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lit try Thurtdmy Itortting)
0. L. POQRMAN.
brrtcn-Muonli 1111 nuiidisa
at w door J&Mt of Ooart iious,
tafia eubsarlker, prr aniiem, (In adveMa)..TiSt
IW'I - ...I..... 1 TO
Vm fceiiiae to
f 1 '! !''. (fl.
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Established in 181,8.
ST. CLAIK3VILL1C, OHIO FEB. 15, 18GC
New Sories-Vol. G, No. 3.
Tcnjhts or Tot eih-fiiVu.' ;
One equefa, (Ml) llh.a or leas.) bus or ihrr hiser.
' ; sss
Feeh .tiwnilr4l fnserl'tfn v..
On. .uuare three aaouiiit , 4 Of
Bieiane Caaos, ( four lo seven llnrs. I rear .. I OSJ
Meacjia-re' luvrii. ant nn .dim on. (mirth of
ar.iluoinai anytime. S.M per ,eat. A r.iluma.
not eaeeedina fear e haniee, S. A aoaseiit,
loor ehanges, SiU.
Fioa AavramaMaKT. ami in ry es.e.U paid
w aUanc,or (uarauwedby rt-yuii.itrle u.rneshuuov
Seacist Nimcas a id Ikn-ar, r,.oM Atwaariaa
mstts suae and a kali ll.s r.UM uf unlnuiry avaltiae
C. W. CARROLL,
-Attorney at Law,
.M IT CLAIRSVILLB, OIIIO.I ' . i
. dim In Uw Omrl Hooee, S. W. room, en stair
CEO. W. HOCE,
A-ttorney at Law,
, , , 8T, CLAIRSVII.LK, OHIO.
Ormi oil Nonh aide of Mnln street, (ew doors
miiR marietta .ireei.
. m. r. KINO,
I,,'-- Aiomy t Iaw,
. ;,' ' BARNE9VH.LE, OHIO.
WILL freenee in Belmont and adjoining on
eteej AU Mmh promptly attended lo.
: : J. J. GLOVER,
, . .. jiTTORltEY AT LAW, ,
1 WHEELING, WEST VA.
WILL practise In Went Va., and Eastern Ohio.
OflB.e, M. U. Cm. Monro (t 4ih Street., wheel
ing, wi v. ti'iM-'r -
JOHN 8. COCHRAN,
, ATTOBNKY A.T LAW,
L10KIIMD V. . CLAIM AQKIfT,
, '..-... ST. CLAIR8VILLE, OHIO,
18 prepared la roller! bark py, beuntT, and ill sol
dlers'claims with all possible dispatch.
AppHeante will call al Judge Kenuou'e Law Office,
i , , , : ;
.; PETER TALLMAN,
ATTORNBT .A.T Z.W,
. " ST. CLAIR-VILLE, OHIO.
OFFICE up -Main in Ik. Court Hoa .
ATTORNHT A.T rA-W,
ST. CLAIR8VILLE, OHIO.
ItyOFTICK one door East ol the Court Hnose.
D. D. T. COWEM
ATTOHNKY A.T IA.W,
1 , , tT. OLAIRSVILLE, OHIO. " j
OFFICK an North tide ( Main .treat, a few Snore
Keit of Marietta alreet.
C. L. POORMAN,
Attcffiiey k Counselor at Lafr,
ST. OLAIRSVILIiB, Q.
OFFICE Masonic Hall Building, a few doore Eattol
the Court House.
Special atiention iveii to the collection of claims
af aiiun the Government for Bounty. Back Pay. Pensions,
Fay for Horses or oilier oroperty loot iu tlie service, Ate.
R. H. COCHRAN,
Attorney at Law & Notary Public
t i : SJT. CIJURSVILLP, OHIO. '"
bFFICE three door. East of the Court Houee.
DR. HEISTrY WEST-
AS raiuraed tho practice of Medic hit and Surrerf .
Kewutno I'jiMfiid oi town, unici at urug Mora
Dr. John Alexander, .
MT. OtiAIROVlLLi:, OHIO.-
FF1CK AND RESIDENCE la the Seminary prop
' arty, Weal end of town. fe7
. Dr. John H. Thompson,
' iT.CLAIRriVILLE, OHIO. .
OFFICE opposit. Weal' Drue Store.
DE. J. W. FISHER
HAVING pamtaneatly located In ST. OLAIRSVILLE
would rssp.eifully announce that he is Mu
.prepared to perfuna all operations pertaining ML-aLl
la tipra(.ssuu. . 1 , I.M
Qtr All w warmntod M iva ratisfaclion.
OFFICE a few doors East of tha Natioual Hotel, and
-early ppesiie the Ckremick, odiee. . M
THE vndarsicned having taken pewsession of th
National Hotel, Bridgeport, fornier)y kept by Wm.
Babinaon.l is prepared the aaeommodato the traveling
ipvMic in good style and on resonalle terms.
apr-ly SAMUEL MARTIN.
1. r. BHODKS 0. M. RHODES.
L E.;P.: Rhodes & Son,
(Sueeeaaara to Rhodes It WarBeld.)
r PBODVCB COMMISSION
:'i,UUm ; Bridgeport, Ohio.
"iBST NATIONAL BANK
of HT, oLA.iruvixr.ic. "
:, ;, I (I u ' I
TS ANt open frwa a. M. -nUl 3 r. , Slaewuitdays
JD Tsaaa-7tl "
'Von.y reoaivwl an Deposit. ,
. 0o4leeVMm maih, and proceeds promptly ramtllad.-
Exchange bought aud aeld.
".. V' ... ancMMi ., , .,,
1(oss j. Alexander, John Darren,
feavid UtsvL '. Joseph WoodeaanaM.
. ... , . . 1 1 D. D. T. COWEN, President.
ft.'C Wiw.T. Cashier. mya-lf
Afld Dealeri in Heady-Mads Clotb
" . lag. Genta' FHrauhing Goods,
Hats, Caps, fco. fco. '
Arent. for the SINGER SEWINO MACHINES.--theia
Meehines aro undoubtedly th very best iausa
,ai NEEDLES oouataouy on nana. . w ii
'ifc'iP. 0 BfEISWAlf Ol ft.
A NNOUNCE Wiha Public that they .1 famish
Jr Hmh. Bunies, Hacke. uarnaaea ana wmiu
bases, at all hour., with or w)fboul driven.
Kaouiia at tha Nauonal Hotel.
- JAES OSBORNE,
Business Cards. Selected Poetry.
Business Cards. Selected Poetry. THE SONG OF THE TELEGRAPH.
I ttftva haarJ men aay that whan wind war high,
Ah4 aloarii ware totiinr abaut tha Iky.
ioarnajriniruver aoma lone ronriu,
When tha andleva wirea of lha te.erre.nh Daea.
Thar have -mod, and Uetened, and uaublad with fear.
The Mug 01 uia laiefrrapn 10 hear.
A aad ami most uueanhijr ttrain;
A aharn, 1 w moan, like a ioiU in pain
RUihtard fallinr 6lfullf,
Like tha .ettir wavea a fw a etnnn at aea.
I have ihoairht end wondered many a lima,
Whi the wire would eay. could it upcak in rhyme i
And thinbiiia; much, and wotiderina; ionic, t
Al taiifth have lound tha telegruph'a eoug.
to. tha (to Id en aire ia come!
L.K'hi has lroken or the WoUd !
Let tlie cannon mouth be dumb,
lt the baiile-flaf be furled!
Ood ha eent me 10 the nalioua,
To unite thein, thai each mau
f ail future RniHrationa '
May t eoMMojiolitftii. , , :
' 1, the ItKhtmiiK the dettroyar
I, the mitamabla, tha proud .
'. To be harneeeed to tha wire, . --
I have 1 C my thunder-eloud,
tiarhinprer of peace and anion.
.. Meaiei.er no more of wraih.
To eaiablish aweet commonioii,
lovi va earth 1 uka my path.
With the olive branch extended,
Kwift I go lo every ehore ;
. 8wn all n alio ite thall be blended, ,
They ihali hear of war no mora.
t Peace and progren be forever
, Fruited on the hearta of men,
So that future time may never.
Bee a battle field ugam.
Business Cards. Selected Poetry. THE SONG OF THE TELEGRAPH. Choice Miscellany.
Business Cards. Selected Poetry. THE SONG OF THE TELEGRAPH. Choice Miscellany. Abraham Lincoln--Second Lecture
of His Law Partner.
Hon. 'Wm. H. HerndoD, of Springfield,
who was Mr. Lincoln's law partner for twen
ty year, recently delivered bin second leo-
ture on the Ufa tnd oharautor of oar late
President. We hare already given some
eztraeta from his first lecture, and now make
the following selections from his second :
The first feature ot Mr. Lincoln's charac
ter delineated was his .
While he remarked that Mr. Lincoln was
an original man, he would not be underload
as sayinx that he had any creative ability
which litta a man to bight ot gonitis. Ho
was not a Shakspeare or a Newton, a Frank
lin er a Fulton, and yet he was original.
Still, he lacked that capacity which oreates,
that faculty in the mind whioh ransacks the
realms of nature and the human soul, and
from thence forms and oreates ideas, whioh
in beauty and grandeur excel the originals;
he had none ot that imagination which sires
form and shape to the conception!) of the
brain. He had no fancy in whioh to garb
nd paint the creations of vixion, and in all
his acta, letters and speeches, this want is
distinctly perceptible. We live in the head
while we read them, and hence we are nev
er roused to a snbliree emotion.
During a visit to Niagarain the rear 1858.
in company with the lecturer, iu response
to some remarks ot the latter in reference
to that amazing object and the emotions and
imagination, thov inspired in him, Mr. Lin
coln replied, "The question that suggests
itself to me is, where does all this water
come from ? " His imagination ran back to
the first 'oause of beginning, lie had no
oreative or organising ability, no faculty of
original discovery, and little imagination.
SIMPLICITY OF MIND.
A nortien of the world believed Mr. Lin-
colu to be an exceedingly simple and open-
minded man, but nevertheless be had bis
policies and hie endi in view, and he was
nrofonndlv seorotire, koepiug his purposes
shut up in his own heart. He opened his
miad to no living man or woman, tetany er
partially. He led mankind by s profound
policy, by convincing men that they were
ruled by their own instincts and interests as
to his particular wishes, whereas, in truth
and in faot, he ruled them, strongly and
well, through his sagacity. A simple mind
ed man is he whose whole soul is easily read
nd understood. I his oan bardly be said
of Mr. Lincoln. He had an apparent sim
plicity of mind ; he undoubtedly had sim
plicity ot appearance, manners and methods,
and what he said, so far as he did say it,
was simple. He had no low cunning ; he
passed no counterfeit acts upon the world
as true and genuine. He was strong, honest,
manly and noble; still he had his polioy, his
secrets, and his silent methods. The world
must learn to distinguish simple appearance
from simplicity. Mr. Liucoln had not a
suspeoting mind, doubted no man's honesty,
was easily cheated ana dupea. -us-was
trulv' democratic easily approaohed," ten
der, readily affected hy the distress of others.
and with his detective intuitive judgement,
he was simple indeed; but is this an evi
dence of simplicity of oharacter? Linooln
melted into tears by a sharper, is a sad, sad
sight, indeed. He was totally destitue of
those qualities f nataps thajt spring from a
conscious want of noble strength. Yet a
twenty-five years acquaintance convinced
the lecturer that he never knew the whole
of Mr, Lincoln's miad. .
MR. LINCOLN AS A LAWYER.
Mr. Linooln. in early life, ohoss the pro
fession of thd law, and the reason he assign
ed was this: It was ths grandest soienos
of man ; tt was the best profession to develop
the logical faculties, snd the- highest plat
form en which man enuia exiuoit nis powers
in a well trained manhood. "
Tie had some or the best attn hntes or a
large, strong, healthy lawyer. He had great
capaoity ot reason, ana witn 11 logic ; as
loved and graspea principles ai won as o-taik-.
He had ooooentratioa, continuity and
endurance.-. He had oonsoienoe and heart.
ths power of analy-rh. Fas cool, calm,
cautious, praotioal, impassioned ; slow, just
and honeaL Us was a safe and consoien-
oious counselor. It is alleged that he never
Hi. and never would, -take a fes on ths
wrong side, j This, however, the speaker
hesitated to authenticate, but affirmed that
hs was an honest lawyer, carried his person
al and individual hoaor to ths bar. was all
liberality, .courtesy and honor (here. . Hs.
dealt liberally with wes as to tha manner in
wbiob he treated his ohents in their oases.
He was always Just asd eossoisntioas. Sams
points of his legal character are illustrated
bv ths following examples :
1st A gentleman would come ints his
office and state his ew.se, and if it. Was a
wreoc. malicious or illegal one. Mr. Lin
coin would My. "My friend, you are ia ths
wrong jrpu have no iustioe and no equity
with yen. I Would advise you to drop ths
matter,' and fling1 all thought of it to ths
-rinds." - , ". -
id. . If a eatuman same into his office
, sad stated- hh case, and if ht bad; ths right
side, Mr. La told him so. tie then again
patiently listened to what eould be proved,
and after forming his final opinioa of ths
merits of the ease, hs would say, "My
friend, you are ia tbs right, bnt I dos
think your evidence sufficiently strong, (al-
1 1 i -. . i .
ways anowiog a nine ior exaggerations,
When so toads to drivs oonvictisn homs to
the minds at tbs Jury.) 1 advise you to
oetnpromise, snd if you can't get this, and
caa't find other snd further proofs, I advise
you to drop ths ease snd fling all thought
it to the winds."
3d. If a man cams into his b flics snd
mads a statement of his esse, and, sfter
patiently listening to ths whole story snd all
the points, includiog evidenoes, sod it he
formed tne opinion tnatnie client wasrigni,
he said t " Mr friend, you are in ths right
oan so demonstrate it to ths minds of the
jury send home the conviction to the mind
of the court or its legality and Justice.. 1
have no ressansbls doubt of this ; but I ad
vise yon, as a good rasa, to go to your
neighbor snd sav to him what veu have
said to me, snd ssk him kindly lot firmly
to do right and Justly ; snd if hs will not do
it then 1 II make him ; ' sod in this
there was no failure ia the end.
Mr. Linooln was an extremely strong man
when in tha right a most Dowerful man.
His sincerity was all over his face, integrity
and honor were there. Un ths weak side
of a case hs was eaually weak a child.
Iielplea snd pitiable. His fees were small
he only chargod what he - in oonsoienoe
thought his services were worth. He never
sued a client but once, to the knowledge of
the leoturer, snd that was the Centra! Kail
road ; and in thai case he sued rather for
the insult than the fes. It is said thst Mr.
Lincoln was sn excellent nuipriui lawyer
i. ., a good Circuit Uourt lawyer. To
reasonable men he had scarcely sn element
ef nui eriuf lawyer, as the world under
stands that term. Ths - qualities of a
good aut prtu lawyer are quiokness,'
sharpness, versatility of mind that fan
move snd leap here snd there as oooasisss
and oontingenoies demsnd, and equally quick
to form an aocurats judgment. Technical
ly, quick, analytic, sagacious, ounning minds:
cold, heartless, eonsoienceless men, siicoeea
in the Cirouit Court, in bad and good oases
slike. The leoturer had seen Mr. Lincoln
sent out of oourt many times, its csuse,
figuratively speaking, an "i'' was noldotted,
or a "t" crossed.
Mr. Lincoln was a great lawyer in ths
Federal Courts, in the Supreme Court of
the state of Illinois, and in tbeCirouit Courts
of the State whero he had time to prepare
his cases. Ia the Federal Courts and Su
preme Courts of this State, he took time.
and thoroughly prepared his oases. Hs
was then a "number one" lawyer. In the
Circuit Courts, however, the lecturer con
sidered him bat a third-rate power. In a
conversation with Mr. Lincoln, he (the
lecturer) tepeated to him what a oelebrated
Judge onoe said was a lawyer's duty to his
client, nsmely : That his hoad, conscience.
heart and soul belonged to his client ; all
his intelligence, tact and skill were his. To
whioh Mr. Linooln replied : "No client ever
had money .nougtrto bribe ray conscience,
or to stop its utteranoe against wrong and
oppression. My conscience is my Creator's,
not mine. I shall uever sink the rights of
mankind to malice, wrong or avarice ot an
other's wishes, though those wishes come
to me in the relation of client and attorney."
A noble sentiment.
In the same conversation, in whioh the
leoturer was reproving him for having lost
a good case, as he supposed, from defeotive
praetice, he made the following remark
about general reading :
"1 cannot read generally. 1 never read
text books, tor 1 have no particular motive
to drive me to it. As I am constituted, I
don't love to read ; and as 1 do not, I feel
no interest in what is read nor oan I re
member such reading. When I have a
particular case in hand, I have that motive,
and desire to ferret out the questions to the
bottom, love to dig them up by the roots.
and hold them up and dry them before the
fires of the mind. I know that general
reading broadens ths mind makes it uni
versal, but it never makes a preoise, deep,
dear mind. The study sf particular cases
has that tendenov. as I nndeistand it.
General reading has its advantages snd dis
advantages, and tha same may be said of
special case readings."
Mr. Linooln was indulgent to all ths mem
bers of the bar, especially the younger ones,
whom he always assisted. He was deferen
tial to the Court at all times. He reapeoted
the feelings of witnesses, and was never wont
to browbeat or bully them, no matter on
which si Ho thev testified. He was re-oeotful
to Sheriffs, 'deputies and all under offioers of
the Court Ilia pleadings were plain, short,
dear, snd ts the point at issue.
Mr. Linooln. was an unsuspeotiog man, and
supposed all men to be like himself. But
let a witness verge toward perjury, and woe
be tohiia. It Mr. Linooln entertained the
notion that the man was swearing to a wilful
falsthood, ha chastised him with whips of
scorpions. To flee from Mr. Linoolo and
oonsoienoe was impossible. ' In suoh a situa
tion he (the leoturer) had seen the witness
en ths stand turn pale and tremble great
drops of sweat bestuddiog his fsoe an un
mistakable illustration ot poor tauen nuotao
nature. . ... . . .. -
A friend last returned from New York
tells a pretty good story of sn Illinoisan,
who stopped st the same hotel. On Sun
day ths Western man, being desirous of
hearing several oi the more famous pulpit
orstors of the metropolis, went ia the morn
ing to Ur. Ubspio s church, snd besrd a
stranger preaoh from ths text : " And Si
mon s wile s mother lay sick ot a fever. '
In the afternoon he went to Beecber s Plv-
mouth church, and hesrd ths same discourse
from the same oreaohsr. Goiag in tbs
evening to Dr. Osgood's ohuroh. he found
the same clergyman snd ths ssme theme ;
" Simon's wife s mother Sat siok with a fe
ver. " The next day ths pstient hearer of
the tbnoe told disoourse was crossing to
Brooklyn, in a ferry boat when the alarm
bell of a park agitated the air with its great
huge shocks of sound, and a man behind
him inquired why that bell was tolling.
Looking up, be saw tbe familiar counte
nance of tbe preaohef, and was prosfpt to
reolv: "I tbiuk Simon's wife's mother must
be dead ; I heard three times yesterday thst
she was siok or lever.
' Th Salt Lake Videtce. says that "fanny
freaks occur in t'tih." A short time sinos
a Mormon was frozen between two 'wivsst
Hs was engaged io hauling wood betw -sn
the respective Wrbios ot bis first and SfW i
wives". ., . '
Bind . fg tha subscriptions to Thi
The St. Jonathan.
A new temperenoe movemVot af ths high
Sr order is now in process at being devel
oped, to whioh ws think soma pnbhs attention
might be directed with profit, . It was
organised on ths 1 3th of December of last
year as tbs St. Jonathan Society, and at
present consists of 2i or 30 gentlemen, who
are united in a social olub, having total ab
stinence from all intoxicating drinks ss car
ainai principle or tnoir onion. ' JNo one is
eligible who will not confess to tbe brother
hood hs seeks to join that he has felt in his
own person, once sr oftsner, tbe evil effects
of occasional exoesaes : nor oan anv habitual
sot, who has muddled away bis brains for
years in oontiououa drinking, m accepted
upon any terms. Tbs Society aims chiefly
to reclaim and save from future error, with
its inseparable sufferings of mind, body snd
estate, such unfortunates as are styled "good
fellows" men of tslent and position in
their respective walks ol life, who are onl
tempted into exoesses now snd sgsin, either
trom mentsi disquietude or impulses to exu
berantly social. As to habitual sots, it dim
bs questioned whether they sre worth savinr.
even were it possible ; or whether the best
thins; for men laboring under such unhappy
conditions, may not be to let them finish
themselves as fast as they can, and so get
done with it. The Society has established
for itsolub-fees $100 on admission, with
$50 a year from each member. It is now
engaged in securing handsome quarters in
some sooessible part of the city ; and its
Issdiog members propose sn annual dinner
of tbe St Jonathan Sooiety, which they
hops will not be less popular; nor leas intel
lectually spirited, thsn tboaa 'of the St
Patrick, St. George, St Andrew, and other
pious bat imbibulsting confraternities of
that national and social class. Cortainlv. if
St. Jonathan is ever to become a canonised
saint, ths reeent wsr should have made him
one; and if tbe total abstinence movement
be ever destined to find aav larsa number
of avowed converts among the wealthier
classes and men of higher ststion, it must
be through some suoh agency as this of ths
St Jonathan, for the ordinary ritual and
chapters of ths Sons of Temperance are
both too severs and too public for general
aoceptsooe by gentlemen who have to min
gle with and receive society. Vineit omnia
aqua is the motto which Dr. William W.
Sanger, its learned organiser, has chosen for
this new Sooiety ; and we shall take occasion,
in some early number, when matters havs
grown a trifle riper, to give full osrticnlsrs
of this now aad deeply-interesting brother
hood, with the names of its most prominent
members, a description of the club-quarters
a being bunted np for it,' and a pro-
framme of the first annual dinner of the
'rieadly Sons ot St Jonathan, whioh is to
come off soms fine evening between now snd
next April. At that dinner we shall have
a fair and publio test whether the clear
heads, calm nerves and equable pulses of
total abstinence msv not furnish ss much
true eloquence, wit, hussor, hilarity and
genuine inspiration as are flushed into un
healthy life and rank profusion under the
hot-house stimulants of Green Seal and
Burgundy, in all their tempting but per
nicious forms, at other publio banquets.
fNew York Citizen.
Thk following anecdote of Mr. Lincoln is
told by a correspondent of tha Mew York
After the hour appointsd for the reception
of Congressmen, officials, Ac, among the
first to present themselves were two auite
aged people.- They were plain country peo
ple, poony oiao, out wnn rrank, open coun
tenances. "Now is your time, dear, said
the husband, as the President politely dis
missed the one preceding them. The lsdv
stopped forward, made a low courtesy, and
siid, "Mr. President" -
Mr. Lincoln, looking over his specs, fixed
those grsy, piercing, yet mild eyes upon
her, then lilted his besd and extending bis
hand, said, in the kindest tones : "Well,
good Isdy. whst can I do for you?"
" Mr. President." she resumed I feel so
embarrassed 1 can hardly speak. I never
enoke to a President before ; but I am a good
Union women down in Maryland, and my
son is wounded badly snd in the hospital,
and I have been trying to get him nut, but
somehow he couldn't and they said I had
better come right to you. When the war
first breks out, I gave my sen first to God,
and then told him be might go fight the
rebels, and now if you will let me take him
home, I will nurse him up, and just as soon
as he gets Well 6oeugh, he shall go right
back and help put down the rebellion. He
is a good boy, and don't want to shird the
I was bating full in Mr. Lincoln's face.
I saw ths tears gathering in hia'feyes, and
his lins quivered as he replied :
" Yes, yes God bless you I you shall have
your son. What hospital did you nay I It
seemed a relief to him to turn aside snd
write a few words, whioh hs hsnded to the
woman, saying: "There, give that to-;
and you will get your son if he is able to go
home with yen. ' .
" God bless yon, Mr. President " ssid ths
father, tha only words hs had spoken ; snd
ths mothsr malting a low courtesy, fairly
sobbed : " O, sir, we art so much obliged to
you. " " Yes, yes ; all right ; and you will
find that will bring him, " were spoken with
such kindly tones snd tender, thst they have
often since thrilled my memory.
One More Swindle.
' A great excitement was created in West
Chester, Peon , one day last week, by the
oooduot of a gentleman who drove np in
front of the principal hotel io the village,'
and began scattering genuine five snd ten
oent currency among the orowd whioh
gathered aronnd him. Having altfaoted
the attention ot the populaoe, he Sold a' ten
dollar bill for five dollars, and tha Ova dol
lar bill reoeivedalso for half its value. He
then sold a quantity of gold rings at merely
nominal prices, ana handed back to pur
chasers tne money as fast as received. Th
eocentrio peddlsr then produced some me
dallions, whiuh be said were very valuable,
aad whioh, tbe method of his dealings bar
ing beooma generally imbwn. were vary
rapidty disposed of at ten dollars each.
Having closed out his stock, the peddlsr
remarked : "I didn't ssy I would give you
your money back on" these," and left town
on the next ftn. Tbe West Cheeterites
prooe-'dsd to, Sod np thtir rains, when they
diaaavsred thst their medallioss wars worth-
I less, aad thst notwithstanding ths stranger's
l4Ueral deal jogs, they were ia the end about
a ho onl or nocket a trtouiavja sreen ana
exoiteebla, ths villagers had the presence of
tnijKf to telegraph to Y biladSlphta, ana tbe
swiidler wss arrested there.' It may inter
est soms ot our readers to know that hs
fava his Dana as John1 Smith. .
Extracts from Letter of a Soldier
of the 25th O. V. I.,
District, Mailed Columbia
Jan. 23, 1866.
"Tbs peopls of this part of the 8tate
seem oompletely demoralized about their
debts and taxes. It seems ss if the State
will never be received into the Union. The
Mate Legislature met at Columbia and
made laws for tbe State, but they fcaonot
go into force while the military is ia force
through ths Stats.
"I hsve got pretty well acquainted
through this neighborhood, sod fisd very
sgreesble people. I am a viaiting through
them occasionally, and am treated as well as
I oould wish. The young people seem very
sociable, whether they are so or not, I can
not ssy, but I do not doubt it at all.
"Every thing goes on qnietly through
this part of tbs I)istrict Tbe Freedmea
are quiet snd bars all made contracts to
labor for tbe tear ; snd hsve all gone to
work better thsn was expected. The clti
sens!wers very uneasy before Christmas. .
They all expected that the negroes would
rise in insurrection on Christmas day, but
Christmas was ss qaite as any other day.
"I long to be away from this country
where I will not be troubled with blacks
This letter is from a truthful and moral
young man from Belmont County. I have
quoted four ceniecutive paragraphs. The
tecond md fourth show his sympathies and
affinities to be with the tz nbtl clan; snd
his prejudices to.bs sgsinst the loyal ex-
uavti. Consequently ,'his lesnings, if any.
are towards the coppery party Xorth. He
feels st; home with "$ociable" ex-rebels:
but feels it a "froitife" to "be with blscks,"
though in tha service of his "country. He
is, of course, no "lying abolitionist," nor
hss he the'diseasa called "nigger on the
brain." If ho be clear at corner an the
brain, hs is a, credible witness. And even
tinder this disease hs would hardly testify
particularly for the Freedmen, aad againil
South Carolina' ex-traiters.
The testimony ot this letter is very im
portant just now and here, in regard to the
present, and important issues before the
country. It gives the he very flatly to
the long. old. stale falsehood of the SnmS
and their rebel-sympathiziag-coppor-friends
Firtt, That "the nearaet tetll tint ."
if freed, without compulsion and without
the lash. This letter ssys the negroes srs
workingare "T ' working better than
was expected. Are the white neonle of the
South working at well? Half so well as the
Breedmenf Will a party in this country
never cease lying? Or doss it act noliti-
cally npon the principle and; belief that
"wAen it ihaU cease to lie. it leiu be sure tit
Second, That the emancipation of the
slaves would bring laJuuTsaUoa,- murder,
incendiarism, throat cutting, miscegenation
indeed, blood and thunder, death and
ruin! But these have not come, though rebs
auu cops nave Btriven io Driog tnem. And
now, nobody but a foal fears they will come,
unless they shall be provoked by the brutal
oppression and bloodhound cruelty of sav
age ex slaveholders snd their minions.
Unless they should be needed as they are
for political capital, and the needy politi
cal party shall succeed in devising waysand
means to bring them, come they will never.
. .Third, That emancipation would bring
idleness, vagrancy, pilfering, ruin, starva
tion, insecurity, confusion, alarm.
This letter gives the lie to all this appre
hension "The tretdmen are quiet'
"Christmas" even "as quiet as any other
day." . and this testimony is confirmed by
the testimony ef hundreds of witness un
questioned and unquestionable. A people,
"alt quiet," and that have "all gone to
work" will not likely do harm to any one or
any thing letting them alone, and so mind
ing its own business, quietly doing its own
work. But oppression may make the
"quiet," the industrious and the peaceful
Fourth, This testimony, so far as it bears
on the subject at all, proves that the. lies,
patent in our midst about the negroes noor
oreatures I "soon to be extinct" dying off
in consequence of the wickedness of the
abolitionists snd the wicked emancipation
oi tne poor staves torn from their kind,
loving and fostering masters, sre mere po
litical falsehoods, got up to bear on coming
elections. - 1 rue there is suffering in tbe
South among both blacks and whites. There
has been soms slaughter among the blacks
by their old oppressors because they are
now free. But where justice is regarded
few blacks suffer.
The alarm among the poor miserable
negro haters is that the Freedmen are doing
so well far better than the poor, ignorant
"white troth." The able bodied negroes
are providing well for themselves, are begin
ning to sustain their own schools and to sup
port their own poor. They are beginning
to sustain their own newspapers by the
score, their ewn churches snd banks too.
Fourorf.ee hundred thousand ot the Freed
men bate already boen taught to read the
Bible, and are rapidly receiving Bibles.
They have now io their "Freedmen't Sav
ing Bunks" upwards of two millions of dol
lars in deposit.
Never has the devil and his infernal set
their malignant arts to work for mischief,
with more malignant bate and persevering
devices than the negro haters South and
North are now doing to thwart the aims of
benevolence, of philanthropy and Christi
anity, in tbe blessed work of elevating an
oppressed race to all the rights and privi
leges' of humanity and religion. Still,
schools, tbe Bible snd the Gospel sre going
amongst them' still they rise : And still
the devil and all their enemies in their
anguish hewl "jVegre equality I"
Now, there is a principle involved here.
The devil's kingdom and interests, snd his
rest too, suffer under every good done to
our race. As redeemed man rises be and
his kingdom fall. Hence bis bsu-ed to our
race; and his opposition to erery thing
that betters human condition. Negro
haters, imbibing tbe spirit of the enemy of
our race, in their fatal error, suppose ths
elevation of the colored race must tend to
degrade them We osn see why Satan
feels human elevation detrimental to him
and his - but how csn man feel that good
to man good to our race can harsa man
caa harm any other race? Any political
BSttjV plaoing itself in such . attitude in
suoh antagonism to tbs elevation of any
portion of tha human raoe, must be of the
devil, and must sooner r later r fall before
the onward marobi of . light, of reason, of
progress, oi rijjhw of cvriliaauon ana
eepeciellv before ths Bible and the Oosfef.
So Ut italt I
The first paragraph of this letter oatls oar
attention to the wonder of the Carolinians,
and repeated by the soldier, why the mili
tary still rules, snd why tbe South is not
received back to "ride" in the government
ss heretofore. They seem to furet their
rebellion and treason, aud to overlook ths
fact that they have giveu neither indemnity
for tbe past, nor security for ths future
the latter of which, any sane gorernmsnt
on earth would require before restoring
traitors to all their forfeited privileges.
Gov. Brownlow with a hundred others
has given in his recent letter to Speaker
Colfax reason enough why Congress holds
the door, for a little while yet. against mMm.
Surely common sense, and common decency
would ssy if patriotism ware dumb trea
son should hsve some little time to get out
of its blood, and to get its Llood-stained
hands washed before being introduced into
decent snd loyal and law-abiding company
again. But Southern treason and iasolenen
and impudence stand out without a parallel
io the world's history.
Kad the Governor of Tetfner'.esf
"Standing uoon a different iaoAnr al.
together, it does not follow that if tenncs
seeans are admitted, the Representatives
from other States lately in rebellion muni
come in also. Not a man South of Tennes
see should be sdmitted until those States
manifest less of the spirit of rebellion, and
elect a more loyal set of men. and men mhn
can take the Congressional test oath, which
out lew oi tnem can act.
'If the removal of the Federal trhnn'
from Tennessee must necessarily follow up
on the admission of our Congressional dele
gation to their seats, why. thro, and in that
case, tbe loyal men of Tenneseo beg to be
milium representation in uoogres. Hut
our members can bs sdmitted, snd a mili
tary force retained sumcient to govern snd
control tbe rebellious. I tell you, snd
through you, all whoa it may concern, thst
without a law to disfranchise Rebels, and
a force to carry oat the previsions of that
law, this State will pass into ths band of
the Rebels, and a terrible state of affairs is
bound to follow. Union men will be driven'
from the state, forced to sacrifice what they
have, and seek homes elsewhere. And yer,
Tennessee is io a much better condition han
any af the other revolted States, and affords
a stronger loyal population.
"Those who suppose the South is re
constructed,' and that her people cheerfully
accept the results of tbe war, are fearfully
deceived I The whole South is full of the
spirit of rebellion, and the people are grow
ing more bitter and insolent every day.
Rebel newspapers are springing up a-1 over
the Sout h, and speaking ou Jin terms ot bitter
ness and reproach against the government
of the United States. Theso papers lead
the people, and at the same time reflect
their sentiments and feelings. Of the
twenty-one papers in Tennessee fourteen are
decidedly Rebel, outspoken and undisguised,
some of them pretending to acquiesce id
the existing state of affairs." .
A Singular Killing Affair up at
[From the Steubenville Herald of Tuesday Evening.]
A Girman Deddlar. bv the mmft nf M
Masehkovits. came iota the house of Mrs.
Priscil Barr, South street, yesterday after
noon came in by way ot the back doar, and
inquired of the inmates if they " wanted to
buy goods. He was told that no goods
were wanting, iheneuler than inmnre.f
of tbe family if they had any jewelry or re
volvers. He was told by the lady of the
house that she bad one, and got it for him.
The peddlar took hold of the pistol, when
h6 was informed that it was loaded. He
replied that ho knew all about it The
daughter of the lady of the house, Mary
ix)wuni;or, told Josepbino iMcfJormick, sit
ting near by, to get out of the way, as she
might get shot She did so. but suhsa-
quently resumed her former place. The
peddlar turned the cylinder of tbe revolver
until it came to a loaded barrel, when he
was again cautioned to be careful. - Rut th
peddlar aaid he was familiar with fire-arms.
He raised the Pistol in the direction nf
Josephine dlcUoruiick, when it was dis
charged, shooting her through the breast,
killing her almost instant v. Tha testi
mony before tbe coroner's jury was, that
the man was duly sober, and the death was
the result of accident.
Al. Maschkovits. greatly alarmed, tiirfde
bis escape, leaving his goods behind. Offi
cer Campbell sucoeeded in arresting him a
short distance west of tbe city. and. placed
him in tbe hands of the Sheriff, and ha is
now in jail. Ho was to have a preliminary
trial to-day at 1 o'clock, the result of which
we may be able to give before irnina tn nram
Th is is an exceedingly unfortunate affair.
ine young lady was about '19 years of sge,
in the prime of life, snd bore, so far as we
bare learned, a good character. Tha ned
dlar, M. Maschkovits, issa:d to be by those
wno Know mm, an lnonensive man, and tbe
prevailing opinion appears to be. not only
among the publio, but those who witnessed
the tragedy, that it was unintentional on his
part but ot a cbaraoter little short of a
crime. ' ,
P. 3. 'The trial was to-dav adiourned
over an til Friday neft.
Some Good Ones.
Why is it easy to break into an aid man's
house? Because his "gait" is broken and
his "locks" are few.
WlIT are ladies all thieves? Because
they "steel" their petticoats and ' boue"
their stays... -
WhtU a'mftkman like the whale thst
swallowed Jonah? Because bs tuuk tho
profit " out of the water 1
Wht is sn old woman like a bad lemon ?
Because she's not worth sqeesing.
Wht do ladies like the east wind? Be
cause it brings the "chaps" to their lips.
Why is flirtation like Diato powder?
Because it rubs op ths "spoons. "
Who wss the first nobleman mentioned
in scripture? "The Buron Figtree. "
What relationship is there between a
door mat aud tha scraper? Oniy a "step
What mood should s dior be? Sub-
junotive, beoause it's " wood ur should" Le.
V hen are tnestres urst mentioned in
scripture? When Joseph was poaaed into
tho V pit." , '
.Wht wss he passed into tha pit ? Bi
cause, wosring "a cost of, many colors, "
they would not allow mm in tbe boxes I
Thi- Chboniclb -contains double the
amount of news of any paper published in
tka flminr. l
GENERAL NEWS SUMMARY.
Tfir Xewvillo (Pa.) Star says list Wit''
liam flatten, a young man residing in Ship-
fnnshurg, one dny )st week vomited up a
ire snake about eighteen inches long and
more than an inch thick t He .wallowed it
while drinking from pool in Idaho, about
four month ago, and has salTered great dis
tress in his stomach ever since, complaining
especially of a sensation of coldness. Ha
returned to his home in Shippensburg, at
pecting soon to die. After undarirofii aof
unsuccessful treatment b a great seanv
snedical men, be stated his case to a phy
sician in Philadelphia, who pi escribed an
emetic, which was taken, with this shat.
result It came near stranulinr him. and
before he was relieved he was blaok io tha
A widow. la Iv named Henrietta Watts
from Dayton, Ohio, sccompanied by ha '
children, arrived in Chicago oa Wednea -'
dsy. On the csrs going there she formed
the acquaintance of a man who, after many
inquiries as to ber history, proposed trf
marry her. To this she ciosentsd, and they
proceeded to a hotel for that purpoe. While
there the man, by tbe practice of his strst
sgy. got possession of $250 belonging id
Mrs. Watts and absconded, leaving her en
tirely destitute in a strange city.
The RoM.ei.ter (N.Y.) Union ssys thsl
on Wednesday evening, in St. Luke's Chap
pi. in that city, during the read iug of the
Psalter, in which occurred ths triumphant
wordsof David, "Though I walk through
the valley ofth shadow nf death, 1 will
fear no evil, " Mrs. II. E. Rochester sank;
to the floor in what was thought to bo a
fainting fit but a few moments disclosed the
fact that it was the summons to enter upon
a higher life.
Some weeks since Col. King, of the 13th
Missouri Regiment, arrived at Jefferson.
City, Mo., from the plains, bringing with
hita a white boy, about twolve year of aire,'
who wandered into bis camp among the
Sioux. He could speak little or no English,,
and knew nothing of his birthplace. It baa
since Keen discovered . that he was the soo
of a Mr. Sylvester, and was stolen on the,
way to Oregon, in the summer of lGO. An
uncle, residing in Quincy. III., hraring of
Col. King's dt.'oovery, made inquiries r.liico
resulted in his identifying the boy us hts
nephew. The latter, however, has bcoma
quite an Indian, has forgotten all aljut bit
parents, who aro now living in Oregon, and
is stroogly attached to wild life.
Tub mo'.t remarkaUe rfostn-ne at the re
cent " Tiger Ball " in New York wis that
of a foreign lady for whom it wa-uiade ex
pressly tobewoin on that occasion. The
dress was of soft browo p!u-;h. striped like
a tier skin with luminous jellow band ; it
ws male long, but clasps in tbe f'oim of
tigei's claws fastened it up short for dancing.
The lady's hair, which matched the tawny
stripes, bung ia uncombed waves to her
waist, and her onlj ornament was a collar
of plain gold about the neck.
"Tip" Pbenths, son of Major General
B. M. Prentiss, left Quincy. Illinois, recent
ly on skates, with a despatch for Lagrange
14 miles shove, and made the run up in 60
minutes. He remained there 30 minutes,'
and then started on his return, and ran
down in 55 minutes, having made the round
trip of 28 miles in an hour and 45 minute.
running time, acd been out only two hours'
and a quarter.
The postoffioo and several business boues
at Washiugtou, Penii., were burned on Fri
day. The principal losses were as follows :
Mr. Schledcr. $3,001); Lookert, $1,200; '
VV'aldron, of the Washington House, 5 000;
Doagan, $1,000; Hazlett, 3,0K); Harfiir.
ownor of the house occupied by Mr. Lonkcrt
and Messrs. Und-rwood and Driver, $ 3.0J0;
First National Bank, fl.OOy.
Great destitution is reported as prevail
ing throughout Alabama. It is estimated
that almost two million dollars will be re
quired to supply the wants of the needy.
The dentists of this State are urging upon
the Legislature the passage of a hill forbid
ding anyone to practice the profession unless
duly licensed by the Dental Association.
They contend that this is necessary to sup
press dental quackery.
Mrs. Robert E Lee has sold her farm
near Warreuton, Va., to Dr. Drcwry, of
Richmond. It eonuius about SuOacres, and
the price paid for it was $40' pr aero, or
$23,000 for the entire tract.
A stock actor, performing in tbe theater
at Salt Lake t'ity, lately asked Brigbam
Young for tbehunl of one of his daughters
in marriuce. The prophet became very in.
dignaot, and ordered tho aspirant for the
honor of becoming his son in-law never to
enter the theatro again. . The manager in
terceded for him, and the actor being neces
sary for the theatrical seao-ou; the decree
was at last revolted.
.A" great revival is. in nrojrress io the'
Methodist Churcbus in Indianapolis. "
It appears l-? tf'e message of Gov. Lyon,'
of Idaho, that seventeen millions of dollars,'
worth of gold and silver haro heeu produced'
in that Territory during the past year, (
TniBi is mor .ksting. on Central Pi.rlr'
New Yoik, on Surcd.iV than any oi her day."
Tha crowd there tastS-hhath wase.liiuater
al 100,000'; no less thau SO 00J weic ekaura,!
Good judges who have .examined jbo
peach buds in sod around Quincy, Illinois,'
say that they are sll killed, and that conse
quently there is not the ghost uf a ckauea
for any fruit next season. . .
A MAN crossing the Mississippi io a small
boat, the other night, was wedged in by ico
aad bis boat smashed. 11 j got upnn ac.ike
of ice whero he remuined twenty-four hours,
floating to St. Louis forty miles before be
was rescued. He was found almost aensa-
less from cold, but will live. ' '
NtW York will have fwer inhabitants.'
next summer than now. Large numbers of
families are cngauirrg bouses in the i-ouuliy
in anticipation oi mo cnoiera.
Th- Washington InfeUiEohivr denies
that Jeflf. Davis is to be tritd by a military
Tn- Indians of tha North West are rt
ported more friendly and dosirou. of umliug
WuEELfse is agitating the q'seitioti of a
Tm PER cent, has been estahli.-h.a
the legal rate of interest in Georgia.
Kx Gov. IIolden, pf North Carotins,
has resumed tbe editorial control ot the
' The President has expressed himself te
Fred. Douglass and 0th or as opposed tr