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;"" ; U LPOORMANi
1 '; At. fWw doon liinl ofrtjourt io.
''V'V. , 1 1 T HI It M Hi
aual4 ukaI.i. unhM. ill Kali fclltSln It. ''
',.) i so
It aot paid wliklmkaynaf.- i. 0
. ttT'N PP dicoiillnod antil ll arrarag.ara paid,
Attorney itt Law,
MARTJN'8 FERRt; BM CO. 0.
. Yyil.UMtrai t. eHctlnf tad Mtarinf .lata. '"
Attorney at .Law,
"iFTICa, tiyJilw Ik Lrwit Hmh, ad ra
V turn. . -. , .
COWEN & HOOE,
lA.ttorneys ' at Lawi
T. CliAIUHVlLLE, O.
rilCB pp1t tb Lwi HollM. and am Troll's
tr. ' -
' Dr. John Alexander,
X. OIiAIB8VILLK, OHIO.
' f-kFFICK AVD HEStTmNCE ill Ik fcmuuur prop-
arty, W.at and .t town. ... ...
JFMMJYT St JtMGM,Ml,
St. ClalrsYllle, Ohio,
tkty vlkvank to r Mr4ASi tfjrl aud on
tgartf, .pfcj:f-g.B?OtY ;JlPIN0.
mlicitorn m chancery,
ST. 'CLAiRSVlLLB, O. -
rtkTIfr ii door, El of lh Court Hou.' ',,
PR. CL THOMAS,
It. Cltairtvllte, Ohio. '..! ..
(Late Thouit A Collins.) '. , ' '
ii nraiMiad lo nrrform all otoeruliorui twrtHlllli
any aro(aaUiu in the latent improved atyl aud ou the
Aim wrna warranted ta frive Ratlflfrtetmit.
. Owici an Main ki"fM, o(poMta Kline's Siora.
HATINO MI,nlry kKUrd In 8T CI.AIRSVIU.K.
wtlM mmilulln nlKMlllt. k k i
pn.ffd i. jriM mu prttM priiwij
OKFIO few iuon kMi lk
nvKx fuM k Cuwuwlilia
-J Mr. Kisimli Herald,
4fliijrpai the Geneml-.4s
,r-,W;V.-A-T' 2Wlth.- but we are
D testored. 3J
iikN.uani Howl, nl
in.- ' tA..!.i))f estoi
iC mI. ' idkudrtlk Monro Hbo
,Wl t...r ! OVHBSLINO, VA.
.. ..ii .... i,i, s . ,-, ;
.WHOLES ALxl GROCERS,'
rAaBUCE A. tOMMISSIOM j
- Teeth r TeelhU Tecth!!;
HIN(1 rninmiirr lor tied In Somejtbil,
lmnlC.Ohla, nnnaunem Ihmt he i. prepirod
Bffnn .11 rllon pen.liiiMj to 9uriiel or Mchn
Rl lnl(rr. AR nf ICIAL t'EKTK luattod ctlhw
.1 l. i. ulw. -. with oniiilnimti. f)nman' OOI.D.
I LVKH, r PUATINA PLATE, in nut, tubiuuili!
nim, ndwmrinldlol. '
B kpinf np witk Ifi ImprktranvenM lm dT,
krp. I. merit ill plronl(e of Uie public , hi,
M.' . ago-
AOOS...A. J. BAQOS.
National Plallillg flillS
- ' , :' ,mL:i '
Xiurrt'bor t Yard. :
M S. MAUUS c, susa, a-rwpr-B,
ivtlPirmmt'.RA or hooin. tii. Wnlllin Shut,
Jvl itri iiS !BurdI)i,,Pvor and Wiridow Fmiuo,
rtd Floonnc, wetniierDOttraiii nun iweiviiiK, f n
; l.U,l, ana tluliuerc maieri, m Kiitr
tar. QT.IBaif pr.oropux iii)U5w ! ,,
to. i i w: oLOVirR:
A'f'PnWITnV AT' T. AW
A XI UJttil Xj X,,AXii
v SVitirS-r-" ;, , ,' '
. miM auMI
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""VrT.r .i .A., .n...H,
Hl. I U".,.-u-..,,"",,-; -' - - J '
iiMUtad arijmpth'ttMowirlrmci.ri of deeds, rower
' - h -
: -. -.v-AMi iLwAiui;ttii::;: .';r.
I i BBIDOKPOBT, OHIO.
nlf i i rkW ,i 'inn , ii, ,'.. i, 1 1 a
A - M. CTOOIC. Xroprlet r.
iimm.Kloa' liMiawaiOkio4 ...in
nl anATIII'oarik Ball Roaavr Ttf rioyn.lor
Mi How ! ae:MlinviAI'niionlir.
ZZnuTA im aoninodaM to u.Tliiii publi. at
laW.allttataaK '' i'
. -t.m. eaoc
."'' -" i alAiwrMii.asa o n aamw '
" - tnMVl rr aar " -t
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KABtiksj ttHHT, ut
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stabikW in 1813. ! ST. AlRalLLKdiQlilO, FEJOsBUAnX 13, L8p2.; ; Tew Series- Vol. 2, To. 2.
Business Cards. Selected Poetry.
r m tiiiu cany uui iivi iwu (
.-Z UtM an aptc H tMdfiwllut'"
w ffalf Intfrtiifi Imlf fepoWfref 'T
Now Jvancnig. aiiiJ now hy r
Thr it mirivl in twr tliiapl
' ' Tlwr it. danger in her ay. ,
i 'm-'j ,( ... , . . : ' ',
... Bba aaa acudled human natura
lhe in MhooltMl in ail the arUj
' ''( 'Mm haa taker! tier diploma
i iij) AaUiaa-LUtnwaaf ailbearia.
8M can Kit tSa
t! it, wWtf M rivlLat whea M wn(ft-'
Oh, a maid f aomatloMs chartwiigt i '
. M witjowa.. Oia wbiktM , j
, Am -fn-aadf WoW wry aerlout
Will tiar bandaoma lice beaomaj, t
'. - Are you angry? nbt it wreiclitd.
i Lotrtty, rriendleaa. (aarful, dumb.'
Arfvou rairttifulf how ht laagbwr, ...
Silvarpoimditi-r, will rlnf onf;
tUwrcan lure, and atch,aud plajf foo,
j Aa th aiifitc doaa fit ifout. , r, ;
' Ton aM bac helofa f fcrt-r, ' 1
'i-i a VVI ltr.v rrown bold and wiaa
Youna Araeric(titof .twfiiy
Wirh lore took in your eye,
T praetioc all yout Jetaona
iiiiiii uv uuma iince i
But I know a Itttlc widow
a little widow x '
"Wbo ctwld wiu and tool roa alL
Young Widow. Choice Miscellany.
From the Mayflower.
1776-The Altar of Liberty.
BY MRS. STOWE.
, Dicli atrthg, and hd the but In
trioe with n abundant clatter, and put up
the leaves with quite an air. . Ilia mother,
with the silent and gliding motion character
istic of her, quietly took out the table cloth
and spread it, and began to tet the cups and
saucers in order, aad to put on the plates and
knives, while Aunt ilittjf bustled about the
tea. ' '., .. rw,,
' "I'll be glad when the wans over, for one
reason," said she. "I'm pretty much tired
of drinking sage tea. for one, I know."
"Well, . Aunt Hitty, how you scolded
that peddler last week that brought that
real tea." .
"To be sure I did. Suppose I d be taking
any of his old tea, bought of tho British.
Fline every teacurrin his face first."
"Well, mother," said Dick, "I never ex
actly underxtood what it was about the tea,
and why the Boston .folks threw it over
board." , ,
"Because there wai an unlawful tax laid
upon it ttmt the government had no right to
lay. It wasn't much in itself, but it was a
part ot a wnoie system 01 oppressive meas
ures designed to take away our rights, and
make us oluves of a foreign power." . ; ....
'm "Slaves," taid l)ick, straighten'uig Jijpa
i' ..,j. ....,.i wouid not bo slaves, rnev
thVcteaHj1 where it would all end, and they
youia noc Degio w snomu 10 ii in ever su
ittls." aid the mother. '
And I wouldn't eitneru 1 wa they, said
Dick. , . -,
"Rflmdes." midhia mother, drawing him
towards hor, "it wasn't for theinselves alone
they did it. This, is a great country, and it
will be ' greater and greater, and it is very
.mportani tnaiip snuum nave irueauu cquai
la8, because it will by and by be so great.
Thircountry if it'ls 'a free one will be a light
of the world a city set on a hill that cannot
be hid, and all tho oppressed and distressed
from other countries shall come here ana
enjoy their rights and freedom. ' .This.' dear
boy, is whv your fathef and incles have
gone to fight, and while they do stay t and
fiVht throuch. God knows what thev wUl
.. "... , 1 ,
utter, ana tne large uiue eyes oi me
mntiipi1 were full rf tears, vet a strong beam
of pride and exultation shone through tho.se
tears. : '..
I lllir.ll .1l TO..- Tn.. A. A .nTt-
TV Oil, WC1I, i.W.VJ, JMU VM.ll O," JU UU.I.
everybody knows," said Aunt Hitty,' who
had been not the least attentive listener of
this little patriotic harangue, "but you see
the tea fegetting'eoldi'andyohdeTl see the
sleigh is at. the door, and 'John bas eoine,
so let us set up the chairs lor supper. ,
The ehaira ware aoonaet ud. when John
the eldest son, a lad of about hfteea, entered
with a letter. .There wa one general ex
elamation, and stretching out of hands to-
wards it. i John threw it into bis mother
lap; the tea table was forgotten, and the
kettle sang unnoticed ny t,ue nre, as an nanus
crowded about mother's chair to hear
nes. 1 It was from, Captain Ward, then
the American Army at Valley Vorge.
Mrs. Ward ran over it hastily, and then
read it aloud.' A few irdrds we may
There ts still, ' it said; "much Buttering.
we) reserving to myself only one,;, for I
:. not beone whrt better thao'lhe poorest
'' , dier whO hnhU tor. but aountny, , ' JTOOf.
I Liaml . Ii. makes oi v heaxt ache isometimes
: i -r.i . .:i. -J ...
l .nrn clnthea and tlnu shook, and oiten blaed
u j "T 1 , . . .
inn. fAflt. , vet ohfifirtul tnd henoJul,-Ontl
irro "ii- j l: : l.... rtiA..
on tie 8nowy f r0liHd. . Tli eqmetimes
thnra in a thought i)f homeland warm
ahdsoKe sbeakof givlnguri.' 'But the
IwinTriln.'rmt CoThos1 Washinctoh'S general
Orders-allttle short note, Wt it's wonderful
the iodRdpefrMind they all resolve
tivtd nn. fflme wnac mav. xr tnev txitun
yon, 1 need 'not' tell you .what to do.
(.... .11 lll U nnxr lionrra " ' 1
I .''There, 'children, see wliat your1
suffers," said the mother1, "and what, it
l.i . . l ...i : , 1, . . - . 1, U ... .1
i rneae noor aoiuicra io gain our nutirty.
v 1 "Erjhlram Scranton told me that the
I mtmnhM hftfl Mtnfl A 'far A the
W-W and that he rather'specH
'that bed taa the two
thev'd be along here to-nielit," 'said
s .- .... - ..
as he was helping around tne Dated
to tne"ilent company at the tea table.
"To-night? ;IX tell towr' said
rtMv'-"''ft'PkA,'if.a limn m.aM aaralr.
..!inoiil .Wi and arhatxteil hit Jnt.M
"I'll send mineW'OveTOhat roronei''"'enitn
John." 1 "That Id one terrt eat op-yet
Aunt HittyT"- ", " -'"" ' ' 'f
' "NoJ" said Aunt Hitty. f 'I was lajdriglt
Aunt Ward' bt)Wkl ot)f Ity ahd'dle
Mm xTillt anil vAirip.l ,TI,ATlVif,ir,.
ef's and hiy roWm, two f lrli--four oirmfrir
ers two qniltft-'Hhr; ,bei ,' chambeH 'has'
jj0eu'' ll -r, ,1 li,, . .1 rl ,., . . :.
"Oh, Attht Hitty, Mrfd' att that'i ln( the
best chamber! If any company oomes, we
can make it np from our bods,'' said John. .
"I can send blanket or two' from my bed
I know; can't but just tarn brer fa it, there
is so many clothes on now," ' ' ' - ' ' .'
"Aunt Hitty, take blanket Iff from bur
bed," said Grace and Dick at onos. '
"Well, well, we'll see," said Aunt Hitty,
bustling up. - ' 1 -, - :
i Ud rose grandma, 1 with ltreaf eartestness.
now, and going to the next room, and open-J
mg a large cedar-wood enest, returned, pear
Ing in her krmslWO lrtrgo'dfirrff-White Wrik
eta, which she deposited flat on the table1,
joet m Aunt Hitty was ' whisking off the
table-cloth. " ' :
"Mortal I Mother, what ire you going to
do?" said Aunt Hitty. ' '
"There," said she, "I SDnn these every
thread of em' when my name' Wail ' Mary
Evans. , Those wore my wedding, blankets
made ot real nice wool, and worked With
roses in all the corners. l'e got them to
give; ' ' and the old lady stroked and smoothed
the blankets, and patted them down with
great pride and tenderness.1 Jt was evident
she was giving something that lay Very near
!. L ... ... . 1... . ..1. . . M). 1 , ..
iivi nnn , uut luo imvor IBIVOTOU.
"11 Mother, thero's ho taeed' bf that."
iaiilAunt Hitty. "Use them on your bed,
and send the blankete off from'' that: they
arejtmt as good for soldiers. " " '
iNo, l shan ty said the old lady, waxing
warm ; "tisn t a bit too food tor em. -1 II
send the best I've got before they shall
suffer. Send 'cm the best and the old
lady gestured oratorioally. 1:1 J" ," "' '"'
, They were Interrupted by it rap at the
door, and two men entered,' and announced
themselves as being commissioned t? Con
gress to search out supplies for the army.
Now the plot thickens. Aunt Hitty flew id
every directiori-throngh entry i paasage,
meal room, milk room, down oellar, , up
chamber her eap border on end, with pa
triotic seal and followed by John, Pick and
Graee,, 'who eagerly bore to the kitchen
the supplies she turned out, while - Mm.
ard busied herself in, quietly sorting and
arranging, in the best traveling? order, 'the
various contributions that were precipitately
minenea on tho kitchen floor. f
Aunt Hitty soon aiiDeared in the kitchen
with an armful of stockings, which kneeling
on the noor, sao began counting aud laying
out. , ..:!
."There." said she. lavina- down alarre
bundle on some blankets, "that leaves just
two pair apiece an around. . . ' -
"La!" raid John, "what's the use of
saving two pair for me ? ' I can do with one
pair as well as tather. " ' '
"Sure enouch." said his mother! "be
sides 1 can knit vou a nair ia a dav." ' '
"dud I can do with one pair: too,-" 'said
wure Will be too Smalt rburti Vnasf sr.
I guess,' said one of the oommissioners.-
"No." said Dick. .'Tve'eot a Pretty food
foot of my own, and Annt Hitty will always
knit my stockings an men long, cause she
Bays I arrow so. See here, these will do :
and the boy shook his head triumphantly
' And -mine. too. said Grace, nothing
doubting, hating been'1 bny all the time
nullina- off her little stockings.""
f Here, saiq she 'to the man whp was
inking the things into a wide-mouthed
sack ; "here is mih,,',,k;'rrr!her large blue eyes
lOOKen catnosnv inrougn ner tears. ., ,
'Aunt Hitty flew at hr. "Good gracious 1
The child's oraiv. ' 'I dort't think the men
eould wear your stockings take 'em right
away. - ' -i " ' :,:
' Grace looked kround with an air of utter
desolation, and began to cry. ' 1 ' , ,
I wan t to ' give something. . said she
"I'd rather go barefooted on thesnow all day
than not send them anything. . . ' ',' '"
"Give me thy stockings, nry child,1 said
the old soldier. ' "There, I'll take them and
show 'em to the soldtare, and tell 'em what
the little girl said that bent them. . It will
dftthem as much good as if thev could weat
thpn. ;, Xhoy4ive got little girls, at borne,
un.-. .,, ,. , v , i: . ' ,i i't :
Graoe fell on 'hor mother's bosom eom
pletely happy, while Aunt Hitty only mut
tered : . , ... .. ." ..
"Everybody docasmle that-child : and no
wonder, neither. , . . .: I r- :.
, Soon: the old sleigh I drove off front , the
brown house, tightly packed and heavily
loaded. And wace and xiok; were creep
ing into their little beds.1, Iv i.i.n .; i-. l '
, 'TknM hi. ha.n Mmilhl.. nil. . HtlAn
the altar of Liberty to-night, hasn't there,
Dick?'! .Vii v.i .... t .-, u. - t i 1 1
Tes. indeed." said Dick;' and looking
up to his mother, he said, "But, mother,
what did you giver ' ' - -
iitur said the mother, musingly. ' -
if "'Yes,' you, mother ;' what did you give
totheoountrv ?" " ' :' V -i n j
All that I have, dears,", she said laying
hep hand npon their -head "My husband
aUd'Biy'bhildren.'''''' ' '' l
and my children
It seems butasiujinpr since we
forward with, eager, hopes to the coming
vAurs. Ana now we areiooxing asuiy oau.
.Not that, the dream has passed but, that
Aaa peeuot no more wortu o uioacruuua
ps, t , jvs infiiqwifUg tpes ana. animiions,
aiirlv Ufa nass away, as friend after friend
depart, and the. stronger ties which hold
here are Drona, pux, nieseema out a, puo
bio, glancing for f moment in light,,
hoQ broken, and ,no , a : ripple (eft on
Stream.y ii.M m't ni-fiiv lulllo -!'
... Forty- years once seemed a ioug.weary
pilgrimage to tread. , 1 It now; seams but
step. .And yet along the way, are broken
shrines where a thousand houes have waved
into ashes : footprints sacred under the drift-,
dig ot du; green mounds, whose grass
fresh with the watering of tears J shndows
even which we would not forgot.. i We
garnet . the sunshine of those yearn, and
whastened step and hopes push, oh toward
the evening whose' signal lights will soon
aeen syringing .where th .waters are
ana the riwrui nitar beau n, w, urowrr.
;..i,,,!i'i. i: Kan ., ri -.j?
A' mw' davs 'trtrfte '"'Major' Oeneral'
Mlellan Was ma le an active member" ef
American Bible Society, by : the( J uvenile
Missionary Society of the First Presbyterian
Churoh. N: Ll' The certificate was Dresebbi
led M the General by MrVAdam'WiiKfrmafi.
old ,' of PMladelphii; and a .reply will b made
grct qyn'WfcW tfy',,
GROWING Old. Little Eddie--The Drummer.
.Aoorreependeit of the Chicago, Tribuae,
f riling; from Ban ton Barrack , bu-Louis,'
givs j tery tenoning etonr f amaiasor
boy:,.,,.. v'l " ii ir I, ' i
, A few days before or-rag imcht' received
orders to .loin Gen..-Lyon, on his march to
Wilson's Creel.' the drummer of our com
pany was 'taken swit una conveyed to tm
hospital, and on tne1 etwrmg preceding the
day that we were to march, a nogre was ar
rested .Within Um linae of the camp and
brought before awt Captain, who asked him
"what business he had within the lines?"
He TeDlUd..i"l know adrummer that Would
liikatut eniu4h rouroompany, and I have
eotne to tell you of it v- Uewaaimmwdtate-
ly requested to intortn the drummer that u
he would enlist for our short term of ser-
vioe, he would be allowed extra pay, and to
do this he must be upon the ground early
ia tne morning.,;; The negro was then pass
ed hevond the guard. 1 r'.
On the following morning there atipeared
before the Captain's quarters, during the
beating ot the reveille, a good-looking, mid
dle aged woman, dressed in deep mourning,
leading by the hand, sharp, sprightly look
ing bey, apparently about twelve or thirteen
years old. - Her story was soon told. ' She
was from feast Tennessee, where her hus
band had been killed by the rebels, and all
their nroDeity deetroved. - She bad com to
Sc Louis in search, of .her sinter, but not
uudiiig ber, and bemg destitute of money.
she thought it she eould procure a situation
for her boy a a drummer for theshort time
we had to remain in the service, she eould
find eBtployraent'Jiar herself and ; perhaps
una ucr, bums ,py fine -ummwe were ais
barged. ' n
. During thS'rehearaal'of her atorv the lit-
tU follow keot lie eyas intently fixed unbn
the oeuntenanoa of the Cantain. who was
about to uxDreea determinauon not to take
so small a hoy, when he spoke out, saying,
"Don't befraid, Captain, lean drum."
This was SDokeo with so much oonhdenoe
that the vaptwin immediately observed with
smile. !f Wall,' well. Sergeant, bring the
drum, and ortfer ourntertooomo forward.
In a few minutes the drum was produced.
and out fifer made his appearance, a tall,
round-shouldered, good-natured fellow from
the Dubuque mines, who stood, whan erect,
something over six teet in height,, . '
Loon being introduced to his new eom
rade, he stooped downward, with his hands
resting upon his knees that were thrown
torward into an acute angle, and peering in
to the little fellow's face a Moment, he ob
served,, "My little 4nan, can you drum?"
''Yos,. sir. he replied, "I drummed for
(Jspt4in tiill in Tetmensoe. Uur uter im
mediately cotnliienoed straightening him
self upward, Until all the angles in his per
son Had uuappuared, , when he placed his
fife to his Utouth and played the "Flowers
ot fiUiuborougb," one of the most ditfiuult
uaaaOo tai loit.ttiBti am that could
lave been eeleotoovbut noblv did the little
fellow follow him, showing him to be a master
of the drum, When the music ceased,
our Captain turned to the mother and ob
served. "Madam, I will take your buy.
What is his name?" "Edwurd Lee." .he
replied ;' then placing her hund upon the
Captain sarin, she .Continued, Captain, it
he ia not.'killed"T-hqre her.' maternal feel
ings Overcame her .utterance, and she bent
down oyer her Doy &pd kissed him upon the
forehead. . As she ' .arose, she observed,
,'Captarq, you .will bring him buck with you,
won t j ou r : i es, yes, " be replied, : 'we
will be certain to bring hira back with us.
We shall be discharged in six weeks.
in an hour alter, our company led the 1st
lowa out. ot camp, our drum and hie play
ing "The girl I left behind me.'! Eddie,
as we called him,, soon became a great fa
vorite with alt the men in the company.
When any ot the boys had returned from
horticultural excursion, Eddie's share ot the
peaches and melons waa the first apportion
ed out; Durinb our heavy and fatiguing
march frein 11011810 Springfield, it was of
ten amusing to see ouMonaHegged"nrcr
waddling thsengH the mid with our little
drummer mounted upon niS buck aud at
ways in that position when fording streams,
'.- : ri. i 1 I'". '-
' The night after the fight at, Wilson's
Creek, whore Lyon fell, I was detailed for
guard duty. The hours passed slowly away.
when at length, the morning light began
streak along the eastern sky. making sur
rounding objects' more, pluiuly visible.
Presently I heard a drum beat up the morn
ing call. At first I thought it came from
camp of the enemy across the creek ; but
listened I found that it cawe from a deep
ravine; for a tew minutes it was silent, aud
then as itpecame mure, light X heard
again. I listened tho sound ..of the drum
was familiar tQ we and knew it was ....
, r, , Oar drfemkwr Wy fton, T.naaH, ' .1 '1
' , Utuiun lor kola pycillc. ... .. -(
I waa about to desert 'my post:and
bis aasistonoe,, when. I discovered the officer
ot the. guard approacning' with two iuta
We all listened, to ' the sound, and were,
isfied that it Was Eddie'e-druiu. - I asked
nerrausmn; to go -to his laasunUraoe. 'The
ofder:beeiUted, saving that the orders we're
to maron in vweaty mutates, i -promisea
he baek in that time, when he contented,
I iaiinftdiatbl started down thohitl through
the thick undergrowth. Bind, upon reaching
the 1 valley, I followed the -sound of
drum, and soon found, him' teaud ipon
ground, his back leaning against the trunk
df a fallaa 'tre. while hi drum bung upon
a bush iai front of him, .reaching nearly
the ground, i -As soon as ha disoavered
1 , , i- 1 . j i. 1 :
u oroppea msaruui-atKiKa,'Biiu Auniruiuu,
:()h. Cornoral: I am ao clad to Htvoal-i-
lGiiv.tu drink, "rreeohing out bis
lor mv. cantean, which, wan empty. 1
ntediatelv. turned to bring him some water.
from the brook ibat enuld hear rippliag
throogb tne bushes nearoy, wnen,TniaKing
that! was about to leave him, heoommeno-
d trying taylng "Don't leave me, corpor
al 1 1 can't walk. .1 waa woon back
the water, than I discovered that botbot
bia leet naa been snot away oy avannon
ArW tHtiafvinti bitr thirst. heiobkd up
m ni farw.- and said. , ('Von don't think
will die. unmoral, do vouf This man aia
would not v h ld the surgeon eould
my feet' . t now 'discovered man
in the ppaV near him,' dead. By hit dress
wogqistd him as belonging to the enemy.
It appeared that he had ten shot thrdngh
th hnla. And had fallen near where
die lay." Knowing that b could not
and HOtlnr tht eohdltitn wf She bom he
wlAt Wt : Hr; 0 V wWB
pei'idcni BulcvrdVA' (he little fellow's leg!
Ik'lrrw the knee; nnd'theft lay downand died. '
wtMle M was unhngine'tiieue rucoimr i
heard 4iie traai pi-ol'eavalry poming down
the ravino, and in a moment a scout of the
enemy was upon o, aud I was taken a pns-
'. I Tcqnei ted the orhwf to Uke fcddy
op in front at' III m, and he did o. carrying I
1.' ;.L. I 1LL..1.L.
him with groat tetxlerneo. and car. W hen
we reached the camp of the- enemy the lit
tle fellow was dead. It is now about two
weeks since I made my escape from Mo-
A Visit to John Tyler's House.
recently visited thehouso once belonging to
the late Ex President Tyler, at Hampton,
Va. . He ssvs:
' Everything about the manion betokened,
like lUHIustnonspoiweHBor, departed glory.
Ncgtoe were in undisputed possession. We
entered the kitchen, and found aunty busy
making pies, which she sold to soldiers,
and, as she told us, "was able; with God's
help to live very comfortable without the as-
aistauoe of massa. '.'.,' , t ... -
Her young mistress waa just nianied
when the flight took place, and aunty had
permission 'to go or stay.' In reply to the
question why she preferred to leave her
young mistress, she said : "My missus alus
treated uie bery well but my oleman go,
so I go wid him." The old man being sim
ilarly catechised, replied: "O, my massa
alus use me fus rate; masra, I tell trtrf for
masa he alus treat toe bery well; hot I
5ib my massa 1 1 2U a year for my time, and
find myself. I got de paper in my rock
et,' tnd t think' f could get along without
massa. berv well and find myself, when I
kait nn tl'Al mvamr4nnm " Thu inuUrnf
this slave was the famous Senator , Mallory,
not, of course, the Senator from Florida,
but the one of some notoriety In the Virgin
ia Legislature, and at present a Colonel In
the rebel army. His residence is the next
one to that of John TyW, and both are di
rectly on the banka of Hampton creek, op
posite to the village of Hampton. The ne
groes have free course ; nothing has an own
er ; 1 everything is open to plunder. A fine
pianoforte, taken from the large and ele
gant Female Seminary, adorned the inside
of one of the tenM. The effect of stepping
from the muddy camp-fields near Hampton
into a smoky and dingy tent, and finding
there a costly pianoforte,is ludicrous enough.
The different tents are adorned in various
ways. One contains a rich marble-top ta
ble, taken from John Tyler's bouse ; anoth
er, a beautiful hat-stand : another is graced
with a what-not of delicate carving ; and
these costly articles are ' disposed with re
ference to other pieces of camp furniture
with an exquisite taste and accommodation
The Dogs of the hat-staud. fur .instance,
are a graceful support for a pair, of muddy
doois. ana inewnat-not. ukc 'ue eneivesin
a junk shop, contained- a variety of articles
for a variety of purposes, variously ar
Camp Life as a Tonic.
An exchange sneaks of the altered hab
its of our young volunteers, acquired by
roughing it amid the hardships of the camp.
Many of them are in better health than
ever before, and when they return on fur
lough, show a manly distaste for close rooms,
soft beds, elaborate cookery, und other en
ervating luxuries of homo.. 'Therej is no
doubt that they may acquire mora vigorous
stamina, physical and mental, for the sim
ple and hardy regimen to which they are re
stricted. Our life get subdivided by a
thousand interests until it it belittled. It is
not much ot-anjt one- thing, but a general
paah and chowder of all.: , Lire: in camp is
marvelously simple. It bas a few great aims,
a few ennobling impulses, a few regularly
recurring occupations and diversions. The
impreteible nature, glowing with enthusi
asm, is poured into a warlike mould ana
hardens into manliness. Those who shun
idleness and low. associations, those who
keep' the" heart warm by frequent letters
from home, and the head busy with well-
chosen reudinc. conversation aud thoncht,
will have no.cause to regret that they have
passed a part of their youth beneath the
auspices sit' "the red planet Mars." No
delicate ' carpet knight will they prove
henceforth, and though they may not return
either with the shield or on it. they will
bring back a will of iron and muscles of
Steel, potter protections man any orazen
buckles, in the storn school ot arms they
may, if they choose, acquire the chivalrie
virtues nf inairuaniinitv and courage, and
fit themselves to be guardians of the defense
less and champions of the right. . And they
will remember for years how simple are the
necessaries of life, and. what hearty enjoy
ment tuny be found in the absence of luxury
and tofiy. Springfield Rep..', , -,.,! .
Wade and the of
The, following is from
correspondent of, the Commereial u
.Tha investigating CouiiuitWa, of which
Hon. Ben. Waaia.ohairinan, continues to
examine aearchingly into the naet.and pre
sent conduct ot the. war, - It does , not dis
close the evidence (6 the newspapers, and
thereby it fats at manv'fuot which' tLt'cht
thevwis be -withheld from it acrutioy.
while it lHtluence as a wbolesome 'check
upon mal administration,! as ivell aa a spur
to meritorious activity, is sensibly felt by all
th nftWrs of the armv. , The whole time
of the chuirmau-.Senator Wade-has, for
weeks, ueen absorbed in ..these investiga.
tinna. ha nnlv annearing in the Senate to
rnr on iinnnrtaot Questions. Within the
liii.t three or four davs. .indeed, he has cot
back to taking a very active part in the uo-
hberauons and aooates oi uie oenaie, um
this is ouly auxiliary to the military duty re
feired to, he having in charge the two very
imnnrtant war measures, winch Dave now
i . : i4 't'i.A ii
huni(iA lava, as nature recurucu. . iub iuii
known vigor aud intensity of character of the
Ohio, fceu&tjir were strikingly illustrated in
1,A nnitraa nf tha debate UDon the railway
bill.: Ue declared,,. in reply to eunury p-,
Ufoggiug objections, that although he be
lioyedibe President might now exeroise the
power fhicb tbi bill aimed to confor upon
him, nevertheless he thought it better that
(Jongijess sbQUhl invest mm wiia it, so. a to
n.ui iinhnnflssarv any seeming usurDuUon:
au... . : s i r y li.ji
at the same ume, aeoiareu tv aae, ii i were
President in such times a the, if Congress
S IS V"Klvai
failed to nfer all thepowne toput
aOWD XilLl niUOtUUIIt 19- umtju 1 a wwum
Letter from Washington.
[Correspondence of the Philadelphia Press.]
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31, 1862.
Tli strnech f Andrew Johnson this af
ternoon, in- the Bright ca, surpassed all
the expectations of hit friends, and all the
previous efforts of bis life. It was heard by
a crowded andience, and drew tsars from
... ... . ...
the eyes of the stoutest men. You will, of
courso, have it in print The lesson taught
in this spe.cb should go to the heart of
every Democrat, in the land, and should es
pecially go to the men who are preparing
to follow the lead of such sympathizers with
treason as assume to control the Democratic
party in the free States. Andrew Johnson
is, in fact, the embodiment of a true and
living Democracy. He ia a Southern man.
If there ia in thi"eoantry a man who' ha
the right to complain of the Administration
of Mr. Lincoln, it is Andrew Juhnson, and
if there is any one who could complain with
irresistible effect, U is this same man. But
how does be treat the Administration of a
llcbublican President? Dona ha do ax tha
leaders of the so-culled Democracy in your
lveguiarure do r uoes he cavil about coer
cion ( whine about unconstitutional enact
ment; sbed crocodile tear, over corruption,
and prate the parrot song that it was the
Republicans who have brought on this arm
or could have prevented it occurrence '!
JM6. Although the operations of our army
in Kentucky, intended to open the wav in.
to Eastern Tennessee, have been roost lag
gard : although his own home baa batn deM
lated, his wife and children compelled to
fly, his son-in-law in prison, and his friend
in exile, no word of complaint is heard
against the management of the war from
ots patriotic ns. . 110 Knows tu Adminis
tration has done its best aud he confides in
it Jle Tfrnmhii curvt and comnliiiiitM
for the S-jHtkent traifon. trust there is
not a democrat in the land who will net tee
how effectually he disposes of the plea that
it the Lntteuden Uompromisea bad been
adopted there would have been no war. and
with what ineffable acorn he put under his
heal the heat ties and hollow pretext of
those who seek to embarrass the Adminis
tration in its prosecution of the war. This
trumpet blast of the great Senator from Ten
nessee should break down the Jencho now
in course of construction by false leaders
under the name of democracy. It should
at once put life into an irresistible Union
party. The patriotic Republicans ar all
ready for it It is only the exponents of
Breckinridge in i860 and the sympathisers
with treason in 1 SGI whoare opposed to this
organization. Under the leadership ol An
drew Johnson, of Tennessee, we can sweet
the tree Mates clean of treason and fortify
the Administration in it gigautio efforts
against treason. -
A DOUGLAS DEMOCRAT.
Mr. Colfax no Longer Popular.
Tills gentleman, hitherto considered one
of the most upright of all politicians, has
nuuucuiy txjmiiiiixeu unparuonaoic sin.
He has been unfortunate enough to allow
his efforts to economise for the Government
to run counter to the interests of Newspaper
men who have for some time acted upon the
idea that Newspaper dictation mnst be re
garded or the credit of the country suffer,
and are now crying out against him.
1 he ottence which some ot our cotempo
rariea charge upon Mr. Colfax is that he has
recommended that carriers of Newspapers
by other means than through the mails on
the great thoroughfares be required to pay
a license for the privilege, to the General
Government For some years Express Com
panies have taken from the Post Office De
partment a large amount of its income by car
rying newspapers that formerly passed
through the mails, and of course diminished
the revenue ot the Department. Mr. Col
fax simply proposes to restore the former
plan, aud lor so doing wetind that the pro
prietors of Duily .Newspapers in the large
cities are anathematising him. ,
A' wholesome regulation was made some
years ago, by which every family was al
lowed to have his own county paper free nf
postage; this was a measure intended to ben
etit the neonfo. ati. in atatt iwmnfv. it an.
cidcntully gave some support to the local
press. The local press is indispensable in
some townsand cities, and yet, the practice
of carrying mammoth JJailie trout large
cities to every town in the State, free of
hostagc.not ouly deprives the Past Office De.
parttuent of revenue, but it discriminates
against the local paper which at best is too
meagerly supported, by briuging it into un
fair competition with those published in
large cities where their local interest de
mands aid and receive attention, from the
publishers, without regard to the inter
ests of toe subscribers at a distance.
' At Present the local Drees it brought un
fairly into competithni with the large city
dailies. . tni: instance, our subscribers rust
of Zanesville, tiave to pay' postage ort the
courier, wuus wace unoitinati papers,
which are transported 2i)0 miles, are deliv
ered tree oi postage, by the express agents
on the cars. Wc 'think that the, measure
proposed by Mr. 'Colfax, will now allow
fairer competition between local and foreign
papers, and tout the uovefrntnent revenue
will be increased, while a majority of those
w no now tat. e 'oreign uawe wiy uot letu
mtHrriavmA ' '' ' 1 ' . i
.i. We wish not to escape a just proporti
of the burdens ot war; whatever will bring
revenue to the government in this way with
out injustice to the people, wemust annrovo,
Our opinion Is that the complaints ot those
who publish large dailies are based' upon
v i v :n. fi :
How a Rebel General Bit His Own
, The. Roll correspondent of the Sl Louis
Democrat relates the following good story
at Geti Rains'. expense: ,. .r,
It appears he had a tenant on his furm
who was a staunch Union man. The latter
had given his notes to Bains, and Mr. Rain
ifcnnlr tham for safe keening. The tenant in-
order t save hit hay and grain raised by htm
on hi farm, weut to .Mrs. Rains and made
a delivery of the above nrtioles, and took up
the notes. Meatitline Rains, aishing tore
,X,ni.ik hi (vuiimisxarv department from the
Union men, hinted oiav day to a foraging
n.rio. tha iknt that . a L'ood haul would, be
made on the , premises of . Mr bis own
tenant The articles were lortnwitn conns
ICIiaiiv. ... .. . .1.
. a, y -7 , , .
catad. F Zt
i"it -. . j i
,TCR)I OF ADTER-ptUJiai '
, $i jj.;;ij f.Myi -in nl
Oao tan. lira Mna to kM.J . ar Ow kaaw
Hon.. .... ............ ...... ........ ...ASK a
Rack mji)iiih lawi .., .,...-. . .
On. ajiaan, ikr v! ft
" HI r... It
a.7atap)Mloc.... t .
of antomti ai anrllrmi. tlipn jr. A Infwaaai
uol xc.lin( hot .aaagoa, tsa, A nl a, aaaaM.
(Tidr.riUrrir.H not arramaanMd wlik wtkM il
rtioii..il!uinnrid aaui tof but, and .hairW miii
ri ' . t , .. .-. . .
II-lFEcit N,rTXl and DomM Oaaui aAVaff).
ti.ni. .no. and a kalf tin raw tl .tdiaarf mtnf
Andrew Johnson's Speech.
Hon. Andrew Johnson made a fooMpow
erf ul speech in ff or of elpollirig Ufa Bright
The con Jeneed report of tb dosing $fjaag
ia as follows: , ' . .
"Mr. JiihnaAfl titan mfafraal tn ttiAMtK
of the Senator from Deiawar (Saulsury),
and contended at tome length that the 8ontk
was entirely responsible for the war, and
mat tne -ortn gave an tue compromise mat
wus.necesiary, but that the Southern traitor
would not accent it If the Senator had not
moral, physical, and political courage enough
to expel those who are unsafe depositor!
of the ptiblie trust and power, th.a they
were not fit to remain here themselves. H ,
(Johnson) did not say tbs things in any
spirit of ankindness, bat far tb sake of ooa
atitutional liberty, and for the aaka of hi
own wife and children. -By the failure of
the Government to enforce the laws, hi
wife and children had been turned into the
street, and bis house turned into a barrack.
Ho had two sons-in-law one was in prison,
and the othor was in the mountains, to vad
the tvrsnny of the hell-born and hell-bound -spirit
of disunion. Yet when cries com up
that the laws may be enforced, the Senator
sayt, 'I am opposed to the whole eoeroiv
policy of the Government' The only way
to settle the question now before the Gov
ernment is not compromise, but to crush
out the leaders of (be rebellion. We hav
got to show pluck, ad have got to fight
He desired peace, but tb only Way t get it
waa to aaciifice blood and treasure. Than
let us crush out this rebellion, and look for
ward to the time when we shall raise the
glorious old Dig beneath the cross, Md
gather around with the cry of The Union,
one and iuseperable, now and forevtt.'
Christ first, our country next", . v
' It will be observed that Mr. Johnson dif
fers entirely from those .Northern, men who
hold that the war is due to the unwillingness
of the North to compromise. . lie sayt ex
plicitly that the North gave all., tho eom
promise that was necessary.. We commend
his worls and be knowj whereof he af
firms to those papers which arc harping on
their political string, and endeavoring to
convince their readers that the North is 10
blame for secession. r ,
The County Newspaper.
From one of our Exchange papers we
take the following, and there is so much
truth in it, that we feel almost willing tx)
adopt it : . 1 ' .
"Your County paper is really a ntccssi
ty to every whole-souled intelligent mart In
the county. It is the index, orshoudlb,
of their charaiter, of their liberality, intelli
gence, 6rjirit of C!jte.ri)risfif c4 yet it is not
always1 such." It sometimes, yes,' many
times, deceives the stranger seeking the
county paper for correct information open
tnose points, tor irequenuy ine eoiior, wim
an energy that knows on abatement, and
economy that adapts itself to the closest cir
cumstance, really furnishe to the public a
readable, enterprising, spirited local new
medium, which would mislead the stranger
taking it as the critorion of the character of
the people tor intelligence, liberality, 4c..
No ordinary sized county paper can thrive
npon a subscription price of $ I, per year.--One
dollar and titty cents per year is the low
est that it can be published tor and then
it should be made in good pay in advanct;
and whoever runs away after a foreign news
paper because be can get it for on dollar
ier year discriminates against his first and
lighest interest in such as would, if all men
were ol his mode of thinking, destroy the
means of disseminating information in hi
own vicinity, even to the extent of prevent
ing announcing to the world the liiessiug
that he himself was dead. No man in-those
day of rapid advancement in intelligence
should stop with on. paper : and after hit
county paper he shnuld take a many for
eign papers Iroru diuercnt point as would
answer his starving necessities fcr light and
Gf.s. Bcei.t. is a very modal of reticene
and secrecy. He goes to headrjuartert every
'morning at about 10 o'clock, and shuts him
self np in his ttinchtm mnctontm, impervi
ous to any human force, except through the
regular red-tape channels, tie mil mot be
interrupted. It is as much as a man's life
is worth to speak to him on the way to hit
office. His servants are ss afraid of him at
they are of the devii: An express messen
ger cam to him with a .package of snap
from Washington, and did not dare to enter
the room. lie offered the package to one
of the porters to carry it in. "No," said
the porter; yrm carry it in." 'No,"said
the expressman, "h now you r you take
it ' U was soma time bebpe . the - fellow
dared "face the fierttely-frowiiinjf chief ' yt
hand hint the package and get his .pay.r-
rittell admits no one to bie comtaence ami
all prediction, of forward movemebta, basod
on pretended access to headquarter ar
more nonsense.. . . . . . ,, . - jjU11
If is expecting rather too much iif
maud that any one shall know everj't'hlfTs ;
but it Is not Unreasonable to expect that
atty man who knows enough to goCorrgresv
should know the ditTcrence between ' Hoaea
Ballou and Hosea Biglow. Yet Sfr.'Cox of
(rhio, on Thursday last, in replying' to a
speech of Mr. GuHey, his colleague, 'taid .
"Years aol in the Mexican War; 1 fhes
rame gentlemen who are now so qnoruJeus
aliout ienw 3L;CleUan,. echoed Siimuer's
'Peaceful True Grandour of Nutious, and
Hosoa Ballou's slang : . ',t f ,
-Fit anv.ymififin fpll.r - '
. ), . ( mHTttt lill-yon rynr,;ir.3 J.rl a
j Aiore .u net ! of in,-. . .
'. Fobnev'b Opisios or UupnAHA. Col.
Forney is not disposed to be softly spoken
about bia enemy i, James BuobshtrJi i Jn
a recent lottar to the .Philadelphia Prear,
desoribinft tho Sot-eisum syuithizing wiag
of the Pennsylvania Demooraoy.'he say ,
I see no one nam in the lAigislatur af
ronnriylvauia tluotigtJiO.se now solutions
to reorgani!!e , the" Demoeraiio pary", tad:
... ,.i,u;t th avmbnl nf sl that ts Dure and
patriotic "fAVi? ml.T" Mfbe jwtlu charged
with harintfhwiteivd,? and W.V pro
irniisir Mil municrer Of HI ovuntru nnvrttwdr,