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URBAN A UNION
VEDSrSDAT EVESIXC, MAY 8!, 18C2.
Terms: One Dollar per anuuin, m adv.nce.
Tlie cheapest and best country paper in Ohio!
J. W. IIoux, Urbana, Ohio.
Tbu Unios of Hort9 the t'ninn of Ilauds ;
The Union of States none can sever ;
The Uuion of Lakes the Union of Lands;
And the Flag of Oi r Union Forever !
The Union Government--Slavery and Confiscation.
The Union Government para
mount right of control over the persons
and the property of every man in the
nation when needed for the puhlie de
fense, or for public use, on the sole con
dition, of making a just compensation
in money, when property is taken. The
Uuion government has no power to free
a slave, but it can command his labour,
as it may command the labor of "other
persons;" and if the proper public au
thority should decide it to be fit and ne
cessary, slaves may be armed, and used
as soldiers for the public defense : and
in such an emergency it is doubtful wheth
er the master would have any claim for
the services of the slave, during the time
lie was so used, or for his value if he
should be killed in battle. But the gov
ernment would have no right to turn the
slave loose at a distant place, when need
ed no longer, but would be bound to re
turn him to his master. The power of
commanding the use of a slave in the
public service, is a power of military
exigency, and Congress can in no way
act upon the matter, so as to direct the
freeing of the slave. They can provide
by law for the forfeiture of property,
as a punishment for treason, and the gov
ernment can order the sciznre of a reb
el's slaves, as a preliminary step in a pro
ceeding to confiscate. But the owner, is
aot divested of his right and title by such
seizure, nor can he be divested without
the sentence of a court on regular trial
had, with " due process of law," and an.
actual sale of the property seized. This
admits of no exception : all pretended
confiscations without a sale are mere
nullities. Law is paramount here, and it
binds the government and the people
From an Old Book.
"In the days of Marcius Antoninus,
there was a rebellion headed by one
Cassius, who had been made General of
the Eouian forces in Syria. Now tho'
Fortune can't change the circumstances
of birth, yet it often puts men upon pro
jects in Genealogy. Cassius was no soon
er mounted in his station, but he began
to bethink himself of drawing a descent
from that old Cassius, who was concern
ed in a plot against Julius C;esar ; for
in' heraldry, the same name oftentimes
makes two-thirds of a proof. Having
founded his pedgree upon this pretense,
lie endeavoured to fortify his claim by a
conformity of manners. Like his pre
tended anccster he valued himself upon
lis inclination to restore the old Liberty;
and used to hint that if the Gods would
Lot countenance a good cause, the Cassii
would set up the commonwealth as high
as ever. This aversion heightened by a
vast ambition, and brought to an expec
tation by some knavish fortune tellers,
broke out in the reign of Antoninus, and
Cassius tho' then very young formed a
eonvpiracy against him. Cassius raised a
ehain-report of Antoninus's death and
had himself proclaimed Emperor in his
etead. But he had very ill success and
after three months and six days from his
first revolt, his visionary reign concluded
and the usurper was killed by two of his
" 'When Faustina, the Emperor's wife
had received the news of Cassius's death,
the wrote to her husband, urging rigor
ous punishment of the conspirators. The
Emperor wrote to her in reply as fol
I have read your letter over and
over again, in which you advise me to
Kankh the Cussian Rebels. But for my
part, I am resolved to pardon Cassius's
wife and children, and son-in-law and
am now going to write to the Senate, to
jersuade them to moderate their rigors
and not to" make too many traitors,, for
there is nothing that recommends a Ko
inan Emperor so much as his clemency ;
could this war have ended, as I would
have it, even Cassius should not have
lost his life. Ne'er disturb yourself, for
the Gods who love my clemency, will be
sure to protect me.
" I shall now give the readers his let
ter to the Senate upon this occasion.
My Lords : You have voted my
Son-in-law, Pompeianus, Consul, as a tes
timony of your satisfaction for my suc
cess : indeed his years deserved this how
ever, long since, had not persons of ex
traordinary merit, appeared against him :
tad where the State was so much indebt
ed Ivas but reasonable to discharge the
obligation. As to Cassius's revolt, I
entreat and conjure yoa to waive the
usual severity ia such cases and let mc,
or rather yourselves, not suffer in the char
acter of clemency, by condemning any
person to death. Let none of the Senate
be punished; let no noble blood be drawn;
recall the banished, and let those under
forfeiture, enjoy their estates: and I
heartily wish it was in my power to bring
the dead to lite again and fetch the m out
of their graves ; for I dout love an Em
peror should take revenge for hinvtclf :
This method, tho' never so defensible, is
generally interpreted as ovcr-rigoreus.
For these reasons, I concladc, you will
be willing that Cassius's wife, children
and son-in-law shall have their pardon.
Let them live undisturbed, and be sensi
ble they live under the reign of Marcus
Antoninus. Let their estate, their money
and their furniture be restored ; let them
be rich and ca?y, and go where they
please, and wherever they move let them
carry the marks of your clemency and
mine about them.
" 'My Lords it is no great instance of
goodness to pardon the wives and chil
dren of those attainted : I desire you
would do something more for my sake,
than this comes to. Protect, I beseech
3Tou, those Senators and gentlemen con
cerned in the plot from executions and
forfeitures, from fear and infamy, and
from all sorts of injury and disadvantage
whatsoever, and let it be the peculiar
happiness of my administration, that no
rebel who lost his life in a skirmish or
tumult may be thought ill dealt with."
Thus saith an old book, written by
Moiis. Dacier, and imprinted London,
mdccxxvi. But Marcus Antoinus was
only a Pagan, and his example and opin
ions arc no fitting guide for a Christian
The Loyal Man.
The American citizen who has yield
ed a true obedience to the laws, has liv
ed under his government in such quiet,
and so little sence of internal force that
he has scarcely ever thought of loyalty
as a thing applied to himself. Misled by
the false definition given of it personal
adhesion to one's prince or sovereign
he has been wont to regard it as some
thing slavish, and as pertaining to men
in other countries rather than to himself.
When he found his country involved in
war, with foreign countries, and himself
called on, to forego his party and sup
port the government, he has been apt to
regard the demand as a party trick to
silence opposition to party measures.
But when he sees his government threat
ened with internal destruction and with
armed resistance by his own people, he
then finds, that loyalty is due from him;
due not to the person who holds execu
tive power, but to the majesty of law
the impersonation of public security.
The true Loyal man knows no party,
but that which maintains tho government-power
for the preservation of the
government the Union. lie hears and
obeys ; not only obeys, but gives sup
port to government as the instrument of
order. In such a time, there is no mid
dle course between loyalty aud treasons;
he turns away from maintaining para
mount law, he has turned his face in the
way of rebellion.
But while loyalty requires adhesion
government, against rebellion, it does
not brook any violations of law by the
government itself nor any exercise of
unwarranted power. The right of pro
test is sacred ; the enforcement of protest
against unlawful act is loyalty. The
man who gives countenance to unlawful
acts in the pretended support of govern
ment is himself untrue; if he yields
obedience to void laws, be betrays his
country. Between the true and the false
there can be no choice : he must main
tain the right, or be connives at wrong.
While he thus maintains himself in con
scious right, and supports the true law of
the land, and follows the ways of law to
vindicate it, he is the true loyal man ;
and whoever dares to charge him with
treason is himself a traitor whether
he speak on the floor of a Senate, or de
nounces under cover of the Press ; and
whatever may be his partizan pretense,
his alleged devotion to the country if
he seeks to attain unlawful ends by un
lawful means and to do it on the name of
government, he. is an insidious betrayer
and not a true citizen : he is not a lyoal
The "Abolishment" in a New Form.
Among all the men of might who have
sought distinction in this war, as we cull
none are likely to be so notorious as
Major Gen. Hunter who has been placed
command of the Southern Department.
He has startled the world with a procla
mation declaring freedom to all slaves in
the States of South Carolina, Georgia and
Florida, because martial law has been
declared to exist therein, aud because
slavery and martial laic arc incompatible
with each other in a free country. The
measure was so matchless for its audaci
ty aud folly that the proclamation was
generally regarded as a hoax. And the
President of the United States, altho'
compelled to take notice of it, has evi
dently been ' in doubt whether it was
genuine. But as he has in other instan
ces had mjlancholy experience of the
tendency of commanders to commit like
follies, he has hastened to avert the bad
effects of such a step. In this he has
acted wisely, and declared the pretended
act a nullity. There is no such power
known to martial law, not jven in Mr.
Lincoln, as the chiefest Commander-in-Chief.
In another column of this paper,
we had .already stated the law on this
subject, before this proclamation appear
ed. The commander has unlimited con
trol of the slaves within his reach, both
as persons and property, if needed for
the public use. but not the slightest pow
er over the relation of master and serv
ants, as a matter of civil and municipal
law. We commend the promptness of
Mr. Lincoln's present act of abatement.
We do not subscribe to the pretension
he sets up and reserves to; himself of
having a like power in some future contingency.
Agriculture in Congress.
AVE have had for some years a free
seed store in the Patent office', and now
it has grown to the full proportions of a
Department with a special superintend
ent: And Mr. Senator Wade is car
rying thro' a bill to give to each State
30,000 acres of land for the establish
ment of Agricultural Colleges. There
is no demand for such institutions, there
are no competent Professors and Teach
ers to conduct them, and if they existed
in full supply, there are no large classes
of pupils seeking such instruction. The
grants will make so many State jobs
first a set of agents to select the lands
and to sell them, a set of Trustees to
manage the colleges and a set of an
nual reports with great expectations from
the future and little performance from
The Patent office has expended large
sums in purchasing seeds but is not in
trodueing anything new, and has only
changed the mode of actions. Instead of
the country having all such productions
thro' the enterprise of private dealers,
they are now dispensed under the frank
of Congressmen, as complements to their
friends and supporters. The Fatent Of
fice Beport has become an advertising
sheet for persons who write accounts of
their new grapes or of old ones renam
ed, and of strawberries, sought to be
brought into notice for sale. Perhaps
some public spirited man will project and
establish under act of Congress a great
National Forge to settle the form of
Horse Shoes. Multiply the duties of
government, men will be found, ready
and willing to fill the places.
Suppression and Partizan Colorring.
TnE anxiety of the people to have
early news from the army in these stir
ring times, causes a very large sale of
daily city papers, along the routes of all
railroads during the day of their issue.
Advantage is taken of this anxiety by
the publishers to foist upon their readers
a deal of stuff in the shape of news,
warped from the srtaight line of truth to
suit a partisan purpose. Conspicuous
in this system of malign perversion is
the Cincinnati Gazette, which retains a
news agent at Washington, who is com
plimented by the Cincinnati Commercial
as being a bitter partisan. This same
Cincinnati Commercial publishes a du
plicate copy of the same letter daily, and
compounds for the bad quality of the let
lers by saving the expense of indepen
dent truth. It is most devoutly to be
wished that the war was over if only to
cheek the circuhtion of these panders;
to falsehood and abridge their powers of
We here give a specimen. On the 13th
May the Cincinnati Gazette contained the
following account (telegraphic) of Senate
proceedings on the preceding day:
" The resolutiou to adjourn May lDth
Mr. Davis of Ky., moved to insert
June 2d. He said the Senate had better
adjourn before passing any more uncon
stitutional laws, which he should advise
his constituents to resist.
Mr. Wilson of Massachusetts, charged
him with treasonable sentiments.
Mr. Davis said Mr. Wilson had not un
derstood his words.
The resolution of adjournment was laid
on the table."
The " special despatch" to the Cincin
nati Gazette of same day, contained the
Garrett Davis was brought up with a
round turn this morning, in the course
of a discussion of a motion to adjourn on
the second day of June. He had said
Congress had passed acts during this ses
sion, which are unconstitutional and un
wise, and which will be resisted by the
whole white population of Kentucky, and
such as he would counsel his people to
resist by every mode of resistance they
Mr. Davis denied that he used these
words, but they were thus taken down by
the Globe reporter.
Mr. llson raised the point of order
that the language was treasonable. He
was severe on Mr. Davis, and the matter
was apparently much enjoyed by the
In a subsequent speech Mr. Davis ex
plained his position to mean that every
citizen could decide as to the consitution
ality of laws, and resist them if he be
lieved them unconstitutional until the
question should be decided by the Su
preme Court, and taking the responsibili
ty of his action.
Mr. Howard raised the point that in a
previous speech, Mr. Davis had preached
mutiny in the army, in the contingency
of the passage of a confiscation bill. Mr.
Davis denied that he meant more than
that if the question were referred to the
armies, they'd vote no. Finally Mr.
Fesscndcn, in his most skillful manner,
finished Mr. Davis."
Mr. Garret Davis dares to be conscrva
tiveand so heis thesteady object of assault
by the Destructives who would feign be
considered exclusive Unionists. We laid
aside the above and waited for the truth
in the National Intelligencer, and here
Mr. Davis called up the joint resolu
tion of the House fixing the third Mon
day in May for the adjournment of Con
gress. Messrs. Wilson, of Massachusetts, and
Fessenden suggested the impropriety of
considering it at this time, with import
ant measures pending.
Mr. Davis said there was too much
legislation, and he wished to avoid the
passage of mischievous laws. Acts had
been passed that were unconstitutional,
iniquitous, and unwise, and which would
be resisted by the whole white popula
tion of Kentucky, and he would advise
the people to resist them.
Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts : I call
the gentleman to order for uttering treas
onable sentiments on the floor of the
Mr. Davis. Oh, the gentleman does
not know the meaning of tre-ison.
The Chair (Mr.. Sherman) called the
Senator to order.
Mr. Wilson committed his point of or
der to writing.
Mr. Davis explained; complaining of
misstatement ot language.
Mr. Wilson appealed to the record of
the omnia! reporter; which was read.
Mr. Howard called the attention of
the Senator of Kentucky to certain pas
sages in his late speeches in a similar
Mr. Davis complained of misconstruc
tion of his language, and a mutual con
tradiction resulted, with a mutual beg
ging of pardon for the discourtesy.
M. Fessenden did not think the gen
tleman from Kentucky meant resistance
by arms, for he was daily counselling the
putting down of rebellion. It was not
a war of rebellion, or a war of litigation,
but a war of words, daily encountered
here, always expected, resulting in little
harm. The majority would govern at
any rate, and the minority would sub
mit with a good grace.
The resolution was rejected.
Our readers will thus see how little
reliance can be placed on the Cincinnati
Gazette, with it's special.
We are indebted to Hons. John Sher
man, S. Shellabarger, S. S. Cox and oth
ers for interesting documents.
The President's proclamation in re
gard to Hunter's prononciament gives sat
isfaction to the people everywhere.
The Greatest "Slave" Hunter. Gen'l
The Mayor of New Orleans should be
sent to Fortress Monroe !
WnAT the Norfolkians came near get
ting. A General Wool-inar.
Uncle Sam's kindness to New Or
leans. Sending his famous Butler and
best Porter there.
Since McClcllan's victories and the
destruction of the Merrimac, we have
a Merry Mac while the rebels haven't
Proclamation by President.
WASHINGTON, May 19.
By the President of iht United States:
Whereas, There appears in the public prints
what purports to be a proclamation of Mnjor
General Hunter; and whereas, the same is
producing some excitement and misunder
standing, therefore I, Abraham Lincoln, Presi
dent of the United States, proclaim and de
clare that the Government of the United
States, had no knowledge or belief of an in
tention on the part of Gen. Hunter to issue
such a proclamation, nor has it yet any au
thentic information that the document is gen
uine ; and further, that neither Gen. Himter
nor any other commander or person has been
authorized by the Government of the United
States to make proclamation declaring the
slaves of any Statu free; and that the suppos
ed pioclamation now in question, whether
genuine or false, is altogether vid so far us
respects such declaration.
I furthermore make known "that whether
it be competent for me as Coniniander-iti Chief
of the army and navy to declara the slaves ot
any State or States free, and whether at any
time, or in any case it shall have become a
necessity indispensable to the maintenance ot
the Government to exercise such supposed
power, are questions which, under my respon
sibility I reserve to myself, and which I can
not feel justified in leaving to the decision of
commanders in the field. These are totally
different questions from those of police regula
tions in armies and camps.
On the 4th day of March last, by a special
message, I recommended to Congress the
adoption of a joint resolution to be substantial
ly as follows :
Resolved, That the United States ought to
cooperate with any State which may adopt a
gradual abolishment of slavery, giving to such
States, in its discretion, compensation for the
inconveniences, public and private, produced
by such changes of system.
The resolution in the language above quot
ed, was adopted by a large majority in both
branches of Congress and now stands an au
thentic, definite and solemn . proposal of the
nation to the States and people most interest
ad in the subject-matter.
To the people of these States now I earnest
ly appeal I do not argue. I beseech you to
make the arguments for yourselves ; you can
not if you would, be blind to the signs of the i
times. I beg of you a calm and enlarged
consideration of them, ranging, if it may be,
far above personal and party politics. This
proposal makes a common course for a com
mon object, casting no reproaches upon any.
It acts not like the Pharisee. The change it
contemplates would come gently as the dews
of heaven, not rending or wrecking anything.
Will you not embrace it? So much good has
not been done by one effort in all past time,
as in the providence ol God, it is now your
high privilege to do. May the vast future not
have to lament that you have neglected it
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set
my hand and caused the seal of the United
States to be annexed done at the City of
Washington this l'Jlh day, of May, in the
year ol our Lord 18C2, mid of the Indepen
dence of the United States the SGth. (Signed)
President of the United States.
WM. H. SEWARD, Sec'y of State.
The gunboat engagement with Fort Dar
ling, on the James river, appears to have been
severely contested on both sides. The Ga
lena suffered considerably; her armor was
penetrated readily by rifled shot. The Moni
ter was uninjured. Commodore Goldsboro has
gone up the river with a formidable fleet, ta
king with him several mortar boats. The
first expedition up, though repulsed at Fort
Darling, was important as a reconnoisance,
and effectually cleared the river of all batter
ies and skulking rebels, as far up as the fort.
It is very doubtful whether the fort will be
able to hold out against the second expedition.
Letter from an Officer in Twenty-Sixth Ohio.
Camp, on Battle Field, near (3 miles) 1
PiTTSBcr.cii Landing, Tsnn.,
April 17, 1862. J
(We continue our extract from these in
teresting letters. The portion given in our
last number had brought the Regiment after
its long aud hurried march, to the battle field,
a few hours after the conflict was otot.)
" Just before we got ready to march on,
one of my men whom I had put under arrest,
a day or two before, for disobedience of orders
on the march, but whose release I had order
ed, when we expected to go into battle, came
upr but without a gun, or arms of any kind
his gun having been taken from him, when
he was arrested and put in the wagon which
had failed to keep up with us. As he had no
arms, I inclined to leave him with the knap
sacks, but he begged so hard to go out to the
fight that I told him to fall in and supply him
self with the first arms he could find on the
field ; and before going far ho had picked up
a good Enfield rifle, bayonet and cartridge
Everything being ready the brigade moved
off to the front, in column of companies first,
and afterwards by platoons: the music playing
and the ranks well dressed, for though the
men or boys rather for boys the majority
of them arc were excited with the prospect
of the ac'.ion which they thought they were
iroing into, the movements were all made
with as much regularity as on drill. We had
marched but a short distance before coming on
abundant evidences of the great battle, trees
scarred and riddled by shot, the ground strewn
with fragments of arms and accoutrements,
clothing, shot, bayonets, harness, and the dead
bodies of horses and men. I shall never for
get the scene, and I could wish never to gee
such another. Tho sight of the first dead,
sobered the boys, so that there was less talk
ing bat produced bo other effect except on
two of the men, great stout fellows, among
the biggest men in the company, who turned
sick and fell out of ranks, and did not find us
again till next day. We marched on, some
three or tour miles : the signs of the contest
growing thicker, as we advanced particularly
in the open spaces. Finally, after getting out
towards the edge of the field of battle and be
yond the cimps of those of our regiments that
had occupied it, we were ordered to halt and
stack arms and await further orders ; and here
or within a few rods of here, as it turned out,
we remainod for some ten days, without tents
or other shelter until we picked up enough
old flyes and tents to cover most of us, and
some of us without blankets or overcoats.
This was my condition. I had laid out a
blanket and an India rubber blanket to carry
with me but Morris packed them up again and
put them in the wagon before he knew my
intention. So I had nothing but my ordinary
clothing. The first night I established my
quartern on top of a seeesh caisson which had
been left by the enemy near where our com
pany was halted. This caisson by the way,
wa3 made in Memphis and -ts a most sub
stantial and well made piece of work, and the
ammunition bags were, I doubt not, made by
the fair ladies of that city ; for instead of bti:ig
of the usual red flannel, they were neatly
made of all sorts of handsome merino and oth
er materials of ladies wear. On the iron plated
top of this ammunition wagon I slcjt pretty
comfortably, till it began to rain when I got
vnder the wagon, but not finding this much
of a protection, I went into a tent in the ad
joining company and stood up in a crowd of
wet and sleepy soldiers till I was so tired and
sleepy that I went to the Col's, tent a little
shelter made out of an old fly, to see if there
was room there to sit down out of the rain.
There proved to be room not only to sit down
but to lie down beside the Col. who made me.
take part of his blanket and I wassoon aleep
though I did'nt get dry till next day. Next
day was as rainy and dismal as the night was,
and about 8 o'clock we were ordered to march
back to where we left the knapsacks, and bring
them up, which we accomplished by 12 or
1 o'clock though the walking was terribly
muddy. It cleared up in the afternoon, how
ever, so that we slept out, without incon
venience except that it was rather cold. The
orderly sergeant having got his knapsack, of
fered to share his blanket with me which I
gladly accepted, though it was hardly big
enough for both of us. The next night the
whole brigade was sent out on picket ; to
gether with a large force of cavalry, forming
a chain along the front of the camp, or rather
our part of it, some two miles in advance, and
after getting the regiments in position, posting
one company from each Sam Hamilton's and
ours in advance as sentinels, and sending out
the cavalry beyond them, the men were al
lowed to stack arms and lie down behind
thtm, being first cautioned to observe silence.
In ten minutes the whole force except a few
officers and men left up, some on watch, and
some like myself from choice, was stretched
out on the ground wrapped in the blankets, per
fectly quiet, and to all appearances fast asleep.
I remained up till midnight or after. I did'nt
rtant to sleep and it. was too cold to lie down,
so Bill Baldwin and I, and part of the time
some other officers, walked up and down the
road talking. The principal subject of conver
sation seemed to be Urbana and the relative
merits of lile here and theie. The weight of
opinion seemed to be in favor of the latter
especially as the night advanced and got cold
er. About midnight I got so tired and sleepy
I laid down and went to sleep. I had an old
(secesh') blanket which one of the men picked
up ou the battle field and gave to Morris, that
was'nt over clean and had several holes in it.
I would have been rather suspicious ol it and
declined to use it if I could have afforded to
do so, but as there was nothing but that or
lying on the ground without any, or standing
up all night, there was no chance to be fastid
ious. In fact the facilities for being particular
about things being clean are very limited in
Twice during the night we were disturbed
by false alarm and I have seen few more strik
ing and picturesque sights than the springing
up of the whole regiment from the ground at
a moment's warning. Not a word wasspoken
that could be heard ten yards off. Nothing
but a low '' get up" and the blankets com
menced flying as the men threw them off and
in two minutes or less there was a regiment
of men standing, where hardly one could have
been seen before. It reminded me of Roderick
Dhu's host called up from the mountain side.
The first alarm way caused by the return of
one of our cavalry pickets which the sentinel
did not understand. The men had just laid
down and were instantly aroused, but the
matter was soon explained and they laid down
again. The next alarm was after I had gone
to sleep. My first sergeant, a steady l eliable
fellow whom I had left on watch, shook me
and told me they were getting up. Jumping
up and into ranks I could plainly see in the
open woods ISefare us three or four men stand
ing ani occasionally moving about What or
who they were, we didn't know and for sev
eral minutes we stood still, they looking at us
and we looking at them. It soon turned out
that they were some of our own advanced
pickets who had come in where they were not
expected and caused the men on. guard- to
rouse the whole regiment The promptness
with which the regiment got into ranks both
times ta least showed that we were net like'y
to be surprised. Soon after daylight we went
in to camp, and I had hardly got my break
fast when I was ordered to get my company
ready and go out on picket again as the detaij
from our regiment. Got ia from picket next'
morning (Saturday) and next day (Sunday) the
regiment had to march to the river again about
three miles after rations, which there was no
other way of getting out except by carrying
on the backs of the men. The same opera
tion had to be repeated on Tuesday. On
Thursday (17th) our baggage and tents came,
and in a short time there was a perfect erup
tion of clean 6hirt and fine clothes on the
backs of the officers. I came out with a white
shirt and the fellows halloed at me.
I took advantage of the first afternoon after
I got jlbme clothes to wear to go and see some
frieudf in other divisions and for this purpose
after making an elaborate toilet with the white
shirt above alluded to, paper shirt collar and
getting my shoes blacked I borrowed a horse
at the quartermaster's. Capt Sam Daviess,
of Dayton, who is on Gen. McCook's staff
had sent me word to come over and tee him
and I did so.
After stopping a while and taking dinner
with the General's staff, I rode on to Gen.
Sherman's division to see Dr. Hartshorn whom
I found looking very well, and as natural a
ever. He was very glad to see me as I was
te tee him, and gave me some very interest
ing accounts of the battle and concerning
Gen. Sherman, and ether officers. He has a
very high opinion of Gen. Sherman (W. T.
Sherman, formerly in chief command in Ky),
and I think justly, from what 1 6aw and heard
of him. lie is a very pleasant gentleman, and
seeing to be a man of great determination and
courage and I have no doubt of considerable
ability. The doctor says Gen. Grant wrote
the Secretary of War that it wag dae to Sher
man that our forces were enabled to hold out on
the first day of the battle till Buell came up,
and recommended him ior- Major General
By the General'g and the Doctor's invitation
I stayed for supper, and toon after got on my
horse and furnished with the countersign star
ted out to find my way back to camp. Now
this same camp is of all places I ever saw, the
hardest place to find ones way through, even
in daylight, and about the only place I ever
saw that I did not seem to acquire more
knowledge of the localities of, in a similar space
of time. When you reflect that it it in effect
a city nearly as large as Cincinnati, set down
in the woods and fields, possessing all the be
wildering and be-losing qualities of a large
city and a large woods and without the promi
nent land works of a city, for the camps all look
pretty much alike you will understand the
difficulty of finding one's way about it. But
as I only had to follow along the front line of
tents in our line, I thought I would have no
difficulty, and struck out boldly. I had not
gone far, when I brought up against the pick
et rope of a cavalry regiment, nd had to make
quite a detour to get round it I still thought
however that I had a clear idea of the direc
tion in my head, and pushed on. Pretty goon
I found myself in McClernand's Division and
after blundering round awhile rode into an
Illinois regiment and asked the Major to show
me the way to Woods Division. He pointed
out the direction ; showed me some stars to
steer my course by and told me that course
would take me he thought where I wanted to
go. I steered tint course as near as I could
for some time when I came to a large camp
lighted up directly in front of me, and hailed
tome men to know whose division it was.
" Sherman's Division," was the reply, the very
one I had left half an hour before. Under the
circumstances I thought the best thing I could
do was to go back and stay all night with the
doctor and try it in the morning which I ac
cordingly did. The General told me I could'nt
find the way at night, and had better stay
with them till morning.
The Mobile papers report that on the night
of the ninth the rebels set fire and destroyed
the navy yard and fort at Pcnsacola, and tore
up the railroad track. Fi rt Pickens opened a
furious cannonade upon them, and continued
it for hours. The rebels assert that nobody
was hurt, and apparently think they did a
noble work, although, when they feared such
an event from our troops a few mouth since,
they denounced it in advance as atrocious
vandalism. Our troops will occupy the town.
A dispatch from Williamsburg announces
that four of tne National gunboats ascended
the James River, within seven miles of Rich
mond, on Friday, where they had a long fight
with Fort Darling, and then retired. It was,
we presume, merely a reconnoisance on the
part of the boats. Our dispatches say the fort
mounts one hundred guns, and occupies- a
formidable position on a high bluff. This cor
respondent thinks that the Galena could not
liave been there, as she draws too much water
to navigate the river at that point A large
gun on the Naugatuck exploded the first shot.
The fight was very obstinate, but the rebel
fortifications stood eo high that the guns of
Monitor could not be elevated to reach them.
Our loss was 13 killed and 11 wounded. The
river is now clear to within eight miles of
Tiik Nashville Union estimates the ship
ments of cotton from that port down to the
1st inst. at 2,918 bales, and since that date at
C34 bales. The whole amount shipped since
March 11th is not less than 2 900 bales. Il
is thought the amount will exceed 18,000
bales, which at present prices ,will bring
Representative Dawes, of Massachusetts,
has introduce! a bill fixing the Tuesday after
the first Monday in November, for Congres
sional elections in all States beginning this
The New York Leader, a Democratic pa
per, which favors the resuscitation of that
organization, thinks Vallandigham the re-
jputed author of the " Address'' tooj heavy a
load to carry, and advises that he be left out.
To the People of Champaign.
'W republish, for the benefit of those wh
may not hmve seen the first number of tbw
Union, out Salutatory " fee which we ask.
a careful reading. Our friend in various
Townships will oblige by procuring and for
warding lists of subscribers at once:;
The Publisher of the URB ANA UNION'
issues this first number, without previous an
nouncement, as a Newspaper for the people ofi'
Champaign county. The present number is
distributed, without charge to those who may
receiveit the future numbers will be sent only
to those who shall have ordered it as subscrib
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be hod by new subscribers.
The price is placed at One Dollar a year,
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and at this rate less than twe cents a week .
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The paper ie not in the interest of any
party, nor is it meant o be identified with
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will have very distinct pinions on all publics
questions connected with overnment, wheth
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The Constitution and The Laws Without re
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An immense amount of property hat been
destroyed by fire, at various point in the East,
within the last few days. Boston suffered to
the amount of $200,000 on Monday night
pEOSPECTUS FOB THE TEAS 188.
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CINCHTNATI, HAMILTON & DAYTON RAIL
ROAD. Trains run as follows, SUNDAYS excepted:
Dayton and Sandusky Mail ..MU1.M. (!:4i P.M.
Dayton, Toledo and Detroit . .6:00 A. M. 9:40 P.M.
f in. & Chicago Air-Line Ex. 7:SD A. M. fc-H) P.M.
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The Eastern Night Express leaves Sunday Night in
place of Saturday night.
terrains uoon Little Miama and Cincinnati A
Xeniaand. Cincinnati, Hamilton A Dayton Railroads
runs seven mikvtks fasten than Cincinnati time.