Newspaper Page Text
Jefferson's Views on Slavery.
Jin views .4. by ler.torto
M. 1)'. Mir'i. M of i' -i rteuo't '.f in!,i,.n,
oit-Ii'i . n in tli-i Vi'i-iu.t l.i-intiire,
wlr li) in r. Uso' J n I). II toioluh Sla-vei-y.
1 ' t O ir mind were ni ennni iH-d
,ni hifiuw limns, by a iui u il belief
il w it uiir duy U be aiibor.lnia.e lo
I'm" m.v.hrtr oouniir in m liters of Govern
ment, (o diK-ft !! our Who;- in subrv
rn'' ) her. iu'ecots, oiid vn toobserre
h rf.'d ititnlerence of nil religions but
Thml.lfii-tilili'Kof xir Ivcpierenin
ixves wr i f habit and dep:ir, not of ro
floo.ton mij cnioiion. -
[Jefferson's Life, page 36.
[Jefferson's Life, page 36. IN HIS NOTES TO M. MARMOTS
- I To miJCrtt the liberties of a
-T4 sner.r when we have removed their
jj'i'j fi'n) h-', hconvictioa in th wind
of lie r(tli that ihe liberties are the
fi'fd. n (tod f. Thai lliey are l be t iola
led but wub h wrath. .Indeed 1 tivm
1U f.ir m; country wh(n I remember
liit'l 0 id t'-t ifiiit.'. hi justice cannot
l.-p for ixr: that con-dderiug number,
nvur, natural means, only revolution
'.in lb l sl of fortune, an exchange ol
ti imiinn poihle; that It boo. prob
. . . ' . i .. ... r t Tl..,
shla bv rup-jriiaiural interference!
Abni'li'V has no aitribuie which
Jake sidus with us io a contest.
Life. page 37.
'T Jefferson on th propriety ofsiri
kin i-eriaiii elitists fiom the original
copr of i h Declaration of Independent;
The pmillanimout idea i t we had
frimj in England worth kc pii g let uu
li b, ill liauuii-d 1 1 n:it.il of ninny.
t'vr lLi. K'Hn. lliOM pHcmfn wliitbcoii-tt-yml
renmin1 on the people of t-ngUnJ
wra tuu:k out,' Wsl IbfV nhoul i
thorn o!l'ji)o. Iheclnuoe lo, rcplbHliDmid
nisl-ivin the inlmbiiinl of Af
rkiA, w; n 1 1 tit k. out, in uoniplinnce ol
&udi Ciiioin Mud Oiorgiit, who IihiI
nryr nticnipipil to rmlrHiu the iirpn
thn of )iivr( mid who, on the eoiiirw j,
tilil wiahxd to ooiiiiniiM it, Our r.orilicin
brMilirvn, nUo, 1 b'lievo fell h Utile len
der uiiJit thru i-rnMurcn; for though thpy
bad very few t.Uvt ilifmitelven, yet they
hul bif n prftiy counJornble cmiier ol
them '.o otlion.
Life, page 91.
Tba pKi t of llie DcelnrHtion rderred lo
Whi ni lolluwt: He (the King)liad ur
tj orul wir n'iiiiKt Iiuidhii imiure ilnull',
viohiiny itn must hhtwI right! of lifuund
liberty in the pursuiM of udi-itHtil people,
uiio never ollrnded him, onpiiritiin mid
And currying them into lnvery in miotlivr
hemioplu re, or to liu'iir niinernbln ilenth iu
their iriHportliiu thillier. Thin pint
fh wiirlino, the opprobrium of the in
ndfl power, in the wnrlitreof the cluit
inn Kini of Gil UritiHi). Dc'.oi mill
ed to ke'p op-n a nmikot, where men
ulioul.l be bought mid be bite pi'im
tmtalhis n"H ive for Mippwo-ing every
I gir-l.,live itit nip', to prohibit or teetrniit
tine ex .einbleoiii.ineri,e. And tlml thin
Asiwmbliie of horror iitiht want no
fnol of dininitiehed ilio, lie H now inci
ting lhi very popl (o rie in itrms am
on u. mid io purohAH that of which he
b deprived tlirm, by niuitli nnjr the
pe ipli tt whom be nlwi obttuded thein;
lliuit pit) ng oil fornier loiiuee uomtnitlud
Birsinst i he liburliee of one people with
the crimes whiult he ur them lo com
mil against the live ot ulbere. Lifu,
l lie tolluwia? w penned in France on
learning; of tit paHHevf .the H'll in the
trgmia LeisUiuie witlioui hi Hmoud
What a stupendous work; what an in
oompreiienioblu machine in initul who van
endure toil, famine, hu iim'h. lmiriHonniein
and death itKvlf, in vindication of his own
liberty, and the next moment be deaf to
all thoM) motives w hone power supported
him thro' his trial, and ii'lliot on Ins f.-l-.wr
ntHii a bondage, one hour of which
U fraught with moie nunery, than ol
mai whion no rose in rvtieiiion looppoe!
11 it l we must await wiitt patience the
woi kings of an overruling l'rovidence,
and hope thai Ha is preparing the de
liverance of these our nuilurilig brethren
Wiien the measure of their tears shall tx
full, when their p-roans hhall have involv
ed heaven in daikoeHit, doubilena a Ood
of iuHtine will awake to their dintnas, ami
by dilfuiiing light and liberty muii their
oppressors, or at Iviigili by Ins exiernil
DiiiiL' thunder, mmiitesi alieiiiion to the
things of this world, and they are not luf,
to lite guidance ol a bliml tuuliiy. '
[Life, page 142.
EFFERSON WROTE AS FOLLoWS TO A FRIEND
Th whole comment between mastei
and slave is a pot p. t . ml xcn i-e o' th.
most boisleious pakiollH, the mHt unre
mitting despotuui on the one part, and
derauiiic' submission on the other. Out
children c this and learn to imitate it
for can ia an imita'ive animal, this quul
tty is the gorm of all eduuaiion in iiint
From hia i-raillo lo his grave he N Turn
lug to do hat he vex s others do. If
rent could find no oilier motive vither in
bra philantrophy or self-love, for restrain
intf llie intetipetsn of pasiou lownnU
li ssntve, tl ehotthi oe always a Millicicni
one that his child, is present. Hut gen
tally il i not suflioieilt. The. narem
atofUia, liie liild looks oh catches, the
linwaroents of wrath, .puis oh the. stme
airs in the circle of smaller tUves, give
t"oto nut worHt tiasnions, ana thus nur
sed, educated. ai:d daily e lm-ited in tyr
anny, caonot but be vUmped hv it, will.
odiums pecuIiHtiuut. Ihe.inHn iituiit be
proditfV who tan retain bis timr.neri
and tuoiaU undopraved, by such circum
stances. And with whatexei-rntionithould
the Stntesmtin be loaded, who peiuii'tinu
one half of the citizens thus to trHiit)le
un voe njjti'p oi vie other: iranelormiiig
mm ui-rpom, mij tnese lu'.o eu-
nnes; dwelroytmr the morals of cue. pun
and the' love of eounlry of the other.
Kor if anUve un have a eountry In thU
worl f. it mnn be any other than that
ia which he is born to live and -hibor lot
anotlier) ia Which he musl locli up' the
iwuiupi oi in iiHiur.i. o onribui- a far
at di-peijiis on his individual endeavors U
the rvHniKlioieni of thehitnimi race, oren
lad hi own miHeruble contlilton on lh
euJIcri generaiiou priHivdiii front him
[Life. page 185.
wrcte ii C'hsmillul on pre
aensinliim wiihac'pyof hi. itoW on
I I iave been lionored with the receip
ot your letlar of the nerona lust., atidsm
to Ihank ycu. I.S 1 do ninoerelT, for the
jaillnlily with wlich you Tecivcd the
opy of ttoiet on my countrr. A I au
lar fr tksU.lf lUitfio iptJfwi
my own ob-wrva .i.n, una .vh ,t J untie. I
none on ll. ptri of oipt. whuth Were
not supported by evidcni-a SitfTtcient to
omman J m bw n siet t 1 Km not airtil
you should makn ali eltrsctsyou please
lor the Journal dt Y'hytiqu which Oome
witliin their plan of ruldtcailon. The
i rioturei on plavety anil on the Constit J
lion of Virginia are not of thai kind, and
they ate the parts wLich 1 do not wttii
made rublio, at least, till I know wheth
er then puhlica.il in would do mol harm
or giod. It U poiotible, that in my coun
try, thene strictures ma'ht proiluce an ir
ritation', which would lndii.poe the peo
ple to the two greafohjeolsl nave in view;
that is, the emancipation of their slaves,
and the settlement of their Constitution I
firmer and more permanent bais.
[Life. Page 187.
BY LETTER TO MR. MONROE.
'I send Vou by Mr. Ono, a oopy of my
bMk(noiee on VirgiliU.) Be so good
i to sp'iloiftxe to Mr, I lioiiiPHon lor my
not sending him one by this conveyance.
I cou I J -Im nl n jlr.Uuo with no more, on
lonjf a r as that from here to Orient.
I will etid him one by Mr. illtams who
will go ere long.' I have taken measures
to prevent its pubhcai ion, My reaxtn Is
hat 1 lear the term in whioli 1 spesk Ol
if slavery, and of our Constitution may
produce an irritation, which will revolt
the minus of our countrymen, against rt
lormaiion in lltse two at tides, and thus
lo more harm than ij'X'd. 1 have a-kud
Mr. Madiion to sound this matter as. .far
is he can. r.nd if ha thinks it will pro
luce that ellect, I have copies enough to
ive one to cuch of the young men at the
oiicge, and to my friends in the coun
BY LETTER TO MR. MONROE. JEFFERSON ON THE REVISION OF THE LAWS
Tli bill on the ml Meet uf tluves, was a
mere digest of the existing laws without
tny intimation of a plan lor a tuiureand
general emancipation. It WHh thought
better thai this Should be kepi back and
tttempted only by way of amendment,
whenever the bill should be brought on.
the principles of the amendment were
tgrncd on, that is to sav, the freedom of
all nficr a certain day, and deportation of
a proper age. llul H was found thai l he
public mind would not bear the propom-
ion, nor will II bear it even at this day
whan he wrote his notes on Viiginia.)
Vet the day is not distant when it mul
bear and adopt il, or worse will follow.
Nothing is more certainly written in the
book of fata than '.hat these people are to
be free; nor ia il luns certain ihnilhelwo
races equally free cannot live in the aamu
government. Mature, habit, slid opinion
have drawn Indelible lines of diminution
between ihem. It is still in our power lo
direct the process of emancipation and
ilcjMWlnllou, Hacenily and In suolt slow
legrees, as that the evil would wear oil
iin-ciiNibly, and their places be filled up
with Tree whuo laborers. If on the con
tritry jt be left to foice its way on, human
li tlure niUHl uliudder at the propped held
up. wei-ltoum in vain look lor an ex
ample in the punish deportation or dilo-
ten, ol Mm Moor, litis precedent wotil I
fall lar short of our ci. (The commit
tee on this reviHton of '.he laws of Virgin
ia, were Mr. I enuluion, Mr. Wyihe,
Ueoru'e W H.so n, 1 lioinas Li. iue and llioui
XT' Our neighbor, Mr. Zaiim, has flung
out very appropriate colors. They beaii
about as near a resemblance to ihe Amer
ican flag as locofoio principles do lo
genuine democracy, What are they,
brother Z. T Cherokee, Utah, Jiurder
Rnflian, or what? I'erhaps il is the en
sign of the btuk-Aiiicans I I'lcnso ra
lleul a little light on that baby-tjuill for
the bntii of your punlcd coiumporary
of the Trilm.
-The lact 1 kuuwn lo evtrr Rcpiititii-sn lu
I'ilVm that IWinhig U rvgnrd.4 M the DtAU
v tlUlil' ou the lutluo ticket." Adv.
And the fact Is known to every Repub
lican and other man thai the "dead
weight" aforesaid will be 'dtndull"
on the, lluuk-afiicau lickot.
M0r Our eolcmporary begins one of his
gttconades thu: Ollicel Ollicel Ollicol"
and ends it "I'ile up a Foriiinul" Exact
ly I Thai has lieeti ILe propriulora ntotlo.
fen jeuis of utiles, and utn Kundrtd and
UitftLt thouiand dollurt mihsiku when 'e
wa choked oil, exclusive of salary I And
yet with all this, like the horse leech,
Ltrehltu's proboscis still rings the air with
olliue, oUiiie, otlice; pile up a fortune. "
Why, in the name of modvsiy, if your in
"atiable maw is not yet filled, what sum
do you ask? We an curious to know'
Volt might as wtll undertake to choke up
Venuvius with bank notes, as lo aaiUfy
Dreklin's appoliie for ahem d?JtiUt.
SV On comparing the brag game play
ed in 1854 and 1855 mi' It 1851 by ihe
locos, we' find llie bluster at similar
stereotype. V 1 gams, "certain vic
tory," eto , etol, f to. . Jt.wiU.eiid. oo
jititt aa it has done heretofore, in the.r
overwhelming defeat , : - t,--
IT The Hon. Samuel P. Vinton la one
of the Old Line Whigs claimed by the
Slave Democracy as a supporter of Bu
chanan, He has written a letter to Judge
Nash, in which ho says he inteuds to sup
Thst Cosuf laowos. .Twonly-four
of the prontiueut Democrat of Ingham
oouniy. Michigan hav publinhud 'an ad-,
dress io- the 'len.craey ' of li e oo4iny.
Ooenpyiiig thfewcliwely printed columitk.
in wnicn uiry repudiate -tin I'uieiiinHti
platform and )t.a uominee, James liuehan
tn. Ingham county ; ia the county in
which the seal of Government is located,
ind Ingham county ha been for year
.lmo-t uuanimoukly Demociallu. i ivto
tH Crightou's Slump Extracter.
This nisnhitie waa invented and patented
v J. B. Cmukihton. . of Tiiliit, Ohio.
Flora an elimination of a sui'iU model,
we ihould judge the machine to baa good
one, and thoMt who have tried, speak
highly of its merits. Mr Creighton will
have a tarire machine on exhibition at th
sivx l OUiw fair. QM JTanmr,
V 1 b KIN VlliH V N i:.
W, O. tllY, " ''"".'Tl"i
- T "''tl 's f K L IMJn L il Ml US mi 'If if 10
fuR t'ftKHlUHNT, ' ,
J. C. FREMONT.
WM.-L, DAYTON. ;
REPUBLICAN STATE TICKET.
FOR JDDOF.9 OF PITH F.MR COURT.
short txrii OZIA BOVEN. Marion.
tostiTsasij JOSIAnSOOI T. ButUr
roa ooMuisatoHsa or common schools.
ANSON BEUTH, f ranklin.
riissnsnitR ioasd r polio works.
JOHN R. WADDELL, lion.
' SKSAToKTAL JI.KCTORS.
CALKlt II SMITH, Ifumillon,
JACOB PERKINS, Trumbull.
COOPER K. WATSON.
Republican County Ticket
For Auilltor i
JAMES M.tSTE YENS.
For Trem-uwr i ...
For SlierifT :
ERASTUS O. JJOWE. .
Fur Rccenler t
KICIIAIU) A. KIUKWOOD.
Fur Com'i Unloner t
ENtX.Il T ltUMDO.
IIENUY II. tiTONE.
For Inflrnmrv Wrectori
i.tmtiTiruvt.rolIN I). LOOM 18.
MIKDI.K DANIEL KKOWN.
biiokt joiin KEi:n.
Hon, Cooper K. Watson Nominated.
At the Congressional Convention which
met on Tuesday, iho tOih innt., in For
est, Hon. C. K. Watboii was re nominat
ed alntos l unanimously on the first bal
lot. Mr. Watson lias b en an able, in
dustrious, indvfaiignble laborer in liis
pl"co, voting right on all questions con
nected with the great issue. True, he
has not occupied the time o' the IIou
in long poeches for home consumption
al hough, as nouo will deny, lo is in
ability and power peer to any man on tha'
floor : but he has labored porseverittgly
and assiduously on the important com
mittee of which his fellow commiileo
man says ho "is the soul."
Let the Oil) district lally around him
Shall it be that another foe lo freedom
shall be sent to help crueh Kansas and
trample t poti ihe North? In lite present
evenly dividud coi.diiii.n of the llou.te,
the fate of theeniire West mty and pro
bably will depend upon our exertions.
Remember also that the aristocrats will
lo all thai human power can do to acquire
a slave iu the Oih diatitcl.
"The Constitution and The Union.'
Not it stumper nor a banner of the pro
slavery pally can be heard or seen that
does not bray or blstou the motto above.
The Contiti)Tiok saj s "Congress shall
make no taws abridging freedom ol speech
or of the press."
, The Black Democratic party denounce
as treason resistance lo ihe laws of Kan-
as, ("the terriiorial") and the Adntinis
tratiou says they shall be in forced by the
full power of the Government. Them
laws prohibit freedom of speech and of
the press, let the Buolaniers with one
breath shout for this Black Democracy,
and with the uext for the "Conaum-
tiou 1" .
The Constitution declares: "Congrex
khall make no law abridging the right ol
the people peaceably to axHcmblo."
The people peaceably and lawfully as
sembled al Topeka. and Pierce scattered
them at the point of the bayonet. The
locofoco leaders endorse Pierce, and shout
for the "Constitution." .
The Constitution says : "Conpres
.shall not abridge ihe right of petition.".
Buchanan voles to iibolUh the right ol
petition in the onse of slavery, and the
Buchatuers scream "the Conxlitution."
The CoNsTiTt'Tii N ssya; "The United
Status shall guarantee to' every State a
Republican form, of government,.. AND
SHALL PROTECT THEM FROM IN
The locofoco "faithful and democratic
adminilratiou" torcss upon the terri
tories a uxsporiMI. and tartuim Ay arms
authority, itfct, unti tolditry tht 1 NV AD.
ERS of a jartufU territory, and now
lUtin ains ihe monstrous enacimenta jf
these inva lers atinKt the Will of the
people. And yrt tM Ltaek Dimocracy
sAri.il ''Ms CvnitUuti'HH!"
The CoiuriTl TioN piH.laiius : "Th
right of the people to keep and bear arms
xhall not be infringed."
Tha free settlers of the Wei are d is
armed by Marhalls appoiuted by the
The Constitution ssvs : "The people
U11 be sure ia their persoaa and pop-
srs, houses nd ell'-cif against itorrs'on
sble searches and uures.". j ,
Jibimy Dticli'.u'in toIa (o rifle the
mails of all "abolition" d f umenta, let
ters, etc. -A' d the ! Orsn l Juty .unil.ir
Judge Lecon pton 'Montr "search and
seise," but Sum duviard dtttroy houses
and presnes. - - - -
. The C'lfsTtTCTrow decrees: "ExcessiT
bait tball hot recjttii-ed, not ezcessiv
6nes imposed, wor .cruel' and unusual
punit.hment inflicted." . , ,
' What doe the reader think t hattging
a man for expressing his Itonert opinion
in the subject. f free labor? f -(
We might proceed, lo enumerate,, but
lime and patience forbids. The ques
tion now occurs : why is it that this
party who daily threaten to destroy the
Union, who ruthlessly trample upon the
Constitution, and violate every right of
the citiien and of the Slate, are continu
ally shouting for that which they stab,
and extolling that which they avow they
will destroy? Judas betrayed the 8avioi
with a kiss. Douglass proclaimed 'squat
ter sovereignty' when he flatiid Kansas
in the power of the pirates, and forced
the people into their chains. Arnold
wrote patriotic letters to Oeorge Wash
ington at the same hour that he wrote
esuiiulaiion of the American army. Tbis
is but the same system of damnable lac
tics, having for his objoct tba blinding
of the people while they are robbed of
ihclr rights and liberties.
How They'll Do It.
The "Sheriff Jones" organ is pleased
to inform Ihe people how the Dlack Demo
cracy is to cany Sc-ntc County, and the
"Deduct the vote that Fillmore and
Buchanan will receive from llie Black
Kepnblican party, and it is iu a largt
.... . -. . ..
i nut is saia oi ooneca vounty; now
for Ohio :
"Mr. Fillmore's . friends confidently
claim thai he ..ill receive al least 50.000
votes in Ohio. In the counties of Bel-
monr, Guernsey, Monroe etc., they as
sert ihnt he will best Fremont. Every
day the indications are irrowing thai
Mr. Buchanan will carry Ohio. We
tell our friends to be of good cheer
trust in Ood, and keep ihcir powder
Trust in the Devil! S'ephen Arnold
Douglas and his "ubleaud patriolio broth
er auuuior Atchinson" trvtling in Oodl
The above accounts for the activity ol
WiWn, Senny and Co. in welcoming the
locofoco who undertook lo palm himelf
ottforau "American" the other evening.
in applauding hia di.shwaler, and holding
ong conferences with htm.
The Black Democracy are reduced lo
desparaiion, and ro , now down on all
fours to the Know . Nothings begging. ' A
parly that will advocate, tha 'niggering'
of the entire West (or the slave breeders,
are in their appropriate sphere when beg
J'nl I oul ,uu Republicans of Senoca
County are loo wide qwake to be caught
in this gull irap of Wilson, Seney, Pike
and Co s. They will roll up a majority
for the Republican ticket approaching that
"If we can run a Fillmore ticket, we
can beat them," say these hungry office
seekers! Go in, gentlemen, with all vour
tricks. The able, honorable, and hiVi.lr
popular ticket at our nivtt head is bound
to ssirt. Everybody in Old Seneca knows
, - r j
Andrew Jackson vs. James Buchanan.
The following Utter has produoed a
great squirming the Buuhaniors
GEN. JACKSON TO MAJOR W. B. LEWIS
HERMITAGE, Feb. 28. 1845.
Your oliHcrvution with rrimrJ to Mr H,,..l,.
hin are correct. lie nhowi-o a want ol
tourR lu Ui Hlr of tin- iniriue tx-mecn AU
uu tutl Cly, uol du me Uu-jiutioe iu the i
poMlhe there UMile.auU Jm tul, uuuui ,mi Iimc
.14 . ! a ytrjtct UHUrriUKa.nr it
re A .u Vti ahout Uie Preudem-y auj
die Mt-eretart ulle. This . aia lure ot. 'llui,
ab Iher he viewed lUut .hunt va aiij eorrupUou
iu iliecae or uoi, 1 know not,- but one tliinv 1
do know , that he Uln-d ms lo combat ilium Willi
Iheirown wettlis i thai , lei Hit I'ricuUa
ay, If I it. eleou d I would make Mr. Clav Siw
rt lary of Dtiite. 1 kt, i . it)t,r..r. 'p
rutH. on . J rrp. lit l il tnth that Ut tnJir
iih s i thought il tltm,d.
This charge from Andrew Jackson tha
Buck" is deeply corrupt man. c!U
lonh the LmUvillo Courier, feroc,iu
"Buck aud Breck'' sheet, who a lniinU
lers uj-on the hro of the Hermitage iu
Ibis aljle 1 '
A ariMlr letter wriltrii hr J u-kvin In HU.1
Julb.'ore hi J.-.itU. n:eunlv . illil.r.li liuclwiuoii,
ih.iriiij- liim .iih cowardice arid falwliooo, i
lwaiels.l) - draiot 1 loria to degrade Uuciwuali.
The in i ol Uio air.dr reals Uxu J.tckaou lor
wiiiiuK Uiu Idler, ami urn u;vm hm bo have
hnwinlii ii io lilit tor pohnol effi-cl now, IW
the hret time. Thev who " bean approi rium
nM.uuuin hiihupna llie (rrare ol' Jtckaon," are
Ihey ho Uve dudiouuraj him and degraded
Uiuui-H-Urt brpubtUliInrf the uul'ortuiule pr.tml,
li uerofi. im Ii iMuiciir U lywar, who,
lu Itil vrrr letter, piored thai, to lit laat, a
lawcA f 'jwttu ar wvg lumuuily nar4S an
rarwi m- rie evi tnl rtj Aij ar.at, ao'lAul
S ny unjtrlnnUt w, mMkt ttif tkrm.
If U.icluiin hud, in IttJT, Insiexd or fiuUil'ullv
Ik-tving trutluul iwbnwui, he did, corTuUa-aied
Jekwn'a clutrvea ;aii,', Clay, Jackaon never
would bavt writu-a Kit lufOHu a crl Irtiera '.
IMi! a We twlier thai hia
airr evuvlcU J ickaon of slandering t lay, and
Uivu omuoH bin, of alandvriuff buohauau be-e-ia
he would aot periur hmwell' by uiuruiig
Uie alai.-der umiiit I L. a it ....
I VniucraU ali.aild be di-'ileatd St our oplnioa of
I " uiej uui,k wt aliuuld admit the truth
ol a fowardlr, avt-ret, and alawlerou teller, wltich
ataaila the truth and nxiral cuupiK of Bia baiiaa
otilv beutuw it puroiaa loiiate bwn wnueu by
J.kt alia hatatu auy ii, that Ihey hat
imntukrn our cl.ara.-UT tw Ind. iieialrwje and
lo.eul irvth and Juaii, and Uxir tuiatak eaa
tikeuol ths aliL-Uieat duuiK la our ooitvicuuna
sud ciihluot. Uut we deu'l U-liave tliera U a
e-ndid IVmiM-rat ia Am. rlca wlio doea uol eo
leraia rweciwly our oyinUto of Jackauti's
orn WnvrauuMjVriiot J)w4uuu, which Ui4
fne4 U a-r.1,1
It haa therefore cams lo this pass that to
sissuis the t4iv ol ."ak,M lU ttry
name of -Andrew Jackum, Uolf niut
bfl profar.ed, and Lis nieih'ry intuited by
tbesi . fl;chanir I They firt trample
... r,vy nu pmcpie.o, ,eun.o u
Jack,on i thedost, and then villify ihcir
charac:ers. ' j
Now we ask any man of common sense
which h.wUI believe, that Jackson waa
. I I: l -. - i I ir
oorrnpt and Buchanan ritrht, or thsti
Buchanan te corrupt ahd that Jackson wU
right ? Not many mn will hesitate on
such t, question as that. When old "Ten
Oohts" puts hit veracity against the old
hero, he commit a blunder. Jackson's
word will go as far with tba people st a
thousand 'such oaths' as Euchanan'a. t
Look at the struggle in Congress
: The R -publicans refuand to pass in ap
propriation bill giving money i to Con
gress to su tsin the army," tinloea the Ad
ministration would sgree that the army
should not be used to enforce the laws of
the Bogus LegiHlature if Kansas, the
Bloody Code, Ac. The locofoco Senate
and 1'resideal will not pass an appropria
ion bill at all unions they are permitted
to us the money to enforce the Missouri
CVs upon the settlers. So they adjourn
and forthwith the President calls thorn
lo an extra session. - Again the Iloute
insists on protecting the settlers of Kan
sas, snd again the Senate and Adminis
tration avow that they will use the funds
for that purpose and will admit no pro
viso. Karitat mutt b cruihed f
The two houses are doing little, if any.
thing, but to watch each other's move
men is on this question. The House
stands over the body of prostrate and
bleeding Kansas, delending her with a
uiajor:ty of throe lo five. The Senate,
bv two-lhirds vote is u-onir Kverv eienion
iu ils poWer l0 wresl llie wor(1 from lh
iih which to put in a fiuioLing
blow upon Freodom.
SENATOR WELLER RECKDER.
Weller, of California, brought a bill
into Ihe Senate, Aug. 20, (Tuusday ) lo
abolish all the obnoxious laws of Kaunas.
The Republicans have been at all time
willing to pass the appropriatio i bills on
this compromise. Wellor said:
"But as the House find so mueh fault
wilh ihe oppressive laws of Kantian, and
lie would admit some of them were 'op
preHsivo and infamous as any laws which
nan ever louna their wny upon the stat
ute book of a free people in any age of
site worm wtiy snouhj the Senate now
licstiate to declare them null and void,
a he had before declared many of them
were not only in derogation of the organ
ic laws, but of the Conxiiiuiion of the
United Stales. Freedom of speech Wa
giiiiraniiea Dy the Uonstituiion, but by
some of these laws it was denied. When
he lotiud laws w hich were in conflict wiih
the Constitution, he did not ohoote
wail for the Judiciary, but wanted
wipe tlicin out at once."
The Senate will not probably agree
this proposition, as they have a prospect
of overcoming tho small majority of the
Mark it, Reader! All mon admit these
laws are evil, illegal, unconstitutional, in
human, and yet because the House refuse
to appropriate money for their enforcement,
the Buck-Africans threaten
continue the contest till next fourth
Latest from Congress.- A Query.
Weller's proposition to abolish the
Draconian laws ofKan.as was tabled by
three-fourths ' tho "Democracy" in the
Senate, and Weller withdrew '"t. The
House stands firm and does nothing
Both parties are awaiting reinforcements
from absentees, and when they all get in
the union of the Fillmore or American
vote in the House with the Black-Demo
cracy, it will enable thera to piss the Ap
propriation Bills, by a small majority, over
the heads of the Republicans. '
The Republicans simply insist that th
U. S. army and treasure 'hall nol be used
to enforce the Missouri code against the
settlers. That is all. Let the Sena
. . o
lo their proviso, that ihe money appropri
ated shall not be used to force the neo-
plo to submit to Lecomplon, Jones, and
Olhe- thieves and murdureis. ami ih.. n.
. . , , " "f
proprtations will pass as rapidly as the
votos can be called. Weller and Cass ad
mil that the laws area disgrace to civili
sation, having no parallel in modern, or
scarcely in ancient timos.even among sav
ages, fcvery P.ir:hem man pronounce
them hogu as well as unconstitutional.-
Why this desperate struggle on the part
of the BU k Democracy for them? There
can be but one erplunation : Then lutm
crA out frtdwi in A'untvi, and ruxas-
FORI TIIKT MUT Bl SCSTAlVin! Th
want the money very much, but they
want to drive freemen out of ' Kansas
monk, aud thoreiore this determine!
Tut "Duct Araicaa". Pitir Soma
editor "up country" has concocted new
name lor tha Uuohatners, which seems
more lhan alighily appropriate, and a rich
rejoinder lo the blnclguardism and im
propriety of styling ihe White man's par
ly " Black Republicans." A: ihoBu-
chanters are in favor of the extension uf
A ft leans over this ooniiiteui. aud boaal so
of their power lo Buck" folks, U would
certainly be peculiarly pertineot to call
moui me "Hue Alrlcans." It woahl
bo more than killinir two bird wilit
a "Cut my straps and lei ma cro to
k.uit, niu uuw.jr., wnoo ne Kisaea bis
Pollr Ann for the first lima.
1 i r. i .. . ... . . .
Sue who mairteea man because
he is a 'good uatoh,' must pot be surpris-
ed if U mm eut Lucirer.' '
,tbr 0f y(,ur j,,,, l)90 ,. ;nU,rala
Lr, t . of
J P'icy ts te.,on re-pecting them. What,
t,en. doe. our own pockets and prospects
mhnA of tta at thi. tim.t -
if you r ikn oornolf, under the neces
sity of earning your 1 live! hood by the
Ji.nn. - j . kw .i . .- .
tl,rai which j, th, onIy thjng c,nneclo,
with the business that paV, ; ,nt if -
trr we cannot pay 91,000,00 to VIS,
000,00 a piece for half a dozen to a dozen
of slaves, simply because we have not
got the "rhino." WH, now, sir. every
one of us can go to the West, and, by the
time we are thirty to thirty-five years
old, be in possession of good farms and
be mcH, and independent. We cannot go
to a Slave 8tate and do that, because we
feel ourselves men worthy of rt'rct, 'and
will tiot submit ourselves lo the contempt
of a white finiered aristorai r b labor-
ing on a level with their negroes. - Let
tha W'esl be made slave territory, . and
our principles, our self respect, and our
poverty, each and all, ' wlli. exclude lis.
If our abliorence of the system would not
prevent our taking part in it, our self re
spect, and our -lack of. large hereditary
lortunes certainly would exclude us from
making homes there. Well, this terriiort
ocas. We rxiD the negro-licking
aristocrats the full value of it, and the fact
is, it is not only ours, but we vxxn il
Why, air, Ohio is filling np very rapidly,
we will be cbowdxd here shorily, and be
sides that, good faims are getting out of
our reach, too valuable for the amount of
our purses, dut. sir, they have robbed
us of this splendid country where we
were going, They hare obbkd us of it
by villai ny.most foul, and Who for? Who
gets our property? A set of proud,
haughty, while handed, scornful aristoc
rats, every one of them able lo invest from
85.000, lo 820,000, in "niggers." A
contemptuous aristocracy wl o have about
as much letpcct for a laboring mau as
they have for a dog, and no more, not
particle. Why, air, go to one of the old
Virginia towns or cities, or even lo towns
in Ohio, settled by them, and seek for the
position your character and your man
hood entitles you to, without money!
You might just as well try to fly to the
moon, and every day you live will be
cursed and embittered by the scorn of an
aristocracy as much inferior to you. in
everything pertaining to hunyn dignitv
anu worm, as iioiteniotls are inferior lo
enlightened men.We will venture thsj
a majority of our reader, will testify to
the truih of this from theirown i xpirience
and observation.. , These are the persons
who take our territory, and who threaten
todissolve the Uniou.and play the dickens
generally if they do not get it.
. What then does our interest demand?
To recover our property; set up the land
marks hewed out by Jefferson, and see
that these invaders get no President lo
rob us in the future; and having secured
that beautiful territory, emigrate to it
and build up competence aod wealth for
A Few Figures To Remember.
Let it be romotubered, that the cost of
the last session of the locofoco legislature
was a fraction over 8100,000,00. Tha:
the cost of the lasi Republican legislature
was 863.000,00, difference of THIRTY
SIX THOUSAND DOLLARS. ,
Let it be remembered, that the deficits
of the last locofoco Administration of the
government. of tho. State was about ONE
MILLION OF DOLLARS. ' '
Let it be remembered, that the Fusion
Legislature paid up this deficit of 8100,
000, 03, abolished the cl 1 loc f oo - ppn
of taxing a man for what huewed as
well as owned, thus reducing the taxable
duplicate kcxaLV o foCrtH. and yet
have assessed no more lo the dollar on this
reduced duplicate, than waa Shsossed before
to the dollar on a duplicate one-fourth
Now,' take the 81,000,000 of embex
Elements, left unpsid by the locofocos,
and add it to their 9,200,000 taxes, and
it gives 810 2J0.0O0 as the actual amount
of iheir expent.es aud embexxlement for
oi e year.
But the'Ttopublichhs pall this 1,000,000,
taking it, off, the Republican levy
where It doos' not belong, 'and who are in
HO ways responsible for it, and it makes
the locofoco expenditures TWO MIL
LIONS more than the Republican, to be
gin with. ... i .
But the Republican duplicate, or turn
returned to levy taxes upon,' is marly
on fourth ht, and as the Uxee are the
same on the dollar, the ctitosnl of th Uvy
is nearly one fourth.or about two millions
less than the locofoco levy, making an ao
lual different of two millions ia Uie k?y,
and a rl difference of FOUR, MIL
LIONS between the expenditures f the
Republicans and locofocos. . -f
j Well, now, how was this effected t . .!
In the fir; place, they did not burden
the people with Stale debts not due, as
did kicofufott. J y j , j
In the aeeond place, they did not sink.
half a milliou in, the Bourd of Publio
Works, aa did A. P. Miller A- Co.
H 31. They did riot swamp a quarter of
a million in tho New Stale House,' a did
E. T. Siickney A Co. .
4ib. They roduced the salary of coun-
V omor ner7 half. In Hamilton
county it ia reduced in Ihe S heriff offioe
ONB 1ZHJU iU UmtfuiAr, m'
To come down to smaller .natters,
Republicans of Fence PAID Til f. I A ,
rillNrEltWKulo ovrr.6 half what ,
was paid by the loi of.'ico. '
Take ihe figures up to June :
Amount paid tor printing, I rear, p W ;'
June lf55 (IcofocoJ. -, . f QSfiS -T
Jus lti6 (Repnolican) . . -J ' 344,34
' , y'lK'''mi'n 1 1 13,1 4
There, gentle reader,; Jou ran tinder'-
stand why the locofoco press is so i j
xious to Jieform. He wants to reforta
the printers bill from tS4l, to about 9 '
lAmttand daVart I , ,.','
So much for tax paying for Ihe present-
We intend lo pursue this rein sgaio, as
it is rich and SuggnstiveoniU 'I
A Few Figures To Remember. THE WAR IN KANSAS.
Statement of a Gentleman Just
from the Seat of War.
To th Editor of th Comm 'trcial:
The war in Kansas lias scarcelr 'beintn. :
Sunday, the 17th, 1 paused in Leaven'
worth. Ultras were issued, on that dar
and the day before, oa'.ling On:. the people -of
M if son it to arouse. Despatches were.-.
sent lo Libertv. Piatle Cut. Delevan J
Mo., etc., calling for men. and oflerinir,:
81 6J per day. Coming immediately
from the reene of war, as I .'o, and knew.-r
ing the.press llioagh which h repoHej '.
cause of present difficulties must come te
be very questionable, I herewith offer u
simple atatemenl ot facts. A military. .
encampment of some 150 Georgians had 1
oeen iccatea near usswaroiriie.' r i'rovis. .
ion wagons coming from Kansas City to,
the Tenitory have been robbed, of Iheir
contents surceasivelv. .H nfin iK.U 1
owners murdered, and teams and 11 ta-.1
ken. Several of these have been traced"
to this camp. On the 9th of Aorusl
this camp was driven' off byV company
of settlers, and fifty stand of arms and a
lot of provisions taken as spoihj. , A sin-',
ilar encampment had been in existance in
Franklin, near Lawrenee ; their opera
tions were mostly in the horse staling line '
a number were stolen in the immediate
vicinity, and refused te be rirenr np. A
number of 150 sellers attsck-d the place;
alter three hours' fiteing, the beksiged
having seven badly wounded, and the1
Free State men one killed and three
wounded, they 'cRpliubWd. 'Their arms
attd provisions Were taken and they ot-
dereil lo leave the Territory.. The report
of ihe braking into and robbing the Post- '
office is absolutely falte.
Facts have been gossly misrepreaen
led in regard to the murder of William.
He was from Missouri, and formerly;
Pro-Slavery, but had lately xpressed .
himself in favor of a. free white Stat.
He passed hard words with one McBaip,
(Pro Slavery.') lie' Was sh'of whilg in
the woods making fails,' and stated, on
his death bed, tLat il Was McBride that'
murdered him. , . , '
Hott, a valuble and peeceably inclined
citizen of Lawrence, while riding pq horse
back in the neighborhood of an eseatnjs
msnt of Southernera, on , Wasbingtotrs
creek, eight miles from Lawrence' on the
ijuj nisi, waa taaen prisoner taken .off.
his horse, and shot some five or six times
throbgh the body. His Lorse and money
weie taken. The citizens of Lawrence'
caiiea upon the United Stales to set in
the mailer. They declined saying, they'
had no aulhoritj; so a company of 150
r ree otaie men coueciea,. determined to
have the murderers; ihey marched io the
camp, when the murderers fled andescap
ed lo Lecompte. The citizens of Lo
compte held as prisoners five men wbo
unsuspectingly came into their plsee.'
They weie deprived of their, teams-aiicf
unlawfully detained. Outiage upuful
raue upon the Free Slate settlers of Kan.
I sas, by .hese marauders and thieves, baa
continued until forbearance las, indeed,
ceased to be virtue. ! ,
O. W. Clahk, Indian Agent, asd the;
miiiilap r, t Tl .1 . ti . . a. ma.a ' T . t T
...u.uc. v.. uwuci, iu mca ven wort ii .
City addressing the people, nd Brginjy
ih people to iwliom- "The lex.iitetneat
was high. ... Resolutions were passed to
theefleot to drive ont annihilate every '
d d Abolitionist, as they termed f it;
to commence in Lea vtn worth City.
One thousand Wfe expected the
next day to' niarch iiito' the Territory,
I'mdi Missouri; 160 of them came in "ny
the morning I left (the ISth.)' "An ex-"1
tensive arid bloody collision,-1 think, un
avoidable. Lamb, with the major part of
his men, are in the Territory, Respeo-
The Free State men have not attacked
Leoompton as charged, have not liberated -the
Free State prisoners.' Tbey have not"
meddled with Ihe United State troops in
any way, but have merely .defended
themselves from the Missouri mauratdero.'
The following is the ' '
Latest from the Kansas Tragedy.
CHICAGO, Aug. 27.
The St. Louis Democrat has th follow-1"
ing statemeuta from Kaosat.; Most shock-'
ing excesses were being perpetrated im-
oug the Free State settlers ttve miles be-i
low Leavenworth. Got. Price haa been
in the disturbed districts and hurried;
home, lourly txpeciic-y dupatclies Jtiom.
the President to order out the. militia of
the State, in event of wkh he would com
manded ia person. Five , hundred meb,
were under arms at Lexington, Ceo. Per
sifer Smith declares he will not interfere
with the Missourians ao long aa thet
continue theif operations upoa Line's
foreee. , . i, ,. v " . . ;. s '
Iwliable jntellijjonee from Lvn worlji
to Saturday, sUUa that the nilwir at Leo-'"
ompton was oocaaioaod by, the capture of
nve Jopesamcn, py a marauding party
of Col litua men. A Ffee Slate" oroe'
proceeded to reiieTa. them. Titus and .!''
men weul ant stealing ; hotste, inljtrea
lod, to tkrf fortified bhiclhomef f -' t
ensued in wich one J-'ree, f .ate 4
Csptaim Chambers, formrl- of , P.icli. -'
1 I ...j: . i ,r
nu.iu, luumiia was Bioriaiiy noouuav.
No otheis killed. Col. Titua was wounded
in three places, and left wilii thriuthe. '
taken prisoners. lie was carried to Liw-
re uce and his wounds dr-ssed. Next! -
.l-- Kl... . . . . i .
mJ UU.UHVU v--V . w , rfTUC4 villi
bve prtooiiMr, arrested oa nnl rrooene
under the territorial laas. Ii .iduteJ, to
reUtase them on condition of tie rrhase cf
litusaad hi fneuds. Tu Free ut
luen insisted, a a further c j. ii.ioul t 1