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-.11 IL "Mil
.!. 11' 3 PUBLISH KT yd i
Bvery Thursday JTtorning,
V JMUBit tof Court leou.
ibw, per enuura, (II pSid vriihlo the
It n Mid w'lllfill. tear. '
CIbU el Ml. each. Ipeld III advance,)-
fTTN HP' dlteomlneeel anal (It arrearaf ce ere paid,
lauepl el Ik opuen 4( the publlalier.
, Ai E. WELLS,
Attorney at , Law,
' MARTIN'S FERRY, BELr CO. 0.
11,1. alien W eollecUag and teetirtoe; elairne.
. D. D. T. CQWEN,
Attorney at Law,
.I,'.;", ST CLAUUJVILLEV 0. . .,' '
".FFIPR ot.poelle he l-ewle Houee, aud er Troll'
J sufe. ,. . , , . i .. '
Dr. Jbhfi Alexander, .
bjT.. L.A.lIliHVII.I.rc, OHIO.
OVFICR AND RKSIUCTfCB In the Seminary prop
erty. Weal end of low, le.
riztJYT er swigm,
i , .. St. tlairsvtlle, Ohio,
JJAVK O.N HAND A FULL ASSORTMENT
Cloths, Casslmeres & Yesilns;
which ihty will mailt to order in the iieeie.1 iy I" "! un
a moat reaaonable terras. "7
DR J. W. FISHER,
HAVING permanently loemted in BT CLAmSVl t ,LE,
would rtpctfully announce that he iSarir
prepared to perform all operation. periaitiing
Ia hi nrafeaaioi..
iry- All worn warranteo to rive tausweuon.
OFPICU ferf ooora F,at of the National Motel, and
nearly oppoeiie the Chronic. office. fe7
J. ,W. COLLINS,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
(jVorfA tide Main Street,)
, CXAIttSTILLE, OtelO.
at P. RHODES WM. 8 rTARKIELD.
Rhodes & Wrfleld,
t (flucecMori to P .riles 4 Hro.)
' wholesale: grocers,
PRODUCE . COMMISSION
1 Bridgeport, Ohio.
r Teeth! Teeth!! Teeth!!!
DR. J- 8. ELY,
HAVINO permanently loomed in Somoyton,
Bttlinotit Co., Ohio, announce! thtit he m prepared to
fttrfnrm alt oDeratloi.it nertaiiiiitir to Hurir ica) or Median
leal DemUtry. ARTIFICIAL TKKTH iutori.-d eitlier
aiairle, in Uloeka.or with conttnuoua Gum on OObO.
mi.VRft r IH.AT1N PrTK in a t(ai,mMUauUa'
riiiiiffa. auid urafrajiied in fit.
Ujr keeplnff dp wiili tho Improvement e of tbo day. ho
ftopca ta mailt Uie pfttrotiaj-r oi Uia puuuo. lei
i M. J. W. GLOVER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
f . HT. I. AISSVILLR, O.
' tARTIOCLAK atltriilbn paid lo Hit MIllallKnt of r
J. uu. Fowert-of-AUoriiiiy aud otliarcouviiytituiiiK
lecutefl prouiplly; tuknowLuiueiitt 01 ueu, i'owt
f-Alionity And alort2Ke toh.it.
. OPFIUU up-uUorf Uellln'Drui8lot. (.
Junkins, Branum & Co.,
Produce and Commission
1 , AND DEALERS IN
" "' iron, JVails, Glass, Sc.
.' , 'f BIIIDOKPOUT, OHIO
,;,(,' A. BJ. COOK. Proprietor,
(L.lt of Lancultt, Ohio.)
1 rpHIS HOTJSB b .lusted btlwean the rltpoU
1 J tht Cxtrai Ohio. Kahiuiort and OliM. and (li. Cltvo
i aad n4 PilMourg h Roil Roadt. TTw Proprietor dm nut
hi Houm and Ut futntturt In fittt-elti. order. Ho
nuna m omniorll Iha utreliui pullia at all
oi"oid(rlileUiJidt . r ' ' ' !
. tna) ..... , A. E. COOK
'Thrfisner, Separator & Cleaner
ta4 Hotot Ptrl. Al.o,tht Ohio Opto Turab
, j , , SUaft ,
t, i aitd S Horta Power,
MARTIN'S FERRY, Bel. Co.
A t5aMthite f6r Turpentine
UtniiM, or iYaptha,
arUele much mMrior loTurnentlrvt for Painting. Var-'
at. ito.. and alUM luw rruuc ui' uu
aoa aiua lajv
YVts Oil la oonaidtraa tuperior to Lard or Sperm Oil
hi kiadt of Machmerr, and U .old at Iha LOW PRICE
' P QBIT8 PKR GALLON.
t . ... Carbon Oil and Lamp
' lil tor aalt at rerr tow pride, at '' ' ' k V
. " . , , J. W. COLLrNS Drtw Mora.
.lata' ,li ,1m t, . .!.. ... Clairaviia,Olii.
jPUTJIT Q TEEES.
150,000 Apple Trees,
A TO a YEARS OLD, TO FEET HIGH, and
M aoad aaaorunaut ot
Maobea, Peara, Plum, Cherriea, Aprloota, Neeu
' "liw ,aitHereCiraila.HlMklomea, Raapber-i-.
.i , . mniai4 xttartTtaat, a, Ac, Ac,
' . At lot
. 6 LM3NT COUNTV NURSERIES
Su".- 4 miles Northweaior St ClaifsYille.
''irPriMaia.ultlh. premrWa.3 '
. . . AU wdtra praaiUf aaaudtd tl. ' " . '
0. pBunuiwi. m v-
'MISS NANCY b. faris,
. rTWANKFUL TOR PAST FAVORS,
JL Intoraa nor cuaiomero ana in puu
h thai aha aat raaaivad and U now
JtV Mplirnclld AMorUnint j
, Btrnttti Trimmings,
"i IV- 'r-'-I taf PLOWEM, RlBBONf
... anmi nt ntMMTNrUi la oranarad
Vaka and trba all kind at aonnttt wltk naatam
Established in 1813.
ST. CLAIRSVILLE, OHIO, OCT.
Series- Vol. 2, No. 35.
The President's Proclamation.
The President's Proclamation. HOW IT IS RECEIVED by the PRESS.
The N. F. Tribune, oftho 23J, limply re
cupitulttes, in double leaded article, the
main foaturei of tbe proclamation, and adds :
" Such in brief are the proviitions of the
proclamation. It it the beginning of the
end of the robollion i tbo beginning of the
new life of tho nation. Ood bless Abraham
Llucolol" ' '
THE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION.
[From the Cincinnati Gazette.]
Our dispatches gire rery important
prcclatnation which -the President haa been
ueliboraling upon for aoma tim. It de
clares thnt ucn the 6rxt day of next Jan
uary the alnvea in all the district which then
continues in rebellion, - ahall be declared
free, and defended in their freedom by the
army and navy of tho United States. In
the district which continue loyal. Slavery
will not be disturbed: and the President
pledges himself to urge upon Congress the
compensation of all loyal owners for their
slaves which are made tree by the orime of
the rebellious majority.
Slavery has been the great lever of the
rebellion. The President now makes it a
lever to restrre peace and the Union. The
way to save Slavery is simply to submit to
the Constitution, aud accept the security it
always had. The way to destroy it is to
persist in rebellion.
The President also promulgates his order
to bis subordinate officers in the army and
navy to obey the article of war prohibiting
the use of tho United States forces for re
turning fugitive black men td slavery, and
warns tbe offiours of the penalty of dismis
sal from the service.
lie also orders them to obey the law
which frees all slaves of rebels who escape
to our lines. This article of war and this
law have been evaded and grossly violated.
The strict enforcement of them may be
made a means of crippling the resources of
the enemy, and of aid tdTis, which will have
a very important offoct on the suoeess of the
war. Tho reception of fugitives from the
enemy, and their protection, is the great
5 radical means which can be made of this
omestio relation, in prosecuting the war.
The encouragement which protection will
give, will cause the base of supplies to cru in
itio irom me rcueinon; wmio so long as
Slavery was made secure bv our harsh, un
certain and treacherous treatment of such as
reached our linos, the enemy a moans of
subsistence were secure.
Un the other hand, our drafts for the
army now begin to toll heavi v on our sun
ply of labor, and will soon affect production
and subsistence. It is not making war in
earnest when wo protect tho compulsory
labor ysteni which feeds the enemy, while
draw ouTTrun labotvrs mto the field and
reduce our own supplies. The order to obey
toe article oi war, ana tuo law m regard to
fugtives from tbe enemy, covers the great
practical (onture of the Slavery question as
a means of putting down the rebellion ; and,
if rigidly enforced, will of itsull constitute a
new war policy.
THE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION.
[From the Wheeling Intelligencer.]
On the 22d of Auitust last, the President
of tho United Statos wrote a latter to Hor
ace Uroeley, editor of tho New York Tri
une, in ruijiv to a mtbho letter which Sir.
Ui'bdley had addressed to him through his
paper a lew days previous. In that letter
tbe President declared to the world thut bis
policy concerning slavery in this war was
governed solely and exclusively by its rela
tion to tbe paramount consideration ot sa
vine the Union. His own words wuroi
VV hut 1 do about slavery and the colored
race 1 do because it holus to save this Un
ion; aud what I forbear I forbeur bcoauso
do uot believo it would hclu to save the Un
ton. X Shall do less whenever 1 believe
what I am doins hurts the causo. and
shall do more whenever I shall believe do
mi? mora will heln the causa."
We cite the extract as preparatory to call
ing attention to tbe Droo Isolation of the
President which aunearedin our telesranhic
. l.... 'IM ti :j . '
wiuiuiia xcsburuu. a ut. t reaiuum in pur
euance ot the oolicv laid down in the nam
graph which we have quoted has issued his
proclamation giving notice that "on the
nrst day ot January, in the year ot our
Lord, one thousand eiaht hundred ami aix.
three, all persons hold as slaves within
any State or any designated part of a State,
the pttople whereof shall then be in rebellion
against the United States, shall bs then and
tlienceiorwurd and torever tree, and tbe
Executive of the Government of the United
Statos, including the military and naval au
thority thereof, will recognise and maintain
the freedom of such persons, and will
do no ant or acts, nor repress such persons
or any oi them in any enorts they may make
tor their aotual Irsadom.
These two extracts, the one from the
President's letter and the other from
proclamation, logically follow each other.
Fair notioe was given to tbe world by
President that there might come a time
when in bis judgment it would be necessary
for him to do more than he was then doing
reference to slavery, la fact the' Pies-
idant leaves all all readers to infer that
was his belief that the time was coming,
indeed it was the belief of nearly evory man
and woman in the loyal States who
niiud and intelligence enough to appreciate
the cuu.e of the war and tbe changes which
bad cuaraotericod tiubho sentiment in reter
enee to that cause. The policy assumed
the President yesterday was siinulv a Ques
tion of time. It had to come so certainly
the war went on.: Ail thinking men have
agreed that there was every orobabilitv
ine iiiaiuuuon ui eiuvory wuutu gn uu'ierm
. C u ,
this war. Andrew Johnson, ot leuueee,
distinctly avowed it in one of his great
speeches in the U. o. senate. Hon.
seph Uolt said so early in the campaign.
Brownlow told the people of Tennessee
befuro his paper was destroyed. And were
we inclined to quote John S. Carlile against
i : fi .1,1 t. BUA.i. ( ML.k
Itiuneru, we wuw uiw bwtcto u, wrivb
7th, 1861, in the Richmond Convention,
which he gave notioe that, secession was
death-Dlow oi aicvery. ah me mailing
man of the border States have concur
red in the opinion that the South bad
tha ehoioa between submission to
Federal Government or. the destraotion
Tha time baa coma in the judgment br
President to issna his lsst notioe and warn
ing to the peogla of the South who art
rebellion. And accordingly they are notift
ed that if they Continuo iu rebellion alter
tho first day of January next thuir ilaves
shall be forever free. In thi proclamation
the President will have the warm support of
the loyal State. His fricndi will ail be
united now and he will not alienate a tingle
man whose heart is in the oautte. All men
have taken tneir sidus ere thin, and he who
ia not lor tho Union now will never bo for it
except upon grounds oi policy. Tbe Pres
ident does what he proposes simply because
he finds it necessary for the salvation of tho
Union, and with his great opportunities for
knowing what is necessary, and his honent
heart always to dictate to him what is right,
the people will rally round him closer and
oloscr. There will be some persons who
wiU mate tbe prodatDatrun the ooftasion. for
the commencement of hostilities just as
they made the first proclamation ho ever is
sued an occasion. But as they did not ef
fect their ends then so they will not now.
Such people will bo tramped to tho bottom.
They cannot roll back h tide of events.-.
That which has been so long prophenied is
now uion us. jt tne guilty lieacl ol se
J.et the guilty iiesd oi
.'. . . .. . w -
rt,; " 1 " i" i " .. "
my trom one loyal man or woman, for
our part while we deplore the stern neces
sity that has compelled the President to the
step he has taken, we say a thousand Aniens
to the proclamation. In tho language of
that distinguished patriot Col. Mmo I V, of
ry., we say it we can not nave slavery
and the Union both give us the Union and
let slavery die the death it has brought upon
THE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION.
[From the N. Y. Tribune, 24th.]
In sacred and Drofane Dnetrv. tho enitome
of all human wisdom, there is no truth
more olearly recognized than that in tho
lives of nations and of men there comes
sometimes a precious moment, a mere point
of tinio, on the proper use of which depends
salvation for that life, whether temporal or
eternal. That moment has come us. The
proclamation of the President, which gives
in a certain contingency almost suro to oc
curFreedom to four millions of mon. is
one of those stupendous facts in human his
tory which marks not only an era in the
progress of tho nation, but an epoch in the
history of tho world. Shall we recognize
and use it wisely, or ahall we, blindly and
foolishly, refuse to see that wo have now
our future in our own bands, and enter upon
that downward earner which loads eventual
ly to ruin and oblivion?
... ...... . .
V e tremble at this tremendous responsi
bility. We cannot forget how for nearly
half a century the people of this country
have been taught in the church, the school,
and on tho political platform, that evil is
our good: that the one sacred thing in all
onr institutions is the system of Slavery.
LSut we remember al90 with c adnesa and
with hope that the countar lesson has boon
taught by a portion of the " tre.s, by the
pulpit, here and tiiore faithful to its saored
trust, by the way-tide by self denying men,
that Lanerty is above all tilings precious,
the one thing without which there is no
truthful and pcrmati out national life, and
no individual development out ot which
greut nations grow. We remember how the
events of tho past two years have done and
undone the work of half a century : and
.the peoplo of ISOOhave become, in 1862. a
people ot a totally iliuerent and new intel
lectual and moral lit'o. Whereas in 1 860 we
bowed before, while we devoutly believed
in the safety and tho Wisdom of Human
Slavery, in 1862 we know it isourcursoand
our danger, costing us already the lives of
hundreds of thousands of our young men,
and theatening tho dearer life of the nation
But win lo wo roioice and hope for the
best, we still tremble. Thore are among as
men whose foolishness will not depart from
tbora though it be brayed in a mortar oth
er men who will not oouse from wicked ways
while in the flesh. But the emancipation
which the President has proclaimed ia tho
emancipation of more thai, four millions of
black sluves ; it is the freedom of well-nigh
twenty millions from a thraldom they have
been tuuirht to reverence. Have they learn
ed aright the lessons of the last two years ?
Do they know now that they also have been
in bondage, and will they accept this great
boon of freedom which a wise ruler offers
them? Wo hope so; we devoutly pray
that wisdom may enter iuto tho hearts of
.... , i . i i i . ,
all the people, iei ine rresment Know
that everywhere throughout all the land he
is hailed a Wisest and Best, nnd that by
this great deed ot enfranchisement to an
oppressed peoplo a deed, tho doing where
of was never before vouchsafed to any mor
tal ruler he re-orcates a nation.
For such indeed is the fact. By a single
blow he has palsied the right arm of rebel
lion. Slavery is the root of tbo rebellion ;
he digs it up by the roots. Property in
alarm), the unnallinE events of the last two
years show, is dangerous to the existence of
the nation; he destroys sucn property, ine
RbIm a are dependent tor their daily sub
sistence upon their sluves ; ha makes those
slaves freemen, as sieves tney are ine
nmra auhiects of Rebels, to toil for them.
tn ha iiHed bv them as beasts of burden : as
freemen they are the loyal allies of a free
flnvnrnment. asking only in return tne pro
teolion whioh suoh a government gives to
the humblest citisen. y a word the rresi
riant transforms a Stat sank in the -semi
barbarism of a medieval age to the light
and oivilixation of the Nineteenth Christian
Century. As It is not extravagant to say
that God had hid away this continent till
the human raoe had reached aits manhood
and was fit to enter upon so fair an inherit
ance, so it is a simple statement oi a trutn
to suy that in all the ages there has been no
aot of one man and of one people so sublime
as this emancipation of a race no aot so
fraught with good for the sons of men in all
time to come. . .-'.
Is the President in advance of the peo
rOV VVa think not. and tho evidence of
only four and twenty hours already sustains
our oonviotion. There are men of the baser
am-r aihn nam and flaVif. who Will brnnhesy
evil, sod (strive to make their prophecitw
their own fulfillment. When was it ever
otherwise? Bnt this man, sprung from the
people, has gauged tho wisdom and the
virtue of the commonalty, and speaks with
their voice. The sagaoity and the integrity
whioh so distinguish him hava no mire
failed him now than heretofore. All good
men praise him ; all far-seeing men approve
his aotion : all brave men applaud the cour
age which, uoappalled by accumulating
danger, never falters, never yields but puts
forth its strength at the right moment, and
plants the right blow in lh right plseo. It I
is tho wav to nrinqner it must eonquer; It.
cannot fail. The reserved strength of the
ueonle has never been wanting in any crisis
that has calle 1 it fiirth. We Mark off the
war into periods when some new exigency
it haa manif'twfrtrl it with llopfnaritcd iKlffor.
It began with the tall of Suntor. When,
trviunn futled awav lika daikne before thai
livht. The Proclamation of Emancipation
will bring out that full strength, and the
Union as it should be will data . iroin tn
day of its consummation. ...
THE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION.
[From the Philadelphia Press—Douglas paper.]
, The rebellion is at an end t The Presi
dent baa. duoe aygnoddeed. ait jpod time.
Ha has pronoutAeJ iha ueSgalftiery on
tbe American Continent. ' After dallying
with this great sin,, because he dreaded to
do violence to the iriturts and wishes ot
any portion of the people, he has accepted
the lesson of experience, aud ends the war
by putting an end to the cause-of tho war.
If this rebellion has taught us anything, it
is that by slavery we have been defeated in
our national nrorress br slaver the rich
est and fairest portions of our Republic have
heen kept a desert and a wilderness bv
slavery a groat part of the people have been
estranged from one another by slavery our
institutions have been preventod from de
veloping the blesrings our fathers intended
they should bestow, hlavery has been the
perpetual disgrace to the American namo.
Slavery has bloomed inti? aeditinn and ripen
ed iuto war. Why should it lire? It has
menaced our dearest rights, and has robbed
us ot our dearest kindred. This fearful
monster, intertwining itself around the vitals
of the Republic, retarding iu growth, des
troying its usefulness, making its very exis
tence wretched, at last sought to take tho
lite which had nourished it, and to rend the
bosom on whioh it had' germs, ' In self-de
fence we have wrestled in its embraces
wrestled in blood, war. carnage, desolation.
and slaughter and all in vain. The strug
gle is now for lifo or death. If slavery lives
the Republiodies. The Republic must live,
and so slavery muit die. This is the meiu
ing oftho President's proclamation, anl his
worus record slavery a luovua-jie aooiu.
President Lincoln has followed tha logical
course of events in issuing this proclamation.
lie has neither been too soon uor too late.
He had a multitude of interests to consult,
all of which involved the soaial, commercial,
and political hapninoss of our people. He
found the institution of slavery sustaining a
great agricultural iutertst in many States of
the Union. Cotton, sugar, rice, tobacco.
and other staples, seemed to live upon its
labor, and vast European and American en
terprise on its preservation. The ban. lots
of Lancashire tho counting room? of New
York the looms of Francs I . to tbo utter
most ends of the earth in India and Aus
tralia the safety of chs cottoa'cn op and tbe
protection ot cotton iaoor wero matters ot
comfort and DOuesgity. raiment and bread.
It was not an easy thing to proclaim a dcoree
so universal in its application, and s i radical
and even disastrous in its operation. And
to the honor of President Lincoln be it said.
that he did uot make this proclamation un
til the masters ot the cotton Cropun i cotton
labor compelled him to do so by their trea
son and violence. Slavorv might have pass
ed uway in its Own gool time, uudor the
gentle iiiflucuce ot beniflcsnt free institu
tious, and the world would not have tell
tha change. Thuy urasp-.'J at universal eiu
pile and sought to overthrow a fiee Repub
lic, that a Republic with slavery for its cor
ner stone might be urectod on its foundations.
How much they hsve done to accomplish
this wild and terrible design, the dieaJful
experiences of tbo past two years ibo blood
that has been shed tbo devastation thut
baa been inflicted tha general ruin that bus
everywhere extended and the sad history
theise days aro wauUng. . .wilUtytify. . Tha'
history is at an cud. Tne President turns
a now leaf, and at tha head of the page
He has wtitten emancipation, and there
it will last forever, a tribute to his own wise
statesmanship and tbe fortitude ot tho
American people. . The patience, and self-
denial we have inamtestdd trom the begin
ning, in fighting this war with smaller weap
ons while the great engine of death still re
named in tbe arsenal, must torever bo a
wonder. But as we havo been patient and
self denying before, let us be active, vigi
lant, and unrelenting iew. it any ono ever
dreamed that out of this chaos of war and
destruction peaoe might suddenly come as a
compromise, or by submission, lot him dis
miss it trom nis orain luce an mie a ream
that it was. This proclamation of the Presi
dent onds tho rebellion. It will not do so
to-day, or oven to-motrow, bat it will end
in a very short time, and in a very summary
manner. Wo are now. putting tbe axe to
the root; heretofore we have contented our
selves with trimming the boughs, and break
ine tha branches, foivattimr that new life
was constantly oozing from tfc soil. It
does not ooiue as a wild exhibition of des
pair, nor as a mere effort to rouso a droop
iiio- nublio sentiment or rally beaten and dis
heartened columns. It is the manifestation
nftha Northern power : It is the result of
overwhelming viotories.' We have shown
tha-robela that the sword is potent with us ;
we have shown them that,, without going
beyond the mere voluntary offerings of lile
and treasures, we nave .una ipetr conscript
Confederacy at onr feet and now we pio
norai to oruah where we have conquered,
and to take away the life of the great crim
inal who has been indicted and ooaviotsa at
the bar ot Christian oivuuauon,
THE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION.
[From the Cincinnati Commercial.]
' It is to be expected when the President
issued his proclamation concerning the ne
gro question as involved in the war, that his
policy aeoiareu id a wumw uo uiinpiwa
aA V,u the nervers nsrtisans whoeS oppon
tion to tbe Administration ia sbarpeoad sod
envenomed by hostility to tbu cause of the
...miAiMnw of the Oovernment - ' '"
W hat ia the oolicw that ibtj Pwvi Sen thus
declared? ' Has he Issued the proclamation
of immediate, nneondiliooal and universal
emancipation, wmcn was aetnanaca or mm
by the radioals ? Certainly not. '
Ha declares that tbe war is to be prose
cuted hereafter, as heretofore, with the
view of restoring the constitutional relation
betweed the General Government and tbe
..Anl. nP .ha inatihardinata States.
lie reaffirms his policy ot compensated
emancipation in ths border States, and
paying loyal citiioui who may be deprived
of lav proj erty by acta of the Cnitod
States Government the full value of snob
property. Is there anything scodlnss, in
disRriminat, irrational, fanitioal, in this?,
onizatioti, hiving niditposition to allow the!
uniaticirjairu negroa to vw inruni upon un'
wining cauitnunities. 11 tne people ot tns
United States desire to pay for the exiror-
tation of black laborers, there is no doubt
the President is ready to accommodate tbeifl
by seconding their wishes; and be is now
lookiug out for eligible places lur eulouies of,
" And wh U Th.7 the President propose.
to do oo the first of January? Dobs bo!
propose to use military power to makt the;
niirro tha aaual of tha white man. as tbu
dtrtict siaM of demagogues will ' asvuiue?
Does he prouoe to make tbe war a "fight
for niggers?' Not a bit of it.
All that any reb-sl State has to do this
day to come into the Union with all her con
stitutional rights unimpaired with full
power to control her local and domestic af
fairs (including the slavery question) subject
only to tbe limitations upou provincial gov
erniiier.t of the Constitution of United
States is to acknowledge the authority of
the General Government and send hnr rep
resentatives to Coogress. And if, after the
huudred davs warning-, the rebels still hold
out and make war upon the loyal people of,
tne nation, u is 10 oe prociaiu.v
in the States and parte of States, in reliei
lion. The endeavors of the negroes them
selves to become freemen, will not be re
pressed by the national troops, but they
will be countenanced aud supported in tbe
attempt they may u ake to dissolve tbe
servile relation which they bear to their
masters. If a loyal man loses slaves h is
to be paid for them. If a rebel loses slaves
there ia an end of iu The slaves are not
to be elevated by anv artificial proooss.
The weight of the United States authority
is to be removed from their shoulders, and
they are to be allowed to fight for tuem
We do uot perceive that any friend of his
country has a right to be displeased or
alarmed at this policy the announcement
of which has all along been a question of
time and expediency, a question which it
would be worse than useless now to discuss.
It has been apparent from the first of the
war, that if the rebels carried it to an ex
tremity, their pet institution their "corner
stone as their Vice-President called it
would be destroyed. They now receive fair
warning, that in a little mure than three
months the Gcvermnent will promote rath
er than interfere with tbat destruction,
which clear headed men the world over have
seen was the logical result of ths rebeliiou.
Ws gladly publish tbo following letter,
believing that, in its hearty response to ths
Proclamation of ths PrcJident, it speaks the
sentiment of thousands of loyal Democrats
with whom its author has hitherto acted:
N. L Tribune.
lo the Editor of the T. Tnbune StR:
"God bless Abraham Lincoln l"Tai
BCNli Editorial, Sept. 23, 1862.
Amen, with all my heart. "And let all
tbe people say Amen," while humanity aud
religion take up the invocation and join in
the supplicated good. God bless ThbTrI-
bunk, too, for its persistent denunciation of
tho monstrous wrong which has sapped the
vitality and virtue ot the Nation. Slavery
udeait. and the Republic Uvett Lives a
new life, graduated by tbe principles of
Uod s eternal justice, ihetouttalla ot ad
vancing Freedom throw their forward echoes
upon the gladdened Cars of liberty-loving
luon, and soon the imprints ot bcr mighty
troad will be disoornable over and upon the
prostrate and mortal remains oftho haughty
but doomed slave power. Ths American
Republic henoaiorward is free) ia fact and in
name. 'God bloss Abraham Lincoln I"
RICHARD BUSTEED. New York, Sept. 23, 1862.
[From the Indianapolis Journal, 18th.]
We learned last night from Adujutant
Siawson, of CoL Wilder's regiment or
rather of ths detaohment of about 200 re
cruits whom CoL Wilder started with to
join his regiment, but had to stop at Mun-
inr.ivii a tnat attar tne reou se or duck-
ner on Sunday, the main body of Bragg's
forces on Tuesday, about 10 o'clook in the
morning, again attacked onr army. Our
fumes aonsisted ct a detachment ot tne l an.
ths SUth, 67th, 89th, 68tb, two companies
of tbe 74th, and tbe Adjutant thinks the
fiiith. (Col. Owen's.) all of Indiana, a com
Dsnv of Indiana cavalry, tne numoer oi
whioh he has torgottoo, and ten pieces of
ert illorv. Four pieces of artillery were In
diana guns under Lieut. Mason. The oth-
rt i ... rrv c i.!
era were an unio uatwry. auej ugauug
annt nued until fi oolook on Tuesday even
ing, . and all parlies then rested oo tbsir
arms till davlignr. inen it was aaeenaiueu
that Gen. Polk was on the North side of the
river with 8,IU0 men. . Oo Tuesday night
about 12 o'clock a reply was made to s flag
nf truna from tbo enemy, to ' whioh m re-
arjoas was made about S o'clock ia the
morning, arrauging ma tanas oi uapitum
inn. , Tho aurrandar was unconditional.
At this time Adiulant Siawson mads bis
escape, but ho could bear the music of the
rebel . forces marching into ths entrench
stents. Hei did not aes ths surrender, as
ba did not atop to look at ths show. Soma
fuw of our men made tbsir escapa with the
Adjutant, but uot many. . The total foroe
oo our side does not muoh exeeed 4, Out) men,
Tha rebel fore loree was stated by them
selvaa at 30,400. Tb disaster is thus ooo-
- j t ...... t
At this time Basil was lying si Bowling;
Urvso, doing nOMimgai an.
A Pan ATI letter from Mr. Chus, Wright,
. aha mihoet Bautoo. to bfesistsr ia o-
ebsatar, N. If., give! as amusing eewnot of
su intsrvaew wttb s tumt)eraanr,upins i
wi near, who had never heard of tha trou
bles about secession, and received bis. firet
intimation that war was rjging from our
fbroes on tne gunooau, ao uau Daen iu toe
gum bwampa tor four years; during largo
portion of the time he bad not sson a single
human being. When ha met our gunboats
.n.t hoard nftha war he was muoh astonish
ed, aa may well be supposed. - He. was pu
I njg way, at the time, to Vicksburg, tots
oare, market for bit lumber.
The Terrible Disaster at the Allegheny
The followini letter, irom our esteemed
friend, Joa. Askew, Was crowded out of our
PITTSBURGH, Sept. 19, 1862.
M. Editor : Ho true it is, that "in
ths midst of life we are in death," and in
what an awful manner tbi was verified rnt
Wednesday afternoon in this vicinity. The
laboratory of tbe Allegheny Arsenal was
.Dtire!y blown to atoms by the erplosioti of
".Instiblesin it, c.usinr the inst.n.
of at least seventy person, chiefly
females, of, various ages. Ths first alarm
if! tb citl srsa mads by ths fire UUa, sod jt
was gensrallr i sought bymojtof theettiseos
that there w ire somewhere in ths city.
But when the word cams beating the sad
news, a rush was made to tbe scene of hu
man destruction. May I never behold such
another sight ; tha building oo firs, low,
dying moans within ths wreck, bodies
thrown as high as thi tops of trees that
.,-j - , ...
lodged on the limbs, parts of bodies in every
form were Strewn over ths grounds, some
were found from two to four hundred yards
rrora where the explosion took plaee. My
hem even now sickens whils penning this
short statsment at to dreadful a sight. In
one hour's time after tbe explosion, thous
and, bad gathered to witness ths scattered
dead, myself making one of ths number.
As to ths real causa of ths horrible accident,
I havt not learned, soma say ons thing,
others another ; but ss s committee will re
port to-morrow I hops the true ' oauss will
be given to ths public - .
: Tbs two paymasters art among the dead,
as it was pay day, and this was fortunate,
for a good many who no docbt would . hsve
met ths same fats as those who wers killed,
I am informed, at they retired from lbs
building, at thoy usually do upoo pay day.
Those who were not blown up, burned to
death. Two skeletons were found embraced
iu each others arms, supposed to be sisters.
I shall oottutetnpt to describe everything
minutely, for it is snongb to say that as I
walked around the premises, an arm, s leg,
s head, iu fact, every conceivable ahspe sod
parts of the human body could be seen ;
but that which moved the sympathy of ths
panic-stricken crowd was tbe shrieks of!
mothers, fathers, sisters aud brothers. It
was only to tell an anxious mother that your
daughter it among the ruins, when it would
seem that hei poor heart would burst, and
the reply would be, "ob I oo, it oannot be,"
and thousands of exclamations that would
melt the stoutest hearts to tenderness, and
eyes to fountains of tears. And to increase
the bereavement of relatives, but very few
corpses could be recognized. I wss on tbe
ground whils bodies and parts of bodies
were being gathered up, and placed in ro
tation, and to witness tht friends of the
inkling coming along this row of human
fragments, still tryiog to discover tome trace
of their lost. Hero again was s sad picture
and the lamuetation I never can drown in my
ears, Uh I bow anxious each one was to
know the corps of their missing ones.
But I must draw thia tot close, by stat
ing th:t tbe funeral took place oo Thurs
day afternoon, sod was the largest ever wit
nessed here. I should have written sooner,
but was so completely nnrntnedby ths shock
I could uot Fours, 4c,
from a Belmont in the
CAMP AT "OLD SOLDIERS HOUSE" D. C.
Sept. 22d, 1862.
Editor Chboioclk Thinking a few
lines from this locality might not be unin
teresting to turns of the reader of THE
CURONicu, 1 thought I would send you a
few notes for insertion. Although s "Buck
eye," snd from "Old Belmont," (I hop
you will not think it unpatriotic towards my
native State.) I found it somewhat more
oonvsoinnt to volunteer in tho "Old Key
stone," having resided there tor some time
Two oompaniot of us hsve been detached
from our Regiment, (2d Bncktail Rifles)
and for the present are acting us guard
around "Old Abe a house. This u a One
Summer retreat, famishing s fine view ' of
tbs City, Petonwo, and surrounding , coun
try; at tbe same time, at s very, convenient
distance from Washington, (about three
mtlea4 Presideot Lmoolo is p tb s city .the
greater part of bis time, going dowo- i abqot
7 o'clook Jo the. na or 01114, . jnd , twtnrniug
about 51 o'clook in tbe evening. - He is at
tended, to snd from the city, by e small
body of Cavalry, lis appears to bear ' op
under tbe great weight of national affairs
very well, yst ons an notice a , oaro-worn
look tiDow his counaenauoe. 1 Tbs soldiers
always reosrvshfc attention, be aVKresJs
pawngr tbm . without reoofcoiijng
ihtmm some neurosr. Mr. JUncolo, or
"Ajom Abe," as aoaaevof the keys oafr her,
eMm toeujlwrSatrrmer residence very
well; at tbs appears to be bars tst majority
nf her time. 1 ' ;"'! ' '"'" ," 'k "
The (Jovertment Aylrrm ber,' for worn
autoldier,Uafius balds- (It la prolsVy
mors extensively known as ths "Old sol
dura Home." 1 It is bUUt witb Free Stone
has large aud wtll ventilated balls, fine por-
riaoea. a library, &a Its tower affords one
of the finest views of the surrounding coun
try, of any position around here. Tbs walks,
arbors. ttort. bnU)fieeT vo., wtmu. to
TERM or lll.irilhlt.l
Ona aqaar. (Tea liaac or Itaa.i ana ar ti itrnr .
Rat a :( u hi ineftUH
Oire eifuaM. U'fe mviitaec-
CTS.jflM Oarttf r.if v, wn lliiet.pa'lith.
.a. r.ar asl af.r lor. S tS
P7-ttMr.t4niffr. W f.ee.r a SHf'
a .l-n at kf am. !itrvrV- l.f umi
iwt ,i.f four an.ng.a. sen.
ir.TA'!.rii'fn!... em nirimmmr4 ih m..n
fre,,..!. Aiheii.rv-d aim. for bul. and ahars aeavra
fTT-"-.-!.! V.;t a Pwaiji Cmvatw anrse-
li.r., onea en a haif Uie ntee of eMlaarr ..-
grounjtrare finely arranged. Beside . lie
houso which the President occupies, Col.
Alexander and Dr. King have also firrt
residenoes, within the grounds. The "Old
Soldisrs Tlome'' would be an honor to any
Gjvt : nment Ours is, oortaiuly, a "Grate
ful Country to her Defenders."
To-day, from every village and hamlet
throughout the North, our fellow country
men are gathering to defend thai :ountry,
whose benign Imtitufiocs we have ao boun
teously enjoyed. This is indepd goodly
land, one endeared to us by every kindred
tie. Hurt sleep the dust of our ancestors!
her we have lived, here lot us die. -
Bull mut rhr for .the present ' If time
permit, and. if acceptable, I tday drop' you."
a line occauoually, after w'e. get oo ths
march. 1 remain yours, cordially,
The Political Contest.
On!y three weeks now remain until the
ijottitMr election. In that tune, as tar aJ
viiiun pany is ccnoernea, tne ranvsss is
,, Uco.nmenosd and closed. Whatever
organization is effected, whatever work is
done, must bo done quickly. The party
styling liioit.seires UemocraUc, thnugh cast
ing out trom tbem suoh men as Governor
ToJ. Dr. Dorsey of this State. Senator
Wright of Indiana, Senator Johnson of
Tennessee, and a host of others who are
heart and soul in the Union cause, have
been imldstrio'isly at work or the leaders
have been for months pa-it. They have
let slip no opportunity to debauch publio
sentiment, to airaken party prejudice, and
Combine) as many ot the people together as
po-oible in a party conflict.
Inatant in season and out ofseasoo, for
tbe war and against the war, sustaining ths
Government and opposing the Government,
endorsing the President and condemning
the "rA5CaIs," denouncing the President as
an "abolitionist aud praising him as a con
servative, for givisg-Vtbe latt man sod the
Ian dollar" to put dna tbe rebollion, and
cursing the tax law by which a part of ths
dollars were to be taken, tic. according to
the person to l to iu3uenocd. and the cir
cumstances surrounding them, have only
been a few of the means employed by the-iu
to secure, if that were possible, party sue
cej.s in Octcber next.
However disagreeable thi duty may be,
the issue must le met, and tbe people pre-
Sared for the proper verdict on the id Tues
ay in October. There is no lunger time
fur delay, while all the appliances of party
machinery are being employed against tbe
Luton voters oi the OLaU. It were vain to
permit the election to go by default when
luchvretuendous issues arc at stake. lbs
success of the to-called Democratic party in
ths North would be hailed as the rainbow of
promise to the rebels in arms. They woaM,
in such triumph, feeiasaured of the triumth
of their rebellion, in the permanent dissolu
tion of the Union, or in the dictation of such
changes as would eonoevL' everything to re
On this there can be no question la ths
mind of any one who has surveyed ths
whole field, and has allowed unbiased rea
son to lead him to his conclusions. It ia so
understood in England, so understood in
the South, and so understood io'the cind of
every man in tha North, with whom patri
otism ia above party.
It is time then far ths people, the loyal
masses, to be turning their attention to ths
approaching election. It is time they wart)
making the necessary preparation, iu ths
end that the voice of the loyal North shall
have no unaertain sound in the ears of reb
els in arms aud in ths ears of ths whole
world. .Sandusky RegLtor.
Their Last Opportunity.
Not ao axiom is clearer than this propo
sition vis that Slavery is the cause of
this war. Had we not had slavery smnng
us we would not hare had this war. Tha
President recogaixss this great truth and so
dose the country. In the nature of things
then, as the Louisville Journal ably re
marked s few days ago. "A war lor slavery
it a war against it." And this is tbe issue
that tbe rebel, ous South has presented to
tho country and to ths world. The Presi
dent taket up the issue, and says if you will
nave slavery without tne Union we will nave
the Union without slavery. So ba it, be
says. You have cuoacn your issue- eung to
it "if you dire.
But an hour is left to tbe South, as it
WOIV, W W,., .,, ...
The President puts tbe question to them,
for ones and torever, will you leave on your
rebellion while It is yet timer i" naeliDg
The Feeling in Charleston.
A private letter dated CharlestDU,' lily
28, which a South Carolinian managed to'
send a friend in the North, says that there
i" little doubt that with the defrat of tbs
Rebrl army in Virginia, the Souther Con-
fjonfederacy ends its existence. I be nopes
of the South, he says, are staked upon ths
soecese of that army.
n The letei1" alarv states that bad tb
battfe of Jsmes Issnd rssutted in favor of
tbe National troops, as it might have doua
easily, had there been SOO more men irr iha
attacking forcea, fjhartestou would nave
fallen. Everything was staked upou ths
it of that one oooosft, aoo) tha eitiaens
were rrenanng to ia.e wncn rne unax
fjeoud defeat of Geo. Beuham brought tbem
aix . a. '' ;'"
WmBt tJew. Rew felt. Gen.' Sinters
wss srithlu s few yards of him. Da was in
eommand of ths division firnerly com-
mandad by Junto inoTeated hy several dw
regiments, and ths men bad Just dirrin
guishsd themselves in drivinc the robe!;
from the summit of the B'"t RidjH
Thswe Oenerals were brwm friends; bad
been classmates st West Poirt. and) rrsd-J-sted.toiretbeT.
ben RyoMl, ?rfttaw
ran t- hia atsl'itatvce, hsd biin j icked up.
and said, "Jessb, ers yon badly wounded?"
To wllioh he rnplied, "Yes. 8aM. :1 urn a,
dead man." Gen. STPRgtshad him r aised
upon a litter snd can'nd to the) rear, where
be died in an hnnr. His latt words before
leaving the battlefield were, ' Boys,! can
bewithyouno longer io body, but I sm
with you in spirit.", ,