Newspaper Page Text
Mr. Bancroft's Oration.
POPE OF ROME AND THE REBELLION.
, II fi tb ,inlitiaa of affair ia Mexleo
lbl UtoleeJ the Ppe of Rom in out diffi
Bull o,fr thai Be eloB eaaoof temporal
.tveivign reeoinijed th thiol of tha Uon
federal State e. e lYmident. and hit sup-'
irttn m a peopl ; and in letter to I wo
reet prelate of th Catholic I'buroh ia th
Waited 8tate, tcouoI for. peso ar a
Vtmo whB tmso meant th Victory of sece
mod. Tat treats more at thev art ordered.
Tb Meaatnt: of tha Popt at Roma on the
lieaJ of Dak Maximilian eon! J not rvi
ia tHI nineteenth e nmry tha ecoleitioal
of tht-siitpoth; n J tha result in
M!riM proof that thcrtran benopro
Mrit im tha Mate without religion t'ree-OOSa.
THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA.
., WheB tt cams homa to
ftfc AiMrkam that the war which toe;
arse-inr wm e war for the liberty
Ik nation or tie w ni, tor irne iora meir,
the thanked Gid for the uerity of the
trial to which He B it their inoerity, and
. . I I I l 1 i U
erred thtule for their duty with en
inexorable will. The President wh led
aioax by the sres'see of their aelf-anoriSa-Ini
example ; and. at a child, in m dark
night, on a rutted way, eatobe held of the
hand ol itt father for guidance and rapport,
he eloni fast to the hand of the people, and
moved calmly tliroueh tho alootu. While
the atet.tnaahip of Europe was ecoffin at
tha Wepelete eanity of their effort, they pnt
forth aoeh miraolee of enemy aa the hintory
f the world had nerer known. The navy
i4 the United States, drawing into the pub-
It acmes tha willing militia or tha seas.
tVchled itt tontae in eitht months and -twhj44
an stnal Mocked from Cape
BatttfMtA the Rio Grande. Intheoour'8
f the war. it waa increased fire-fold in men
ad (ntanntce, whiUtht inrentitro eenius
f the eonntry deriatd mor effective kinds
f erdatnoe, and new forms of naval arohi
teetnre n wood and iron, There went into'
the field, for var'iMt term of service. sbolU
1.000,000 men; end in Mai eh last theihea
ia service exceeded a million ; that is to say,
-woe of every two able-bodied men tonic tome
rnrtin the war; and at ene tin(e erery
fourth able-bodied man wm In the field, lij
woeaincle month, 1M.000 met reeraited
into the service. Once, wlthitfTour weeks,
Ohio orcanited and plaoed p the Bold 42
regiment a of infantry nearly 89,000 men
and Ohio wis like other 8fate in tha Kat
od in the West. The well mounted eeval
ry nanihered 84.000 ; ef horMs there wore
bouxht first tnd last two-thirds of a million.
In the movements of troopt science came in
id of patriotism ; to that, to choose a sinele
iuetaneeout of the men;, an army 23,000
trees;, with itt artillery, trains, bsggato,
-and animals, ware moved bv rsil fmm the
Pototnso to tha Tennessee. 1.200 miles, in
etren days. In the lone msrehee, wonders
of military construction biitlped the rivers;
and whenever an army hslted. ample sun-
tie awaited them at their ever otianjrin;
e. The vile thought that life - (he ereat-
eat of blea-nnf did not rise up. In tan nut
tie aid severe ekirminriea blood flowd like
water. It streamed over the uwy plains
it stained the rocks ; tho on Jererowth oi the
forest was red with it : and the armies
marched on with mnjestio courage from ono
eootiot to another, knowing thst they were
-flghtia lor Ood and liberty. The orgsni-
ition of the medical denartment met it In-
Initely multiplied duties with exeotnets end
diensteh. At the now of a battle tho bent
aurreent of oar cities hastened to the field
to ffirr the soslous sid of tho f roatest ex-
penenoe and skill. The gontWst and most
refined ol women Ititt home of luxury ana
ease to build hospital tent nesr the trmtes,
sail erva at tiarses to the hick and dyinr
Bexide the large supply of religious toscher
by the pubtta," the oongregstions spared
their brothers in the field the atlet mini
ten. The Christian Comtniwion. which ex-'
pended $5,500,000, sent 4 000 elercymen,
hiMen out of the best, to keep anoilrd the
rsligion eharteter of tho men, and mndo
gift of clothes and" food and medinins. Tho
organixitinn of private charity Hiumed un
heard of dimensions The Ssnitsry Cnmmi
wioti, which hud 7.000 societies, distrib
ate I, under the direction of in unpaid
(hoard, spon'snenns contributions to the
amount of 1 1 5,000 000 in supplies or money
$1,500 Ol K) in money from Cslilornia alone
-and dotted thejcenn of wsrfrom Paducah
ea Port Uoysl. from Bi'lle Plsin. Virginia,
to Brownsvillo, Texas, with homos and
THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION.
country had for its
Miiippi, which wonld not bo divided, tnd
the rang of mountain which carried tho
'ronghold of the free throoeh Western
Virgjui and Kentucky and Tennessro to
he 4iiilands of Alabama. But it invoked
ht (till higher power of immortal juMine.
In anoient Oreeee, where servitudn wis the
nivtrsal euxtom, it was hold thst if a child
were to atrike the parent, the slave should
defend the parent, and by that act recover
tie freedom. After vain re'istanre, Jin
tilo. who had tried to -le tht question by
gradual emancipation, by colonisation, and
by ooapensation, at last saw that Slavery
must be abolixhed, or the llepublio must
die, and on the Ut day of Jsnuary, 1803,
he wrote liberty on tho banners ofiliosr
mies. When this proclamation, which struck
the fetters from 3,000,000 of rlaves. reached
Kurope. Lord Rntsoll, a countryman ol Mil
ton and Wilbrrforee, eagerly put himself
forward to speak nt it in tht name of man
kind, saying : " It i of a very atrage na
tare; " " measure of war ol a very que
tionaMt kind ; " an act " of vengence on the
slaveowner" ihtdoe no moro than "pro
lea to emancipate slaves whero tho United
Ktatee authorities cannot make emanoipa
lion a rtility. " Now. there was no part of
tht oountry embraced in the proclamation
where tht Untied 8;atee could not and did
ot make emancipation a reality. Those
wwo taw Linoolo most Irequnntly had never
before heard him speak with bitterness of
any human being, bat he did not oonoeal
hew keenly ht felt that he had been wrong
ed by Lord KueselL And he wrote, tn reply
to another eaviller: "Tha emancipation
pelioy and the ut of colored troops were
tht greatest blows yet dealt to the Rebellion.
The Job was a great national one, and let
on be slighted who bore tn honorable part
us i'. I hop pesoe will come oon, and
eom to stay ; then will there ba omt black
m wb can rtmember that thsy bv
f,J9ed tuankiod to tht groat ooDuitumg
RUSSIA AND CHINA.
f r, during tha war, our armies oarae into
military poaseanioo of every State in rebel
lion- Then, too, was called forth the new
Sewer that oomes from tht simultaneous
illusion of thought end feeling among the
nations of mankind. 1 nt mysterious sympa
thy of the million throughout tho world
svsa giren spofitenoously. The best writer
Kirtne wiked tho onsoieuo of th
tjboeightful, till the iotrlligent moral senti
wroi of tht Q!d World Wat drawn to tha
ijg tt tht nlettertd latesmsn ef tht
Wt. Rassis, who Kuperor had Jut o
cjomnJiEiduid ont of tha grandest aota in tha
tMrtof list by raiio20.000,0tK)orbond-
iato-lieeholder. and thai aauring the
growth aad oultwo (if a Ruaeiaq popl, ro
Mtiaod ouwwaVing tiiend. From th
udent abodu of oisilisaUon, which gar lb
frmt mpl oi an imperial government
rUU qaliT Wfl ih peeplo, Prjnoe
K"g. Iba Seoretvy ' St si for. Foreign
X.tUu nwnliNM tha yia or Confu-
eius, that w ahAald not do to other what
we would not that others should do tons,
and in tht name of th Kmprror of China
eloeed itt porta tgainst tht war ships and
privateer ol ''the seditions. " .
CONTINUANCE OF THE WAR.
w ironntinued, with all th
the world for anxious speotstots. It care
weighed boavily on liinooln, and hi faee
was ploughed with lb furrow of thought
and sadness. With maliu toward non, ;
free from the spirit of revenge, victory made
him importunate for pesec ; and his ene
mies never dnubted.his word, ordo.ipsired of
his abounding olemencv. Ho longed to ut
ter pardon sa the word for all, but not. un
l the frsed'ira of th negro should lie as
sured. Tho grand battles of Mill Spring,
which gave us Nashville, of Fort Donelnon.
Malvern' Hill, Antietam. Qottyshurg. the
Wilderness of Virginia, Winchester, Nanh
ville, the Capture of New Oileans, Vicks
burg, Mobile, Fort Ftaher, the march from
Atlanta, and the capture of Savannah tnd
Charleston, U Foretold the sue. Still
more, the self-regeneration of Miaoari, tho
heart of the continent; of Maryland, whose
tins never heard the midnight bells chime
ao iweetly sa when they rang out to earth
and heaven that, by the voice oi ner own
people, she took her place among tho free:
of Tennessee, which passed through fire ana
blood, through sorrows and tho -tthadow of
death tn work out her own deliverance, and
by the fnilh(ulne of her own sons to renew
herjonth like the eagleproved tbatvio
tory was deserved, and would bo worth all
that it cost. If words of morcy, uttered as
they wore by Lincoln on the water of Vir
ginis, were defiantly ropolled, the armies of
the country, movin; with one will, wi-ni as
th arrow to its mark, and without feeling
oi revenge, struck a tieMh-niow at rebellion.
Where in the history of nations, had a
chief masistrato 1fos.rs4ed more sources of
oooKolatipii and hry; than Lincoln? His
eountrymcn had snwn thdir lovo by choos
ing him tn a second term of service. The
6ging war that had dividud the conntry had,
lulled ; and private gnei waa nuna ny tne
grandeur of its results. Th nation had its
new birth of freedom, oon to be cnred
forever by an amendment of th Constitu
tion. His persistent gentleno.ts had eon
quored for him a kindlier fueling on tho part
of the Sooth. Hi Moffors among the
randees of EoroDe began to do him honor.
Tho lahoring olsstes everywhere saw io his
advaneoment thur own. AH people aent nun
their benedictions. And at tho moinont of
thehight of bisfsmo, to which Iuk humility
and modesty added ehirm, he rnii py ine
hand nf the asiassin i end th only triumph
awarded him wa the march tn the grave.
THE GREATNESS OF MAN.
This ia no time to sny that human glory
is but.dust and ashes, that wc mortals are
no more than shadow in pursuit of nhadow.
How men a thing were man, if there were
not that within him whiuh is higher than
himself if ho could not master the illusions
of sense, and discern the connections of
vinta bv a sunerior liuJit which ciuiics from
God. IIo so sharos the ditino itnpulnes
that he has power to suljoot interested pas
sions t.i love of country, and personal m
hi i inn t.i tha ennoblement of man. Not in
vain has Lincoln lived, for he has helped to
mske thin Ilopublio on example nf justice
with no caste but the caste of humanity.
The heroes who lad our armies end ships
into bntile Lvon, Mul'herson. Reynulds,
Sedgwick,. WsdfWnrth. Foofe. Ward, with
their noumonrs and fell in the service, did
not die in vain; thny nnd tho mvriadi of
nsmnless m irtvr. slid ho the chief martyr.
died willinelv. '"thai Oovornment of the
people, and for th people, shall not porish
from (heerth.' ' W '
THE GREATNESS OF MAN. THE JUST DIED FOR THE UNJUST.
.Th assH.ntioo ttf Line itn, who wa o
free from mfclic, lis by soma mysirrion
influence struck the country with olrtnn
we. and bnshed, iiisteod of exciting, ' th
nauoiui for wnvemen. It seems as if the iust
had died for th unjust. When I think of
th frends ( have lost in this war as every
nn who hears nib has. like niyelf, lost
those whom he most loved there Is'no'enn
solntion lobe derived from tieiims on tho
sonffold, or from anything but the establish
ed union of tlm regenorsted nutinn.
CHARACTER OF LINCOLN.
In his oharapter, Lincoln was
and through an Ameriotn. Ho is the first
n:iva of the region west of the Allcghanies
to attain to the !ighet Hteiion ; and how
happy it is that the man who was hrnuuht
forward as the natural outgrowth nnd first
fruit of thnt region should havo been of
unblemished purity in private lifo, a good
son, a kind husband, a m sl afleotionnte fath
er, and, a man, go gentle to all. Asto in-tearity.
Douglas, his rival, saij of him.
"Lincoln is the honestet man I ever knew."
' Tha habits nf bis mind wore those ol mf d-
itation and inward thought, rnthor than nf
action. Ha excelled in logical statement,
moro than executive ability. He reasoned
cli'arly, his reflective judgment was good,
snd his purposes were fixed; but. like the
Humlot of his only poet, his will was tardy
in action; and for this reason, and not from
humility or tenderness of feeling, ho some
times deplored that the duty which devolv
ed on him had not fallen to the lot of anoth
er. He was Hkillful in analysis ; decerned
with precision the central idea on whiuh a
question turned, and knew how to disengage
it and present it by itself in a few homely,
strong old English words that would be in
telligiMa to all. He d alighted to express
hi opinions by apothegm, illustrate ihem
by a parable, or drive them noma by a
Lincoln gained a nam by discussing
quest ions whiuh of all others most easily
lead to funaiioitm ; but he w.is never car
ried aw ly by enthusinstia il, never in
dulged in extravsgsnt lunguege; never hur
ried to support extreme mi'ssiircs. never
allowed liimsi'lf to be controlled by sodden
impulses. During the progress uf the elec
tion at which he was chosen President, he
expressed no opinion that wont beyond the
Jefferson proviso of 1784 L'9 Jefferson
and Lafayette, he bad faith in the intuition
of the popl, and read those - intuitions
with rate sagacity, lie knew how to bid')
bis time, , and wa las apt lolwt in dvanr
of pulio opinion tharHn'lag behind, lie
never aought to electrify the poblio by
taking an advanced poxUion with the bau
ner of opinion; but rather studied tn move
forward compactly, exposing no detachment
in front or rear; so tVtlhe course of his
admiiiistrction might huve been explained
as th oalnul.ting policy of a . shrewd and
watchful pw'itioian, had there not been seen
behind it a fixedness nf prjnriplu whiuh from
the first dVieruiiied his'liurpoae and gri-.w
mora inUnaa wiin every year, consuming
bit Ufa by k energy. Yet hi seneihilities
wera not aouto. ho hfi)o vlvUnesa of imagi
nation to pk-tura to bis mind th horror of
tha battls-neM, or thiUaTruigsin hopiuk;
hi oonsoieno w iuort . fjiuder thin his
feeling. , . ,
liooolo was one of th mo? sjt.Mming
vtf wan. In time of suocesa. h gav credit
for it to those whom ho employed. ( he
people, and to he providenon of flod.
Htdid not know what ostentalioa i wheii
ho became President ha wa rather sad
dened than dated, and hi aooduot and
manner abowed more than ever hi belief
that all wiaa at born equal. ' Ho wa no
respecter of person; and ntithar rank, nor
reputation, nor ortanverwed him. In
Judging otehme-er h failed in dif lmb
nation, bat he readildeferred to publie
opinio), and in appointing the head of th
armie be followed the tBaaifett prefertnot
of Congress, , ,
" A. good President will aeonro unity, to bis
MulaistratiQP by hi ow tapervUieo of
the various departments. Lincoln, who
accepted advioe rot-lily, wssneved governed
by any memhrr nf hi Cabinet, and onthl
not homered from a purpose d'ilicratel.v
formed: bat hi eoiervision of affairs was
nnstendy nd incomplete, and sometime,
by a sndden interference transcending the
usual forms, he rather conl'iisd than ad
ranoed the publio business. If he ever Ml
ed in thosaronnlous regard due to th rola
tivo riahts of Congress, if wssso evidently
without detiirn thnt no conflict cou'd ensue,
or evil precedent bo established. Truth he
would recoivo from any ono, but, when im
pressed bv other", ho did not uso their
opinions till by rcnVction he had made them
tWotiglily his own.
Tt wis the nature ol L'neoln to forgive. !
When hostilities eessed. he who had al
ways sent forth the flag with every one of
its'stsrs in tha fiold, was eager to receive
bsck his returning oountrymen, and medi
tated "seme n:w announcement to tha
South. " The amendment to the Constitu
tion abolishing slavery had his most earnest
snd unwearied support. During tht rage
of war we ret a glimpse into his soul from
his privately sngeesting to Louisiana that
"in defining tho franchise omo of the col
ored people mlitht be lot in," saying: '"They
wonld probably help, in some trying time
10 come, to korp the Jewel nf liberty in the
family of freedom." In 1857 ha avowed
"not in fnvorof" wiat he improperly call
ed "negro oilinnship , " for the Cnnslitii.
tion discriminates lxitween citizens and elco
tors. Three dnvs before his death he de
clared his preference thst "the elcotive
frsnchise were now conferred on the vry In
telligent of jhe colored men and on thoe of
them who sormd our cause ss soldiers ; " but
ho wished it done by the States themselves,
and he never harbored the thought nf exnet
scting it from a new government aa the on-
dition of its reeocnitmn. ' . '
The last dsr of his life beamed with sfia-
shine, as he sent by the Speaker of this
Hotio his friendly greeting to the men nf
the Rocky Mountains and the Peeifle slope ;
as h contemplated the return of hundreds
of lhounds of oldiers to fruitful indutry ;
ss he welcomed io advance hundreds of
fhonsnnd" of emigrants from Europe ; ss
his evo kindled with enthutnm nt the
coming weslth of the nation. And so, with
these thoughts for his country, hn wss re
moved from the toil and, temptations ef bis
lifo and was at re.
Asthosnm of all, the hand of T'nco!n
raised the Big; the American people, was
the hero of the c,sr; and fhencfore he
sntt Is a new era of Republicsnism. The
rtistoraneeln h eonn'rv grew nor nut of
artvthing.Rpiihliftsn, bnl ont. of8'svery,
whloh i part of h system of hereditary
wrong; snd thexpnTetnnofhiA'omestien
owehr opens tn the ynovsted nation s wrrer
ofotthouht-Af dignity snd glory ' Henoo
forth nr ennntry hs a moral rinTfy ss the
Isnd nf free labor.' The party for Slavery and
the party arainst SIsverT sro no more, and
sre merged io the psrtv of onion an free
dom. The States which would here left n
aro not brought hsrfc einijinr'd ' Sfstee.
for lhn we should hold them oily so long
as that conqnet oonM be maintained; thry
eome to their riuhtfiil phce nnder the (?on
stitntion asorieinnl. necessary and insepara
ble members of the S'ste.
We build monuments to the dead, hut no
monuments of victory. We reapect the
example nf to Rumnn, whe never. evn In
eonenereil linds. ri--ed emblems of tri
nmph. And our Oenersls sre not to be'
elrissed in the herd of rnlgne eonqunrnrs.
nt sre nf 'he school of Timoteon snd
William nfOranee snd Ws-hineton. ' They
havo u'ed the sword nnlv to give peace to
their conntry an i restore her to her place
in lb great sssemhfy of the nstions. '.Inr
meotio dose in hope, now that n neop'e
lieg'n ,tn lire according to the lw. nf reason,
and republieanUu, b .intrenched la a oonii
nent. , - ,- . , . '. ,.k
Kicking Against the Pricks.
. Oo Saturday 1sst s etlrions rshi'iltlon of
"reconstructed " temper was witnessed on
Pennsylvania avenue, near the Metropolitan
IT'tet. A tall and well formed voung man,
dressed in " Confederate grr, " was wslk
Ini along carelessly, evidently a little under
tho influence of a generous flagon nr so.
when his eye fell nnon n es't-imn flgtiro of
nero boy. whinh smiles upon the way
farers upon the Avenno, and holds up in
vitingly a ring in which to ften tho reins
of horses. The renonstrn"fed gentleman
paued in his promenade and wilked around
tho statue, surveying ifor some time with
an air of amused curioitv, which soon
chsnged to a look of inefTsble scorn.
The Southron evidently considered the
ttatuo na typifying a'l the frnuhles snd woes
of the lato so oalled Southern Confederacy,
his lin curled with supercilious hate, snd,
drawing back hi" right font, h kicked the
molten image with a ooneentrstion of spite
fill rsgn that was lanuhah'o tn behold. Ho
kinked as though he would have the kick
felt by tho entire Afriosn race, but he onlv
kicked onoel Thi little "nigeer" elood
unmoved, and h"ld on his ring n grinningjv
as hefi re whiln the " reconstructed " recoil
ed and limped away with a wry face. This
hint to his unoerstandinr nhanverl his as
pect visibly and he wen off madder and a
wUerman.f Washington Paper.
A Cold in the Head.
A Dr. Palion, of St. F v. France, hs dis
covered a Hew method of curing cold in the
hoid, '.Herewith is the prescription ; .
It consist in inhaling through .the note
the emanations of ammonia contained in a
smelling bottle If the sonso nf mn Is
completely oli'iternte I. the bottle should be
kept under the noo until the pungency of
(he volstile alkali is felt. The bottle is then
removed, but only to bo reapplied altor a
minute; th second application, hnwever,
should n'l be long, that the pati mt may
bear it,' This eisy npnration being repeat
ed seven or eight time in the e urse of five
minutes, hut always very fapidly. ex"pt
the first time, the nostrils heonn t frep, the
sense if smell is restored, and the ecniim
of the irritstinr mucus is stopped. This
remedy is said to bo peculiarly: advantage
ous to singers.
As Grneuals Eirlt nivl Bi-ockiii-rhlge
were crossing from Winchester
the nijfht after the bnttlo oftlio 10th
of September, 1804, closely pursued
by the Yankee, tirod, hungry ami dis
pirited, tho party were riding silently
along, when General Early in Ida
Squeaky voice, akel Genernl Breckin
ridge " What lie thought Just then of
otir right in Territories under the
Drod Scott decision?" Will any of
our reader answer the question now ?
.Tub establishment of a coffoo and
reading room at Cincinnati, as a conn
teractlng attraotion to tho ealoon and
bar, has been very successful, nnd a
ttocotid one has now been opened; where
an excellent cup of coffee and ft few
craokov are given for five cents, and a
largo plate of soup nnd aauiall loaf of
bread for th saane money. It is a
powerful temperanoe agent
, , . !- ! w ; " i
A B8IW CRT sod distillery at Greenoaatlo,
Iod, . ba oetui leiiati, ohargnd with delrai.4
u th Uito4 Sniss rmaus laws.
St. GlairsTine, QMo. l?o5. M.
.All eommuniratloiM miendtd tor Intertian In thr
nnK-r. er span htiln6i. routing to Uiv sffice, fhoald b
idri-,.t-4 " neliirant Olininiclo, t. Ciairavitls, Ohio."
Pla sf th tf htart's hsp an fcomt I
By ang.l hands to ilr ilvsn!
Thr atari h III Ihs wslkla dams,
And all thr kn wr born in hurts.
Forsirvr float tnat standard shoot!
Whir, broathss tbs Im but (alls boforo as,
With Frsodoin'o snlt bonsatb oar foot,
And rrt.dom's bannsr stroaming o'or as I
VETO OF THE FREEDMEN'S
The President sent a message Into
Congress on Monilay vetoing the Freed
men'a Bureau Bill a measure which
nearly every, Vnpn niernber of Con
gress voted for, nnd which is deemed
essential to the protection of the unfor
tunate frccdmen, who are now subject
to all the cruelties their late musters
can invent. . "
The bill wns Introduced Into Con
gress" by Senator Tkcmbcll. of Illinois.
Its object was to. enlarge the powers
of tho Frecdmcn'e Bureau. The bill
act apart unoccupied lands in 'the States
of Arkansas, Mississippi and Florida
for the use of tho freodincn, to be di
vided Into small tracts, And also con
firmed the grants' of land on the . Sea
Islands of. South Carolina, mads ' by
Gen. Sherman to the fi eedraen.
' I We believe this is the most acrious
mietako President Joiinsok ftjis made
since he was acciJontally caTleil to hU
present poaltion.( He haa evidently
mistaken the temfipr of the People and
of Congress. ;,Thj Union Party of "to
day is made np jw-Inolpally of the 6ll
RepublicnnTarty! the best party that
had ever existed in tho rnntrj. We
are afraid the President has thought ho
bad the old Whlo; or Democratic party
to denl with. The Union party is a
party of principle. It cannot be lotight
to endorse a wione, for fear the little
post offices or Internal revenue collect
ors will bo lost to it.
, The veto :iaa remnnnea tne poor
freedmen to the tea-Tor merrdos of their
late masters. Daily they are fwlly and
crueily mtirdered fiy thoso who were
but lately n8.exf f lanfterir)g tho
IoraV mt twiitsfvV'Trrt
them in prison-; ' And wo will venture
a sfhout wifl go nrr, from Virginia to
Texas, on the receipt ortli"e veto, that
will cnune liell itself to Mush with
shame and otir martyretl dead to turn
uneasily in their graves.
But right must prevail
of God grind slowly. "
We snv to
every Union man and woman whom
our voice can reach : Stand Firm !
In the name of Truth, Jiistloo nnd IIu
inanity by the memory of our mar
tyred dead, whose bones whiten the
South 1 from the Totomac to tho Ria
Grande, and of the faithful black man,
who waa always ready to endanger bis
own life to succor our poor son and
brothers who were fugitives from Reb
el prisons, and the 21)0,000 black men
who served faithfully in tho Union ar
mies against .red handed Treason
Presidents aro but things of a day.
Truth and Justice are as eternal as the
There Is great excitement In Wnsh
Ington over .the veto. The Senate
tried to pass it over tho President's
veto yesterday, but failed to procure
tho necessary two-thirds. The Vote
stood yeas SO, nays-18.' In the House
M-. Stkvkn, of Fa., from tho Joint
Committee on Reconstruction, reported
a Joint resolution that no representa
tives be admitted into Congress from
either of the lute Rebel 1 Stntea
Congress sMTf" TiaveT 'dncIKreit '
Stnt.es entitled to representation.
Stkvf.ns s.ild there Was an earnest ills
position' until Monday to onqtiiro and
see whether they eonhnot admit T'"
ncssec to representation, , but since
then there bad been ouch a - atnte of
things as to induce the Committee to
consider it wholly out of their power
to proceed further, without surrender
ing a great principle and without sun
rendering the rights of that body to
the '.isnrpation of another power. The
Honso passed the resolution.
MR. BANCROFT'S ORATION.
We give tip a largo part of our paou
this week to an account of the Con.
grosatonal obsequies tb 'the at prosl
dent Lincoln. - . I ' -f ; -
Wo hope none of t)qV readers will
let it great length prevent them from
reading the polished and eloouent ora
tion of Mr. BAucBorr. Mr. BANtRbrr
bad' but a short timo to propMre this
oratton but wtj thioke lias dona' omi;
npritiuU3tt UtljWe, 1I properly
... . . ; i.. .-..
gives Abraham Lincoln a front rnnk
our history, gives tho full meed of
rirnUo to the people who ao promptly
rullieil to tUe attpport of tlioir imperil
led Government 1oth with muskat
and bnllot and ia unmercifully Bevcre
on tthose foreign governments .that
gnvo nil thir aympnthy to the Rebel
cause, and refuge to Rebel cruisers.
As a literary effort, Mr. Bamckoft's
oration is masterly.
President Lincoln's Remains.
On the occasion of the removal , of
President Lincoln's body to its final
resting place in the Oak Ridge Ceme
tery at Springfield, 111., the casket con
taining tho remains was opened by
some of the State authorities, and tbo
face waa viowed through the glass
covering. A correspondent of the
St. Louis Democrat says:
"The featares of the deceased were scarce
ly discernalde, tht embalmment seeming to
have offered bnt little. ,if anv. resistance to
the encroachments of corruption; and the
piece of clay that once lived, and moved,,
and talked, and was known as Abraham
Lincoln, is being fast dissolved 'rafter
trom rafter snd besm from beam' and the
particles af which it was cnrlott--ly com
pounded are rapidly returning to their erii
Tho body was deposited in the new
eepulcher prepared for its reception,
and was securely fastened from all fu
ture visitation by tho erection of solid
masonry, the seal of the National Mon
ument Association having been affixed
u uie uoor. . , ,,,
Mb. Philip Phillips, of Cincinnati,
is one of the finest ballad singers rn
America. Hon. Schutlkr ColPax, at
the recent anniversary of the United
States Christian Commission, related
the followiujr incident :
"Mr Coltsx then stated at the last anni
versary nf the Commission, imjtha last Sab
bvn nf January, lHfit. that strikirrg ode
'Your Mission,' was s-'ng ASrarliam- Ltn
ooln was here and listened to it. the tears
ooursmtf down- his cherts. rMiise)iienMy
he sent im a prnjfr'itntue, which Mr. Cnlf.x
evhihited. nq- whifh nppeirs the following
request in his I'uniliiir hand writing:
" 'Near the clum lt tis have 'Your is
sion repeated by Jlr. Phillip. Don't say
I culled fur it. ,
Letter from Columbus.
COLUMBUS. Feb. 17. 1866.
Editors Chrniolr: To say that the
business of legislating was if all times in
teresting, wou'd be "avion what every per
ami wRo know anything about the matter
would mv w antruo. -
Both II tnses have heeri' vory bosy fop' a
wei-fc p.nt, but. have not made very much
progress. We have mnrh, discussion.
In expectation of a visit from the oholeta,
a law' his Heen pasedauthoriz'ng the au
thorities of eitics and incorporated villages
to levy an additional tax of one mill, Inr the
purpose of patting their " hou-e in order"
and having their "lamp trimmed, " for tro'
know not thB" day tlor" the hur when the
"1y "" I I would ny
to our peoplo in Belmont espeeially on the
Ohio River ' lit ye ahn ready I"
The "Morgan R.id" bill is a frtiitbrl
source of speneh tm.ltin. It ha ben dis
cussed two daysin C"tnmitleeof the hole
Hanato without ooming to any vote so as to
try the strength of it. and was finally re
ferred to the Committee on Fin-moe.
The benevolent institutions nf the Stato,
as I mentioned before, have beeomr a great
interest. . '
The It-port of the T.taf and Tnmh Asy
lum is before me. The following appears
to be i he interest ina? part.
He!rem ha lour pupils at this time.
The Irtistee y:
The appropriations needed for 'i85-fi6 re
Less appropriation Ut quarter.
For urrent expenses.
For now bedding, ic.
Les sppropriation 1st qnarter..
' As the seminary part of the new building
will h completed by the Mof June, I8C6,
and in Older that it m.iy bj ready for nmi by
the comnit-noeraent nf the following term,
an appropriation of 3 000 is necessary to
The law liniitstlmenf pupils to five years,
xoept they may be "too young to be salely
di sc ha rued, or may receive material d-Viimai-e
by a longer reldenea ; provided,
that this additional time shall in no case
exceed the term d two years."
.The porind of (he time thus fixed being
too short io prepare pupils for touchers, the
resiijt haa been t h it other institutions have
furnished us tesoher of this class. As tho
laoiliiitfs of this Iiitiiiition will soon he
greatly onlnrired. and we shall need twice
or thrre time the prent nunihnr of mute
le.cliers, we think lire irme sknuld bo ex
tend. d, and a higher olass formed in whiuh
to educate pupil for this and other pur
po.i-s. . ,
Wh would also aueeest an amendment to
the law so that pupils can be admitted at
the gn of t-n years iutead of twolro.
When this building it completed, trades
and meet atiio art cuo be taught Upon a
ling-' scalo. . i
A printinv and binding establishment can
bn eonnected wiih it. and a suitable number
of pupils iiulrucletl in these art Then
pnblio printing and binding can he done in
thi'M Iiitdtittiim. thereby saying thousand of
dollars annually to the State.
The whole number now in attendance is
Male 9, female 61. Tot l 150.
This is a new institution, got up at tho
suggestion of the late and lamented Gov.
Rroueb. It is situated lout three miles
West of the city, known during the war as
V. S. Tripler Hospital. The object 1 to
reoulv disabled nd sick oldier and take
oare of them, furnishing them with all no
oeaaary oooifort and medioal and surgloal
treattncBt. It will be i)pebl of looommo
dating about S7S.
ffumher and dapqtitlon ' of Inmate. -
Wkol number admitted. ffaat(f lew
Readmittedj'efter discharge M a
Uieoharged.,;;;,i;..,. .. 18
Left the Home
Died front disease ooqir'soted in aivic"M ,&
Rl'mailiing Dso. lt, 1865
Tha whole wi.os)t.Mieod4kii to Vm.
SUt, U $15, m Ws, JNc uUutn, e-
!, harness and wagons, p-iinting, clolh-
ing, and furnUhiinr. 4S.0S9 30.
JC'timating the probnl le average number
for the year nt 3CX, the Suporintendont aidts
for an sppruprititl a, for current expenses,
ol" (0.0(K)) ninety, thousand dollars for
repairing buildings and fouo f'urnbhitig
additional wards and rooms, and Improving
and adorning grounds, ( 10,000) tin thou
sand dollars; and for building new luundry
and foroe ptnup for supplying water, or pur
chnsinir Btnl repairing the old one now in
use, ($10 (1(H)) t'.n thousand dollars ma
king a total ol (f 1 10,0(10) one b nnd red and
ton thousand dollar. This may seem -like
a largo amount, but it must be remembered
that it requires a largo amount of money
to establish a new enterprise of such con
The following resolution was under dia
eusion for two duvs past :
RrmAvtd, Thut W. Reed Golden is en
titled to a seat in this' house - as a Senator
from the ninth Senatorial District ofOliio.
Adoptad yeus 23, nays 11. as follow :
i'EAv Messrs. Berry. Bo t. Carlin. Cole,
Criicbfieid. Dowdney. Godfrey, .Oriwold,
Hayden, iiollisier, llurd, Irion,' Kellogg,
Mnn. aiay. icl'sriMnl, S.-idlcr, Tibbals.
Walling, Wst, Wilson, Williamson and
Nats Messrs. , Batemin, lVradbnry.
Brooks. Brown. Cummins, Dosn, Hall,
Harris. lones, Knnwlcstnd Martin II.
The President then declared Mr. Golden
entitled to bis seat as a Sunttor from the
ninth Senatorial District.
Mr. Davenport has introduced a bill into
tho House to punish pickpockets, at the
suggestion of your Prosecuting Attorney.
A resolution wa introduced to adjourn
The lesolutiofl in relation to the Agricul
tural College has been under discusion.
This resolution provides that the iotcrests
of the Slat r will be best served by the es
toblisbment' of a single college,' centrally
located and easy ,nf access, in which the
leading object shall be the study of agricul
tural science, without excluding other
scientific and classical studies. ' '" ''
Mr. Brnwo, of Trnmbull. thnoeht 'the
smnunt arising from the grant, which is
630 000 acres of land, worth one dollar and
tw 'iity five cents, and which would yield
$788,000. would be too large for one school.
' Mr. Warner, ChairniBhof the Committee
of Agriculture, spidce in favor of one col
lege, the primary object of which will be to
teach the science nf sericulture nnd me
chanic arts, and to keep clear of all other
institutions. If suoh union should take
place as, for instance, to attach it to Mi
ami University the Agricultural College
will be a mere side tluiw Ihe tun I, too,
would not he as large as stated by the rtio ru
ber from Trumbull. -' 1 1
Mr. Walling, of Pirkaway, was in favor
of one college and of keeping the fund- to-
eether. Was opposed to tacking on to
Mr. ChritchnVId was in favmr of one Col
lege, at the nearest accessible point of the
State, so as to have the state f air at
PoiLfOR thk Orapr. U.is a ciiKtl
faot that very riuh and highly ninnurd lnd
bus rarely prod need a grape that would yield
a high quality of wine. The grape that
c-iiitains the moxt saccharine mailer will
nink" tbe best wine." ami the different varie
ties difF.r widely in-tho proportion 'nf saanr.
In Italy anrf in Sicily the very finest and
sweetest1 ururtes irrow On the rooky rubbish
' l- - .1 - j. . I .1 . l! I . ..
oi Tuwannrs, tciin inimi insi irrow on niose
reky soils or alone: hillsides covered wi
rocks are often the best. These f icta ought
to teaeh us not to eleet the riVhest soils
and not to stuff them with oigaaio manure.
tor the gra po. I hxch v nge, ,
Grape vines seldom need any manure, ex
cent ashes or lime, if rhe soil is thorauuhtv
cnltivatod, and all Weed and grass, near the
's ines are kept, subdued-- Dee-ef the most
"ruitfiil causes of mildew s tbe application
of too much stimulating manure to th grow
Ir is said that two resieitations' of : Cabi
net olfieials will soon take place in couse
HUfiies or the aotmn ot tho fresidotit m re
guid to the rreediueii.. nuruau bill.
Blessed is the butd headed man, for bis
wito eaunot pull his hair.
MtiLKS are sellitg in : K"ntucky at prices
ranging iroiu aibo to foo. ...
1 i S wm ' i i ' '
Thk Clermont Courier state that so
fur the prospect for tin extensive peuch
crop in that section U good. Tho buds
not having been injured.
Thr McConnpUsville Horajrt says tho
Woodbury Oil Company have btrtuk
oil twelve miles north of that town, nt
the depth of one hundred foot, nnd thnt
the well is runniosr now at the rate of
two hundred barrels a dav." The oil is
said to be worth thirty dollars per bar
rel." Land In the ncigliliorliootl U held
at fabulous prices, and five huudred
dollars bonus ia asked on leases of two
Thk great Cincinnati bridge about
to be suspended across the Ohio river
will be the longest in the world, being
over 2,000 feet longer than the Sus
pension Bridge over . the Niagara
river, and 540 feet longer than tho
Menai Bridge in England. ' Its total
span will be 1.057 J ards. The massive
stone piers tower 110 feet over the
floor of the bridge, and 200 feet above
their 'foundations. One year is the
timo allowed for building it. '
Tv, --i - . y
Baltimore Cattle Market.
Catti.R Rsoifts at the five Mock scale
dioon our last review of the market foot up
l.OSIihead, against 1,091 head of the pre
viou week. The pfforings embraced 5H7
head from Ohio, and ISO head from Wrat
ern Virginia, by the litltiinore & Ohio R iil
r ad ; I3'J head from Illinois, by the North
ern Central lUilroad ; 13-') head from Maty
land, on foot ; and 60 head from South
wsstern Virginia, by car from Lo'nohhurg.
With ' theexoeption of stock cattle, which
were In aood demand and very sea roe. and
.aoaltwsgs, the receipt nf which were light,
ail grartei ot neev soia siowiy, ana prices
favored buyers fully ioper lb. Sle ring
ed aa follow : Very best off jrjng, $S 50 to
t3 '1$ pet 100 lbs gross; find quality butch
ers' eattle t7 00825j eecmd quality do
600675,ndaolawag 15 00. . Avorage
$7 00 per 100 R gross. Th cattle were
disposed of a follow : "43 bead to Balti
more butehara. 170 head to Washington
butcher. . 25 head to Annapolis butchers,
tod 150 bead held over. ,
Iloos Our market htabeen only ligjitty
aupplied during ths past week, but receipts
have mot ths demand, packer being out of
th market and dealer only buying to meet
their immediate want. Tho prinoiple
transaction have ranged from lUOOto
1 14 00 per 100 lb j netl otne lew lot triog-
ia 114 23. " . .,) "
. HKKB'T-OfTiirtng and demand fair, arid
prjeas aieady ; ala xjuasipjf, jtcoo. Si7jt
Mat paf ft gfp-i
"i'isd. n riPTti BtitKrrf, '
TUITION FEE NEVER CHANGED.
FORTY. DOLLAIXS PATS
The Full Graduating Cour9
qM.ME ri.iMiri:o, in
. IHK Kt.KI'IN'O.
Bl .xiM 8S I'KNMANSIIIP. -
CllMMIKClAI. CtCl'f.ATION. ,
MXTLHir. I l'0 LAW. KriliC-a.
DCTF.OI INO CoCNTKitFKIT MoSBY, s.
Otlir Cohogeikiive M'krr lvveefiilH-lr)niiioii f.s
to 030,' or cliurvr 81 0 tn $1 S cur for Pr urei"'iip.
Ti'-ir iJui. mn( r.mrr, aiu, cmiiMir IroSI Ills
t'40rl'ir. en-l tn OS. , '
ii r r S t)KICiAl. 1'LAN HP RUSINRSS KDU-
CA l'KN Sh (Hu(lit in tlii. city for abniii iwttiuy-fire
eimi, from his swn ftr.ttfm nf Ho6k-KrriMff. which
are .nuctioncd hy the American ln.tituts suU CUsniber
I inminrrce. and nthsr coinftctiiiiuiorHie. or sw
mrk. n.llm mrtH iv-rfccl r.tn is tiw". : uritlt W. H.
UUKF FIRST PKK.MIUM HLVIK83 AND OR-
H A.MKNT AO rl NMANtfU? ImikIu ill m . '
Xttty nnd Brentsva Cl
It will tie found hy urmvr lira ilrv ihnl tlii. I. th only
College of rhe kind inlhe Union conducted by. an expe
rienced Merchant, eud waoss femasn is a trained sa
eoiiniaHi. - -
irz-Mcrchsnt Mesmers- snd Bunkers esn sIwsts
olilHiii thoroughly etlucatetl accounUiiiu on apliosuoa
at our nttive.- . ; '-,.-. r
ir7'rho.e rie.iruitf our eleirnnt new Cireulsr, pp. f 0
coiURtniuir un ntiiliue of oir Co.tre of 8ud- snu Pran
ce, with. Sample nf our remnau. Buine.a aiuiXV"
iiaineiitul Writing, mini melon'- t-wnty-Five Cents, to
r. DVfF BOIT, 1'iltxhnreh. Pa.
trV"We will mail snvpeMon encloniii u. a ttonv
of uithcr ouv.ercaatile oi atesilibvst tiook Keeping,
Cabins, Griffin. & Co.'s
UHlOU BUSINESS INSTITUTE-
. . . J. . ' s
P. C1.KI!S, I
V M. POit 1. I FPHtOM.
D. A. CUHTISt, V
3. 3. Calkins &C.P.Criffln
rrinclpsl. nt tit Commercial Dtpanment, tnstraetors
in thtf XchBiirc of AsvoMtrls: t orunwrcisj Law,
an t.eeurf Ml tlu-inr-M CustoMS,
Cure.poiieiis. Jto..ao. .
C. H. Pond
-, - . ... - ri - ' "-' ",'
Prinripnl nf t!ie Tlri;nipliic D-psrimnl, and InMrac
tr ih Pmeiirnl mis 'rhrort-linnl 'IXsRrHpltiiig,
Msssi; Re(itrsiioii, Kxpons, k.,lio.
LE.&W. A, Drake
Privpt o lh CbtMfWfrhit) taViviraonl. fiiBtryalora '
. 4 j ,fiMri.6tnii CtMnsMtii,)w'lUi't. PratUtcM
aud Ontiiirttiitil I'tfii-rttwiiiij, Card
t. v.-... : -t, ( ',
The ennrnft of lmly comtuit of 8IN0LK AND
lKtnil.r, KNTRV HOOlv-KKKIMNO, in Mock mid
I'ar 'iieMviipHrtth,' ! WiVmln uml Retail rvhtudmiiy,
(JoinniltibTn ?unpouttd Cmnpuny d Joint ltuck Huai-'
iifurv UftDsVihg, Cmiiiiif rt'inl I 'it ner, CumiiMrciiiJ Law,
HUMueM Arnt.miic. I'Mcticai riuaaiiiiip. air)eio.
A imiff Hall Unow fined up lor tlit IVIf graphic De- '
Bi-til itirneriorrtoaHyililiie eleWli.rr in ikw-U'r! his ,
in ttio oor ( atroofrfilor ( Itrhtf- tM)f uud ot
the l!M repuiHtiou. luviug ul ilie favor and pulrou
ajre of th Ifudi'itj1 Tstlftrrtpli Oilic-r lliroBlmuHlm
am AfU-NH f'ir firailusilo cau readuy be tmrurtirl.
Thtf Tuition Pet) i only utmul ONK H AM that
ustially eliuttfeJi ftiiniiar lniiiu(ioiii; whiletlitt clieitp
neM or living. Htu iMUitemiifteduraiiuiiMl atlvnntnrr-or
the place, and cutm ataiWr ai'xeiH'e f teiiiaiiuu
to vicff. are inii0rtMn(:cou4HftiiiM. i , '. I
We do Nor nuARAxrita ivituiiwi io our frluriuatcs,
fur ft id b'Jy"nd th 4i(r-.. mj CiHuwrrcial CoHtf
ti Kel niiiiittioii for. all iw Rfultti. hui we do oi:a
ASTKK full and com I'LatTK maht.tinn io our 4Htlttiit.
HitKMBta, we on- not a -link Mn any h(Mlytenam.
nrnher do we lay eluun U is mi a. tmufr a-
laSJH SKI l'teil-Vs lllISVlsssi. f
' V v TERJISf, f
Tuition tor the Full Courts, including-tttuinstppenl v
; tauiiiirj. " , .....w
Tslsfrmpuiilfr Counw ...... as
ttoiji roiiil.iui-il. 45
TeatU". Course in Friunaiwliip-'. IS
To Hny w -o havs iloiitil. MMMmtn where to go for
a llu'lt.. Kdnr-Hiinn. we uy tf inu .tuiljr one week
vht) ti. nj n;'id w liHyortrVt-Iverf yoi liy- fslss sr-pre-.rarxiotik,
slf for )ourioiikli toe, ml it will s rlund
eil . , r . , . . . , , , .
Pitr' flift particular, aautl for) Chit.logue attu Circular.
. just-iy rj.
" ''' ..- ! ', . ' 1 l r, . I
' ''rli. TO lr fi T4 ir.mrtV
W lWSTrniTri ttwJust- ljria rreiiwt Ac-'
X oouiiuiiii, t now in suivfenfful operation nnd pre-'
teut tupenor itilucmf'iif m tn pulilie iu m
fteuMhy atitl MMlcal locaiiou and frr laUlilfHirrta-
lion tn vice im- uted by large citiea. wrnte me m
lion to vice ir-n tiled by large citiea. whim fhe
iur itltrd fo
Thorough BusHicss Eduedtlob'
arevqnnl to the bet iiiPttiutiona of the kind In tho
country and tn ex,ieuee lu Ihc iiltM from tony to'
forty-live dollars . .
Tkuhi, fir mil riure. ook and luiuou, SIS 00.
UiiAtoU, per week. 00 and St 00 j4l3iQ
. INSCBES .
Horses,' -Mules and' Uattlei
V. .1 ' , "' AGAINST 1083", Bt. ',;
Front Acieen, Disease, r
,n other Cause.-'-
-,,. " 1. v ', t- i, , .'t ,.: ... '..-j-,.- .
' JOSBPH WOOPROPTR, St. ClstrsTille, Okie,' -
fpecial Agsat. - "' "J
Good Csnratser. Wanted. ' ' all
X icrooNS, f ox, iPPq"uM8- minkh, Met.-
XV HA in," ami Fura eauglil iu 4o Wsaai fcft