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., ..;!' -a-PUBLlSHM
Mvsrw Thursday Morning)
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0. L. POORMANi'
..,.- " 1 IA .
UFFICK-Mindllit HeUl Jlrtlldlntt,
i. e fw tuon Jfceuet of C'iH llbuabt
eaeaeireer, err annum, (11 pel wiHii Ik
V mi ala will, a tha vaar
lab ! lii,Ml (pid iiiMVMe,)'
ftMaBMi JliMMiiliiiyJ Mnlil all irHinm ar. mid.
lxort i iha piiou of tii pubtithar.
.A. IS. WELLS,
Attorney at Law,
liJLRTIIi'S FERRY, BEL CO. 0.
ILL am4 w MllMinf u4 Maria-
D. D. T. COWEN,
Attorney at Law,
ST. CLALR8YILLE, 0. .
VFica tfrMii ik uta riWii, iiaet W Troii't
OOWEN & HOQE,
.Attorneys at LaWf
l'liT. OlrAIBSVILtB, O.
FFIC1 ppoatt the Lewi. Heuee, and rer Troll'e
Dr. John Alexander,
. irr. CL.AIIIHV1L.L.K, OHIO.
JTkFFICE AND RESIDENCE iu tk Seminary prop-
J ertj, Weel and of town.
1IER0H ANT TAILORS,
St. Clalrsvllle, Oblo,
TT AVE ON HAND A FULL ASSORTMENT .
ruth. rBaalmraaa.Tatlnrs 1
JL. k ? ji . . S f7 . ..u.-djf
S? SJIST'" 't,u"
IVIia taluian henry TOPPING,
. . TAE.I.MAH a. TOPPIISO,
Attprneys & Counselors at Law
MmllcitorB in Chancery,
V ST. CLAIRSVILLE, O. .
rYlCB Iwa doora Eui of Uia Cautt Heuaa.
DR. C. THOMAS,
Bt. Clalrsvllle, Oblo.
Lot Thomas A Colliiu.)
HAVIKO parehaaad Ika iatanat af my lata pannar
ia lb. Daiital iHuiueia, and haTlnf paruiauaiiUr lo-
-mm Hill arapacad k perform all oparaliona penalniiif lo
. ali. wm warranted la ffiva .all.facrion.
. Onicl au Mabi Sural, appoaila KliiM'a 8lora.
Mill prepared la perioral all operation perraininf io
i aroi.Mloii iu the latael improved elyle. and au Ibe
XJxt, J . W . X XISidLxLiX'C,
fi AVINO permananlly located in 8T. CI.A1RSVII.I.B,
la would reMpeoiiunj announce uiai iw i.
prepared lo perierra all operalioiiaperiainiiig
m Ilia nrnfaaainit.
. . rf-AH Mirk warranLd la fflve ealllfaetlon.
OFFICE afawdaoreEaetoTtheNalivuaJ Hotel, and
Bearl, appoaila taa Carouiola otuce. .
m B. SLACK,
Hv. 1S9, Slain Street,
(Opposite Monroe Houae,)
. ret WHEELING
. t. BHODKS W1I. S tTARFIKLD.
Rhodes Sc Wrfleld,
', (ace.uer la t j&tl k Hr..)
i PRODUCE Jt COMMI88IOW
'mmM Bridgeport, Ohio.
Teeth! Teeth!! Teeth!!!
DR. J. I. E1.T, "
. Blmr.lCo.,Chio,iHuncc lliaili u prvpareU
rform all frauen pertaining to Surgical or Mecfian
bI DantUur. ARTIFICIAL TKETH liiaertod aitlier
.1...1. n uiulra ms isriih fal,ti maul Gum Oil UULU.
liiVli.H. r ? LATIN A rLAlta Ul osai, auunauiiai
kMuiNf Bp wlin ma impnmoirnw i "7i
WrMiim.rItlhDatraiiana( tba public. Ia7
a rw aaaa , ajaM
ATTUIVJN Hj I AI JjA. W
M. J. W. QLOVER.
. . - ' -
eST. CLAIK8VILLK, O,
DART1CULAR attenuoti paid to the eettlomeiil of
.-r Tnmew Mr fVt.
l A tWaiAAAA WW.,
Powera-of-Attorney and otker eonveyaiioiug
ngmenu ol aeeoa, ro
er an Morunura. taien.
OFFICE up-.taira over Collin.' Drug Store.
executed promptly; acknowledgment, of deed,
)fAilernev an N
: Froduoe and Commission
. JiND DBALKRS IN
' Iron. JVaiU, Glass, Sc.
1 . BELLAIRE, OIIIO.
jL. K. OOOH, Proprlet r.
(Lala at I laiweeear, (Hue.) II
,a iuid pTiuburb a.ii Road.. Taa Ppor h.
1. HOUM ana taa larnnur. in uim-cim. .r, m
,'p a acaomowuia tha uav.iiu. pubii. u
Te. A. B.SOOK.
redben. Septetor & Cleaner
aa I HMt roarer. AIkv, lae crnieupea l eaaa
1 Thresfiirlg Macliiiies,
,j !i)V v.". ''' (, 4 luai Hona Power, '
. M.IITt FBRRY, Bat,
Substitute for Turpentlue.
Benzine, or JTupthOf
an avtUla aaesh aapartoff evi-arpcieine ror rainn
r . . i -, , iriu PR,.R nr ae
tMuit, k aud at taa LO
PER UiLUAUl. . . , ,,
" t ..V,ntlir nil.
Oll'ia eonMdered .upefior to Ijtrd ar Spai
la kinde of M.chiniay. and u aold ai the L0
OF 4u CENTS rr.il ualwb.
Cnrboit OH arid ttnpi,
' i lot ila ai vert low pricee al
' J. W. COLI.INS' Drugstore,
oMf St Clairartlia, Ohio.
.- . A .- -'--- .
. . . o-.. " ' ,. . , ,....' ' . ,
. .-, i " 1 jZ,. .. '. -. ., ... .ji..-.".. " " V" ' '; ' : ';.. r..,f .g., fryi'-
Established in 1813
ST. CLAIR8VILLE, OHIO, MAROH 0, 1802.
New Series-Vol. 2, 2STo. 5.
WORDS FITLY SPOKEN.
ADDRESS OF CHAS, D. DRAKE.
ADDRESS OF CHAS, D. DRAKE. AT ST. LOUIS.
ADDRESS OF CHAS, D. DRAKE. AT ST. LOUIS. Views of a Pro-Slavery Democrat on
the Rebellion and Slavery.
THE SIGNS OF THE TIMES.
Charle D. I)rk, a lawyer of St. Louis,
and aonofthe UlliDr. Draka ofthijoity,
layiitha Cincinnati OueUa, for thirty yeara,
ai ha inform! ua, a defender of Slavery, de
livered aa addreaa in that city on Saturday,
on the birthday of Washington, from which,
notwithstanding the great prearara of sewi
on our oolumna, ws make the following ex
tract. The rcfrrMM 4o "o ttolitiea"
preachers will be more fully appreciated
whon we state that Mr. Drake ia elder in a
Presbyterian ohuroh, whose minister, like
one or two in this city, tries to conceal his
sympathies with the rebels, by sticking out
the motto : "No politics in the pulpit. ' ' .
Around this elect band of audacious con
spirators, or scattered over the South, bbe-
dient to their commands, are vast bodies of
aoldieni. who hut VAalAnlAV olnriArl in tha
of 'An)eriean 'iti.ang. J doliBntfll
honor the flag ot their country, which had
been their protection from their birth, and
which symbolized in all lands the Dower and
irrandeur of United America. In their
breasu has been, by their leaders, insidious-
i i , .:i L. a .
lv kindled a hostility to the flag, to which
they would have been strangers if their
cassions bad not been Dlavea uoon ana in
flamed by adroit and., atrocious appeals,
sweeDinc judgment, sense and patriotism
away in one wild wreck, and converting those
who were patriots into the faoile instruments
ot a rebellion more causeless than the his
tory of modern civilization has disclosed,
and as futile as it muat inevitably be fatal,
alike to deceivers and deceived. Hanged un
der a bastard banner, of fctranee and moan
inglcss device, thoy are armed against that
old flag with weapons stolen from the na
tion, alter having Deen, by treachery ana
stealth, placed within their reach, that they
may be stolen. Taught to believe that they
Were Oppressed, WOUgn inev lOOKea in vain
worn upprvsaou, Miuugu luvv iwuu iu vaiu
ft,, girjula m0t sf nroDOsal of ODDreasion !
exoitea to tne noint 01 creauuty ai wnicu
they oould be eonvinoed that their liberties
! J .1 U 4 - l
liberties, from the greatest to the least, had
been assailed, or even remotely threatened
led to regard the chosen Chief Magistrate
of the nation, in advance of hia inaugura
tion, as a fanatical tyrant, who would use
the authority entrusted to him to destroy
their domestio institutions, thoagh no act
or word of his gave earnest or hint of such
intent, and he would bo officially powerless
to do so, even if the intent existed ; and told
from day to day and month to month that
"Tha North" was wacinir a war unon their
homes and their firesides, their wives and
uieir uuuKuwrs, iu uvvaataia iiiu iiuv biiu
to detile the other, when not one Northern
man had volunteered in arms until the South
had. without provocation, hurled the blast
of war at Sumter, and menaced the nation
with humiliation and death, u it defended
not itselt. Thus told, and taught, ana ex
cited bv ambitious and unscrupulous poli
ticians, to whom they were aocustomed to
look with deference, thay suffered them
selves to be botrayed into a crime, tba bloody
consequences of which must fall upon them
in a thousand-told greater proportion than
upon their less numerous, but far more
imiltv leaders: ana bitter ana boneless will be
the day when they awake to the conscious
ness at once ot the deoeption to whioh tboy
have yielded, and of the overwhelming de
struction which the mighty American na
tion, aroused as it now ia, visits every armed
band of insurgents, and sweeps from its soil
very vestige and memorial of this foul and
most unnatural rebellion,
THE UNION SOLDIERS.
Rnnrt. m fr-ftirtr, .ami oftria nictnrtlB
i i j 1 . i ,
I WhlCu OUr COUDtTV Dresentl tO 10 WOritt
thiB dar. loo reTOltinff to iraie upon, let
turn to another, more pleasing and en-
: Vf avl... L..J..J ak.e.
nunriu iiw A'XUIJ I II Call OlaTa, UUI1UIOU kllUUO
aDd patriotic American citixens, faithtul lo
1 aVaAllVaiflinaSf IV
the memory of Washington, are under arms
on land and sea, called from their quiet
homes by the nation a constitutional obiot,
to defend the nation's Integrity and life. In
the annate ot the world Buoh a sight has
never belore been seen, as suoh a host, vol
untarily arrayed in so brief a time, from the
peaceful walks of life, to meet the trials and
I narils which, in cam n and field and unon
f . . - . ,dierli
the sailor's daily reoord. They move under
no alien or doubtful standard, but follow the
glorious old flag of the Union, with its four
and thirty nasning stars ; ana ineir cry
not the pitiful "All voeaski to be letaTon."
but the thundering and irresistable "AU
nk it thai T1I0BI8T AR8 6e let alone t" Those
brave battahoas march - to no impudent
"Dixie," but plant their measured tread
"the musio of the Union," as it swells forth
in tha grand measure1 of "Hail Columbia,"
nr waves in tha flowing strains oi
"8ta Snanaled Banner' or accelerates
...i 3 t i II .V - a,
r.ui I jnou arrayed against a foe whose
le i -iC,a T 'ThaTRnnth " linnMrrnr
watc hworrl is( ihe Boutti, norje20,1
filla their tbroata, but marebin tor their
eountry'a take to a soldier's triumph or
1 j:.. Ua. aall aa..aa I mm n!r.kr nkft.
mm .... in. a BI aawaa. uinv IU UUB ID IUIBUVJ WUW
rus, "God Save America I " They go,
to estrovi their father' work, but to pre
serve it for themselves and their children,
ewainat the creel assaults of those who
niarjsi America for "the South."' and
jure the Constitution for "the peculiar
stitution." ' -
To be stfre, some ef Southern blood
them no gentlemen, arid therefore not fit
fiaht "the ohivalrv but eertMn it w. there
are no stolen arms in their bands, nor
there pilfered money in their pooketey
TreaenRrv m luair uwu, iiu. uir irivuus.
thev are the hardy and honest son of
Union, your kinsmen and friends, and mine;
. 1 1 , , . J All 1
the brothers, misoamis, lovers ana cnuurea
of our sisters and our daughters, and
are marshaled for no holiday work, for
meretricious pageant, for no vengeful foray,
but to fight the battle of their oountry ;
they are moving in stern and steady oolirmri,
to strike treason dead id the very heart
its usurped domain i and woe, woe to tbem
Mia ouBirvm luvir iura.ru iuaruu I
PREACHERS AND POLITICS.
In the first place let us dispose of one or
two fallacies, which have obtained lodgment
in the minds of many, and, so far, distort
ed their view of the present crisis. It is not
unusual to hear this war spoken of as a mat
ter of politic ; as if we were in the midst of
a Presidential canvass, and to oonvert the
nation into armies, and the land into camps
and battle-fields, were legitimate and broth
erly modes of settling controversies, dis
covered by onr happy people io the soienoe
of self-government I This werd politic is a
favorite in this connection, with some preach
ers of the Gospel, whose "Southern sympa
thies shrink rrora "declaring the whole
counsel of God." when it ealla for oreaohina
divine truth aa contained in the opening
anea n ' we vnirawnn onapter 01,
tne epistle to the Uoutaaa. ' io en
force from the pulpit allegiance to establish
ed government, aa a Bible duty, is, with
them, to "prtach politic." of which they
have a special, it not a holy, horror. Hut
may not the modem preacher preach what
; . T i i. iS ., .
inspired raui, ot oia time, wrote, and,
doubtless, breached, too? When Paul said.
liet everv soul be subject unto the higher
powers," he left on record God'a nrecent
on the subjeot of allegiance, for the guidanoe
of Christians to the end of time. And he
adds this reason for the injunction : "There
is no power but ot Uod ; the powers that be
are ordained of God. " And he follows this
with the stern declaration: "Whosoever
therefore risisteth the power, resisteth the or
dinance of God; and they that resist
shall receive to themselves damnation."
Plain words, at least to plain men, when
Paul was moved by inspiration to reoord as
a rule of Christian duty, but to inculcate
which, here and now, is to "preach politics,"
which, under present circumstances, is not
pleasant to disloyal ears 1 But, leaving the
ministry to square their action with their
own consciences and Holy Scripture. I
wholly reject the idea that the people ot the
United States are at war over a matter of
party politics, or politics of any kind. The
question is not how the Government shall
be carried on which is the appropriate field
of politics but whether the Constitution
and the Government shall be carried off by
a turbid and raging flood of revolt and trea
son. The strife is not for the best mode of
keeping the Government upright in its posi
tion and action, but to keep it standing at
all. It is not a war of rivalry between pa
triots for the wisest and safest administra
tion of our national affairs but a struggle
a life aud death struggle between disrup
tion, anarchy, and dissolution on one sido,
j i A ' UWWIMHl,u wu ,
and the Constitution, order, stability and
iytmA rtm rn tYta .ttlina Anil In ika aanaa
cvvuvui via bit vi viuvii iauui us tuo wviuoi
!- a IT.. 1 . . 1
of the great and lamented Douglas, uttered
almost as he descended to his tomb. ' There
are only two tide to thi qitetliun. Every man
. j.. e T ja
nwi ic ivr cs lytucu uiiiica nr uaiiutw u.
Ihere xrn be no neutrals ix this tear : onlu
patriot or traitor.
SLAVERY THE CAUSE OF THE REBELLION—
THE INSTITUTION DOOMED.
With these two points disposed of. let us
proceed. a In any review of the causes of
the rebellion it is prorer to notice the griev
ances alleged by the South in defense of its
parricidal aets. There is not tune now, bow
ever, to discuss them at large. On last anni
versary ot our national Independence, in
addressing an assemblage of loval citixena in
the interior ot this state, 1 gave such at
tention as my ability enabled to the "De
claration of me Cause of Secamon, put
lortn Dy tne oouth Carolina Convention,
(the only one proceeding from any of the
Seceded States, of which I have knowledge.
and endeavored to demonstrate, as I am not
without nopal, did, at least to loyal minds,
that the matters therein paraded before the
world weie no more the causes ot Seoossior.
than they were the semblance of a justifica
tion of the crime they were intended to
vindicate. After a somewhat ex
tended examination ot that document,
it appeared that the whole array of
their eomplainta summed itself up in these
three points: 1. The election of a Presi
dent of the United States by the votes solely
of the non-slaveholding States a result di
rectly and designedly nroduoed by the South
itself, so far as Southern action could pro
duce it, and planted as the fulcrum of the
great lever which should heave the South
ern States from their orbits, and inaugurate
the chaos whenoe should spring, matured
and full armod, a Southern Confederacy,
2. The enactment, years before, of personal
liberty laws in four Northern States, (in
stead of fourteen as falsely alleged, ) concern
ing which the South un to that time had
made little or no complaint; and a. The
position assumed by the Republican party
in favor of the exolusion of Slavery from
Territories. Concerning these allegations,
it is needless that your time be now -further
occupied than to remark, that were they
the real causes ot Secession, tbey would ex
hibit the paltriest palliation ever offered
the moat stupendous of popular crimes.
it is one ot the most revolting features
South Carolina' dark dishonor, that in
very hour of her Convention' adoption
that declaration, the same men who sent
forth, . openly and exultingly declared,
tts floor or tne uonventiotr, that those
were not the causes of her secession,
that the blow theta' aimed at the Union
'a matter which had been gathering head
thirty neon," wid "had at lost come to
mini whtnthevmuihtsav ituxusntireiurinht.
Thus did they, in the act of disruption,
blason their hypocrisy, and, adding false
hood to treason, linked themselves to a
infamy, compared with whioh that
Benedict Arnold is no longer supreme.
But, te reiterate, these are no more
cause of Southern treason than fire is
eause ef ioe, or the aun the origin of darkness-
Its causes lie deeper down than
It ia only at the surface that the vexed
ooeaa rolls and dashes under the tempest's
Kiik evnan tha auhrrnwraMut vnlnam
bursts forth, it heave upward the
incumbent mass ot waters, ana shaves
sea and land with a convulsive shock .
.a -kan IrWklr TnV t Vl MUM. AT HViIh
ou, ... - - ,
bellion, we find them not in the'sDorms
a intervals sween over the popular
lashing the billows of a partisan pftsgjtiH
temporary fury, but in a Ore euTfouuding
the very foundations ot the social structure,
hitherto' ooonoed to subterranean recesses,
btft twrw arming nnward with flame
smoke1, fiery hail and seething lava, ominons
of death W American1 liberty, and biasing
with rJrSTrtay W the votaries of freedom in
the World, Ml us cainiiy survey toe
tnents, and analyse the elements of this de
vouring torre. ,
J he observer ot our ixatioaai cnaracter
and development will have noted that, from I
his early recollection, the American people !
havo been divided into twe distinct, yet not
dissevered, parts, by a line representing no
natural geographical cninaue boundary, out
fnllnwina the borders of certain States irreg
ularly from east to west On either side of
that line is found a part of the same people,
descended from a common ancestry, inher
iting the same institutions, speaking the
same tongue, subject to the same ration
al laws, and in their local constitutions ex
hibiting, hardly with a variation, the same
FrinoipTes and machinery of Government,
n the diversified associations an) interests
of life they were practically one; passiug
and repassing from side to aide freely, and
bonnd together by oouotlasa ties of friend
ship, ep rental, fillkl a4rternal affection
ana of wedded love. Sibrt than once they
have fought, hand in hand, tinder the same
flag, and never did the soldiery of one gain a
victory that was not shared by that of the
other. . ' ' ' '
Did calamity overtake one, the other was
roady to minister rolief; did prosperity
smile on one. its warmth cheered the other ;
did dsnger threaten all, they vied with
each other in repelling it. But still, there
waathe line ; and in the eourse of years, on
either side, there gradually grew up opin
ions upon sdciai and political questions,
variant from those prevailing on the other.
The difference, at first toleratod. if not kind
ly borne with, became at length the source
of annoyance. One grew meddlesome, the
other restive and intolerant. Ultraism and
pertinacity in a comparative lew on one side,
was met by an almost unanimous defiance
and assertion of superiority on the other;
which naturally expanded into a demand
that its opinions should control, its political
dogmas predominate, and its hand direct
the movements of the common Government,
though its free citiiens hardly numbered a
fourthef those of the wholeoeuntry. Prom
time to time in the course of a third of a
oenturv. a snirit of discontent with the
Union whioh had covered all with blessings,
t . t ... . , i n j -lie)
betrayed ltseu ; oiuy to uo nmoweu quictiy
by imperious exaotions, with the alterna
tive ot disruption and dissolution. It is
within the knowledge of all, that for the last
thirty years those exactions have been com
plied with, almost without intermission.
The arrogant will ot the minority controlled
tha niainritv. Tha Nation spoke through
organs chosen at the dictation of the smaller
part. But at last, in the mutations of
events, this ascendancy ceased ; the exocu
tive power was transferred to the majority :
and before even the constitutional forms of
aua oeiore even uic ounsutucionai lunuaui
its investure could be observed, the haughty
I T . ' a. l il ! i
minority revolted against the authority it
had failed to retain, and plunged the nation
into tha intolerable herrort of civil war.
i-urVtAr r.han i AlArMta". rriA vniir Vltara' chief
magistracy of a constitutionally elected Pre
My friends, if this be not a true and fair
statement of the riseot this war, I confess
my inability to make one. But this does
not indicate the cause of the war. Other
questions still arise. Why should disunion
and its train of incalculable evils be em
braced on one side, but never purposed, or
even dreamed of, except by some poor fana
tics, on the other? Whenoe the venomous
influence that could so pervert the loyalty
of one part, while the other remained stead
fast to the Constitution? How is it that
one proclaims and defends the right of Se
oession, and the other denies it? Why
should one be ready to fly to arms in rebel
linn, and the other touoh -not a weapon un
til war is driven into its very teeth? For
such radical differences between two parts
of the same natinn, leading to such fatal is
sues, surely no light or transient cause suf-
boes. To aay that tbey spring trom contests
of exoedienov. or from collisionsof political
dogtninrer principles, , bp ftom the rivalries
ot partisan leaders, is only to skim tne sur
face, and to reaoh not the vital spring that
lies beneath. My countrymen, before earth
and heaven there is but one cause for this
hideous rebellion, and that cause is Slavery.
That is the key to Southern unanimity in
its demands for power for the minority, the
origin of that spirit of domination which
would have all or destroy all, the one sole
impelling force which precipitated the South
against the bulwark or the constitution,
and filla the land this day with confusion,
lamentation and death.
uri xi a. i .rn : rMl.
Vf ueu lur, i3Mpiioueui vjuuigia, iu waivu,
ISfil.in his sneech at Savannah, declared
that Slavery was "the chief stone of the
corner in the new edifioa" of Government
whioh the South had just reared, in dehanoe
of that which their fathers had framed, he
threw off all disguises, and laid bare to the
world the cause and the spirit of the revolt,
in which he stands second in rank only
its desperate ohief. Give me your attention
while I recall to your remembrance a few
Mtiianwu nf th nr. niinarktthla sneaeh. He
was indicating to his hearers tne points
ditterenoe between; tne reoei vjonsuiuiioa
and that whioh Washington had aided
establish, and tbe south was impiously at
tempting to destroy, and ne spoke asioi
"But not to be' tedious in enumerating
lin mimemn. nh.nw fnr lh batter, allow
me to allude to one other though last
least: the now constitution has put at rest,
forever, all the agitating questions relating
rnnurnnnnliar institutions Airman aiavery
as it exist among us the proper status
a l -: : i : . : n
tne negro iu our turiuui uiviuaobiuu. 'i
via the immediate cause qf the late rupture
and revolution. JeOerson, in hi toreoast,
had anticipated this aa the rock upon which
tli old Union would1 split I' He was right
What was conjecture with him is npw
realised fact But whether he compreh'ahd'
ed the great truth upon which that
food and ttandt, may be doubtod.
pervading ideas entertained by him,
moat ot the leading statesmen, at the
nr the formation of the old Constitution,
r-rr-ir . . . . ipi..:
were,, that the, enslavement or tne jvinuan
was in violation of the laws of nat ure ;
it was i,rong in prioeipl, . sooially, morally
and politically, itwes an evil tney an
not well new to deal with ; but the general
opinion ol the men ot that aay was,
AmAhnv or oinor. wuiv onwrui i"i-
rkw institution would be evanescent
and pass sways This idea, though not
corporated in tbe Constitution, was tbe
irlae. at the time. . The Constitution,
if- is true, secured every essential guarantee
!.,.:. ...Inn' -bI.!a ir. urimilit leaf,
Lice no aigumentcau bejustly used against
r;.,i.i.',ional guarantees thus secured.
VUV vuiw""."- aw
because of the common sentiment of the
day. Those ideas, however, wer fundamen
tally wrong. They rested anon the assnmn-
lion of the equality ot races. This was an
error. It was a sandy foundation, and the
.fint idea of a government built upon it when
the 'storm came and the wind blew it full I'
Our new Government is founded upon ex
actly the opposite ideas; its foundations
are laid, iu corner-stone rest upon the great
truth that the negro is not equal to the
white man ; that Slavery, subordination to
the superior race, is his natural and moral
oondition. This, our new Government i
the first, in the history of the world, based
upon tbi great physical, philosophical and
Now. were eaeh and everv one of ns to
tally ignorant of every previous fact in onr
country history, w oould not, after read
ing those utterance of one ot tbe Booth
Boat trusted and moat gifted m he one
seamed one ef ber ssarit patriotic sons, nip
press ths conviction that Slavery is the first
last, and only eause of the rebellion, of
wnicn be stood forth ths aMs snd acknowl
edged exponent It is in vain to aay, a
many do, that Blavery is the pretext, and
not the cause. Why did they seek the pre
text? What should excite the desire for
it? Tbe spirit and intent of treason were
there ; whence came it? Is there yet som
other influence, not avowed, but more po
tent thaa that of Slavery, and dwarfing it
into the littloness ot a mere pretext ? No,
not so. In that "peculiar institution" is
found, not only that without which the re
bellion would never hare shown its horrid
front, but the creating and vitalizing power
which gave it life and hurried forward its
blasting steps. When the insurgents clamor
for "f riylU of mtlf-governmtnt" in th
face of the fact that no government has ever
been over them for an hour.but that of their
own ohoiceor their ewn making, they mean
self-government a identified with slavery,
separate irom any possiDie lorm ot govern
ment not so identified. When tbey vannt
ingly profess to be fighting for "indepen
dence," it is for independence of the govern
ment of their own tree and cordial adoption,
because "the chief stone in its corner" is
not Slavery. When they grind "the old
Constitution" between their war-clad heels,
and over its prostrate oolumns erect another.
it ia that the blood-stained portals of the
new may be the perpetual retuge and citadel
of Slavery. When they renounce the coun
try of their birth, and call that part of it
their country, whioh they can cut off with
the sword, it means that whore Slavery is
not shall not be their country; and it says
to Slavery: "Whither thougoestwe will
go; where thou lodgest. we will lodge; thy
people shall be our people ; where thou diest
will we die, and there will we be buried.
Do me not the injustice, my friends, to
suppose that I thus speak in any spirit of
fanatioism against the institution of Slavery,
or from any unison of sentiment with those
who have so long disturbed the country with
demands for it abolition. The 'Views I
have entertained for thirty years on that
subject remain unchanged, liuttw war
against the Coiuttitutinn of tiiy country ha
DRIVEN me to t lie conclusion I liave express-
etl, as it has 'tens of thousands of others.
who, like myself, were never associated
with any party which avowed antagonism
to slavery as an article ot ita political faith.
I have uttered the deliberate oonviotions of
my judgment on a subject which could not
be thrust aside iu any discussion of the pres
ent aspect of our national affairs ; and 1
should have held myself faithless to the sol
emn requirements ot this hour, it 1 bad fail
ed to speak what I believe to be the truth,
lost, perchance, it set some teeth on edge,
or bring down imprecations on my head.
What, then, it may be asked, shall be
done with this pernicious cause of revolt
and treason? Shall it, as some have urged,
be summarily destroyed by the strong arm
of military power, and the nation at once
relieved trom its baneful influence ? In my
judgment No I The nation need not fear
r . .. . .i , j .
to let it live out ine remainuer oi its allot
ted time, and is abundantly able to keep it
within its legitimate sphere, and hold it in
due subjection to constitutional rule. This
accursed rebellion can and will be subdued,
without resorting to a measure which would
involve the country in endless complications,
, t .1 r. ; 1. . 1. 1
ana xor au inueuuiui punuu mane uue-uaui
of the populated portion of the eastern slope
of the oontinent of little value to as or to
the world. And we owe a meed of kind
ness to our loyal and faithful brethren in
tbe insurgent States many thousands in
number who, overborne by the ruthless
and despotio sway which ever presides over
ks ,nn h.a. hnn n . nnuii, . n at m nr n. lira
IVIjnillUU, U.IV VW .U.WVU IV BM.UU U. u M
and tearful spectators of their country's dis
honor, and to accept the bitter choioe of im
poverishment perhaps death, or a silent
submission to a power they detest and
whose prostration they will be the first to
. i . r ,. .-o.
welcome. et not tne glorious old stars
and Strines in their victorious progress
Southward, be the harbinger to them
the loss of what the pirate nag tney nate
had soared. Let them not be reduced
the level of the traitors who have domina
ted their land, nor made to feel that the
oountrv. for whose triumph they have sigh
ed and prayed, beggars while it embraces
But let it ever be manifest that rebellion
nannnt be otherwise subdued, and that we
are shut up to choose between our noble
nnuntrv. with its priceless constitution, and
Slavery, then, with every fiber of my heart
and every energy of my nature, I will pass
along tne universal cry or. an par tins ;
"Down with Slavery Forever 1" 1 would
then no more hesitate which to choose, than,
in view of death, I would balance between
eternal life and eternal perdition. But,
manifestly, the time is not yet when
American people mutt make that choice.
They have but just got ready to strike the
rebellion, anu, aireauy uv uiuubwi jv.iu.
and stagger under (tunning blows. The
power ol this stalwart nation is out begin
ning to be felt The hundred diys which
bbem'at Fott Henry, and have already r-
oord'ed, the' glory of Fort Donelaoh, and,
with Goer help, mil br vivia witn an un
broken aerie ol like achievements, may
suffice to strike off the hydra's hundred
head ; but whether at their end or after,
the nation will oome forth rom the eoufliot
"fair a the moon, dear as the am, and
T.at ua hA natient like Washington,
we shall triumph a Washington T Let
not mnvert this war for the Constitution
to a war agaiusc Slavery, until it is evident
(that the former cannot be saved without
' extirpation of the latter. Let us nbt
quick to destroy what baa, in effect, al
ready destroyed itself. The doom of Slavery
was sealed by the South itself, on the day
that So'itb Carolina, in her ordinance of
Secession, led off in this danoe of death.
Tlie venom of treason then entered its vitals,
and its days, whether many or lew, are num
bered. But were it certain to liv in this
land yet a thousand years, it is just as cer
tain that never agaiu will the impious at
tempt be made to barter away our resplen
dent Union for an oligarchy of Slavery. The
ariatucracy of the kingdom of cotton has
struck its first blow at American republican
ism, and it wul be it last a ihe -Nation
sleeps no more over its liberties. Taught,
as never before, the incalculable value of
it free institution, and tb source of theii
danger, it ha already moan ted guard over
them ; and. evermore hereafter, by day and
by night in sunshine and in gloom, th
eery "AIT welt' at Ireadou will lis out
- ...i . A-.-m.
on tne sarawnir tnat wane u Jionnt er-
non the Nation benedictions on the name
Eleventh Hour Convents to Loyalty.
[From the Columbus Capital City Fact, Feb. 21.]
Were there any loyal doubt remaining of
, i j . . t , ,,. .
tne speeay crnsning out oi reoeuioa ana tne
restoration of tbe Union to its Constitution
al proportions, such doubt would certainly
hnd its solution and cure in tbe changed
tone of our Northern Tory friend within
ten days past. Among the many sympa
thizer with the Rattlesnake Confederacy
who disgrace the Capital City and ita im
mediate environs, it is now difficult to find
one who has not undergone miraculous
change of heart and sentiment ' 'on the eagle
question" sinoe Forts Henry and lonlaon
. ii . i j -
ten ana surrenaerea ineir garrisons.
Whether this "eleventh hour renentanoe"
should be accented as current loyalty, we are
given to doubt ; but as Southern Rebels,
token with arms in tbeir bands, are to be
thrown loose upon community without oth
er punishment than the humiliating one of
swearing allegiance to the country tboy tail
ed to destroy, we suppose it will be consider
ed magnanimous that Northern Traitors
should meet no stricter treatment It is not
Sroposed, however, that the amnesty to
outhern Rebels shall be general, but that
it shall apply nly to the lower strata of
chivalry, who were imposed upon andcoeroed
into hostility to the Government. The arch
Rebels and their shoulder-strapped-and-starred
subordinates are to be hanged, or
otherwise summarily dealt with. Now, in
asmuch as tbe great dinerence between
Northern Traitor and a Southern Rebel,
to tbe enormity ot the offence committed,
appears to be in favor of the latter, we are
at loss to discover why tne arcn-iraitora
. i ir.ii...i,..i l m. .?
tne v auanaignams, tne mat iuaruus, ana
the Statesman clique generally should be
taken into full social and political commu
nion on any more liberal terms than the
Davises, tbe slidells, the Masons, the Vt ises,
therloyds anq Uuckners. Ueo. Slanypenny
is no better man than Gideon J. Pillow, ex
cept that he knows on which side of the
ditch the tow-path lies ; and if the former
is to be allowed to continue as a loader
the shoddy Democracy, why not permit the
latter to resume his place in command
Recurring to the radical change that has
lately taken place in the tone of our seces
sion friends, an editors!, article in Sunday
morning's Statesman is suggestive of pass
ing remark. That we may not be misunder
stood aa ironically referring to our repentant
cotemporary, tor whose future prosperity
and eternal welfare we have so sedulously
labored, with such meagre prospect of suc
cess, we copy the concluding sentence of the
article referred to : "But we cherish the
hope the only substantial one we have for
our glorious union that the people ot tne
Nnr:h will frown upon and put down the
mad disunionists and incendiaries in their
midst as the southern people will soon
deal with the secessionists and contumacious
rebels in their own section." That is what
we have been laboring to accomplish, as
humble auxiliary in the great Union move
ment ever sinoe rebellion first showed
hydra head. We have, day after day, call
ed upon the people of the North to "frown
upon and put down the mad disunionists
and incendiaries in their midst," and for
doing which we are arraigned before a jury
of these very freemen whom we would shield
from danger at the hands of the ''disunion
ists and incendiaries who would crush
for our unconditional defence of Govern
ment We have labored faithfully,
all the effective energy at our command,
warn loyal people against and silence "the
secessionists and contumacious rebels
their own section, and in doing so we have
been arraigned for mentioning the names
of the very worst, most dangerous, and most
dishonest among them. In cherishing
belief that in the summary treatment
rebels is the only substantial hope we have
for our glorious Union, we have been called
to account by tbe very rebel Who are now
courting favor ot a people whose natiouality,
a month ago, tbey sought to destroy.
But the man that acted with treason when
his country was endangered by traitors,
not to be trusted now, when he finds
treacherous designs frustrated by the strong
lovai arm. To forsake a bad cause in
hour ef it adversity, for no more efficient
mauon than a desire not to' be found
tlA weaker party, is no less reprehensible
tnan 10 navejoineu n witu juu auuwieuxe
of its base intent. One is mean atid selfish',
the other cowardly snd treacherous ; while
both acta are dictated by the same black
hfeart. We would have entertained a
exalted opinion of th manhood of our
neighbors and eoteinporarics had
retained their treasonable sympathies'
a time arrived at which they could have
them without laying themselves
open to the unavoidable charge of base
Wrr at' fb, White House. -Our
"Washington Reliable" sends us the follow
ing flash of Federal fun by Telegraph : ,
"At the late levee at the White House,
the President asked the Russian Ambassa
dor whether he would hare taken him
an American if be had met hiiu anywhere
else than in this oo'utrtry." ...
who like Old Ab is bit of wag, "I should
have taken you for a Pole." , 1 . ,
."So I am," exclaimed the President,
straightening himself up to hi full attitude,
"and a liberty Pole at that"
Tall talking, wasn't it? Aranity
LUJL...-I'. ... JJ J ' .. is
TEAM! Of iDTEHTllllail
Om ateana, ftaa Haw er lea.,) oaa av Sum faeea-
Wacli eab.aoa.irl aamlt. .'.... ........ aa
On equare, rare taontka, a,
eta - ...ww-.wa.i , i j aaj
ByHa.acCryiI fr'ntta ervaaHaa,pataiek '
4 ana year and papal fat ,..,....4,H
Ilr-meiBaw atrv.m-.aa, Mm
ol e.ot.ire at anYuna. aid aai.aa.. lidl
m oteenli-ie; four ekangM, SH. A Mlaaaa, aea ava
(IT AnTanlenaeim ml ae' niaaj aiaiwMIl oneteai tl.
II -nrejrt.l Sirnraj am) TJnoma raaa aaa.
JJJIjJJ ""ca and a aalf fe nuee af enUaare aaWeeti
Arrival of Buckner at Jeffersonville
"His Views of his Surrender—Rebel
Gen. Simon B. Buckner nromiaiul r
hi Christmas dinner in Louisville. II did
not exactly koep bis promise, but reacharl
Jeffersonville, on the Indians shore oppo
site, on the 24th of February, not as a self
invited guest, bowover, but a a prisoner of
war. lie was brought no en tha atoajmr
Argonaut with hi staff. The Seoaahof
Louisville had gathered on the levee of that
city, ind itere much disappointed1 that th
boat kept to the opposite shore, whenoe,
a soon as its passengers were landed, they
were dispatched to Indianapolis. ..The
Louisville J ournal says i , '
Pen. Buckner expressed1 the opinon un
(Seejiiadly that he owed his captivity to tb
folly of Gen. Pillow. Th commanders of
the rebel force at Fort Donelson sgreed Up
on a plan of retreat, after they became aat
Ufied they could not win the battle; Pfflb'wi
with his forces, was to euthi way through
th right flank of tb Federal forces, and,
at a given period, was to signal Gen. Buck
ner, who was to attempt a similar feat
Pillow succeeded partially, but in the weak
ness of his joy over his supposed escape,
neglected the signalsand set about telegraph
ing a report southward that he bad won a
great victory in that deluding hi rebel
friends, for be was driven back to hi old
quarters, and only escaped by stealing out
after night-fall. . .
General Buckner rtates that the oppor
tunity was tendered him and his staff to
make their escape with Generals Floyd and
Pillow, and the plan was submitted to the
officers. After consultation they, with a
single exception, determined to share the
late ot their men.
Gen. Buckner expressed the opinion that
the rebels would not make a stand at Nash
ville. . a .
Capt. Walker,thecommanta of tfc com
pany who had been detailed to guard1 the
prisoners, mjs the rebel officers, notwith
standing they had been generously permit-;
ted to retain their side arms, formed a plan
to take possession of the boat on Sunday
nigbt, a short distance below tho city.r It
was discovered, however, and ita consumma
tion prevented oy the vigilance of Capt.
A Certain Class of Newspapers that
say one thing and mean Another.
[From the New York Post.]
We all know what this outcry for the Con
stitution means. Danger to the Constitd-
tion in tbeir dialect means dsnger to tha in
stitution of slavery. Substitute the ward
slavery ror the word Constitution in their
diatribes, and then tbe clamor they are'
making becomes translated lirtd intelligible
Nobody desires to overthrow the eonsti-.
tntion except the men in whose behalf
these organs of treason are making such aa
uproar. Tbe war against the constitution
is waged from the South, and from the
South only. It is the dsvebolding oligarchy
who hare thrown off its anthnrifv and rla.
fied ita defenders ; it is the North that
standa by the Constitution, defendait, pours'
out iu resources, summons tbe flower of Us
population and sheds its best blood to pro
tect and preserve it It is the basest of
slanders to charge those who are doing this1
with a design to subvert the Constitution..
Tet we can tell the Journal who are the
real foes of tho Constitution in the free
States and at the seat of Government . It
is those who demand that "concessions"
shall be made to the enemies of that sacred
instrument ; concessions to the men who
have taken up arms against it ; concessions
to the men who stole the content of out
arsenals, the coin in onr mints, the ships-of-war
in our navy yards, to make war upon it,
and who made traitors of the officers of onr
army and navy. The only men at the North
who are laboring to subvert the Constitution
are those who, like the Journal, ask us to
give way to treason, and make "sacritVes of
opinion" to the leaders of a causeless revolt,'
renouncing, on our part, principles as dear
to us as life, aad surrendering the eotfvlcV
tions of our own consciences for tbe sake of
a hollow peace, which the same restless and
ambitious cuts, on whose heads i all the
guilt of this war, would soon find means to
Beware of Them.
[From the Missouri Democrat.]
bel We would have our readers beware of a
man and beware of a newspaper that keeps
prating every day and in every issue, about
the "abolitionists of the North." Such rued1
and such papers may profess as much
Unionism as they please. Depend on it,
tbey are not sound ; you can t tie to them ;
tbey would desert tbe cause under pressure;
they are venal. True patriots do not spend
their time fighting any portion of the friends
of war. The Abolitionists, always few and
contemptible in number, are tor the warn
and that, is all we care to know. Thou who
are striking at them, only use them as
blind 7ifi'r true aim is the confidence and
loyalty of the people. When the abolitiow
ists engage in rebellion, it will be tirri'e'
enough to attend to them. When they are
doing all tbey can1 to put down the rebel
lion, the man who spends nr? time in aiuging
at them, is a poor excuse for a' rmtrioa.'' De
pend upon that Jlot generally ha will be
found to be a weak headed partizau, or a
heartless', unprincipled eecetoiim sympa
thizer. Beware of lain. ' "'
[From the Missouri Democrat.] To Let.
There tire more things "to let" than are
placarded. : Hearts are to let every day;
old hearts, young hearts, stricken hearts-.
all empty all to let . ; . ,. , .
T here are neaasio let; to any newtmngs,
to ism,' ologies, and ists ; heads without a
tenant. . - '
There are hands, to let' Hands plump
and fair ; hands lean and brown. Those to
lave, these to labor ; these for rage, those for
There ate eohacience .to let elustie and
accommodating, caoutchouc,; at five dot
ceut. a mouth, fixty per. cent' a year. To
let on' bond and mortgage and a pound; of
And to it goea from sods to seals ; almost?
everything to let, almost everything with its'
price ; everything in th uiaikot but gneftv
Jhey are never quoted, ncverat a promiina,'
' never "to let.''