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title: 'Belmont chronicle. (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1855-1973, July 26, 1855, Image 2',
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ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER
Halifax. July 1 9lh. The Cunard atcsm
hip t.'aaada arrived this morning from Liv
erpool, with dated to the 7th init. Nothing
important irom th seat of war.
Iron market active, pricea unchanged.
Wejah har iron on board ihip qaotod at 1
lOs.Welsh raila 7 6. Scotch pig 74a 84.
The weathe haa been ftvtrable.
There haa been no new movements in the
Crimea. Ample detaila of the recent repulse
have been publithed.
Money eaay though scarcely ao cheap aa
before tbe publication of the Prencn loan.
Lord Raglap waa buried on the 3d of July
with great pomp.
It waa remotest that General Pelissier ia to
Tbe allien areatrengthening their advances
against the Malakofl", and tbe works are pro
A French battery of 30 guns haa been
nearly completed In front of Careening Bay,
to keep off the Russian men-of-war.
Vienna papers say that Gortchakofl has sent
for 30.000 additional troops.
Gen. Liperandi haa been reinforced by
The Sardinians and Turks, under Omar
Pasha, made an expedition into the interior
without any resistance.
The museum captured at Lertach ia on its
way to Paris.
A csreful estimate ihows that the belli
gerent have lost 1,000,000 lives.
Russian aecounta to 19lh June atate that
the tiliec Bottilla, 180 guns, fire.l Tor 8 hours
at the batteriea at the mouth of the Marua
without effect, and then retired.
Tne alliea modo a deacent on the Kctka
Islanda and destroyed the Government stores,
and a'tacked Revel without effect.
The bulk ol the allied aquadrene waa of!
Mr. Roebuck had been refused a commltet
of inquiry into the brutal conduct of the po
licemen in Hyde Park on tbe occaaion of tin
Sudsy tarding bill Mots.
Wilner Gibson had asked for an explana
tlon of Lord John Russell's statement in thi
Vieuna Conference that England never con
templsted the leatoration of Hungary am
Poland. Mr.Cobden; Mr. Roebuck and Mr
De Israeli all atacked Lord John Russell
after which the matter waa dropped.
Lord Elgin, it iaaaid, will be ippoi-ite
Poat Master General.
The Cunard ateamship Peraia waa launch
ed at Clyde on the 3d of July.
Thn Russian Secretary of Legation t
Portugal.was recently diarovered on boat da
English steamer from Southampton to Livei
pool. He had been on a secret expedition!
France and England.
France. The Legislative Assembly o
the 5th of July voted a loan 760,000,00
francs, in addition to the propoaed law t
increase the taxation, which it waa expecte
to yield 70 millions per annum.
The emperor'a speech had been well rt
It wsa reported that the Austrian Ministi
had asked for an explanation ofthe referenc
to his Government.
We have advicea from Spain via Marseille!
which atatea that a riaing took place i
Crtalonia, nominally about wages. Tw
Barcelona manufacturer were killed.
The National Guarda had refuted to marc
and the General had ahut himself up in th
citadel. He sent mediators to the insurgent
who received them with shouts of ,Long liv
Advices from Madrid by telegraph, to thi
7th, state that tbe inaurgents atill held tli
city of Barce'ona.
A Carlist leader had been totally defeate
The Times' Pa-is correspondent aaya thi
Spanniah Miniater of war had a long an
confidential conference with the Einperc
Napoleon on the atate of Spain.
Napoleon expressed a determination t
prevent any attempt to unseat Queen Iaabeli
Pruasia. The King is recovering Irom ri
cent aevere illness.
Russia English pspars are 'manufactu
ing atatementa with regard to Revolutionai
movementa in Russia in lavor of Grand Dul
Conatantioe. Thty are mere inventions.
Sr. Lot: is, July 18. At the evening aeaali
of Pro-Slavery Convention, Lexington, Mi
9nd day, great cenfuaion aroae on the subjc
of President Hhsnnon's sddreas, which w
Anally allayed by the Convention passing
vote ol thanka.
On the 3d day, after a atormy debate
platform waa adopted to the following i
That an agitation of Slavery by Congre
or the several atatea, will Anally leao to
dissolution of the Union; that reaolutiona
non-slsve. holding State not lu admit mc
&lav Territories, is a declaration of ht
tility to the Constitution. That Slave
tends to smeliorate the condition of the alavi
maintaine an equilbrium againat a non-ala
holding majority at thia preaent lime: that t
Nebraeky-Kansae act and fugitive alave la
are accordingly approved, and that the moi
ed eomblnationa to colonise Ksnssa la
attempt to thwart the parpnaea of the Co
etitution, and will naturally lead te realatanc
that while an intention to interlere with t
rigktaof actual settlers is diaclaimed.yet th
will protec. themselves and property from
-ncroachmenta; that the 18 border counll
0.000 staves, which would become leaa
Kansas became the abode of abolition fanslii
hat whee the good aenae of the Hoi
ehonld put down fanatical agitation and lea
Kansas to settle its own affairs, in ita o
A commit'ee waa appointed to prepare
address to the people of tbe United Stai
giving a history of the Ksnaaa excitement
Tbe resolution waa adopted calling ou'l
Miaaouri Lcgislstere to legislate within l
Constitution sgsinsl the products of Ms
achusstts and other Northern States tl
have practically nullified the fugitive ala
law. The convention thee adjourned.
ACCJMRT THI C. O. R. II Baturc
right' mail train, when on the curve f
miles thia aide pt Barneaville, mat with
accident which a rrlnute sooner might ha
proved fatal to many of ita passengers. 1
locomotive, Immediately alter leaving
heavy AH" jumped from the track, i
look with it the tender and baggage car
The eng n ) waa pretty bsdly "smsshed u
but fortunately no person waa hurt. 1
train ws i detained an hoar dHbre rVA
i- , Krfjt.
HE BELMONT CHRONICLE
Eteratl hostility to every form of Ivr- 8
no " v over the mi ml of Men." a
Thursday Morning, July 2C, 1855.
REPUBLICAN STATE TICKET.
SALMON P. CHASE, of Hamilton. 1
10 LIESTIN1NT SOVtRNOK,
THOMAS H. FORD, of Richlsnd.
rOR AUDITOR OF STATS,
FRANCIS M. WRIGHT, o( Chmpaign.
roR stasiTARY or stats,
JAMES H BAKER, of Ross.
roa TRtAsvRr.R or stati,
WILLIAM H.GIBriON.ol Seneca.
roR juBora or thi supreme court,
For the full ttrm,)
JACOB BRINKERHOFF, ol Richland.
(For Me rarsnr.
CHA9. C. CON VERS, of Muskingum.
TOR ATTORNEY OERERAL,
F. D. KIMBALL, of Medina,
roa Mr m rt a or THS board or public worxs.
ALEX. O.CONOVER. of Miami.
That the republican Mass Conven
tion of the 4th of July, adjourned
to meet in this placo on the second
The 11th day of August, 1855.
A uounty lickct is to be put in
nomination, for the coming election,
it is therefore desirable thnt there be
as large a turnout of the friends ol
tho Republican cause as is possible,
1 A more perfect organization of the
i Republican party will be elTected)
. and measures taken to unite more
t effectually all the friend of freedom
Report the Auditor of State.
Notwithetanding there is no law requiring
d of the Auditor of States publication of thi
etste of the finances except for the year im
medii.tely preceding the regular aeasion of tin
0 State Legislature, we have before us thi
ii "Annual report of tlio Auditor of State, oi
- tho condition ofthe Anances in Ihe yea
0 1854." The reason of the publication at th
present time ia obvious, and if tho people a
0 the State con be made to pay tke bill, a dem
o ocratic official embraces the opportunity lo
We freely admit that there are parts t
this document which show well for 'the man
r agement of the p-esent state finances, a
e compared with the years 1853 or 1853, yet tl i
is not the propor plan. Thia is only com
' paring one year of democratic management
0 and taxation with another; only comparin
aomelhing which ia radically bad with somi
h thing that is n great deal worae. What doc
it aifnify.Jif lha tmxem loried In 18B4 or
e smaller than those levied in 1853, does ths
prove anything in favor j of Locofocoism
) Notonewhit! If the taxes in 1853 are $,
e 000,000 toe much, and are $500,000 lesa ii
1864 than they were in 1853, does that provi
thai they are all right in 18541 By n
d But let ua compare some of the ileum i
" 'his model report, with similar items in r
0 ports of other yeara. From the preaent n
l, port, and othera in our posseaaion we githi
the following ezpenditurea:
1841 1847 1851 18
r- r.ee.i,l!,ire, $r, 1 80,632 $82,124 78.1:
.v Judicial officers, V'4.434 24 .692 57,5ft! 53,7
' Eaeculive " 7.000 17.326 14,102 10.2
58 Printing 12,032 11,964 20,351 19,2
Clerks for officers $7.2mi 9,3
$68,962 80,604 181,374 170,6
n In 1846 and '47 the coat of the above iter
i waa 9149,676, while in the years 1853. si
" '64 the cost sf the ssme items wss $353,05
, We bsve s difference then In fsvor of tl
rests 1848 & 7, in these items of $303,47
a The Democrata are the financiers now, ai
f- in 1846 St 7 they were not. In the abo
account we omitted Ihe item of stationer
" In 1847 it wss $8,013, and in 1854 it w
b" $33,863. If. in the years 1846 & 7 the wo
ire legislation went on aa well aa now-
is- justice waa as impartially, and judicially a
ry ministered and if the wheels of the enti
'' State government were aa well oiled bv t
ve . "
ne $149,676 aa in 1853 & 4 they were by t
w $351,056, 1 it juatice ia it patriotism it
ll" honesty in the present party In powor to d
n mand for their lervices the Isst nsmed sur
" An'.icipsting, then.from every honest ms
l, sn affirmative snswsr, we Inquire csn s psr
sy which will take $300,000 without giving i
H equivalent in return, be expected to act
anything with an eye single to tV good
;( tbe State, and Ihe intereats of her peoplel
(h Let ua look, for a moment, at the ata
ve debt, and compare it at preaent with oth
"n years. In 1840, when tin-re waa a got
working Whig majority in the Legislatu
" the entire debt of the Stste was $10,346,0
besides a floating, or "unfuudod debt" whi
he msde it over $30,000,000. This enormo
he debt had been aaddled on to the Stats by I
"' colocoism, which hsd rulsd tbe Stste just
t it plessed. Although the Whigs did not ke
the sscendsncy in the legislsture alter t
session of 1846-7 yet their financial polic
u, Ihe tax law of 1846 waa maintained un
, the lat of January, 1863, as long Jo
ve Woods wss Auditor of Stale. In Jsnuai
'he 1863 ths satire StsU debt waa $17,349,9
ind ,nd1 tne dte ot tnii rP" it waa $17,30
, 63. Now from November, 1846 to Janus
p N 1853 Is about five yeara, in which time t
'he State debt waa reduced $1,896,038, or six
$379,306 each year Prom January 18
entil the cats of thia report ia about thi
ears in which time the democrscy le re- th
deed the debt $143,816, which is shout 47,- pr
39 per yesr. Thus we find, that notwith- N.
landing the enormous aggregate of taxation it
evied in Ohio in the last three years, but a s
err small portion of it waa appropriated te bi
laying existing indebtedness. From 1846 lo ao
1853, not inclusive, there waa paid on the
3tate debt each year nearly four times as
much aa there waa each yesr from 1853 to "
1854, inclusive. Lotus see then how the
aggregate amount of taxation each year stood. 11
The total amount of the State levy, in each 01
year from 1846 to 1854 la aa follows:
1847 81,131,398 1851 $687,391 C'
1848 noil found. 1852 I.776.S36 tl
1849 1.296,547 1851 3,026.323
1850 1,413,830 1851 3,077,601
Where then did all this enormou sum go? v
A very small portion indeed, (less thsn $160,- ''
000) had been applied to paying off the State B
debt the reat haa gone into the private coffera '
of a Locofoco officiary.
Again, with reference to the local expenses
of the several countiea la the State. A great (
ado ia made about theae. Now we ask, in ,
all candor, who is to blame if an Auditor'a (
feea are very large if a Clerk's, a Treasur- j
er'a, a Sheriff's or a Probate Judge's fees are (
heavy! Are they at liberty to make out .
their own bills, and fix their own pricea to y
their workl So far from it, the Legislature .
1 prescribes the compensation to a penny that .
I they must recoive for their labor. With the
exception of the Auditor of Hamilton county
whose salary ($1600 a year) ia fixed by speci
al act, every item of an Auditor'a account
haa its price fixed by a power over which he
has not the leut control. This great bugbear
then, falls to the ground, rntirelly collapsed. I
In the foregoing article it has been our
desire to "nothing extenuate, nor set down
aught in malice," but to give facts th.at we
know to be such. We have in our posses
, sion copies oT he State Auditor's reports for
the last 10 years, except 1848, and from them
we have obtained the above information. If
' any one doubta any of our atatements we
can ahow the proof, and will do so willingly.
, We can appreciate that spirit in a man
, ahich prompts him to desire to give light to
the uninformed, but where, under the pre
. tended garb of official duty, a partial report
, ia made, in the heat of a'political campaign,
l it is an electioneering trick too transparent for
the veriest novice in such matters, and should
disgrace an old atager like Auditor Morgan.
j. If he is honest Ir. hia report, and wishes to
show candidly how the financjnof 1854 coin
pare with other yeara, let him compare them
j with some 8 or 10 years past, and not with
! I 1853 and 53, years in which the political pro
fligacy of officiarststion at Columbus, both
a Executive and Legislative, waa only equalled
g by the profligacy of the aamo party and of
. ficiary in 1854.
"How they wriggle! The critters
must be alive."
a The Republican Convention has effected
e onethlng, If nothing more, ft has excited
t an unwonted alir in the Democratic ranks,
! causing them to wake up, and endeavor to
- find where they stand. In their lugubrious
i notices of tlio 13th of July Convention one
a would fancy the Locofoco press of the state
a had "agreed to disagree," for there never was
such a strange contradiction, and inconsist
n I ency or opinisns aa apaear now with refer
t. ence to the reault of that Convention. Last
. week Citizen Sammedary aeemed at a terri
, ble loss which tuck to take but this week
he pities the American party; saya ho always
thought tbey hsd more spunk than to be led
11 j by any one; alwaya considered them a noble
39 ' act, (oh, shsnae, where ia they blush!) bul
j now they have gone and did it. Another pa
1 per ssys that the Whig party is greatly to bt
81 pitied that noble party which boaated ir
is dsys of other yeara. of a Clay and a Web
id atcr, to aubmit to such a tremendous ''sell.'
5- Another grows eloquent in its lachrymose
ie lamen'.ations over the honest Free Soiiers
9. who, after maintaining their distinctive
nd features for so long a time must now suffci
ve themselves to be merged into the Old Whig
y. Parly or the K. N. Order. Still anothoi
aa comes in, and endeavoring to be stunningly
rk funny, likens the Columbus Convention to
-if tho Kilkenny cat fight the valorous finale
d- to which, everybody is conversant with. Oui
rn neighbor, down town, always eminently ori
he ginal (!) in hia course on every topic, leadc
he off in an entirely new track, and on the sub-
it jectof the Convention, says not a word
e- Now we think, after the Dsmocralio Stal
nl Central Committee which met in Columb.ii
n, on ths 13th found nothing else to do, the)
ty ought to hsve decided on concert of scliot
ila in fighting the coming campaign, for now
in their opposition amounta to nothing, aa it ii
of just "lying about loose" and the only con
cluaion we arrive at sa we view their diminu
to tive party through a powerful double mag
er nifying telescope, is thst of John Phoenix
id. when viewing the innumerable animslculat
re, wlich inhabit a drop of vinegar "How the)
03 wrjggle! The critters must be alive."
Country Sabbath School.
" We have aeldem spent sn hour mor
pleasantly than we did last sabbath evening
'P at Beech Hill school house f miles esst o
he town, in the ssbbslh school. There wen
Tl nssrly 100 scholars present, all sttenlive, sue
til impressed by the holiness of the day, sndtht
hn importance of their organisation. After lh
y- uaual exercisea ol the dsy were over Rev
ti MorrAT, of thia place addreaaed the achoo
in a mrsl excellent addresa, from thia text o
rji Scripture: " Coaie, ye children, hearken unti
ni' "me: I will teach you the fear of the Lord.'
u Psalms, 84, 11. We hsve seldom hesrd i
more besutiful snd effective sddress thsn th
" the ene ws refer to containing gem ol
ought for the young mind, and rich in the 1
ecioue trutha of the everlasting gospel. '
ine hesrd him but went swsy feeling thst
wss good for them to be there, and many ,
bbaths will hsve come jtnd gone ere the c
autiful address snd its 'plesssnt, holy ss- I
ciations will be forgotten.
fJ-Tbe Gatette in exhorting the 'unterifi- I
I' to "be up snd doing." ssys:
"Let the good work begin snd be kept up, .
i public and in private." The italics are
Now verily, that is cool. Blowing hot snd .
aid with the same breath. At the eame
me denouncing one aeciet aociety, and
inking at, yet supporting ancther. Ad
Bxg private political action, yet professing
la bor for the overthrow of aecret political
ocieliea. Csst out the esw-log which is In
Ii i no owp eye, before plucking the splinter
rom thy brother's eye.
OCyOur friend Fawcett need hsve no frars
bout our aupporting the State Republican
icket. That ia a foregone conclusion. We
iever intended to do anything else, and hav
ng placed it at the head of our columns, we
icpe never to lower i, except to tranafer it
0 the head of that other column this fall,
vhich will constitute about $80,000 majority
)f the voters of Ohio. Nor will we lend it
1 meagre, hesitating support, but we go into
the canvass with our every energy bent to
the success of our cause. This is no time
for looking bock the movement of the great
mass is onward ond stopping will leave one
far in the rear, as mere camp followers ol
the great army of freedom. We are a sol
dier in that camp, enlisted for the war, be
it long or short, and we expect te stand the
shock of batl'e unwaveringly.
QThi Statesman, and kindred prinls are
rejoicing over the position of Bristcr, of the
Newark Times, on ,tl. Republican nomina
lions. The Statesman should bear in mind
that pro-slavery men. whether Democrats or
not, are not expected to support the Repub
lican ticket. Mike's cry ahould have beer
"a ahiliing'a worth of hemp good merchant."
Belmont vs. Monroe, Our cor.
respondent, man tiave overlooked tin
relation Belmont County beara to the new
School Law, in his solicitude (or Monioe.
Belmor.t paid out last J ear fur School pur
poses $17,865 39, and received to be appliec
to School purpoaes $24,702 34. Thia leave:
a balance in lavor of Belmont County o
$3,836 31. We then are about as''poor," o
miserable" or what ever "Pinchill" choosei
to call it, ss Monroe Co.
07-1 1 is 'rue, thst those persons whi
doubt the success of the Republican ticke
are green prepoateroualy green; but thei
the local editor of the Ohio 'State Journa
is greener, (Greiner.)
fXy-The editor ot the Cadiz Sentinel ac
knowledges a jfimnge ot principle, as wi
charged him. Ijj fact he could not help i
when plumped right straight at him.
"Didn't do Nothih'!" Tho Locoloci
Central Committee were here yesterday, ii
full force, attended by r.ll the antiquate
County Court House wire pullers that coul
raise dimes sufficient to pay the expenses c
the trip. We have seldom seen as man
hang-dog loooking facea aa were gathered tc
gether in fror.t of the long range of Stat
Buildings yesterday, but, as it was none c
our lunural, we did'nt mix in to learn the dc
tails ol their discomfort.
In the afternoon, large posters wore ptitu
on the corners, calling upon the State K.
cutive Committee to meet at half paat
o'clock, at the 100m of the Board of Publ
Works, "aa business of great importanc
was to be transacted." The meeting wi
' held, the room wa,s crowded, the heat wi
1 excessive, but, some how or other, there wi
no businexs brought 'before the assembl;
, and, in a few minutes each fellow who helpe
to make up this ill-looking crowd waa seei
carpet bag in hand, trotting towards th
1 Depot, as though '.he laat whistle was jui
1 about to sound.
Somebody had evidently put a spider int
, their dumpling, and something or other hs
; spiled tho entertainment to which they ha
been invited. O. S. Journal.
In proof of tho "antiquated County Coui
House wire pullers" part of the above, w
notice by their respective sheets thatMessri
Chas. N. Allen, and Jas. R. Morris th
former, of the Cadiz Sentinel, the latter c
the Spirit of Democracy, were upjthere froi
thia part of the State, and finding no split i
1 the Republicsn Conveuti on, they 'pitched ii
1 to the ticket. In the Isngusge of Leu
1 Campbell, they were the "wreckers, hoverin
along the beach to gather up the choic
' packagea that might float aahore from tk
wreck." But aa it happened there waa r
1 j wreck, as our good ship still rides the billow
' 1 having safely cleared the threatening breake
' j and now aails calmly in s smoother ses.
From the Scioto Gazette.
The Campaign—The Elements.
dirung 111 mc fin 11 v, mo luviiiciuilltj
the msjesty of our principles, we enter tl
contest before us with a firm heart and 1
unfaltering belief that "plumed victory" wai
upon our banners. It is a battle ior tl
, Right, in Truth, on which Rea -on waits 1
hundmaid; it is a battle for Liberty, whoi
' fruita have been poisoned, and whose lusti
; haa been blighted with abam;ii ia a bait
1 for Honor, whoae dignity has been bumblei
I snd it is s battle for Law, whose majesty hi
( been insulted. Th PEOPLE, roused by n
pealed wrongs and unnumbered injuries, si
' moving in solid columns to sek redress. -1
The difference concerning men cannot dive
I them from their great purposes. The prii
r of party falls before U8 august majesty
th vital principlea at stake. "Let the dei
' bury their dead," we act only in the livir
present." Former preferences are laid asid
1 that intense vitality may b given 1 1 tl
. great questions of the day . In this conte
, we jetand shoulder to shoulder with sue
rVhigs a Gen. Sampson Mason, Elias w
'i.nnrun', Benj. 'Stanton, Gen. Km aim Ii'
!jCKLev, Judge Fisrbaci. Chavrcky N. si
)lds, Wm. B. Thrall, HtnAM Oriswold tv
nd host of others, equally prominont and fr
liatinguished' Here, too, are to be found tl
lundreda of the former leading apirita ofthe
democratic party. Associated with these ti
ire the greet champions of the Free Soil tl
inrly. Blending togethet in one harmonious s
vhole, they are reolved to push the battle 1
10 the enemy's gates, to enter within the h
walls and drive out the iniquitous dynasty it
who have robbed Freedom and sold the coun- 1
iry to the Black Power of Slavery, it be- a
cornea the party of progress. Refusing to f
whine about the fossiliferous remains of past t
organizations, it pushed boldly 011 with the c
progressive spirit of the sge, believing it
better to have a living Faith in living Prin c
ciples, than to let the chariot wheela of Pro- 1
gress crash the dry bones of supine inert
ness. The momentcus importance of the
question at tasue, the energy, zeal and dc- i
termination of the people, are such as to give I
the organization a vitality such aa no other 1'
political movementa ever possessed. It is 1 1
impossible to resist the populsr current for , 1
the grest principles of American Freedom.
As well attempt to dam up the water of the 1
Misiesippi "with bulrushes, aa to fetter the
Btep of Freedom" on this continent. Slrong
in the right and juctice of our case, we!
move forward to a certain and glorioua vie-
TO A TAX PAYER.
If the gentleman w'10 makes an inquiry in
tho Gazette of the 19th inat., over the sig- j
nature of "A Tux Payer," will give me his
proper name and residence, I will answer his
inquiry through the public prints with great
pleasure and t.' the best of my ability, it is
very proper that ihe Tax Payers should know
how, what and by whom the public monies
have been expended, when the inquiry comes
from n legitimate end reliable source, ond
certainly if the gentleman fekls any interest
in the inquiries he nisxes he will have no re
luctance in disclosing his name. The Books
snd Papers in the Auditors Ocffie are public
Records and open for inspection at all times
without charge, but when I am called upon
for written answers to inquiries that will take
time and labor to prepare, I prefer knowing
the source they come Irom.
JAS. F. CHARLESWORTH.
July 19th, 1855.
What has Slavery to do with us?
It defames our national reputation. What
American, in whose breast, dwells the spirit
' of Liberty whose pulse throbs at th-i gather
I ing cry of freedom, who doea not blush for
, his country, in view of this foul blot upon the
f escutchsou of her honor. How shall we in
tercede with the despots of the old world, in
r behalf of her millions of oppressed, bleeding
1 suffering poor.
"Go let us ask of Constantine
To loose hia grasp on Poland's throat
) And bag the lord o Muhmoudsline
t To sporo the Straggling SUliOt
Will not the scorching answer corns
1 From ".urbaned Turk and scornful Rum,
Go loose your fettered alavea at homo
Thon turn and auk the like of us. "
Thus it is that our own infamy prevents us
from protesting against European despotism.
I I'liiis, while Irelano groa ne beneath the heel
( of her oppressor; while bleeding buffering
Polund is partitioned off, and divided out
imongst the petty der pots thnt surrounde i
, h0' while Austria and Russia combine t
, crush, gallant Hungaiy, snd blot nut hei
j name from among the nations of tho earth;
j while the bayonets of Nupoieon the sub'
I verter of the constitution of his own conn
y tr.V glitter in the sun of the Eternal city
!. o suppress Italiun Republicanism, and up
e hold the temporal and spiritual despotism o
lf "God's Vicegerent" Pio Nino, no renion
. slrance, no denunciation, is heard from Frei
Republican, America. Thus our influence
lor good our opportunities to proclaim thi
f principles of Eternal justice among the na
g tiona of the earth is lost. What Po'.enlati
lc of the old world, who reads our national de
claration that "all men are created frco anc
8 equal, and are endowed by their creator witl
8 certain inalienable rights, among which an
Liberty and the pursuit of happiness," does
, not point with scorn to our 3.304,000 and the
j number of our alavea; anu pronoance thit
, great effort at self government, a signs
lt I have shown in answering the question.
"What hus slavery to do with us!" that il
degrades our occupation; It defies our moral
j sentiments; It destroys our reverence foi
j law; ltdrainsoff our substance or its support;
and it defames our National reputation: Anil
haviu; thus shown what slavery has to do
1 with us, I shall as briefly show some of the
0 things we huve to do with It) and hero Icl
1. me observe thnt with slavery in the states thai
have adopted it, we have nothing to do, be
yond exerting our influence to convince tht
people of its inherent wrongfulness, of ill
" unprofitableness, andj of its violation of tin
n principlea of justice and our free institutions
i' Thia we have the constitutional and mora
. tight to do, but beyond this, tu undertake iti
abolition by legal or forcible means. Re
' publicans a party, and ita members aa indi
:e viduals, disavow all power, disavow all in
ie clination, and protest againat ita attempt, a
a usurpation of power not inhtront in us, o
authorized by the constitution of the Unitei
ra This disclaimer would be altogethei unne
cesssry, were politicians and political Editor
honest, but aa tthe Waahington Union am
Sentinel, have ao often asterled that thi
Disuneoneata or Garrisonisns, and the Anti
,,l alavery votera, out of which the Rrpublicai
,e party ia formed, and the falaehood haa beei
so of:en repeated, there may be some wei
H meaning persons who still believe it.
ie But while we have no legal control ovei
l( slavery in the states; we ought to arrest it.
ie extension. Slavery like tho "daughter of thi
tt hurse leech i continually crying, give, giv.'
Ie It i continually aeeking new fields of ,virgi
j; soil to NSjUch it jnay extend it blighting
u j withering curo. Thesiil of Virginis sin
oihers of the slave stsies, has become o in
re poverisheljOTtho thrillless cultivation uf thi
Overseer, audits victims, that slave lubo
rt has become unprofitable, and the slave own
lu era hsve found it necessary to turn their at
of lention te slave breeding, aa their onlj
l sou.-ce of revenue. Consequently they de
tg isand the extension of alavery. As this wil
e, not only give an increased market for then
1,. alavra.and furnish an outlet for their childrei
it ' and friends who may be dssiious of selllin,
:hiu life snd sdopting thst mode of living fei
hich their eduestlon has qualified them, viz en
'ing by other men'a labor; but it will give am
avery an increased repreaentation in the wl
hi houses of Congress, snd thus prevent the co
iends of Freedom, from tsking sny stpps th
ist might prove prejudicial to the system. co
Now slnvery, insists that il has tho right , bo
any, or all the Territories of the U. S. I Fi
tat Congress has no powor to placo sny re- i by
Irictions upon it, and lhat the aettlers of tho
'erritoiies, while in a Territorial capneity, be
ave no power to exclude it; it contenda that lii
1 ha an equal right with Freedom to the m
territories of tho nation, and it it should be d(
ble to overpower or outgeneral freedom.Jand Hi
orm a state constitution 'egalizing and sane- bi
ioning slavery that nobody has any right to lc
VV on the contrary maintain, that as Con- tl
;ross has power to "make all needful rules ( q
ind regulations for the government ofthe 0
rerritories" belonging to the Generel Gov- a
rnment, it can exclude alavery, 11s clearly as tl
t can exclude Monarchy.or grog selling aa it c
las done in some instsnces or Mormon vt
rheocrscy, as it should do. We contend ti
;hat Congress hss no more power to mske a a
slave than il has to make a King that it ti
can neither add too, nor diminish the nstion- t
al rights of its subject except ss a punish-, ll
mentfor crime; that it can neither authorize ti
nor delegate to others the power to do that o
which cannot itself perform, and that there
fore it has no right or power lo permit slovery u
to enter upon tho national domain. We con- a
tend that aa slavery is the creature of posi-1 s
tive law, the slave the victim of municipal j f
regulation; the moment he goes beyond the a
jurisdiction of this municipal regulation, 1 1
which strips him of his rights; he is a free : f
man, and therefore if the Constitution was t
obeyed, and laws in pursuance of its spirit 1
made ond enforced, slavery never would and '
never rr old At lunil hnvnml ita nresent limits.
Pease Township, July 16th, 1855.
BELMONT, OHIO July 23d. 1855.
Editor Chronicle: I
Enclosed please find $1 as promised for
printing bill. You soy that you will go it
for the good of the cause, but I would rother
pay you this much, snd you mty consider the 1
balance of your trouble for the csuse. There
was not so many persons in attendance at
the convention from this county as would
have been had the arrangements been known
sooner, but as it was we had a fine delegation
as to number and quality.
The Convention was acknowldged I believe
by all parties 10 be the largest delegate Con
vention ever held in the place and I think as
harmonious as s convention of that size could
well be where there was anything like a
diversity of opinion brought fuse, as
there was there.
Indeed the very best feelings seemed to
prevail at the close of the convention and
when there was a motion made lhat th per
sons nominated, be considered the unani
mous nominees of the convention, several
delegates from counties thut had voted a
gainst the nomination of Mr. Chase, expres
sed their sati'-factioc wilh the ticket and
hoped lhat there would not De a dissenting
voice. When the question was put there
was tremendous aye and not ore no.
I huve no doubt there were many outsiders
present who were anxiously wstcl.ing for the
Convention to split to pieces in order thai
they might gather up tho fragments and at
tach them lo themselves but in this, lor the
time at leust, they were disappointed. The
only hope lor the Locofoco, slavery exten
sion Union Compromise repeal, high
Taxation party, is the disunion of the Re
publicsn (tarty. Will this disunion be effect
id tlieniir will it not, is the question that
most deeply concerns all that are opposed to
! the Kansas Nebraska bill, or that part of it
repealing the Missouri Compromise. I for
one do not fear that disunion. I believe the
, principle of opposition to the aggression of
the slave power to be the strongest principle
r With a lurge majority of the voters of Ohio.
This being the case they are not going to
; leave ihe principlea because the man does
1 not suit them in all respects. In the langu
; age of the Cincinnati Gazette "Nebraska &.
"anti Nebraska is the question thst must ent
I "tr Into the gubernatiorial canvass; such be
- "ing Tho question Mr. Chase was nominated
I "as being the best embodiment of the Anti
1 "Nebraska sentiment in the state."
1 So far as other abusea exist in state policy
(and they are not few,) we must look to a
I sound Legislature to remedy them. Let all
i therefore who are opposed to Jthe extension
I of slavery, sustain Mr. Chase, and see that
they have the right men for Candidates for
the Legislature and Senate. Whilst all that
are in favor of the Nebraska Bill can with
great propriety support Governor Medill, I
I I am aware that many persons look to the past
I course of Mr. Chase, and make this on ob-
l ection; but has not Mr. Chase always been
' true to his professed principles! and did he
1 j not, during the six yesrs he represented the
;' state of Ohio in the U. S. Senate, represent
hit corrcctiy! Bes'des you must remember
, (sb I once heard a person who is now one of
I Mr. Chase's opposers say, when he was ad
'! vocaling the elecon of Martin Van Buren
! ; in '48,after having opposed him in '40,) that
la man should not be held responsible in this
1 ! country for his political opiniona, more than
I I 4 years at a lime . I do not say that this is
right doctrine, but if I hear Mr. saying
much about CAase I will put him in mind of
' thia declaration.
1 I believe so far aa I have heard sentiments
r expressed since the Convention, it is that the
1 ticket is a good one, such being the case I
hope you will give it your hearty support.
Some of the Candidatea will slump the stale
' and I have no soubt will be in this county,
1 when all may see snd hesr fur themselves.
T. W. FAWCETT.
Mr Editor. The Republican party are
' charged wilh lendering.a seetiocal issue, and
' this has cauaed some good end sincere men
' to hesilale Iti scling wilh that pany. The
' choree is wholly without founuaiion. It is
' mado io intimidate. The Republican party
held lhat the Feder-l Government should let
1 slavery alone lhat 11 should do nothing to
sustain, ext. nd, or to perpetuate it. Most,
1 not all ol lbtB, demand in bolilion in the
r District ot Columbia-many of them demand
" the repeal, of the Fugitive Slave law, more
u uwUifieeiion-none of ihem claim that
' Congress can interfere with alavery iu the
' state's where it is tolerated.
1 There are men, Garrison and other, who
demand more, snd for that very reason they
1 do not act with the Republican parly.
I The great point, upon which the Republi-
I c,n pHrty are to a man united is ih.H ihe Fed-
1) Government shall do nothing to uphold,
itain, extend, or perpetuate Slavery beyond
tat ia expressly, and clearly required by tho
nstiiution of the United States one ol
MR think that nothing is required by thst
natitution, others think that Congress is
und to psss s Isw lor the reclsiming of
igitives from Isbor, wilh tho right of trial
jury, to the Fugitive.
Is this Sectionalism! Is this proposing a
md of union to be bounded by geographical
ies! What though the men of this psrty
ay be, mostly, of the north, or Free States,
ies that make the principle sectional! Does
at muke the party sectional! A party is to
: characterised by its principles, not by the
cality of those composing it. ,
We want slavery confined to the states
ist nor tolerate it. We want no more con
nest no more provinces added by purchase
r otherwise, and the people thereof natur
lized by treaty, to extend, and strengthen
ie power of slavery. This, we say, is ne
essary to preserve our liberty, and that it
rill be beneficial to the master and the slave
3 the bond and the free, and the Free ststes,
nd the slave atates, and to the whole coun
ty. Was it sectionalism to oppose the pro
ection of American manufactories, because
tie protected manufactories, and the friends
3 Buch protection, lived in particular sections
r the country!
The opponents of protection said let man
fac'.urere sustain, and extend, ,snd perpetu
te their favorite 'interests. This was not
ectional, yet it was H much bo, as to form a
iarty to prevent the protection, extension,
nd perpetuation of slavery. The friends of
he jpolicy of protc:ting American manu
octories, were its friends because they thought
hey ought to be extended and perpetuated. -Many,
if not all of them, are opposed to the
irotection, aid extension, and perpetuation
if slavery by the Federal Government, bo
;ause thfy believe slavery to be a great evil.
We have many other interests in the coun
try, any of which are as much sectional as
ilavery. The cotton, the sugar, the tobacco,
the woolen, the iron, and the foreign com
merce intereats, ore each and all of them
Bectiona),5i in the same sense that slaveryjs.
Must the Federal Government be permitt
ed to use all its powers to sustain and pro
mote any, or all these interests, because those
who have investments in them, or those who
favor such measures, live in one, or a few
states, and those opposed, in other sections
of the country! Must we hsve taxes and
war to Bustair these interests without the
privilege of using our voices snd the press,
and forming parties to oppose them if we
think them wrong!
We have a party, of mer in this country
favorable to the restoration of the Foreign
slave trade. They are confinod to particular
sections of the conntry. Should a psrty be
found to oppose this measure, it would bo
subject to the same objection. As well might
the action of the General Government bo
condemned as sectional, in opposing nullifies
tlon in South Carolina, because it was con
fined to a single state.
But from whence comes this sophism, that
to oppose the action of the Federal Govern
ment in favor of slavery, is sectional! It
comes from those who particinote in the re
cent Southern conventions From those who
with revolvers and bowie knives and strong
drink, wilh the words "popular sovereignty,"
on their lips, by 'jrute force, drove the legal
votera of Kansas from the polls, and have
for months trea'.ed that beautiful territory of
the United States entitled to protection from
our Government, sa a conquered country. It
domes from the open ut disguised advocates
of slavery, as a jpoaitivo good, and of tho
divine right o' tho mas'er to hold, and buy,
and eell human beings. And are the Repub
licans, the Whigs, or tho democrats, or tho
Know Nothings, or any of the free voters of
these United States to be intimidated, or
silenced by the sophistry of thoaewbd would
force such theories, and the measures to
carry out such theories 1 pon us? Never
unitl they a e prepared for veasaluge, serf
dom, or slavery.
HENDRYSBURG, July 14th, 1855.
Mr. Editor: The following Preamble &
Resolutions were adopted unanimously.it the
last session of the Belmont County Quarterly
Council of Ihe Sons and Daughters of Tem
perance held at Barnesville July th, 1855.
A. C. HOGUE,R. S.
Your Committee on Resolutions would re
spetfully report, Whereas, In the history of
the world through all past time, we find that
errcr aid evil when possessing a strong hold
in the affections of mankind are difficult to
j root out, that the time and good are of satw
' yet epeedy development, but that happily ex
perience proves that Truth must ever triumph
ond that right must ever win, Therefore.
Resolved, Hi, That we on this 4th, day of
' July 1855, in quarterly council assembled in
' the town of Barnesville, Ohio, reaffirm own
' earnest and full determination, to never flinch
I from the fight, in the moral battle we have
begun against the arch-fivnd alcohol, until
we shall have exiled him from our country,
1 and '.he glad tidings of the passage of a
I stringent prohibitory law similar tothe'Maine
1 Law,' shall simultaneously announce his de
' parture and death, and that we shall not atop
! short of the fiaal conquest, nor consider the
victory ours, until our glorious land of Co
1 lumbia, is free from Intemperance and its
train ot evils, and our hearth stones shall be
j familiar wilh its horrid scenes of misery and
crime ao more.
3d Resolved, That we pledge ourselves to
I vote fur no msn to represent us in tbe legis
lature whj is not publicly pledged (sin uld he
1 be elected) to labor to have such a law paas
' the legislature, and we cordially invite all
lovers of humanity peace and good order, lo
unite with us to accomplish this meat dot ir
2d Resolved, That a committee conaisting
of one member from each Division whose
business it shall be lo interogate the candid
ates who mlv be nominated whether hey
' will (if elected) endeavour to carry out the
sentiments of the above reaolutiona in get
ting a stringent Prohibitory liquor law pasa,
the legislsture of our own State of Ohio
Should there be no candidates in nomination
give satisfactory answers to the queation
put by said committee then ihe committee
I ore authorized and requested to call a county
Convention to nominate candidates who will
carry out our wishes.
I Resolved, That a ropy of the fo'egoing
. preamble be offered toll e Belmont Chronicle,
Gazette &. Citizen, and American Enterprise
1 and request their publication.
U in Hogue, T. Mitchner, I. Hockhamer,
J. M. Clement, J. French, A. U. Hogue,
The UUsoitCi R R i Pen Dubuque.