Newspaper Page Text
THE lELlilT OTpMET
R. COW EN, EDITOR & PROPRIEOR. "liE 110 LOVES HOT WmmmZ CAH LOVE ilOTHi-IG." $ LTERMS uu A YEAR, IN ADVANCE
NEW SERIES, VOL. V$,,sT0. 11. ST. CLAIRSVILLE, OH1 JfelURSDA Y. DECKAlliER ft lAf,. 4k JLW WHOLE NO 07 :
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING
Office on North (tide of Main Street in
the New Mnsonic IIMI, n few doors '
East of the Court llottnr, and a
i "mv door West of the Norton
TERMS OP NiiBst'iur noM.
If pait within three montlia, Slfort
If jaid after tllatlime, 2,00;
Paperi rtticontinned only St the opilon or the editor,
villi"' flrrr.rtgrs are UUC.
Each square, (11 lines or less,) three week, (1 ,00
Every additional inssrtion, S.'i
Yearly advoriisenisnts one column, $40,(10
'lair column, S.M.0O
BUM column, la.Utl
'rjofssloiial cards ell pur annum.
jl ' -AM letters addressed to the edltbr tttUst lie psid to
sure aUntion.JH i
JO"No paper discontinued until sll srrssrtfsa are
IfliiTileii at the option or th edlt(1r,l
On The Death of H. M.
Through long days tnd nights of anguish
On his couclitlie sufferer lay,
Like a rosebud loft to languish
Parted from the stem uway.
And we deemed while watching o'er him,
By that lovely bd of pain,
All our care might not restoro him
Buck to life and health again.
Evory art and fond endeavors
Could not save him from the tomb.
And he passed away forcvor
To a realm of fadeless bloom.
Four bright Jsir.iling summers only
Had the littio prattler known,
Yetjthe home he left is lonely
For its light with him has flown.
BrlgHt the stars of ilcaVen were shinning
in their far otl' depths of blue,
Where life's transient gilt resigniog,
To the Earth ho bade Adieu.
And the glorious seal "immortal"
On his brow of beauty shown
As he passed deaths' glddmy portal,
Calmly without sigh or moan.
Did not waiting Angels whisper,
"Gentle spirit! why delay"
Aa the pale lips of the lisper
Softly breathed his life away!
Our dull ears heard not their voices;
But we felt, while standing thore,
"Even now his soul rejoices,
Parted from a World of care."
In the graves' dark mansion slocping,
Cold and lowly lies his head,
And the Autumn winds uro heaping
Withered leaves around his bud.
Stilled thathoart which throbbed so wildly
With a rapture all its own;
Closed those eyes which beamed so mildly;
Hushed thut voice's inusiO lone.
Quietly that form repnsos,
All its beauties lost for ay
From among the household roses
A swoot bud has passed away.
But the Angela boro his spirit
Upward to its nutive skies,
There forever to inherit,
All thojoys of Paradise.
Who that loved him would restore him
Back to ourth from Heaven's bright bowtfri!
Where Angel's eyes wat ill 0 er him
With a fonder love than ours.
There the soul, expanding, glowing,
Treads tho paths by seraphs trod;
And the "river of life" is flowing
Thro' tho City of our Cod.
From Graham's Magazine.
THE BRIGGS' BABY.
THE BRIGGS' BABY. BY ELLA RODMAN CHURCH.
Let well-enough uloue.---Oi.ii Maxim.
It was a foi lorn-looking little object,. set m
lng hi though it hud goi into ujiungie, and
could not get out aguin an UndisliOgUlsb
able mass ol nothing in particular, whose
chiel amusement uppeured to be hat ol
digging its eyes out with its risis and yet
the whole house -vus in an uproar uhout
it; and uot only the house, but the villuge
Tho Briggs' Buby, to be briefw as'an ou
ject ol universal admiration. Martha iiriggs
was yet scarcely more than a child her
self, and as to Sam, every one knew liat
he had only just completed his twenty-first
year. Uncles, aunts, and cousins, flocked
in from all directions to gaze upon the
wonder, and detect in it little, shupeless
features a striking resemblance to father or
mother, or both; Sain held his heud at
least three inches higher than before the
advent of that remarkable baby; and Martha
evidently considered all the extravagant
praises bestowed upon the queer little piece
of humanity as net the hall of what it de
served. The lanA, old-fashioned house directly
opposite Briggs', belonged to Timothy
Cornwall. Wimotny a rich man; he
owned other houses, and numerous broad
acres nearly all of which had been acquir
ed by bard wurk and careful saving. His
belter-half wae a perfect mirror ol her hus
band; to work and to save had been '.he
main objects of her life. They had both
done tins fcr tv enty years; and now they
were the richest people in Horuetsville.
Everything about the premises was neat,
regular, and plentiful; and it was the kind
of place that a traveler in tbe Klagecoach
would have involuntarily noticed for its air
ol old-fashioned comfort and luxuriance;
each separate apple or pumpkin upon the
farm seeming to gruw in a proper, regular
way, ana1 every tree leafing out in the
must orderly manner. One could tell, at u
glance, thai there were no childreii there
to put things tu disorder no little, muddy
feet to come pattering in upon Mrs. Corn
wall's immaculate floors---or childish hutlrl
to disarrange the methodically. plsced tables
and chairs. No, when Inn neighbors spoke
of Timothy Cornwall to strangers, they in
variably added that he hail "neither chick
nor child;'' and nephews and nieces began
to be quite anxious about tho extent of
their favor with Uncle Timothy.
Mrs. Cornwall hod been sitting with
Marlhaj and she crossed the road to her
own dwelling with a thoughtful step, and
sat down, in her bonnet, by the sitting
room fire in n complete state of abstrac
tion. She had seen babies befofe plenty
ef them; anrl yet, somehow, the Briggs'
babv seemed to areuie a new and unac
customed train of thought.
Ves, Timothy was now hard on to sixty
and she was hard on to fifty; they had
worked, and saved, end were rich; they
could now lold their hands and do nothing
if they liked, for the rest lot their lives, ;
But for wjiat bad they been working and ,
saving! She didn't see but thst it was to j
make their relations glad when they died;
trie! here Mrs. Cornwall gave a large stick
of wood nn unnecessary push with her foot.
I hey had an immense house, with no one j
in it but themselves and Saliy, whose pro-'
vince was entirely confined to the kitchen;
and, somehow or other, it began to seem
kind of lonely. She didn't know as she j
got rid of trouble, either; for, when any
thing was the matter with anybody, they
always sent for hir. "(3he hadn't any child-!
ren," thry said; and on that account, she
was expected to be at people's beck when
ever they chose to call. Martha seemed so ! i
happy, and Sam looked so proud of her I
and the baby she really believed that Tim i
would think a great deal more of her if i i
they had children around them. ,
She sat tw-ising the strings of her bon-1
act, and gazing so intently into the fire ji
that her husband entered unperceived; but, j I
steoling round behind her, he bestowed up- I
on her still red lips a kiss, the warmth of i
which showed that his wife had certainly i
done him injustice, as he said
"Why, mother, what's the matter!" as ,
he noticed the cloud upon her brow. i
Now this title ol '-mother" bestowed up i
on his wile, was one of Tim's peculiarities i
that afforded an inexliuustible subject of
mirth to his IV iends. liy what species of i
mental hallucination, he could ever regard t
her in that light, was certainly n mysicryi i
but it was known to be an undeniable lact
that within a week after their marriage, he
adopted that style of address, and had con
tinued it ever siuce. (
To her husband's great surprise, Mrs.
Cornwall burst into tears. She was rarely ,
thus affected; and Timothy began to tear
that something more than usual was the
To all thid.fntrenlies, Mrs. Cornwall re
mained for .tf'Iong lime silent; but when,
at length, he had obtained a glimpse ol
her feu iugs, and found that site was no
tuelly jealoui of Martha's baby, Timothy
indulged in u hearty laugh, partly from a
6cnse of relief that it was no worse But
observing, from his wife's clouded face, thut
she was in no laughing humor, lie good
naturedly elongated hit own visage to n
sober expression, and proposed holding u
Consultation is to what was to be done.
The good ma. i was extranely puzzled at
the strange turn thai his wife had taken;
nod thinking that she needed something to
divert her mind, proposed a quilting-pruty
"I aint agoin' to have any more qui lti n
partles," replied Mis. Cornwall, with con
siderable asperity; "there's the house turn
ed topsy-turvy lots o! cake mtde, and eggs
and cream vunishin' like wildfire forward
youngsters puttin' their noses in every
where Sally g.tiuiblin' for a fortnight aft
erward and much thanks 1 git for'1, all.
Don't talk to me of quilling'-partiec, or any
Timothy l.ad made himself romf'ortable
with his pipe; and now sat ruminating
nmid vast clouds of smoke. He whs not;
given to repining, but his wife's words bud
sat him a-thinking; and he become wrap
pr-d in a waking dream, that was infinitely
delightful. Childish hands clasped his neck
--soft, childish cheeks were pressed close
to his and childish tonfs ang out In glee,
diffusing unusual music though the old',
Twenty nlneteen-yti, Timothy, Jr.,
would now be a likely young man, who
cuuli1 take half the care of the farm oil' his
ihouwvrd ami jo on Innumerable i-lcigbing
parties with the prettiest girl in the coun- ,
ty; and Rebecca, (he would call her Ke
becca after his wile,) he saw her, a beau
tiful an' dutiful daughter, on whose account;
the young men were troubling him contin
ually 'but he would stern with them, and
make them keep their distance they were
none of them half good enough for Re
becca -he'd show them but the pipe had
gone out; nnd Timothy awoke to realties
somewiiat suddened, and watched his wile
; as she silently arranged the tea-table, that
looked so lonely, only laid for two, There
i should be some little, high-chairs there; dj
china mugs, whose gilt letters traced the
words, "To my Son," or "To my Daught
er." ; The meal was eaten more silently Mian
j usual; and Timothy Cornwall and his wile
I begun to feel a void in their hearts an
empty, aching void, that would not be sileuc-
Mrs. Cornwall went often to the opposite
j house; and aat there tending tho baby,
j while Martha, with her bright eyes and
I rol!ed-up sleeves, flittered here and there
now, plunged up to the elbows in flour, in
j the manufacture of ene ol Sam's favorite
dishes, ornninging through thr bouse, broom
in hand, as she swept and dusted rooms
i '-i.it seemed already swept and dusted to
I the lust degree ol neatness. She found her
' neighbors extremely useful; and the baby
I became so accustomed to Mrs. Cornwall,
that il wus perfectly satisfied to remain in
"I do wish Martha wouldn't be so dread
fu) choice of that baby!" exclaimed Mrs.!
Timothy to her husband, on her return j
from one of these visits; "she really seems
to bo afruid that we'll eat it, or do some
thin' to it! I wanted it over here to epehd I
the day I thought it would lie so nice to '
have it here, for once--it's a dear, little!
thing, and knows me as well as it does its '
mother; but Martha opened her eyes as '
wide as saucers, and said that 'she couldn't
think of such a 'hing at present!' "
"It xvou.ll be nice," said Tim, reflective-1
lyj he having a vision of a model baby that'
never cried, behaved with all the considera- '
tion of a grown person, and went quietly
to sleep when people were to busy too at
Wad to it. "Yes," said he, "I should really I
liko to have it here."
Mrs. Cornwall sat nursing hef wrath in
the rocking-chair; and thinking what an!
ungrateful creature Martha was. that she,
wouldn't lend thein the baby for a little
The months wore on, and the Briggs'
Dairy had got to be quite an old story. It '
now seemed like a kitten that has com-!
menced growing, and lost its prettiness;!
except, that it was a fat, good-natured, little .
thing, and daily increasing in strength and;
beauty. It was now ten mouths old; as- 1
pired to eat and drink like other people; '
nnd, as its father said, behaved in all re
spects, like a christian.
Sam and Martha were not much given
to jaunting it took lime and IfflMtJM but
Huite suddenly, one morning, they made up
their minds to attend a State Fair, about
Ifty miles off; for, as Sain said, "ho jest-'
vanted to see il them puinkins, and squashes
i'nd things, was any such gru.il shul:es,aft
They would be gone but one night and ;
titer considerable hesitation, Martha listened
avorably to Mrs. Cornwall's proposal of!
laking charge of tho baby. Sam laughed',
it his wile's fears, and declared 'hat "le
poung one was well enough in sucii hands;
die only danger was, that hav,r.g tried the
ielights of having a baby in the House,
hey might insist upon keeping it altogeth
If." And Martha fully agreed with him
n the latter idea.
They would take the afternoon train.and
return the next evening; and it was a set
led thing thut the baby was to be left
iith Mrs Cornwall.
When Timothy came homo to dinner, he
found his wife radiant with smiles. She
informed him that they were gmg to have
i visitor, and told him to guess who it was.
"I'm sure, don't know,'1 he replied,
'Well, guesM," rejoined his wife, quite
provoked at his indifference, "I'm aura '
you're Yankee enough for thai'."
But Timothy's perceptions' were very
much clouded; and, when in despair, his
wile wus obliged to divulge tho secret, be
seemed fairly staggered by it.
The tiahy'" he repeated, "ufc yrju aurei
it's quite well! Miybe it'll have a lit, or I
"Nonsense," replied hid wife, "all babies
don't have tits Martha's never had a fit
in ll'i life "
Timothy was rather 'earful; but, being'
reassured by his wife, lie ventured to git'o
himself up to all the pleasure of the an-!
But suddenly his unxicty assumed a new
"How are you goin' to ftti it!" he in
quired) "wont it want a teapot, or some- I
The expression of intense contempt in
Mrs. Cornwall's eye, as she repeated the
word "teapot," effecturlly silenced her hus !
band, who meekly admittec that "he didn't
know much about babies."
Martha camo over herself, with the baby
carefully bundled up, to reiterate her charges;
and almost bewildered good Mrs. Corn
wall with the multiplicity of directions.
Timothy listened inconsiderable awe, and,,
at first, gazed upon the baby as though
afraid that it might hurt him. The object '
of all this solicitude looked remarkably
well satisfied with the arrangement, and
parted from its mother without a single
"Didn't I tell you it was a darling!"
said Mrs. Cornwall, us she sat down to
untie its clouk and hood.
The baby laughed and crowed, gazed
from Timothy to the fire, and from the
fire to Timothy, and sucked its thumb in
The old gentleman shook his newspaper
at it, but the Baby slurted at the sudden
noise; and Ihen Timothy starte-j, because
the baby did, and looked so frightened, that
hie wile laughed at him. The child wat!
playful, however, and after puckering up
it mouth a little, concluded net to cry;
and amused itself with pulling at Mrs. ,
Timothy gazed upon it with the utmost
yearning; he lairly longed to take ihe child
in his arms, and yet he didn't dare to ssy
so. He was afraid that bis wife would
laugh at him; he cAuldu't imagine how she
beld it so nicely; and be sat there, watch
ing and endeavoring lo learn something. :
He tried all manner of devicea to uttraet
the child's attention; but it looked upon
his efforts with such evident contempt, that
Timothy really felt hurt.
At length, watching his opportunity, he
snatched it suddenly from his wile'a arms,
attd began dancing violently around the
room with it: But Timothy was not ac
customed to babies; he handled the child!
awkwardly; aiid, frightened by his violence
it set up a cry that fairly ielectrified him.
Timothy listen d J meekly to his wife's
eproof, and sat down in a cold perspirs
tion, While she endeavored tu soothe the
fractious in fin t But . would not be sooth
ed; its feelings had been very much injured;
and it cried so loud and steadily, that they
began to fear Martha w ,uM hear it, and
E 1L i
come posting buck "fci execute summary
vrngoance upon tlirirf A
"I declare," exclaiMe! poor Mrs. Corn
wall, panting with hr exertions, after trot
ting, and walking, end tossing the child,
Until sl!e :.s!lk down from sheef exhaustion,
"this is worse than ( hor in' "ity. even, or
hekin'-day, either! ( CoBldn't fetl mCre
hably, if I'd done the.hnrdeat day's Work I
ever done in my life.
The uaby was lired out, too, and lay
sobbing on her knee Timothy regarding
it with a rueful countcnanco, and wonder
ing what in the name of common slnse
possessed it. After awhile, tho sobs nearly
ceased the tcaiftil eyes were closed and
with an ejaculation of thankfulness, Mrs.
Cornwsll deposited the child in its cradle,
which had been brought over from the oth
er house. Hue rocked it and hushed it
twice as OiUch as wat necessary, for fear,
that it was not really aajeep; and frowned
down all her husband's attempts at speak
ing, Until he becsme '.i.ite Impatient, and
looked upon the bab femethitig of a,
Timothy obeyed his wife's beckoning
nod, and stood beside the cradle.
"Isn't it lovely I'she whispered and lie
gave a fervent aesewt.
The round cheek ''was flushed with its
UU rxcitementone or two tear-drops still ,
trembled on the lon lashes and tho tiny,
dimpled hand rested, liko a rose-leaf, ou
the coverlet. Tho childless couple ctnud
regarding the sweet picture with a feeling!
of indescribable tenderness; and the infant ;
slumbered on, ,undislurbed by their low j
Leaving the rrndlc and its precious con
tents in her husband's charge, Mrs. Corn
wall went lo tho kitchen to superintend;
some arrangements tor feeding the buby. !
Martha had brought over a paper of airow-l
rOot, the boiling of which had been entrust-1
cd to Sally; but that damsel, having rook-;
ed it with a most homoeopathic allowance
Of water, Jlnid manufactured a compound
that tasted like bllThT pudding Mrs. Corn-:
wall was fairly discouraged.
[TO BE CONTINUED.]
Mr. Jefferson's Abolitionism.
The Editor of the Enquirer accusos us
of having called Mr. Jefferson an Aholition
ist. He Bhould have gone further, and
charged us with proving hhn to be so. He
cannot deny that Mr, Jeff-re m was the
author of the Virginia ordinance of 1784,
which provided tbat involuntary servitude
exeept for the punishment of crime, should
not exist in the Territories of the Union
uftor the year 1800- If this wjs nol, Jfrst,
Abolition of the slavery that shoud not
exist in 1800, and secondly, its Prohibition
for oil fttUvre 1:4mw big , our neighbor
to tell us distinctly by what name it shall
be called. VVj are now particular In the
matter of terminology; but if Mr- Jefferson
wus not an Abolitionist, what wus he!
Snppjse it" should Ventura 'to say that
"the abolition of domeftla slavery is the ;
greatest object, of desire in these States."
would not the editor of the Enquire feel'
justified in uccusing us of having givon
Utterance to sentiments of rank nb'olition
IfldH Vet in his teller lo the Convention
holden at William'sbtirgh, Virginia, Aug.
T, 1774, Mr. Jefferson wrote as follows;
"The abolition Sf domestic slavery is the
greatest object of desire in these colonies'
where it was unhappily introduced 111
their infant slate. But. previous to the en- '
franchisement of the slaves, it is necessary
to exeluJa all further iin.iartaliuns from
Africa. Yet our repeated attempted
to effect this by prohibition, and by to
imposing duties which might am mi
prohibition, have been heretofore defeated
by his Majesty 's negative. Thus preferring
the immediate advantages of a few African j
rorsairs to the lasliiig interest of the Ame
rican, States, unl to the rights of human !
nature deeply wounded by this Mejnnus
Nut merely the dissolution of the uer-1
vilo tenure, but the "enfranchisement" of
the slave his udmission to the rights of
citizenship lorsneu, ns .-.ppenrs by the fore
going quotation, a part ol the political ays-;
tern of Mr. Jefferson, We might multiply '
extracts almost unliinitedly lo th same el- I
feet, but have only room for a part of his
bitter denunciation of the institution con
tained in his "Notes on Virginia." He
first speaks of the effect of slirefy upon
the murals of the people where it exists;
continuing, he says:
"With the morals of the people, their
industry also is destroyed, for, ifi a warm
climate, fto man will labvr for himself who
can make another labor lor him. This is
so true, that of the proprietors of slaves, a
very small proportion, indeed, are ever seen
to labor. And can the liberties of the na
tion 'ia thought secure when we have re
moved their only firm basis a conviction in
the minds of the people that these liberties
are the gift of Goill That they are not
violated but with His wrath! Indeed, I
tremble for my country, when I reflect
that God is just that his justice cannot
sleep forever; that, considering nu iibers,
nature and natural maans only, a revolution
of the wheel of fortune, an exchange of
situation is among possible events: that it
may become probable by supernatural in
terference. The Almighty has no attribute
which can lake sides with us in such a
Such a testimony to the industrial, politi
cal and moral evjls of slavery such a de
claration if its sinfulness in the eyes of a
Ood of infinite justice such a recognition
e)f the invariable' relation which exists be
tween crime and punishment, and such a
prediction of the decaent of the wrath of
Jehovah upon the heads of apeople guilty of
oppression, would, nad it fallen from iha lips
of Theodore Parker, Wendell Phillips or Wil
liam Lloyd Garrison, instead of gliding from
the pen of iheSage of Monticelio,betti greot-
rd wilh a mingled cry of derlfion and de-1
aunciation t'y every Administration print
andorstor from Maine to California. Again,
we have the right to aslr, if Mr. Jefferson !
was not an Abolitionist, what vas he!
We are taunted with the title of Abolition
ist because We desire, by every constitu
tionsl means, to prevent the pluming of I
slavery in lands where It does not , xist.
If by the possession of ruth a sentiment a
Ml becomes legit'milely entitled to the '
name, how much stranger than our own to
such a distinction, are the claims of Mr.
Tne edllcr ot the Euguirer attempts to
do away with th? evidence of the A ho ,
lion views of Mr. Jiffersoa. by showing
that he was not opposed to the spread el
slavery lata Iree territory. In 1820 he held1
that ihe diffusion of slavery would not ia
crease its amount, and wouh "facilitate
mancipation, by dividing tha burden on a !
greater number of coadjutors." We are '
afraid the testimony offered by our cotem
porary scarcely comes up to the require
ments of his case. Mi. Jefferson favored
the diffusion of slavery as a means of tnwing
its abolition. hlmaRuipalior is what ne had
in view, and it is oily to be inquired
whether he wis correct in his opinion, thai
"the passage ol slaves from one State to ,'
another would not make a slave of a single
human being who would not be so without
it." Had .Mr. Jeffersom lived until now,
he Would have learned th- fallacy of his .
notion that lbs increase of slaves is not
favoraed by the diffusion of slavery. Tnei
world laughed at poor old Gen. Cass, when,
i few years age, he revived the idea, arid:
ive cannot prevail upon ourselves to adopt
it, even to oblige our contemporary. Cm. (
Washington Sketches—Senators, &c.
The Cincinnati Commercial has a tacy.j
witty an pungen: Washington corresDond
ent who lately wrote to thai paper the iol
lowiug letter. Il reads well:
Tuere was a rich joke afloat to day about
ane of the new members Mr. Cullen, of
Delaware. He inquired of some gentlemen
tvhat kind of a man a former member
Irbm lit'le Delaware had been whether ho I
ivas smart, a man of genius, &.C.; and was;
lu Id that he certainly was. Tnen Mr.
Cullen remarked, with great eomplacency
tnd emphasis "I beat, him." This raised
a slight laugh. Then Mr. C. inquired as
to the umount of stationary given meiti-j
bers, nnd was told tiiat they wero allowed
forty-five dollars werth. He then picked
out six pen-knives and ten gold pens with ;
silver handles and pencil cases, and filling
his breeches pockets, marched off. The :
manner in which he leviea on stationery is
noised about, us a joke, and he is "done
lor." Ha is n Knownothing and votes for.
Marshall It has been suggested that he
certainly reached this city by navigating a
aide track ol the railroad, and that it will
be necessary to nail a gli de board to him
in order to send him back.
I looked in upon the Senale tr-lay.
Gen. Cass is a ponderous old fellow, with
a m issive head, which he covers with a '
rusty old brown wig, and hekee, opening
und shutting his month, and slicking bis
breath between his teeth, as il he constant
ly ta-sted something disagreeable, John M
Clayton is more enormous than Cass, and
his lace, though fat, is magnificent. He
is the best looking man in ihe Sen ie, and
laughs bartily al intervals of from two to'
five mlr.Otei, II s hair "s white jus snnv,
and his big eyes glistened all tha time
wilh intelligence and humor. Seward is
about as jetolwart in appearance bs a pair
of tongs. He does not weigh more than
an hundred pounasr His hair Is short an I
looks teed, und his eyes are hidden beneath
a pair of slender gold spectacles, His face
is thin, pnle and Wlinkled, but iis limts are
firm, and he appears to be what he is, n
man reatleia nnd intriguing intellect. '
Senator Butler, of H uth Carolina, is thick
est at the waistband, though not uncomfor
tably heavy. His lace is brightly red, and
his hair, which he wears long, und in
singular confuon, i-i white as, newly
washed lamb's wool. Hale's appearance
indicates that he has been fe I liberafly on
1st pork and butt.-rmilk. Ptlgh looks
younger when among the old, b ltd, or
whitebeaded big bellied Senators, than I
ever beloro saw him. A mijority of the
Senators have naked patches on ihe tops t
of their heads, and oaite half of then are
the opposite to slender. They chew tobsc-'
co very much as other folks, so far as I
could discover and immediately after ad-;
joumment several of llieui ;lit cigars, audi
leaning back, appeared to feel cainloriable.
Clayton, Crittenden, and Benjamin, the I
Know-Nothing Senators, had a long talk af
ter udjournment to-day. It is prubab e
that they were discussing their chances fi if
the Presidency. A group of Senators were
talking in the lobby for an hour aboul war
with Englund, aid they reemed to think
that it would be a good idea to build at I
once a powerful fleet of war steamers.
Notic-i was given, by eome one whose name
I forget, of his intention to introduce, at
an early day, a bid provid'ng for the con
struction of a Railroad lo the Pacific.
Whether he proposes lo have it run past ,
Chicago and round etij the north pole, to
dig a tunnel a thousand miles through the
Rocky Mountaius, or to try the Texas
route, 1 did not understand. Gen. Cass
had a talk with Pugh, and two or three
Senators whose faces were not familiar to
me, about the civil war in Kanzaa. The
old gentleman wus excited, and appeared,
from a faw heavily emphasised worHs I
neeessarily hiard as I was looking at him
at the time, to be eaagely in favor of
the Squatter Sovereign ., the Border Ruf
fians 1 ban led G iv. Reeder the Commercial
of Monday containing details of th recent
disturbances in Ktnzas The Governor
says there is no doubt but the Free State
men ufatattai would prevail if ihry Red
fair ply, DUl ihit they are n ,t able to re- ;
sist the whole power of thn prj-s lavery j
Missoirians, backed by the Influence and )
military foree of the "law and order"
Government. F.ven Mhafp-.-'s riuVs will
fei! against iuch overwhelming numliers.
And then the quantity of arms and am
munition in the hands of the Free Stale
men has been exaggerated by both carti'-s.
Next to the Speakership, li e war in Kan
as) is the topic of conversation here. I
Tho genera) opinion seems to be that the ;
stories of the late trouble in that Territo. j
ry are very much exaggerated.
A caucueof the "oppasilion" n;emors of
ihe House of Representative was called
for this evening, but il was poorly att : 1
cd, and nothing o! the slightest consequ
ence occurred. Orcily is "bobbiag around, '
looking intensely innocent, and work-1
ing h-ird to bring Ihe "opnoition" ia'.o'
line, and drill them for tegular action. 1
They prefer, however, to fight Indian
The Error of Popular Opinions, in
regard to the Ages most Predisposed
The e.r.icrienca of every age and the (
statistic il tables of every eminent eulhori 1
ty upon this subject, clearly show that of s
all the diseases to whichthe human family '
is liable, none is lo prevalent or so fatal I I
in its issue, aa Pulmosary Coiisumpti ia. "
We have unhappily but to turn to the re- '
corded experience of the past, tu be con- 1
vinced that ihe general belief is untur- 1
tunate'y correct. Yet sjtne of our reader 1
will doubtless be surprised to learn that c
while many of its victema are amongst the '
most interesting and too often the most I '
talented portion of adult life, a still larger '
number are to bo mr;t with a more tender I '
thjugh not lesa interesting age. I'
On turning to one of the mos: entineu, 1
authorities of the age, the celebraied Louis 1
'we shall find,"' (says Prof. Watson,) "by
reference to two short tables, one drawn '
up by him,conta.ning observations r.'lativ- to ' 1
123 cases, and another by Bay e, rejecting '
100, some facts throwing light on this!
subject. The iwo tab es agree in the main (
very closely. Thur from the age of 15 toij
that ol 20. Louis met wilh 11 deaihs from!1
Phthisis, B ")-le with 10; from 20 to 80, j t
Loiis met with 13, and Bajie 23; from 30 ;c
to 33, Louis 33, Bayle 23; from 40 to 60,
Louii 2S, Bayle 21; from 50 to 60, L "U.s 'l
12, llayle JlJ; from 00 to TO, Louis 5,
Bayle 8. We see from this account, how i4
erroneous the counnan notion is that con- j !
sumption does not occur ut sn advanced : l
period oi life; that a person who has '
reached 30 or 40 years, is thenceforth sale
Iron that disease. , '
"From thee two tables an.' otlters coi- 1
lected by Sir Jatneo Clark, it appears that 1 1
ti.king the d?cei.nial periods, tha greatest '
number of deaths flom Phthisis happens
bc-twe-'n the ages of 20 and 30. Tho next
greutest number from 30 to -10; the next '
from 40 to i; and that after these it is '
a djubtlul inaticr whether more Iprisb ofi'
consumption between 60 and 60, or be- 1
tween 16 and 20, which last is only one- '
half o;' a decennial peiiod.
"These calculations refer, cs you will fe 1
mark, to . mnan life after tbe age of pub-i '
erty. li-forz that age, tubercu'ous disease 1
is tearfully common, especially in infancy '
arid childhord. Among 920 children (5S2 ' 1
girls and 338 boyij whe died from tha 1
age of 8 to that of IS years, no less thin '
than 53S (nearly three-fifths of inc whole) '
were nffected with tubrrc.les."
The mortality amongst women is grci'er!1
than that amongst men, no doubt in ir.
owing to their sedentary occupations audi
the consi quent deprivation ol ihe necessary'
amount of pure air, engendering a, eicliec- 1
tic siate of the system.
The same result is produced atmngst aj'
certnii class ol m-chanics, end from thai'
same cause Combined wilh the irritating 1 1
nature of their employment.
The cmses of consumption are far too'1
Rilin.rous to admit ot any thing but a pas-;
sing allusion, ji they will be considered in 1 1
detail on a iuture occasion. Our present!'
object is to draw thi attention of the pub-1
lie to the feet of the jgreat j revaiiiue ol 1
tiiis tearful disease at ,an age which hae 1
been considered us lit'le subject to its in- '
fluence, Tne remarkable tendency to the 1
deposition of tubercles in Infancy and child- 1
hood, is owing to semethiug more than;)
their inability to resist the influences whicnj1
tenJ to the production of disease compared I1
with adult age, and it cannnt be doubted ' '
that one of its most prevalent causes is!1
the absured system of clothing adopted by
mothers of iheir c iildren.
With all the advantages of adult vigour, 1
we deem it n'eess.ry to protect our bodies,!'
und particularly our lungs, by the Warmest 1
apparel; and experience proves that those
who do not do so, are doubly liable to hi-'
fer from the ever varying temperature ol the
Not so with poor children their irtstin- !
ols, were ihey able, are not permitted to
exert their saiuiary monitions, but inteud
thereof, that part of Iheir bodies which of
all others is the least able lo resist the
influence of cold and variations of tem
perature is suffered to go ecntirely unpro
tected, and Ihus their health, and too often
their lives are sacrificed to the idwl of '
fa then i
Tuere can be no doubt that the cruel
exposure of so large portion of the chest
and limbs, is the real cause of the great
prevalence, and lataliiy of consumption in
infants and young children. Hunter's Med.
New York. Doc. 11 The U. S. District
! Attorney received information from the Pre
' sidant concerning the filibuster movements
land invision of Nicaragua, with instructions
! to take prompt measures for its eupppre.
A Business Sketch of a Business.
We copy tha following ketch ef tbe life
of a very xtraordintiry man, frorr. an edi
torial in N. V. Sun:
"Al an lllustratlcn business tact and
talent, ne nisy point tu the csreer of I'io
r HoUMWAT, the proprietor of the
most popular med. i ins of the age. The
rise and progress of this extraordinary tt.in
have had no parallel dur.ng the pre si ut
century. He has vi;itod nearly ev-iy
Court in Ettrepe, and obtained permissio ,
for the sale or his preparstions from
ID t of the crowned heads of the Oil
World. The quern of Spain and Portugal,
the kings of Naples an 1 Sardinia, granted
bun audiences; and in St. Petersburg, whieh
city l.e visited a short time before the
commencement of the war' he was treated
mirktd e jnslderation by the late
Crar and the n ibiliiy.
"Truvelling in m elegant private csrr.
a ;, attended by a c- urier, his equipsg
..iu-vu uie iiii'jii I J ,,ic IV II aiiw l.l6
;es ihnugh which he piseeJ. The ho:e. .
ii. ere he lodged were besieged br per-:,j
if ti.e fret distinction, u i tbi best sos.
in the continent courted his acquaintsr: .
Tne su jc'. of these remarks ia unquest
ionably an ambitions man, and h a skill
nd enterprise hate placed him fir in id
anr.e of ail his predecessors and contem
loraries in the same profession. I!c ste. .
lone; and the fact that he cm Maintain
iis high position, despite the interested
issnidis of envy ami presumption, mens
hai his medicines have an intrinsic Mine,
vhich the world understands and apr.
"The sums expended in advertising by
'roies.ior HollowaT would be incredible
f th-jy were not aiiiru-otlatcd by bit boofts.
His payments to l e prrs3 range from
51.00,000 lo 9100,000 per annum. Thtrs
s no printed language m Which his edvei
.isctiieii's do not appear.
l.i- ramifications of his buiiness arte:.
ro:n tlte focal point his vast establish-
ueut in the Strand, Lundor- over the wholu
ace of the earth.
'Tills cxtruoriiiaary man is now in this
:oun.ry in this city. The TiiJune, io a
jst tribute to hs matchle.s enteaprue,
ays, that having, like Alexander subdued
he O.d World, ho is now preparing to
onquer the .Tsui.
'Trosessor HuttLOtVAff his not beea
empted hither by a thirst for gain for
lis wealth is suffidttnt to satisfy the most
xieant worshipper of mimmeu but by a
ihilanthropie desire to extend the pentfil
if his medicines among a people whos
iharacter he admires. Everybody is, of
iourse , anxious to sej t'ne greatest adver
ser in the world. In a very short period,
he American repn'alion ot HoLWWiv's
'Ills nnd IIoLLowAr,s Ointment will rtrel
heir Luropoan lame "
Good OOUrtSEt. It is Bo', by mere etuily,
jy tbe mere accumu ation ot knowledge,
.hat you can hope or emineace, Mental
iiscipline, the exercise of the laculii.'a of
,hc mind, tho quickening ul your apprehen
sion, the strengthening of your memory,
the iwrnimg of sound, staid, and discrioiin
iling judgment, are of even more Import
nice nun tne store of learning. Pract'co
ho economy ol lime. Consider lime, liko
.:: Faculties of your Blind, a precious estsie;
hat every moment l it Well applied is put
UI trj n:t exorbitant interest. The sest oj
imusement Itself, and the uec a ul resmt
;f op. location, depend, in a great meassr ,
jpon economy ol tiu.e. Estimate, alto, lore;
if habit. Exercise a constant, an unreun -tin
vigilance of ihe acquirement of hti'. ,
in matters that tre apparently of entire i..
liferenec t .at, perhaps, aie really so, u -lependent
of the babiti i-.-y engender, i.
is by ihe neglees ot inch iriflei that bed
isbiti are acquired, cud tint the mind, by
tolerating negligence and prucrastinatior.
n matten of email uvauat, but frequei .
xuturrence matters of which the wor, :
takes uti iwucd becomes eecustcmed to
the same defects in matter! of hih-'r im
portance. By motive! yet wore urgent, bj
libber and purer asp rations, by the dut ,
j: ebedience lu in-- wiii of God, by tii
iwful account you will have to render, not
:n rely ol moral c;io;.J, but. of facultie
nit rusted o yeu lor improvement by all
ihese high arguments ai I conjure you "SO
to number your d ys. thai you mty apply
,-our heart unto, wisdom" unto that wis
Joiii which, directing Voiir ambi'ion to t'n-
noble end of beneritln.g mankind, and leadi
ng humble reliance on the merits and on
he merey of your Redeemer, may Jsupp ir.
fOU iii the "time of your wealth," and in
-the hour oi death, and in the day of jui ;
ment," may comfort you with hepe Oi
li. erance. Sir Robtrt el.
What's Ur! Tne Statesman of Ssturday
In speak ng of the action of tne Locofoco
State Central Committee on Thanksgiving
D y yes, Thanksgiving Day they met in
.pile of their own Governor's proclamation
says thai the resolution passed at the
meeting "wos found in a wrapper in our
uffice. We regrctt' d thut we did not are
any them, as no member of that commit
lec lesidts in this city."
Time was, when the State Central Con:
mittce of ihe Locofoco parly would, up o
sn i-1 an occasion, have called upo.i tbe "olj
Wheel horse," it for no other reason than
to parluke of his fodder. But this is an
ungrateful, wicked world, and, as times
change, men, particularly LjcoI'ocos, change
with tl.em. Jturnal.
The new British commander in the Crimee
Oen. Sir Wm. Codrirgion, ii In his 60t!i
year. He saw his first active service in the
field during the recent campsigns in that re
giou. He is a son of the i-elebrated Admiral
Codrlngton, who commanded the British i.svy
at the battle of Navatinn