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THE PARTING OF SUMMER.
BY MRS. HEMANS.
ThoU'K bearing hence thy roses,
Glad Summer, (are thee well;
Thou'rt lingiltf thy lust melodies
In every wood nnd dell.
But ere the golden sunset
Of thy latest lingering day.
Oh, tell tne, o'er this chequered earth,
How hast thou passed uwayf
Brightly, sweet Summer! brightly
Thine hours have lloated by
To the joyous biids of the woodland boughs,
The ranged of the sky.
And brightly in the forests
To the wiid deer wandering free,
And brigl tly 'midst the garden flowers
To the happy murmuring bee.
But how to human bosoms,
With all their hopes and fears,
And thoughts that make them eagle wings,
To pierce the unborn years?
Sweet Summer! to the captive
Thou ha t flown in burning dreams
Of the woods, with alt their whispering leaves
And the blue rejoicing streams;
To the wasted and the weary
On the bed of sickness bound,
In swift delirious fantasies
That changed with every sound.
The sailor on the billows
In longings, wild and vain,
For the gushing lounta and breezy hills
And the homes of earth again!
And unto me glad Summer!
How hast thou flown to me)
My ehainlcss (out steps nought hath kept
9 From thy haunts of song and glee.
Thou hast flown in way ward vi-ions,
In memories of the dead,
In shadows from a troubled heart.
O'er thy sunny pathway shed;
In brief and sudden strivings
To (ling a" weight aside.
Midst these thy melodies have ceased
And all thy roses died.
hit, oh! thou gentle Summer!
II I greet thy flower once more,
Bring me again thy buoyancy
Wherewith my soulshouU soar!
Give mo to hail thy sunshine,
Willi song and spirit free;
Or in a purer air than this,
May that next meeting be!
Reported for the National Era.
The Slavery Question, in its Precise Relation
to American Politics.
A STATE CONVENTION AT INDIANAPOLIS.
BY HON. GEO. W. JULIAN.
Mr. President, and Fellow-Citizens:
I confess to some degree of embarrassment :
in approaching the disci-ssion of the Slavery,
question at this crisis in its history. It has
assumed an attitude so novel and particular in j
its relations to American Politics, and is so
compl icated with strange and alien elements,
that 1 ran scarcely hope to present my views
of present duty without given offence to some,
and perhaps arousing a certain antagonism
among those who have heretofore walked to-:
gelher as brethren. My task is a delicate one,
uno I regret, sincerely, the causes that liavt
made it so. I shall, however, in the exercise I
of free speech, and with that plainness which
am accustomed to employ, give utterance to
mv own deliberate convictions, holding no
man or party responsible for them, and only
asking, in their behalf, such considerations as
they may be entitled to receive at your
I desire to address myself, to-day, to Anti
Slavery men; and 1 begin by remarking that
the grand obstacle to the spretd ol free princi
ples is the lack of a just comprehension of our
movement. It not only grossly misconceived
by the great body of the people, but many. I
fear, who are set apart by common content as
its paculiar friends, either do not understand,
or perceive but dimly, its real magnitude.
The cause of Human Rights is not one to be
dragged down to the level of our current po
litics, and conlounded with the strife of par
lies and the schemes of place-hunters. It is
I not to be hawked about in the political mar
ket, and advocated with zeal which instantly
expires when the temporary occasion of it hao
disappeared. We dishonor the cause, and
bring our own integrity into qiuslion, when
we suffer it to be placed alongside of the com
paratively trifling and ephemeral questions ol
the day, and to be dealt with as such, instead
I of eleviting it to the dignity of a great mora
enterprise, to be6teadily prosecuted, wheth
er honor, advantagea, and immediate success
on the one hand, or obloquy, suffering, tni
'-'vt, on the. uUjyrj snail be tilt) M
suit of our fidelity. The question of Human J
Freedom is not a question of one nation, or
one race, hut of all nations, and all races.
Ours is pre-eminently a Christian movement. I
Its grand idea its central, life-giving principle,!
islheequul brotherhood of all men before
their common Father in Heavcn;'and its mis-1
fion is the practical vindication of this truth.
We are to make it the animating spirit ol tho j
religion, the morulity, and the politics, of this'
nation. We are to rescue '.he doctrine ofs
csmnion brotherhood from the limbo ofunmenn-1,
ing abstractions, and make it incarnate in the
popular heart. "One Uod.one Humanity, one I
love from All for All"-this is the platform of j.
the Abolitionist.und this is Hie platform of i
(he Christian. I
The work we are striving to accomplish, ! I
therefore, coincides with Christianity itself, j i
The obstacles which oppose the liberation of
three and a Ik l! millions of American slaves, I
are the obstacle w hich oppose every enter- 1 1
prise looking to the reign of "peace on earth, ! i
and good will to men." Contempt for human-'
ity is the foundation of slavery, and of evert i
species of oppression and wrong; respect for I
humanity is the foundation of Freedom, and'
the grand condition of the world's advance- i
msnti Abrogate the intide. law of Hute, (
which tegurds man as a child of the devil, and J :
enthrone in its stead the christian law of I
Love, which reveres him as the chill and 1 1
moral like af his Maker, and not only j i
will the chains of the clave ful asunder, but '
tho curses of land inonoply, the cruel c.t- I
actions ol capital over lubor, the cold-blooded I
rapacity of avarice, and every other lorm of i
"man's inhumanity to man," w ill be sent how-
ling from the face of the earth. I
Here, Mr. Chairman, on the great Rock of i
Christianity, and on no narrower or frailer if
foundation, shull wo erect the altar of Free- v
dom, and here should we offer up our sacrili- j t
ces- This is the only true stand-point Icr a
the Anti-Slavory party in the United States, J f
and we should resolutely and unitedly main-1 o
tuin it, in the face of all opposition, l'rinci- c
pies and policy alike require that we stand on I a
Christian ground, and on no account should r
we forego a position which alone can rendor s
our cause impregnable, an., which is so much 'I
needed to chenr us under the many discour- p
ogements to which it is perpetually subjuc- a
ted. We are branded us infidels. Let us ' t
say to tho world that we wage war against g
Slavery because we are Christians, and that v
to us rightfully belongs the prerogtive d
f sitting in judgement upon the popjlar re- n
ligion of the country, pronouncing upon it ac- ri
rortling to its IdelltY or its infidelity to the e
great doctrine of human brotherhood. We I
are upbraided with having but 'oneidca." Let p
us reply, that we borrowed it from the Now i;
Testament, in which WO find it appealing to I tl
us as the "one idea" of the Founder of curjb
religion and that idea is large enough to com-1 tl
prebend the moral universe. We arc char-jh
fed with an undue measure of zeal in the A
advocacy of our cause. Let us answer, that ! A
the system ol American Slavery is the hugest j ft
aud most frightful denial of the central truth p
of our religious faith, the most atrocious libel ; s
upon Justice and Humanity, that now con- s
fronts Heaven on any part i f our globe. v
We are reproached with our weakness, as a a
party, and sometimes our owu doubting i
hearts whisper to us that our struggles have a
proved but so manv failures. Let us remem-! t,
ber, that so holy an enterprise must necessa-' t
rily encounter every form of human sellish- J
ness, and be subject to those conditions by j
which every other good work has been retar- n
ded; that, in (he nature of things, it can only n
keep puce with the gradual but slow progress t
of Christian principles in the community; a
and while we thus learn a lesson of patience, n
let us ever bear in mind that Heaven itsef is J
pledged to the ultimate success ofour sincere s
That our movement is not understood, not i
uniformly referred to le grand principle , t
which underlies it, seems quite evident, from
the want of any deep and pervading couvic- I
lion of the wrongfulness of Slavery, among v
the people of the fret!. tales. Our abhorance t
of te institution is from the lips, und not j i
fro n the heart. We do not hate it with an t
earnest und robust hatred, that goes out in- f
to deeds, but with a sickly and superficial i
aversion, that yields no result, unless it be to I
debauch the conscience. We hate the negro l
with a practical vengeance. It is no counter-
feit, no mere disguise, but a blighting, sea-
thing, ever-present hatred, under which the i
colored race withers and is consumed in our l
midst. Ask the people of Indiana if they 1
hate Slave-y, and they will po nt you to their i
Constitution and laws forbidding colored
man frrm Comoing into the State, denying i
those who are in the right of suffrage, taxing
them to support the Government, whilst refu- i
sing them any share in the sch 10I funds, for- !
bidding them to testily in our courts, and even
questioning their right to travel on our rail
ways. Ask the people of Illinois the question,
und they will point to a still blacker code!
thar. that of their adjoining neighbor. Do the
people of -hio hate Slavery! The General
School Board ol the chief city of the State
recent. y sanctioned '.ho exclusion of a white
lad fro n ' no of its schools, because one
thirty-second part of the blood in his veins
was understood to be of African extraction!
Sir, the lamentable truth is, that the unchris
tian spirit of i aste in the dominant spirit in
the religious, political, and social institutions
of the non-s'aveholding States. Has uot
every slaveholding outrage that hag ever yet ,
aroused our people been summarily followed
by a quiet acquiescence! Aud would this be
sj, if there were any deep central fire of At li
Slavery hi. -ed burning in our hear-.s' D ies
it not prove much of our animosity aguinst
Slavery to be a frothy and evanescent senti
ment, nursed into life by our politicans, and
thrown on to the surface by a temporary
swell of popular feeling!
Norjcan I regsrd the late Anti-Nebraska
excitement ss proceeding from any more ra
dical and healthy conviction. It seems to be
, prudently following in the line of its preced
ents. The more sanguine among us, I um
i aware, have regarded the repeal of the Missouri
. Compromise as a Qod'ieii They bgrf argu
ed that Northern endurance, already taxed to
the utmost, would -sink under such a weight,
that the Slave Power would thus dig its own
giave and that wicked institutions must al
ways grow to their full stature,and distil all
their inherent enormity, before men will earn
estly engage in their overthrow. I confess I
cannot feel encouraged by this line of argu
ment. It has flavored our Auti-Shivcry dish
es on other occasions, when the Slave Inter
est has trampled down our rights. It has no
just application to the contest between the
Iree and the slave Stutcs; for, if it be true,
that our acquiescence in one scheme nf j
fressi..n ..i,oiucns the South to concoct an-,
other still mure flugraiit and alarming, it It
likewise true that it prepares the North ta'
submit to it. The enormity of Slavery is lost!
jpon us, when displayed by such a process.
Mot submission t . despotism, but resistance, is
he true method of deliverance from it. We!
iced have no fear that the deviHsh attributes ,
if Slavery Will not be exhibited, without uny
uilty help from us. The Nebraska and Kan
Itl act of 1854 is a natural Irult of the Com-)
iromisc measures of 1850, and is in no res-
acct more flagitious in principle. It is only
i sprout trom Daniel Webster's grave. The j
Anti-Slavery sentiment that submitted to the'
ormer, will acquiesce in the latter. Indeed,
:he very ground on which this new outrage,
las be 10 generally opposed, proves our repug- j
lanct'to Slavery to be shallow and ititinoert.
"he popular argument against it has been "its
Iretch of ancient and solemn compact, inadj j
or the security ol Freedom north of the par-; 1
illel 3(5 30 of north latitude " Sir, a thor-1
Highly baptized Anli-Slaveiy people would j
iave lost sight of any bargain with Slavery,
I its unhallowed conspiracy to blast an em- j 1
lire by its withering power. I oppose Sla-j'
ery upon principle. 1 hold it to be wrong, J1
n principle, for one man to be the owner ol 1
Bother' to deny him a fair day's wages for a M
air day's work, to rob him of the holiest tics '
f life, and sell him on the auction block us a
battel) to take trom him his Bible and close
gainst him the avenues of k lowledge, to an- '
titillate the institution of marriage, and '
pread licentiousness and crime over the land. (
'his I regasd as unutterably wicked, inde
endent of any compromise, by which Slavery '
r:d Freedom may have assumed to dispose ol I
heir puaetsioni according to certain geo- 1
raphical lines. Hence I hate Slavery '
herever I can find it. from the North Pole !
own to thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes 1
or t h latitude; and when I get there I go '
ght on luting it all around the globe, wher- 1
verl can trace Ha slimv footsteps. I confess '
have not yet mastered tho slippery philoso- '
I'.y by which some men loathe and execrate
ton the north side of a particular line, and '
ion transli mre it into ali blessedness and I
eatity by the magic of a mere parallel of la
tudc. This cheap and popular method of
ating Sivi'ry geographically may do for an '
.uti-Nebraska man, but it will not do for an '
,nti-Srttsry man. It may accord with the '
igiti temper and technical ethics of the mere J
olitician. or the doughface, but it will not
itisfy the deep, fervent, uncompromising
plrlt of the Abolitionist, Op)sition to Sla
ery, at an out rago upon man and a crime '
guinst God, as an evil essentially infernal
i its very nature this alone will avail us of '
ayhona fide i ncoui t t with our southern maj- '
L'rs; and this, I regret to say, has not been '
lie controlling element in the late popuar '
emonstrations in the Northern States.
To prove that the Anti-Ndb aska excite- 1
tent was the product of political rather than
oral causes, of transient influences, rather 1
hao. deeprooted convictions, I might refer to '
kindred fact. The stereotyped watchword '
I the people was, "the restoration of the J
lissouri Oompromi." c." It is true, that in
everal Slates the Anti-Slavery demand went
eyond this, but this was the effective rally-ng-cry
in marshalling tho different wings of
he movement under a common banner. It
vas a deceptive, andgtherclore a fulse. issue,
certainly do no repine at the victories that j
vere achieved upon it. I most cordially
velcome whatever blessings they may bring 1
n their train. I rejoice that the Administra
Ion has been rebuked, and rebuked with
tnphasis; und thut although r.o intelligent
nan coula have believed the restoration of J
he broken compromise a practicable thirg,
:here wis yet manifested an unmistakable
jurpose to brand with public reprobation the 1
perfidy that has destroyed it The malady
if th-j party in power demanded the physic
:hus administered. But t ie Issue, I insist,
iv a.' Unworthy of the crisis. It was un in
strument on which very different tunes could
bo played. It had a face looking both North
and South Tne pol;cy of restoring the
Compromise, in one of its aspects, was anti
slavery, since it would prevent the cause
from spreading over soil that was free; but
in others it was incurably pro-sluvery. To
restore this Compromise would be to pro
pitiate the spirit af compromise, which has
been the great curso of our cause. It would
be to reaffirm the binding obligation of a
compact that should never have been made,
and from which we should seek the first
favorable opportunity ol deliverance. It
would be to recognise the Slave Power as an
equal and honorable contracting party, waiv
ing its violated faith, and thus precluding us
from pleading its perfidy ir. discharge of all
compiomises from the beginning. It would
be to go back, by the shortest und cheapest
route, to thr compromise measures of 1800,
and the Baltimore platform ol 1852. instead
of forw ard to the platform of the Free De
mocrace. I would he to degrade our cause
to the level of those who stuuiously wash i
their hands ol all taint of Abolitionism, and
only wage war against the Administration I
because it broke up the blessed reign of
pearo which descended upon the country in!
the year I860. Sir, had we in the North
been aaiinaled by a spirit equal to the crisis,!
we would have said to our Southern friends, !
"We do not ask you lo restore the Missouri
Compromise The breach you have made is
one we do not desire to heal in that method,
but we are resolved to march through it to
the fullest assertion of our constitutional
rijhti. We Jj got msn lo play inly your
hands under a hypocriticaimask, or attempt
Iht folly of firing a double battery against
Freedom und Slavery at llii same lime, but
tve mean to avail ourselves if your treachery,
in building up the very cauieyuti have sought
to destroy. You have iranpled upon your
plighted faith to HI, that Ktnses and N?brus
ki shall be free, by ruthlesiy breaking down
tne wall which guarded then, and now, by
way ol redressing the wronj you have done
us, inditl some atonement fir it, we not only
demand that theseTerritoresshall be preserv
ed free by law, but that'"'' territory shull be
.. focBorvea, whethrr at present owned or
hereafter to be acquired by the Government;
that not another slave Slate shal ever be add
ed to this Union, cither from Utah. NtW Mexi
co, ihe Stale of Texas, or esewhere, that the
Fugitive Slave Act shall bn unc3ndi':ionuly
repealed; that Slavery in our National District
shall be abolished; and, inline, that the curse
sh iii be hurled back upon the States which it
scourges, to live if it can, or die If it must, by
itl own local enactments. You have made j
man i fast your purpose to nationalize Slavery in
this Republic; we now pioclaim our fixed
purpose to deiilioni.lize it. You have broken
a time-honored compact, when you can no
longer use it to your advantage; we now
make your breach the exolus ofour people
from the bondage of all ccmpromisus."
Thil, air, would have h;en our position,
hid we been in earnest. The Nebraska in
iquity was only a single Ink in a great chain
of moasures uiming at the absolute supremacy
f Slavery in this Government, und thvs in-
rlting a resistance commensurate with that'
policy; and to cut down ihe issue between
.Slavery aud Freedom 'o eo narrow, equivocal j
and half-hearted a measure, nt a time when'
very consideration pleai for radical and
thorough work, was practical infidelity to the I
Siuse and the crisis. It was sporting with
humanity, and giving to the winds a glorious
victory for the right, when it was alipost
Within our grasp. It was, in fact, stabbing
freedom in its vitals, and closing up an ait- ;
Sry in the Slave Power, madly opened by its
wn liuod, which threatened to bleed it to
Mr. Chairman, the view I have been en
orcing is Confirmed by the general course of
loliticul action against Slavery. I refer,
nore particularly, to the party styling itself
he Free Democracy. I certainly would not
.peak of this organ. zation in any terms of un
lue disaparagement. I have myself be.?n re
iognlsed as a member of it, ur.d have trusted
n it as an instrumentality likely to acconip
nh great irood lor the Anti-Slavery cause.
Its existence was a necessity, springing out
f the pro-slavery servility ol the old parlies,
ind it promised to destroy them, as an indis
lenilble preliminary to any effective help for
he slave. In this needed work ol destruc
ion il has been successful to a very consider
ible extent, and so far is entitled to general
frati tude. It has done excellent service in
Ibroing the Slavery question intu general dis
:ussion, and lending to our National Legis
ature some noble representatives of its prir.
:iples, who gave it un influence il could nut
ItherwUe have expected. The controlling
nirpose of the party at its formation was the
livorce of the Federal Government from
slavery, by keeping it actually and perpetu
illy on the side of Freedom; and its members
iledged themselves to light on, and light ever
ill a triumphant victory shuuid reward their
'Xeriioiis. Young, vigorous, and without
:laiiuing to be "healthy," it went forth for a
it iso n upon its mission, striking terror into
he Slave Power and its abettors, kindling
he lire of agitation, drawing to its standard
he better sort nl men in the old organiza
lons, and wanting only faith, patience, and
ii t lity, to insure it a glorious triumph, in
he fullness cf time appointed by Providence
or all great moral achievements.
But, sir, where now is the Free Democracy!
s it dead, or only sleeping! Has its mission
teen abruptly terminated, or has it yet a
uture! Perhaps it still lives, but it has, 1
(now, received some tcriible shock from
he combined assaults of Anti-Nobraskaism
ind Know N jlbingiim; and if a competent
lolitical doctor were called in, he would pro
jdblv find the patient in a state of great pros
tration, nccompanied by a painful difficulty of
kretthing. Sir, why is this! How comes it
o pass that men who had braved the pros
Sriptlon of the old parties and dared to Btand
for the right for six or seven years, should so
suddenly grow weary, and exhibit such eager
ness for new associations! Whence came
(he slruiige infatuation 1 1 . -. r has invested
fusiunism with such charms, despoiling many
of tne leaders of the Independent Democracy
of their courage and strength, and causing
its rank and file to skulk like cowards into
the dark camp of Know Nothingism. and
Identify their fortunes with -the mongrel and
invisible hordes that rally under its banner?
And why should the Free Democracy die I
with the Whig and Denocrrtic parties! It
was delightful, I admit, to 6ee the end of these
organizations upproaching, after they had so
long cumbered the ground unJ cursed the
cause of Freedom, and I can readily pardon
some acts of indiscretion, evcn some de
gree of Anti-Slavery eeliriuni, in the near
proipeot of an event to very prophetic of th"
"good time coming." But our singular mis
fortune was, that ins.tead of borrowing new
life from the death of these par'.iesJnstead of
absorbing their vitality us i' ebbed away, and
thus reinvigorating our organization by ap-i
propriating it to our own life, we determined
that our time to die had come also. Certain- j
Ij ! Why should not Free-Suilers "fellow in
the footsteps of their illustrious predeces
sors!" To 6ay that we would "fight on, and fight
ever," wus a mere philanthropical rlou'ish.
Was nut our organization got up purely lo
worry and bedevil the old ones to death, and
nut as a permanent movement, designed to
displace them! Why should we struggle a
gainst the immense odds that encounter us,
in the vain endeavor to bring the people up
to our h gh ground! Why not come down
froin our exclusiveneee, freely affiliate with
them, and adapt our action to their slower
movement! Why nat strike our colors dis
baud our intle army, go with the multitude,
-t : .. '
and commit the result to Providence and 'hp I
politicians! Sut'h appear-d to bi the logic I
of hundred' and thousands of Free DtmoC
rits; and the result is, the disruption and dis- '
person Of tht party, It a lime when both
principle and polity demand its continued!
exi-tence. I beg here not to be mi"inder
ItOod, I have never had any idolatrous at
tachment for this patty. I have regarded it'
only as a means; and if I have boen devoted
to it, it wus became of my devotion lo the
great end which I believed it fitted to accomp
lish. I have never been so silly as to look
upon the Free Democracy as "a great tree, i
on which all the birds of the air must come I
and sit," or "a great net, in which all the
fish of the sea must be caught." When Free
dom shall have her final triumph, il will pro- j
bably not be under any singie name, or in
honor of any exclusive leadershiB, but by
such a gradual diffusion of Anli-Slavery tru.h i
as shall at length pervade the minds and sway j
tli9 hearts of the people of these States.
The Bpread of our principles is the grand It
object; and this, I insist, can best be done by J
steadily and inflexibly prosecuting a high'
aim, and trusting in the power of an honest I
example to bring the people ultimately to our I
fitandaid. When we saw, as w e thought, the i
W big and Democratic parties passing away. (
and proudly felt that these great bulwarks of I
Slavery, mainly through our agency, were at i
least about to be overthrown, we sliuuld have , i
remembered that their disintegration is one It
thtng, and ihe organization of theirlfrsgmentl t
into a new parly, upon broad and well-defined ' t
issues, is quite a different thing We should ; -hive
remem'iered. in the language of Whit- i
tier, thut "the waster is the builder too;" and e
that, if the people were not ready to lay huld c
ef our fundamental doctrines, we could not c
fuse with them, but must uphold our standard t
as the only means of draft ing them to us, or , t
towards us. We should have maintained our a
ground, and beckoned the people to come up c
and possess it, instead of meanly deserting it I
ourselves for some narrow issue, and then
vainly expecting them to advance beyond it. c
Instead of dying as an independent crganiza- t
tion, We should only have agreed tocpase our s
separate work, on condition of being trantla-' s
ted into a larger movement, first committed r
to the essential artit lei of our faith. t
T iis, sir, hus been the fatal eiror of Free
Democrats, especially here in the West. s
The truth is, our parly has been tainted with r
an unhealthy element from the beginning. 1 v
Sumo rather suspicious characters olhV'inted i
at its birth and baptism at Buffalo, In - c
Wo then took into our embrace many who i
were as alien to mir principles as light is tu
darkness, or us Native Americanism is to t
Anti-Slavery. I fear we were swayed then, j
as we have sometimes been since, by a mcas-
ure of that expediency which we had (on- t
demned in the old parties. We were unimat- b
ed as much, perhaps, by a desire to have the :
multitude go with us, as Ly an overmastering , c
fidelity lo our cherUhea convictions. As ajt
party, there is some reason to apprehena that ' t
we have never been sound!y converted. We ' p
ure too much inclined to worship success and h
we dtoidely prefer, that it should be iinmedi- i
ate. We ure not plenarily inspired with a
that earnest, all-trusting faith, that becomes a
the genuine disciples of the truth, and that I
even gathers strength as the opposition to it, C
increases. Our zeal too often biazes f jrth b) t
spasmodic (its, without any steadfast fervunr
heat w ithin to sustain it. We cosily grow f
disheartened at our numerical weakness and
the foices arrayed against us, forgetting that
the real power of n party, justly considered
lies not ill the numbers il can muster, but in
the truth it teachei, and the loyalty with
which it maintains it. In overlooking thil
fact, we are led into perpetual temptations,
nnd blinded to the fuiih of duty. We are "
induced to overrate the value of present sue-, 0
cess, and thus to achieve it, if we can, by 11
the unscrupulous acts of the politician. The ' v
martyr spirit dies out in our ranks; and as i
we descend, step by step, to the level of oth
er parties, and apparently enlist them on our
side, we lose our distinctive character III
Anti-Slavery men, aud with it our power to, "
s.nve the cause, und thus find our weakness '
in that winch we foolishly mistook for ouri
strength. By narrowing the issue we had
made with Slavery, and incorporating the '
new principle of hostility to Catholics nnd j f
foreigners, our movement, in tho opinion oft
some, has grown immensely in numerical '
power; by incorporating the kindred and;
equally orthodox principle of hatred towards -nigiuto,
ctill larger numbers might be enlist- t '
ed. But, in the mean time, what would be I
the fate ol the Anti-Slavery enterprise! '
Sir, with putties, as with individuals, it is I
character that constitutes rial strength; and 1
this must often be obtuined by the sacrifice 1
of popularity and present success. Who has '
not witnessed the power of one bold, honest 1
man, in making an unpopular cause respect- '
ed, and putting a thousand enemies to flight!
Character is everything. It is priceless;''
and if a mun so regards it, if he is willing to
sacrifice all Icmporal honors and advantages,'
even life itself, on the altar of his fidelity, he ; 1
gives lo the world a testimony that is worth1 I
more to the cause he espouses than any tern- '
poiary success coulu possibly be, achieved by j '
a compromise of Ins integrity. He shows
lorth an example that will bcun ever-living, 1
fountain of inspiration and strength. The'
real benefactors of our race have not been I
w irdly-nnnued calculators, who prudently.1
adapted themselves to current opinions or,
practices, but bold and independent spirits,
who braved every lorm of peril and suffering I
in upholding a lolty idoal of duty. The world
bears witness thut they have bucceoded, in
the highest sense of the term, and that the',
Ai'rfol influence men exert in favor of a I
cause is fur more important than the quinlity
of it. Had the Free Democracy been in
flexibly true lo its best ideas, had it mainta
ined a position of immovable firmness, like a
rock in the sea bidding defiance to winds aud
waves, what a glorious tribute it would thus
have offered to the cause of Freedom! I
cannot pretend lo 6ay what its numbers would
now have been, but I know that such an ex-
amplt niuil have bttn contagious, and thuil
our power, is nn independent m vemerit,
would have been immensely augmented. In
stead of a shattered organ lation, nking
into a common grave with tht Whig and
Democratic parties, and dishonored by tht
meretricious embrace, of Nttift American
ism, Wl should n w have found il gtrminat
ing into new life upon their ruins, knit to.
get! er as a unit by the intensity of a com
mon zeal for Freedom, commanding its own
lortunes instead of committing them to the
keeping of its foes, and thus holding in its
awn hands the destiny of our cause. At a.'i
sven's, aud more than all else, it would have
tood before the country in tho uprightness
of I genuine manhood, and with the resolte
of a martyr to be true. Here. sir. bll been
our weakness, and herein il s'-en hoiv poorly
we comprehend the dignity of DOT cans", and
how feebly we espouse it. We rfesire la
ItU upon it, whilst pretending to give it vir
support. We -In not ally nurs-lves to it wit.h
I per.'ectly unselfish devotion, resolved to 1
Uari'l by it, cost what it may, but oor aim too
alter, is to make it accommodate orne priv
ite ind, or to advance it Ly methods that
thtll not imperiously affect our wo'ldlv in
terests. Think Of 'he early ConftllOf of
Freedom, induriog IVtry ou'.rage thut popular
ixaeperatioo could invent mooted, pei'-.-d,
lunied down as an outlaw or a wild beast,
ind u;:en facing death itseif, and yet siiow
ng forth his fjith in God and in the Truth
hrough these fiery triais, and thus sowing the
eeds of Freedom in sufferings and sacrifices
hat were absolutely DMessiry to its growth
think of such heroism as this, and contrast
t with the course of the modern Anti-Slav-ry
politician, distrusting the power of his,
All principles, intent upon disarming .hem I
f their Unpopularity, perpetual';.- deferring
o the ruling influences of society, instead ol
ravely withstanding them, ai d even blindly
bjuring his creei, ar.d enlisting in the ranks
f Know Nothingism, in the hop-; of thereby
tastening the millennium of Freedom!
But I must leuve these reflections for sn
iher topic. I have alluded, Incidentally, to
he new element in our politic! popularly
'vied Know Nothingism, i now propose to
peak uf it in direct terms; and I shall do so,
lore especially, on account of the UOfortU
ate deflection of the Anti-Slavery sentit ?nt :
f the country which it has occasioned, and
hall thus follow out the line of di cl- ion al-
eady began, by demonstrutiatjaAily the
osion ef our mot
red of the institution
' -s -v-r;, at;,,:.- ,-j people i of the. free
5'ales. W ' ''ijfiri
1 ; . t- Kv.-.v N bingisni; in general
by the light Ot priuci
' - ' .;..! '.!. It is radical',
icious inspirit. It tramples dovvialneii'-;
rine of human brotherhood. It judges men j
y the accidents of their condition, iustea i ol j
itriving to find a comm in lot for all, with a
ommon access to the blessing 'of life, It!
lakes its appeal, not to the reason, but tn
he tinenl ghtened prej-jJiccs and misdirected
assions oi the people. It exJtes our ao
orrence by veiling itself in darkness, in a
ind in which the people are their misters,
nd discussion is free. It is not cailed for by
nv real neeJ of the times. It is at war with
ustleei Humanity, Republicanism, and the
luspel of Jesus Christ. It is, when dragged
j the light, a bald and ghastly heresy.
inting even the thin covering of a decent'
lllacy to hide its naked features.
[CONCLUDED NEXT WEEK.]
The New Nomination.
Messrs. Nort in asd McBeth Gentle
en. The "Continental"' came to us that
aiming with the name of Allen Trimble is
s masthead, as a candidate for Governor,
f Ohio. To this name, I. E9 an American,
uist enter my protest. Little did 1 think
hen I subscribed and paid my two dollars Vr
ropy of the Continental, that Iliad contri
uted that amount for the purpose-of dividing
sunder the great American party of Ohio.
ut it il Bow gone. Sj much for placing ton
uence in (I had Hltrost said) political trick-1
ters. But le; me ask, what have you gained j
v the nomination of Trimble over Chase! :
lothing. Chase does not belong to the Ame-1
ican party, neither does Trimble, and what
ditical hack would not acquiesce (or say he
,'ould) and accept the nomination if he
bought, or was made to believe, as no doubt i
I'l-imble was, he could be elected ! Why did!
OU not, if you hud to hae a candidate, pot
n nomination a younger and more energetic
nan' The reason is obvious; lor there was
in such man to be found in all the American
larly so blind as not to see there was no pos- 1
able chance of his election. But to accom-,
nodate those who are so hunkerish as not lo
e willing to vote for Chase becasehe is op-1
ipposed to slavery and in favor of freedom,
i candidate must bi nominated tor their 6tip
ort. To do this, there must bo a man f 'und
irhott aspirations for public life are al! past
ind gone, and sucli a man is found in Allen
Trimble; for by the immutable laws of na
ure, as his grey hairs indicate, ere long, and
icrhaps soon too, he will leave those Iriends
vhom lie has gratified so much by accepting
.he nomination, to his letter oftOttPttOM,
Slill as one good turn deserves another',
ind as you have received one, I will perforin
he other by saying lo you to discontinue my
laper al once; a net gain to you; for it does
lot meet my ipprotltiou nor does it meet tile
upprobutionjol the American parly of Butler
sounty, and I might say of the Slate; theie is
not me Trimble man in this comcil, nor do I
know of one as far as my acquaintance ex
tends. We ate in for Chasrt e g'.t fiini b) com
promise, and we w ill seek to him to the last
for there is no consistency nor honor in
denouncing the repeal of the Missouri Com
promise, and then turn our hs on the ciun
promiseswe made ourselves on the 13lji July
R. M. WIEDER.
SEVEN MILE, Butler County, Ohio.
07"Hon. Edward Bates is to deliver an ap
rlculturtl tddrtM at Iht Missouri 'ale Fail
The Latest Trick.
" We copy the follow ing article from the
Findlay (Hancock Co.) Home Cwipanion.
L t it be read:
"O GoTtMotl Governor Medill look or
easion to proclaim himttir I member of th
Melhodiat Church, al the close of his speech
in Find lay on last Saturday , Tins wag tar
la nly "the richest joke of tht season."
Coven or Medill a momber of the Methodist
Church, and rrot viti.stunding there was le- .
ligiottl MTV let not only in the Mvthodist
Church, but every other church in Findlay on
Sabbath, he never entered the doors of one of
them, but after renaming until about fi
o'cli.ck, took up In lint of m irch for his next
appointment! Wt auggeet to OUT M'-lhodist
frilndl that they ii, quire iuto the spiritual
Condition uf brother M ;dill,!or Wt .'ear hi ho
sadly fallen from grace.
Tht Qevtrnof Will by and by. isue his
proclamation for a day of ittankgivlng and
P' L.r.i: to tht Almighty G .d, fof the lavors be
sto.ted upon ill as i State, and when that
memorable inniveriiry BMtt occurs, it will
be well for the hurcues. to offer up a united
pe'.i'ion lo the Father of M rcies thai the sins
of the Governor, for dtstcrtting a dy, the
faithful OMtrvantl of which so especially
di-tinguisiies the Christian from the opposer
of Christianity, be not visited upon tht people
of this grut S'ute.
The announcement that the Governor was
a Methodist, took Ins old acquaintances here
ill absrk, ts much as did the conversion of
Pa.il the brttlitln at lemtalam, for they had
never heard of his being even inside the
Equestrianism at the State Fair.
The Ohio State Hurl of J grleul :ure
have cheerfully accorded tht use of the great
driving "ring upon the Fai; Grounds for
equestrian ijcercitei during a portion of tho
lime of the Ohio State Fair, to ho held in
Columbui on the 1-sih to Silt September
uet. TbeJStatl 15 "i:d do not assume any
official responsijility in tblsmitter, but ha.vo
left the arrangements In charge of the under
eigneJ, who his taken counsel with bisequtt
train friends in different parts of the State,
an 1 il gratified to lind a g- neral dispositon
ta cooperate heartily Id carrying nut such
a pi r,.;':aaace in a gtnteel an 1 orderly man
ner. It is not de.-i'-nei! to ffet pr'z1" for eom-p-.-tlti
in in this department, or tt have a
jjjjrJ of J. rig's ii !C di upon the relut ve mer
its of the rid -rs; but every Ltdy who favor. ' - S3
Is with her psttflM,-Vr! -"
'i!l receive a CopFtii'wM TJBajtt :- wiijt
Manuel" in illustrated buk on ri orient lay '
ship, anl such otli'r testimonial as private
libera i y will en .ble us ta brt wj while the
general and special m 'rits of the e I'lestri n ;
willbepasseduponor.lv by the fifiy thou
sand delighted rpec'.dtors who will (vilnej3
We invite all ourLa ly Equtltrlan to come
tpwPh spiii: to ihisi exercise, either with rt
without escort. All who 'can, should bring
their favorite hor.-cs; o'hers should bring their
riding equipage, including side-saddie if pos
t ble, and trust their gentleman friends t a pro
cure horses unon the ground or in the city.
No feejof entry is lo be p lid. It is proposed
to have rldinj at 1 o'clock on Thursday, the
20th, and at 11 o'clock on Friday, tht 21st,
on which latter occasions on amateur Bqutt
tin Pr mi will be performed, ii volunteer
character can be obtained.
T e Pony Brigait, consisting of b'ysun-de;-
15 years of age, upon ponies not over 14
hinds high, is to muster on Friday, Our
young friends from abroad are invited to join
th? Co'umbu, P ny Brigade on that occasion.
The uniform Will be dark cap, blue or black
round-about, and white pants. Let the po
nies all tu-n out.
Ladies disposed to j in in the en'pirtting
exercises of equestrianism at the Btata Fair, ,
are r quested to inform me of their int 't tlons
previously, or t the Editor's stand en tho
Fair G rounds as earlv as convenient.
S. D. HARRIS.
Ohio Cultivator Office, Columbus, Aug. 1855.
Ohio as an Iron Manufacturing State.
Tne following figures ore taken' from
Ilur.t's Matmzint, and we believe them to be
sufficiently correct lor all practical purpose.
The statistics ware gathered in 3853:
Tons of iron ore Used, 140,u"10
Tons of pig iron made, 52,(158
Bushels of coal consumed, 1)05,000
Bushels of coke und charcoal, 5'4JS,O0l)
Operatives employed, 2,415
Capital invested ' !,fi(JU,0Uo
Value of products, 'J.UOO.OUU
Pig metal, iron and ore used 41,000
Castings made. 3S.00O
Coal consumed, 840 000
Coke and charcoal, 355,120 (
Operatives employed, 2,758
Capital employed, 2.000,000
Value.. I products, 3,200,t00
Pig metal used, 3,075
Coal consumed, t;oo,ooO
Coke and cnarcoa!, 4:fli,90o
Operatives eniploytd, tW
Wrought iron produced, 14,416
Cspiial invested, 700,000
Value of products, 1600 ,000
In the production or pig iroo I 'h.o is stea
dy the seccud State in ihejl'nion. in thu
! monufactnre of casting, the third Slate, while
in iheVnanufaclure of wrought iron, she is
the sixth State. Bujj'alo DaMCrMf.
I The MiyivlllO (Kentucky) E'y'e says of
'It was all right when he was the pet of
the Democratic party! They : mid eleel an
, abolitionist wits impunity, and no Democrat
111 the South thought of denoun iing.the Dem
' or. .lie parly of Ohio as abolitionists! iiut
' hyw the .calej arc changed. "j