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' t POORMAN. '
- brVIOW-M Montr Hall naUrling,.
; e Iww nr laaa " CJaurt Huum.
..... . n" a'iniMH i
iat maewUMr, set anaant, (II pal. wltkla Ik
6, T; SI 0
i Ml aoi. wltkta Ike fear (XI
lab of Si., a., (piU in drama.) t ln
, IENe)dH.milnudnlilll.rrer.(r .repaid,
MMft el Um epuoa ol I La publisber.
A.. E. WELLS,
Attorney at Law,
MARTIN'S FERRY, BEL CO. 0.
ILL fttu4 to collecting mud Moritif I tint.
D. D. T. COWEN,
Attorney at Law,
ST. CLAIRSVILLE, 0.
CK efvpeille Ik Uwlt Houm, Mid r Troll'l
CX)WEN & HOGE,
A.ttomeys at Law
- vVTt CLAIR8VILLK, O.
OfPtCB mIii Ik Lewi. Houm, nd Troll'l
Dr. John Alexander.
, MX. CLAIR8V1LLK, OHIO.
TVFFICB AND RESIDENCE In Ik Bemiiierjr prop-
v art, WMlend ol town, w
MMJYT tf JW1GL.E.
St. Clalrsvllle, Oblo,
HATS ON HAND A FULL ASSORTMENT
CltOii, Canlmerei A, Testing J.
Vrkiek tfcey will make to order in lh iteete.1 elyl aiul on
I reaoonakle term.
tlTIR TALLMAN HENRY TOPPING.
TAIXlrlAN Jt TOPPING,
Attorneys & Counselors at Law
Mmlicitor in Chancery,
' ST. CLAIRSVILLE, 0.
OFFICE doors lttut of lh- Court Houm.
DR. C. THOMAS,1
SI Clalriville, Ohio.
LaU Thoiruu 6 CollCni. )
TT ATIIt porehwd iho Interost of my late pinner
in too iionial business, ami having permanently Ic
aud in ihie plate, 1 would respectfully announce that
in ihio plat, I
M ouu prepared 10 i
till or snared to mi
irfonn all operation pertaiintif to
My profession in Iho lales! improvotl stylo, aud on the
u. wm warranted to give satisfaction.
Ornca on Main Street, opposite Kline1 8ior.
R. J. W. FISHER,
;Vi. !" MtEJTTMST,
HATING penaan.nllrlor.Kd In 9T CLAIRSVILLG,
would reepeelfullT announce lhat ho ie,f5sryaV
areparea l perioral 041 opereueu. peruunuigro
la ale arafauien.
. 07 All work warranted to oiva taliafaclion.
VFftCB a few aoonUau 01 iho National Hotel, aud
Mad appooito Ika Chiouiel oilioe. M
: k' "' tIALSB IN
BOOTS fc SHOES.
a. 1S9, Main Street,
(Oppoetl Monro Hon,)
fc , WHEKLINO, VA.
RHODES WM. rTARFIELD.
Rhodes & Wrfleld,
'1 (Stteocttort to P los k Fro.)
JFBODI7CE A C'09I9IIS8IOIf -
mrw Bridgeport, Ohio,
Teeth! Teeth!! Teeth!!!
' DR. J. S. ELT, .
TTATINO armnnlW local.d in Bomerton
XX BtlmOHlC., Ohio, anuounoo. that ha i. prepared lo
orform all operation, pertaining to Buraical or Mr-chan
Taal Dendetrr. ADTlFIUiAL TUKTkt iHoonml either
-lifla.lk Moot t,ot witk continuou. Gutna oil OOI.U.
U.VER, r f LATIN A PLATB, ia a neal,ub.lantial
Mjiiier. mnA warranted to it.
' Bf koopina uu with lh. ImproTemenl. of lh daf. In
4WBoeMamibe patronage of the public. fe?
X. J. BA0KM...J. T. BA0O8...A. J. BAOOS.
National Planing Mills
nit i litmiber Yard.
St; . BACiS ft. SOWS, Propr'i,
Vl ANVPACTURP.WI of Door., 8.h. Vonitian Shal
4TX tara and Monldint.. Door and Window Frame.,
. Muwoa Floarlnitt Weaiherboardiriir and Shelving, Flaa-
y ring 1
loathe, and tfuildera Materials in genera1.
tjraora y mail promptly aitenueu to.
M. J. W. GLOVER.
-ATTORNEY AT LAW
v'."i.' Motary Public.
,J)a,imOVLAK aiualion paid lo the aettlement of ea-
rowere'Oi- Airaniev ana outer conveyancing
Igmenu of deed., Po
OrTlOfi tia-auiraoeer Colltiu)1 Drug Btor.
JiUxkins, Branum & Co.,
iProdnce and Commission
. u -t 1 AND DIALXM IN
Jrn, JYuiU, GlagB, JTc
rt ' BIlIDQKlPOnT, OHIO
jiitfi BEtAIRE, OHIO.' ,
' J" Ju CtOK, Proprtet r. '
J v.!TJl , 'fLai of Lauaatar, Ohio.) '
! mOB.at i. iltaatod between lha dapou
J tao CaiilraJ oaio, Baiurooreanu uiiiosanotaeuiave
mod an. fiiuhurga Rail Reade. Tk ProprMloc kaa
W Hoaoa and (Wa furaltur. in ireMlao. order. He
Vraparwl aoeoaunoaaio Ike ratrUn pabiia at i
i. aimumat p TnaajJo-roa; ' ',
er, Separator & Cleaner
law.. Horoa Power, Alaa, to Okie OpTiuablbur
" 'l-nT-esnintr rjaonines.
, ,$, . ah. . Horn Power,
I i. AXTINJ RUI, BekCo.O
' ' ' ' ' ' ' '
Established in 1813.
ST. CLAIRSVILL1S, OHIO, FKBRUARY C,1802.
New SerieH" Vol. f2, No. 1.
Business Cards. Selected Poetry.
BY JAMES G. PERCIVAL.
TMre ore monwntt In life that are never fnrrot.
Which britfliten and tirifthieii at time slips away.
They aie a new chnrm to the hanpieii lot,
Aud they shine on the gloom of Hie loneliest day.
These momeuit are hallowed hy ntnilet and by tan
The first look of love, end tbf last panint- given f
As the sun, in the dawn of his nlory, appears.
And the rloud weepa and ( Jowa with the rainbow in
There 'are hours, there are minute. whlih memory hrlnft,
Like hlossonis of Man, io twine round the heart (
And at lime rushes by on the miirht of his wings,
They may darken a while, butiheyneverdepant
Oh I thee hallowed rrmem'jranees cannot demy,
Hut they eome on the soul with a msiriea, thrill :
And in days that are derkem they kindly will stay.
And the heart, tu lu last throb, will beat with them Hilt
They eome, like the dawn ttt It imtlrteaa, ftofa
The Mm lunk of bnAUtv lhat ahnl la mv mauit
The anows of Ibe mountain are blrsehmt un her broWf
And bor eyes ia the blue of the irmamn( roil.
The rosee are dint by her cheeks' livinjf bloom.
And her eoral lint part like the opening of flower
She moves through the air In a cloud of perfume,
Like the wind from the blossoms of jessamine bower .
Prom her eye's melting aaure there sparkles a flume
Thai kindled my young blood io ecstasy's ak
She spenks and the tones of her voice are the
As would once, like the wind-harp, in melody tlowj
Thftt touoh, as her Hand meets and mingles with mine,
Shoots along to my heart with electrical thrill;
Twa a moment for earth too supremely divine,
And while life lasts, its sweetness will cling to ma still,
We met and wo drank from the ryutt line well
That flows front the fountain ol science above;
On tlie beauties of thought we would silently dwell.
Till we looked, though we never were talking of (ova.
We parted the tear glistened bright in her eye.
And her melting hand shook ne I dropped it forever,
Oh ! that moment will always be hovering by
Life may frown, but its light shall abandon me nevei.
Confession of a Tea-Kettle:
a Hint to Housewives.
everj'body eay. man be true, especially what
every lady says. Now, what every lady raid
was this, that I was a "love of a tea-kettle."
I'm not a vain kettle ; and, although I say
it, in n v youth I tciu pretty. Ah I yon may
l(th, but you'll be old some day, depend
Well, I promised yon my history, and now
I'll tell it, if you'll only listen.
I was made of copper, and no sooner was
the last polish put upon me, than inv owner.
.furnishing ironmonger, placed me in aenn-
epienous position in bis shop-window. My
bright appearance and neat shape very soon
attracted the attention of oassers-bv. Everv
one admired me, and some pleased me by
openly expressing their admiration. One
day, a young lady evidently newly married
declared 1 was a "love of a tea-kettle,"
and having: satisfied the ironmonzer as to
his demand for me, requested I should be
forthwith sent to her house. Home I went,
and had the satisfaction of hearing both the
cook and the housemnid speak favorably
ot mx apperarme ;t and that's, great thing,
mind, for kettle. I was very comfortable
in -my new abode, and every evening, when
Oiled witn water, pure and soil, and piaoed
nnon the hob bv the side of a cheerful fire.
soon sang away to my master and mistross's
satisfaction, and my own eontenu
All went smoothly on, nntil one day my
master having received an appointment
abroad, resolved to dispose ot his household
goods, myself among the rest. A lady re
siding in a neighboring village purchased
me. and I was soon packed off. Somehow
or other I speedily found that, although the
water I was aow daily filled with was clear
and bright mora sparkling indeed than
that I had been accustomed to it made me
feel very uncomfortable about my stomach,
accompanied with a tight sort of feeling, and
a thickening of mv inside, together with a
great disinclination, to boil and sing as I was
My mistress constantly complained of me ;
and as for the cook, she was cositivelv rude.
for on more than one occasion she vhnok her
fist at me and exclaimed,. 'Drat that kettle,
'twill nnvnr ViSIa!" Mv ailment increased.
and I continued to get worse) and my owner
requested the cook to call in a doctor. A
smith, residing hard-by, was my medical at
tendant, and he undertook to effect mv cure.
He saw at onoe that it was not mv fault I
did not boil, that I was coated inside with
substance foreign to my nature, which he
termed "furr." Taking me to his smithy,
he set to work with hammer and chisel, and
spcedly removed the cause ot all my trou
bles. But, oh, the remedy was as bad as the
disease ; my poor sides were so battered and
bruised that I folt sure that when I reached
home Iashould be dismissed to the kitchen,
and nevermore be summoned to the tidy
parlor fire; and, moreover, one small hole
was knocked right through me, which pain
ed me much; that, however. Was patched
np, and, as I didn t complain, no one no
ticed it Although the "furr" was removed,
I was left very rough in B17 inside, and be
ing onoe more brought into daily requisition,
soon became as bad as ever Neighbors were
consulted, and all sorts of remedies proposed
for my cure : one, that potato peelings were
to be boiled in me ; another, a marble, and
so forth ; but no good came of them, and I
continued to set so bad and eloesed w with
"furr," instead of holding three quarts,
hardly contain as many pints. One day,
traveling tinker happened to pass tnrougn
our villaee : he was a Inmiaoioua fellow, and
soon made the acquaintance of my mistress's
cook; she happened to mention me to nun,
and he undertook to nnt me to right in
half an honr. -In an evil moment for her
she parted . with ma, and next day I was
miles away, in a large manufacturing town,
never more to return, for the tinker was not
eenstomed to the method of business ao
eordini' to the rule of mnum and ruum. He
soon sold me for half my weight's value to
chemist, who, taking off my lid xolaimed,
-'Ah, my poor fellow I you've been badly
need, 1 ean see. "
His svmnathiiini tone indnoed me to ones
my heart to bira, and tell him my whole
, ' . .1. o .
nieiory inim me very urwt, i-.i..
"I see how it is." said he. "but we'll
soon have it all right. J. andorstand you to
say, that the water yon were first supplied
with seemed very pure and soft, though not
so sparkling and bright as that yon were
filled with Dyvour second owner. Well,
that is quite in accordance with ohemioal
facts: the water from the pomp of your
second mistress owed its brilliancy to the
quantity of lime it held in solution. Rain
water.1 oaocht in olean vessels awav from
large towns, is the purest Water that ean be
procured, without resorting : to artificial
mean. and thU, although port, will no
sparkle as spring-water, for the reason that
it contains no lime or saline matter rtoasenr
ing the power of refracting light l'he wa
ter used by your first mistress contained lit
tle or no lime, and all went on well. You
see. the old proverb, "not to trust too much
to appearance," will apply to water as well
as to men. But how came it that bright
and sparkling water caused such a distur
bance of your stomsch, and coated your in
side with 'furr' nearly an inch thick?"
asked my new master.
Of course I oould not say ; and so he con
"I II toll yon. The water used at the
house of your second mistress contained
Koodlv Quantity of lime carbonate of lime.
or chalk dissolved during its percolation or
toe earth-.this.trom Its oertect solution, would
-ranWirrai4itngf Now. wry good frteed.
yon Dave helped to enliven many Christ
mas party with the hot water yon have sup
plied, and cannot have failed to observe
that when the guest, were mixing their tod
dy, how much sooner the sugar dissolved in
hot water than in cold : so it is with sub
stances generally; they are more readily
soluble to hot fluids than in cold."
"Yes, I've remarked that, sir," Mid I:
a "Lime, however, is an exception ; at or
dinary temperature a pint of water will dis
solve fully elevon grains of lime, while at
its boiling point the same quantity will not
take up seven. Of this water, bright and
brilliant, and tully saturated with lime, or
its carbonate, you were daily filled, and as it
became hotter and hotter, down and down
went the lime, leaving day by day an addi
tional coat on your poor sides and as a very
small snowball will, when set in motion, in
crease to a monster, so the continued daily
film of liir.y deposit increased to an incon
venient and uncomfortable thickness, and
ultimately brought you to grief, for this
thick deposit, or 'furr, ' by reason of its be
ing a bad conductor of beat, prevented its
passage through you to the water ; it would
not boil, and you got blamed."
"You know best, sir, and no doubt it is
as you say," was all I oould give utterance
"But to the point," he continued. "Yon
are nearly half-full ot this troublesome stuff,
and no doubt all eood housewives will re-
joico to learn an easy remedy. This limy
deposit, though hard, and troublesome to re
move by hammer and chisel, is easily got
rid of by chemical agency. Hydrochlorio
acid" (Giving a wince at this hard name,
my master noticed it and said, "Don't be
alarmed, it ia commonly called spirits of
salts, J will remove the cause 01 all your
troubles in a very few minutes, without in
jury to yourself ; and that we'll at onoe
Acoordingly, my good master sent to a
druggist a bottle, and procured half a pound
of spirits of salts, costing but a few nence :
ho placed me in the open air, and having
diluted the spirit with a pint or so ot wa
ter, poured into me. Uh, what a commo
tion t gal wrodnoa t vl-mn -oaw
really I was alarmed at the effervescence
thst took place within me, but a. in a mo
ment the "furr" began to get less and less,
I felt relieved, and my spirits began to rise
accordingly. My master shook me about
now and then, taking care, 1 observed, to
avoid the fumes that arose, and in a few
minutes exclaimed, "All right, old fellow,
lean see your copper: now you'll do.
Come with me to the pnmp, and .douche
will set you quite to tights. ' For ten min
utes I was under hydropathic treatment
such as patients at Ben Rhydding; or Mal
vern rarely experience and 1 was well as
1 am now happy to tell I lave never had
, -, j , ...
reiapie 01 my om oompiainr, am nappy as
the day is long, and sing as readily as ever.
The Old Fashioned Fender.
If there is a lady in the room It is ten to
one that she is sitting very near the fire.
and it is ten thousand to one that the dress
bulpesout toward it, urged by tho expanding
nature of the steel bands which lie conooalad
beneath its folds. ' As you look from these
folds to the fire, and from the fire to the
folds again, you are struck hy the awfully
short space between them, and yon instinct
lvely request your fair companion to move
her apparel out of harm's way, upon which
she pats her dress down onoe or twice, as
suring yon that it is all quite safe ; but in
truth there was reason tor the apprehensions.
That two such dangerous companions as that
combustible dress and that leaping, roaring
flame, should be so near together, with no
sentinel to mount guard between them, is a
legitimate cause for apprehension, whatever
may be said to the contrary. What has be
come of the old fashioned fender? It used
to mount up almost waist high. The lower
half of it was of perforated sine or iron paint
ed green, and above this rose tour or nve
perpendicular brass rods, with a brass bar.
which thev sustained, placed transversely
along the tops of them. This was a fender,
or do-fender, worthy of the name, and it may
be seen in our nurseries.
But what has the fender in our sitting
room dwindled down to?' It has got annu
ally lower and lower, till now it is aa nearly
as mav be flat and level with the hearth, a
mero receptacle for the fire arms, and a sort
of finikh to the general effect of the stove
setting. A lady's dress sweeps over it and
into the fire as easily as if there was nothing
there stall. Ine thing happened only 1
short time since, as a ladv was standing- talk.
ing to an invalid who lay on the sofa drawn
around to the tire, is there no way of set
ting back the old fender? Or. if the laws
of fashion forbid this, why not have a guard
perpetually over the fire ? It need not be
like the present fire guard, which has an un
comfortable look, and has to be moved when
ever the fire is poked. Four or five brass
bars descending in a curve from the ton of
the arate-arch to the hearth would serve
every purpose of fencing in the fire, and
would neither be unsightly nor inconvenient
Thev would be so far anait that not only
could the fire be poked between1 them, but
the enal scoon. full of coals, oould be intro
dnoed without the removal of the guard.
I All the Xearilound.
A IINOLI snow-flake who eares for it?
But whole day of snow-flakes, obliterating
the landmarks, drifting over the doors,
gathering on the mountains to erash in ava
lanches who doe. not care for that? Pn
vale opinion i. weak, but publio opinion, i.
It i said that it will be the aim of Minis
I ter Cameron to org upon Russia an alli.no.
on.nstve od defensive with tbi ooontry.
Col. James A. Garfield.
The recent brilliant successes of Colonel
Garfield in Kastorn Kentucky are the subject
of niuch comment in the Eaatnra papers,
and account, of his early lifo are abundant.
A Western correspondent of the Boston
GsJiotte furnishes the following sketch :
Col. Garfield was born of respectable pa
rents, in Cuyahntra County, Ohio, in 1831.
making him at the present time thirty-one
years ot age. In Ins early years ot boyhood
he formed so strong a lor for horses, and
indenendent control of his actions, that he
ran away from home and became driver
on the canal. Possessing remarkable strength
and physical endurance, with no small
amount of ombative spirit, he soon became
titnousa Btiouiier bitter.' 'whipping
.11 opponewho were mrtomJl&
own ace. and becoming terra
and becoming terra to the
quarrelsome rowdies who had previously
ruled the ditch.
Dunns the hieht of this wild career he
attended revival meeting, became convert
ed, found new and wealthy friends, who
supplied him with funds to attend college,
and in 1856 he graduated at Williams Col
lege, Mass., with the highest honors.
Returning to Ohio, he at once became
settled as a clergyman and President of the
college at Hiram. Portage county. He bore
became so popuiar as an eloquent divine, as
lecturer belore lyccums, and as a profound
scholar, thst the success of his school was
without precedent in the State.
Two years ago he was elected by an over
whelming majority as member of the
State Senate, where be at onoe rose to the
highest degree of popularity by his brilliant
oratory and sound statesmanship. Just be
fore the commencement of the presont war
he withdrew from the college at Hiram and
commenced the practice of law, but at the
first call for troops he at once entered the
field, and rallied around him some of the
ablest boys to be found in the Buckeye
Col. Garfield stands five fect nine and
half inches in his stockings, weighs one hun
dred and ninety pounds, has pair of large
blue eyes, yellowish white Greeley hair,
large expressive mouth, the outlines of
which denote both good nature and unswer
ving determination, and is withal what the
ladies have always called "handsome
It was prophesied at once after his enlist
ment that, "let Rev. Mr. Gurfiold have
chance at the rebels, and he would die in
the field or win a victory." He has had
his "chanoe," and the victory has been won.
It has been olaimed by some of his friends
for number of years that he was the
strongest man in Ohio, if not in the United
States, and toe touowing anecdote is related
of him as illustrative of his wonderful mus
cular ability. It is said that at one of his
out-door religious meetings, while he was
eloquently portraying the patience of Job,
t - tnrwitad.rlov who. hvl -long -been
I the terror of the county, and had broken
up a number ot meetings, Icapei into the
circle of weeping Christians, and with
wild Indian war-whoop exclaimed, "I'm
ready for a fight 1 If yor white-headed
minister is so mighty strong as yer talk of,
let him jumphis length infertile old hyena!"
Without evincing the slifhe.-t sneer, Mr.
Garfield exclaimed, "Yes, my friends, Job
was pattern of patience, and yet if he was
here at the present moment. I doubt not
he would do as I am nhout to " and walk-
ins un to the bully, with a movement almost
as quck as liclitnintr, he turned him half
way round, knocked off hiscap. and, grasp
ing him by the hair, hoisted bun at ami
length from the ground as easily as if he
bad been an infant Tha fellow being
coward as nil rowdies are was almost
frightened to death, and serennieu out in tho
most frantio manner. "Let go thy har!
For God's sako let go! I'll never trouble
you nfiin I Let go my 7nr " After mak
ing the fellow promise to occupy a front seat
during the rest of the meeting,-. JUr-Gar-l
Held let him (Iran, it is needless to say
that out-door meetings in that section were
never afterward disturbed, it Kov. Mr.
Garfield was the clergyman present
Napoleon's Coat of Mail.
J ust before Napoleon set out for Belgium,
(before the battle of Waterloo) he sent for
the cleverest artisan ot his class in Paris,
and demanded of him whether he would
engage to make a coat of mail' to be worn
under the ordinary dress, wbiob should
absolutely bullet-proof ; and that, if so,
might name his own price for such a work.
The man engaged to make the desired ob
ject, if allowed proper time, and he named
eighteen thousand tranc seven hundred
and twenty pounds sterling) aa the price
it. The bargain was concluded, and in due
time the work was produced, and the artisan
was honored with a second audience of the
Emperor. "Now. said his imperial ma-
ee'y, put it on. Ihemandidso. As
am to stake mv life on it effioacv. you
will, I suppose, have no objection to do the
name I" and he took a brace of pistols, and
prepared to discharge one at the treast
the astonished artist, inure was no retreat
ing, however, and. half dead with fear,
stood the fire; and, to the infinite credit
his work, with perfect impunity. But the
Emporor was not content with on. trial.
He fired the second pistol at the back of the
artist, and afterward discharged fowling-
piece at another part of him with 1 similar
effuct . "Well," said the Emperor, "you
have nroduoed a capital work, undoubtedly.
What is to bath, price of it?" Eighteen
thousand franca were named as the agreed
sum. ''There ia an order for them," said
the Emperor ;; "and there ia another for
qua! .urn, forth fright I have given yon."
' 1 A Prxachkb Advice. Lorenio Dow
one olosed disobutee with the fallowing
language, which ia as singular for its quaint
ness as practical inr its advice : "I want you,
my young sinners, to kiss and get married,
and devote your time to morality and. money
making. Then' let your home be provided
with such necessaries and comforts a piety,
pickles, pots and kettles, bruhesj.. brooms
and benevolence, bread, virtues ;wlne. 'and
wisdom. Have these always on hatnl,
happiness will bo. with you, 10 not drink
anything intoxicating, eat moderately,
about business after breakfast, lounge
litttle after dinner, chat after tea. ana
after quarrelling. Then' all the joy.
peace, and bliss this earth can' afford, .ball
be yours until the grave closes over you,
your spirits are borne to a brighter and nap
pier world."' , " , .. .
Why the War Should be Short.
Why the War Should be Short. [From the N. Y. Pon.]
It is occasionally remarked that we nhould
prepare oanHve for a long war, and that
it is folly to think of putting down the rebel-1
11011 py a snarp and quick blow. J en years,
it is said, this struggle may last ; and we are
advised that it is tlm tart of wisdom to mak.
up our minds for duration of hosti itios at I
least an long as the War of th Revolution.
t We believe these ideas not only wrong, '
but misohievoae. Tncr are man? reason .
why the struggle should be made as short '
as risible; iml there is no reason why it
should drag along for years to waste our -
substanoe and divert ou? energies Iron, the
wholesome channels of peacesblo industry, i
r. ; . . . 'U
tbe future by tha
ins a minaae ro luoge or too progress ot
at of the past In the last!
we are now ready to make war. There was
a time for patient preparation ; it i. now
time for an energetic use of our immense
material. Certainly, lack of strength can
not be given as reason for prolonged
struggle. We have probably 100,000 more
.1 ..11 -1. . . 1 , 1 1
uioii hi 1 no ubiu in.i ine enrmy, ana wnue 1
our forces can be increased at once and !
without difficulty at any point the enemy
ir una via w iiiuvv in;) nriuies win unyiuinjc
like thenuickr.es. he will nirl fr .nnrL-f.,1
Why. then, should the war last long?-
Why should it not.be short and sharp, as
General MoClellan has severs! times prom
ised ? It is absurd to expect that we can
either starve out or weary out the rebels ;
nor would it be advisable to attempt this
were it possible. The southern aristocrats
forced the war npon us, from the conviction
that the northern freemen were merely "cow
ardly mudsills," and their arrogance can be
thoroughly cured only by free application
of the bayonet. Moreover, all history proves
that a rebellion grows more robust with
every day it is permitted to exist. That
which a regiment of regalars oould have
quelled a year ago without firing a gun, six
nunnred thousand men are now barely hold
ing in check. What force will be needed
to put it down in another year?
To delay vigorous measures is to strength
en the rebels in several way. Our defence
less condition has already roused the cupid
ity and ambition of European nations, and
nothing is more certain than that a very few
months at farthest will, if we have not in
the meantime pushed the war forward to
some decisive successes, bring about an al
liance of some kind between our enemy and
England and France. Again, the longer
the rebellion's government is suffered to ex
ist, the more will it gather to itself the mor
al support of the conservative sentiment in
the South. That large part of the popula
tion which is constitutionally averse to
chango, and which at first looked coldly up
on tho rebel movement, becomes daily more
reconciled to the existing state of things, and
will presently regard the re-establishment of
federal authority as another change from
an fcitablishetf "ObJef of affairs.' Again,
many of the disabilities under which the
insurgents have labored they are getting the
better of. They can equip and reed an army
more easily next year man now. Their
manufactures are improving fast. Their
wheat crop will be va.tly greater than the
last. In this regard, as in all others, they
1.. : 1 - 1 .: p.:ir
can uuiy guiu ujr ruiuiigiiiiutl Ol UOBllll-
But there is a reason mere powerful than
anv of these : and that is the iniiirv wViinh
will he done to t lie national habits and tone
by a long war. Wo era o-da.v tho most
peaceful people on the face of the earth
ten years, or even five years' of civil war
would materially, and we believe injuriously.
effect the future of our people. It would
wean our young men from the love of peace
ful industry and enterprise, and turn their
thoughts and hopes to deeds of arms. It
would so divert certain branches of industry
from their natural channels as to make it the
interest of a large class to keep un a warlike
establishment. - It would deaden within ns.
to a certain extent that respect for law
which De Tocqueville noticed as one of the
most remarkablecharacteristies of American
society, and which, as he says, enables us to
maintain law by the mere farce ot publio
It was by prompt and unintermitted blows
that the Sepoy rebellion was put down.
From the day when the Kntisuweru ahle to
assume tho offensive the adherents of Nena
Sahib were pressed unceasingly and at all
points. In that desperate struggle no bat
tle stands alone no commander came home
with despatches the fight to-day was but
a prelude to that ot to-morrow. It was by
such a swift succession of blows that the
morale of the Sepoy movement was broken
down ano wnen tnat was done tne reoei
lion was virtually crushed. Can we afferd
to do differently with our ScpovsT It is
true the British were not only prompt but
savagely energetic. They slew the enemy
without mercy. They gave peace and pro
tection to all who aided them, and who re
mained auiet at home, but they soared not
either life or property of those who were in
arms against them ; and the verdict of the
world was that they thereby saved great
ana populous region irom tne most cruel
and wasteful bloodshed and destruction.
Had they stood dillydallying and discussing
the best way to put an end to the war with'
out seriously hurting the enemy or aliena
ting the affections or the population. Wens
Sahib would have laid waste province after
1 . T ' .1 i , I 1
province, f u st as Davis and his helpers have
devastated Missouri, Virginia and parts of
Kentucky, destroying important publie 1m-
Erovements, robbing and murdering peacea
le eiticens, and breaking up every branch
of industry in the fated sections.
But it is said, wo are nnt yet ready ; our
greatest army is but poorly trained ; they
are not such soldiers as a general can trust
to in an important action. Perhaps not ;
but do they improve in the quiet of the Po
tomac? Mostof therahave been longernn
dor arms than the men who hnv gained
victories in Virginia, at Bich. Mountain,
Carnifex Ferry. Belmont, Mill Spring and
in a dojen engagements in Missouri. Peo
ple wonder how the western men fight so
well, but clearly, the reason' is that they
have been trained io tho field and not in the
camp. The army in Western Virginia have
beonroe veteran, in th same time that the
army of the Potomac, if we are to believe
those who prophesy a long war, has become
lir.ua oerter man raw ronruue.
- .Ttrl Tievra I, ia said, liaa im imnl Tnv
enrl nrMtoTaai. hate. Hi vrwar. tiara la fnrl
the peace men ef the South : and hi. great
love is for the peace men of the North,' -
Ohio Ladies in the Senate Gallery.
jhe Waabingtoo correspondent of the
a...;.u fv 1 t t t:... -l;..i.
ZLZtCiJ P. ' " ' r
Tm- " h describes some of ,
lu" mvl aiinguisne occupants 01 me
gallerius of the Senate Chamber. Alluding
to tl. Diplomatic gallery, she says:
it :jj.k r , . ' . ,. .
i,"?'.8, 1 . f . '3 Vi. Athakl'
,mJZ' SiJ'J yo",hrul I?4
S.ery loT;1. i'u"hft of f,he "tary of the
lrTA . itS'fri Tf"? ?
lui?" uL.bck Te'V?t,i. richly tninmrl bas-
5 bi,ck ?e-T b" ' C r ?-f ?le
Mowers instda. lirescntino a fine rolipf l tho
r i S " r V
''"'Tf'u 1.ZL.7 ?"nl i10
""uuui vciiik uiamiuaiijf uanu-
course of guerts, as one gentleman said,
"with the dignity of a finished honsckee
er,' yet with an easeful grace and radiant
sweetness 01 manner which win the hearts
i-.it u m-n-, u
L.X ZtffJTt .i-f!'
A lady has iunt
entered who is a babitne of the gabery.
1 velvet cloak, and bat with
-, kl. t. i t
,he tw0 .whlU! T k'BS,n the wavy hair, I
r. t ' 1 1 . ..rV "V..: .L7J""t.
uA rteSrl V intfOtl f) I a. Ml tha ManaaiA I 'kem.
.V '."V, "..,, uf imp ner
lost her seat She looks down on her won
ted plase to see it occupied by the fortunates
who came before her. The fair brow con
tracts. Belle Smith is not the iady who
w lubes to lose her seat nor to sit in one that
does not please her. She walks the entire
length of the circular aisle of the gallery;
every seat is taken, the aisle itself is full
Belle Smith draws np her stately head,
turns and walks home.
Personal Appearance and Traits of
The new Secretary of War, Mr. Stanton,
is stout thick-set man. about five feet
eight inches high, and apparently about 40
years 01 age. xiair and beard very black,
the latter worn thick and long. His head
is set very erect on his shoulders, if any
thing, a little thrown back. His face round
and solid in expression, with blunt features.
His address is prompt and practice!, his
voice full, distinct and unmusical. He has
never studied the art of pleasing, and has
not the gift of paying compliments in con
versation. An exhibition of his thought
lessness in this regard waa manifested on
Monday, when the officers of the Army
called to pay their respect to him on his
induction into othce. An omoer well sprink
led with gray, but yet with quite a vigorous
step ana dear eye, wa. presented to Nr.
Stanton. The latter recognized him, and
shook him warmly by the hand, saying
rememoer you well. 1 saw yon many yean
ugv m-iicn yvu were u in prime oj we, ana
1- was little boy about so high." And the
new secretary measured with bis baud,
he tsid this, an imaginary lad of not over
ten years old. The sturdy old General
turned and walked off without a word in
reply, evidently not thinking himself so old
as Mr. Stanton .remark would have implied.
Washington Correspondent of the N.
A Noble Youth.
On Tuesday of last week. Lieut. Colonel
Von Trabne, of the 32d Indiana, who with
his men wreathed unfading honors round
tneir brows tbat day upon the battle held.
came off the ground the unfortunate loser of
SHOO. The money was found a eouple ot
days afterwards, by a youth of some
sixteen or seventeen years ot age. He
handed the money over to the captain. Not
long afterwards he was summoned to appear
in his captain a tent. 1 here were liieut
Col Von Trabras, his own captain, and sev
eral officers ; who expressed their approba
tion ot bis conduct. The Lieut Uol. draw
ing fifty dollars from his pocket, offered it
rl the rnnth. hnt hfl very TftsnAOrtullv.
though firmly, declined to receive it and
persisted in his refusal, stating that "he
did not wish to be paid for being honest."
How tlie brave heart, beat with responsive
thrills, and the light esteem, even affection.
danced in the eyes of those who listened to
the simple tale, and beard the boy great
But Lieut Col. Von Trabras would not
consent to receive such a favor without some
suitable acknowledgment and after ranch I
persuasion, the youth consented to take the
monoy as a mark of respect, and a moment)
of the occasion. His name is 1 Spaf-
ford, (we regret wo could not learn his first
name, ) and he is a member of Captain Cot
ter's Ohio battery comnany. .LLouisville
Wb learn that a troly remarkable corres
pondence, relating,, in good part, to affairs of
puMie interost though, ot course, not des
titute of those lighter and more charming
features which leod such graceful point to
the loiters of highly cultivated ladies of the
world, is regularly camea on netween inn.
James Oordon Bennett of this city and Mrs.
Lincoln of the White House. Mrs. Lin
coln's letters are spoken of by those who
have been favored with an occasional glimpse
at their pages as remarkable for shrewd
onservaiion, witty, yet gnou-narutwa satire,
and a most genuine spirit of patriotism.
Graceful gifts of flowers and other beautiful
trifles frequently accompany these moat
interesting missives ; ana for some time
past Mrs. Bennett has been weekly honored
with a superb bouquet from the Presidential
conservatory. We behave that Mr. Henri
Wikol has several times had the bouorof
being the bearer of these elegent tokens of
friendship. N. Y. Tribune, Jan. 29th.
Tobacco and Lowoetitt. A writer in
the Christian Ambassador says :
' Tlie accounts given bv vout eorrcsoon
dent, ot aged persons yet living, remind me
ot a veteran and bis holp-nieet, on whom
I called at Oswego. Mew i ork, last summer.
nis name is Peter Rnz.ill. He was horn in
Brooklyn, N. Y., in 1753, and consequently
is now quo bnndred ami eight years ot age I
He is living with a second wifo. who ia sev
enty-three years old. By bis first marriage
he had ntteen children, and by mi second
ten making in all twenty-five children. The
eldest child now living is eighty-two years
old. This aged friend enjoys comfortable
health, assits his neighbor, sight and hear-
ing goodj and has rued tobaooo one hundred
TERMS Or ADTMTIS11IOI
' " "" ' t
Owaqor, (km la, a laaa,) om or tkeo taaaa.
wtimi... . .........
rrypa-imi cm. mi
oooneyeaeau. paper lor...
& Miiiaa-w a.iaWeaa
f a .'oiw.ii at aar ., pot
am eareo4hir feat eaaaaMaV mm.
ffT Ad.eRlN-menu am aeenrnpanio. wttk
reFiumewinUiaMrw. entf law bid, au. alien
iy-S)racui. Nnriea. an. Dorau Cot eve Aattai
rtroirrr. once and a half tke rale, of otSJoary odeao
Old Members of the House.
are but eight members in th Hons
now who were members when th otlebra
ted Bank, contest for Speaker oocSrred, and
who have remained member continually
since: Morrill of Vermont; Snffinton of
Massachusetts; Covode, Hickman and
Grow, of Pnnsylvania ; Bingham of Ohio;
Colfax of Indians, and Washbnrne of Illi
nois. The active and influential part taken
by nearly all of these in the business of th
House of itself proves the importance of
continuing well-tried member from a dis
trict rather than constantly sending new
members here in thiir stead. Phofps of
Missouri, who is now the "father of th
House," (as the member who has served the
longest time continuously is called.) has not
taktn bis sent at this session, having appar
ently abandoned Congressional for military
blow A all of .th sH ntnrm msntanaeS -members
entered Congress torether (. moat
singular fact) io December, 1854, it is doubt
ful which one will be Phelph's suscessor a
"father of th. House" if Phelps is not re
elected, and if any of them should b. Mr.
Colfax is said to have declined the father-
snip,, whether he doe. a re-election or not,
the family being so large. Mr. Richardson,
of Illinois, ha come to be regsrdet.1 as the
leader of the Democrats, though he talk,
of resigning his scat before long and going
iuuj in, ueiu as sngaaier-uenerai. ine
place has been offered to him hv tho Proai.
dent nd he has signified hit purpose of
accepting it hy-and-bv. Mr. ValUndighara
is the leader of the white-feather Democrat
about tire in number, certainly not over
fight-Wash. Corres. N. Y. Post
Invisible writes as follows to the
oati Time. :
"Riding np from Bacon Creek yesterday,
I stopped at a house by the way-aide to get
a drink of water. While tying my hone, I
was approaohed hy a bare-footed, half-dressed
little boy, not. over seven year of aga
who asked me
"Hath ee got any 'backer?"
' Tobacco r ' was my response, "why
what do you want with tobacco?"
"I tew it"
"What! yon chew tobacco?"
"Yeth heap o' yet"
"I supposed the child was merely begging
tobacco for his mother', tmok. pipe, but on
entering the house learned that he had been
indulging in the habit for over year.
"His grand-pap larned him," said hi
mother, "and it worries him powerfully to
be without the weed."
'Don't you try to prevent him from usin
"Laws, no ! He mout a be doin' wua."
I gave the little devil a piece off my plug.
He put it in his mouth with avidity, and
tb.n strutted off as proud as a Turk in a
new turban. The incident almost pemra
ded m to discard the weed.
I.f a letter from the Hon. Joseph Holt to
Lieut. Gov. Stanton of Ohio, he use. the
following enthusiastic language respecting
the appointment of the Hon. Edwin M.
Stanton as Secretary of War, vix:
"The selection of the Hon. Edwin M.
Stanton as Secretary of War has occasioned
me unalloyed gratification. It is an im
mense stride in the direction of the sup
pression of the rebellion. So far as I ean
gather the popular sentiment there is every
where rejoicing over the appointment ; buf
that rejoicing would be far greater did tha
peoplo know, as 1 do, the courage, th loy
alty, and the genius ot the new Secretary.
as displayed in the intensely tragio struggle
tbat marked the closing days of the last Ad
ministration. He is a great man intellectu
ally and morally a patriot of the true Ro
man stamp, who will grannie with treason
as the lion grapples with his prey. We
may rest well assured that all that man ean
do will, in his present position, be done to
deliver our poor, bleeding country from the
bayonets ot traitors now lilted against its
Unnatural Punishment in the Rebel
The time wben the cat-o'-nine tails waa
the instrument of naval discipline, and sol
diers strapped to the ground and their back.
m.ngiea witn in. scourge, nave passed, io
ns at least, into the tradition of another re
e ration. We are shocked, however, to near
that a punishment has been invented in our
army which surpasses th horrors of tha
scourge, & has borrowed its snggestioQ from.
the punishments or the Inquisition. It U
th (httmk torture. The mode of punishment
is to hang the soldier by straps on the thumb,
so that his toes may scnreely tench the
ground, and the weight of his body dopepd
from the strained ligaments. We are in
formed, by testimony that does not admit
of question, that this horrid punishment has
been practiced m a portion ot the army on
the Potomac snd has been witnessed io th
ease of twe or three men subjected to the
tenure. Richmond Examiner. Jan. 90.
Dare to be True.
know that if women wish to esape th
stigma of husband seeking they must look
like marble or clay, cold, expressionless.
bloodless ; for every appearance of feeling,
of joy, sorrow, friendliness, antipathy, ad
miration, disgust, are alike construed by the
world into an attempt to hook a husband.
Never mind I well meaning women hays
their own ooneciorioe to comfort them after
all. Do not, therefore, be too much afraid
of showing yonrself as you are, affuotionaM
and good-hearted, do not too harshly repress
sentiments ami feelings excellent in them
selves, because you feur that some puppy
may fancy that you are letting them 0010s
out to faoinate him ; do not condemn your
self to live only by halves becau-s If you
showed too much animation some pragmat
ical thing in breeches might tiika it into bis
pate to imagine that you designed to devote
your life to his inanity. t'bar'otto Bronte.
' Steel vests, to be worn under the outer
clothing, caiahle of resitting a liusahot nr
a bayonet thrust and weighing a tout tares
and a half pounds each, aro now manufao
tared in great quantities l j a company io
Jew ll.ven, L.t
To ascertain whether a woman bi pasot.
ate or not, take a minkfy dog into' a arlor'
orbed room.- , . ...
Garibaldi ha been elected Grand Mas"
ter of the Italian Freetuatoaav . :