intellectual &. phys'cal, us w ell
as moral, in older to ascertain w hether he
has the requisite stuflin him to m ike i strong
Jesuit out of. They have a scheme of educa
tion masterly in its way. But there has not
been a single great original man produced in
!the company of Jesuits from 1643 to 1834.
Plicw shsorb ta ent enoUL'h. but tllt'V slran-'
i;le it. Clipped talis never gro w large.
jn a tea-cup, do you get a tree' Not a shrub,
t.vf i'ut a priest or a priest s ereeu o me
only soil for t man to grow in; ne grows not
i ne trreat viou uiuvmeu .
.., . n . .1 ...A .k. n.n,.. inn.la nl
operationdo you suppose he will luru aside
'and amend or mar the universe at your or
my request. I think God will do no such
thin ' Parher.
Pith -ice Smiles on Payhe. M' Win.
; Pay ne was a very good feilow, was a teach-'
! er of music, in a pleasant town in M iesachn
! setts; and in his school, one winter, was
'pretty girl, some twenty yeats old. named
' Patience Adans, who having made a strong
i impression up n Mr. Hayne, he ksl in t nie
in declaring his attachment, wnicn .uiss
reciprocated and an engogemeut was the re
sult: Just aa Mr. P.'s attentions becusie
nub if. ami me met oi on bhl'u'c-iiicui.
Kriitrmiy ""i ...
in ,,nj,.,. -,i -ii the o irties on a cer-
! "'""""'s "" r ' -
U L AIIV lUUZIIs Ul
turn for the commencing exercise " receru.
I Street," in that excellent collection orchurch
music, ''The C.rinina Sacra-" Every one
loved Patience, and every one
thehitrhest respect for Payne; and with
he.,,; good will on the part of the school.
- , the chorus commenced: i
"fee gentle Patience smile on Fain,
Sec dying hope revive again.'
The coincidence was so striking, that
. ....... Uim ennnrr lames anu izeuuciucu
. . ... . .i
t . ' . .' , .. u
.i,M aearreiv ue restraiuca luna cuvwu
vvu.. --- - -
'get through the tune. The besulifal young
lady was still mors charming with her blush-
in? checks and modeatly cast down eyes,
while the tescher wss so exceedingly ember-
ranted, he knew not what lie did. Hastily
turning over the leaves ot the book, his eye
met a well known tune, and he called out
i" Dundee." The song began as soon ss suf
j (icier t order could be restored, and at the
last line of the following stania rose to a
' Leinotdes; air nor fall revenge'
lie to mybjrom known;
0i, five m.-u-tre (or o h rs" woes,
And rstiencefor my own."
Patience waa already betrothed; she was
in fact his: in about a year afterwards they
became tn..r. and w fe.
gnue ratience snuieu on rsyne,
And Payne l.ai Patienee lor his own.
It is pleasant to add that they sl.ll live;
r.,r up like lml nlaa&ant I'avni a hava bean
. , . - . ,
tiM lo lne mi'y.' wh.ich ' one of
'PP'"-'t to be found in this beautiful world
Dr. Rec, of Ed nbu-gh, asys that a single
drop of the oil of tobacco being placed on
the tungue of a cat, produces violent convul
row s'o:.a, ui.d d.'ath usirlf in th? space of a min
thcr u e.
Dr. Mu?sey, of Ciucinn tti, tried several
experiments on cats, squirrels, etc., and
found tint convulsions and death in a few
minutes was the effect in every casein
which tnt oil of tobacco was applied to the
tongues of such animals,
D.-. Wood, one of the authors of the U. S.
Di-pensatorr, says that the active principle
ot tobacco 'is one ot the most virulent poi-
tnotLD Boys ise T bacco? No; it is a
poison. Dj vol usk for prof! You shall
ri. ,,f M .... Imtor. r.eir and. states
-- - a
tV.t a liti! h.iw i.;ht tears old. leinir trou-
b ed w i'.h the d'sehse called scald-head, his
fsthcr applied tobacco ,uica. He aoon grew
dizzy and blind; then sck; hi -i limbs t ittered,
h.) lace became pale and covered with sweat;
and in a f.-w hours he was dead.
A sliut man was kil.ed by tobacco, used
as an injection, in 13 minutes.
A single drachm, or eighth part of at
ounce, lias been known to kill a person. Dr.
(Jhristison mentions a case in London, in
which the peraon to whom that quantity was
administered, died in 33 minutes.
James Barry, of Sileui, Miss., aged 12
years, was s.id, in tho papers, lo have died
in consequence of smok:ng cigars.
sons known;' and thut one drop of a solution
of it was enough to destroy a dog; and small
birds prrirhed w hen a tube containing it came
The plant is like the deadiy nightshade and"
stramonium two of the strongest poisons.
Where it does not kill a p-rson, it injure
him, in many casct vey aeriously. Many
are n ade insane by it.
Now, should boys get the habit of using,
by smoking or chewing, such a poison! Is
fokon good for theml
Let it alune, boys. Thousands of men
wish they had never seen it, though having
got the habit of using it and become poison
ed by it, they do not know how to leave off.
You that are free new, keep clear of it. Let
the poison stuff ul-ine.
The Evils of Tobacco.
It cotts more than education or religion,
the army or navy. It costs England and
America a sum sufficient to support 50X00
ministers with a salary of 1,000 dollars; or
inore'than 100,000 missionaries. The atu-
dents in one college pay more than 6,000
for segr.rs yearly. It tends to idieness.pov.
erty, strong drink, and the whole family of
vices. Il tends to debility, dyspepsia.palsy,
cancers, ir.sanity, delirium tremens, snd sud
den deaths. It weaves a wiadiug sheet around
20,000 in our Und every year.
"CAX'T I VSE TOBACCO, SIR, If I rLEASE!"
O, yes, my friend, you can be a chewing,
smoking, snuffing, spitting, ditgus.ing mor
tal, it you please. So can your iittle son.
"S'.snd us-ide, my little boy, I want to pass."
"Don't c ill me a lilt'.e boy, sir; I have smo
ked and t hewed these two years."
A SMOKY WORLD, THIS!
B shnpi, doctors, deacons, lawytr-i smoke!
15. ,ys smoke! Liltle ragged, dingy, thieving,
sweating boys smoke. -Futher," said au ur
chin, 'ain't you opposed to monopolies!"
"Yes." ' Then get me a box of Havanas
and a show I.
1. Never use it yoursell. S. Banish it
from your families and premises. 3. Purify
the church. 4. Rebuke the manufacture auj
sale of it. 5. Lok after schools and save
the young. 6 Sign and circulate this pledge:
I hereby pledge tnysall to abstuin Irom me
use of tobacco, in ali forms, totally and forever.
A Fable.'' My dear ciuldreu." atid an
old rat to his young ones, the infirmities of
old age a.-e pre.-i- g so henvily upn ine that
I have lit rm'nejto dedicate the remainder
of my days lo n o t fication and penance in A
narrow and lonely hu!e which I have lately
d st-overed; but let me nol interfere wilhyour
enjoymeu'.s. Youth i the te tin for plea
sure;Jbe happy, therefore, and only obey my
li.st injunctiun, never come nesr me in my
retreat. God b'es you all." Deeply affec
ted, sniviling sudibly, and wisping his patern
al eyes with his tail, the old rat withdrew,
and was seen no more tor severs! aays, wnen
his youngest daughter, moved rath.'r with
fillial affection than by the curiosity which
has been attributed to the sex, stole to his
cell of mortification, which turned out to be
ahole, made by his own teeth, in aa enor
... a an. unrneu uown
Mill Burned About ton days ago the
steam Flouring Mill belonging to Booth
& Woodward, hall a mile east of Georgetown
in this county was buraed down. There
wus about five hundred bushels or wheat and
pftr.aideruble eorn in the mill, all of which
the I wai destroyed
The warehouse and stable
. . . . i i ...
...I . . .
, ujaix itrpuu