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"TELL THEI3 TO OBEY THE LAWS AND UPHOLD THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES."-Last Wow o, Sx.ph a. Dwoui
TJiRIBAJAL, OHIO, WEI)ISrESI3VY, OCTOBER 22, 1862.
XV. KOTTX, I . O ST"!--
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The Songs of The Union.
THE AMERICAN FLAG.
IThso freedom from her mountain height
Unfurled ber staudsrd to the air, '
Ehe tore the arur robe of might,
And set the stars of glory there !
Ehe mingled with its gorgeous dyes
The milky baldrie of the skies,
And striped its pure celestial white,
With streaking from the morning Bght ; k
Then, from his mansion in the sun,
She call ad ber eagle bearer down.
And gave Into his mighty hand
The symbol of her chosen land!
Majestic monarch of tie cloud!
Who rear'at aloft thy regal form.
To bear the tempest trumping loud,
And see the lightning lance driven.
When stride the warrior of th storm,
And rolls the thunder-drum of heaven I
Child of the snn ! to thee tia gives
To guard the banner of the free
To ward away the battle-strok
And bid iU blending shine afUs.
Like a rainbow on the cloud of rar
TLe harbinger of victory.
1 rug of h brave! thy folds shall fly,;
The sign of hope and triumph fcih !
When sj'eak the signal trumpet' tone,
A ad the long line conies gleaniuig on,
Eiw yet the life-blood, warm and wrt,
Ha dimmed the gltotenln; bayonet,
, ach aeldier's eye shell nrUtly turn
To where thy meteor glori turn.
And a hi springing steps advance.
Catch war and vengeance from the glance 1
Aud tlicu the cauaou's mostM- loud,
Keave ia wild wruiths the battle siiroui,. , .
And gory sabres rise and till.
Like shoots and flame on midnight's paBt ;
There shall thy virtor g'.aaees a-low,
And cowering foe ahail sink beneath
, Each ialiaut arm that strike below t
That lovely messenger of death 1
Tlag of the teas I on ocean' wave, '
Thy start shall glitter o'er the bravo., A
. When Death careering oa the gale, ...
' Sweeps darkly round tlio bellied eail.
And frlj-htea wave ru-J wild.'y baiij
iore the broaJiie"s retiing rack, .
Tfie ifJij wanderer of the sea ; -
Shall loos, at once to heaven aud tha
And smile to see tty rpJcnuors fly,
' la triumph o'er the closing ej-. !' f .'
' . - - - - ,
Flag of the free-haart's only home.
By angel hands to valor given 1
Thy stars have lit the welkin dome,
And all thy hue were born ia heaven t
Forever float that standard saeet !
' Wbre breathes the foe thai fulls before us,
With Freedom's soil beneath our feet,
And Freedom' banner ireainiu5 o'er us !
Our Story-Teller. PERILS IN THE AIR.
AN EXTRAORDINARY BALLOON ASCENSION, AND
WHAT CAME OF IT.
Thi last balloon asceBf ton utidcrtnkea for
oisntifio purposes was tbat of Mr. Glaisher,
which took place in England iu September.
With otUr disregard oi safety or cwmfort,
thi gentlemaa has ventured upon scientific
xpriment t higher altitudes than any
timid pron would car to be, and although
kis lt expedition c.?sr!y proved fatal to him,
be his returned safely with a remarkable
chapter of aerial experience to narrate. The
London Atheiteum justly remarks that in hi
hands the balloon is restored to ita eld rank
f philosophical ajrent Gay Luxaac ha
hown' the man of science how to ue the
balloos foraeientiSc purpose; but Hr. Glatsh
wr, by hi successive ascents, is adding largely
to oar knowledge of the higher regions of the
The September ascension was made in Mr.
Cexw eH's great halloon, and the highest point
reached wee five and three-qnarter mile.
Mr. Glaisher'a interesting narrative of thi
royage thus describes the effects of Atmos
phere at different altitudes :
- . . TH TBKZIKa rOINT I TWO MILM. J
'When we attained the hight of two miles,
At I h. 21 m., the temperature had fallen to
the freezing point ; we were three miles high
at 1 h 28 m., "with a temperature ef 18 deg;
at 1 b. 30 nx, we had reached four miles, and
the temperature was 8 deg.; in tea minutes
more we had reached the fifth mile, and the
temperature of air had passed zero, and there
read minus 2 deg.; and at this point no dew
was observed en Regnault's hygrometer,
when cooled down to minus 30 deg. Up to
this time I had taken the observations with
comfort, i had experienced do diXoulty in
breathing, whil Mr. Coxwellj in consequence
cf the necessary exertion he had to make,
tad breathed with difficulty for some time."
natsiss or sight t nra akd a quartib miles
"At 1 b. 51 m., the barometer read 1L05
IcoUes, but which requires a suotractive cor
rection of C.25 inch, as found by comparison
with Lord 'NVrottesley's tmdrad barometef
just before starting, both by his lordship and
myself which would reduce it to 10.8 inches,
or' at a high of about 5J miles. I read the
dry bulb as minus 5 deg.; in endeavoring to
read the7 wet bulb I xroold not see the column
of mercury. I rubbed my eyes, then took a
lens, and also failed. I then tried to read the
other instruments and found I could not do
so, nor could I tee the hands of the watch. I
asked Mr. Coxwell to help me, aud he said
he mut go into the rin,e, and he would when 1
he came down. I endeavored to reach some
brandy, which was lying on the table at about
the distance ef a foot from my baud, aud i
found myself unable to do so."
TOTAL LOSS OF POWER AT FIVE AND
" My sight became more dim : I looked at
the barometer and saw it between 10 aud 11
inches, and tried to record it, but I was un
able to write, I then saw it at 10 inches)
atiU decreasing fast and just noted it in my
book ; its true reading, therefore, was at this
time about Sf inche.s, implying a Light of
about 5f miles, as a change of an inch iu the
reading of the barometer at this elevation
takes place on a change of Liyht of about
2,500 feet. I felt I was losing aU power, and
endeavored to rouse myself by struggling
and shaking. I attempted to epenk, and
found I had lost the power. I attempted to
look at the barome'er sjain ; my head fell on
on side. I struggled and got it right, and
it fell on die other, and finally tell backwards.
. " My arm, which had been restiug on the
table, tell down by my side. I saw Mr. Cox
wel dimly in the ring. It became moie
miiy, and finally dark, and I sank uncon
seioiuly as in sleep; this must Lnva been
about I h. 54 ra. 1 then heard Mr. Coxwell
any, "AVhat is the temperature? Take an
obtervation ; now try." But I could neither
see, move nor speak. I then heard him speak
more empirically. " Take an observation ;
now do try." I shortly afterwards opened
wy eyes, saw the instruments and Mr. Cox
wv'l very dimly, and soon saw clearly, and
sid to Mr. Coxwell, " I ltve been iiuen.i
bin;" a-id he replied, " You hive and I near-
" I recovered quickly, and Mr. Coxwell
aid, "1 have lost the use of my hands; give
m some brandy to bathe then." Mis hands
vert urtu ' black I I ww iLe temperature
ws still Leljw zero and the LaroswU-r read
ing 11 inches, but increasing rjnickly. I re
eurned my observation at 2 h. 7 m., according
the barometer reading 11.53 inches, and the
temperature minus 2 deg. I then found that
t!e water in the vessel supplying the wet
balo thermometer, which I had by frequent
disturbances kept fro freezing, was one
jolii mass of ice. Mr. Coxwell then told nit
that while ia the ring he felt it piercing cold,
thai hoar frost was all round the neck of ti e
balloon, and ou attciejitiug te leave the ring
he found his hand froren, and he got down
how he could ; Um hit fJuiid me motioiiles,
with a. quirt r,.!.l pla id ep region oa the
oountenauce. He spJke, to uii without elici
tir j( m reply, and fuund I was itisensib'.e."
THE AERONAUT'S EXPEDIENT.
" He then said he fek insenribiii'y wf.s
coming over hiaueli ; that he beconia anxious
to opon the valve ; that his hsads failed him;
and that he srnd Hit lint hekecen his teeth, and
pulkd the valve opm unUl five lalloon toule a
turn dowHwartU. This act is quite chaisuter
istic 61 "Mr. Coxwell. I have never yet Been
him without a ready means of meeting every
difficulty s it has aiisen, with a cool self po
sessiou that has always left my miud perfect
ly easy, and given to ine every cuSdcace iu
hii julgmeut in the management of eo large
Mr. Glauber is convinced that the balloon
(coutaiaiiig only Liuiaelf aud the teronaut
Coxwell) finally reached an altitude et over
nx mile, but of this he is not positive, as his
ability to read the instruments ceased at the
hight of five aud three quarter miles. - On
tkU point he says :
" On asking Mr. Coxwell whether he bad
noticed the temperature, he said he could not,
as the fiice of die instruments were all to
wards me ; but that he had noticed that the
center of the aneroid barometer, its Wue
hand and a rope attached to the car, were in
the same straight line. If so, tlia reading
must have been between seven and eight inch-'
ei A hight of six miles and a half corres
ponds to eight inches. A delicate self-registering
minimum thermometer reads minus 12
deg.; but unfortunately I did not read it till I
was oat of the car, and I can not say that its
iudex was not disturbed."
The account of the descent is equally in
teresting. Mr". Glaisher says:
"On descending when the temperature
rose to 17 it was remarked as warm, and
at 24 it was noted as very warm. , The
temperature then gradually increased to 57
ob reaching the earth. It was remarked that
the sand was quite warm to the hand, and
steam issued from it when it was discharged.
Six pigeons were taken up. One was thrown
out at the height of three miles; it extended
us wings and dropped as a piece of paper. A
second at four miles, flew vigorously round
and round, apparently taking a great dip each
time. A third wu thrown out between four
aud five miles, and it fell downward. A
fourth was thrown out at lour miles when
we were descending ; it flow in a circle, and
shortly after alighted on the top of the bal
loon. The two remaining pigeons were brought
down to the ground one was found to bo dead,
and the other, ( a carrier,) had attached to its
ncknot, It would aot, howTer, lestve,
aud when jerked off the finger returned to
the hand. After a quarter of an hour it be
gan to peck a piece of ribband encircling ita
neck, and I then jerked it off my finger and
it flew round two or three times with vigor,
and finally towards Wolverhamtoh.'- Not one,
however, had retarded there when I left on
the afternoon of the 6th." ' '
" It would seem from this ascent lad five
miles from the earth is very nearly ' the limit of
human exislma. It is possible, as the effect
of each high ascent upon myself has been
different, that on another occasion I might be
able to go higher, and it is possible that some
persons may be able to exist with less air
and bear a greater degree of cold ; but sll I
thiuk that prudeuce would say to all, when
ever the barometer reading falls as low as
11 inches, open the valve at once; tho in
creased information to be obtained is not
commensurate with increased risk."
During the ascent Mr.' Glaisher attempted
to take a photograph of the scene below,
which he described as being very beautiful,
but the immense velocity of the balloon dur
ing the ascent rendered this impossible.
The London Times, commenting upon thu
perilous enterprise, observes:
' The asriid voyage just performed by Mr.
Coxwell and Mr. Glaisher deserves to rank
with the greatest feats of our experimental
feers, discoverers aud travelers. It is- true
these gentlemen have not brought down a
very comfortable or inspiring report of the
upper world into which they hare penetrated.
Science and poetry are unhappily rather at
variance upon the subject of the sir and the
sky. Poetry points up to the sky with glow
ing rapture as the scene of brightness and
glory, and a residence there figures as the
reward o! heroism and greatness. Everything
is happy and splendid that is connected with
the sky. But science penetrates with its ma
terial eye into these vast upper spaces, and
simply reports a great difficulty of breathing
there; that the bUod stagnates, the limbs be
come benumbed, the seases evapon'e, aud
nnture faiuts in unconsciousness The very
birds will not fly iu that very sky which is
their poetical home. The distinction U thai
peetry luoks up to the ky from below, and
science examines and feels it on a level The
sky is the emblem of poetry, the fact of sci
ence. Bjth aspects of it are eqtm'ly true,
but the puint of veivr from feich iLey are
t.ikeu is. quite different. But, thuudi our
recent exploits of the sky Jo not aid to its
brilliancy as a picture, they have luruiLe 1
one more striken end impressive scene to the
history, of science. . They have shown what
enthusiasm science can . inspire, and vliat
courage it can give. If the man, as the poet
says, had need of ' tiip!leel about Lis breast'
who first lanehed a boat into the sea, certain
ly thore had co less need of it who first float
ed in the air si.t milrs above the surface ( f
the earth." . , '
All Sorts of Good Reading.
SKr.os.ixT V B. Ware, of squadrca B,
Wisconsin Cavalry, Colenel Daniel and pri
vate M'Cabe of squadron A, were out lat
week ou a sceuting expedition i:l Arkansas,
sever! miles below Horuersville, when th?y
were suddenly pounced -upou by a squad o!
rebel. M'Cabe succeeded in escaping; l.yt
Sergeant Ware was captured and started for
the rebel camp a prisoner: 'At nitht, tle'
party stopped for rest, and Ware was ilaeed
under a guard of four men, two on duty
while the other two slept close at band. He
was deprived of all his clothing excepting
his ehirt, aad comforted with the assurance
that the ext day, ou their arrival at camp,
he hould be hung. They also informed him
that Dr. Gregory was murdered by them, and
exhibited what they purported to be the iden
tical gun which sent the fatal ball all of
which mu5t have been decidedly comforting, i
During the night one of the guards whose
duty it was to keep awake fell into a duze,
and Ware, watching for an opportunity, seis
ed two guns belonging to the sleepers, when
the only guard awake had his attention drawn ,
to something else than his regular business,
and cocking one of the guns, he aimed it at
the breast of the only wakeful guard, coolly
informing him that if he made the least alarm
death should be his portion. With his gun
thus leveled on the astonished guard, Ware
commenced backing off, which operation was
continued until he thought it safe to turn and
run, and then he made the bst possible ute
of his nude lower limbs. The time he made
for a short distance would undoubtedly have
been an honor to either Jeff Thompson or
General Price. Finding the weight of two
guns too much for him on this rapid retreat,
he broke p the poorest one against a tree.
The one he saved and brought in is the gun
that was said to have killed Dr. Gregory.
On the approach of morning Ware went into
a Louse and pressed into service a pair ef
pants. In this novel style barefooted, bare
headed and coatless he made his way through
woods and swamps for a distance of twenty
five miles, and at least arrived safely where
he was considered, lost at the camp of his
own squadron. His safe return was greeted
with many demonstrations of joy, and be
now enjoys the attention a genuine hero mer
it. This truthful narrative of Ware's adven
tures deserves circulation ia preference to the
numerous fiction not half as strange.
" I don't care much about the bugs,"
said Mr. Wormly to bis landlady, " but the
fact is, marm, I hain't got the blood to spare;
you can that yourself
Visit to the Navy-Yard.
; Br invitation of a well-known ofCcial, I
visited the Navy-Yard yesterday, and wit
nessed the trial of some newly -invented rifl
ed "cannon. The trial was of short duration,
and the jury brought in a verdict of " inno
cent of any intent to kiil," " :-:
. The first gun tried was similar to" those
used in the Revolution, except that it bad a
large touch-hole, aud. the carrage Was painted
green, instead of blue. This novel and in
genious weapon was pointed at a target about
sixty j aids distant. It didu't hit it, and as
nobody saw the ball, there was much perplexi
ty expressed. A midshipman did say that
he thought the ball must have run out of the
touch-hole ' when they loaded np for which
he was instantly expelled from the service.
Alter a long search without finding the ball,
there was some thought of summoning the
Naval Retiring Board to decide on the mat
ter, when somebody happened to look inte
the mouth of the caunon, and discovered that
the ball hadn't gone out at all. The inventor
said this would happen sometimes, especially
if you didn't put a brick over the touch-hole
when you fired the gun. The Government
was so pleased with this explanation, that it
ordered forty of the guns on the spot, at two
hundred thousand dollars apiece. The guns
to be furnished as soon as the war is ever.
The next weapon tried was Jink'a double
back-acting revolving cannon for ferry-boats.
It consists of a heavy bronze tube, revolving
on a pivot, with both ends open, and a touch
hole in the middle. While one gunner puts
a load in at one end, another puts a load
in at .the other end, and one touch-hole
serves for both. Upon applying the match,
the gun is whirled swiftly round on a pivot,
and both balls fly out in circles, causing great
slaughter ou both sides. This terrible engine
was aimed at the target with greatjacenracy ;
but as the gunner has a large family depend
ent on him for support, he refused to apply
the match. The Government was satisfied
without firing, and ordered six of fhe guns
at- a million of dollars apiece. The guns to
be furnished in time for our next war.
The last weapon mbjectod to trial was a
mountain howitEer of a new pattern. The
inventor explained that its great advantage
was, that it required no po&'der. In battle
it is placed en the top of a high mountain,
and a ball slipped loosely into it As the
enemy passes the foot of the mountain, the
iiiiter in charge tips over the howitzer, and
.Lt bill roils uowu the side of the mountain
iuto the midst of the doemed foe. - The range
of this terrible weapon depends greatly on
the height of .the mountain and the distance
to its base. The Government ordered forty
of'tliese 'mountaia bowitee'rs at a 'hundred
thousand dollars apiece; ' to be planted on the
firit mountains discovered iu tho enemy's
country. - . ..- . .. . ,-,
.TUsse ate great times for gunsmith?, my
b iy, and if you find any old cannou around
the juiik-sLopR, just send them, along.
ORPHEUS C. KERR.
War Speech on Boston Common by a Warrior.
At. a war meeting held on Boston Common
a few days ago,' a speech was make by tm
officer of the crmy of fhe Potomac, who was
in tlw recruiting service, reported na follows
by the Post :
Capt. Scaulan, of the Ninth Regiment, was
nokt. introduced. : He was received with
three cheers. lie said he was getting ready
to return to his regiment, which had been
badly cut up. What he wanted was to see
every man Uike his gun and march to-night
if ucfceary. Were they to allow their breth
ren to be slaughtered ? But he was sure they
had beaten the enemy, and was d n sure
they ceu'.d do it again. If we had had f0,000
more men that day, we would have knocked
h 11 out of them. Laughter and cheers.
Let Beacon-street and Mt. Vernon-street
pour out their men, and the mechanics would
come. But do your duty and in less than
three months we will have all the South.
The South had been called good fighters, but
it was no such thing. Willi fifty Irishmen he
could beat any hundred of them. He asked
the lawyers, the brokers, every man who
loved his country to go to the war. Let us
go and hang every d n traitor. Laughter.
He complimented General McClellan. I love
him, and so does every other soldier who has
fought under him. In order to know bisn,
put on your equipments and go and serve
under him. Had it come to this that Irish
men must come up and ask Americans to
defend their own country ? Capt Scanlaa
closed by another urgent appeal to come for
ward, and do honer to the oountry by fight
ing for it.
Reading. Of all the amusements that can
possibly be imagined for a working man, after
daily toil, cr in the intervals, there is nothing
like reading a newspaper or a book. It calls
for no bodily exertion, of which the mind has
had enough. It relieves his home of dullness
and sameness. Nay, it accompanies him to
his next day's work and gives him something
te thiuk of besides the mere mechanical drudg
ery of his every day occupation ; somethiug
he can enjoy while absent, and look forward
to with pleasure. If I were to pray for a
taste which would stand by me under every
variety of circumstances, and be a source of
happiness and cheerfullness to me through
life, and shield against its ills, however things
might go amiss, and the world frown upon
me, it would be a taste for reading. '
" If you lay your hand on me," said Bom
by, " appoint your funeral for day after to
morrow, and I will see that the corpse is
ready' ' " ' " ''
Major-General Joseph Hooker.
', This distinguished military chieftain, whose
triumphant services have raised him so high in
the admiration and confidence of his country
in this great crisis, was born in Hadley, Mass.,
in 1819, and in consequently forty -three years
of age. His parents are not living. He has
no brother. Two of his three sisters are mar
ried in Jefferson Ceunty, N. T., and the oth
er in Cincinnati. He is himself a bachelor.
He entered the army from West Point in 18
37, Second Lieutenant First Artillery and was
proi.ioted First Lieutenant in 1838. Adju
tant Military Academy in 1S41. Regimental
Adjutant, 1S41 to 1816. Throughout the
Mexican war, in all its hard conflicts, he was
well known as one of " the brave," as he is
now so well known iu this struggle. He was
brevetted Captain in 184G "for gallant con
duct in the several conflicts at Monterey on
the 21st, 22d, and 23, of September, 1846."
Brevetted Captain Staff Assistant Adjutant
General 1847, and again in the same year
brevetted Major, " for gallant and meritorious
conduct in the affair at the National Bridge.
Brevetted Lieutenant-Colonel in the same
year, also " for gallant and meritorious conduct
in the battle of Chepultepec." Th js much for
his career in the Mexican campaign.
Iu 1818 he rose in regular line ol promotion
in his regiment to a full captainacy, and in
same year vacated his regimental commission
and accepted the appointment of Assistant
Adjutant-General with rank of captain, which
position he continued to fill till in 1853, when
he resigned while on duty in California, pur
chased a tract of land, and became a fanner
in Sonoma, on the Bay of San Francisco.
From this employment, when the Government
made an appropriation for a National road con
necting California and Oregon, he was sum
moned to superintend that enterprise by Col.
Bache, of the Topographical Engineer Corps,
who was in charge of that aparopriation, and
who well understood his capacity and fidelity.
Gen. Hooker had just finished this work and
returned to California when, like Ciucinnatus,
he was literally summoned from his plough to
fight the battles of his country. At the first
reverbratien of the artillery of Fort Sumpter
upon the shores of the Pacific, he started im
mediately for the 6eld of conflict, and on his
arrival here was in May, 18G1, made Brigadier-General
of Volunteers, and placed in com
mand of the First aud Eleventh Maasachasetts,
Seond New-Hampshire and Twenty-sixth
Pennsylvania Regiments, then located atBla
densburg, and which, in their triumphant
subsequent career, have, under their noble
leader, bo fairly earned the name cf " Hooker's
Gen. Hooker was strongly solicited while
in Oregon to allow his name to be used in con
neotion with the United States Senate. He,
however, cot only declined the suggestion,
but joining hand with Senator Nesmith, can
vassed the whole State with him, and was
thus confessedly a main instrument in placing
in that body the lamented Euker, who was
his bosom friend.
In person, Gen. Hooker is very tall, erect,
compactly but not heavily built, extremely
muscular, and of great physical endurance ; of
a light complexion, a flesh, ruddy counte
nance, lull, clear mild eyes, intellectual head,
brown hair, slightly tinged with gray and
altogether, one of the most elegant and com
manding officers in his bearing and appear
ance in the army.
In social intercourse he is frank, unpretend
ing and courteous, removing embarrassment
from even the humblest personage who ap
proaches him. It is only when at the head
of his command and in the storm ot battle
that he arrays himself in the stern and lofty
aspect of the commanding, heroic military
chieftain. His transcendent career in this re
bellion is familiar to a!L He Las in the most
emphatic as well as triumphant manner, liter
ally fought his way to his present elevation.
The wonder is that he was not placed in a
different position at the opening of this re
bellion. X. T. Times.
How Ssails Maks Love. Blackwood's
Magazine, in giving an account of the differ
ent kinds of snails found in England, men
tions one that has a curious spring door inside
the opening of her shell, which she can shut
in a moment when alarmed by the approach
of a centipede, or vagrant ant both shell and
door forming a piece of spiral mechanism,
which Archimedes might have studied with
delight, had there been any conchologists in
his days. This snail, too, has a way of ma
king love, which shows it to have doubtless
been the origin of the arrows of Cupid. The
male is a pattern lover. He will spend ten
hours at a time a good dee.1 out of his short
life of seven or eight years in the most quiet
but devoted attention to the object of his
affections; caressing her occasionally with
those pretty little horns, of which no one
seems to know whether they are eyes, or ears,
or hands. They are furnished, too, with crys
taline darts, with which they shoot at each
other after preliminary coquetting!. These
curious love-weapons have been observed
sticking in the bodies of snails after such con
flicts. They are contained in a special pouch
or receptacle ready for use, and resemble) the
ancient arrows of Cupid.
An iKBTrrcTios. A boarder was Been to
pick something out of a sausage he vres eat
ing. , .
" What is it Ben ?" asked a boarder silting
" A little piece of bark, I believe," replied
" Well, old fellow, its my opinion you'd
better not bunt any longer, or yo mignt find
a growl pretty goon."
Major-General Joseph Hooker. Chief Justice Caton on the President's Poolsmation.
OTTAWAY, ILL., Sept. 25.
las followine is a correspondence between
J. O. Glover, of Ottawa, and Chief Jaetice
OTTAWA, ILL., Sept. 25.
7b J. J). Caton:
The Democratio Convention here have just
passed resolutions, by an almost unanimous
vote, condemning the president's proclamation.
(Signed) J. 0. Glovxr.
SPRINGFIELD, ILL. Sept. 25.
To J. O. Glovtr, Ottawa, IU :
I expected it I regret the proclamation as
an ill-advised measure. It is a tub thrown to
the Abolitioa whale, which may endanger the
whole ship. It cannot change the actual stat
us of one negro from what it would be with
out it It weakens the hands and lays an ad
ditional burthen on the shoulders of those who
are exerting every energy to support the
Government in this war, to uphold and re
store the Constitution and suppress tht re
bellion. May God, in Hi mercy to our bleeding
country and endangered Constitution, grant
that it may have no worse results than to
meet the disapproval of Democrats in the free
States, whose whole souls are engaged in the
prosecution of this war. They cannot be
drawn from this support They will prose
cute this war with an unlying energy, while
those who have extorted this unwise measure
from the President will be clamoring loudly
for peace by separation. Seven months hence
yeu will see these werds vindicated.
This country is ours to uphold, and this
government is ours to maintain, as much as
they are those of the President And, al
though he has done an unwise or unjustifiable
act, it will not warrant or induce us to aban
don them, but stimulate us to greater efforts
to uphold and vindicato such sacred interests.
Whatever the administration may do, this
people will defend and uphold their govern
ment and country until the Constitution shall
be re-established over the whole land.
fSiimedl J. D. Cato. "
SPRINGFIELD, ILL. Sept. 25. Sections Amendatory of the Internal Revenue or
Tni following sections ef the " Act increasv
inr, temporarily, the duties on imports, and
for other purposes" approved July 14, 18G2,
are amenditoryf the foregoing Internal Reve
nue or Tax Bill.'
" Section 25 And be it further enacted. That
the 9oih section of the act entitled ' An Act
to Provide Internal Revenue to Support the
Government and Pay Interest on the Public
Debt, approved July 1 18G2, be so amended
that no instrument, document or paper, made,
signed, or issued, prior to the 1st day ef Janu
ary, 1863, without being duly stamped, or
having thereon an adhesive stamp to deaote
the duty imposed thereon, shall for that cause
be deemed invalid and of no effect : Provi
ded, however, that no such instrument, docu
ment, or paper, shall be admitted or used as
evidence in any court until the same shall
have been duly stamped, nor until the holder
thereof shall hav proved to the satisfaotien
ol the court that he has paid to the collector
or deputy eolleotor of the district witbia whiofc
such court may be held, the sum of five dol
lars for the use, of the United State.
" Section 26 And It it further tnadtJ, That
no part of the act aforesaid, in relation to stamp
duties, shall be held to take effect before the
1st day of September, 18G2. And all of said
act, except s much thereof as relates to the
appointment of a Commissioner of Internal
Revenue, shall be had to take effeot on the
21st day of July, 1862, instead of from and af
ter its approval by the President"
GLLAimT or a Guioaoo Omcm The
Tennessee correspondent of the Detroit Free
Press recites the gallant action of a young
Chicago officer, which, in the midst of inci
dents occurring in the same quarter, involv
ing dastardly conduct, deserves especial no
tice. This letter says :
Lient Bell, of the 19lh Illinoiswith forty
men while in command of a stockade near
Pulaski, was surrounded by 400 guerrillas
in the woods and in reply to a demand for
surrender said, M I have with me forty fight
ing men, who have 4.000 rounds of ammuni
tion, and Urfy trusty guns. I have an abun
danco of rations, and when these and the
courage of my men fails them, I will think of
your proposition." He replied to their offer
to parole all officers and men, that " paroling
was about played out," and invited them to
the attack. They retired, however, and after
firing one bridge, fell back six miles to anoth
er, and laying in wait for a small train with
eighty soldiers aboard. After firing into it
and killing four and wounding seven, they
cut down the bridge behind it, and following
it to the smoldering remains of the burned
bridge, attacked it, and after a sever fight
were compelled to skedaddle, with a loss of
twenty, and on our part a loss of iiin killed
The officer here mentionod is Lieut Vin
cent Y. Bell, of Company K, of the invincible
19th 111., a son of Judge D. V. Bell, of Chica
go, who has four more sous "of the same
sort" in the amy of freedom. This ia " Bell
metal" of the right ring.
MrcGrKf was passing up the street with a
friend when he observed a dog that had been
kiged lyirg ia the gatter. Muggins paused,
gazed intently on th defunct animal and at
lassaid: " Ther is another shipwreck."
' Shipwreck ! Where ?" " There is a bark
that's lost foreTer." Eii companion growled
and passed on.
Tal Bill. No More Dancing for Him.
A soldibb whose legs had been carried
away above th knees by a cannon ball, and '
who had been long a patient in the hospital.
one dav. while sitting un in bed. asked th
"When will those) traot distributors be
"To-day," said she.
" When they come, I would Iika somethiag
to read," he added.
A eolporteur cam in th afternoon, and
made a hasty distribution of tracts, giving on
to each bed, without stopping to read the li- "
ties or sue the fitnes of the selection. Th
poor fellow who had lost his legs received a
little four-page message, and began to read
wirn errmAt Artrnaa I hlk fmrfta notiointr
the interest, stole up behind to see the sub
ject of th tract, when, to her astonishment,
she read " The evil of modern dancing."' Re
pressing her langhter, she said to th man :
" That tract is hardly suited t your condi
" Well, madam," be replied, ." to teU the
. il t 1- j : a - - - . -
kuuj, A jui mij uanuiiig uay r swui
ver." ... '
i n i . ' T ,1 . '
isrsTiHMBK r Borrrs -a.n ariieta iu ui
New York Pest, oa th oyster trad of' that '
An oystermaa works four months out of '
a . , a - i v : ,Ai . -
of ill-fortune if he fails to make th year show ,
an account of a thousand to fifteen hundred -dollars.
Some of the men make two thous
and, others five thousand dollars a rear. A
fair average is a thousand dollars a year, and .
th market in New York is so sure, that th
demand exceeds the supply; hence, th cer
tainty of the business, and hence, too, th
profit, for there is a brisk call for "extra"
oysters at the first class restaurants and hotels,
which readily pay seven dollars a thousand,
aud never less than sixUars. The oyster-,
man has the advantage, too, of small outlay
His skiffs cost him but sixty dollars, his rake
six and a half each, and the wear and tear is
trifling, while the prica he pays in the bast
season lor nis " v irgimas is only unriy cent)
a DUaueL x nere ar tnree or iour oystermen
at Fricce's Bay, wh began as laborers at two
dallara a dav. who have made fortunes, aolelr-
out of a legitimate oyster business. - -.'
mCa't Bit a CasTanxja, Est V'VTt
publish the following good iok from tn tu
ba, N. Y, Patriot:
Our friead Q. R. Chadbon, Conductor oa'
on cf th Way Freight between Horneil--ville
and Oleaa. who. bv th wav. ia on of
the best fellows in the world, though slightly ;
profane whea aroused, was sitting on day
in hotel in th former village, when th .
conversation turned unon miht&rv exemnt-
ions. Now " Chad.'' had a perfect disgust for
those who are wunpenng areuna trying to
ejeap a draft by pretended ailment. Dar-"
: .1. f.. V -H l. t c
would go like a man. " Why, Chad." said l
sue iai.Qj. a, you can gw nu o gong- yuur
teeth are poor; you can't bit a cartridge." -
" Cau't bit a cartridge, hey ? By G d, sir,
r - k P l. n.i :r T
A lilll Tour vcriiicMj eu--iiv4 y s.
eat your beef-tteah, sir, 5y i, sir, lean bit ,
t cartridge, sir." Th landlord Itad no more) '
Wao is the author of those pretty vers- .
es?" said one at a eoire lately.
M Ida Clare," replied the lady. '
I declare t" retorted the querist '
The joke was too easy to be very excellent, '
then it was just as good as one of Charles -Lamb's
that made great laughter in London,:,
once on a time. . . .
" What are you going to call your daugh .
terT" he said to Barry Corn waU."
" Adelaide," said Barry.
" Good," said Lamb" AddU head is
good very appropriate.
Lf P.hode Island not a negro has enlutd,
nor hav any provisions been made to furnish. ,
funds to defray the expenses of enlisting t
negro regiment Some negro have enroll
ed their name as willing to enlwt, bat not i
nsgro, w nndsrstand, has beeii sworn into
th service of th United States. In Mass- '
ehusetts not a negro has been enlisted, and if
n draft is made it is not probable on will b ,
ffered as a soldier. Boston Pott.
What tht all Kim. An oflcer of an -Indiana
regiment in passing through, on ot .
the streets of Norfolk, met a pretty little girl ;
of eight years and gently patted her on the
head, when the mother, who observed it from
a window, rushed to the door and bawled out
at the top of her voice, " Com rigkt straight ,
in the house, Susannah, and I will wash your '
"Am yoa there V said an Orange-man to
a Rihbonman in " grafe," being about to b '
hanged. " I always said you would coma to -be
hanged." " You'r a bar," said Pat, ' if it
were die last word I had to spake I I did not 5
come, I was brought" . j
It is said that a French genealogist ha
found that the Empre Eugenie, of Fraaoe.is ,
the tme heiress to the Urea of Mexico,"
through her Spanish acoestors, who were de
cendants of Montzuma,
A trrTLX three year-old of our acquaintance,
while playing witi a dog, discovered for th
first time that the animal had claws, whir.'
upon he ran into th honso, exclaiming with
open eyed wonder, " Oh, mother, Fido Las
got teeth in his toes 1" .
" File right !" said an officer to his com
pany. " Bedad," said an Irishman, who stood
near by, sharpening his saw, It' m own
property, and 1 11 b doiu' as I piss wid H.