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Uil DAN AUi -j
WEIE.SU1Y EVKMXS AIGIST i, ISiii.
Terms: Oiiff Dollar por annum, hi advance.
TUa cheapest and best country paper in OUIo!
J. W. Uotx, Urbana, Ohioi.
Thk Cxios of Hearts the Union of IlanJs
The Union of States none can sever;
The Union of Lakes the Union of Lands;
And the Flaq of Ocb Usion Forever!
Tnn Crbana Csioj Us a newspaper for Hie
people of Champaign county. It is not in tbc
interest of any party, nor is it meant to be Wen-1
tifled with the interest of any party, because it
win not De ietiereo. n v. m wu uc i.-i
that rneans-tim? sen in? timidity. It will have
very distinct opinions on all public questions
connected with government, whether Union,
8Ute, or County: and on the expression of opin
ions it will have but one guide, a strict adher
enee to law. It will snpport .the Constitution
and the Laws, without regard to platforms or to
War and General News of Week
ENDING AUG. 19, 1862.
The armies of Virginia are now the
objects of interest. The Eebels uuder
Jackson have crossed the liapidan and
fallen back to Gordonsville ; all the Di
visions under Gen. Pope are concentrat
ing to that point. McClellan has with
drawn his forces from James Eiver and
marched by hnd in the same direction,
first sending his transports down the
James IUvjr and thence passing up the
Bay for entrance to another stream not
yet developed. The show ke kad made
of crossing the James River and moving
towards the south side Railroads, had
the effect of causing the Richmond ene
mies to send large forces in that direc
tion, while ke kas come tke otker way.
The rebel Ram Arkansas was in fact
destroyed as reported. Baton Rouge
was attacked as rumored and for a time
with success, but they did not hold the
A new foray is made into Kentucky
under Morgan, and there will be much
damage done. Before troops from this
side can reach the scene, the incursion
will be over", and the assailants gone.
Gen. Hunter's negro Brigade' has been
disbanded, and the red breeches ran
scampering away with many antics.
The new armor clad vessels are draw
ing near to completion and several of
them will soon sail.
Col. Corcoran and Col. Wilcox so long
detained in the South and held as host
ages have been finally released. Tbey
kave reached Washington.
The Secretary at War kas issued a
new order wkick utterly forbids tke ap
pointments of any officer now in tke vol
unteer army from being appointed to the
command of a new regiment an order
most eminently foolish and pernicious
uut .iiuS "'l' - -
in tne vino vuhsuiuuuu nuiuu iciuuca
a field full of conscripts just driven in,
to fall to, and elect a set of officers from
Lieutenants to Major Generals.
ii . -vi - n ir...i:. .i :v.
Senator Mason Resigned.
The lion, damson Mason, the Senator
of this District, has resigned his seat
and publisked an address to the people of
the District assigning his reasons. As he
holds it to be a violation of tke Okio
Constitution for tke General Assembly
to kold an extra special session on tkeir
own adjornment, ke resigns kis place tkat
the electors may determine whether
they will ke represented in that unlaw
ful session, as he deems it.
This does not seem to be a very prac
ticable mode of settling the question of
constitutionality. For if nine tenuis of
the voters agreed in opinion with Mr.
Mason, that the session will ke void and
in violation of law, they could only show
it by refusing to vote. If tke remaining
tenth, should attend and vote for an eli
gible person, tkat person would be law
fully ckosen, and would be admitted as a
senator. And if the qrestion were made
to the Senate itself, on the presentation
of his credentials, it would not meet w ith
much success before the body which kad
already concurred in the adjournment.
Still, if Mr. Mason thinks that it would
be a violation of his oath to sit during
an unlawful session he does very right
to resign and let another be chosen.
We do not concur in opinion with Gen.
Mason, that the extra session is unlaw
ful. The Constitution certainly contem
plates biennial sessions. But if the Gen
eral Assembly shall believe and so de
termines that the public interest requir
es of them to meet again tke next win
ter, it would be their duty to meet. It
id not to be assumed that they kave want
only made pretexts for the adjournment.
The Se-retary of the War Depart
ment has issued orders for tke arrest of
all persons wko make opposition to tke
enlistment of men to serve in tke armies.
Several gentlemen, wko kave made ex
periments in that way have found them
selves distinguished by a lodgment in
Home of our fort3 and strongholds. There
is another pestilent class who go about
talking down our Generals and criticis
ing the campaigns, who might be made
useful in some other way. It is suggest
ed to Mr. Stanton that he kave these
men seized and sent to 'tke army. It
would not be advisable to arm them, for
thev would be- apt to skulk and throw
av.'ay tkoir gti ; but they might carry
water for the Darkeys while they are
"Guanling Rebel Property."
WE have a class of Patriots who kave
been muck shocked that our soldiers
should Lc occupied in guarding rebel
properly. The original r-cmiplaiut kas
doubtless come from persons in the army
who felt that there was too much restraint
upon their propensities to appropriate :
it has been echoed and clamored about
at home until the clamor has been yield
! ed to, and here is a picture of the result
; already, as was foretold before the prac
i tiee commenced. A correspondent of
the New York " World" writes from
Culpepper, C. II., under date of July 31:
The Army of Virginia lias undergone a
marked change in a very important particular.
The new usage which has been instituted in
regard to protection of rebel property and
Uie purpose ol tlie government to suusisi me
army as fur as practicable upon the enemy's
rxntntrv, has produced a decided revolution
n tie fee!ingg alJI, prac.tices of the soldiery,
and one w hich seems to me very much to be
regretted. Unless these innovations are guard
ed by far more slringen safeguards against
irregular and unauthorized plundering, we
shall let loose upon the country at the close
of the war a torrent of uubi idled and unscru
pulous robbers. Rapid strides toward villainy
have beeu made during the last few weeks.
Men who at home would have shuddered at
the suggestion of touching another's property,
now appropriate remorselessly whatever
come wiihin their reach. Thieving, they
imagine, has now become an authorized
practice, and, under the show of subsisting
themselves, chickens, turkeys, hams, and
corn have become a lawful plunder, with
little discrimination as to the character or cir
cumstances of the original owner.
In a state of society where civil law has
been laid aside, and military power exercises
but an irregular and partial sway, men's con
sciences are not remarkably sensitive. Re
straints innumerable control the propensities
of men at home, w hich here at the wars are
entirely inactive, and a very mild opiate is
sufficient to give quietude to the conscience
of many a soldier when a chicken, pig, ham,
or other luxury tempts his gustatories. These
new orders seem to be just that opiate, and
thev have carried many a hitherto honest
man over the dam, and made those who were
before sonifwhat predatory in their habits,
open, unblushing rascals.
It is to me a very serious and unfortunate
state of facts when soldiers will rush in crowds
upon the smoke-house of a farmer, and each
quarrel with the Other to get the first and
greatest share. I blush when I state that on
the march through a section of country, every
spring house is broken open, and butter, milk,
eggs and cream are engulphed, almost before
the place is readied by the men. Calves and
sheep, and, in fact, anything and everything
serviceable for meat or drink, or apparel, are
not safe a moment af.er the approach of the
army. Even things apparently useless are
snatched up, because, it would seem, many
nieu love to steal.
At a place where I not long ago spent a
night, scarcely an article to which the fertili
ty of a soldier could suggest the slightest use
remained to the owner upon the following
morning. There had been soldiers there, you
might wager. Tans, kettles, dishcloths, pork,
poultry, provisions, and everything desirable
had disappeared. The place was stript, and
without auy proce s o! commissary or quar-
. .t A fumill. IMOttoKta f.f C113-.
lei uia;c-i. iauy a (uvot-ulu ..j
,i,pci;M:r.st lost hx-idenrived of all
-"'"a o '
I not long ago saw a dozen soldiets rushing
headlong through a field, each anxious to get
the first choice of three horses shading them
selves quietly under a tree. The animals
made their best time into the farthest corner
ot the field with the men close upon them ;
and the foremost ones caught their prizes and
bridled them as if they bad a perfect immu
nity in such sort of things. A scene follow
ed. A young lady came out and besought
the soldiers not to take her favorite pony.
The soldiers were remorseless and unyielding,
and the pony Ls now in the army.
I know a case where a family were just
seating themse'ves to supper. Soldiers came
that way, and going in, swallowed every
thing. That was not all but whatever in
doors and out of doors the soldiers wanted
was readily appropriated, and the proprietor
of the place told me sorrowfully that they
had ruined him he never could now get out
of debt. I hardly regretted his misfortunes
fo much on his own account as for the influ
ence of this thieving upon the soldiers. I
was really gratified to hear his little boy say,
" Pap savs now he wouldn't vote the secess
ion ticket again if he had the chance." Ilis
patriotism was evidently drawing too heavily
upon his fortunes, and I was rejoiced to find
him in an inquiring state of mind. But un
less a check is given to this promiscuous and
unauthorized plundering, the discipline and
value of the army will be destroyed, and
when the enlistments have expiried we shidl
let loose a den of thieves upon the country,
And so these practices are going on until I
believe, if it is not checked, we shall unfit
the men to be soldiers now or cilizens hereaf
ter. Such has been the influence of these
new orders this new way of dealing with
the rebels. The Government has decided to
subsist the army from the enemys country,
and to give no safeguards to disloyal people.
The soldiers conclude that they are individu
ally to take whatever subsistence tbey can
lay hands upon, and disregard all the rights
ot private citizens.
I find no fruit with this policy of the gov'
ernment toward the rebels. Their temper is
most evidently not of the kind to be influenc
ed by kindness. Justice always allow that
protection should go no farther than allegi
ance and policy now requires it. The most
effectual way of dealing with the rebels is to
make them feel that deot ruction and poverty
awaits them if they continue their rebellion.
I have seen no man yet who had been con
verted by the clemency of the government,
and I have seeu many whose heavy losses
had made them repent their participation in
the cause of the confederates. The slight
sacrifices of a mild kind of warfare they are
v. iliiug toeudure; but such heavy losses ah
the new system involves ii too much for then
patriotism. But if this policy is to be pursued it must
be regulated better than it has been thus far.
Unless the di.-ciplina of the army is to be de
stroyed, and the morals of the men corrupted,
stricter order? against private plundering must
he enforced. Otherwise hi faiiiiii to protect
the rebels, we shall fail to protect ourselves.
Latee. Gen. Pope has issued anoth
er General Order, explaining kis former
General Order commonly known as tke
Stealing License. Private soldiers are
not to take wkatever comes in tkeir way
kut property and provisions needed
must be taken tkrougk the Quarter Mas
ter. This power of taking tkrougk tke
Quarter Master always existed but it was
notorious tkat no adequate supply could
be tkus kad. If soldiers arc to be re
strained tkero must bo guards as before
for police purpo.-es which some have
chosen to denounce as guarding Rebel
Defects in our Army.
The defense of Col. Turchin on his
recent trial before a Court Martial at
Iluntsville, speaks, incidentally, of two
defects in our army, which deserve to ke
made known and considered ky tke pub
lie as tkey can only be cured ky action
of Congress, if proper to be cured.
The first is this: the European Armies
have a corps of officers specially prepar
ed, wko constitute tke EUU Major. Tkeir
duty is to locate troops in cantonments
and camps, to collect all statistical in
formation flout tke enemy's. country and
roads ; to guide troops on the march ; to
find camping ground, aud dispose troops
in camps near the enemy ; to find posi
tions and to lead troops to the position
and post them ; to reconnoitre the ground
in front of camps and positions. For
the lack of a special corps charged witk
tkese duties and otkers of a kindred na
ture tke equivalent duties in our armies
are distributed among otker officers. We
tkus find tkat Gen. McCook was seeking
ing a place for kis camp wken ke met
kis deatk not a proper duty for a Bick
general and kis death may in part be
attributed to a defective organization of
tke army itself.
. lie also specifies anotker defect : tke
lack of an army police for tke summary
trial of offenders, and to take ckarge of
tkem, wkick strikes us as very important
and wortky of immediate correction tke
preseut mode of Court Martial operating
to produce delay, and delay is often an
exemption from all puniskment.
Tke most important suggestion ke
makes is witk regard to captures made ky
tke army, Tke rules and articles of war
provide tkat all public stores taken in
tke enemy's towns and fortifications,
wkctker of artillery, ammunition, clotk
ing, forage or provisions, skall be secur
ed for tke service of the United States,
for the neglect of which the commanding
officer is to be responsible. This rule is
taken from the British army, kut one
part of the British practice we have not
adopted, and that is: by Proclamation,
the government pays to the army, the
money value of all property taken. This
wsuld ke a just and a wise rule. By
making tke wkole army partakers of a
Common fund arising from Captures,
every man would ke intevested in secur
ing to tkat fund ail captured property
wkereas tke present practice leads to in
dividual pillage and secretion.
Tkeauggestions of Colonel Turckinare
none tke le3S worthy coming from an offic
er under trial ; and if brought before
Congress, -the present rule would perkaps
be found wortky of modification.
Mr. Wm. LT. West is a tall man, and
wken ke uncoils and protrudes upward
ke will be clearly visible to tke speaker
and apt to get tke floor.
He is not a kandsome man ky any
means, but ke is perkaps as good-lookiDg
as Ben. Stanton or General Butler.
He is not a graceful man and not very
clean looking. So muck is certain.
The proxy delegates to the Printers'
meeting at Piqua may know all about it,
but the people of the District know
nothing about Mr. West's opinions, ex
cept that he " will not hesitate to use all
the means which the God of Nature and
the God Battles shall put in kis power to
crusk out tkia great Rebellion." Tkis
reference to tke God of nature is after
tke manner of Mr. Jefferson, not remark
able for piety, and tke God of Battles af
ter tke manner of Jeff Davis, and not
in accordance witk ortkodox ckristian
speecks. But tkis raightbe waived if we
only knew what was meant by " using all
tho means." For instance, is he in favor
of buying four millions of slaves at a fair
value say a round sum of two thousand
millions of dollars and give a check on
posterity, for tho amount waiving pro
tect, andke epiug the claim good with
one hundred and twenty millions of Dol
lars annual interest?
Is he in favor of cleaning out South
America and opening a negro boarding
house iu and about that continent, to re
ceive, nourish and protect these four
millions of " loyal fellow citizens" bar
gained, sold and delivered for the good
of mankind ?
Or if ke skall tkink it will cost too
muck to buy four millions at an apprais
ed value, would ke favor tke plan of de
claring tkem free as " a military necessi
ty," and then maintain an army in every
Soutkern State to keep tkem free ?
Would ke agree to let tkem out, by
equal distribution among tke Nortkern
States, and compel every townskip to
take and keep its pro rata share ? These
are big questions, wkick may kave all
beeu talked over between Mr. West and
tke printcs, and tke Court House, but
the people will need some talk as well
as tickets, that they may seem to undcr-
stand wkat they are- expeeted to do.
The people mean well and they will all
go right if you send round the manager!
and give 'em the hirt.
An Experimental Offer.
TriE Cincinati Gazette's confidential
man at Washington says, tkat if Mr.
Ckase eould be sure of being elected next
winter, to the Senate of tke United States,
ke weald resign kis present place in a
week ! Wko can answer and give com
fort to tke anxious and expectant man?
TO THE PEOPLE OF OHIO.
AN APPEAL from THE ARMY.
Camp of the 26lb Onio Regimkmt, )
jSTear Dkciiked, Tens., Aug. 3, 1862. J
Send us men. From our distant camp in
the heart of the enemy's country, we eend
you an earnest appeal for men, to fill up our
more than decimated ranks. One year ago
to-d:.i this Regiment one of the earliest rais
ed for tho war, first set foot on hostile soil
in all the pride of its strength a full regiment
of one thousand and eleven men. To-day, we
muster as shown by the morning report, 602,
present for duty. One hundred and eighty
fice have been lost outright, by death, desert
ion, resignation and discharge ; forty three
are sick in camp (none severely, however) and
one hundred and eighty-one are absent. Some
of these absent on duty ; a few absent with
out authority ; but the great majority from
disabilities resulting from toil, exposure and
the thousand casualties incident to an active
campaign. Our present effective strength is
hardly two-thirds of what it was and should
be. A year's service in the mountains of
Western Virginia, the wintry climate of Ken
tucky, and the sultry plains of the South,
have left us only a hardy remnant of some
600 men strong and healthy it is true, in
ured to hardships and hardened for almost
any service, but sadly diminished in nua.ber.
Many of our absent will, of course, be able to
return ; and it is confidently hoped tint when
such calls are making for men in the field,
none who are able will hesitate to return ; but
counting all, whose return it would be safe to
rely on, we wilt still need at least 250 men, to
fill up our regiment Men of Ohio! Shall
we not have them ?
Twenty or twenty five men from each of
the ten counties, or localities in which the
companies were raised, will give us a full regi
ment; and so large will be the majority of
drilled men it will still be an old and discip
lined regiment, ready for immediate service.
The companies of the regiment are from But
ler, Ross, Delaware, Morrrow, Morgan, Rich
land, Guernsey, Mahoning, Champaign, Har
din, Scioto and Madison, counties Surely, in
each of these counties, there are young men
who have friends in this regiment, and who
would prefer entering the service in the same
company with them. They will find many
advantages in so doing. From their comrades
who have already been learning a year in the
valuable schools of active service they may
derive much valuable support, assistance aud
instruction ; and will learn the art of war
much faster, and more easily, than by them
selves. They will be under one of the most
gallant and experienced officers in the rervice
Col. Edward P. Fyffe, while the subordi
nate officers aud men, have also that degree
of experience, which will enable them to
avoid many of the evils inevitable in newly
raised regiments under inexperienced officers.
Finally and this is the most important
consideration the old regiments should be
filled up first. They are in the field and want
the men now. The new regiments will be
relied on and needed as reserves, after they
have had time for organization : but the old
ones need immediate re-cnlorcement. Come
on then and join your comrades in ti e field.
Not a day should be lost, for every day is
precious. One officer of our Regiment Capt.
Wm. II. Squires may be found or addressed
for a few days at London, Madison county,
Ohio, authorized to receive recruits for the
regiment ; and non-commissioned officers from
each of our companies, will soon be in each
county ; while officers of the general recruit
ing service, are ordered to receive you for any
company aud regiment you desire. There is
no difficulty about the mode of joining us.
Come on and join us. We have no bounties
to offer beyond what the Government gives
to every soldier. We received none ourselves,
and have nothing to promise you but a soldier's
welcome, and the rewards of our honorable
service. The generous efforts making at home,
will provide for your families. Come and join
us ; and we promise you, that under the ban
ners of "the old 20th" already like the men a
little dingy from hard service you need have
no fears of lowering the reputation of Ohio.
John II. James, jr., Capt. Co. A, Butler Co.
Sam. H. Ewing, Capt. Co. B, Ross Co.
J. MeredithjCapL Co. C, Delevvare and Mor
W. H. Seaton, Capt Co. D, Richland and
James H. Ewart, Capt. Co. E, Morrow Co.
Norris T. Peatman, Capt. Co. F, Guernsey
S. C. Rook, Capt Co. G, Mahoning Co.
Nat. Potter, Lieut com'd'g Co. II, Cham
W. LT. Ross, Capt Co. L, Mahoning Co.
F.M. 'William!', Lieut, com'd'g Co. K, Mad
Gazette ami Advertiser, Chillicothe, Sentinel
ami Register, Tonngstown, Democrat and Chron
icle, London, Sentiiiel and Register, Alt Gilead,
Ilerald, Oirdinirtun, Gazette ami Standard, Dele
ware, Times, Tribune and Republican, Fortsm'th,
Shield & Banner, Democrat and Ilerald, Mans
field, Times aud jefi'crioiiian, Cambridge, Tele
graph anil True Telegraph, Hamilton, are request
ed to copy. This is the Retrimeut's only way to
recruit its officers stay with their men.
Strasge Story. A girl, six yeara old, has
just died in France, after great suffering, from
having inhaled, in smelling flowers, the eggs
of a caterpillar, which passed through her nos
trils into the interior of her head, and there
hatched out from the warmth of the human
system. The child suffered awful agonies,
and dischargod caterpillars from her nostrils
shortly before she died.
'' Mother, are fairy stories true ?"
" No, dear, not exactly."
" Are they lies mother ?"
'' No, not exactly lies either."
" I know," said little Mary, wishing to save
her favorite readers from wrong imputation.
'I know what they are they are good lies."
The number of Ohio regimeuU existing and
authorized now reaches one hundred and
WILL CONTLNCE TO BEAD
LATEST WAR NEWS!
IIIMAIIFOPJHE GLORIOUS BAHER
STARS AND STRIPES
STAND BY TH3G
UNION OF THE STATES!
in the way of
READY-MADE ELS! W!
FOR MEW AND DOTS,
No. 1 311am! Street,
F J MILT ITCEDICI KES.
Vegetable Pills, per box.
Green Mountain Ointment, per bor,
Sarsapurilhi. per bottle.
Children's raimcea. per bottle,
Eye Lotion, per bottle.
Ferer and Aunc Remedy, per box.
Health Bitters, per packac ,
Dysentery syrnn. per bottle.
Consumptrre". Balm, per bottle.
Marshalfs I'tcrine Catholl.on, per bottle,
Graefenben? Pile Remedy, per bottle,
Mauual of Health, per copy,
For sale by the city druggists; also by agents In the
principal towns in umo.
Hartford, Trumbull Co., O., March 7, '57.
fl herebr certify that I have been deaiine in the Grm
efeutwrg Medicines for the past year, and ean truly saj
that I liave met with the decided approbation of the
people like these, particularly tne pills ana catnolicon.
Thev w ill rediiv DeVform all and more than is promised
fur them. I have sold about fifty bottles of the catno
licon the past season, and I hear the best results in ev
ery case. u. juu.au., meaicai Agent.
Read what Dr. Bnshnell says of the Graefenbarg
.ueuicines. ur. I. IB a (iiivMciniiuiei.ieiisiepiHCIce,
and one of the most successful in the county (Trum
hnilt in which he resides.
"This certifies that I have need the Graefcnbercpills
and Marshall's Catholicou, sold here, by J. H. C John
son, in mv practice, to my entire satisfaction. They
Hartford. Trumbull Co.. O.. March 7, 1857.
West Bedford. Coshocton Co.. May 14. '57.
Mr. II. B. Kinsley, Sir: I have been selling the
medicines of the Oraefcnberg Company for the last ten
vears. and haw invariably found them te give great
satif ii tion; and the pills I have sold to a great many
families as regular as their tea and coffee, and with ray
trnil thev have become a euinle article. Marshall's
1 Uterine Catholicon is a medicine that has done a great
amount of arood 111 female diseases, une lady sold it
to told me that she had received more benefit from one
bottle than she did from a long course of medical treat
ment by the most skiiltul physicians, lours trulv.
Health of American Women.
Female Irregularities, weakness, uterine displace
ment. and all local uterine difficulties and constitution
al troubles of women are enti rely cured by the (J ruef en-
berg Marshall s l terine itttliolicon.
In this connection. Mies Beecher. sister of the Rer.
Henry Ward Beecher, la Letters to the People, page
129. says :
"I have nine sisters and sister-in-laws, and fourteen
female cousins, all married, and all delicate and ailing.
Amid the immense circle of my friends and acquain
tances, I cannot recall ten married ladies bom in
this centnry and country, who are perfectly healthy."
In cases, however, where the Graefenbeng Catholicon
has been used, we must say that health has rapidly ta
ken the place of disease, and ladies have become robust,
strong, vigorous, and healthy.
Mrs. Gleason. of Elmira, says: "Beautiml, indeed, is
the confiding, trusting nature of woman, but howmuch
does it need' to lie protected by a watchfulness that will
lead her in time of disease to aDDCal to a medical advi
sor of scieutilic education, moral worth and purity of
All these may be secured by addreEsing the Graeten
I am a Methodist clergyman. My heart has fairly
ached to witness the feeble health of woman as I have
traveled my circuit preaching the gospeL I thank God,
however, that I have seen alttheee diseses give way t
the Graefenberg Mcrshall's Uterine Cathahcon, wher
ever it lias beeu used. Rev. PETER SHARP, Ridg
way, Michigan. Formerly of Western Stark, Medina
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MOORK McCOMSEY, Trbana.
J. H. McINTIRE, West Liberty.
F. 9. CLASON, Bellefontaine.
A. WOLDEN, Springhilla.
JTOWARD ASSOCIATION, PHILADELPHIA.
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y letter, with a description or their condition, (age,
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on Spermatorrhoea, and other diseases of the Sexnal
Organs, and ou the NEW REMEDIES employed in the
Dispensary, sent to the affected, in sealed envelopes,
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