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1 --HTBLlt ,
ltry Tlturdy Hrntngi
O.L. POORMAN. 7.
OiP-TlblCfclimonU Hall MuUdlna.
mir etwere Bit ot CJonrt Houw,
i t ,': - :
H'-i'.b ,', TKHMH I
Intt' wbrtW, mmm, (in advance) J
if memlie- to
"Dantbrd & Kennoh, v
.ATXORNEYa A ImA-W, '
ST. CLAIR9VII.I.E, OHIO.
, orrlCR nearly oppo.il Oogrt Houo. and F.MI of
Natinnal Howl. 15 la
C. W. CARROLL,
..A-ttorney at Law,
... . ST CLAIRSVILLR, OHIO,
tyrrrca In the Court Home. 8. W. room, up stairs.
" CEO. W. HOCE,
Attorney at Law,
" ' BT CLAIH9V1I.LE, OHIO,
mm on North (id of Mailt atreet, a hw doort
tail ot Marietta, atreet. '..,,..
I 7' M.D.KINO,
';Attomr ot Lw,
. BARNK.-VILLIs OHIO..
tl.L, practice in Belmont end adjoining eouu
tiee. All bueineas promptly attended to.
. J J. GLOVER
ATTORNEY. AT, P-iW,
,t - V WHEELING, WKOT VA.
VaTILti practice in VeM Va.,ahnV Extern Ohio.
W Ofliee, iN. K. Cor. Monroe A 4th atreet.. Wheel
ing, W. V.. , 0"-y ,
, n ' r- . ... i , -
JOHN S. COCHRAN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
lUBXIKD V. . CLAIM AGKNT,
ST. CLA1RSVII.I.K, OHIO.
18 prepared to collect luck py. bounty. nd ill aol
dirre' claim, with llpoMihle fli.palch.
Applicable will cell el Judge Krmiono Law Office.
mCE up-ttairt in Ike Court Houie;
D. D. T. COWEN
ATTOllNKY AT t.A.W,
ST. UI.AIRSVIt.l.K, OHIO.
OF PICK on North ide of Main elreeta few dneri
Ka.l of Marietta tr-el. . . : . , f ''
C. L. POORMAN, !
Attorney & Counselor at Law,
OFJSICK Maeonie Hull Untitling, a few doore K.at ol
Special attention inven to' the collection f vlnlme
arainn the (Jnrerninent for Itouuty. Hn-k Puy. Penwoiia,
ray for Horeee or outer nropcny w in me
R. H. COCHRAN.
t f ?T. CI.AlRSVll.l.K, OHIO.
"VOiyica hi the Cimn MimIM, 8. W. room up etaira.
DR, HENRY WEST
. RvM.deiic Kftud of town. Ortic lit Drug 8tnre
Dr. John Alexander,
,. TP, OUA.lTlHVIt.Tj10, OHIO,
ti "KflCE AND RIWIDK.NCK in the Seminary prop.
' ety. Wentemt ol lown. . ,. '
:' ; DrV' John H. Thompson,
Wlltt nnnnaktat IVul'i Dm At OF.
' f i .....ati-AS-iw .
:ORi J. W. FI8HEE
HAVING nnrinaifntly loented In 8T CI.AIK8VII.I.FS
r'aau) reepectfnlljr aniioiince that lie le JK2f
t.n.r.i) to perforin all operation, pertaining ftr7S
5 W. prefet'.i'W. , ., . L"J-
, ittTAII work wetrauted tn gio entufarilnii.
. V .tirPIQK few dO"' " Nttonl Ho'-'""
early appoaile Hi. Chronicle office.
r ... BaiuoKPaur,, omo. ,
?mHK iiiidernlgiied linvlng taken po.eion of the
I'll jfatioitnJ Hotel, Brtnp.rt. (formerly kept hy Wm.
iP.biuon. i. prepared r aec.oinmoi'ale the IrnTetiiig
,..bh in good .., !...) ou '1J"MABTIN
,'"r.'HOpES...........i.i.....O,'. M. RH0DK8.
' e'1. ,P Bbbaes . & Son ;
(Sueeeeeore to Rhode it W.rfield.) '
WHOLESALE GROOEKS, ,
PRODUCE 4k. COMMISSION
i JrW rlT.'CliAIHM V itiu "
BANK opM fcpia .. tutuHT- M
raTi" " , '
. . .. A IkinMI,
Colleoiion. made and proceede promptly remitted.
Kxckauge bought ana eoia.
i , i Bltcm- . ,
"riI V Alewadi ', ' . . Oeorge Brown, ' " ' ' ,
' rr"j li,ou. ' Joeeph Wondinanaoo. .
"ii-jIH.; W. Caakiot.
Hats, Caps, tto. Sio. '
Akenar WNGKB SHWIMO M AC H INKS-
NBKBUJ eouetamly on kaud.
Oilo.O. ia. Oi KBISWAWC,' ft,'
4 HNOUNCK loth Puhllo that they J furnish
A ,. -.il u..... u.ekL Carriaaea aud Ouuu-
ijuuA HMfiti. Maek
kuea, at all hourj. with or wkhoul driver.
auHpvm a ,o. -
l-trry. r"1 . 1 " 1 .' :
. JAMES . OSBORNE,
' Grocer &p ProdU(?c Dealer,
iT, CLAWiTILLB,' OIIIO.
" i''iJeV- rtMiv:iD 10
EstabliHhed in 1813.
ST. OH, AITlSVllL,LT5,OtIIO, MAtiCIO: 15, I860.
New Serie--Vol. (3, No. 7.
St. CEaifSTiHo.OMo, Mar cU 15.
How the Administration Meeting
in New York was Engineered.
Those who know Thurlow WceJ will
not bo surprised by the following
statement, which we copy from the
Chicago Republican. Gov. Oglcsby j
has not been In the market; does not
belong to that class of politicians who
ro bought and sold ; neither is the
Lincoln Monument Association a mar
ketable institution. Hence the failure
of Weed's proposition. We may re
mark here that Gov. Oglesby, since his
return to Illinois, has made an able and I
elaborate speech, in which he handled
the President's veto message vnd his
22dof February speech without gloves,
and sustained fully and boldly the ac
tion of Cd tigress. - I
The monseors of the National Lincoln
Monument Aociation na been induntn-1
ous in beir etlortn to rxpeuue ine wnrn
which they have undertakpn J and in answer
to repeated appeals, M r.' Thurlow Weed, an
reprecenTins rn great inion interrm 01 mo
State of New York, advised th AnHooifltion
that if they would end oommittae to New
York ahout the middle or the close of Feb
ruary, the tiubbcription already nmde would
be incresHpd to ih ronnJ kuiu of $HK),fMKl.
Accordingly, at meeting of the Annota
tion, s committee eonemttng ol uov. uies-
hv. and the Hon. O. M. Hatch,-late heore-
tary of State, was appointed to receive this
liberal subscription, 1 and they visited New
York tor that purpose, la the meantime,
the meeting to indorse the President's policy
had been called for February 22. aud as
soon as the prtsence of the Commutes in
the city and the purpose of their vivit were
madt known to Mr. Wctd, the name ol the
Hon. It. J. Oii eahv. Uovernor Ot illi-
nois. " was added to the lit of.those who it
waa a'sum'od would address that meeting.
Governor Oglesbv remonstrated, and stated
that, he was vu New lork to receive the
promised sub.wiption to the Lincoln titonu-
. . n ,i ". .. I I - -J
Oient ; out nnaiiy it was piRinty iniitnaien
that if he as Governor of Illinois, would ad
dress the meeting and indorse the policy of
the President, he could have, the $100,000
for the monument. The Governor declined
the invitation, and the committee returned
without having received a dollar.
We think tb't. those Tacts wore known
to the people of New York, they would take
ihe. qnestion of erecting a monumont to Mr.
iinoaln out of the bands of Mr. Weed, who
evidently nont'ht to ntirflhass pohlio respect
for a living President by a donation of
money to build a monument for his murder
ed predecessor. ,
After the Railroads.
' In the Ohio Senate, Mr. Walling has
offered the following important resolu
tion. In our judgment, the Legislature
ought to inquire iuto aud remedy the
evils our people are now subjected to
by railroad companies. The following
is Mr. Waiting's resolution :
RemilotsJ. That the Su-iding Committee
on Railroads be instructed to inquire and
report to th Senate what legislation, if any,
is necessary to secure better- protection of
tbe lives an i rights of persons who travel
and do business on the railroads ef the
State, and particularly iu reference to the
fjllowmg points : . . ....
1. Whether or not there is any discrimi
nation in rate, ot trmuht or uso oi tuo roans
between shippers interested in said rouds in
any capacity, and others not -so interested.
2. Whether nlBwr. agent, or others
connected with ruiiroad ooiiipanies.' are by
reason of their being parties, or otherwise
interested in express coiupanie.s, or express
linea, procuring for their respective roads a
Viiuher rata for transportation of freight,
than the schedules of freight over tho same
lines ; and whether a preferenoe ot oars ana
the use of their roads, are given to siivh ex
preas companies and exoreas nnea.
. 3. Whether any railroad is charging
hiir'her rata of fire or freight, than that pre-
scribed by Uw or its charter. . "
4. What legislation is necessary o com
pel railroad companies of this State, where
(wo or more roads terminate at the tame
plaee. to make direct oonnection with eaoh
other, or where said roads cannot make suoh
oouneotion, they be required to run accom
modation trains to suon instance as may no
commodate citizens of this State in prefer
ence to railroad ot other States. .
Said oommittee to nave power w eni ior
persons and papers, and report by; lull
Thb'narazraph of particular instruc
tions was added at the suggestion ,
Mr. West,' of Belmont lr. Savage,
of Guernsey, voted against the adop
tion of the resolution' ' '
CtKMBRT L. Vallandiohim made
lengthy speech at Dayton, a few days
ago,' in support of "the President's
Dolicv," a report of which we find
the Davtou Empire. Mr. Vallandig-
hftm. ln the course of hia speech, sta
ted the significant fact that Ue did
sefe op Uniott row la the assembly.
They were all . Vallandigham Copper-
- How. Wm. Dbmhisok, P. M. General,
has written a letter to a New Hamp
shire Congressman, in which he states
that he stands by the great Union
Republican Party, and that sooner
swerve" from it. he would resign
return to Ohio.
Oir our fourth page will be found
valuable essay on the Cholera.
paper should be preserved by every
body; '- '.-'
[From the Wheeling Intelligencer.]
A Brief Sketch of His Life and
This remarkable man so well known to
ths religiou world for the last half century
died at his residence near the village of
Bethany, Brooke County, sixteen miles from
this city, on Sunday night last at fifteen
minuUts to twelvo o'clock, in the seventy
sightb year of his age. . ,
For months past he had bnen in Uiling
health, but his end ws accelerated by a re
cent severe celd. against the fatal effects to
..... . 1 . - 1 J
which his Kng over taxea energies suuggieu
in vain. He began to sink very noticeably
more than a week ago, but up to tho very
last his wonderlul vitality resisted tbe ap
proach of death, and in the language of one
who watched with him, the ttrnegle, was gi
gantic to tbe closo. Few men ever possess
ed greater strength of constitution. ( die had
never known.'nntil recently! what it was to
sulfur bodily ailment. For more than forty
years, at one! time in his life, he had not
been confined to his bed by illness for a
single day. And yet no man ever taxed his
strength more constantly or more severely.
From his earliest 'manhood, and for more
thau sixty years of bis life, early and late,
Mr. Campbell was an incessant worker. His
endnranoe was wonderful. Very little rest
sufficed for him, so perfect and harmonious
was the ergsnitation of his physical and
The results of his life-long labors are fa
miliar to the readiog religious world. His
leading works are on the shelves ef every
book store, snd inline librsry of almost every
olergvmen. Thnse most generally known to
the public are hia debates, especially those,
with Archbishop Purcell on Roman Cathol
icism ; with Robert Owen, the celebrated
Skeptic and Socialist : and with Dr. N, L.
Rice, well known Presbyterian clergy
man.. Of his, miscellaneous "werka, those,
most widely circulated are the "Christian
System V his work on Baptism, and his
translation of tho New Testement. But it
was not as the author of any special . book,
eras a participant in any of bis great do
bates, that Mr. Cumpbcll was chiefly and
most prominently known to the world. Hs
was the recognised head of a new religioue
sect, as it was generally esteemed, called
familiarly the Campbellite baptist denomin
ationhut called by himself, and the mem-i
bership of the church, the Disciples.! This
denomination took its origin from the teach
ings of himself and his father more than
hair a century ago, and now numbers, it is
said, well nigh halt a million ot aanerants,
who are especially numerous in the States
of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Ken
tucky and Tennessee. Their peculiarities
as a people are that they discard all human
creeds snd coufessioos of faith, and take the
Bible alone as a perfect and all sulfioieut
rule of faith and practice, . esteeming all
commandments and traditions of men as
necesarilv fallible, suuerogatorv. and in
derogation of the all-sufficiency as well as
the express injunctions of the Word of God
An other peetiliitrit? ia that thny partake off
the sacrament ot the Lord s hupper every
Sunday or First Day of the Week. They be
lieve also thnt Christian Baptism can only
be performed by immeruiou and that there
is no warratit cither in the example of Christ
himself, er in the teachings and practice of
his Apostles, for any other baptism. . In
fant, hnptism they reject because the com
mand is to "repent and be bsptized," and
baptism therefore, they hold, can only fol
low repentance. "
The foregoing is s very brief outline of the
views first taught and expounded by Alex
ander Campbell and his father, as religious
reformers, half a century ago, and since adopt
ed as we have seen, by a large mass of
penple in this country and in Lurnpe. the
arguments and details of these views are to be
found in a work called the' " Christian Sys
tem "the fundamental work, so to speak,
of ths Dii-ciples as a denomination. The
same views, especially as regards baptism,
are only amplified and discussed in another
work known as the " Christian Baptist, "
first published in serial form,, and sinoe re
vised and collated as a sort ef text book by
Alexander Campbell was born in the
County of Antrim, Ireland, in the year 178V,
snd was educated as was his father before
him, at tho University of Glasgow. Sootland
both ef them as Presbyterian clergymen.
Thomas Cam shell, the Poet, was a rela
tive and classmate of bis father. Uu the
one side his anoestry was of Scotch origin,
snd en the other flugenbt French, lie im
migrated to this country in the year 1809.
two years after his faher, bringing with
him his mother snd youngest brothers and
si-ters, and settled at first in 'Washington
County, .Pennsylvania, near the spot in this
State to which he soon afterward removed.
and on which he has lived continuously, tor
more than half's century. The spot, now
the village of Bethany, was then a wild and
secluded locality amid the hills, shut nut
almost from the world by the abrupt cliffs
that overhang it, and the sharp windings of
Buffalo Creek, whioh, at that day, being un
bridgd were often not fordable. It was in
this romantio and remote spot in the new
world to whioh he had come, amid peaceful
agricultural pursuits, and in the prosecu
tion of those studies befitting his calling as
a minister of the Gospel, that 'Alexander
Campbell's long snd eventful public oareer
began, with a suspioion on his part, we may
add, that he was to become one of those
great pioneers in the world of reform that
have appeared at. rare intervals iq the his
torj of mankind, and have bad power tiy
" the sole lever of thought " to upheave the
weights of anoient traditions, long accepted
formula; and copsecruted theories, from the
mind of society. He began' as Martin Lu
ther and John Wetlty began. not ssawiiuld-
he revolutionist, bat as a reformer pi his own
IWUIUWI-tW II.UI-UIIUIU V 1 1 1,1,11 1 IIU MUk
ed forward to no new denomination, ' but
simply to the correction of vital errors and
Innovations that had been fastened upon the
primitive gospel as preached in the pulpits
of that day. Martin Luther proclaimed
"justification by faith," and the rcho and
effects of that then startling proclamation
went far beyond hia own conception and con
trol. And thus Alexander Campbell,
like manner, startled thnse with whom
was in communion, by the declaration that
" Chrutim Union can result from nothing
thortof the dentruction of creedt and eonen
liom of faith,itntmuch as hnma oreeth and
human conf anion have destroyed Christ
ian Union, lost, wnenever. me setting
atids of creeds and confessions shall have
been- eUtemoted. Christian mill give to
world and to angels, and to themselves, proof
.1.1 J- A.f,'.n. ih truvrrl nf CSsut '
This was Mr. Campbell's first great dis
tinctive enunoiation or dogma. '
. Ha held alio the following to b self evi
dent trpAba-Tii ; " that nothing ought
he received into the faith er worship of the
church, or he made a term of oommunien
among Christians, that is not as old as tbe
New Testement. Nor eught anything to be
admitted as of Divine obligation in the
church constitution or management,, save
what is enjoined by the atathntity of- our
Lord Jesus Christ and his Apostles upon the
New Testament church, either in express
terms or.by approved precedent. "
Oa the fyrcgoing declarations Mr. Camp
bell took his stand, and the consequence
was that after having been arraigned as the
"setter forth of strange doctrines," snd the
would be founder of a new seot, which ac
cusations he repelled by saying that "there
ii nothing new in Christianity, he separa
ted from the Presbyterian- communion, and
began to appear in public in defense of hia
views and in vindication of his entire ortho
doxy. We have not space in a brief me
moir like tbis to follow Mr. Campbell a
oareer s a religious cnntrovcrsalist, both in
print and in ilie pulpit. Neither would it
be proper for us to attempt anything beyond
suoh an outline ss befits . a secular paper,
and affords an intelligent glance at the views
of a man famou at the time of his death
throughout the Christian' world. His de
bat, in the regular order of their occur
rence, were as follows : With the Rev.
John Walker, a minister of the Secession-
Presbyterian church in the State of Ohio,
held at Mt. Pleasant In the year 1S20. This
debate created a great local interest through
nut all this section of country, and wss at
tended by a vast concourse of people. Next
followed his debate with the Rev. William
MtCalla on "Christian Baptism," held in
Washington, Kentucky, ift the year 1823 ;
next his debate with Robert Owen, at Cin
cinnati, in year 1828. on the truth of Chris
tianity ; noxt his debate in tho same city in
the year 1836 with Arohtiisbop Purcell, on
the Infallibility of the Church nt Rome ;
and. finally, in the rear 141, bis debate
with the Rev. Dr. N L. R'ce. held !in the
citv of Lexington. Kentucky, the specific
points ot whioh were "the action, subject,
design and administration of Cbrition bap
tism : " also the character of bpintnnl in
fluence in conversion and stnetification." and
the "expediency and 'tendency of ecclesias
tical creeds as farms of nnioo and oohtmu
nion.' This debate with Dr. Rice, embraced
a period of eighteen days, and was conduct
ed before a large snd interested assembly.
Henry Clay presiding as Mode'Mor,!ssrsted
by some of the first men of Kentucky. A
like interest had been shown in tbe Owen
and Psreell debates at Cincinnati, which
were thronged by eminent theologians from
all parts ef the country.
In the year 1828 Mr. Cnmpliell's earner
as a journalist began, atj which poiiod be
established at his ho'ie in Betbiny, the
Christian Baptist. This publication soon
became to the religious world what the
'"Spectator" had been t the socin' world in
th days of Joseph Addison, Q-iestiona
were here freely propounded and discued
between friends and opponents, believers
and unbelievers : correspondents were an
swered, accusations refuted, end doctrines
nnd dogmas commented npnn with all the
rresnness ana viger wnicn iur. t amptmii s
aotive and original mind infused into every
thing that claimed his atteiiti--in. Thoe
who would understann tbe full bearings of
his position to the reliqious world f that
period, and who would know bow ahly and
fearlessly he sustained himself in pvury va
riety of intellectual encounter, must, go back
to the bound volumes of that publication.
The "Christian Baptist" was, after many
years, succeeded bv the Milleninl Harbinger,
of .which journal Mr. Campbell wis pro
prietor at the time ot his death. W e have
not space to notice here, even in cursory
review, the written discussions which were
carried on in the Harbinger with represen
tative menwif tho various religious denomi
nations. One of the most noted was pro
bably a debate on TJniversilim with the
Rev. Mr. Skinner, of New York.
In the year 1840 Mr. Campbell, in pursu
ance of a long cherished design, founded
Bethany College, an institution which ever
since has been tho pride of bis life and
around which his warmest afflictions seemed
to twine. Toward its founding and sube-
?uent endowment he gave bis best energies,
ie made the tour nf the West and South
more than once in its bobalt.' His appeals
brought liberal responses from the prover
bially generous people of thnse sections,
many of whom were so devoted to him that
they traveled fifty miles to hear him speak.
Even Whitfield, in the senith of his pop
ularity, never drew together crowds more
completely under his influence.- No re
ligious reformer ever was more completely
enshrined in (lie hearts of his followers than
was Alexander Campbell at the time of
these celebrated tours during the last twen
ty five years. 1 He had then begun to grow
old. and his head was whitening, his views
had spread far and wide among the people,
his name was venerated, and thousands of
men, women and children regarded him
with all the fondness of filial affection.
And no wonder, as any one would say, who
during those days could have ; seen him
star-ding like Saul among ttm people. His
whole presence was commanding his enuo
ciatioa was sonorous and magnetizing, his
pronunciation was accurate and scholarly in
the first degree the outward evidences of
tho highest mental and moral discipline,
combined with original greatness, were un
mistakable, while his argumentation was as
luminous and as grand and all sweeping in
its comprehensiveness as the tun light itself.
Men of all creeds heard him enraptured,
and the tributes that were paid him by the
journals of the day wherever he went were
perhaps never accorded to any mere tneoio
gian in this country.
' Ever since founding of Bethany College he
has been its President I hose who have at
tended that institution do notneod to be told
of its most interesting feature. Mr. Camp
bell s morning leotures, reported as many of
them were during late years tor publishers,
will always bo read . and remembered. A
chapter, was read in the Bible by seme stu
dent seleotod in alphabetical order, anc
then oommented upon by the . President.
During these lectures be always sat in his
chair, and his remarks were of the easiest
and most conversational oharacter. rre
quently the whole hour would be consumed
on the philology of a verso. Miseonoeption
of eensrio terms, Mr. Campbell always con'
tended, had been the foundation of untold
errors in Biblical science. In all his debatos
and in all conversations, not less - than
these lectures, he, therefore, stated a pro
position, stripped of every yestigo of aiubi
euitv. ht compelling a definition of terms.
These terms he would trace down to their
roots in the dead languages. It was
custom with many students to loava oues
tions on his desk, and these were often made
the subject of a leotnre. Thus his inter
course every morning with the whole class
of students in aUcndanM at the College
was of such a character is it greatly endear
bim to them. . . .
But it was in social life, in the midst of
his friends and relatives, especially around
bis ewe ever thronged and ever-bespitable
fireside, that Alexander Campbell was most
trujy loved and honored, and there tbe
vicuum eta never be filled. As a conversa
tionalist he was as constantly tbe devoted
centre ot attraction for old aad ynnng,
stranger or relative, as ever were Coleridge
or - Maeauley. His information, derived
from life long study and from travels in
Europe and America, and from his experi
ence among every variety of life, was inex
haustible and always charming by itrl ex
ceeding simplicity. His manner tr ward the
humblest domestic of his household was en
gaging. Never were the inborn character
istics of a gentleman more certainly mani
fested than in him. Children loved the
very sight of him. "None knew him but
to love bim.". - ....
We have not had time to dwell upon
many incident of Mr. Campbell's life. We
hive omitted his career as a member of the
Virginia Constitutional Convention of 12!
30, is which body he tat as a member of the
Judiciary Committee along with Chief Jus
tice Marshall, snd in which he encountered
Randolph and the most distinguished men
of that day in debate. It was in that bodv
that he gave prophetic notice of what would
ultimately be the course of Western Virgin
ia, and of what he lived tosee accomplished.
He h'td for hit colleague from'this part, ef
the State a man worthy to be hisally Phil
lio Doddridge and no two men in that body
of great minds, give more evidence of Vir
ginia's intellsotual resource in these days.
Of Mr.- Campbell's tour to Europe, in
1847, we have also omitted to speak. Part
ly for his health, and partly to visit the con
gregations of his Church in Great Britain,
he undertook the tour. On reaching Lon
don he was the honored guest of our Minis
ter at the Court of St. James Mr. Ban
croft, end through bim snd through letter
from the first men of this country, was the
recipient of honors and attentions fromthe
great leaders aad moulders of political and
religioua'npinion in Lngland. Only in Scot-
land, in the oi'V of Edinburg, did anything
occur te nasi the influence and pleasure of
his trip. His position on tbe slavery ques
tion had been grossly misrepresented hy a
clergyman who wss desirous tn engage him
in debate, but with whom. Mr. C ampbell
refused to hold any intercourse on acoiunt
of his questionable character. The refusal
for the cause assigned lead to a recourse before
the civil tribunals on the part of the
clergyman in an action for libel, the final re
sult of whioh was a verdict in Mr. Camp
bell's favor. Mr. Campbell never was the
champion of American slavery. Ho believ
ed, however, that the relation of master and
slave bad existed in Biblical times under
the divine sanction, or, at all events, toler
ance, and while he did net desire to be re
garded as the apologist of American slavery,
he contended that it should not be a test
question of communion in the Churches.
This was his position in Sootland, before
I tho people of that country, as it had been
nere at nnme oerore mo American neopie.
His own slaves he had emancipated many
The closing ho;irs of this great and good
man's lifo were inexpressibly affecting to
tho group nf tender friends and relatives
thut witched round his bed sido. At tiroes
bis mind would wander over old fumilliar
scenes and be would recall them by name.
He was oppressed with a longing for rest
and quiet and home. He was weary with
his long journey, and he spoke of bis desire
to be led to bis friends and kindred and to
be at peace. Not a murmur, not a com
plaint, once escaped him be was gentle
and meek and patient throughout only ho
was oppressed with a restless weariness.
A letter dated frem his chamber at half past
two o'clock of Saturday morning last, to the
writer of this memoir, speaks thus ot him
"I am sitting up to-night with our dear
uncle We fully thought this would be his
last night on earth. But he has survived
the turn at the night and may possibly wear
through another day. His strength is won
derful. ' All this night I have thought as
watched him of a giant grsnpling with
desperate fee, or of some noble animal strug-
ling to be disentangled from the enemy
toils, chafed and fretted within its narrow
boundaries. Death has no power to dim
this great mind bis senses are as acute and
clear as ever, and his beautiful nature shows
the same in all things. ' His gentleness and
patience mid his suffering break .all our
hearts. Such sweettfess aud submission
the slightest wish of ethers around him
uch kin ! ooosideration for every one who
comes into his presence his little expres
sions of greeting, and his inquiry after tbe
Hare of those whe eome to see htm, and
such putting awav'of personal complaint
suffering. ' moves every beholder to tears.
All this could never b3 seen in a character
less great and grand than his. He is b'un-
noble and good ana great, as nature
made him, to the very last, Tbe commanding
and fascinating elements of his character
are intact in the midst of the wreck
matter.' Such passages of scripture as
has -recited even in his wanderings, and
such grand sentences as have fallen from
his lips such beautiful sohloauies upon
fleetness -of time' and upon 'doing good!
... , o ai ,.
wnue we can, etc. are wonaeriui 10 an
us. All the records ot great mun, and their
closing hours, give no such precious remem-
branoes. " To us who love him so, he appears
the greatest of them all. Humboldt,
know, looking upon the setting sun with
dying eyes, said, Ligbtl more light I !
Goothe, dying at the same hour nf dosing
day, raised his hand and uiada as though
were writing , in the air, according to
habit of describing all bis sensations as they
came. But these dying witnesses of
lives they, had led,, characteristic as they
were, bow tame, how meaningless compared
with what oar uoole expressed, an evening
or so. ago in watohing the glories of the
sun., ltd last rays were streaming
through the windows directly in front ol'his
bed, and fell upon it. A group of fiieudj
sat round biro in silenoe, and he turning from
them to the sinking sun repeated
passage from Malaohi which had been
Bb often on his lips during his life running
thus: 'But unto you that fear my name
shall the sun of righteousness arise with
healing in his wings. ' What a beiutiful
testimony of the work of his long life,
conveyed in that quotation? "
' Such were the ologinn hours ot Alexander
Campbell by thousands and tent of thous
ands esteemed to have been the greatost
thanlsiiian of his day. We have taken
puberty to use what was intended to be
private letter. Because m no einer way couia
we give satisfaction to bis many friends,
and elsewhere, as to his last hours.
w net, en their behalf appropriately
this msmt'r with these lines from Tcnry
"Mourn, for to o he the -
Rememhertny ell hi. tr.at'ie,. in the pa.t :
Mourn for the man of amp eel mSu.'ice,
Our irreei.t yet with lnrt pr-tenc,
And. a. the ereate.' only are,
In hi. etronlictiy anbliTto.
Puc h o a- li- whom we deplore,
The long .elf .acriftce t. o er "
Wisconsin on Doolittle and the
While Senator Doolittle, of Wisconsin, is
in Connecticut laboring to distract and di
vide tbe Republican party, and trying to
carry a fragment over to tbe Copperheads,
tbe Legislature of his own State have just
passed resolutions indorsing tbe action of
the true men in Congress, and condemning
the veto of tho man who is President Ly
assassination. Saya tbe fir.'t resoltiiion :
; We chould be guilty
of deceiving the President, and of misrepre
senting oht constituents, if we filled, at this
time, to declare that his inesago vetoing the
Freedmen's Bureau bill, in its general tone
and spirit, hs caused 'pain and disappoint
nient among his (rue friends and supporters
in our State, and has been bailed with ex
uberant joy and exultation by every man
who sympathized with the rebellion, or who
was cild and indifferent when treason :
threatened the life of the republic." 1
All the Union member ot both Honscs
voted for this resolution, and enly those
who sympathized with ths rebellion voted
The next resolution declares :
"That we most cetrdially indorse and ap
proveof theaction of such of our Senttors
and Representative in Congrtts s firmlyand
consistently supported the Freedmen's
Bureau bill, and who have persistently as
sertedfthe r'srt of Congress t determine
for itself v.henond in tchnt monnrt it trill
admit Rejtresentatires from States whose
Governments were disrrganized by the rebel
lion ; and we earnestly request them to re
sist the admission of Kepresentativesto Con
gress from disorganized States until peace
is fully secured, and until the people of such
States shall hate positively guarantied equal
and taoet Just kt to all men witLm tlteir lor
A liis resolution, while it upholds senator i
Howe, pointedly condemns, rebukes and de
nounces the trcacherons and reactionary
course of the apostate Doolittle. It passed
the Senate by a vote of ayes 21, nays 10,
and the House by ayes 62, nays 32.
Anecdotes of the War.
Of the many funny anecdotes detailed in
the army, the following always secuW the
most ludicrous. To fu ly appreciate it, one
must remember the difficulty almost uni
versally experienced in keeping ordnance
accounts straight early in tbe war. Very
stringent regulations were adontud finally.
and with every notification of failure in cor
rectness oume also the notification" that
" your name has been reported to the War
Department in older that your pay may be
stopped, " or " ysur name has been re
ported to the President, in order that it
may be stricken from the army list. " One
in this latter form was received by old Cap
tain , who had puzzled over his account
unsuccessfully until he wss nearly frantic.
On receiving tho notification, he ceased from
his labors, and waited patiently. Finally,
hearing nothing more of it, he sat down and
wrote anxiously:. "Dear Sir: What did
the President toy f Tours truly. "
We have never seen the story in print, but
it was knoWn' throughout the armv, and
" What did the President say ? " was the
popular reply to all threats cf whatever sort
from the Ordnance Bureau.
It was a regulation, adopted, perhaps in
1802, that no officer was to be allowed to
reign until he could present a certificate
from the Ordnance Bureau (and other sub
departments,) that his accounts had passed.
Id the winter of 18G2-3 an officer of a
Regiment was examined by a Board in ses
sion at C, and ordered to resign for incom
.potency. He knew nothing of war or peace.
and was too ignorant to know which was the
right flank ot his company, or the butt end
of a musket. He promptly tendered his
resignation, according to orders, end was no
tified that it could not be accepted, because
his Ordnance aconunt was in utter confusion,
lie wag still in service in July, 1865. and
had been working on the account all the
A Quartermaster of a German regiment
was more successful. After several prod
dings from the Department, railing hi at
tention to tbe fact that us returns had ever
been receded from him, he tumbled all his
papers prsmiscuou.ilv into a large box. and
sent them addressed to General Meiqs, with
this note : " Dese by my return. 1 bees in
do field, yea bese in de office. You makes
rlem out to suit yourself. I have no time. "
The returns must have been satisfactory he
afterwards figured as Captain, A. Q. M.
Columbus Journal. 1
More of the Trichina Disease in
The newly discovered disease caused by
trichina continues to cause great consterna
tion in Germany, Fresh outbreaks' have
succeeded to tho series uf fatal cases at
Hedcrsleben, where 8ru ! hundreds of per
sons full sick and many died through eating
diseased pork. Stringent measures, both on
the part ot the statj and the part or the
butchers themselves, have b-jen taken, in
some parts of Germany, to prevent the sale
of trichinous pork. In the larger towns
every beast that i-killed is submitted to mi
croscopic investigation. In the town of
Brunswick the eximina'on has ben com
pulsory since 1863, nnd i- conducted by med
ical men appointed for the purpose.
An English paper says:
" The trichina cannot live at the tempera
ture of boiling water, so that thorough cook
ing of Suspected pork ii a'l that it required
to render it harmless. An illustration of
this ocoiitrcd at HeJersleben : A womin
who bought some sausages heoaroe seriously
ill through eating some ot them, whilst her
husband, for whom she fried the remainder,
was uninjured. As meat, however, is usually
boiled or roasted in pieces of some consider
able sizo, it may easily happen that the in
terior may not reach the required tempera
ture.' Professor Hertwig made some very
conclusive experiments in proof of this. He
placed two pieoes of triohinous pork, each
about the size of one's thumb, in oold water,
and then raised it to the boiling point. One
oieoo he boiled twenty-two minutes, the oth
er twenty five;' and he found that the first
pieoe still contained living trichina, whilst
in the second pieoe they were all dead. Tbe
violence of the outbreaks at Hettstadt and
Hedersleben must undoubtedly be ascribed
to the penohant of the inhabitaats for raw
or insufficiently cooked meat.
Support your home paper.
TCHMI OF AOYKnilkintVU
.i r ,
One fci'iar. (led fine, or le..,l one n? rhfeo Ifteae-
xrn finM Oi
lit' i ' t
tion. eu ay
F.eeh uhe'UHt Insertion at)
One eu.re three fnonthi its)
Uiwsia. Casta, bf font le (even km. I yeoi- Of
MamrV .Weaeikn-w nnteteoedingmM-avaaaiof
a etuinn ai eny lime. S'.'U per yeer. 4 hall column,
not rieeertinf tour change, tVi A eoawan, aear
four change, t.'jo.
f verna tirrrrt.raf.Te rna.i la eerry aaaa, ho poat
in a1iaiieeIor fu.ruuictvh) f.oimUle .mlih kuwwo
Srenit, Nmirrs anil ri fntrai Anr-e
Man. once iuid a halt the ruleevf ciuui.ry aii
GENERAL NEWS SUMMARY.
Snws from the interior of Missouri rep
resents the agricultural proenocte as vety
good. The whe.it crop, wbioh It was thought
would be almost a failure, has much im
proved since tbe moderate woatber est in.
Late advices from Gov, (Morton are hy
no means so favorable ai was expected. He
has had a rilapse, and feels himself quite
discouraged about regaining his health. It '
is presuu"d that ba aailud frem Liverpool
lor New York the last part of February.
Boxes containing naunitifttts of war are '
being shipped from Indiaaapolis te tbe
Fenian headquarters in New kork
The people of Wankegan, Illinois,
had an election for city officers on Monday. '
The Copperheads started a ticket headed
"Administration ticket," but the Republi
cans, by a largo majority, made oleaa
sweep, electing straight and onnempromis- "
ing Unwni.te to every oflioe. "Straws," ko.
Dn David Jatne, eT Philadelphia,
weil known tl nughout the Union hy hia
extensively adverti-ed patent medicines,
died in that city, on Monday, at the age of
sixty-MX ami a hair years, the very large
fjrfune which he left behind him was the '
result of eon.-fant and judicious sdvertisisg.
II..- erected several magnificent buildings in
l'iiilaAelpbia, which are monuments of his
public epirit and taste.
The municipal eleotbn st Newport, Ky..
on the 5ih, resulted in the eleotion of the
whole Lnbn ticket, except two ward offioers.
At Portland, Maine, elsction on the Mh,
the Union ticket was elected over the Data-
bcratic by a maj irity cf one thousand in
total vote of about threo iboiuand.
The L'nzoln (Da'awar) Herald congratu
lates the people of that State, that owing to
the killing of the peach hnds in New Jersey,
ths Delaware paaohog will command a goad
price this year. It nays that although
many of the peach buds ia Delaware wera
injurud by the last cold weather, yet there
ate enough unhurt to insures large erop.
Or.s. Meade publishes a card in tbe
Philadelphia Evening Telegriph denying
the truth ot the report that be bat been ask
ed by the l'ret k-nt tn allow the use of hia
name in the Pennsylvania Democratic Con
vention. The Washington Star says that the Govi
ernntent will not try Semmes, bavieg decided
he was duly paroled oath jsjrtendorof John
ston's army to Sherman.
Gem. Joe Johsstom is in Wsalingteo,
to testify before tbe Reconstruction C'oit
mittte. Tuz winter on the Pacific coast has been
pv.n more epvera than heretofore reported. .
Communication with Montan has been eul
off ly the great depth ofsaew. and it is
fenred there has been great enfferiog and.
loss of life. It is said that twehundred Har
mons, on their way to that territory, are
known to have perished.
Col. Bowehs, ot Gen. Orsnt't staff, was
killed on Tuesday at Ganison't Suttian,
Hudson Kiver Riilroad, New York, while
attempting to faep on board a train of cars.
U.vio.v victorii are reported in'the City
elections which ootiTed on Tuesday ia
BufTilo, Uswgo and Ucica, N. Y., and in
Des Moines, Iowa. The result in the latter
ease is the more gratifying, because in years
before, tbe city has been in the hands of the
Tile Springfield State Journal states that
reports are coming in from various parts ef
Illinois to tbe effect that tbe wheat crop has
sustained no inconsiderable damage from
the alternate freezings and thawing of the
past season. Where tUa.land was hlrong.
and due care was exercised in the prepara
tion of the ground,' and in sowing the grain,
the prospect is fuir for a good crop. The
indications are that the largest crop of earn
ever plautud in Illinois will te put in this
Reports as to the peach crop are unfavor
able from most parts ot the country.
The portrait of President Lincoln was
hissed at s recot public exhibition iu Wab
inton City. Gon. MoOlelan's picture was
The number of widows, orphans snd c?it
abled soldiers now drawing atmn-l pensions
from the Government is about S7 f00, with
out ioclu iing thoe granted during' the
present month. ;
VAl.tAsrtffinAW, in a recent speech ia
Dayton, said, "It seems to devolve upon
the Democracy . exclusively to indorse the
President in his patriotic coarse." Strong
' The Columbus Journal, speaking of Mr.
Bingham's recant speech ia Congress, says :
Mr. Bingham, aUo, has made a speech
very recently, upon his propaaed eonstitm
tiohul amendment the bearing ef which
has been discussed in these editorial col
umns.' Mr. Bingham is tbe moat aggrava
ting individual to the Opposition who has
ever appeared to them. His last speech ie
characterized by an unu'ual amount of bis
bland and captivating suavity of manner.
and the Copperheads pressed their polite
attentions upon him to such a degree that
he occupies about five columns ot tbe Ulobe
in disposing of the interruptions made te
this one speech. And 'he fne of each in
dividual one is most apils pr figured in that
rrtnd heroic poem by lv. N. Pepper, en
titled "The Alligator and the Water Snaik,"
in these lines,,:
And be .lowly went oflT for to eool.
. M A wonilrriii1 what maJe h:e tail hurt no. -
Nothing in literature so completely de
scribes the successive action ana . sensation
of eaoh Copperhead, as he retired from the'
General Grant is ne longer oerossed by"
the ' Democratic newspapers, . Since the'
issue of hia order relative to disloyal presses,
they are almost unanimous in denouncing
him charging him with seeking toeoovert
himself into a Napoleon, and exercise des
potic powers. Tbe copperheads have dis
covered that they cannot ua the iron willed
soldier and patriot. . 'r.
Nations have their lives as well as indi
viduals, only they lack tbe clear and unmis
takable symptoms by which nature marks
the progress from youth to manhood, and
from manhood tn old age; they are as the
finite as the persona who compose them,
only without the same data for determining
the progress of their existence. - '
t , i -oe-B '
.Evert Union man in BMuuoot County
should take Tax CunoSicfcaV, .