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NEW FIRM - : -
(SUCCESSORS TO TOST k VAN AKSIHLE,)
(3- 23 3ST IE3 ZLi
w? mow an i
Wo Carry a Full Line of
MILL MJB STEfflBOflT SUPPLIES!
Single and Double Leather Belting,
Steam Fittings, Packings,
Peavys, Pike Poles,
Cant Hooks, Babbit Metal,
Lubricating Oils, &c.
BUILDERS' MATERIAL !
Paints, White Lead, Oils, Doors, Windows,
Nails, Building Paper, Tin, Iron, and
Asbestos lloofing a specialty.
Agets for the celebrated Shermin, Williams
& Cos and Heath & Miilyan Manu
facturing Co.'s Mixed Paints.
Estimates on Tinning and rliunbing
Chcerlully Eurnishcd and All Work Guaranteed.
LUBRICATING AND ILLUMINATING OILS
AT WHOLESALE PRICES.
POST & MILLS.
BUY YOURSELF A FAEM !
Now is tho time to secure a
Small payment down and balanca on your own terms. Lands are
located in Cheboygan, Presquo Isle, Emmet, Alpena and
Montmorency Counties, and comprise some of the best
In Northern Michigan, Small payment down and balance on forms that
terms that will be more favorable to purchaser than taking a Homestead a
long distance from roads or markets. For particulars address,
Is in the field as usual, with a complete
He keeps the best assorted stock of Fancy
and Staple Groceries in Cheboygan
coumty, and makes a specialty of
DAIRY and CREAMERY BUTTER.
Also keeps constantly on hand Green
Vegetables and Fruits of every
THE NORTHERN TRIBUNE, CIIEBOGAN, MICH., JULY 2, 188.5..
t M A. J III
- 3C -A.
Carrying; th Mails la Early Days.
Tho following extract is from the seO'
cr.il Yoluoie of John B. MeUnitun "His
tory of th People of the United States"
Oa the reslguatioa of Samuel Osgood
ia 17U1, the otliee of Postmaster General
was bestowed ou 1 Iniuthy Pickering.
So Insignificant was the Dlace and
ho light the duties that officer was to
perform that Washington did not think
him worthy or a Cabinet seat. Yet there
is now no tnher department of the irov
eminent iu which the people take so
lively an intercut a9 in that orer which
the Postmaster General presides. The
number of men who care whether the
Iudiaus get their blankets and their ra
tions on the frontier, whether one or two
are stationed at Fort Dodge, whether
there is a a lleet of gunboats in the Med
iterr&uean Sea, is extremely small. But
the sue never sets without millions up
on millions of our citizens Intrustiucr to
the mail letters and postal cards money
orders and packages, iu the safe and
pewlj delivery of wbiU they are deeply
concen.ed. The growth of the postoftiee
iu the last ninety years is iudeed amaz
ing. In 17'J2 there were 264 postottiees
in the country; now there are 4D.C. ). The
yearly revenue which they yielded then
waa$25,C ). Now it is far above $15,
OOO.C.iO. More time was thun consumed
in carrying letters ninety miles than
now suffices to carry them l,c ;j. The
postage required to tiend a letter from
Mew l'ork to Savannah was precisely
eighteen timrn as great as will send one
now far beyond the Koeky Mountains,
into regions of which our ancestors had
With newspapers the Postmaster Gen
eral would have nothing to do. The
postmasters iu the towns and villages
did, indued, receive them and send them
on with the mails, but they were nader
no obligation to do so. It is, therefore a
common thing to -read in the papers
printod at towns remote from the sea
board, complaints that the Pennsylvania
packet r the New York Journal were
kept back, and civil requests to the post
masters to 1st thorn go oa. When they
did come it was
USUALLY IN SADDLE-BAGS,
and, as the riders never traveled by
night, they were several days old. From
the official postoffiee notices in the news-
paperp, it appoarn that letters which
went out front Philadelphia at 8:30 in
tho morning of Monday were expected
to reaelt New York at 2 in the afternoon
of Tuesday. Precisely the same number
of hours was spent on the road from
Philadelphia to Baltimore. Under the
confederation this space was thought
speedy enough, but times had changed.
A new government had been set op; the
bank had been established. A wild de
sire to speculate had taken hold upon
men, and in their anxietv to hear of ihe
doiug.4 of Congress and the price of
stocks in the neighboring cities, a post
that made ninety miles in twenty-four
hours and a half seemed insufferably
low. An attempt wan therefore made
to fasten the mails, and Jefferson, at the
suggestion of Washington, bad a long
conference with Pickering, The wish
of the President was that letters shonld
travel It J miles in twenty-four hours.
The plan was to have the pouches car
ried by riders in the day and by the
coaches during the night, bnt the coun
try was too poor, An attempt had, in
deed, been made in New Jersey to run
mail coaches with seats for four passen
gers, but that State laid a yearly tax of
$400 ou stages and taverns, declared the
Federal Government was no better than
an individual, and demanded payment,
la Maryland and Virginia the right to
convty passengers had been granted as
n monopoly to certain men. When there
fore, the motion was made in Congress
that all stage wagons of the postoffiee
should hsvw the right to carry passen
gers too, a cry went up that such a law
would be a violation of State rights, and
the motion was lost.
THE FIRST &UNPAY SCHOOL,
Uunktn and Msthvdlsts.
The first Sunday school of New Eng
land of which any record has come down
to us was that kept by tho Pennsylvania
Bunkers at Ephrata. It began in 1740
and ended in 1777, when the battle of
Brandywine turned the school house in
to R hospital for wounded troops, that
of Frances Asbury, in Hanover County,
Virginia, came next, but the sect of
which he was the gieat Bishop took no
action in its behalf for seven years. At
last in 1T1K), the Methodist Conference
r solved to open schools on the Sabbath
for the benefit of the children of the
poor. Three months later a convention
of Universalists met at Philadelphia,
and before breaking up, recommended
each church to establish one wherein on
Sunday children should be taught to
read, write, cipher, and sing psalms.
But something more than the votes of a
few pious gentlemen was needed to put
the schools ia operation. This the ener
gy of Br. Benjamin Rnsh sopplied. With
a liberality not common in his day he
determined to have them dependent op
en the support of no church or creed.
He went for advice to Bishop White of
the Episcopal church, and to Matthew
Carey, the printer, and to the most influ
ential of all Roman Catholics then Hy
ing in the city. They liked the plan.
A general meeting of the citizen was
called and in January, 1701, "The First
Bay or Sunday school Society,' of Phila
delphia, began to exist. Ten -dollars
paid te the Treasurer procured a life
membership. A payment of $1 entitled
the giver to be considered a member for
ene year. Many dollars were promptly
sent in, and
K THE FIRST MEETING
of the subscribers was held on the Gth
of January, 1791, at the academy of Mr.
Joseph Sharpless. on Seeond street. In
March the first non-sectarlaa Sunday
school in this eountry commenced, and
o great was the success that a second
was started in the following May. Be
fore two years had passed a third was
opened, and, as the society announced
with pleasure, more than 820 scholars
came regularly every Sabbath day. Dur
ing the same time noOothnm hart haam
taught to read and write, and had left.
oucn gooa work it was felt deserved to
no encouraged, and as the State was
spending money on mad-houses, prisons
nun mrnpiae roans, me Sunday school
society applied to the Legislature for
iwu. mu, wnen me matter came up for
ueuaie, Aioer. uauaun moved a commit
tee to inquire whether it would not be
well to have free schools throughout the
State. The committeemen took two
months to deliberate, and then brought
in a ennotts report. It was their opin
ion that a school ought to be established
at each count? town: that it eiinnM ia
supported by the arrearage-of taxes
tuuu, hbu vj a email charge; timt chil
dren who could read and write should be
admitted, and. for three years tajght
feography, history. E-iglish grammar,
and the elements of mathematics. But
me yuauers stood ot manfully agaiust
the scheme and it failed.
OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS. "
Policy of the Cleveland AdmluMiraliou To
ward the Central American etate.
Washington, June 21. The Sunday
Herald to-day publishes an interview
with "a member of the government who
will have more or less to do with carry
ing out the President's vitsws" upon Cen
tral American anairs.
The Herald says that the norson inter-
viewed is of the highest official rank,
and teo good a diplomatist to say aoy-
ining inai ougni not to be told. His re
marks, ia part, were as follows: "Admir
al Jouett's last dispatechs iadieate that
there will be troable in Central America
very soon, unless something is done to
prevent it. l be matter has not come be
fore the Executive for consideration.
because there has been no occasion for
it. But I can say this much, the princi
ple enunciated by the President in his
instructions to the Secretary of the Navy
touching the occupation of Aaoinwall
and Panama will be Ptrlctly adkered to.
ine united states will net permit irre
sponsible persons in any country to en
danger the lives and property of our own
citizens sy reveiuuonary organizations
against iha local governments. To out
down Preston was made a great depar
ture rrom tae usage or the country ia
respect to diplomatic relations with oth
er nations. If a Muiiiar condition oc
curs again the same authority will be
used. It may as well be known new
that while there is no annexation
scheme intended, nor has any system of
permanent rarriroas in the troubled
States been considered, whatever the
emergency demands will be done. Be
yond that I do not wish to say, for it
would be the merest speculation. The
American Nation must maintain the
dignity of its position. That is trae
Democratic doctrine. The only thing 1
wish to state positively touching the
policy of the covernment in regard to
its foreign relations is this: It proposes
to exercise a proper influence in the af
fairs of other states wherever that in
fluence is required, that should be com
mensurate with our position amoner the
nations. Circumstances will develon
our foreign policy. It will be regulated
by tee necessities of the event and will
be guided and directed upon the highest
hnmanitarium principles and in ac
cordance with the needs of Anglo-Saxon
civilization. That is all that needs to
Whither the Army vt Hound.
From the Arkansaw Traveller.
"Yes. 1 had a conversation once with
General Forrest said a citizen of Arkan
sas in reply to a question asked by a
friend. "I had just joined the army and
knew nothing of the rigid fashions of
war. One night, after we had travelled
all day, wo stopped in the woods and
were told that we would remain there
until morning. We were all wondering
where we were going. I did not think
it was right to keep us in the dark, and
I made a remark to that effect.
' 'Why don't you go and ask Forrest?'
some one remarked.
' 'I am net acquainted with him.' I re
" 'lhat makes no difference.
" 'That so?'
" 'Not a bit. He would be 'glad to see
you. 1 weald ask him, but 1 borrowed
a couple of dollars from him the other
day and as I have not been able to repay
him l have neen keeping out of his way.
"i found Forrest sitting under a tree,
ou a camp stool closely drawn up to an
" 'Good evening,' said I.
"He looked np. searched me with his
peculiar eyes and said:
" 'What do you want?"
" 'My name is Diek Anderson.'
" 'I belong to your command. We
have been riding all day without know
ing where we were going, so I thought
I'd come around and ask you.'
" 'You are very kind,' said he.
" 'Not at all,' I replied.
" 'Now, Anderson, I do not rnind tell
ing you confidentially, but I do not want
the whole command to kuow it.'
" 'That's all right, General, I won't tell
" 'Won't say a word?'
" 'No, sir.'
" 'You must not, you know, for the
enemy might get a hold of it. Lean
over here and let me whisper to you.' I
leaned oyer nud he whispered: 'We are
going to hell.' Well, sir, I hurried away,
and I'll pledge you ray word and honor
if, by 10 o'clock the next day, I didn't
think we had already got there. That
wac the only conversation I eyer had
with General Forrest."
While money is close," wages and pri
ces low, expenses should bo cut dewn ia
every household. Economy the watch
word for mothers, head off Doctor bills,
by always keeping in the house, a bot
tle ef Br. Bosanko'n Cough and Lung
syrup. Stops a Cough instantly, reliev
es Consumption, cures Croup and paii
in the cheit in one night. It is just the
remedy for hard times, Price DO cts. and
$1.00. Samples free. Sold by Case &
DETROIT AND CLEVELAND
STEAM NAVIGATION CO.
City of Mackinac,
City of Alpena,
ALPENA, JIAKIUSVILLE, OSCODA
SAM) BEACH, POUT HUKOn!
ST. CLAIR, MARINE CITY, DETROIT.
Leaves Cheboygan going North:
THURSDAYS K.m P .f
MONDAYS ) r.on .
WEDNESDAYS f b-M A' M'
Lsaves Cheboygan going Couth .
THURSDAYS I o.pn nlirht
SATURDAYS '2ro "'ght.
WEDNESDAYS f 11
Steamers every wek day between
Detroit and Cleveland.
Through tickets to all points North
Ennt. South and West.
P. II. BORNE. Agent Cheloygnn.
C. D. WIIIK'OMR, Gei:. Phh. Ag't.
WHO IS UNACQUAINTED WITH THE GEOGRAPHY OF THIS
COUNTRV WILL (EE BY EXAMINING THIS MAP THAT THE
CHICAGO, ROCX ISLAND & PACIFIC RAILWAY
Ht rMon of lt central position and clone relation to
n princlpnl lines Kant and Went, at Initial and ter
minal point, cotiHtiluteH the inont Important mld
continontal link In that evfitem of through transpor
tation which IiivHhh and facilitate travel and traltlo
between cities of the Attnntiu and Pacille ConxtH. It
I aluo the favorite and liext route to and from point
Kant, Northeast and fcoutliciiHt, and con espolidinir
points West, Northwest and Southwest.
The Great Rock Island Route
flnaranteai Its patrons that sense of personnl seen-
ritr afforded by a Holld, thoroughly Imllnpted road
bed, smooth tracks of continuous i-teel rail, substan
tially huilt culverts and hrldKCH, rolling stock as near
perfection as human skill can make it, the safety
appliances or patent butters, platforms and air-brakes,
and that exautinif discipline which iroverna the prac
tical operation of all lis trains. Other specialties of
this route are Transfers at all connecting points In
Union Depots, and the unsurpassed comforts ai)l
luxuries of its Passenger Kiiiipmtnt.
The Fast Express Trains between CMrapo and
Pooria, Council lllulfs, Kansas t'itv, Leavenworth and
Atchison are composed of well Ventilated, finely up
tiolstered Day Coaches. Mairnlflcent Pullman Palace
Hleeperaof the latest design, and sumptuous Mninir
Cars, In which elaborately cooked meals are leisurely
eaten, lictween Chicago and KnnsasCity nml Atchison
are also run the Celebrated lUsclining' Chair Cars.
The Famous Albert Lea Route
Is the direct and favorite line between Chicago snrt
MinneapolisaudSt. Paul, where connections are mnde
Jn Union Depots for all points In the Territories and
Itritish Provinces. Over this route Fast Kxpres
Trains are run to the watering plurws, mimmrr r
orts, picturesque localities, and hunt Inn and tlshlntr
irronndspf Iowa and Minnesota. It is also the most
jleslrablo route to the rich wheat Holds and partorul
lands of interior Dakota.
Htill another Dl KKCT LINE, rla Beneea and Kan
kakee, has been opened between Cincinnati, Indian
apolis and Lafayette, and Council muffs, Kansas City.
Minneapolis and St. Paul and intermediate points.
For detailed Information see Maps and Folders,
obtainable, as well as tickets, at all principal Ticket .
Orllces in tho United States and Canada; or by ad
dressing R. R. CABLE, E. ST. JOHN,
Pres't St. Oeu'l M'sr'r, Oon'l T'kt & Pass. Art
I. S. COOPER,
MA 7 A JTH EE T,
Always on hand a very complete stoc f
PATENT MEDICINES, -
BniiiHS, Spnges, Perfumery,
Fancy and Toiiet Articles.
Imported mid Domestic Wines
and Liquors for Medical Use.
A FINE LINE OF
Odor Jewel and Dressing Cases.
CUT GLASS BOTTLES, &C.
Carefully compounded at all hours, night or
day, by a competent and skillful druggiBt.
I. S. COOPER.
THE BEST IS CHEAPEST !
W hare secured the agency of the
Racine School Furniture Co.
For the counties- of Cheboygan, Emmet,
Presque Islo and Otsego. Their
Perforated Folding and Lock Desk
Is the handiomest and most perfect School ;
Desk manufactured. To districts Iu the above
territory desiring desks we are prepared to fur
nish thein on very reasonable terms.
CALL AND SEE Is AMPLE DESK,
Or address SULLIVAN BROS., .
XWi o. Wl'l t n o i s A