Newspaper Page Text
THE NORTHERN TRIBUNE, JANUARY 7. 1882,
SATURDAY. JANUARY 7. 1882.
WHAT WAN IIINt IIKKD.
He left a loud of aiiMiracit
Iu front of a poor widow's dour,
Wlien the dwep snow, frozen and white,
Wrapped street ami square, inonntain and
That was his deed;
He did it well.
"What was his creed?
I cannot tell.
Blest "in his basket and his store,"
In sitting down and rising up.
When more he got, lie gave the more,
Withholding not the crust and cup.
He took the lead
In each good task
"What was his creed?"
I did not ask.
His charity was like the snow,
Soft white, and silken in its fall;
Not like the noisy winds that blow
From shivering trees the leaves, a pall
For Mowers and weed
"What was his creed?"
Tin' poor may know.
He tiad great faith in loaves of bread
For hungry people, young and old ;
And hope -inspiring won Is he said
To him he sheltered from the cold.
For man must feed
As well as pray.
"What was his creed?"
I can not say.
In words he did not put his trust;
In faith his words were never writ;
He loved to share his cup and crust
With any one who needed it
In time of need
A friend was lie
"What was his creed?"
He told not me.
He put his trust in heaven, and worked
Ever along witli hand and head;
And what lie gave in charity
Sweetened his sleep and daily bread.
Let us tuke heed,
For life is brief;
Adopt his creed
And give relief. Lilierator.
Michigan 'h Lumber IndiiNtr.y.
The pamphlet entitled "Michigan ami
its Resources recently issued by author
ity of the state by Frederick Morley,
Commissioner of Immigration, contains
a vast amount of valuable information
showing the magnitude and importance
of the several industries of our state
and its great resources. We propose
from time to time giving extracts from
this important work and this week give
give the following In relation to the
Before the ax of tho lumberman com
menced its work on the forest of Mich
igan, the northern part of its lower pen
insula surpassed any known region of
the same area in the richness of its
stock of timber. Interspersed with the
best varieties of pine were extensive
growths of oak, maple, beech, ash, wal
nut, cherry, whitewood, hickory and elm,
while the less valuable cedar, hemlock.
hasswoou ami tamrack grew, in some j
sections, in equal abundance. In the
upper peninsula pine existed also in
Much of the timber product of the
state has been of an exceedingly superior
quality. Its cork pine ranks among the
best of the soft woods, and commands
the highest market price. Its common
grades of white and Norway pine are of
standard value, while its harder
woods are in demand in the shipyards,
factories and cabinet shops of this and
the European continent. Two-thirds of
the best lumber sold in the markets of
New York, Philadelphia and Boston, goes
from its mills, which also supply the
heavy building demands of this and
neighboring states, especially the prai
rie states, and its exports annually to
foreign countries large shipments of
hewn oak and pine timber, staves and
THE CHUT MANUFACTTRIM. INTKKKST 01
For more than a score of years lum
bering has been the chief manufacturing
interest of Michigan, and no Ameri
can state equals it at the present time
in the extent an I value oi its lumber
product. The state has never collected
and compiled the annual statistics of
this industry, and the most trustworthy
sources of information upon the subject
are the elaborate puhlieations of jour
nalists connected with papers represent
ing that intenist. or issued ;il the cen
ters of the manufacture. But since ISii.S
the statist ii- id" the manufacture of pine
into lumber, lath and shingles have been
gathered with intelligence and thorough
ness. THE GROWTH AND MAIiXITC I)K.
The history of this great industry
COT0TS a fMriod Of 041 ly about :? years.,
In 1H.-)l the Hon. Wm. L Webber, of
Kast Saginaw, made the first estimate of j
the operations of Michigan lumbermen,
whose activity was then chielly confined
to the valley of the Saginaw river. Hs
reported the existence of 81 mills, many
of them using water-power, and placed
their entire annual product at but 108,
M),00() feet. Eighteen vears later in
1S72, it was estimated that the lumber
product of Michigan for 12 months in
cluded 2,5tfO,000 feet of oak timber, 12,
TOO.OM staves, 300,000,000 lath, 400,000.
KX) shingles, and 2,500,000,000 test of
sawed pine. The number of saw mills
in the state at that time was about 1,500,
employing more than 20,000 persons, and
representing f 25, 100,000 of capital. There
were also 200 shingle mills and 80 stave
and hoop factories with an annual pro
duct of $4,000,000 in value. In 1879 the
total amount sawed in this state reach
ed 3,1 oo.ooi 1,000 feet, and Governor Je
rome in his inaugural message estimat
ed the value of the entire timber product
of that year at $50,ooo,000. The product
of 1880 is placed on good authority at 3,
800,000,000 feet of sawed lumber and 2,
125,000,000 shingles, besides lath, staves
and long timber. An ingenious calcu
lation shows that the work of the Michi
gan mills during that year in sawed lum
ber would load a train of cars 2,375 miles
in length, each car carrying 10,000 feet
and occupying 33 feet of track, and
would build a city of handsome frame
houses capable of furnishing comfort
able homes for a million of people. The
aggregate value of the forest products
of this state already marketed is largely
in excess of $800,000,000. These totals
far outstrip those of any other timber
producing state, or of any country of
FACILITIES FOR TRANSPORTATION.
The numerous lakes, rivers and small
water-courses which form such salient
features iu the topography of Michigan
have been and are of inestimable value
to many interests, but to none more
than those of the lumbermen. They
have borne myriads of logs from the
forests along their banks to the booms
of the mills located at convenient ship
ping points, and this economical trans
portation has added millions to the
firoQts of the business and greately aided
ts remarkable developement. Within a
few years the disappearance of the valu
able pine along some of the streams and
the necessity of access to toe remoter
tracts of timber have led to the construc
tion of small logging railroads in many
portions of the lower peninsula which
possess an aggregate length of many
EFFICIENCY OF THE MILLS.
Many of the mills of the state are uu
equaled in their capacity and in the
completeness of their equipment.
THE 1 . UK AT CENTERS OF MANUFACTURE.
The distribution of the lumber manu
facture of Michigan is determined by its
rivers and railroads. Below the valleys
of the Saginaw and the Grand, little else
than a mere local trade now exists. The
Saginaw receives the waters of the
Tittabawassee, the Cass, the Flint, the
Shiawassee, the Bad, and their numerous
tributaries, draining a vast and mag
nificently timbered region. At its
mouth are the thriving towns of Bay
City und West Bay City; sixteen miles
above, and at the head of steam naviga
tion, are Saginaw and East Saginaw.
At these cities and in the flourising vil
lages between them are collected the
finest lumbering establishments in the
world, whose total yearly product sur
passes that of any other single district.
The river which brings the logs to their
booms also bears large vessels to their
docks.and they have under absolute con
trol all the advantage of cheap water
transportation. The Saginaw valley is
also connected by several tirst-class lines
with the railway system of the continent,
and with this multiplied outlet com
mands access to all the markets of the
The Lake Huron shore, including Sag
inaw Hay, counts its saw mills by the
hundred. The Au Sable and Thunder
Bay are important logging rivers of that
part of the state, and lumbering is also
extensively carried on along the Rifle,
the Au Gres, the Cheboygan, the Black,
and many smaller streams. Afpena,
lawas City, East lawas, Cheboygan,
Oscoda, Au Sable, Harrisville and Black
Riyer are important manufacturing or
The chief lumbering rivers emptying
into Lake Michigan are the Muskegon,
the Manistee, the Grand, the White and
the Fere Marquette. The Muskegon,
after draining a broad valley extending
far into the interior, expands into a
handsome lake close upon the shore of
Lake Michigan. No natural provision
could be more favorable for the hand
ling of logs and the shipment of the
sawed product, and the city of Muskegon,
located upon the south shore of the lake,
has the distinction of annually cutting
more lumber than any other single city
in the world. Manistee pnsscses a simi
lar eminence in the manufacture of
shingles. Beftton Harbor, St. Joseph,
Grand Haven, Spring Lake, Saugatuck,
Montague, Whitehall, Pentwater, Lud
ington, Frankfort, and Traverse City,
also contribute to swell the total of the
forest products of the Lake Michigan
There are many inland towns situated
upon railway lines, which, are import
aut centers of this iadustry;amongthem
are Flint, Lapeer, Evart, Big Rapids,
Cadillac, Midland and Farwell.
Lumbering is yet in its infancy in the
upper peninsula, but the value of the
sawed timber product or mat region in
1880 was $1,000,000. Saw mills are
scattered along the shores and the rail
ways of Menominee, Delta, Mackinac,
Marquette, Schoolcraft, Baraga, Hough
ton and Ontonagon counties, but the
chief centers of lumber production in
that section of the state are Menominee,
Baetnftbft, Mauistique, St. Ignace, Ford
River aud Miinuiug.
The impression that Michigan is show
ing signs of exhaustion as a timber
producing state is without adequate
foundation. Careful observers estimate
that its forests still contain 45,M)0,ooo,
000 of feet of good pine, exclusive of the
smaller growths which will become mar
ketable as the larger trees disappear.
The value of the vast quantity of other
timber covering its woodlands can only
be expressed in enormous figures. Even
for the cedar and hemlock, which are so
abundent, there is a steadily increasing
demand, while the stock of hard woods
must, in the future, prove the source of
great wealth. By some well informed
lumbermen it is believed that ultimately
the hard wood product of Michigan
will approach in yearly value the gener
ous figures that now represent the gross
earnings of the pine lumber trade. Cer
tainly the time is not far distant when
hard wood saw mills must become com
mon, and the innumerable industries in
to which such timbers enter must rapid
ly multiply. For years tocomo Michi
gan will keep its rank as the great tim
ber producing state, and this interest,
will continuo to furnish profitable in
vestments for capital, remunerative em
ployment for the laborer, and a sure
home market for the produce of the pio
Infernal Machines are nothing to the
vile decoctions which are forced on to a
suffering public, Hill's Peerless Cough
Syrup is a compound of pure and healthy
ingredients. BO cts. and $1.00. Sold by
Kenhurg & Cooper.
Miss Emily Elliott
Would announce to tho ladles of Cheboy-g-an
and vicinity that she has now on hand
a full and well selected stock of
FALL and WINTER MILLINERY,
And respectfully invited all in want of such
Roods to give her a call.
A La rye Stock of Material for Fancy
So exorbitant charges nimle. Main street,
first door south of Perrin'u drug store.
C lb. e mic m 1 s,
Perfumery, Dressing Cases and
THE PEOPLES' DRUG STORE,
f will pay cash for one hundred thousand
1 Hacked Hoops, delivered on the dock foot
of First street.
CHAS. BRAN ACK.
E. O. FITZPATRICK,
36 Vegetable Market, and store 107 (1 rand River
Ave., Detroit, Mich. , dealer ami shipper of
all kinds of Live and Dressed
P O U L T K Y .
dame of All Kinrix in it Season.
Consignments solicited. Correspondnce
drompUy answered. Ulonv2m
LAND OFFICK AT DETROIT. MICH. I
bio bet is, 1881. i
"VtO H E is hereby given that tho following
-LN named settler has tiled notice of his inten
tion to make tinal proof In support of his
claim before the County Clerk at Cheboygan,
Mich. .January list, 1882 and secure tlnal entry
thereof at the expiration of thirty days from
the date of this notice, viz: Henry M. Cole,
for the ii e 1 1 sec -0, t :tl n, r '2 w and names the
following witnesses, viz: Albert Austin. Sam
uel Sponsler, Jacob Shook, and (icorgc Frank
lin, of Indian River p. o., Mich.
Mdeott J. It ULOSS. Roister.
fSJNo other line runs T hree Thnuijrh Pas
senger Train! Dally between bksifo, lies
Moines, Council BI'ilTs, Omaha. Lincoln. St.
Joseph, Atchison, Topekn and Kansns City.
Direct connections for all points In Kansns,
Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming, Mcntnna, Ne
vada, New Mexico, Arizona, Idaho, Oregon and
The Shortest, Speediest and Most Comforta
ble Route via Hannibal to Fort Scott, Denleon,
Dallas, Houston, Austin. San Antonio, Galves
ton and all points in Texas.
The une(ualed inducements offered by this
Line to Travelers and Tourist", are as follows:
The celebrated Pullman lift-wheel) Pnlaco
Bleeping Cars, run only on this Line, C, R. &
O. Palace Drawing-Room Cars, with Horton's
Reclining Chairs. No extra charge for Heats
in Reclining Chairs. The famous C. R. & Q.
Palace Dining Car. Oorgeoua Bmoklni 'Cars
fitted With Elegant Hind-Hacked Rattan Ro
volvltuf ( hairs for the exclusive use Of flrst-
Steel Track and Superior Equipment, com
bined with their Groat Through Car Arrange
ment, makes t hi", above all others, thefavorlte
Hoiite to the South, Houth-Wcst, nnd the Far
Try It, and you will find traveling n luxury
Instead of a discomfort.
Through Tickets via this Celebrated Line
for snle at all offices in the United States and
All Information about Rates of Fare, Sleep
ing t ar Accommodations, Time Tables, Ac,
will be cheerfully given by applying to
General Passcnttor Agent, Chicago.
T. J. P TTER,
General Manager, Chicago,
Hick's Old Stand, corner of Black River Avenue and Huron Street, is the Place
to get your Horses Shod, and all kinds of Repairining
Neatly and Promptly Done.
Cant-Hooks, Peevies, Skidding Tongs and Lumbermens' Work
Done on the shortest notice Give the Star a trial.
Wm. McEACHRAN, Cheboygan.
N. B.:-A FIRST-CLASS WOOD-WORKER ALWAYS ON HAND
This firm now have the facilities for making the very
BEST LAGER BEER in Northern Michigan.
Their new Cellar is now finished, and they have the most improved means for
making the very best. Orders from abroad Solicited.
O-Ire tTllXl, 01 Txisil Order.
WHEN YOU GET TIME
Call at The
"OLD BRICK STORE,"
And Examine the Largest and Most Com
plete Stock of
Staple and Fancy Dry Goods !
Ever Brought to Northern Michigan from
A Half Hour Spent
In Examining our Stock and Prices will
Furnish you some things to think of.
We are sole agents for
E. A. Jaquith's Ladies' Fine Shoes,
And'Richardson's "ELMIRA BOOTS."
OUR LINE OF GROCERIES
Is Always Complete.
"W ETMORE & PADDOCK.
Mc ARTHUR, SMITH & CO.,
rRICKS OF THE FOLLOWING DKSCR1 FTIONS OF CO A
-AND DEALKUH IN-
C'ort, Wood, Salt, Lime
Hair, Cement, talcee
and Land Planter.
Dr. i -i i r