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H o. L POOBMAN.
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Sw door Knat of CJoivrt Iou,
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Within lis month. J
After thMiim ?
B7Npprlif (Minnad nntH all arrearaj.. ara pud,
taat ' Uia opn u" Ptliihr.
Established in 1813.
ST. OLAUISVILLH:, OHIO, 3STOV.
Series-Vol. 4, No. 43.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ST. CLAIRSY1U.!, OHIO.
QT'OFriCP. one door EmI or lha Court flouta.
D. D. T. COWEN,
; AITOBNBT AT LAW,
. T. CLA1RSVILLK, OHIO.
FFICS an N.rlh tiita ( Main atraat, a Itw danr.
tail 01 marietta (tract. ley
" DR. HENRY WEST
Afl rrtimd th prnctice ef Medicine nd Siirvcitt.
lundence t.teiu wwi. U(hr ti Driif iom
. C. L. POORK1AN,
Attorney & Counselor at Law,
i. rr OT.A tKaVILLB, o.
OFFICE Mi (tonic Hall Building a few door Fait ol
h Court House.
Special attention given to the collection of claim
airaiiiit th Onrernment for Hounty. Hock Pay. Pension,
fray for Horeea or other property lost in the service, Ac.
Attorney atLaw&Xotary Public
T. CLAIRSV1LLE, OHIO.
FFICE thrta doora Earn of Iha Court Hom.
Dr. John Alexander,
iiT. CJLiA.IItSVIL.L1C. OHIO.
f FF1CB AND RESinr.NCB In lha Seminary prop
. '' arty, Weal end of town. " fe"
DE. J. "W. FISHER
HAVTNO irnan.ntly loaated la ST CLAIRSVILLK
w.ald rataaotftiiir annaunea that aa 1. ast'gaiajaa,
araaareS la perioral all aparauans p.rlaiiiing.
(Till wark warrantad ta rire aatitfaetion.
- OrFiCK a few doeri Ea.tof tlieNati.iial Hotel, and
aaarly appetite tee OhraNiele .race. M
FIfcST NATIONAL BANK
Olf ST. CLAIBSVILIiB.
BANK eeen fram a. u. until $ r. at. Diaaaant daya
Tuetdaye at 10 a. w .
Money received an Deeetit. 0
Collectiena made and proceed, proaiptly remitted.
Exchange bought and eeld.
Km J. Alexander,
TV T. T. CeWKN, PrteJ?iil.
M. 0. WauiT, Cataier.
X. T. RHODES MM. 8. rTARFIELD.
Rhodes fc War field,
(Saecessors te Rhotlas It Ttro-)
PRODUCE Jt COMMISSION
MtM Bridgeport, Ohio.
union h otjs:e,
- MOKIIISTOWN, OHJ O.
THIS Hotel, in Morritiowit. io lona known at the
'Lippinootl Hou.e." bat been purcliaauU by and
ia now kept by the undertif lied.
The traveling public are utvnred that napatn. will be
eearec1 ta make ilia irue.ta of tliia Huuae coimortable.
Goad tublaa. iiuia uiuderuta. -myin-ly
WM. B. KIRK.
A JB. COOK, Proprietor.
(Lata of Lanaastar, Ohio.)
T'lIIS HOUSE i. aituated b.lwean the dapott of
tka CdtttVal Ohio, Baltimore and Ohio, and the Cleva
.M . irid FIuk aarak Rail Roadt. The Proprietor hat put
!bb itt 'tie .n. the furniture in Ifrtl-clatt order. Ha ia
t m ae aammeaat. in. iraveuiif pueu. et .n
lti ariek a eaJI ad aaa ata.
A. E OOOK
It 3ST. WHITE,
arTAaTintaa er Taa axl-treM
ThTBShfii', Separator & Gleaner
.,1 aJj Umm fevrec Also, the ObioOpsuTuniUltin:
, 4 and Hafta Fowar,
,). MAjRTIN' FERKy, Sol. Ca. 0
J. I. WEST & CO.,
Drugs, Chemicals & Hardware
Notions, Perfumery, &c, kc.
DR. J. It aipKER, 108, Penn atreet, Piittburgh. near
ft. Clair Hotel, .tiendt to the treatment of all Die
.un mt tit Kys and performa all aperaiiujuae
teaaary far their cure.
Reference. Rar. Wra. M. Paxton, Rer. Wm. A,
'OowWled in jjsw and bttr pUea.)
CAN be obtained likeneatea of aary stylo and ptiea.
Pietarae of awry kind framed to order, on anon
otiae. Alw, PHOIX)()RAPHlC Al.L'MS and CAR1
PlCTURliS ai aelebritiee alwaytoa An!"-
Building a few doara Weu of the Treasurer'. Orlsa,
V Clatraeilla. Rauata an Krti tnor.
pM aa all kiaatt weatker.myW
I. B. POWSLt.
And Dealer, in
HonTf Grain, Hay, Grass Seeds
i i Lard, outter. Eerers.
Oreeii Alpples, fec, feo.
. I..A.. AV n TI , . Raima, B.pnr..-,-..
-aaI17TH " ..
Piiubarght Juakuia, Cranuia V Ci 'VT
IMPORTANT FROM THE SOUTH.
Jeff. Davis Conspiring Against
the Press-Indignant Protests
the Press-Indignant Protests of the Papers--The Subject Before
the Rebel House-Bold
the Rebel House-Bold Attack on Jeff. Davis--Foote
Denounces Him as a Tyrant--
Denounces Him as a Tyrant--The Negra Arming Question--
The President Advised to Mind
his own Business.
DAVIS ATTEMPTING TO CRUSH THE INDEPENDENCE
OF THE PRESS.
Heretofore one editor, snd the employes
that h. Rhall declnre on ath to be ncces
ary for bis work, forcsch paperin the Con
federacy established before May, 1862, have
been exempted from the rebel conscription.
Jeff. Davis now aeka his Congress that edi
tors be subjected to detail ; that is, that he
may exempt what editors he pleases, and
end the others to the ranks. As a natural
consequence the Southern papers, especially
those wbioh have insatiably opposed Davis'
policy, are very rnuoh exercised. The Ilioh
mond Enquirer of the 9th says:
The Constitution of the Confederate States
exfends to tke press the cegi of its protec
tion, and, selecting it out front all other pro
fessions, gives it an honorable security
against even the Congress of the Confeder
acy. Coupling it even with the free wor
ship of Almighty Ood, the Constitution
connects it also with the right of the people
peaceably to assembly and to petition the
Government for a redress of grievances.
Its place in the Constitution is between the
Vox Dei and the Vox I'opuli, subordinate
to the one, superior to the other. This
could not have been mere accidant ; there
must hive existed some reason for this pro
tection and for the immediate conjunction
with religion and pepular petition.
Editors, as individuals, deserve no more
consideration from the Congress than "shoe
makers, tanners, blacksmiths, printers, mil
lers, miners and telegrapl) operators ; " but
as the press without editors would be play
ing Hamlet with tho part of Hamlet omit
ted, there is something due to tho intelli
gence of tho people, which demands at the
hands of Congress that the press of the
country be not wholly prestrnted at the foot
of the Executive power, and forced to peti
tion for existenoe, and tc receive it upon
such condition as the Executive, or his de
tailing subordinates, may choose to impose.
.Exemptions by law gave an honorable po
sition io the press, secured its independ
ence,' and left no rod suspended over its
bead, but such as the people raised by their
support or rejection. Ilut an editor emerg
ing from that cesspool of corruption, the
detail system, would be nn object, of offense
to the virtuous people of these States, and
the paper ke edited cease to be the organ of
public opinion, snd become the miserable
conduit ol these to whote favor he owed his
exemption from the ranks.
No I for Gad's sake put us in the army,
the trenches, anywhere ; but save us from
the position of a derailed editor.
Did the President, when he recommended
this degradation to the pressor' his country,
know that neither "telegraph operators,
workmen in mines, engineers, shoemakers,
tanners, blacksmiths nor millers, " were ex
empt by law, aim that his recommendation
pointed only at professors, teucbers, physi-.
dians, and the press of tbe country?
For sixty years the Richmond Enquirer
has existed a newspaper, free, unbought,
npurchassble, and nevershall it exist other
wise, with our consent. 'J'he support we
have heretofore given the President and the
cause has beeu conscientious and free. No
other support can we ever give. If the
Cengress considers that the bone and mus
cle of the press are worth more than its
brains to the cause, send us all to the ranks.
There we may do bume service to tbe coun
try ; but as detailed editors wo may bocomo
the tools, the minions of power, but we
should cease to be tbe agencies of expres
sion for a free people.
The press is nut a class; it is an institu
tion, as sucli recognized bveuliglireiicd oiiin
ion all over the world, and truard -H, us wo
have shown, by the power of iho Constitu
tion. Neither bliormaking, nor tannin?.
nor blaolcsniithing, Bor uiiliinenvnnr any of
tho "classes" with which the President has
connected the press, have any constitutional
recognition. Religion and the press, and
popular I nmty are protected by the t onsti
tBtinn. When the President shall have suo
reeded in striking the central essence from
his triune guard ot publio liberty, and de
prived religion of its organs and popular
petition ni' Its voioe, be will have added not
k huudrod men to the army, but darkness
will brood over the land, illuminated only
by tbe rash-lights of pensioned and pur
chased papers edited by details.
The first step toward despotism will have
been taken when the press of the country
is put under the control of the Executive
details. The army will not reoeive one hun
dred reoruits from this reoomraendation to
substitute detail for exemption ff the prose,
but the world writ soon learn what value to
set upon the voice of a press whose conduc
tors owe thoir exemption from service to
tbe favor of detail. . .
Let it be remembered that unlimited and
unrestrained power corrupted even the
Psalmist af Israol, and that, under the
universally recoemzed. paramount politi
cal duty of every member of aooiety" to
serve in the army, Uriah, the lltttitite. was
saorifiood to the guilty passions of King
David, who lent him to the trtry with a
Utter to the commander, saying: " Set ye
Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle,
and retire ye from him, that be may be
smitten ana die ' a fate easily visited o
an obnoxious editor undor the del ail system.
Under the Virginia Bill of HigbM. the
freedom of the press is euarantocd. We do
not bslieva that the State of Virginia will
nuintlv permit her prcis to- be wholly de
stroyed. The pleasure yet left to the con
ductors ot the press tne-kina ana cner
ful support gives tbem'by the peonle. They
have uncomplainingly borne with all the
AmViarratameta that Lave be set the press,
and aided and sustained us in all eur diffi
culties. We do not believo they will per
mit'this disgrace to be viaited open ha
Tho Examiner also bitterly opposes the
detailment scheme as tyrannical on the part
of the Government, and disgraoaful on its
EDITORIAL EXEMPTION IN THE REBEL HOUSE.
. Ok tho 9th Mr. Foote,,of Tennessee, who,
doubtless, is of the same pinion with the
Enquirer", e'ubmitted tbo following T solution
in the Houae it RepwntatiTtsr !
Rmnlml, That the recommendation con
tained in tho President's message that Con
gress should vest in the military authorities
werto detail such editors and needful
employes of newspapers as they may con
sider proper for tho eondueting of said pa
pers, and t put all others in military service,
is one which this House 'can by no means
He supported his resolution in a long
speech appealing to the bill of rights, and
to the necessity ol having an untramnitleal
press, and thus severely assailing the policy
of Davis :
The President desires that we should em
power him and his official fabordinates to
dseide what newspapers shall be borenfter
printed, and what not j what editors shall
be sent te the front of battle, and what edi
tors shall be kept at home in a state of
ourity ; what opinions as to publio men and
measures shall go forth daily and weekly to
our fellow-oitiiens. In other words, Ira de
sires to be empowered to establish a system
of censorship which will give bim unlimited
command ovor the publie sentiment of the
Confederacy, as fur even as our remotest
settlements extend. He asks to be invested
with a power with which we cannot olothe
him without destroying the very freedom for
which we are now contending in arras. He
asks for power whioh no King or Queen or
Imperial Potentate in all the world does new
possess, or would even presume to claim.
Other gentlemen miiiht do ns ther please,
but he should y irh I tip none of (liete tmential
ritjlit either to I rendent Davit or to I reti
deitt Lincoln.'or any of the official minions or
survivors of the ntunhrooti greatness or self
idolizing amity. In the exercise of his pow
er i nst a noes of partiality and corruption
have been innumerable. The relatives and
friends, dependents of men in office, bave
been uniformly favored, while the most
meritorious claims of ethers have been ut
terly and cruelly disregarded.
As en illustration of how this power ef
' detailing and "exempting" men bad
been exercised by the President and Secre
tary of War, Mr. Foote said he would cite
the case of a man who had been arrested a
few weeks ago for fraudulently obtaining
and selling pussports to parties running out
of tbe country. He was arrested and tried
on the charge, but. though the evidence of
his guilt was oouclutive, he was ullewed to
go unpunished. It was said that there was
"no law to reach his case," and so he was
turned loose. Yet the act stood before tbe
world, and he did not hesitate te say it was
an act of cool, diabolical villainy. In the
evidence elioited on the trial it was shown
that this man engaged in this infamous and
nefarious traffic, had and carried in his
breeches pocket a letter from the President
ef the Confederate States, recommending
him to the universal confidence of the peo
ple of the South I Nay, more. This pro
curer of fraudulent patsports had for more
than a wholo year kept out of tbe army by
a seeret exemption given hits by Mr. Sed
deu "to write a history of the war," which,
when written, no doubt will throw Tuoitus
nnd Livy in the shads 1 Here, said Mr.
Ftmte, we have an illustration of Mr. Sod
den and David' "exemptions" ond "de
tails. " Here is whut may he expected if
Congress shoulj invest the President with
tho power he desires. Here is an example
of how that power would be exoroued. The
President would discriminate between the
editors; ho wotild send souio to the held,
and those be liked and who fluttered him he
would permit to stay at home. Ho would
break down the prrs. There would be no
such thing as a. free, unshackled press if
Mr. Davis should be vosted with this extra
ordinary power. The editors would all have
to print what suited Mr. Davis, and if they
were not subservient to him, be would put
them in tho army.
The power which is now asked at eur
hands is not sought for any honest and pa
triotic purpose. Let us suppose a oase, con
tinued Mr. Foote, which may be much near
er the truth than all present know of. Sup
pose that there are several newspapers in
this city which are under the supervision
and direction of intelligent, able and patri
otic editors. Suppose there be another one,
reputed to be in the ownership of a man of
acknowledged integrity, whese father before
him was un honest and patriot io man ; sup
pose that relations exist betwoen this pa
per and the Government whioh admit to its
columns daily all the efhoiul scribblers of
the vicinage, from the Department of Stale
down to the lowest clerkship of a bureau ;
suppose you find in its oolumns almost every
inoi niug silly and exorbitant commendations
of official functionaries of little brain and
no principle; suppose all the aots of feeble
and corrupt administration lauded ad nan
stum ; suppose even that such oratorical
productions as President Davit' lite Macn
haranrtue, that most dumistina specimen of
fustian and billingsgate oratory tfutt luts
ever been uttered outside of all insane asylums,
to be extolled in the columns of that paper,'
and te be pronounced alike wisn, eloquent
and paternal in ite spirit and bearing ; sup
pose, in addition, that just such a paper as
this, en a somewhat smaller scale, bound by
similar obligatins to men in power, to be
snugly located in every town and village in
the Confederacy ; suppose that all the abler
and more independent papers of the coun
try, whose editors refuse te bow the knee
to I3aal, and who, it is feared, might, from
time to time, if lett undisturbed in their
vocations, be found revealing important and
annoying truths about publio men and their
actings and doings, should virtually be sup
pressed by being deprived of their editorial
directors. I ask you, sir, would a country
in whioh suoh proceeding were bad be free?
er would a people who submitted patiently
to suoh outrages be worthy ot freedom ?
Sir, I tell yon and my countrymen every
where, that Mr. Davit will never rent satis
fied until he shall liave eststblished unconstitu
tional power,' Me.il tverg day solidifying
his yiowrr more and more. His disregard of
vublic sentimmit is such as mt wise and Dutcr-
nal Executive Chief has ever before exhibited,
lie sets at naught, at hit own pleasure, our
liest considered legislative enactments.-
Tkrovyhont the Confederacy, those who hive
done most to earn the esteem and command
the confitlence of their felloe-citixens, with
but few exceptions, have found their claims to
promotion disregarded and theii most meri
torious acJiievements ignored. Others may
vote to extend this man's power for mischief;
1 hold in contempt him and his whole tribe of
servitors and minions.
Mr. Barksdale, of Mississippi, did not
want to commit himself for or against Mr.
Foote's resolution, and therefore movod itt
reference ta the Military Committee, The
motion was eariied by rote of 65 to 13,
Mr. Foote voting no. : . -
WHAT THE ENQUIRER THINKS OF THE ACTION
OF THE HOUSE.
The Enquirer of the 10th publishes the
abovo speech and reference, and editorially
The press of the Confederate States would
have felt securer in its future freedom had
tho House of Representatives, on yesterdsy,
seen proper to have adopted tbe resolution
of Mr. Foote, ef Tenneeaee. against the
recommendation of the President to substi
tute details for exemption, but the large
vote given for the reference to the Military
Committee cannot but be accepted by the
press as leaving itt future condition uncer
tain. The construction put upon this recom
mendation of the President, was denounced
yesterday in Cengress as that ot a "mad
man." "I am not mad, mot noble Festus.
but speak forth the words of soberness ana
truth." We would have been most gratifi
ed if the honorable member who thus de
nounced our constitution had supplied the
firess wirh sounder views as to what the
'resedetit meant. This paper has never ex
hibited any spirit of factious opposition to
the President, and we received his recom
mendation with the deepest regret ; but we
have been unable to discover any other ef
feot for this recommendation than the de
pendence of the press for continued exist
ence upon the pleasure of the President,
should tho Conrress substitute details for
exemptions. We are writing only of effect,
not of the motives, of the President ; these
are known only to himself and his God.
But if ho is seeking dictatorial powers, what
more certain way of accnraplistiimr bis ends
than the unlimited control of the press,
which the power of detailing (he editors
would give him ? If the dictator scheme
has fiiends, what better way ot advancing
it than the reforence of Mr, Foote's resolu
tion to the Military Committee, there to
slumber until the plot has been fully arran
ged, and is ready to be sprung upon the
Qirardin tells his readers that a scheme
of making Patrick Henry dictator was talk
ed of in the Virginia Assembly, in 1 770.
Archibald Cary, meeting with Col. Syuie,
the half-brother ot Henry, in the lobby of
the House, aocosted him : "Sir, I am told
that your brother wishes te be dictator.
Tell him, from me, that tbe day of his ap
pointment shall be the day of his death ;
for he shall find my dagger in his heart be
fore the sunset of that day." And thr scheme
was abandoned, for alt knew that " Old
Iron," would have made good his threat.
There are descendant) of" Old Iron" living
in Virginia yet.
NEGRO SOLDIERS—DAVIS ADVISED TO MIND
HIS OWN BUSINESS.
The Richmond Examiner of the 10th has
the following significant article :
It is truly astonishing and almost incredi
ble, that now, in the fourth year of our in
dependence, and of a terrible war waged to
vindicate that independence after break
ing up the old Federal Union because we
would net suffer the Washington Congress
to interfere with eur State institutions the
President of the Confederate States should
"invite" the Riohmond Congress too)ns d
cr a project for emancipating slaves by the
Confederate authorities ; and should at the
same time spenk of this emancipation 83
"a reward tor faithful service," as a boon
and a blegiing, as something which would
plaoe thorn necroes in a better position than
before. Mr. Davis thus intimates his opin
ion, first, that laws of Congress or the ac
tion of the Confederate Executive, can lib
erate slaves; and scooriifithaj sluvery is so
dire aud hideous an evil as to make escape
from its horrors a reward and a boon evun
to an old and worn out negro at the end of
the torm of "faithful service."
Many worthy Virginians have lung been
of opinion, it is true, that it were better for
the State if slavery were abolished and l lie
slaves sold off to the ootton States. It is
certain that but for the stupid insolence of
Abolition philanthropy, such a change
would aotually have been made in the in
dustrial system ot Virginia. Possibly, also,
hereafter, when the war shall be over, and
al! pretense ef coeroion and pressure shall
be removed, the citizens of this Stale may,
if they think right for their own benefit,
and not as a boon to negroes make arrange
ments for the gradual removal of their slaves
further South. Ihismayone day come to
be a practicid question ; but it is no question
now; and above all it is no question for Mr.
Davis either now or in the future. We warn
him and the Confederate authorities to mind
their own business. We "invite thoir con
sideration" to their own business; and their
most pressing business now is to execute and
enforce the military laws they already have;
to use the powers wherewith they are al
ready intrusted in order te keep the ranks
of the army filled up with white men and
free citizens, who ought to need no stimulus
te fsithful service, and wbnse single and
sufficient reward will be the glorious inde
pendence of their native land.
Ba frank with the world. Frankness is
the ohild of honesty and courage. . Say just
what you mean to do on every occisien, and
take it for granted you meaq to do what is
right If a friend ask you a favor, you shall
grant it if it is reasonable ; if it is not, tell
kirn plainly why . you cannot. You will
wrong him and wrong yourself, by equivoca
tion of any kind. Never do a wrong thing
to make a friend or to keep one ; the man
who requires you to do so, is dearly pur
chased and at a sacrifice. Deal kindly and
firmly with all men ; and you will find it the
policy whioh wears the best Above all,
do not appear to others what you are not.
If you have any fault to find with any one,
tell him, not others, of what you complain.
There is no more dangerous experiment
than that of undertaking to be one thing
to a man's face, and another behind his
back.' We should livo, act and speak out
of door, as the phrase is, and say and do
what we are willing should . be known and
read by all men. It is not only best at a
matter ef principle, but as a matter of polioy.
' A Old Voter. Among tho gratify
ing incidents of the elootion on Tuesday, is
tbe faot that nearly all of our oldest citi
zens voted for Mr. Lincoln. The venerable
Isaao C. Jones, for a long period one.of our
most distiuguished nicrohantx, who voted
for Gen. Washington, on Tuesday cat a
ballot for Mr. Lincoln, having reached the
extraordinary age of 95 years. This vote
is one of whioh our worthy President may
well feel proud. Philadelphia North
Ex Senator Rich, of Minnesota, form
erly an intense Breckinridge Democrat, has
some out warmly in favor of the general
policy ef the Government He thinks that
Mr. Lincoln's "emancipation proclamation
will adorn histoiy 't brightest page."
Proceedings of the Belmont Co.
The annual meeting of this society wit
held in the M. E. Church, St. Clairtville,
oo Friday, Nor. 11, the Hon. IS. S. Co wen
presiding. The meeting was opened with
devotional exercises, conducted by Kev. J.
B. Johnston, after which reports were pre
sented by tbe Secretary, Rev. D. R. Camp
Mi, and by the Trcasuerer, Oeorge Brown,
Esq., aod adepted. The reports exhibited
a gratifying improvement id the resoarees
of tbe Society its receipts the past year
being much in advance ef eny preceding
year, and amounting to $1,385 45.
Tbe report of the County Agent showed
the individual sources from wbieh this
amount bad been received, as give ia the
Fifteen branch or Township Societies are
in active operation, in all -of which ennual
meetings have been regularly held aod col
Tbe following are the receipts by Town
ships: Cash of Pultncy Tp. Bible Society... 53 9
Pease " ... 178 80
Warren " ... 139 41
" Wayne " ... 43 87
" York " ... 68 2ft
" Wanhingtoo " ... 57 81
" Mead " ... 26 Cfi
" Smith " ... 98 (X)
" Union " ... 53 85
" Kirkwood " ... 33 10
" : Somerset " ... 10 12
" Goshen " ... 36 60
" Richland " ... 151 00
" Flushing " ... 1 01
" Wheeling " ... JH9 14
" Colerain " ... 75 96
" sundry sources 29 67
" from sales, in depository 4 40
Total $1,386 45
During the year upwards of fourteen
hundred families have been vieited by the
County Agent, and only sixty found desti
tute of the Scriptures.
After the adoption of the severs! reports,
tbe Society proceeded to the election ,of
officers, which resulted as follow:
President Hon. B. S. Cowen.
Vice-Presidents Officiating Clergy of St.
Secretary Re.v. D. It. Campbell.
Trtaturer George Brown.
Depositary Yiint & Nagle.
Ou motion, the Secretary was requested
to transmit a copy of the proceedings of the
meeting aud ot the Treasurer's Ittnort to
the Secretaries of the American Bible So
ciety, and also to the editors of the St.
The Society then adjourned.
D. R. CAMPBELL, Cor. Sec.
Time is tho most nndeflnable, yet para
doxical of things; the past is gene; tbe
futuro it not come, and (lie present becomes
the past even while we attempt to define it;
and, like tbe flash ot tbe lightning, at once
exists and expires.
Time is the measurer of all things, but is
in itself unmeasurable ; and tho grand dis
cloor f all things, but is itself undisclosed.
Like space, it it incomprehensible, beoause
it has no limits ; and it would be still more
so it it had. It is more obscure in its source
than the .'i!e and in its termination than
the Niger ; and advances like the slowest
tide, but retreats like the iwifest torrent.
It gives wings to lightning te pleasure,
but feet of lead to pain, and lends expecta
tion a curb, but enjoyment a spur.
It robs beauty ef her obarnia, to bestow
them 011 her picture, and builds a monu
ment to merit, but denies it a house. It is
tbe traniieiitdsceitful flatterer of falsehood,
but the tried and final friend of truth.
Wisdom walks before it, opportunity with
it, sb'1 repentance behind it; he that hath
made it his friend, will have little to fear
from his enemies ; but he that hath made
it his enemy will have little to hope from
Extract from the Supplementary
Report on Conduct of the
Report on Conduct of the War--Examination of General
Q. Were you in the fall of 1891a candi
date for the Presidency? ,
A. I dou't rsmomebor. tjgjr
Q. Did you in the fall of I86I encourage
any persons to vote for you for President.
A. I may have done so.
Q. Do you knpw whether any persons
voted for you tor that offioe ?
A. I didn't see it..
Q. Did you, during tba period referred
to call for larger foroes ?
A. I don't remember. I may have done
so. It would have been in accordance with
my habits. Tribune-
Advantages or Woman. A women
siys what she ohooset without being knock
ed down for it. She can take a snooze af
ter dinner, while her husband goes to work.
She can go into the streets without being
asked to "stand treat" at every saloon.
She can paint her faee if it be too pale, and
powder it if too red. She can stay at home
in time of war, and get married again if her
husband ba killed. She can wear corsets if
too thick other fixeos if too thin. She can
get divorced from her husband whenever
she sees one she likes belter. She can get
her husband in debt all- over until he warns
the pnblio not to trust ber on his account
But all these advantages are balanoed by
the great fact that the oannot "pop tbe
Whom to Marht. Whau a young wo
man behaves to her parents in a manner
particularly atTeotionate and respectful, from
principle as well as nature, there it nothing
good and gentle that may not be expected
from her in whatever condition she may be
placed. Were I to advise a friend as to a
choice of his wife, my first counsel would be,
"look out for a pious girl, distinguished for
her attention and love to her parents. The
fund of worth and affection indicated by
suoh behavior, jeined to the habits of duty
and oonsidoratioa thereby contracted, be
ing as a role, to render bei a mild, obliging
and invaluable oompameo lor lire." -
A Fair Specimen.
The county of Pike, Pennsylvania, presents
tn instructive lesson of Copperhead politics.
Butf'ewdared vote for Lincoln io that county
and two or three votod theUnien, ticket who
were expected to de otherwise. One of these,
a Mr. Newman, had his hense.barn and grain
buroed that night.and another sent his wife
and: children into th woods toe-enae.
Copperhead Insolence, while he watched his
premises. In this eounty oee to fourteen
ef the people ean not read and write, while
in the good Union oonnty of Lancaster only
one in forty ere thus ignorant!
Gen. Hooker on the Electioe-
Gen. Hooker on the Electioe-His War Democracy.
Gen. Hooker was at Toledo on the 10th,
making a hurried examination of the har
bor for defensive purposes. The Blade says:
On his war from the depot to the tug, be
stopped at the Board of Trade lloome te
get a chart ot the river and bay. As soon
at he entered the room it was filled with
citizens, snd he was completely flanked.
Seeing no way of escape, he turrendtred
handsomely in a neat and patriotic little
speoch. Upon being introduced to the
gathering by Harry Chase, Esq., President
of the Board of Trade, he spoke tt follows:
Gentle vex: I am glad to meet you here
to day. My time and attention are entirely
occupied with official duties. I was called
from Chicago to Sandusky, and now atop
here for a few hurried examinations, aod
must then pass en.
I said I was glad to meet yeu. I am
specially glad to do so under such fa-erbie
auspices. Everything lookt bright for our
country. Tbe work which the ptople ac
complished the day before yeitotday will do
more to put down thit rebellion than any
thing done before. It was the greatest vic
tory of the war. The hopes based upon the
Peace Party of the North, have long been
the chief prop of tke rebels. They have
been struggling along against defeats and
difficulties for a long time, in tho hope that
the Presidential election of 1864 would
bring them relief. They well know that
armistice ana negotiations mean nothing
let than separation and dissolution of the
Union, and hence their dependence upon
the Peace Party.
Tho managers of the Chicago Convention
are daa?eroui men. Obio sent one who
claims te have put into the platform of that
convention the declaration that tbe war was
a " failure. " That man eleimt te be a Dem
ocrat. I never was anything else thin a
Democrat, but I repudiate ail tuch at him.
He never had a drop et Democratio blood
in bit veins. 1 an satisfied, from what 1
heard in Chicago, that one half of the
convention that Dominated MeClellan might
be indicted for treason. The name of Jeff.
Davis was cheered there oftener than Ide
Clellan's. The Deraccratio party never t ail
ed to stand by its country in times of trial
and danger, and it never will. The only
Democracy now existing in this countiy
was represented at tbe recent meeting of
tho War Democrats of New York. They
spoke my sentiments.
1 do not rejoice in this result because I
am so much a friend of the President, as I
de for the success of the cause he repre
sents, and I would support any man for tbe
Sbl:e of that canto.
Gentlemen, I thank yu for your kind
ness cm this occacion. I have already taid
more than I intended to say.
The election of James Brooks, in the 8th
New York District, is to be contested on the
ground of fraud and illegal rating. The
Commercial AdvertUer, in speakinf of this
The extensive frauds were perpetrated in
certain wards of this city, particularly the
first, third, fourth and fourteenth, is beyond
nuestion. Tbe large excess of rotes polled
over the names registered would, in itself,
besuueent teestatlish this tact, but it is
notorious that in manvdistrctsthe Inspectors
ot .Ejection entirely disregarded the require
ments of the law, and penuittoJ voters who
announced themselves friends of "Little
Mac," to cast their ballots, although their
Games were not en the registry . and their
votes were challenged. Tha investigation
of these frauds ouht cot to be confined to
the 8ihaCongre.s8ional District, thoughthat
is probably the only district in which they
changed the genaral result.
Oiher authorities say that facts hare al
ready been ascertained sufficient te east Mr.
Brooks, whose reported majority it only 15ft
Beauty Is Public Property.
The following very sensible advice is
from the Autocrat ef th Breakfast Table:
"There are seme very pretty.but.unhappily,
very ill bred woman, who don't understand
the law of the road with regard to handsome
faces. Nature and custom would, no doubt,
agree in conceding to all males the right te
at least two distinct looks at a very comely
ten) ft la countonauce, without any infraction
ef the rule of courtesy or tho eentirrent of
respect. Tbe first look is necessary to de
fine the person of the individual one meets,
so as to aveid it in pissing. Any un-isual
attraction detected in a first glance is a suf
ficient apology for a second not a prolong
ed, impertineut stare, ;but an appreciating
homage of the eyes, suoh as a stranger may
inoffensively yielJ to a passing itnare. It
is astonishing how morbidly sensitive some
vulgar bcaaties are te the slightest demon
strations of this kind. When a ladj walks
the streets, she leaves her virtuous indig
nation countenance at home ; she knows
well enough that tho street is a fpieture gal
lery, whore pretty faoes, framed in pretty
bonnets, are meant to be seen, and every
bed hat right to see them."
The Oldest Voter in the United
[Correspondence of the N Y. Tribune.]
LINESVILLE, Nov. 9, 1864.
township. Crawford County,- Pa., being
one hundred and five years eid, voted the
Union Electoral Ticket, always heretofore
hiving voted the Democratio ticket. He
has voted at every Presidential election ever
held, except that of Wasbington'sfirst term;
be was in the battle of Monmouth in tbe
Revolution, and retains all bis fsoulties
except hiseight. On June 10, '6the writer
of this called at his residence. He said he
was 1 03 or 104 on that day; he wished me to
put his name on therell, (as I was enrolling
officer), and aIo put down that he was
at the battle of Monmouth, and then had 10
grandsons in the Union arm. I put these
facts on the roll end they were copied aod
scut uu to Hiriiaburg and Washington.
Sharp Answer. At one of the .hotels
in Augusta, last Saturday, the landlord taid
to a boarder:
"See here, Mr. , the chambermaid
found a lady's hair-pin in yeur bed this
snerning. it will not answer,' ,
Well," replied the boarder, "I found a
rromau's hair in the butter this morning,
but it did not prove you had a woman m
The two men looked at each ether for
abeat ten eeeonda, when each trailed end
went bis way, ne doubt pondering over, the
peculiarities of circumstantial evidence.' -
Kansas gives 10,000 Union majority
TKLMIft ADVKltaTUmK J
(n laa at I aaa,) aaa at SWaa laT- 1
Kara .aiar-qa.nl InamtA..
B7-RalrMaa Caroa. f fawM mai Va,nMMK -1
a aa. r.ar ai.4 aapar lor.....:. jS SO
rryMrk.nt.'atTart.na;. not .laaaffW aBa-fariS
af a l.m at ant tnnc. ai A .,
jot etc.,,.,!, four .hangta, Ift a aaiaaim aot ar.
irrAS.niwm.nt. nai aernrranlo4 wtth wrltwa S.
reetiona will U inaaritd .ui far lia. ai.d tharM a-.r.
irrsracut. Nimrra aM pom,. Ti.r Aavt.
T...Mt me, and a .all th. r.uaal arSinan aorta
itemeiua ' a
D. S. "The Old Woman."
- It wis thns a lew days since, we heard
a stripling efeixttan years designate tbe
mot her who bore him. By coarse husbands
we hare; beared rives tecalled oecasionly,
though in the latter case the phrase it of-
fan IIMrl arwlaarinali A. kit .:
. u n . . v atu uujon, as
commonly spoken, it jirt upoo the ears and
ahair-lra thjk aanaaa As n 1 .1 .. : -
wuwaii is an
object of reverence above and beyond almost
. i . I C I IT . ,.
an fuiaa vi nuniaimjv utr uga anould
be tbe surest passport to courteous considera
tion, the aged mother of a grown up family
needs no other certificate of worth. She is
a Tuonnmant e.P mvnaVmnnm tnnmvoJ ,l
warranted. She has fought faithfally "the
good fight,' and comes off oonqueror. Upon
her venerable face sbe bears the marks of
the conflict io all its furrowed lines. The
most griereot of tke ills of life hare 'lWn
knra rriula nntnM mnA ..-I- n.j
, -ua,,iw,i,uiJF IV U.U
and barself, she bat borne- incessantly: and
now in her old age her duty done,
i -""'""t ai'iiuinucu luuc, rnw
stands, more truly beautiful then he he
has slain hit thousand, and stood triumph
ant on tho proudest field ol rictory. Young
men, speak kindly to your mother, and
even courteously of her. But a little time
tfitl mav aaa Imp ma t , fr
j - - j - ..v. uv mum i urc i c ri xx cr
eye is dim, her ferra itbtnt, and her shadow
ibiis grarawara. utnert tniy love you wnen
she has passed away kind betrted sisters.or
tho whom of all tbe world jou rnty choose
for a partner sbe may love you warmly,
passionately; children may love you fondly:
but never again, never while time it yours,
shall the leve of any woman be to you at
that ef your old trembling, weakened moth
er has been; through helpless infancy tier
throbbing breast wis your safe protection
snd support in wayward tetty boyhood,
the bore patiently with your thoughtless
rudeno.1 and nuned yeu through a legion
of ills sod miladies. Her hind hat bathed
your tro9. er rcoittened the parched lips;
her eye that lighted np the darkness ef
wisting nightly vigils, hatching always in
yonr mghtiy sleep, eliepltn by yeur aide at
none but hers eould watch.
Obi speak not her name lightly, for yeu
cannot lire so many years as would tumee
to thank hor fully. Through reckless and
impatient youth .hi it your oonsellor and
loiiee. To a bright manhood sbe guides
yeur important steps, nor even then for
sakes or fetgots. Speak gintly, then, and
revorenticlly of yeur mother, and when you
tee, shall be old, it shall in tome degree
lighten the remorse winch shall be yours
for your other lias, to know that paver
wantonly bave your eutrigod the respeot
due to the old woman.
What Makes a Bushel.
The fallowing table of the number of'
pounds of various articles te a bushel, may
be of interest to our readers:
Whoat, sixty pounds. '
Corn, shelled, fifty-six poundi. ; '
Corn, on the cob, seventy pounds. " '
Rye, fifty-six pounds.
Oats, tbirty-tix pounds. , MJ
uarisy, lerty-six pounds.
Buckwheat, fitt v-eix rounds.
Irish potatoes, sixty pounds.
Sweet potatoes, fifty pounds.
. Oniont, fifty-seven pound. - -'
Beans, sixty pounds.
Bran, twenty pounds.
Cloverseed, sixty pounds.
Timothy seed, forty-fire pounds.
Hemp seed, forty-five pounds.
Blue grass seed, fourteen pounds.
Diicd peaches, thirty-three pounds.
At the Hotel, in Cairo, they are'-
not noted for despatch iu filling, orders far
meals. If a warm dinner is ordered, some
time is taken to coek it. Not long since I
napped tbeie, and sat down at a table with
n elderly gentl-men, who ordered squirrel.
I waited some time for my dinner, but was'
almost through, and the old gentleman was
still waiting for his squirrel. But his pa
tience was at last exhausted, and he beck
oned the inward to him, and said
"Has the niii got a good gun?"
"What nSan 7" asked the steward. ' ' , r
"The man that's gone to shoot the squir
rel I ordered," said the eld gentleman, with
Just thea I choked, and d'd not tear the
steward's answer, but I saw him disappear,
and in a few seconds tbe old gentleman was
dirouring his squirrsl with apparent relish.
""---elatatai a I
Going to Canada.
Tbe Chicago' Timet (Copperhead) ' is
taken with a sudden liking for Canada. ' It
pioutures he joys ef the American emiger
among tho Canucks in the most ' enticing
oelers, snd it prophesies large influx of
population to the provinces from the late
supporters of Genera) MoClellan. : It says:
Now that the re-eTe5tion of Mr. Linnolu
bids fair te give us four more years of war,
mere are tewer reasons than ever whv men
who can get awar should1 remain loneer.
To stay here ie tobrave a conscription wbioh
must sooa become universal, and to be loss
in contest whose rortex is swallowing th r
life, wealth and reputation of the nation.
Tit for Tat.
The Domocrstie papers '.hiak they.have'
mado a point against Father Abraham
because his old Illinois home, Springfield,'
gave a small majority against him. i They
will probably laugh out e'the otheriideof.
their mouths wheu they discover, as they
ean do by reference te the return,' that
Orange, New Jersey, the home of MeClellan.
gave a majority against him.. The sauce.'
you seo, it not exclusively ferthegoeee..-
It is surcestsd that, on the principle laid
down in the late Chicago Plitforra, whioh
affirms that the War for fSe Union should,
be stopped because it has been ptosecuted'
through four years without attaining its
oject. the party calling itself Democratic
should, for that same reason, deaiat hence
forth from trying te get into office. t We
commend the ideate their earnest consider-'
tion. ' ; '
BrEPBTtt A. Douglas was rrorfed to'
hare died insolvent. We are glad to learn
from the Chicsro Journal that such was not
the ease. On Monday the executor present-''
ed receipts te the eoenty court, showing1
that be had paid orer $7,500 te Mrs. Doug
las, and over 17,000 to tbe twe children,
alter liquidating all demands against the
T,.- Tii;n.:. r ..;.i.in.. :it .. I. A .
A.a .iiniwir. ja,ir-' ,it -II. ai. uv,
Senate Union 14,' Democrats 11; ' Hou se,-
ITni- SI rionnla 9A . An Inlat K.l I.I
the Unionists will bave a dear, majority 4
20. Quite enough.'