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title: 'Belmont chronicle. (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1855-1973, October 27, 1864, Image 2',
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St Clalmine. OMo, Oct. HT.
ajbewiauteiii ii I ii
- eMtifldiireekoiia mteadcd far raeerUoa In Uie
paper, a ef 8a Mmm relating 10 lae edlee, ekoatd be
dfaaeij "itctMiini (Niranicl. t(. ClairevilU, Ohio."
11 a"'' hP andaoin!
By angel kande te Tlor given r
Tkr iuii bare 111 th welkin dome
And all thy ban war born in keavea.
forever Seat that atandard ahaat!
Wkara braatbaa tha foe bat falla bafora aa,
. .Wiib Freedem'e aoil banaath our feet,
Aad freedom's bannar streaming o'nnl
ABRAHAM LIC0L,of Illinois.
- ' . Vor Vlce-lreldnt,
ANDREW JOHXSON, of Tcnn.
for Elector of President and Vice 1 'resident:
LabobI J- M- CONNKLL, Fairfield.
""IJOIIN 1. BIKIIN, Brown.
, District Elector:
JI...JOHN K. Green, Hamilton.
.11.. .Stanley Matthews. Hamilton.
1 1 1. ..Lewis B. 0 unckel, Montgumcry.
ttr l.' t !!. '
j t ...i-iin iii-.fi uuii.-nsun, jjianil.
.WILLIAM Ji. WALKER, Hardin.
.Mills Gardner, Fayette.
.Hemry W. Smith. Madison.
..Ozias Bowen. M urion.
IX. ..Jacob Scruggs, Crawford.
X... William SiiEHitLU, Henry.
XI. ..George A. Waller, Scioto.
XII. ..Henry V. Page, Pickaway.
XUI... James H. Stanmerry, Licking.
XIV...J0UN H. MoComhs, Ashland.
XV. ..Frederick W. Wood, Morgan.
XV T... Lorenzo Danfoiid, Belmont.
XVII...J0115 McCook. Jefferson.
XVIII. ..Setii Marshall, Lake.
XIX...Abner Kellouu, Ashtabula.
"If there be those who would not save the
Union, villain they could at the tame time
tave slavery, 1 do not agre with them.
"If there be those who would not lore the
Union union they could at the game lime de
itroy slavery, 1 do not agree with them.
"Mi paramount oi.ject is to tarr the Union
knd not eith'r to tare or destroy 1 la ry.
"If I could tave the Union tritium) free
ing any tlace, I would doit if I cmdd tare
it by freeing all thesbires, 1 would da it and
f 1 could do it by freeing tome, and leaving
)thers alone, I wotdd al.w do that.
''What do about slavery and the colored
race, J do because I Mieve if helot to tave thit
Union, and what I forbear, 1 forbear be
cause 1 do not believe it would help to tave
"J thall do test whenever I thall believe
what I cm doing hitrtt the mute, and 1 thall
do more whenever I Mine doing vwre will
help theettue." Abraham Lincoln.
'Saying that on certain termt certain
classes will be pardoned with right restored,
it it not taid lluit other classes or other termt
will never be included. Saiing that recon
struction will be "ccepttd if presented in a
Specified way, it is not taid it will never be ac
cepted in any other way." Abraham Lin
Colo, "Iitate to all eiiizrnt who vitit me that nl
ire want now to ensure an earlu restoration of
jl. it-; . j.. . ? K .. J.
ne Imini m it urirrmuirii untri of sentiment
North." "The end it not far dis
tant if we will only be. true to ourttlcet.
Their only hope now it in u divided North."
Documents for Gratuitous
Ve have ft largo quuutity of the fol
lowing documents, for gratuitous dis
tribution. W hope our friends all
over the county will send in for some
of them. Tubus is no time to loss.
I. Who is Responsible for the War?
Being extractt from the yirsch of ALEXAN
DER II. STEPUENS before the (ieoraia t'nn-
v tnt ion, and a catahtgve of "temarkalile
events" that took pLice Li fore Mr. Lincoln's
11. How tbc War Commenced, and
how near it is Ended. Showing con
clusively who commenced the war, ami what
grand progress our armies are making to
ward closing it.
m III. The Two Hoads to Peace. Show
wg theptdnts of contrast between the Haiti
tnire and Chicago Ulatfarmt.
IV; Who shall he Vice-President?
Ihis broiKUideenntaint the recordt of the ri
ved candidates for the 1 'lee I 'residency AN
DREW Johnson and Geo. H. Pendleton.
V. What Genuine Democrats tiunk
ttr tbb Rebellion. Extract from the
Letts and Hpece.he of leading Democrat.
VI. Is the - War a Kaiuiri? Ifos
broadiulr aim shows the jrrogressour annitt
haoemide, and contn'nt letter from leading
General in the army.
FOR OR AGAINST THE UNION.
As tha conflict for the life or the na
tion deepens, and as individuals com
munities, sections and parties,' take
thoir positions in tho conflict, the truth
of the dying utterance of tho great
jjouolai that in this contest there
nbebut two parties, Putilots and
Traitors is being so clearly demon
strated that tho most indillorent ob-
. aerrer, at home or abroud, Is forced to
acknowledge its truth.
When the content began, It was the
GoTerament of tha United States, un
der Abraham Lincoln, against the
Rebels iu arms, Under Jityr. Davih.
Since then, Individuals and parties, at
Lome and abroad, have arrayed them
selves, directly or indirectly, under the
tanner of one or the other of these
. representative lenders; 11 ml to-day, hu
miliating as the. acknowledgment Is,
Che cumulative testimony upon the sub
ject, forces it upon us that in the po
litical contest la which we are engaged
tot the selection of the Chief Magis
irate of this nation, the parties engaged
In It are for or agninBt Abraham Lim-
' coin,' for or eguinst Jurr: Davis and
f necessity IWioU or Traitors.
, We find In the ranks) ef one of the
parties to this political contest the
Union Party- all the men of this coun
try who, since the; commencement of
the Rebellion, have discarded old party
associations, and have, In sunshine and
storm, stood firmly and unflinchingly
by the Government, giving it aid and
cauifoit'ancLftH tfto JoTCrsoflbeTtr; ;
Truth, Justice, Humanity, and Free
GovenuBcnC in all the natrons 6f the
earth. In its ranks we find Abraham
Lincoln, Edward Everett, William
It. Sbward, Thomas Cor win, Horace
Greeley, Thomas Swam, Thomas Ew
ino, John C. Fremont, and Edward
Bates lenders of the old Whig and
Republican parties working .side by
side with Andrew Johnson, John A,
Dix, David Tod, Benj. F. Butler,
John Brouqh, Daniel S. Dickinson,
Robert J. Brkckinridoe, Jos. Holt,
and J6nn A. Logan leaders of tho
old Democratic party. And from Eu
rope we have from Johh Brioht, Cob
dkn, Victor Hugo, and Garibaldi
the champions of enlarged freedom on
that continent words of cheer and
prayers for success. ;
Now look at the other party, the
leaders of which, in every Democratic
State at the rant Presidential election,
were tho loaders of the Rebellion, that
took, or attempted to take, those Dem
ocratic States oat of the Union, and
who have been leading and controlling"
that Rebellion since its inauguration,
and see who arc Its present lenders,
awl who are in sympathy with it
Vallandigham who, "In the Congress
of the United States, proposed a divi
sion of this Government into four Con
federacies who voted against everj'
measure introduced into Congress to
aid in the suppression of the Rebellion,
who declared the Government never
could conquer the South, or snpprcss
the Rebellion, and who is the lender of
the secret treasonable organization re
ccntly exposed, whose avowed object
is the overthrow of tho Government
He is the author of the Flatform.
Horatio Seymour who, when the
New York mob were engaged in resist
ing the law, burning houses and mur
dering inoffensive citizens, addressed
them as friend, instead of bringing
them to punishment; and who has con
stantly used tho influence of his high
position as Governor of the great Stnte
of New York, to embarrass the Gov
ernment hi its efforts tojstippress the
Rebellion was President of that Con
vention. George H. Pendleton -who, in the
Congress of the United States, on the
18th day of January, 18C1, said :
"If yoa find conciliation impossible; if
your differences ara so great that youoannot
fr will not reconcile trurn, then, nentlemen.
LET THK SKPKDIN( STATES DE
PART IN PEACE: LET Til EM ESTAB
LISH THEIR GOVERNMENT AND
EMPIRE, and work out their destiny ac
cording to the wisdom which God ha given
and who voted in Congress against
every bill introduced to raise men to
put down the Rebellion, or money to
pay them is the candidate of this par
ty for the Vice-Presidency ; and among
its prominent leaders are the Wood,
Voorhiet, Medary and Long, who, dur
ing the whole progress of this accursed
Rebellion, have never uttered one word
in condemnation of it, but have con
stantly done all in their power to give
it aid and comfort, and cripple the Gov
ernment. These are the leaders of the so-called
Democratic party. Who are they that
sympathize with it ? Look around you,
ana see the men who, since this unpro
ked Rebellion was inaugurated, have
denounced every means that has been
used for Its overthrow; that cheer in
your streets for Jeff. Davis, and who
do all iu their power to cripple the Ad
ministration and give aid and comfort
to the enemy, and you will find them
all laboring for the success of the Chi
cago party. Go to Europe, and, In the
language of John Brisht, the great
champion of human rights and free
government in the British Parliament:
"All thorn! of my eountiymen who have
winked wall to tha Rebellien, who have
hoped for tha break-up af Union,
hats preferred to see a Southern 8lave Em
pire rather thaa a restored and frea Repub
lic;, so far as I ean ohnerTe, are now in favor
of the election of Gen. MoOlellan. All
tnoaa wsoliave deplored tha calamities
which the leaden of Secession have brought
upon your oountr. wkn helia.a .. ufl-.
ery weakens your power and tarnishes your
(rood name throughout tha world, and who
rectsrd tha raatnration of yonr Union aa a
thine to be dired and nravad rn k. .11
ood man, so far as I ean judge, are heartily
lonarinff for the re election of Mr Lin-
ouiii. jiivvrj inaim ui your union, probably.
in fturope, every speaker sad writer who
has soucht to do JuHtice to your eue since
tha war besan, is now hoping, with an in
tense anxiety, that Mr. Lincoln mar K
plieed st the head of your Exeoutive for
Go down before Richmond, and hear
as the result of the Chicago Convention
Is announced, the wild and continuous
cheers of the Rebel soldiers for Mc
Clkll vn and the Ttttise Party, and then
read the following, from Jrff. Davis's
speech at Augusta, Ga., on the 8d day
of October, as published in the AngnsU
Constitutionalist, and then say where
the sympathies of those who are In Re
bellion, against the Government are In
this contest But to the extract He
said 1 -
"We mo beat Sherman we ' samt
mereh into Tenneaoee there we will draw
from 20,000 to 80,000 te ear standard, aad
e strengthened, we. must puth the mem
hack to the. bank of th Ohio AND THUS
GIVE THE PEACE PARTx OF THE
NORTH an aeoeretion no puny editorial can
giv. v , i f
On the one side we have the true and
loyal of all parties, at home and abroad,
laboring to sustain the Government and
secure its triumph. On the other, we
have. JktfJD avis, Jtbe. Rebel .army, I
the mends 6f Wcesslon, the sympathi
zers with Rebellion, the enemies of lib
erty and free gpvernmeht all over the
world, laboring for the election of the
Chicago Convention arid the triumph
of the Slaveholders' Rebellion., Patri
ots on the one side Traitors on the
other; and every mnn in this 'commu
nity must array himself on one side or
the other. '
DEATH OF COL. THOBURN.
Most of our readers have learned of
the death of this brave and gallant offl
cer, who fell mortally wounded In the
battle of Cedar Creek, on Wednesday
Col. Joseph Thoburn was born In
Belmont County, and his death has cast
a gloom over many of our citizens who
were the companions and associates of
his early life, and tho admirers of the
manly, straight-forward, and patriotic
course of his later years.
When this cruel Rebellion first broke
out, ne immediately entered the ser
vice as a Surgeon, but soon learned
although nn excellent physician that
lielind niirttiikcn his calling,and through
the advice of friends accepted a posi
tion as a field officer in tho First Vir
ginia Infantry, where he served faith
fully, always finding himself where
duty called and danger seemed the
greatest, until, by some coward foe, ho
received his mortal wound.
The following account of his last
hours and death we copy from the
Wheeling Intelligencer: , '
He was hol just tinder the lower rib, ftn
the left side, and the ball parsed out a little
hitther up en the right side, apparently
near tho junction of the ribs with the spinal
column. Capt. Rcid informed us that both
lungs had been penetrated, and that tho
los of blood had been very great. The cir
cumstances of Colonel Thoburn's death, nn
related by the Captain, are as follow: He
was killed about 6 o'clock on Wednesday
mormnit. Tho enemy had burst in Upon
his division, which occupied the extreme
front, about 3 o'clock that m iroinpt, and as
the dispatches hare alrendy shown, had
surprised and overpowered it. It had been
driven steadily bek as fir as Middicfnwn,
indeed through Mint place, and Col. Tho
burn at the time of his dpath was bnily en
gaged disentangling and pushing forward
his retreatinif train The rebel caralro hud
flunked the left of our army and in large
minim- nan cnrno in on tno trains, attack
ing him flurooly. One of them dressed in
our unitorm rodo un to Cm. Thohnrn and
commanded him to halt. The Colonel not
knowing1 that the rebel was foe, in fact
not knowing that it was himself addressed,
did not halt, . and accordingly tha eavalry
man fired, the ball fakin? effoct as we have
stated. Ha fell from his hprse at the aids
of the street, on S vacant lot. and he tbero
remained for a.consideMblu tim according
to the stntement of a lady who had paid him
some attention while lying there. She was
compelled to leave him by reason of trie
danger near her person from exploding
shells, Sia., and betake herself to her cellar.
A gentleman of the place, after the battle
had lulled a littlo. took thn Colonel into his
house and had him cared fur in a passable
way. It was in this house that C:ipt. Reed
found him about dusk in the evening. He
was sensible all the time, up to two minutes
past twelve that night, at whioh time he
died. Ha suffered excessively toward the
last half hour of his life, yet managed to
talk at times, and was perfectly resigned
and calm. As soon as Capt. Reid found him,
he sent off and called in tho Medical Direc
tor, who hastily examined tho wound and
pronounced it not mortal, and stated his
nope that the Colonel would survive it.
Col. Thoburn. himself a phyioian, merely
shook his head, saying nmliins. The Sur
geon of the 1 0th West 'a. Infantry was
called In, and ho without hesitation decided
that tho wound was mortal, and that the
sufferer oould not live over night. When
this was told Col Thoburn. he replied that
tho news did not shock him in the least,
that he had known after the first ten in in
ute. bis wound was mortal, and that he was
ready to meet his fato. In reply to a ques
tion whether he had any messages to send
home, he requested Captain Reid to take
down some directions about his worldly af
fairs, and then, after they had bean penned
sad read over to him, said, "tell my wife
not to grieve fur me, and my ohildreo to be
good and truo." These were the last wmds
ho spoke. A short time thereafter, just as
the toll of midnight had died upon his ear,
his brave and unselfish and patriotic spirit
took its flight. A nobler soldier never fell
upon any battle field. The rebel household
in whose presence and under whose roof he
died, might liavo said to tho detail of our
soldiers who were around him with Capt.
Reid, at the time he breathed his last, in
the language of thn Voloian enemies who
who had sluin tha Roman Coriolanus:
"Baar (ruin haiira hia ImmI)-,
And mourn you (nr him lot him ha nsarUad
A. iaa in.m uulln corn,, ibul .vet her aid
Did lulltiw 10 hia urn.1'
Col. Thoburn was buried at Wheel
ing on Tuesday, with Imposing cere
monies. " .
ACKNOWLEDGING THE CORN.
A few weeks ago we wrote an article
in which we copied a number of ex-
I tracta from Rebel papers and speakers,
to show that this was a war between
Despotism and Liberty, Slavery and
Freedom, Capital and Labor and that
on the success of the Uulon Party.whloh
would secure the success of the Gov
ernment, Liberty and Labor would oc
cupy a much more exalted position
than ever before.
The article was carefully prepared,
and we expected it would do good
among the laboring class of communl
ty ; but we did not even dream that Its
arguments would ever reach the bigot
ed mind of the editor of the Gazette
but in this we were mistaken, for tha
personage, in bis last issue, in aa arti
cle-written on hypothecated premise,
Clearly avera that
ht time was when ennittd etmtmtLA lit-
bor, BUT LINCOLN'S WAR HAD
CAANGKD THAT RULE.
Yes, under James Buchanan's Dern-
ocrfrtUs theory that ten cent ft day was
enough for ft laboring man, capital did
control labor j but now, when the man
who earns his bread by the sweat of his
brow can secure abundance of labor at
fromone dollar and fifty -cents to five
dollars per day instead of being ruin
ed by thft competition of negro- labor,
with which the triumph of the Repub
lican Party waa to flood the North, as
the Gazette has been averring for years,
44 Me rult ha been changed, " and labor
is more independent than It ever has
been In this country ; and if the labor
ing- men, in this war for the rights of
Labor,will only be true to themselves,
tho time will never oome again when
the working man will be the Slave of
Another Grand Victory by Sheridan.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 20—10:45, a. m.
Maj. Gtn. DlX: Another great battle was
fought yesterday at Cedar Creek, threaten
ing at first disaster, but finally resulting in
a victory for the Union forces tinder Gen.
Sheridan more splendid than any hereto
fore achieved. The following official report
of Lis victory was received from Mai. -Gen.
Cedar Creek. Oc. 10. 184 10 p. tn.
To Lieut-Gen. GhanT, City Point.1 '
, I have the honor to report thit my army
at Cedar Creek was attacked this morning
before daylight, and ray left was tamed, and
dliven in contusion.
; In fact, mot of the line was driven in
confusion, with tha loss of twenty pieces of
I hastened from Winchester, where 1
wag on my return from Washington, and
found the armies between - Middlntown and
Newtown, having been driven buuk about
I here look the affair in hand and quickly
united the corps, formed a compact line of
battle Just in timo to repulse an attack of
the em ijiy, which was handsomely done at
about f p. m.
At 3 p. m., after some changes of the
eavalry from the left to the right fl ink, I
attacked with great vigor, driving and rout
ing the enemy, capturing aci-nruing to the
last report, forty three pieces of artillery and
very many prisoners.
I do not know . yet tho number of my
casualties, or the losses of the enemy.
Wagons, trains, ambulance, and caissons,
in large numbers, are in our possession.
. They also burned some of their trains.
Gen. ltamseur is a prisoner in our hands',
severely and perhaps mortally, wounded.
1 have to reuret the loss of G-n. Hid wall,
killed, aii;l G imr.il j Wriglit, Grover and
Wrmht is slightly wounded.
. Affairs at times looked badly, but by tho
gallantry of eur brave officers and men.
disastor has boen converted into a splendid
Darkness sgain intervened to shut off
greater results. '
I now occupy Strasbnrg.
As soon obtained I will send you fur
P. H. SHERIDAN, Maj-Gen.
The battle was fought on the same day,
19tVv or the uionth, that witnessed Sheri
dan's victory iu September.
' What tt uuuiUtr wore opjxwed to Gen.
Sheridan are not yet reported to the De
partment, but the liuMn.iss, vigor and hiio
de.w of the attack strongly indiuate that a
heavy reinforcement hud been c'nt (rem
Richmond with the expectation of fulfilling
LonuHl reel's boast to smash up Slieridmi.
Lungstreet was known to be in the Val
ley, and had assumed command of tho
Robol army, and confident hopes of un over
whelming disaster to tiie Unio'i army were
boastfully expressed for several d iyj back
by the Rebel adherents iu Wushingtou and
EDWIN M. STANTON, Sec. of War.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 21, 1864—11:40 a. m.
The following telegram, received this
morning, oohtains further particulars ef the
battle of Cedar Creek:
CEDAR CREEK, Oct. 20 1864.
Lieut-Gen. U. S. GRANT, City Point.
We huve again been favored by a great
victory, won from disaster, by the gallantry
of our officers and men.
The attuck on the enemy wasro i le about
3 p. iu., by a left half-wheel of the whole
litis, with a division of cavalry turning cue
flank of the enemy, the whole line advan
cing. The enemy after a stubborn resistance,
broke and fled, and were pushed with vigor.
The artillery captured will probably be
over fifty pieces.
This of course includes what were cap
tured from our troop in the early morning.
At least sixteen hundred prisoners have
been brought in; also wagons and ambu
lances ia largo numbers.
ThiB morning the oavalry mado a dash at
Fisher's Hill and carried It, the enemy hav
ing fled during the night, leaving ouly a
small rear guard.
I have te regret the loss of many valuable
offioera killed and. wounded, among thcin
Col. Joseph Thoburn, commanding a divis
ion of Crook's command, killed; CoL J.
Howard Kitchen, commanding a brigade,
wounded; Col. R. J. McKensie, etiiuinand
ing a brigade, wounded severely, but would
not leave the fill. -
I eannot give asset details.
Many of our men oaptured in the morn
ing have mnda their escape and are now
coming in. .
Ramseur, commanding a division in Early's
army, died this morning. t
P. H. Sheridan, Maj Gen. Comraan'g.
Gen. Grant's appreeiatinn of tha victory
at Cedar Creek is expressed in tha following
City Point, Oct. 20, 1864-8 p. m.
Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Sec of H'ar.
1 had a aalute el' 100 gum from eaoh of
tba armies here fired 1(1 honor of Sheridan's
last viotory. Turning what bid fair to be a
Disaster into a glorious Viotory, stamps
Sheridan what I have always thought hiui
one of tha ablest of generals. '
Lieut-Gen. U. S. GRANT, City Point. U. S. GRANT, Lieut-Gen.
The MedioaJ Director reports that eevon
hundred and seventy slightly wounded have
reached Winchester from tha field.
All tha wounded that are able to bear
transportation will be forwarded immedi
ately to Martinaburg. .
The telegraph Una ia now working to At
lanta, but no lata reports have been received
by the Department. , ,
EDWIN M. STANTON, Sec. of War.
Returns (Vow 80 oouniitta, mainly official,
give a Union ,bouia suajority of 20, 163. A
Columbus dispatoa says tha soldier's vote it
oosMng in tnaetly on. ooa aide. It will ibet
up aboat So. OOO of which tha Unioa aaodi-
dates WiU reosiM st laaM 4&00Q, judging
trots present rstes of returns. .Fall return
of tha hoese tola will not be resohad. natis
the soldiers' vote is au In, A 8iaa majority
f ,4,000 will do. -I
AN IMPORTANT DOCUMENT.
Apnl' IVomv -Loyal Southern
Men to the Governors or '
Ibe Loyal flutes.
DESTRUCTION OF CIVIL LIB-v
EUTT IN TUB SOUTH,
THE PEOPLE FOR REUNION.
ROME, GA., Oct. 4.
DEAR Sir: The paralysed condition of
the hiarty thousands ol Union men within
the Southern States, both ia and out of the
rebel .army, through the instrumentality of
an absolute and relentless despotism places
it most ooifiplofcly out of their power, With
out the aid, of the United States army, to
ever regain their liberties i
Within the rebel lines Jiot a vestige of
civil liberty exist, and it is only when the
fortunes of war throw us within the reach
of Federal protection, that we can. Wilbuait
the hasurd of life, give expression to our
aesire ior a restoration oTthe union.
Completely divested of alt uower of in'
flue nee over our leading men, and in estate
of absolute vassalage to the arbitrary edicts
of a military usurnor. onr onlv bone of re
lease is upon the overthrow of the ambitious
men who have thus enslaved us.
In ad lrcssitig you, wo wish to be under
stood as appealing, not enly to the Chief
Executive of the State of Illinois, but to the I
Governors of all tho loyal States, to be on
their, guard agninst the insidious encroach
ments of rebellion at your own doors snd
your own firesides. 1 1.
No pains will be spared by onr leading
rebels to bribe, seduce, deceive or overawe
your eitisens into deadly conflicts and civil
strife, to as thereby to render complete the
downfall of free government upon the
Auieriotn continent, and we beg you to ex
cuse us in tbns taking the liberty to warn
you of a danger which we consider immi
nent and to urge you to let no considers
tinus of mere party triumph be permitted ta
shut out from view, even for ono moment,
the great paramount object Ibe suppres
sion of the rebellion. !
Tell the people North that we implore
them to drop the negro question pro and
con, and feel assured that we would not give
up the Uniou for all the slaves on the face
ol tho earth. '
We claim to know what rebellion is its
higlu and depth, its length and breadth
and h .ving, through wrought by tho for
tunes of war, been placed where we can once
moro oxercise free speech, we yb-ld to the
iuipu'ses ol'du'y, not only to our whole coun
try, bat to tliO'isan l of Union mou who
are yet held in bondagu, when we assure
you that nothing but the siron,( arm of
military power Can ever subdue it, or destroy
the power for mischief. '
And as a confirmation of this view, we
beg leave to offer thn following facts and
arguments iu reference to
RKUELLION AND IT9 DESIHfa.
Loading diounioui.U of ihe South, for
several your prior to the rebellion, exerted
all their tuot and imteuuitv to find out some
justifiable pretext to sceede from the. Union,
and set up for themselves. At 110 time have
they ever beeu satisfied with a Government
of equtil rights and privileges, and they have
ever uooaidered it a coiuprouii? of their
dignity , to ask poor men, or tTie common
nuo ule, for the urivileuo of iroina to the
Loxtlature, filling a sout iu Congress, or of
occupying other high anal honorable' posi
tions. Ever, lomcing for the pomp sol splendor
of niouarchie, and lot lite entailment of
exolusiva hereditary emoluments and privil
eges, ihey have had no patience wild the
majority rule under our .form of Govern
uiuat, .which has giveu to tha people politi
cal eqialuy. iney bave always considered
tlioiiisdlvus as ii class of superior men
nuking mi part of the people, but entitled
to ull I ne exemptions an. I immunities of a
privileged c.ass. An i in haranguing what
tln-y conceive to be the vulgar herd, they
addre-is tliam u menials, culling them "my
people," as if ibey In-ought the people
UoiuiieJ to them. So accustomed are they
to hpuak nt their sluves, culling tlrcin "my
negroes," or 'tuy servants," that in address
ing tbe common hard .working oitisens,
they call them "my poople;" and should
they succeed in setting up a monarchy upon
the ruins of the old Government, then the
laboring and industrial class of people will
bo culled "my tubjects."
Donoetidauts of those who were disap
pointed in the overthrow oI'Diitiah suprem
acy oyer tho American colonies, they have
inherited the same love of monarchy which
actuated the Tories of '76, and hence they
have been untiring in concocting schemes,
or in socking pretexts, lor the overthrow of
In 132 the high tariff, then in existence,
was seised upon as a justifiable excuse by
the aristocracy of Sooth Carolina tor acts of
nulhBuation and seceSsiou, but failing on
that occasion te carry out their treasonable
purpoi-es, and smarting under the rebuke
administered by Andrew Jackson in hit
memorable proclamation, there has not
beon a day or an hour since when they
would not have dissolved the Union, could
they have had a pretext a If 11 ding any
shadow of justification.
Ever growling, ever disaonten'ted, they
oould see 110 evidenoa of good government
in the general prosperity and happiness of
the poople, nor oould they conceive ot any
national respeotability . except under a
The tariff as a pretext, in 1832. failing
them, their next retort was to the slavery
question, which then had soma prominence
given to it by the efforts of Henry Clay snd
other advocates of universal emancipation,
and by others of perhaps less wisdom and
less patience, who were urging immediate
abolition. . .,.
Thus circumstanced, the slavery question
presented the best prspeot lor a fruitful
source of discord, and consequently was
soiled with avidity by the disappointed nul
lifiors and disunionists of 1832, us a means
ot seotinnalising the country, and engen
dering hatred betwocu the North and the
The truly philanthropic emancipationists
of tho Benjamin Franklin school beoaine
tbe objects ot oontumely and insult, to suoh
a degree that many honest peisons of tbe
North were induced to believe that the im
mediate sod unconditional abolition of ehat
tle slavery waa not only necessary to silenoe
the disunion faction, but to nroteot the
slave from oppression. But ibis uiianifes
tatioa, North, of sympathy 'for the negro
slave, was teiserf upon by the disunionists
ss a further pretext lor widening the breach;
aud no opportunity was lolt unimproved by
them, either in Cong r is er out, to aggra
vate the Abolition party to aggressive aots
against what they termed their peculiar in
stitution. . ... ; j ,
' Violent snd . threatening spceohes were
made ia Congress, in State Legislatures,
aud all over the South, agaiast lbs North
making abolitionism tba theme of their in
oeadiary harangusi, aud adding, intensity
to their fiery declamation by tha free use
ot brandy. Not vnly this; they resorted to
violence wherever it oould be done with im
"canity snob aa whipping, tarriug and
feathering, or riding oa a rail: all men sua
peuted ef abolition sentimenta, finally,
bcuiiog bolder i view ef -the impunity
with wkutk- the thiegs vara perpetratstv
ihey ia Lasted Ma., ikkju. o ikutRtJaa
aaashj toeoM Mr. bu.oieer.of Maeeeehatetts,
for what they alleged to be bit Ioseleaoa.
Ibis act ws premeditated, and designed as
sn initiatory aten toward disunion) and , yet
the speech of Mr. Sumner was precisely the
speeoh in every particular they desired hita.
to make, ' '. ,.j . . , ..,. .
Like spoiled ohildreo. thev wanted North
ern men todoaomething to nuke t hem mad:
snd in tact tney were always most provoked
when there Waa nothing te get mad at.
An opportunity at length turned bp whioh
they declared would furnish a suitable occa
sion for the maintenance of their rights out
The opportunity to elect Mr. Lincoln pta
seated itself, snd they (the disunionists)
after helping toeleot him, swore they would
never submit to his administration! and
thereupon they bolted from the Union, snd
Undertook to setup for themselves that tbey
could protect their peculiar institution) and
yet after all this fuss about abolitionism,
Mr. William L. Yancey (we have every
reason to believe was authorised by the
provisional government at Montcomery to
go to France with propositions to abolish
slavery in the South, provided Napoleon
would recognise the independence of the
Southern Confederacy; aud he wa further
instructed to say that s n-onarchy. for the
South was ia contemplation, and that aa
intimate reliance with France was denim d
with mutually advsntugeous terms, . in
rel'eronco to trade, supplies of ootton, io.
Now, these disnnionmtt' of the South
having monarchy stesdily in view, and know
ing that in all monarchies there is an am
ple number ot poor necessitous men who
can be used as common laborers, they can
well afford to give up chatlle slavery, pro
vided they succeed in uiuiiitaiuiiig their in
dependence. Independence achieved, and a monarchy
established, the hereditary nobility and
aristocracy can draw from poor men, both
black and white, all the serfdom they want,
and what adds sssuranoe to them of cheap
labor for their farms and for menial sorvioes,
is s knowledge of the faot that, through the
instrumentality ot war, large numbers of
men have been and will be completely itu
pnverished, snd their families reduced to
beggary; snd besides this they know that
the abolition of chattlcd slavery leaves the
negro still in a condition of abject poverty,
and plucos him and the white, man upen
the same common level aa regards tbejr ne
cessitous condition, anording ample oppor
tunity to draw from the poor, both black
and white, their hewers of wood and draw
ers of water. .
They tho leading rebels snd disunionists
of the South are engaged in a war, not for
tiie protection of cliattle slavery, (for that
we ouu assure you was, from the beginning,
a grand clioat), but a war - for the ex
press purpose of overthrowing Democratia
institutions, and establishing up in their
ruins a Government of pomp un 1 splendor,
ol titled nubility, ot exclusive privileges, ex
ceptions and immunities; and of perpetual
entailment ot poverty, ignorance aud wretch
edness uuon the voor.
This end attained, then chattle slavery
would be of no more cotiseuuence to them
tbau it is to England, wbore it bos long
since been sbolished.
The leading spirits of rebellion have al
ready repudiated the States' rights doctrine,
in view of consolidation and conquest, so as
to add to their kingdom the Northern States,
as fast as they can be prepared for the
change by rebellion and civil war in tno
North, whioh they the leaders South I are
incessantly praying for, and trying to in
augurate; and heie, iu this connection, we
will take the liborty to renew our warning
(o you against the seeds of rebellion whioh
we dearly peroeivo in your midst; and to
express a hope that the monstrosity of re
bellion against a good Government, will not
be permitted to spread its desolations into
your states. :
DESPOTISM IN THE SOUTH.
In conclusion, we repeat that the people
of the South arellow under a reigning des
potism, which, lor cruelly and relentless
barbarity, has no parallel in the history of
mankind, and that they have been lured
into this bondage by doceiitul promises
hrst, and coercion .atlerward, through a
merciless conscription. They ciu date their
downfall of liberty from the farcical election
of conventions in the several Southern
States, to decide upon the remedy or means
of redress against the great ciimo of Lincoln
in permuting niuiseir to do eieotea accord
ing to the roi ms oi the Constitution.' Said
Conventions claimed plenary power to sot
Witb no privilege ever given to th people
to ratify or reject their proceedings. Aots
ot secession were passed, a Provisional Gov
eminent was established at Montgomery,
and war was inaugurated by nnnr upon
Fort Sumter, without ever permitting us to
decide as to the propriety of these revo
lutionary proceedings; nor have wo ever for
a moment bad the power to oounteraot tbe
revolutionary purposes of our leaders.
Their paramount object bus been from tbe
beginning the dissnluiton ot tbe Union und
overthrow ot civil liberty; and so tt nacious
are they in pursuit ol this stupendous crime
rliut Mi i.tr.tra ill MMninuiK,. iirwl nA on.
v....... v. v-...,.. - . ...
ti-Mtia i,u, pv,.r ilisiuirfi, iWi'iw front it
They have committed themselves again and
sguio, in the strongest terms known to the
English language, to never, under any cir
vuuistaticeH, Minimi to a reconstructs .a
the IJuion; and here, to our sorrow, we can
assnre you that, until their proud spirit
rebellion is KUijugatea by the coercive
power of war, we will never havo eitbor
ueace or reunion.
The masses of the neonle Sooth, if re
leased from their tiresent bonduite. would
not hesitate to scoept ot any just and honor
able propositions for reunion, but ontrl their
tyrannical leaders are wmppeu, tney can
never oxeroise mis privilege.,
Tha struggle for the Presidency of (he
United States st this trying hour, fills us
with tearful apprehensions, and we oannot
close this paper without urging you to guard
the people . against suffering the prejudices
ot party spirit to blind them to the great
paramount oblect of cotiouerine our rebel
leaders and restoring the Union. Let who
will be elected, it is his duty to preserve the
Union st all hesards. and to take care that
the laws Of the Uuited States be enforced;
and it is the duty of every oitissn ot every
State, so far as it is ia bis power, to sustain
tha President, even in the exorcise ot ex
traordinary power, if necessary, to suppress
the desolating soource ot rebellion. '
J. A. Stuart. Rome, Ga : Wa. (1
HioKa, M. D., Cayuga, Miss.; Wh. H
Smith. Randolph Co., Ala : Robt. . S.
HirrLliv, Mombcreleot to Ala.LKislature:
A. A. West, Member elect to Ala. Legis
lature. ' . '-
.To His Excellency, Governor Richard
Tales, of Illinois.
Ohio Soldier Vote in South Carolina.
HILTON HEAD, S. C., Oct. 11, 1864.
Ens. Herald: How many minds to
day are turned to 'Ohio, and 'the' strucele
now going on iu the old Buckeye State, andl
in no portion ot the oountry is there mare
anxiety than among the soldiers in active
servioe, battling the enemy in front, and to
day rushing to tbe place of eleotion to give
the.ooppeikread monsters a thrust in the rear
through the ballot box. wishing io their
very souls that the friends of tbe Uaioa at
home wi.l give them a rebuke that will tell.
Tha. 25th Ohie is tha enly regiment rr-oaa
that State who votes in South Carolina, and
koM elections' at these ' paints, vis? See-'
arwt, futh i umRi, ouu opmaru neiia
and I ass rejoined ie surm you, tttatf wit.
but vary few exoeptiona tbay ali-we (he
Union Jkkot straight through. State; Cod-' -greskional
sAd county ticket' from nVsrly Vf f
tMa oouutieain the Bute ate to be found arVi
the polls, and the soldiers take as muoh W j
terfst in getting out all the vsters as yooj
ever see at home; Tha sick aranbrought te
tha polls dtr stretchers, and every one jsT
present thatoen be possibly got there.
The other two Ohio Regiments the 76tkt
and 107th J. vote in Florida, snd I learn that
there is ss much interest felt there as here.'
Tout corespondent went forty odd miles to
day to give hia vote from the 4ih ward
Cleveland, and I can attare you I was waif
raid to witness tha interest manifested la,
D'sie among tbe brave boys la the army.
y bey will give the asms unanimous vote for
Lincoln in November. God bless our brave .
soldiers in ths army. . The asms unanimity -prevails
among the soldiers from Pennsyl
vania, snd when you see tha returns yout
will soy'-well done." Theie Is no sympathy
among the soldiers for Copperheadism.
Ihoy will nor support a party that has no
voice against tbis rebellion, and wise peace
upon, uny'othor terms than laying down the
A Letter from John Bright.
The name of John Bright Is a power
among tho people of England. Even on the -Side
of jastioe against oppftrisive wrong Ira
has been trortr-th hrst sn earnest advocate'
of the North against the Southora rebels..
In an unoi'pceled letter to Hornce .Greeley
he has given soma views is relation .to the' .
present political straggle Which Jwill "( etrat-' "'
mand attention ascohfing from a "mt'n. ' ef'
extensive observation and deep t refleotio4t'
Tbe letter is ss fjpllews: . . ; ' . "Ivf "
ROCHEDALE, Oct. 1, 1864.
Dear Sir : For more than three- vearsT"
the people ef this eenntry have Watched.
with a eonstant interest, the progress of the
great conflict in whioh your people have
been engaged, and, as yoa kaow.someJiava
rejoiced over the temporary auoeeae. of the1
enemies of your Government and seme have
deeply lamented thera. , t ; ,
At this moment, we turn our eyes, rather
to the political than to the military struggle;
and tbers is, with as, ths saraediffrreneeoT
opinion and of sympathy, as regards your
coming Presidential Election, that has bee
manifested in connection with yonr 'contest
in the field. - '-i .
'All those of my countrymen who r have
wished well to the Rebellion, who.. have
hoped for the break-up of .year Union, who
have preferred to see a Southern Slave Etn-
fiire rather than a. restored and tree Repub
io, so far as 1 can observe, are now in favor
of the election : of Gen. MoCleHaav: AH
rhose who bave deplored; the eaUetihaa)
which the leader of Secession have brought
upon, your .country, who believe, that Slav
ery weakens your power and tarnishes your
good name throughout the world, and whe
regard the restoration of your Union aett
thing to be da-sired and prayed for by all
good men, so far as I can judge, are heartily
longing for tha re-election- of Mr. Lincoln!
Every friend of your Union, probably, iff
Europe, every speaker and! writer who baa
sought to do justice to your oause since the
war begsn, is now hoping, with an intense
anxiety, that Mr.' Lincoln may ba pfaoed mt
the head of your v Executive .- for , aeothef
teim. ' ' ' - - ' -.
It is not beoanse they believe Mr, LiocChV
to be wiser or better than all other .men on?
your continent, but they think tbey have
observed in his career a grand Huplicity of
purpose and s patriotism which knoes no
change and whioh does not faltet Te seme'
of his countrymen there may appear to have'
been errors in .his course. It would- be
strange indeed if, in the midst of diScalr'
ties so stupendous nd 'so'1 unexpected sny"
gdininismrion er any ruler should wholly
avoid mistakes. To us, looking on . firotoi
this distance, and unmoved by the peiaieast
from which u.-my of your people can hard
ly be expected to be' tree regarding . hia
Presidential path with calm judgment
which belong rather to History than to tbe
present time, as rnr outside ' position en
ables us in soirfe di'gree,' to regard 'h we
see in it an honest endeavor faithfully to do
the work of his great office, and, is tbe do
ing of it, a brightness of personal honor on
vhich no adversary has yet been able to fix
a stain. -'.
I believe tint the effect of Mr. Lincoln's
re-election in England and in Europe, and
indeed throughout the world will be this:
It will convince all men that tha integrity
of your great country will be preserved, and
it will show that If-publican -Institution
with an instructed and patriotic people cam
bear a nation steadily through, the inosfc
desperate perils. .' : ' ' L
lam one of your friends in England whe
have never lost faith iu your cause. 1 have
spoken to my countrymen oniu,behalf ; and
now, in writing this letter to you, .1 believe
I speak the heart's wish of every man in
England wholn p-'islor th" fi t edom and great
ne8 of your country. Forgive me fort hia
intrusion upon you ; but 1 eannot hold back:
from telling you what is pasting io my mind,
and 1 wish if possible, to send yours Wovi
of encouragement. ' ' '
, Believe ise, always, with great resjeclf,'
JOHN BRIGHT. HORACE GREELEY, Esq., New York, U. S.
A.dmihistr-8 rtor's 'Sale
ot Ileal Estate.
IN pur.umiro of aa .prrler granted hf tiie. Probata'
Court .1 Baln.nl County. Ohia, I will oSar (or aale'.
atptihll aurimt. on MONDAY. THK 3IV Dv of
NOVEMHI-.R. l-tn. twiween the hour it IS u. and a
r. m., ou mat preroiaea, 111. loii.winc
Mima, ai aaia in Uw raid County of Bali
Tha Soinrrwaal quarter of Die Northern!, quanei
rooiSVIo aril: .
icuon eifrki (, Townalup aix 8, Rasca fivettl: edo-
lUliia farlv (401 aeraa. more or l,u. ' r ' T
Tuna o Sals: Oiie-Uiird iu Hand. one-lfcird'Ai'
yaaf, and au.-iutrd in two yeaia fioio itx day of aale
will, niltjcil; ilia drferred pa) rouliio uelaecurad b(
moTtB-ag upon the premlaea not '. '
, . . , , . JOHV I.ISLK, Adra'r
oot. so, isci-:
I r , uiu v. wrT. qte-a.-
D'SKAsra of the Nervoua, Stfnlnal, Miliary antf
r ii ul J, . ...... - ..A i , .1 i . . .
i rloru Ol the Howard Awocialion lent Uy mail iu1
-iru lauer eim-ioppa. Ire ol eharire. AUtlrM, Dr. J"
fMI.IJN HOUI.HTO.N, Howard Aeaqeiauoii tio. i
8 iiith Ninth Hire. Philadelphia. Pa i J . yl4-ly
SPANISH MERINO BUCKS,
AT H ArjRISVII.LK O.. an ahd .V, Ortohe, 10th.
A. I.. Uuif liutn and K. C. telle win-o fc.p.i.7
bSi "i'l?Q!uh .Me,i". .ru'B
Thev Will ejiae- Bland ran, R.ilk. , L. ,., ,
' eiand twaj Burke (not tor aale) for
lar, aiid prolMhly aoine day toiiger,
ud v 1 igar, wueB tUejr will be re-
w: - llililtanl A' ,
turned lb VrnnbnC
-niunara- a awarded the Firet Pr-mlora-al dia
rere.,1 Ohio 9m, Fa,r. and SA (uQ adcred lor him and
Biclr ,-i'?e'',. 'ak',p
Herri.ille, Harritoa Co.OOota.ieet. 'otHir
NOTICE U Uorel.y given thai ai lha PrAbatJ Coart
for .tteluaaiil ooualy .ilia amlfirtiaiif d Wu ap
SwiaM aanSajuakSed Inieemer mj, tha aetata al Eluf
aurlhOVena, dee'd, 'Ma of nelmont oounly, Ohio.
. Ail Irmaa itMlkij.d u mmiA u - . i
hniaadiaie payuwnii and Uuee SaviutlcfaiBa. asainat
eaideaiMaa wtited la arraaut flftu Lt eeuleaaeat
wiuuu oire fear (rwa At rtate. " 1 . T
AiiaeieIaS4.. t w
NOTIHH ia Wby tim thia aftaa ProbaM Cmt
'lor Beluioiit Couilk. Ohw. Am unueraillied Waa eaaw
KsiM aad oadliSed ttajadaaliuatraiar at the aetata a
eob Voauuv ar dneaaaad, UM ol aaid Ootaniy.
AU thoaa iiMiahaed tn auid aatmle are rammaeiri e ana Ira
iianwdian (uyioeiWj eud dkoet ka'Uia olanua- aleiuet
'M tmm a iunhunj m preawm aueui w eaauaeaeiai
wMi,aaWfaMeaatUidavr..,' , ', , -. . .