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Belmont chronicle. (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1855-1973, March 08, 1866, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85026241/1866-03-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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Mlverif Thurudmy Morning)
trJD.L..JoOBMAN..
OU'VICK-Mnnenk Hull llulldlim.
luvr Uoorej K)iMt ol C'odet lloua,
TlTJTtMfti
in.le euliaerlli.r, prr annum, (in aiWanc.) 99
Sir. ainntlie I ,K'
Thru aioniha
Business Cards.
L. DANFORD. " " ' '.'!. ftUfNON
Danf6rd'& Kennon,
ATTORNEYS A.T XA.W,
ST. CI.AIH9VH.I.F, OHIO.
OPriCr nearly oppoahe Court Houm and Flail of
National Hotel. elS-(W
C. W.'CARROLL,
" ' "lA.ttorn.ey at Law, ,
'H --' W Ct.AlRaVIM.K. OHIO.
Ib th4 Court Houm, 8. W. room, up ttairt.
.;' GEO. W. HOCE,
Attorney at Law,
""""ST. Y3LAIRSVIIXE, OHIO. 1
'. Omci oh North aide of Miiin etreet, few doora
Met of Marietta etreet.
lt 'i ' ., m. r. kino, " :;,
Attorney TjaTr,
' BARNES VILLE, OHIO.
tl.L practice In Belmont and adjoining eonn
tiee. . All buelneea promptly attended to.
T. X GLOVER,
ATTOHlfET AT. LAW,
WHEELING, WEST VA.
TriM. practice in rVrtVa.,and
Eaatern Ohio.
v v umat
Ur, W. Va.
eel.. Wh
(jei63-ly
HA
. , .
John s. cochran,
, T s AXTORNKY. ,AT LAW.
i UKOiSMtOt V . CL.AHH AOKN1Y
J I ssv I !Tl fcLAlRSVILI.ft OHIO, , : i .-
18 prepared to collect bark pay, bounty, and all eol
diere' claim, with nit pfl.ilil- di.palch.
Applieaute-will call at Judge Kmnou'a Law Offise.
-tharS-ly. c .... .. -
PETER TALLMAN,
ATTORNET A.T LAW,
I ST. CI.AIRSV1M.K, OHIO.
FF1CE up-alaire lu tae Court HouteJ
KJ fr""r , . . .. , melS-ly
D. D. T. COWEN
ATTOHNEY AT LAW,
ST. CI.AIRSVIM.E, OHIO.
i-1(?fc in 'XoriJI(le.t"Mai etreeUa few doore
Kut of Marietta atrret. fe7
C. L. POORMAN,
Attorney & Counselor at Law,
One. OLAajafiaV-iiiiics. ex
OFFICE Moannie Hull Building, a few doori Ea.t ol
the Court Houae.
Special nttennxn Hmi to ttie colli-ctinn of clnims
atainat the Gnvemmenl for llouniy, Bnck Pay. I'enaione,
I'ay for Horace or oilier nroperty Ion in Hie eervieo, Ac.
R. H. COCHRAN
' Attorney at Law & Notary Public
ST. CLAIR8VII.I.R, OHIO.
, ,Orrxi in the Court Hour. 8. W. room up sfaire.
DR. HENRY WEST
HAS re.nrmetl the practice of Medicine and Surtfcry.
Ke.ideiica Kat end of town. OIHce at Drugr Store
Dr. John Alexander,
' tJiT. CLAIUSVILLK, OHIO.
tKKICK AND RESIDENCE i Uie Seminary prop
arty, Waal end of town. fe
iDr. John H. Thompson,
BT.CIJAIR8VIL.I.K, OHIO,
OPFIOB otipoeita Wul'l Drag Store.
, . . AuglU,M-ly .
DE. J W. FISHER
fl AVINO penuaneatly loeated in ST. CLAIRSVII.I.K
a JL wnald reapeciiuny announce mai i.
prepared to perform all operation, penaiuinf
la M nrofa.inn: - '
' frt- All work warranwd to ive eatiafaeiioa. ..
OP PI CK a few donra Kaatuf the National Hotel, and
ijwatly oppoaiw ilia Curoaicle office. . ( feT
NATIONAL HOTEL,
iroB3iojax, ohio.
THE underaicued haring Uken poaaea.ion of '
National Hotel, Bridireport, (formerly kept by Wm.
Babinaou,! ia prepared the accommodate the traveling
(labile in good eiyieaua. on reeouaLie lenne.
aprt-ly
SAMUEL MARTIN
S. T. RHOVUU.r..-.. C.. M. RHODES.
e!" P. Rhodes & Son,
J WHOLESALE ! GROOERS;
PRODUCE Jt COMMISSION
3kERCHAJS3"TS,
iyu-ta Bridgeport, Ohio.
PIRST-' NATIONAL BANK
OF I3X. O t A.I RSVI 1jX K.
CAPITAL. ..............$100,000.
MH.P '' : Dlaoouuiday.
15 Taeadaya al 10 A. .
1 Mnilay feeeiwed an. Uepoabt. .
1 .OsllamMiie toad and procaeda promptly remitted.
tSzuaanie bougW aud aald. ... . .. ., ....
mi. Aleiauuer, ' ' " Odorgd BfoWtl, ' '
f yj,t.k. 1ViOvW UN. Vwaidanl.
H. . WLDiT. Ciahier. wyU
'gi' K-GLE,
tEROHANT TAILORS,
And Sealers In Bedy-Made Cloth-
UK. tWuli r uruiauiui uwu.,
J.I J!1 llU k.-arrTT.T.-Pl M ! 1
Agenu for Oia SINOER 8KWINO MACHINKSH-
rS Mach'iVNg . . .ft SKnrrSM
MACHINE TWIST, 'I HUEAp,.8l'OOL COTTON
1 KKt l .t eoiiatujiiiy on '
-1 1 1 -r 1 1 ' " 1 '
IilVBRY STABLE
A KNOUNOTHbtK. TaWhi thai faef a turniah
A u.. HUria HMke. Carnage, aud Onuii-
Vea, at all hour., with . '.. V-
I 91 UtB TfaVUVUaU AlVWi. '
1 CIkXfitE3-OSBORNE,'
T ciAWTIIXE)i ouio'
4
Established in 1813.
ST. CL AIRS VILLI:, OHIO, MAIICII 8, 18G0.
New Sorios-Vol. O, ISTo. 0.
St. ClatrsTlHe, QMo, Earcbi S.
Alex. II. Stbpbgns, lato Vice-President
of the Southern Confederacy, ad
dressed the Georgia Legislature, by in
vitation, on the anniversary of Wash
ington's birthday. Mr. Stephens
counseled the people of Georgia to ac
cept the results of the war in good
faith. According to his theory, h en
gaged iu the war for the purpose of up
holding the Constitution of the United
States. But the war went against them,
and their "former social fabric has been
entirely subverted." He says wise and
humane provision must be made ot
the emancipated blacks. That "ample
and full protection should be secured
to them, so that they may stand ejjual
before the lata in the possession and
enjoyment of all rights . of personal
liberty and property."
Upon this platform we are sure the
great body of those who carried the
war to a successful close will cordially
meet Mr. Stephens. "We believe the
enlightened judgment and conscience of
the North demand this. Give the negro
the same rights and protection in the
Southern States that he has in Ohio,
and make the' basis of representation
as proposed by the "Conkling Amend
ment," and the people will be satisfied.
Nothing short of this will satisfy them.
To say that the negro shall not testify
in the Courts, and that denied the
right to vote he shall be counted in
representation, is simply monstrous.
Shrewd Device.
The Washington correspondent of
the Massachusetts Spy says that Col.
Eli Parker, an Indian, and one of the
most trusted aids of Gen. Grant, has
just returned from a lengthened tour
of inspection at the South, undertaken
to ascertain, what further reduction of
the army could be safely made. He,
wearing his uniform, was struck by the
redundant .professions of loyal sub
mission which everywhere greeted him.
These were so requent as at last to
excite his suspicions. He clothed him
self in citizen's garb, and thereafter
passed as a member of the Choctaw
nation, well known to the South ' as a
rich, well-educated, and intensely pro-
slavery tribe of the Southwest This
disguise unloosed the latch strings of
their sscret thoughts, and thereafter
he heard hot one loyal word, except
when, in pursuance of his duty, he was
with our own ofllcers. The most ma
lignant disloyalty, the most vindictive
hatred, the fiercest, though suppress
ed, determination to bide their time, yet
wreak revenge, was everywhere made
visible to the roan whose color "and as
sumed relation made them confident of
sympathy. '
it
be
on
The American, United States and
Western Union telegraph lines are
about to be consolidated. This will
put all the Hues in this country into one
organization. . '
The management of the lines . in
Ohio will be held by the Western
Union Company.
The employees of the United States
line are engaged in getting up a suit
able testimonial for Mr. L. F. Sheldon,
of Cincinnati, Superintendant of the
Ohio Division. ' Mr. Sheldon is a pop
ular man, and it is expected the testi
monial will be a handsome thing.
: ,;The5 consolidation ' will take place
within a month, ; 1 i .
,
in
Th following is, .among a series of
resolves introduced in the lower branch
of he Massachusetts Legislature last
week, and referred to tue ummiweo
oft Federal Relations": ' ,
Retained. That the recent miMio attack
upon oop of the honored and beloved Sen
tor of Massachusetts by the President of
the United Stsies, in t public speech in the
Citj of Washington, is sn iiiult to, the
Commonwoath sn unjut it was undigni
fied and disgraceful, and oalU for the in
dignant rebaks of every patriotic, oitiien of
that State to whose go.ns (rthe country is so
largely indebted for ins salvation of the
iSattPPgliCapvtalf wheqyibese whs heard
and applauded that attack, were tfaitoroutly
plotting to plant the j standard of treason
ueoq iu walls ani to destroy the Cunstitu
Mob and (he Ooverouient. .
'i : mil ! H ....
; SkckitIbt" Swahd1 eaya, ."The
President'! speech. Is triumphant and
the cotintry .ie happy. t .Mr. Seward is
i master of the language but It is sug
gested that the more familiar expres
sion.'1 "Everything' is lovely and the
goose bangs hiW would be an im
pr6vetoent on wis sentence or Uts.;
! SrW w Etk irmr to ttVscrlt)'e for
fa Ciwoifnw
THE PRESIDENT'S POLICY.
Interview with Gov. Cox, of O.
What has done and what he
Proposes.
Washington, Feb. 26. The following
important letter was read to-night by Gov
ernor Cox, of Ohio, to the Representatives
in Congress from that State :
Washington. Monday. Feb. 26. Iflfifl.
General Geo. B. Wright, Vhnirmnn Union
Ventral Committee, Volumbut, V. :
VEAA SIR : Un Saturday last i haa sn
interview with the President. I regarded
it a, of sufficient importance to reduce to
writing my re membra nee ot his statements
whilst fresh in my memory. I waited upon
him this mornin to make known what I
had done, to ask bis -verification of the truth
of my report, and his oonsent to make th
same known to the country. Ha fraukly
gave bis oonsent, and assented to the ao
euracy of my report. The President said
be bad no thoughts be was not willing to
avow ; that bis policy had simply aimed at
me earnest possiuie restoration wl peace on
the basis of loyalty. No Congressional policy
had ever been adopted, and therefore when
he entered upon the duties of his office, he
was obliged to adopt One of his own. He
had in some sense inherited tlat of Mr.
Lincoln, with which he thought he agreed,
and that was substantially the one which he
h'ad carried out. Congress had no lust
ground of complaint for what he had done
so jar. They had not seen fit to deolare
their views, or adopt any measures embody
ing what could be called a policy of restora
tion, lie was satisfied that no long con
tinuance of a military government could be
tolerated ; that the whole oountry would
properly demand the restoration of truly
civil government, and not to give it to the
lately rsbrlimsSt it js would be an admission
the failure of the party which had canied
through the war to prove themselves equal
the exigency. Now that the work of
destruction was over, and the rebuilding had
begun, military government alone would
not pacify the South. At the end of a long
period of such government, we would be no
nearer, and probably not so near the end as
now, and we should have the same work te
do. Henoe there is a real necessity for the
adoption of a policy which should restore
the civil Government just as soon as the re
bullion should be thoroughly ended, and
those conditions accepted by the South,
which were to be regardod as absolutely
necessary to the peace of the country. The
proper system of pacification should be one
which tended everywhere to stimulate the
loyalty of the South, rather than to impose
upon them laws and conditions, by direct
external force. Thus in the case of the
Freednien's Bureau he was not against the
idea of the Bureau in toto. fcr he had used
and was till using it. It might continue
for a period of more than a year, yet he had
contemplated that either by a proclamation
of'his own, or by some action of Congress, the
condition of peace, the technical end of re
bellion, would probably be declared at some
period not very tetuote, and as he under
stood the present law, the Bureau might
continue a year from that time. Meanwhile,
he oould say to the South, it depends upon
vourelves to say whether the Bureau shall
discontinued at an earlier day, for I will
put an end to it just as soon as you make it
unnecessary for the protection of the freed
men. Thus, the hope of getting rid of the
institution stimulates them to do right,
whilst they are not discouraged by the idea
that there is no hope of an end to what they
regard as a sort of military government. If,
the other hand, the bureau were made
permanent by legislation, all the objections
bad urged in his message applied in full
foroe to it, and instead of encouraging the
South to loyalt.y'it would tend to make their
hatred of the Government inveterate. The
same prinoiple of stimulating loyalty was
shown in the maimer he had held martial
law over them. Whenever they should
show that martial law was not needed, it
should be removed. Their own conduct
would thus dotermine the matter, and the
desire, and iutore.it of all the best people be
inureased to obey the laws, beeause, by so
doing, they would hasten the withdrawal
and interference of the military arm in their
affairs. , ,
. In preoisely the same way he had aoted
regard to civil . affairs generally in that
seotioa ; regarding i,t as neoessary to imposs
conditions upon the rebellious States wiueh
would guarantee the safety of tbs oountry,
and regarding tho existing officers ot gov
ernment as having disqualified themselves
their treason tromoontinuanoe in power,
deposed them and established provision
al in
ed
on
a
governments. Then he asked himself
what conditions ought to be demanded of
them, and how their disposition to accept
them in good, faith might be stimulated.
The conditions were, namely,: the amend
ment of State Constitutions excluding slave
ry ; aooeptance of the amendment of the
Constitution of the United States; repudia
tion of the rebel debt, and the admission of
freedmcn to various rights,' &o. T stimu
late them to accept these conditions, being
such as, usiug bis best judgment, and in the
absence of any congressional plan, he thought
nearest right of any be oould frame, he en
gaged that on their acceptance with evi
dence of sood faith he would permit them to
reorganise tbeir state Uovernments, elect
Legislatures, Slo. ', and, so far as Executive
acts could do, would restore them to their
Dosition in the Union ot states, they bad
so far aooepted his conditions, that he re
garded the experiment a euoceas. He had
accordingly reorganized tne rostomoe de
partment among tnem ; bad reopened trade
and removed restrictions thereon through
tbs Treasury Department, and in like man
ner in all the Executive departments recog
nised them as states in. the Union, only
Iroenina- enouith military bold to protect the
freedmcn and to induce them to da some
thing more thorough in that direction.
: Now. but one thing remained in which
those States did not exorcise the full rights
of & ate i, and that was representation in
Congress. In this ha had advised that some
of atimulatina loyalty be annlied
aa in the other respects named. He would
ntlmit onlu inch Rrpretentativei u are in
fact loyal men, gfvuw tifactory evidence
Of (Ate. , nenever oiaio ur . uiairwt seut
s loyal man, properly eleoted and. qualified,
k .onM think it risht to admit him.1 the
same as if from any other State; an4 he
VXfM admit none but tuch loyal men, so that
other States or districts may bo thna induced
to elect and send similar men. When they
had all dene this their representation would
be full, and the work would, be dons., Such
was bis plan..,. He did not ask to be judge
of tbs elections, an quaiinoauous ot ujbiu
Kara f rnnaraaa. or of thair loyalty. Con-
fress was its own judgej and ha bad no dream
on
er
of interfering with its e inttitutiooal right,
but he felt like urging upon thefn aud upon
the oountry, that tbie mode ef finishing the
work, so nearly completed in other respeoU,
was the only feasible one wbioh had been
presented, and that it wasimpossible to ignore
the laot that the States were exercising their
rights, and enjoying tbeir privileges within
the Union ; were, in short, restored in all
other respeots. and that it is too late to ques
tion the fundamental right of representa
tion. I then remarked to him that I heard it
suggested that legislation eould properly be
made by Congress, purely civil in its char
seter, providing for the protection of the
freed men by the United Statee Courts of
inferior jurisdiction, in sll cases wher t be
States did nt do so themselves. He re
tliod that suuh an idea could run exactly
parallel to his plan, but he had not thought
it yet time to fix hie own ideas of the pre
ciso mode-of accomplishing this, end be
cause wS had a marglfl of time lasting till
after the next session of Congress, during
which the present Freedmen's Bureau could
continue in operation. If before that time
tbe Southern states should recognize the
necessity of passing proper laws themselves.
snd providing a proper system of protection
for the freedmen, nothing further on our
part would be necessary. If they did not do
what they ought, there would then be time
enough to elaborate a plan. . . v
He then referred briefly to the fact that
oertain men who have been rejoicing over
his veto message, saying, that if these men,
in good faith, adopted the views of the
policy he had himself held and aoted urmn.
and which he had so fully elaborated in his
annual message, sod explained to me that
the eountry surely oould, not have no cause
for sorrow in that. If disloyal men and
rebels everywhere. North snd South, should
cordially give their adnerenoe te the con
ditions of restoration he had uniformly in
sisted upon, he thought that wis precisely
tne Kind ot paomcation loval men. every
where would rejoiee in. The rooie they
were committed to such a course the better
he should like it, 'for if they were not sin
cere, they would st least diminish their
power of dangerous opposition in the fu
turr. Hit whole heitrl wot with the Lodu of trite
men who carried tine country throvrh the
war. and he earnestly deeired to maintain a
cordial and perfect understanding with them..
This sentiment snd purpose he regarded as
entirely consistent with a determined op
position td the obstruction policy of those
extremes who, as be believed, would keep
the country in chaos till absolute ruin might
come upon us.
Such, my dear sir, is the statement of the
President on this important matter, and if
you could meet his straightforward, honest
look, and hear the hearty tones of his voice,
I did, I am well assured you could be
lieve with me, that although he may not re
ceive personal assaults with the forbearance
Mr. iiinooln used to show, there is no need
fear that Andrew Johnson is not sincere
his adhesion to the principles upon which
be was eieotod. ... Very truly yours,
J. D. COX.
Murder of an Ohio Soldier.
Edward Giles, a member of the 5th Col
ored United States Infantry, the first oolor-
regiment raised in Ohio, servod his conn
try faithfully during the war, was honorably
discharged, settled in Marietta, and was
prospering. A few weeks sso, as we learn
from the Marietta Register, he went to Mis
souri, where he was formerly a slave, to
nrtng nis wife's mother borne with him.
Near New Madrid, while ridinff in a wacron.
Monday, 12th inst;, his former overseer
passed in a buggy snd recognized him. He
asked Giles where he had been, snd was
told, in the United States army. He said :
(Tiles, get out ot the wagon and oome ride
sith roe. " tiiles hesitated, and be asked;
'Ain't you coming?" Giles got out of the
wagon. He had on his United States armv
overcoat. Just as hs reached tho ground
his-old overseer, with a horrid oath, drew a
revolver, and said : " I'll take that stiffen
ing out of them Yankee clothes I " He shot
poor Uiles twioe, one shot in the breast
proving fatal. ' Giles ran a few steps and
fell. - His body remained on tbe ground till
Tuesday morning. Tbe overseer told s col
ored friend who was with Giles: "If ton
say a word abont this, I'll serve you the
same way. " We leave out his oaths. :The
former owner of Giles bad been dead about
year. : : v
The mother for whom Giles went started
with the body for' Marietta. ' At Cains she
informed the authorities of the oowardly
and unprovoked murder, and was assured
that all energy 'should be used to arrest the
villain. , . ; . :
Personal Appearance of Dickens
A London correspondent of the N. Y.
Tribune gives the following description of
Charles Diokeog, who was 54 years of age
the 7th inst. : .
He is on tbe short side of middle hiebt :
his hair and beard almost or quite gray
tbe latter worn atther tbe f renohor Ameri
cas fashion, with shaven cheeks ; tbe form
brought forward and, I should think,
elaborately oiled. His eyes are dark, hand
some and vivacious, the lines below and
about them deeply defined ; the eyebrows
appeared thick and arched to setni-circular-ity,
though this might be from bis mobility
of features in reading. His nnge is of no
particular reoogmzed order, odd and full at
the nostrils, the humorous line running
from them to the corners of the month very
marked and netioeable. His eoniplexion is
not very clear, and reddish about the rather
sunken ohenks. He dresses in good taste,
quietly, with dainty linen.
"
Da. Stdcklrt once waited upon Sir
Issso Newton ajlittlo before dinner-time; but
he bad given ordera nut to bo.oalled down
to anybody till his dinner was upon the table.
At b-ngth a boiled ohioken was brought in,
and Stuokley waited till it was quite cold,
when, being very hungry, he ate it up, and
ordered another te be prepared for Sir Isaac,
who oame down betore the second was ready,
and seeing the dish sod cover of the first,
which bad been left, lifted np the latter,
and turning to the doctor, said. "What
strange folks ws studious people ate 1 I
really forgot I bad dined.",, ,,
At (li a ranant hnrial of a- soldier and a
nnnnn l.ilff in' a tnwn near Parts, the '.fune
ral authorities made the singular mistake pf
oonfounding the two. , ineiadj was inter
red with, military honors, a dragoon regi
ment following her to the grave, while the
soldier s opfnn was covered with white
drapery ani flowers, as the symbol of virgin
nnn aiiiI araa aarrlfld In tha arava by four
ladies, wbole galaxy of fair damsels esoort-
Ill( till l.iuwa.. am
funeral hymns.'
The Veto Message.
[From Harper's Weekly.]
The Senate did wisely in adjourning after
tbe Veto Message was read. Legislation
under such excitement is not likely to be
dignified er sagacious. That tho Message
was a sore disappointment to the truest
friends of the President cannot be denied.
Their regret may he measured by the re
joicing of those who would fain use him for
tbeir own purposes. Whether those friends
sre te be found among those who most
earnestly advocated his election, or those
who most strenuously opposed if, whether
those who were in bloody rebellion at the
South, and those who heartily supported
them at the North are really tbe wisost ad
visers upon the great problem of reorgani
zation, are questions which time will ado
auatelv answer.
Of the President's sincerity thcro is no
doubt That he honestly wishes, as hesavs,
to secure te the Freedmen the full enjoy
ment of their liberty we fully believe. But
he seems to us not entirely master of his
own positions. Thus he acknow'edges the
usefulness of tbe Freedmen's Bureau as
established by tbe act of last March. But
he regards it as a war measure, and war
having ceased, he is ot opinion that the
matter should be left to the States. Yet,
if war has ceased, why does he support
Gen. Terry's military order reversing the
action of the Virginia Legislature? So the
President says that In bis -judgment the
late rebel States "have been fully restored,
and are to be deemed to be estitled to enjoy
their constitutional rights as members of
the Union." Yet if this be so, why in his
late proclamation restoring the privilege of
tne writ or naoeas corpus uia Be except tne
late rebel States? The Constitution defines
the conditions under whiob the right of sus
pending the privilege may bv exercised. It
is only when in esse of rebellion or invasion
the public safety may require it. ' Yet he
expressly exhorts ns in the Message not to
suppose that the United States are in a con
dition of civil war.
The Freedmen's Bureau is exceptional,
but it is so only because the condition of the
eountry is exceptional. ' All the President's
acts in initiating the reorganization of the
late rebel States were exoeptional. But the
question of the hour is very simple in itself.
however difncult it may be to answer. How
can the United States most surely and judi
ciously and temperately secure the fruit of
the victory they have won ? Having given
liberty to millions of slaves, how can the
authority that oonferred it maintain its per
petuity? To suppose that a coerced adop
tion of the Emancipation Amendment, with
out any specifio method of enforcing it, will
produce this result is as idle as to imagine
that a declaratory resolution would effect it.
The Constitution itself contains a guarantee
of free speech for every citizin, but it did
not secure it in half the country. Why
should we expect of an amendment a virtue
which does not inhere in the otiginai instru
ment ? The President says that a system
for tbe support of indigent persons was
never contemplated by the author of the
Constitution. . .Certainly not, and this bill is
no more such a System than an appropria
tion for military hospitals would be. It is a
simple necessity of the situation. Shall
these homeless, landless, forlorn persons be
left te the mercies of those who despise and
hate tbom, or shall the United States say,
"We cut the bonds that bound you to tho
ground, and we will protect you while you
are struggling to get upon your feet ?"
It the President believes that the word
of the nation sacredly pledged to the freed
men will be kept by the black codes of South
Carolina and Mississippi, his faith would
remove mountains. And if he proposes to
abandon the freedmen to civil authorities
created exclusively by those who think that
theoolored race should be eternally enslaved,
who deny the constitutionality of emanci
pation, and who have now a peculiarly en
venomed hostility to the whole class, we Can
only pray God that the result may be what
we have no doubt he honestly wishes it to
be. We believe that he is faithful to what
he conceives to be the best interests of the
whole oountry. And while upon this ques
tion we wholly differ from him, we differ
with no aspersion or suspicion. ..
The Seven Days' Battles.
1 Harper's Magazine tor March contains sn
article of extraordinary interest, an acoeunt
of the forces and operations of the great
battles between MoClellan and Lee, before
Richmond, made up from the official reports
of both sides. Lee's reports snd those et
his subordinate .Generals, of that- period,
have never become publio. It appears, how
ever, that they were printed and bound in a
volume at Richmond ; and from a copy which
has fallen into the bauds of the writer in
Harper, this summary i made up. Tt forms,
pasy add, chapter XIX of "Harper's
Pictorial History of the Rebellion. "
'It appears from a comparison of Lee's with
McClellan's reports, that at the beginning of
the Seven Days the armies were vet j-closely
mstohed. -' McClellan bad 103,224 men. ac
cording te his own aooouot, aud Lee had
100.500, according to his report. It appears
fnrther. from Lee's report, that in every sin
gle battle our men beat tbe enemy, though
almost in every case a greater rebel force
was brought against the part of ours which
was permitted to fight; it is shown that on
the second and third days Richmond was
open to McClellan, the tide of battle having
bo rolled round that the greater part of Lee's
army was so placed as te leave the whole of
McClellan's force between it snd Richmond.
MnflUllan had not more than s third of
hia armv engaged in any single battle, ex
cept that of ' alvern; but our gallant troops
touvbt witn neroic traery inn uenerais in
command on tne mnerem nems appear to
haie seleoted admirable positions, and as the
attack lav upon the enemy, he suffered more
Sev jrely than our troops, ae will be en by
the following nmoial aoonunt ot tne losses of
both sides: Union, killed, 1,582; wounded,
7,709; total, 9,291. Rebel, killed. 3.151:
wounded, 15.255; total, 19, 403. That is to
say, tbe rebel losses were twice as great as
eurs in killed and wounded.
But after every success, MoClellan order
ed a new retreat. He appears to have bcon
totally ignorant of the enemy's rosition, re
sources snd strength ; he had Richmond in
his power oa every day f the seven, and on
the last day, if, instead of reti eating from
Malvern Hill, he had attacked the enemy,
hewould nof'only have gained Riohroond.
but destroyed the rebel army. The rebel
Generat Trimble, in an official report, thus
rlAanritWa the condition of the Confederate
army on the morning after the battle of
. vt-ii . fT'i l . : 1
Malvern Xilli: n ucii mumma, vy
dawn, I went off to ask for orders, when 1
found the whole army in the utmost disor
der. Thousands of etrsggling men were
asVtr, every nasser-by tor tboir regiments ;
ambulances, wagons and artillery obstruct
ed every road, aud altogether,' in a arenon
int rain, presented a scene of the most wo
f ul snd heart-rending confusion. " The wri
ter in Harper's .Magazine adds: "The very
show of sn sttsck upon such an army, by the
nnbrokeo Union foroe, tnu-t havedcleated it.
But there was in the mind of its commander
no thought ef an attack. When in the
morning, the Confederates looked nn ih
hill which they had so vainly attempted to
scale, thoy saw not s trace of the grim bat
tenrn and serried lines wbieh had confront
ed them the night before. In the storm and
darkness the Union army had fled from a
victory as though it had been a rout. "
The close comparison of the two official
reports proves that tho rank and file of (he
gallant army of the Potomac fought with
magnificent bravery and steadiness; they
did share well; and nothing but the exe
erable generalship oftbeir leader was able
to snatch a great victory from their grasp.
"
STATE NEWS.
the man who was stabbed at
ieerneiu iat week, died on i riday night.
He was stabbed by Dr. J ittleton, who was
accused of an improper intimacy with Lee's
wife.
The Athens Messenger says one of tbe
companies boring for oil, some three or four
miles up the river, from that place, have
struck a very heavy vein of salt water, and
are going to eroet.works at the well sud go
into the manufacture of salt.
tir 1" Mackshurg. correspondent of the
Washington County News says the Mc
farland Company a few days since sold their
territory near the village of Macksburg,
consisting of some two or three acres, two
engines, snd three wells, bored to thcdpih
of two and three hundred feet respectively,
for the enormous sum of 40 .000. The
purchasing company is from the "Sucker
state," Illinois.
Tub Washington County News rscc'rds
the following death from a etrange cause :
On the 19th inst., a small child, five years
pf age, belonging to Reuben Kyles. swal
lowed a grain of coffee, which lodged in the
windpipe. For ten hours the little fellew
manifested signs of the most intense suf
fering. At five o'clock the next morning
he was relieved by death.
The Morgan Herald says the Federal and
Duck Creek Oil Company have made an
other fine strike on the Thariow Farm, one
mile List of Caldwell, in Noble County, at
tho depth of 241 feet. They will pump it
as soon aa the river opens to enable them to
get a pump and tubing Tbe quality of the
oil is heavy lubricating and at times boils
out over the conductor with such immense
mementum as to carry up stones the size of
a hen's egg.
Col. Gordon Lofland, of Cambridge,
has been appointed Commissioner for Ohio
in the Board of Managers of the Soldiers'
National Monuineut at Guttysburgh. Penn
sylvania. Tub Dij ton copperheads suddenly "smelt
amice," and did. not hold the glorification
meeting Saturday night announced by Mr.
Va'landigbaru.
We note by the Sandusky R-gistcr that
210 fijgs were presented Ohio soldiers
previous to going to the front and all hut
f'our.whieh were lost in battle.will be return
ed. A good record.
'Sherman's March to the Sea." wrir.
ten by a Mr. McFsll. of Cootsvillc, Mahon
ing County, O.
The Sandusky RcgUtersars Mr. T.-trenm
Miller raised eight tuns of prune on nn.
of ground, and got a bait for it.
Licking County is moving earnes'l! and
strongly to secure the location of the Aim-
cultural College within her limits.
The Guernsey Times says the report that
there are several cases of tho small pox in
town is incorrect. There is at present enly
one case, and that in a very mild form.
One ef the large fliuring nfills in Akron
was burned down on the night of Feb. 24th.
Several thousand bushels of'enrn wpm rle.
etroyed. The loss is heavy. The mill and
its contents are supposed to have been par
tially insured.
TUB house of B. Kimball, or U'nnUrn-!-'
Champaign County, Ohio, was entered lat
Friday night by burglars, who secured as
booty over $13,000 in Government bonds.
James B. Shbllkb. a tescher at St.
Stephens' School in Hamilton, Butler Coun
tyrOhio, was arrested on Saturday last tor
committing a foul outrage, upon a giil ten
years of ago, and upon orhcr girls from
eight to twelve years eld.' On being taken
into the presence of the trir s bv their f.-irh.
ers, he acknowledged his guilt, and was no
tiucq to leave toe place' lie was however
arrested, and on Saturday evening the ex
citement was so great that threats were
made to take the wretch out of jail fcud
hang him on a tree.
Toe Cadiz Sentinel (intense Copperhead)
says the President's recent specoh is "the
greatest speech of the C3ntury." The
good Lord help tho century 1 ,
Revival Reverends J. P. Caldwell,
and Samuel Mehafl'ey are holding a protract
ed meeting in the ProsSyteriau Church at
Barncaville, with gratifying sujc s. Over
thirty persons have been received into the
church, and still the good work goes on.
Our State., Debt. Ohio is iho only
State that OOUies out of the war with tans
debt than it went in with, the priuciple ef
taxation having neen adopted even in the
darkest hours. The State debt is now $12,
500,175, against $14,250,223 in 1S00.
We learn from tbe O. S. Journal, that the
11th O. V. O. now stationed at foi t Lara
mie, will be mustered out and ratted home
ward as soon as it is safe lor the men to
crass the ptaius. i .
The Cadis Republican says fliers were
only eight marriage licenses issued in that
County during the month of February.
TflE Cadit papers are urging the people
ot that town to take steps to have tbe pro
posed Southwestern R. R. pass through
Cadiz. '
The Atlantic and Great Western Rail
road Company have purchased tho Rich
inoad and Chicago Road, and intend laying
a double traok from Dayton, Ohio, to Rich
mond, tod. ' ' - (
So FAB as we have seen, but two Union
papers in Ohio endorse the President' veto
tbe Cincinnati Commercial snd Zanesville
Courier. The Ohio1 Union press is equally
unanimous in. deprecating a ' formidable
breach between Uopgreai and the President.
A litilk son of the editor of the Cadis
Republican wm burned very badly a few
days aro, by its clothes accidentally taking
fire. Hoses are entertained of its recovery.
TI:BUIS OF ADTtRTltlKH.
On. sr,uar, (tn Im.a or I.e..) ,,n. nr thrre Inert-
Hum. ft w
Kara .ul.w-qamt lin. nio,,.., ; , fa
On. U.re ihrr. montha .4 ay
Btarsiai Cioe, 0f four to erven tinrl. I yeaf I OS
Msarn.ata' anv.me'. not Fforediw fna fcmata.nl
a Mmu .1 any unw. vti p,, A h.M .iun,B,
-"
f rms am raTi.ntf. mutt in ..ry ea-.b eM
in ..!., ,., Ku.ram.ul I,, te.poii.il.1. kaown
Srrn.t. N.mrw d fa-rnt.. rmxm Anvaanaa
vsvia onre anil a hall llie raMaut nuiuf aslaamaa-
m nta.
STATE NEWS. GENERAL NEWS SUMMARY.
It is slated that the Houso-Militar Com.
mittc ) vHII grion renort a nnar arma hill, aa
a substitute for the one now popding, which
uues not increase tbe present army., bat
recDiganuti it.
The d'wco very of a wonderful cave near
ot. Joseph. Mo., is reported ia s St. Louis
paper, and a pifantio skeleton is said to
have been found iu it. ,
Hknrt A. Wise is siid to be deeply oon
ccrnc 1 for the fate of tbe constitution and
the republic.
The Louisville. Journal t.yi that "a met
ing composed almost entirely of Democrats
and Conservatives" was held in Covington
lnt wctk to endorse the action of the Presi
dent. . ,
The Kentucky politicians preposa the
formation st once, ol a National party,' ef
winch the President shall be tbe head.'
They don't suy how they propose to put the
head on after they get the party formed. .
TtlE friends of Oen. Grant, as he was
sbout leaving New York, Presented him
with a pnrse rf one lmndrej thousand dot.
lars. Whilo in New York, by the acciden
tal discharge of a pistol, which he was ex
amining, he received a very severe wound in
the hand.
News from Montana statthat fresh
troubles are occurring in that Territory with
the Indian'. Gov. Meajher has called for
a force pf fire hundred cavalry to march
under his lead against the hostile tribes.
As extensive secret association is ssid to
be forming in the Southern Ststes, voder
the title of ''Bonnie B!uo Flag," or "Bonuie
Blue Banner Boys."
The Rome (Ga.; CDurier states thrt the
wheat crops in that section never looked
more promising at this season of the year,
aad that more land was sowed in wheat last
fall than ma A.
The National Intelligencer states that
the fir.-t flag ever made in this country from
domestic materials, wag to bo hoisted over
tbe Capitol on Wednesday, Laving beea
made in Lowell.
The oldest man in the country is now
Jose Punno. a nitive of Lower Canada who
is living at Kinsas City, Mo. He is 120
years old, and hasn't grown old apparently
in the last 50 years.
envoy from Max!mil;ah in nowT in
Washington, seeking recogiitiorj for the
Imperial Guternujent.
Tiik Democrats of San Francisco, at a
very large tntinc on Tuesday, indoraed.the
1'resMcnt s action. The Nevada Senate in
dorsed Conpit-t-6.
It i probable that the Reconstruction
( omiuittce ttiil to-io report a bill providing
for recognition of Teonesee, and of course
the admission of her Congressional delega
tion. The wheat cron in upprr Georgia bas
been seriously u jured by the recent cold
weather.
It appear, from our Washington dis
patches that, tbe New York Times publibhed
a spurious report of the Freedman's Bureau
bill, in order to make it appear objectionable
in some of its features, snd thus strengthen
the Piesident's vcte. This spurious docu
ment has been extensively copied by other
papers. It is not remarkable, in view of
the course of the Times, and the fner fht
Thurlow Weed controls its columns, thst
the publication of the bill as it passed Con-
gresj was refused.
Senator Nve has received ihe f.illnin
di-pateh from Ourson City, Nevada:
rftiinj fit in. The Union iartv. Union
press, anl the Union Legislature iudor.0
your action upon the veto resolution in the
Senate. An indorsement of the-President
received oa'y one vote iu the affirm litive.'
The Indisnapolis Herald says that Jacob
Bartb, of Taylorsville, Bartholomew County,
Ind., blew his brains out on'Monday morn
ing. He was married on New Year's day.
A few niithts after the wedding a vnunir
gentleman called and took Mrs. Tt tn
church. Without Constlllinr the htithanJ
The wjman regained out until three o'clock
in the morning, when she came home. To
Mr. B.'s inrtuirv as to wbera the. hail keen
she curtly replied that it was none of his
business.- a separation ensued, ever sine
which Bsrth has been tbe prey ef a settled
melancholy, which c:lmiuated ia the trag
edy of'Mouday.
Aauos Dut'ek, the faithful body servant
Of lienryUay, who accompanied bis master
to Lurope during his diplomatic residence
in that country, and who was continual!? in
attendance on him at Washington, died at.
Ashland, J?ntuckf. on tbe 6lh inst.. aired
seventy-eight years.
TUE New York Ilenld bas bronchi: nnt
Gen. Grout foi the Presidency. We be
ne" a siuiiwr uiisiortune once befell ueo.
Scott.
The Memphis Commercial of Fab. 20.
says that the ieb-j Gen. Forrest was arrssted
on Saturday, on s warrant issued by thq
United States District Court, on an indict
ment tor treason. Ileeutered a rscogoi-'
zanue for his appearance at the March term.
The Macon (Georgia) Telegraph says:
''We agree with (lie writer in the Constitu
tional Union. Tbe ballot-box is too slew
Erogress as a remedy for existing grievances,
et the President put down the rebellion in
Congress, and appeal to the ballot-box to
sustain that." Modest. ,
v t . - ."I
An attempt was recently made bv ihraa
ruffians to assassinate Fred. Douglass in
Baltimore. Bricks were hurled and nistnla
drawn, snd Fred, only escaped through the
interposition 01 iriunus. . , v
As as indication, of "growing Invultv"
in Kentucky, the LoUisvillo Courier recom
mend John C. Breckenridge, to a seat in4
the Uaited States Seuate.
THB Pittsburgh Annual Conference tM.
E. Church) meets st Waihingiou, Pa., 10-
aay pveuneaaay.)
Tbe Iqdianopolis, Indiana. Herald says,
"The wiotpr is, so far, favorable to the
eountry. We do not think the wheat ia in
jured much. Stock ia doing finely much,
better than last winter. "
Viroinia City papers contain a report
that .200 men. nn their way to tbe cinns in
Montana, perished in s snow norm. - Com
munication wifh that Territory is put off,
and it is feared that great buffering lias been
experienoed there.
Artitmps Ward is said Jo have given
tbe proceed ef one of bis lectures1 ($265)
to Mrs, Jefferson Davis.' , ;

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