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""'''v Cleveland Leader
A FEW hi II ide olr r. .
J t q.i,..y ror m. i- - oi too Democratic
II ARVESTUMEh pleasure te be able tp do
5 tV's""' Democrl,ic Pr'y- W hive
' '.tmei been charged wilh uefsirnrss by
prominent Democratic orators, both in ftuye
hoga enuntj and other parts of Ohio. We
'nave even been charged wilh miaatating the
position of the "great national Democratic
partv," and with endeavoring to create wrong
impreeslens in the minds of oui renders. In
erdtr to remove any cauae lor such charges,
we propoae to all w our opponent to atatt
their own cats. Flrat.let uaaea how the ex
ponanta of Damocrsry r alional Democracy,
antl-proacriptivt Democracy-regard the liber- j
ty )f the press.
From the Platte (Missouri) Argus.
Wa conaider Jaaae John, aucceaaor to C F.
Holly, in lha publication of the Savanna Sen
tinel, 0) aroall game on wiich to expend a n
tnttnilion. The beat poiicy, in our opin;on, ia
to treat thia humble votnry of free aoil, either
With ailent contempt or to ride him on a rail
with a little tar and feathers. The Sentinel of
fice) haa cammi ted aio enough long aince to
have required ita aobmeraion in the Missouri
fiver, to waah them out; and, aa to Jesse John,
remove him from the bordera ol Missouri aaa
nuiaance to travel ia the footsteps of eucli il
lustrious predecessor aa Park, Pslterson, Star,
ad the fugitive from hia master's aervice,
Fred. Duuglaa, Eiq. If Andrew county wiahea
to be reapected as "aound on the gooaa,,' by
her sister count 1(1 of Misaouri, let her mob
six even traitora ir. her burden aa Jeaae
No, let ua see what the es,me party thinka
of the prospects of Ireedom in Kunxas.
From the Kanzas Squatter Sovereign, Oct. 2.
nihil a montu since there haa been a
large accession to the Slavo population of
Kansas. In thia ininiediute neighborhood
aeveral new comera hnve settled, and in nioat
instance.- brought aeveral slaves with them.
Thia ia what we like to aee They cannot be
brought into the Territories III too large num
bere, for our rich hemp lands will give si.ffi
cient employment to the elave, and amply re
munerate the owner.
From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
It ia impossible, in the natura of things, for
slavery to flourish in Kanzas. B vary thing is
From the Richmond Enquirer.
It is utterly impossible fur the Abolitionists
to attempt y make Kansas a freo Stile
Nature designed it fur alavary, and tba South
will never 4ive tt up without a struggle which
may wreck the Union.
. Lit ua next see how much thia same party
is deviated to U4 perpetuity of the Union. It
profcaaes ao tnuc'i abhorrence of those who
place liberty firat in the catalogue of Ameri
can privilegea, that wo naturally expect to
find the moat exalted patriotism united with
lite moat aincero attachment.
From the Charleston Mercury.
uionoua ana grsna r.see up tne Idea ot a
Souther a Cortefract, Iree from the inter
meddling ol Abolition fanaticea free from the
exactiona of a hostile and foreign government
whose ill-gotten gold is poured but to enrich
our enemies, and make traitors in the South;
free from the connection with a people, whoae
society and civilization are antagonisiic to our
awn and Tree Irom that eternal dissension and
bickerings which have disgraced the history of
From the Squatter Sovereign.
W bvo1 to aW of the Congress whlr.Vi Is
est lo be elected, admission into the Union
aa a Slave State. When we do, and al all be
re: used, aa ia threatened, then we tire fur set
ting st defiance the Northern Government,
and hope and believe the whole South will be
Here it would be well to pause and aacer
tain the position of the Adminiatration, aa de
fined by ita own official organ. The term
".Abolitionists," it must be born in mind, ia
hate applied only to thoae who uppuse Cie fur
ther extension of slavery.
From the Washington Union.
The Administration haa lost no opportuni
ty to manifest its opposition lo Abolitionism
tn all its stupes, and to defy its aaaaulta in
whatever msaiier made. To be Detnocrstic,
it Is neceseary to be free from every taint ot
this hereay. Tliia ground hsa I eon taken,
and .the Administration has no sympathy wilh
Abolitionists and desires none.
Now lor a specimen ol Democratic lovs u'
law tnd order:
from the Squatter Sovereign.
We con te'l the impertinent scoundrels that
they may exhaual an ocean of ink, their Eini-!
great Aid Voolotiot spend 'heir millions and
bilious, weir representatives ' Cungreea
spout their hare'i. nl theories till doomsday
yel we will continue to tur und feather,'
drown, lynch ai d hand, every w hite-livered i
Aliolitiooiat whdarea to point.' our aoil.
Here it may be well lo see in what light1
tne oparaliona ol the Nebraska liiil are view
I by the Demoeraey of the Sunlit.
From the Richmond Enquirer.
Let us review our position. We believe
that pos'iion to he mor fuvorable to the
Soulb now than at any period within the last
thirty years. We have just pasted through a
alruggle which, though bud and hotly con
test, d, MAS RESULTED IN VICTORY
TO THE Mil III The passage 0 lliei
Nsbrsabu Bill we look upon na markiiig the
beginning of a new era, in ixir polileal rela
tione te Ihe Federal Uovernmetit; and in Ihe
eucceee ol that measure we think we aee '
greater probability ol securing our true rights
than al any lime since tho vampering of the
It bt aoinetnnes denied that the Democracy
of the Boulh dictate to their Nurthern brethren.
It cannot be atenied that they compliment
them lor their servility.
From the Richmond Enquirer.
Tf the significant fart that lha TWO
WHIGS OF THE NEW-YORK DEMOC
RACY HAVE BOTH DECLARED IN
FAVOR OK NOT DISTUR BING THE
NEBRASKA BILL meaua anything, it
meaus that they have determined to stand by
it, to nay the agitation that is now agitating
the country. Can wa say anything inure than
We ehall ana! by given a eingle specimen
ef genuine ire-Slavery Locofocoiam.
From the Squatter Sovereign.
We freely eolfess the hope ihst tl e Con
gress which assembles in December next,
will be tba las'.. Wa go for dissolution,
apeady and final.
Perbape wa shall bare be told that wa have
quoted as good Democratic authority, papers
which a portion of tba Democratic press de- .
nuunoe. Wa caonatbe accountable fur tbeir
family quarrels. They are all suportere of .
the edminaitretlon, sad the party w which
they belong ia responsible for tbeir course. ,
Tba SquaUtr Bevtreign is just st good s Dem
ocratic psjier ss ihe Plain thaler. Both
published the laws of the Uniied Statea "by
sMthorit?," and one of the editora of each it s
postmaster. Te orthodoxy of both of these
pspers has olten been qusstioned; but as no
other party will own them, it is fair to prs
sume that they are Democratic.
The Kanzas Bill a Test of Democracy.
It will be remembered that whilst the Kan
zaa biil was pending, Gen. Armstrang, pub
lisher Ol the Union, and printer to Congreas.
died. It became neceaaary to elect a auccea
aor, and Gen. Nicholson became the adminis
tration candidate. A email number ol mem
bers met in eaucus and plaeedhim in nomina
tion. Other of the Democraticjmembers re
fused to participate in the meeting, and with
out their concurrence the election of the ad
ministration candidate waa deemed exceeding
ly uncertain. What was dohe! The refrac
tory members were convoked, and a distin
guishedtgenlleman ef thia State wna authoriz
ed to assure them, in the moat aolenin man
ner, both in behalf of the President and Gen.
j Nicholson, that in no eveni should the Ne
i braska-Kanzas bill be made a party test, nor
should support of or opposition to the bill in
an) wise fleet the standing ol the person
with the adminiatration or the democratic
Tiie pledge waa accepted. The election
waa made and the editors of th! Union from
that day to thia hive been in the uninterrupt
ed possession gf. ihe thousands lavished by
Congreas upon the printer; and now that the
consideration has been paid, the pledger are
falsified, and we, and those who think will) us
are .. .lie told thsl we most consent to awsl
low tbt KanzDS bill with all its practical i
abominationa. on pain of exclusion from the
"democratic brotherhood " Could chicanery
and falsehood go further! Are the facts wo
have elated denied! We'atand ready to prove
them by living wilnessea unit participants in
tho Scans we have described men who hear
Slid weighed the pledges, and whose no in
oriea nre us tenacious of truth as the assur
ances of others are redolent of trickery.
Albany Allat of Oct 23d.
ARRIVAL STAR OF THE
New York, Nov. 5. The U. 8. Muil
Steuiner Star of the West from Sun Juan,
reached her wharl on Suturday evening. She
bring" 300 pa.-aengers, $21, iifiS in gold und
datea from San Francieco to the 5th ult., be
fore received by Ihe Geo. Law.
The Star of tho Weal connected witli the
steamer Uncle Sim, Her passengers were
detsined nino days in consequence o! the
existing political troubles.
Don Fintu Major), !ate Secretary ofStsts,
has been detected in hia correspondence wilh
the enemy outside of the city, waa sh t at
Grenudu on the 22nd.
Col. Walker having been rcinlorced by
a small party of Oslifomltni on the 13th nil.,
embarkod at Virgin Bay on board the a tea mar
Virgin and belore daylight the next morn
ing landed within four miles o( Grenada. Af
ter a rapid advance ihe little army reached
the city and marched to the pluza without en
countering any aerioua resistance, when a
sharp conical ensued, which re-tilted in the .
loss lo the ei emy of 15 killed and aeveral
wounded, and General Walker look poaaes
aion of the caitol ol Nicauraugua. Subse
quently the fot waa ceptuMd by a detach'
Riant of Americana.
On t ie 19th Col. Fry and Parker II. French
with 60 men, embarked on board the Virgin,
whi. h alio carried the passengers and speeio
from California, with tho intention of captur- j
ing Sun Carlos) the occupsnta ot the fort j
however fired upon Ihe ateamer with cannon,
and the expedition waa abandoned. Col. Fry
being unwilling to ritk the lives ot the pua
senger. Oroer having been restored, the citizens of 1
Grenada held public meeting and tendered
Gen Wnlker Ihe Presidency ot Ihe Repub
lic, which honor he declined, in favor'ol Gen,
Col- Wheeler, our Miniater to Central
America, alter much solicitation, proceeded
to it . ... wilh piopoaitiona of peuce. On ur-!
riving at Rivus and learning that Gen, Car- I
rail wkh absent, Col W attempted to return,
but was prevented by the government snd
detained two duvs, nor vaa he releared until
ihe to n waa threatened with an attaek -This
breach ol luith on the pnrt of Corrul'a
hirers, led to a spicy correspundem-e betwoen i
..ur Minister and the General. On the 23d i
Corral surrendered, when a Irouty of peace,
waa lorn, ..I sndl'.us Walker's victory became
During the progress of these events others
of Importance were transpiring. On 'he 23d
ibe aleumer conveying the oulw iird-bouud
paasungers by the Star of tho West, waa,
Bred upon from the for:, A thirty-two
pounder struck the boat, killed a lady und
child, nnd seriously injuring tho machinery.
Previous to this an attack waa made upon the
reluming Government forces, when four per- j
sons were killed, and eighl olhera wounded.!
The following pei son wore killed: John
Boyd, ol Wayne county, Indian i Win. Do-I
hois, Susquehanna county, Ohio; H. S Bonn-
pari of ! we; Win Howard. Ltiington, Mo;
Renf) IS Davis, Union. Tho bodies were
plundered ofseversl ihoiuand dollara. Among
the wouuded were Mu'hrol Foncanon, Tiffin,
i), B irnelis Cross, Bo iiisville, Mo.; und J
Keuniek, Cincinnati. Te emy five passen
gers tied into Ihe woods when the attack was
made, and bad not been heard from when the
Gov. Chase oa Sknato DouoLia srotiii
Onto Election At a complimentary aup
per given t the Hon. L D. Campbell, by a
few of hia frienda in thia city, on Saturday
nighl, the Gove nor af Ohio elect, made a
brief speech, in which occured a hit so happy
ud pungent that we must give it publicity.
Mr. Chase raid that on the evening when i aa
seined spparent that he waa defeated. Mr,
Douglae, of Illinois, though forbidden by the
Democratic Executive Committee in aolemn
council asssmbled, to spsak in this State be
lore tha ejjojleua- was called upon to addrnse
the rsftPnBrfoocracy at he Enquirer
Aoe. There Mr. Douglas auid that he proudly
ooagratuialeaMaW State ef Ohm in the len
guaga of the great Irish orator, Cm-ran, she
had been "redeemed, regei eratsd slid disen
ihrslled" "And next day," asid Mr. Chase,
'the returns in.ui the country enabled us to
add with singular propriety, the worda of
Corran that Mr. Douglas could not oae the
cuacludiug wurda of Ike very tentence trom
which Douglas hsd quoted vis: 'by the ir
xsitTaaLt Gsaiua or uatvuaSLSX jussvaoirA- 1
nos." The aantefljs eetmra in Cerrau'a 1
ipeecb in tb ease of HsaatUoa Rowan. '
Cin- Commercial. '
B. R. COWEN, - T ... . EdItok
' !'" i not hostility to everY form of tyr
Mouv over the mi ml of Man.'
Thursday Morning, Nov. 8, 1855.
THE NEXT CONGRESS.
Tl e organization of the next Congresa
may, in all probability, turn upon the ques
tion of tha admission of Reeder or Whitfield
a dergtee to a aeat in that body. Not
only this, but we think the question of free
dom or slsvery in Kanaaa will be moat ma
terially affected by that iaaue Should Whit
field be allowed a aeat in tha. body, it will
be regarded as s moit igfial triumph of Slav
ery, not only on the soil of Kansas, but in
the Americon Congress, before the world,
and freedom will be crushed in Kansas. But
on the contrary, should Guv. Reeder be re
ceived aa the legitimately elected delegate,
Kanaos may from tbat moment be enrolled
aa a free State. The South feels thia, and
the auperhuman efforta ahe will make to ob
tain the next Speaker will prove that ahe
looks upon that ss her only talvntion.
The office of Speaker of the House of Re
presentatives !n Congress is one of iintnejise
influence & power. The Speaker hi a ihe entire
control in the appointment of all standing
committees, which is generally manoeuvred
to accrue to the advancement of tne interests
of the party in power. For instance, in the
appointment of all Important committees he
puts en a majority, aay six of hia friends, snd
three of his opponents. By doing this in the
committees on Ways aV Means, Territories,
Elections, Judiciary, Naval, Military, Indian,
Foreign Affuire, Public Landa, Poal Office,
die , die, the Speaker controls to a great ex
tent the entire bu siness of the session. It
is only through standing Committees that
business csn be regularly brougkt before the
House, and anything distaatefui to the Speak
er or his friends will find Its tomb among the
tabled documents of tha committee room.
With r knuwledge of all these thinga before
us wc may louk for a long and a fierce batcle
' at the commencement of the next session,
'in the election of a Speaker. In ihisconteat
the North haa a very decided "advantage in
numbers, but ahe should remember that bhe
haa a wily fue to deal with, and if defeated
it will be by stratagem. The South may at
tempt to bring forwrrd aome other iaaue, and
thua distrucl the Northern force by arouaing
their old preiudiceH, nnd exciting them to re
new ancient feuds, but they must not waver.
The intereats of the North demand that the
Anti-Nebraska force must bo unite I, ant'
stand firm In the fight, or they are defeated
Vy a minority. Lei them unito on a jood
nan for speaker, one in whom there can he
no Ink of backbone, and the day is ours.
OjrWe have been loldthai we did injustice
to an editor relerred to last week us having
duseriad the Anrioan ranks only a v. rk be
fore tho eloc'.iun, and gono over to the old
hunker, anti-American puny. We referred,
oor readers are ho doubt aware; to the form- j
creditor of the Republican. Our informa
tion was derived fruin a gentleman who hail;
heard the editor say thct ho was going td n
certain ptaof to take charge of an old line
Dcmocrulic paper. On being rallied as to I
liis inconsistency he excused himaell by say
ing that it would my better than the Repub
lican, II would utTonl ua pleasure to know j
that the above was untrue, lor eu h despicably
meanness weakens our confidence in human
ANOTHER R. MASSACRE.
The heart grows sick while recording
such fsrlul murders as the following.
They are becoming awfully frequent, and I
somebody ia most certainly to blame.
St. Louis, Nov. 2 The excursion train I
Consisting of 11 cara which left here yea-j
terduy morning for Jefferson City, nn the :
occasion of the opening ol the Pucitic R.
R , lo that point, met with one ol thei
moat hurrihlo uccidents on record. While
Crossing Gasconade river, about one huit-l
dred miles from this city, the 'bridge gave 1
wuy precipitating the engine and ten curs
a distance of 2,'t to 30 feel. Upwards of I
seven hundred persona wero on the train,:
among whom were many of our first and
Most influential citizens. Aa far aa secer
tuiacd, we have no lull accounts from the '
scene, 20 were killed outright, snd be
tween 40 to 5U badly wounded. Amor.g
the killed is Thomas O'Sullivan, engineer!
of the road, who was on the locomotive
at the time, and several of our most promt- j
newt citizens. Fortunately thero wero no'
water where the bridge broke, else the
number drowned would have been immence.
A train is expected to arrive irom ihe
bridge thia evening when we hope to leara
;lio full extent of the accident.
The following is a list of the most
prominent persons killed.
Rev. Dr. Bullanl, II. B. Daylon, E. C.
Blockhorn, Henry t'hauteau, Mann Butler,
Adolphua Abels, Capt. C. Caae, E. C.
Yoate, Geo. Ibierte, Capt. O'Flanheity,
Time G'Sullivnn, Thomas Gray
Badly wounded. G K Budd' Hudson E
Bridge, John C Richardson, Capt. Cousins,
lohn M Wilnir, D H Armstrong, and L
M Kennelt, slightly injured.
"Drowned. DKowsEn!" Mrs. Nrncy
lane McCormirk, of Belmont county, O.,
a widow aged about twenty yeara, was
frowned Irom lbs ateamer Pruirie City,"
an Weduesdsy evening lust about 0 o'clock
She, in company wilh her father and I
little aon, was on her way to Putnam
aounty, Iltinoia. She cane to her death I
y accidentally ateppmg overboard from I
ihe guards. ,
Her body, up to a late hour last ev in, u i
'ml net been recovered. No traces 1 w i
tieon had ol her since she diaapp lefed, I
We atule lor the benefit ef ibo.e
nay find the body, that aba nas d eased
I figured gingham dreae, yellow sack, a li
vore, esr-drops and four or five finger-
ings. Missouri Democrat.
Important Letter—Senator Atchison
avows his Interference in Kansas,
and the object [...] it—Comments
of the South.
Senator Atchnon, atongomers, was in-
vited to attend a receit celebration of the J
battle of King'a Mounain in North Carolins '
To this invitation lie responded by writing (
them the following remarkable letter:
"Platte CiiY, Ao., Sept. I, 1855:
"Geti.iier; Ytnjb. letter of invitation (
requeating my a'.lenijlnce lit the celebration ,
oMhe battle of King's Mountain has been
received. It will b altogether inconvenient
JkaWie to be present on Ihst occasion. I ,
VP certain duties, both private snd public, ,
to discharge at homt. The battle of King's ,
Mountain was fought by the Whigs under ,
the lead of Campkell, McDowell, Shelby,
Sevier and Williams, against the Tories tin- ,
der the gallunt Fergsson. We have a similar j
foe lo encounter in tnnsas on the first Mon- ,
duy in October next. The 'border ruffians,'
such as fought with McDowell, Sutby, die, i ,
ou the one hand, aid the Aboli;lfllstS, such
mpn as fought with Ferguson, on the other ,
We (the 'border ruffiins ) have lha whole ,
power of the northe-n Stales to contend with j ,
aingle-handed and nlonc, without naaistance
and almost without lympathy from any quart
er; yet we are undismayed. Thus far have
wo been v'etorioojdHWitlt the help of God
will r '. nl iinieflBHpui'r .
"Gentlemen, afPMPyou for the kind ex- 1
prepaion in the concluding paragraph of your
letter 'Three cheer fur Atchison and Kan
sastf I have tt4 frsSTagf ph niJr
of tne 'border rufBact,' and their eyes eparkle
tbstr arms art nerrej. We have been act
ing on the defensive altogether; tho contest j
with ua in one of lift and death, and it will
be so with yuu anil your institution if we 1
full. Atchison, Strirgfellow, and the 'border
ruffians' of Missouri, fill a column of each
abolition paper published in the North; tbuse !
most foul and fulsehoad unblushing is poured j
out upon us, and yet we have no advocate in I j
the Southern press; and yet we receive no j j
assistance from the Southern States. But
the time will shortly Come when that assist- I
ance must and will ie rendered; the atake
tho 'border ruffiins' are playing for is a
mighty one. If Kansae is abolitionized. Mis- i
souri ceases to be a Slave State, New Mex
ico becomes a Free Slate, California remaina 1 1
a Free State; if we secure Kansas aa a Slave i
State, Missouri is secure, New Mexico and
Southern California, if not all of it becon;ea
a Slave Slate; in a word, the prosperity or ; t
the ruin of the whole South depends on the i
Kvnsas struggle. '''V
"Your obedient servant,
D R. ATCHISON.
"Messrs. W. B. Wimom, John L. Miller,
and Samuel VV. Melton, Committee f,
On this letter, The Charleston (S..C.) iter
cury comments as followa;
"It will lie read wilh peculiar in
terest. It rings in every line of the fierce
buttle which has, for almost a year pust,bcen
waging between 'fanatical hirelings' and the 1
noble champions of the South. It apeoks of
trials met und trials slill to come, in which,
tliouuh every nerve be tested, there will he 1
no yielding; for the cms.! of Ksnsa is the
cause of thetSoulh.' What an example to i lie 1
whole Booth have these 'border ruffians' given
of the true ami only spirit In v hu h aggres- j
siun ia lo be met and mastered I And ,-erily
do they atand ffofth ivf Wtliering contrast
with that pitiful brood ol meek men, who j
have so lung cursed mil dishonored the I
"Yet we fear not for the result; and soon .
the question will be leinoied Irom Kansas lo
Congress, there to Stand or fall, with the re
presenlutivea of the. Soutft. The House of :
Representatives will baft to decide between I
Reeder anil Whitfield httwoen Slavery nnd I
Abolition und upon its incision the future
fate of Kansas is nearly suspended. Thus, I
in spite of compromise and repeals, and i
pnrty platforms, Ariti-Slivery still invades
the councils of the nntiot. Ti e strugule i
will be fierce, and with iumense odds sgsinet i
us. N .lining will avail Ihe South, in her .
minority posltira, but eonrert and ihe most
determined aplrit, Let Southern Repreoes 1
lutives hear thia in mind L"t them remem- i
bi r how in iic. b ot the hjaMe. ia already won, ' i
and what may be lost by tbeir unworibineaa
Bui, ubove all . let them remember that the
eyes of a whole people are upon th 'in, eager- , i
ly watching how they heir themselves in the I
fight. Muar.while, let the people of the! I
South preaa forward in sii uf the Afisaouriana
snd evince, by acts, their sympathy and in- r
tereat in the cauae. W arv glad lo be able I
to .tale that Coarlealon haa recently aenl
forth two young and enterprising suns lor the
patriotic work." i
Such ia tho spirit of Atchison, snd the 1
Slave propaganda. Tke Government at
Washington knows that those men aie mov
ing Heaven and earth to crush the will of '
the Iree settlers of Kinsss, by imposing
Slavery upon them. Yet, not s movo is made
not s word nf rebuke is uttered. Congreas
must now meet the issue, snd dscide the
question. Let the Huuae do its duty, snd
then, let the Senste lelase tn acquieace, if it
dare lahe the mpomiblity, The FKorLK sru
ready lo act, as well as rotv.
RsiLitoAn Managemcu in Gkbmanv. A
correspondent of the N.. Sun gives an in
teresting account of the manner railroads art
managed in Germany:
"Every railroad company ir bound by law
lo have s double truck on their lines, vid nc
peraon is allowed to walk on a railroad track
at any time, by day or night, under penalty ol
the law A barrier, consisting of two strong
planks, is placed along the aide ot the tracks,
to keep ofiaDiinals. Every fifteen or twenty
miles slonythe track there is a elation lor a
guard or watchman, whu lives in a little hut
beaide ihe ruad, and whose business it is to he
st his post with a red flag in his baud, at the
approach of every '.rain; and before the train
ia duo to patrul his beat to see that all ia safu,
and to remove all obstacles which are some
times plsced upon the track by miscreants.
In the esse ol danger, the gu trd hoists on a
telegraph, eo-called, which stands near each
guard huuae, a red painted vo i which pan .'
tie aeen by Iht engineer a great distance but
if everything is right, the two wooden arms of
ihe telegraph are stretched in the air. During
.tie night, there is insterd of the Magnt, lau
tirn with a deep red light placed in the air us
i warning ol danger, and a common one if a!!
a in asjlecoiidiii .il U evert crossing there
a yatei winch is lock- o.i is a ion aa a tram
. due, n i aiit ip i , hei i a . cat M 1
i ar.iagr h in j., .
Its train nis paeeed "
aui. soon reguatioue iou'.d not cjuiej
mice i u in. country. j
THE MYTHIC SEA.
f or sges mere nas extsien a myin concern
rig a Norlhern'Ocean.whose ahores were the
mpenetrable barriers of ice, and whose wat
rs held a life and music all ita own. The I
!cuvdinavian9 remember the myth, and tn I
hia day ir. Sweden and Norway and the
Northern Islands, the great unknown sea haa I
ixislence in the belief ol every superstitious
ntnd. To us, who reason ao philosophically
hat nothing is hidden, it was not deemed
irobable that such body of water did or could
ixiat; and though many navigators asserted
heir belief in the myth, il has not had sut
icient data to clsim attention. A Tew minds
teen from obseivation nnd sagacicua from
lature, still clung to the 'ancient story and
differed it act to die. One of these minds
was Dr, Kane, who now returns home with
;idingsthat the lost sea is found!
Our readers doubtless perused the narrative
jf the Kane expedition with a breathless st
eniion. und from it learned that the intrepid
navigator left his vessel fast in the almost
mpenetrable mountains of ice In lat 7S deg
15 min. north, pushing his way in sledges
and on IcOt to lat. Si! deg. 3J min. where he
Ito d upon shores of, to his eyes, a limitless
leu. Three thous ind square miles did he
lean with eyo and glass, and yet no bounds
lo that expanse of water were found; for!
Sfty-two liuura did a heavy gale from the
mirth heave up the heavy surf, and yet it
brooght down not a particle of ice showing !
round the pole all was ocean life instead of j
frigid death. Thus wag the veil penetrated; j
surprise seised upon the philosophical specu
lator, and now the world is busy at the re
solution ot tins wanderlul problem of a Nor
lat. The Doctor represents those waters
as limpid ss any summer sea. By what pro
ceas in Nature can that high latitude ao
modify the temperature of the air ss te leave
the sea unfrozen! Where the Doctor win
tered the thermometer often stood at 60 de
crees below zero, and yet in a still more
northerly clime thfre is s sea which never
a frozen. Science stands stupefied, for u'l
ts axioms are repudiutodid new laws are
;o reconcile the facts to theory.
3d. Bird and fieh lile is there existeit in
the utmost prolusion. There the awk snd
eider duck range in unlimited freedutn.whilc
vhale and wulru sport in such herds as make
the waters searin wilh their huge merriment,
.'an these all live without proper food! Does
:he duck infest these regions without its
lerriei and grasses and bulbs forsustenai ce!
Here, then, is another query lor the spec.ula
or to ans vor, and Ihe mystery of that Nor
ihern Sea grows moie and more exeit'ng.
Over the grand ice barrier which Dr. Kane
passed w ,s a new laud, and he called ii
Washington, giving names also to the bays
ind Capes. Beyond this isthatseu, and that
sea hutl.es the intangible North Pole it
lolds the myst ery of the Northern Lights in
its keeping it keeps the secret of its own
life within its bosom; will man ever solve
LhM sccrej, and open up that unknown world!
We shall patiently await in hope; for, in our
minds, il a Vague thought li mting that the
ea which wiiiris round tin pole ol this earth
holds in its keeping the key to a thousand
mysteries, and we have faith to think Unit ill
lUr years shi uld they be three score or'
norethat mythic sea shail give up it- long'
kept secret S.in. R'tf
THE DISTINGUISHING GENIUS OF
Nature, now und then, brings forlh such
renluses as Newton, SlniKspuare, Tallo. rand,
Hilton, Nelson, Napoleon, Washington,
franklin, Jefferson, Luther, Cromwell und
luck Their powerful intellects com
piled the world to admire them,
The genius ol the preaeot age is Discov
IRV. In tho progress ol the arts and sciences
his ugo is iiuiucaMirubly superior to any
onner one. The present century stands
reetninent for its wonderful discoveries Id
he sciences and urts. Among these, the
uible science of Medicine has nuulu grout
irogress. Pkof. Holloway has discovered
ind prepared a remedy lor the diseases of
nun in w iiitever dime destiny may have!
liven bim bir'h. We bsve, in u former Uriel-,
iiilroduied lo our readers this dialing-1
liabed physician, whose reputation la already
ingrafted 00 the world's history. As a phy-1
liciun, "lie has copied Nature, and among
hysicisns, he slaiids the acknow ledged Km-i
Ipror. Both in the sale ol Ins medicines, and
n the number of patients that have tnkan j
hem, he is unrivalled. Prof. Hollowuy has i
shored to supply the human family with a
ieriniin. nl remedy for their diseaaes.to which
lo- afflicted may huvv recourse with a murul i
:ertainly that they will be cured. There is I
no disease to which they will not afford re-'
liel. His Pills and, Ointment, prepared from
.elect:. nis from the vegetable kingdom, wilh
reat care, will drive diaeaae out of the ays
tem. Thousands of the most intelligent
minds ot all nations, men distinguished in
very sphere of life the statesinun, philan
thropist, conquerer. and those whose highest
lim is to do good t their fellow men, unite
in their praises of the remedies discovered by .
Prof Holloway for the removal ol disease.
In uniting in this general recommendation '
nf the remarkable virtues of Holloway's re-'
med e we only per'oriu a Christian duty,'
which the press should never neglect. Those,
who are eminent lor the good ttivy do in ihe
world, huve a just claim upon the press for'
id in extending the good to the extent of i
their power. Therefore, we have Determin
ed to express our opinion thai HoLsowav's
Pills and Ointment are adspted to the re-j
uovul of disease, and have restored millions
jf the sick to health. New Foist Altai.
Masonic The Grand Chapter of Ohio
at ita last annual session held in Mansfield
last month, elected the following officers:
Jump H. M. Stokes, Lebanon, M E G II P.
Kent farvla, Maaaillon, EDGI1 P
Piatt Benedict, Norwalk.K G King.
E. Griawuld, Delaware, EG Scribe.
I. C. Copelan, Cincinnati, G Treas
J. D. Caldwell, Cincinna'i, G Sec
retary M E G II Priest then appointed the fol- ,
ing Comp. to the nfHcus assigned tham: ,
lamp. E R- Griswold, Cleveland, UC -of
C. Moore, Cincinnati. E G P S. ,
II. M. Speneer.Paiueav.lle, tl R A C. ,
J. R. Maclay, Hillaboru, G M 3 V.
J S Reeves, , Q M J V. t
H. Kuhn. , G M 1 V
q c mile)!, Columbus, E G c. .
W " v i' ie, E .i G Quart. ,
H J ti. S 'b nvi i. (i s.
... Ci H rsh4l,
M. lei u . in- cenl u uu.e murder.
I Maryland, has been convicted of murder L
the first degree.
THANKSGIVING IN OHIO.
Governor MEOtLL'a Proclamation for
riianksgiving, reads as follows: '
In pursuance of a usage established anil
instained by the recominc-ndations of tbe
Lieneral Assembly, through a long series of '
rears, and which usage haa always found a r
isnction and cheerful acquieaence in the
hearts of a grateful people, I, William Medill, '
Uoveruor of the State of Ohio, by those
presents, appoint and set aparl Thursday the
Iwenly-second duy of November next, to be I
observed as a day of Thanksgiving to Al
mighty God for the manifold blessings of the 1
year which ia about to close.
Whilat war, with all its attendant evils,hst
been convulsing tho nations of the old world
snd peslilenre has been performing its work
of death amorg n por'ion of our own b-cthren
in the South, the people of Ohio have been
graciously exempted from the desolating con
sequences of either.
The Itwa of the State have been duly rc
ppected; the National Union, in all its in
tegrity and force, hns been preserved; the
husbandman have yielded an u' usual ulmtul
nnce; and Industry, iii all i's channels, hus
kien appropriately rewarded.
In view of these evidences of Divine good- j
ness, I most earnestly recommend thol Ihe
good people of Ohio, to suspend and lay aside I
all bueiti3 Upon nnd during the day aforesaid
assemble at their usual places of worsllip.and
return their heartfelt thanks to Almighty God .
the Author ol these and all tho other bless-1
ings we enjoy, and offer up their prayers for
a continuance of the same.
Mr. Seward was called upon last week, at'
Albany, to make a speech in regard to the
Republican organization. It was a gr nd:
effort, and we extract from il the following
"So long aa the Republican party e hall be
lit hi and faithful to the Constitution, the Un-'
ion and the Rights of Man, I shall serve it, 1
with the reservulion of thai personal inde-!
pendence which is my birthiight, but at the1
same t ime, wilh the zeal and devotion that
patriotism allows nnd enjoins. I do nut know
und personally I do not grea'ly rare, that it'
sh II greatly work out ita great ends this year
or ihe next, or in my lifetime; because I
know that those ends are ultimately sure, and
that time and trial are the elements which
make all grat reformations sure and lasting.
I have not thus far lived for personal ends or
temporary lame, and I ehall not begin so late
to live or lab if for them, t have hoped that
I might leave my country somewhat worthier
of a lofty destiny, and the rights of human
nature somewhat safer. A responaible am
bition must always be satisfied with sincere
and practical endeavors. If among thoae
w ho shall come after us, there Bhall be any
curioi s inquirer who shall fall upon a numo
so obacure a oiine, he shall beobliged tocon
I less, that however unsuccessfully I labored
for generous ends, yet that I nevertheless was
ever faithful, ever hopeful.''
The Grand Division of the Sons of
Temperance adjourned laat evening at a
lute hour. The Order was well represen
ted, and nil their proceedings were con
ducted iti the greatest harmony.
The following officers wire elected to
serve during the coming venr: Win. Bremi
gon, G. W. P.j M. M. Edwards. G. W.
A.) H. V. Morton, G. S : J. I!. Thomp
son, G. T. Joseph, Gludden.G. Cn.;J. W.
Fisher G. Sent.; Alexander Duncan,G. Chip.
The next semi-annual session will bo
held in Cincinnati, on the lust Wednesday
in April; and the annual session at ilurnes
vjilo, Bel,auD,t County Ohio, on the last
W dnesday In October.
The National Division wi'l meets: Lex
ington, Ky ; on the tirat Weduesdsy in
fj.-V- We find the following in the Nuw-1
York Tribune of Saturday:
"The Cleveland and Pittsburg Railroad
ha a just closed a contract for ull the Iron
required to complete the river division from
Beaver to Wheeling on favorable terms,
payment lo be made in monthly instalments
eight to sixteen months.
' The wrk of c nnnerting its terminus,
Wellsville, with Wheeling o the south
ward, und wilh Beaver to the northward,'
will be pushed on with vigor, und when j
completed will connect our city bv a con-1
tinuout and uninterrupted line of rail with
Wheeling, Baltimore and Washington, and
will connect Pittsburgh and Beuver with
the same points. It will be of great im
portance, not only to the Company, but
to our business and traveling public."
The Toledo Blade thus trulltfully spesSs
ot Senator Wade.
"It will be remembered that it has been
customary in Congress, to bully, to insult,
to overawe every man who breasts himself
against the almost overwhe'ming influence
of the slHve power at Washington. With
a dastardly meanness, that power creeps
into the social circle, and seeks to mortify
and to petraciaa ! bvld and honest advo
cate of truth. Unawed by ar.y of the
numberleas and ingenious methods of in
sult and upposition in vogue at the seat
of government, Mr. Wsde hss remained
firm and inflexible.
Mr. Wade, with twelve others, in a con
test that lor violence and disregard for the
decencies of debate, the rules of order, &
observance of justice, has never been
equaled, stood by llis constituents wit'i a
Roman fortitude. On sn arena where
great and accomplished men and yielded
to Ihe seduction of place and threats of
p. wer, he was firm a yd unyeilding, neither
surrendering morally nor physically, nor
int'.'llectually, where cowards and traitors
Holloway's Pii.ls. Wonderful Cure ol
i diaeused Liver. Emily Burtun, aged 34,
f Fulton strett New-Yurk, whs for a loug i
ime in a very precurious state of health,
iwing lo her liver being diseased; the nn di-
tal faculty prescribed lor her in uin, and
very remedy she thought likely to benefit .
ler she made use of wilh the like ill success. (
tbnut two months ago, shocommenceu using ,
lolloway'a Pills, ami complin with the
irmtnd directions, which quickly produced a
ery piessing change, in five weeks, the
. . on lieslih 'Vii agaiu upon her Cheeks
I, ing Oily Ufpsi, 10 t Igf -illie au'-
. h , . n " P" ' a SO Ml-
.moie in a.l Uiaotjaja i ape atuikacb ami
owels. W F d
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER BALTIC.
New Yoa'k, Nov. 2 The Baltic arrived
his morning during a dente fog, whieh is the
eason of her being unannounced. ,
Breadstuff's firm. Wheat advsnced 4i6d,
"loi r 7d. Com IkOd higher.
Cotton declined 1-15, sales of 64,000 hales
The Russians attacked Kars, but were re
mised with a loss of 4000 men.
The allies have organized and concentrated
in advance from Eopaturia and oilier points
in or.'er to cut off nud surrender the Russian
Kinburs, at the moulli of the Dnieper, was
captured by the allies, snd Laman and Phana
rrorid, in the straits ol Kertch wero destroyed.
The advance post of the allies is within fifty
five leagues of Bakchia Serie. The Russians
Liparandi intends to defend the line of the
Bulbeck. The north ol Sebnstnpol ia sum
rounded by new Russiun fori ificalions.
Gortchukotr ia to he court inartia.'ed. No
thing new from the'Orimeii
The fortress of Kinlurs resisted '.lis Allies
by a very heavy fire up to the 17th, on
which day the Allies entered the place.
Advance from Marseilles state that great
exertions Were making to complete the em
barkation of a division of 10,000 mon untsr
The English troops have discovered in the
Kerbeiony, a portion of Scbastopol, immense
stores ol ammunition and clothing.
At the ensuing conference Denmark 'will
propose that the sound dues be capitalized
lor the purpose of redemption.
Sir Henry Ward, Governor of Ceylon, has
Among the killed at the conflii t at Kars, is
said to be several officers of rank.
There is little general news.
The restriction measure of Ihe bank of
France is telling tiport almost every branch of
Messrs. Rothchilds is about establishing an
Austrian bank of credit, with a capital of 60,
A concordest highly favorable to the Church
of Rome, has been concluded between Aus
tria and the Holy Sue.
The new Greek Min ister announces the
neutrality ef the referred administration and 1
the execution of obligations due foreign
Liverpool, Oct. 17 Cotton market
Sales ol the past week huve been 54,000 ba
les, including 5000 to speculators and 6000 to
exporters, quotations are New Orleans fair
6jd, Middling 5 9-16; Upland fair 5Jd, Mid
dling 5Jd. Last udvices trom the U. S. had
a favorable effect upon the markets. The cir
cular of Deunistown & Co, reports that al
though Ihe week opened wilh improved feel
ings and ree sales it closed in a decline and
wiili a decline of 1 16 ou Fridays prices of
lust week, sales of the week were 54,143
balea to trade end rest lor ex-port and specula
tion. LtvERrooL, 19. Brown & Shipley's cir
cular quotes the corn market without unima
lion, slock light, and prices hardening.
Wheat advanced during the week from 4a6d
per bosh. Flour (id per bbl. Indian Corn
2 .6d per qnutcr. Western canal fl ,ur quoted
at 43i. White wheat Usijd, red 1-2. White
corn 4,)s, yellow Ids.
Beel in limited dethatidJ American cork
Bllghtly enquired after, Market bare 'of haow
and shoulders. Cheese unchanged.
Lanl, tales of American at uo.iij7s for fair
quantities, Tallow in fair request, likelv to
advance, fine American much wanted. Sperm
Oil better request. Ashes lower, no Hull i
tnore bark iii market.
Liverpool 19. Mousy market more string
ent, closed dull.
Bank of England has increased her rate of
discount 6 per cent per 60 day bills and 7 per
cent lor paper ol longer date.
There ia great alarm In commercial cir
cles and a panic ij anticipated.
Consols clodul on Friday evening at 87 for
money and account.
Pittsiiitkhh, Nov. 3.-A fire broke out this
evening in the cellar of the Drug store of J.
Schonmaker & Co., where a large quantity
of spirits of turpentine were stored. Tbe
building with its contents were destroyed.
Loss $30,000 Insured partly in Pituburgh
and Philadelphia offices.
The fire communicated to the adjoining
building occupied by Dawson & Mewmeyer,
aa a shovel warehouse slightly injured.
NEW YORK ELECTION.
hew ion, Nov, o, ihe election for
sla'e officers, excepting Governor and Lieut
Gov, tuok place to day, in this city. The day
passed off" very ijuietly, excepting the usual
rowdy proceedings incidental to the occasion.
Bostok, Nov. 6. The election in Massa
ohueettt for state ofletra, members of the
Legislslure, die, Jtooh place to day. The
following are a.l the returns reeeivej,
The city of Boston gave Gardiner, 'Amen
can, for Governor 6372; Heach, IDemocrat
4200; Welly, Whig 2572; Rockwell, Re
In 45 cities and towns heard from, Gardin
er is largely ahead.
From Thompson's Bank Note Reporter, Oct. 26th.
The supply for a few daye past hss been
much better. We think, however, that the
present prices will be maintained lor a week
or ten jays to come. Our frienda wi.o have
Warrants to dispose of, should not neglect
the present opportunity to do well, rather
than run the risk of duing better, as we think
tbe chances will be sgsiaat them jf they
Nov. 8 Flour unsettled, we hear of
buyers at 98,10, but no sales. Grain, no
;hing ooing wiialever. Groceries unchanged'
tnd in demaud.
Nov. 5. Flour hss declined from 12$. to
IScls. wheat is 6 cents lower, corn unrhang
aj ut 83 i'.0, for yellow. Howard strett and
,'ity mills flour quoted at 9a9, I2i.
NEW YORK MARKET.
Nov 6 St icks are a trill lowei, the an
Quneenteuta uf the atsamur has check d the
F, mr droop ng, sales 2 l,000bbls; Wheat
rooping, sales of 69,000 buah; Corn firm
lies of 54,000 bush.