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A NEWSPAPER FOR THE HOME CIRCLE: .INDEPENDENT ON1 ALL SUBJECTS.
VOL. VI. NO. 52.
EASTMAN VILLiE, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1857;
WHOLE NO. 312.
The Grand River Times.
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY EVENING.
EASTMAN & C0Vn2JiZZiJ
81,00 A YEAn.'iv Advance. Is. In addition to
tho trliovc, will bo charged for every 3 months
that payment is delayed. .
No paper discontinued until all arrearages arc
paid; except at the discretion of the publishers.
KATES OF ADVERTISING:
SlZH OF jAd VEKTIftEMETfT.
No. Squares. Column.
' "' ' 1 1 2, a- 4 i I i , f .'.I '
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Two weeks., .751150.2 2.") 3 , 32 5 7 .
Three " 882 :i 4 4 251050,7 50 8 50
One month. 1 250375 5 550 8 0 11
Two months 150,3 50 5 0 50. 7 JO U 13
Thrco 44 2 4 0 7 8 50 125013 15
Six " '3 5 7 85010 14 18 20
Nino " 4 0.8 10 U 17 22 25 ,
Ono year. 5 7 0 11 12 20 2) 30
Special Notices, flvo cents a line each insertion.
, Business Cards $3,00 per annum.
Advertisements unaccompanied with directions,
will be published until ordered out, and charged
accordingly When u postponement Is added
to an advertisement, the whole will bo charged
tho same as for the llrst Insertion.
C"" Legal advertisements at statute prices. ,i
C7" Twelve lines or, less constitute a square.
Judge of Probate for Ottawa county, Michigan.
Oflico with tho County Treasurer, Grand llnvcu.
Papers and business communications trans
mitted to the Court, through favor of 11. D.l'ost.
Holland, or left with Mr. Henry B rower, Grand
Ilaven, will receive prompt attention.
Court davs, lirst and third Mondays of each mouth.
P. O. address, Ottawa Center, Ottawa Co. Mich.
JAMES P. SCOTT, .
Clerk and Register of Ottawa county, Michigan,
and Notary Public. Grand Ilaven.
. Treasurer of Ottawa county, and Notary Public.
Sheriff of Ottawa county. Grand Ilaveo.
, Prosecuting Attorney and Circuit Court Com
missioner, for Ottawa county. Grand Haven.
Oouu ty Surveyor. P. O. Address, Kastmanvilie.
Notary Public for Ottawa Co. Eastmanville.
Attorney at Law, and Solicitor In Chancery ; also
Agent for obtaining Bounty Lands, and collect
ing claims against the United States, in connec
tion with u general agency at Washington.
Office third door. below the Washington llonsc.
Attorney and .Counselor at Law.' All business
' entrusted to me will be promptly and satisfacto
rily attended to. - llesidcnccv
Charleston Landing, Ottawa Co.,JIich.
Thysician and Surgeon. Dr. McNctt Is now
permanently located in this village, and will
attend to all calls in his profession.
Ofilco at the residence of Mr. Hiram Bean, comer
of Washington and "Water sts., Grand Haven,
; Phvsician and Surgeon. Office one door west of
J. t. Davis' Tailor shop, Washington street.
DlCLA7rU) GE RS, " 7"
Surgeon Dentist. May bo found during business
hours, at his oflico, in Dr. Shcpard's New Block,
. Monroe street. Grand llapids, Mich.
CUTLER &, WARTS, ,
Dealers in Fancy and Staplo Dry Goods, of all
- kinds, Groceries, Provisions, Crockery, Hard-
.wuro, Boots and Shoes, etc., etc. Water street,
Dealers iu Dry Goods, Groceries, Provisions,
Hardwaro Cutlery, Crockery, Boots and Shoes,
etc., etc. Corner of Washington and Water Sts..
HENRY GRIFFIN, :
. Commission Merchant and General Ag't, Dealer
. in Salt, Flour, Dry and Green Fruits, Provisions,
. Family Groceries, Drugs, Medicines, Perfumery,
etc., etc., Opposite the Washington House,
. - ' Grand Haven.
Wholesale and Betail Dealers in Hard and Hollow-Ware,
Iron, and Manufacturers of Tin and
Sheet-Iron Ware, foot of Monroe street,
C. DAVIS & CO.,
Dealers in Dry Good,' Groceries, Provisions,
Hardware, Crockery, Boots and Shoes, etc., etc.
A. L. CHUI3B,
Manfacturcr of Plows, Cultivators and Grain
Cradles, and Dealer in all kinds of Agiicnltural
Implements and Machines. Agricultural Ware
house, Canal street. Grand Bapids.
FERRY k CO.,
Manufacturers of Lumber, and Dealers fn alt
kinds of Merchandise, Provisions, Shingle Bolts,
and Shingles. : : . .
Tuos. W. Feert, ' Noah II. Fkruy.
' Whito River, Ottawa Co., Mich.
ffOPlONS & R ROT HER,
Storage, Forwarding and Commission Mer
chants General Dealers fn "nil kinds of Dry
. Good.', Groceries, Grain and Provisions, Manu
facturers nnd Dealers wholesale and retail in
all kinds of lumber. . Mill feint, Mich.
THOMAS B. WOODBUKY, PROPRIETOR.
. i LAMONT, OTTAWA COUNTY, HICIIIOAN.
ITT- Cash paid forwheat. . 1 203 tf.
OTTAWA III OX WORKS,
FERRYSBURG, OTTAWA COUNT Y.MICIl.
.WM. M.'TERTtY, Jr., Manufacturer of Sta
( tionary and Marine, high or low' pressure En
gines, Mill Gearing, Iron nnd Brass Castings.
Post Oflico address, OraiulHavcn, Mich.
1857. CUTLER & WARTS, 1857.
a DEALERS JV
General Merchandise, Pork, Flonr, Salt, Grain,
Lumber, Shingles and Lath. '.
Water street, Grand Haven, Mich. " ' ' ' ,
. Ottawa County Agricultural Society.
Address of Hon. Timothy Eastman, delivered before the
first meeting of the Ottawa County Agricultural Society,
' at Lamont, February 20A, 1856.
Ladies, Gents and Fellow Citizens:
Of all tho states of tbo great Mississippi valley, Michi
gan is highly distinguished, perhaps, I may say unequalled,
in her noblo and broadcast system of general education.
Tho generous and amnio endowments appropriated for her
Stato University, together with tho liberal provision for tho
support of her normal and common schools, arc flattering to
tho pride and highest anticipations of every patriotic citi
zen who cherishes as tho dearest object of his bosom, tho
perpetuity of our liberal institutions of government and the
continued prosperity of the republic. She too is discretely
beginning to rcalizo tho necessity of fostering agriculturo as
an important branch of that general education her new con
stitution providing for the establishment of an agricultural
school, which may bo made a branch of tho University,
with handsome support from tho proceeds of twenty-two
sections of salt spring lands, "and any lands which may
hereafter bo granted or appropriated for such purposes,"
shows' tho drift and that her motto is " to cultivate the soil
and tho mind."
Her staplo interest is and always will bo agriculture
tho very existence and well-being of a very largo majority
of her citizens will forever bo identified with tho culture of
tho soil, " and of all the occupations which man is at liberty
to follow, none adds dignity to tho human character ex
pands tho miud elevates moral sentiment infuses a reve
rence for truo devotion enlarges the sphere of human
usefulness improves the physical energies of our nature,
and insures permanence and stability to free institutions,
more than tho pursuit of agriculture." Agriculturo involves
in its pursuit an art and a science; it is tho basis, tho motive
power of all the arts, and of life too. Any effort that tends
to elevate it to its proper sphere to its relative consequence,
its true place of dignity and honor should bo regarded by
any people above an equal cflbrt toward the conquest of tho
world togiatify their military ambition, or for tho dcvelope
mentof all tho hidden Treasures in tho bowels of tho earth.
But what has been the tasto of ages gono by ? Ask the
historian for immortal names. Cyrus, Alexander, Cirsar,
Tamerlane, Napoleon, is the response, and only because they
have destroyed moro property, more cities, desolated more
lands, made moro widows and orphans, and butchered more
men than their fellows, and this has immortalized,' deified
them; ask for names, benefactors of mankind, thoso who
have studied and multiplied tho means of supporting exis
tence, who havo contrived to make two spires of grass grow
where but ono grew before, and echo answers where. The
taste of tho ago needs bo changed, it changed in somo
degree; tho peoplo must hold in roverenco thoso 'only as
great who are good, and good becauso they multiply the
means of existence, promoting tho happiness of all around
them ; and compel tho historian to hold up to everlasting in
famy, tho destroyers, oppressors and murderers of their fel
lows. People should bo taught to sco and feel their true
interest as it is, to believe that he who provides bread for the
millions; invents a labor-saving machine; which in the opera
tion doubles and quadruples the crop with tho same labor;
inculcates tho sciences with a view to benefit and advance tho
arts, and emulates the cultivation of the soil and the mind,
should be deified: in whose honor, birthdays and feasts should
bo celebrated, rather than for thoso who have destroyed and
murdered by millions.
Tho ancient Greeks had their divinities, the patrons of
their industrial arts, Ceres, Vulcan, Bacchus, et al., to whom
they paid honors by offerings and feasts, from tho fruits and
productions of their own peculiar province; this maybe somo
evidence of the high estimation in which those arts were
held by that tho most advanced, enlightened and refined
ago of tho world. Yet when wo find that such deities as
Mars, the god of war, received from them superior homage,
and that Jupiter, their father or president god, tho supre
vins animus, kept Bacchus constantly employed in making
wino for their drunken revelries, instead of attending to fruit
culture generally; and kept, Vulcan, the worker of iron,
making thunder-bolts for the purposes of destruction, instead
of allowing him to manufacture spade-blades, dung-forks
and plough-irons, evidences that like the world ever since,
they paid less deference to the patrons of their best interests,
and consequently less to thoso interests themselves, than
they did to thoso deities who flattered their passions, their
ambition and their superstition.
The eastern horizon is just now beclouded with a beligo
rent aspect, and but recently human blood and life has been
poured out like a river, tho highest efibrts of human power
havo been exerted and put forth for tho destruction of hu
manity itself, and all for a bauble; it is now hoped that the
storm is passed and that peace is about to resumo her blessed
empire again, and that without allowing tho historian a single
name for or worthy of deification in this work of human
butchery. I'eace alono brings prosperity to tho world, tho
industrial arts are then fostered,, and universal knowledge
The wonderful facilities for tho intercommunication of
tho world afforded by. tho taming of steam aud electricity,
has ushered in a new era; tho day is approximating when
tho heretofore heterogeneous and distinct races of the earth
may mingle, communicate and bo as one people ; tho exclu
sive barriers of self-conceit,' and haughty ignoranco must
give way; tho celestial. Chinaman (or pig-tail) and the lion
crested Britton: tho bigoted musselman, and tho devoted
christian, now meet, salute and acknowledge in some degree,
each as an equal; this hopeful day was first ushered in by
tho discovery of tho magnetic needle; guided by this tho
heretofore trackless ocean became at once the common hih
w'av of tho world; it gave life to the commerce of nations,
and a knowledge of peoplo beforo unknown, and despised
because unknown; mutual interests, mutual dependence,
and mutual regards of different peoplo and kindreds followed ;
tho art of printing, that sheds knowledge as rays from tho
rising sun over tho astonished millions of earth, and steam
and electricity, annihilating timo and distance, mingled all
as one"; tho effect is to correct tho opinions of mankind
relative to each other, drivo out false prejudice, and lead
tho world to seo that universal peace is its best interest, tend
ing to the diffusion of general knowledge, where tho real
advantages and improvements of ono peoplo are eoon caught
and given to all. China onco sold for gold only her then
inimitable crockery ware; no alien must put foot upon her'
' . .. i .' . t i " ; .'" ' . . .
soil except at,ono httlo point, to receive, her manufactures,
but now since tho door for; intermingling has been, opened,
tho Anglo-Saxon already excels her. in tho manufacturo( of
crockery. The greatest good can only result to the greatest
number, phen the world and the, peoplo therein, combine,
harmonize aud associate, concentrating all ts knowledge,
means, and energies to promote tho greatest good of all.
There can bo no question of tho superior advantages, of
united over individual. effort; let men associate and act to
gether wloso interests and pursuit are alike, and likO tho
well disciplined phalanx, they will overcome all obstacles to
their advancement. .
Gold was announced deeply imbedded in tho hills and
streams of our modern (and perhaps tho real) land of Ophir;
an inspiration seized and prompted all men, seemingly, to
new desires, expanded hopes, and the wildest dreams of tho
wildest ambition; associating in couplets, trios, and all num
bers,' to seek and obtain tho hidden aurcan treasures ab
juring tho quiet sweets of domestic life, the society of dearest
friends, daring distance, fatigue, savage tortures, famine, fell
disease, and almost certain death; rivers were turned and
mountains leveled and compelled to yield their, treasures to
united effort ; it evinces what may be done in a better cause,
for docs a bushel gold dug from the earth add as much to
tho true wealth of tho world as tho production'of a bushel
of potatoes ? Many a volunteer in that causo has discovered
when too lato' that it dazzles, 'glitters and allures but to
ruin. ' ' , , '
Such interests as havo called men ,in close contact; tho
learned professions, tho merchant, the mechanic, who con
gregate in populous cities, havo . long availed themselves of
tho benefits of associating of coming together, comparing
views, communicating knowledge, and learning of each oth
er where all aro benefitted by tho intellectual treasures of
each they havo flourished and taken tho lead, whereas tho
sparse agricultural community havo not till recently entered
into tho spirit of associating for the purpose of maintaining
an cqality in that respect with tho other when really'from
them are derived all tho substantial enjoyments and supports
of life, which tho others are only destined to mend, orna
ment and embellish. But union and combination in, our
ranks aro beginning to bo appreciated, notwithstanding our
habitations and labors aro isolated among the hills and dales,
upon tho banks of the rivers and over the plain; associations
aro formed, farmers flock together and tho cattlo show., the
stated fair is tho order of these times; and tho many noblo
specimens of animals; improved implements of husbandry;
tho choicest fruits and all other fino examples of tho indus
trial arts that are brought out on these occasions, are
not tho most valued results of these glorious cratherings it is
the bringing of men of similar pursuits together; to converse
with ono another; to comparo theories; their experience ;
their results and conclusions; these aro then known to all;
none arc then necessarily bound by the limited tradition of
what their fathers alonetaught them, nor aro they confined
to learn these results from their own individual experience
through a whole live-long life. Forget not then to assemble
yourselves together; tho old adago that calculation is often
better than hard work U here verified. .Beading and con
versation arb our chief avenues to knowledge, and to tho
latter have our farmers been : indebted mostly for theirs.
Since tho establishment of township libraries tho opportu
nity for instruction by reading has boen brought to every
man's door; if these aro well selected, if their book cases are
well filled with works that aro practical; that throw light
upon tho subjects that most; regards their interests nnd their
every day business pursuits; and neighborhood' associations
aro formed, to discuss, criticise and scan tho theories and do
ings of each; thereby encouraging' a spirit of reading and
investigation in all who participate, good results will follow.
Do not be so self-confident that wo" know it all ourselves,
that "wo cannot bo instructed by others in somo points al
though they may bo less stored with general or technical
knowledgo than wo aro. How ' will the traditional man
whose education has been in tho exclusive individual school
of a long ancestry, amid a nation of such all abouV him, sam
ples of whom border tho Mexican Rio Grand (and aro net
some fair specimens seen on the Michigan Rio Grand) who as
did his fathers, harness his heifers, cows or any cattlo kind by
green hide chains to a sharpened forked limb for a plough,
t ied to a stick across tho foreheads of some 2 to G of these
animals all abreast, by which establishment' tho surfaco of
tho ground designed for cultivation is scratched over and a
farm without limit or fence i3 made to produce nil tho corn
and buckwheat to keep life in four or five individuals, with
whatever wild game they may contrive to shoot during the
year. Wo repeat how will tho doings of this traditional
man comparo with our present enlightened and scientific
farmer. You find him employed in making compost heaps
of manurc,ransferring muck, lime, refuse salt, bones, eve
rything within his reach that possesses vegetable nutriment
to his exhausted grounds or to maintain tho fertility of his
already productive fields, draining his wet lands by a sys
tem of under drains from 3 to 4 feet; below tho surface,
then ploughing his lands from 2 to 3 feet in depth, getting
from 2 to 3 bountiful crops from tho same land annually in
stead of tho skeleton of ono; doing this with all tho im
proved labor saving machines and implements now in use.
I might go on to describe his smooth fields,- his fences
straight and erect, his trim barns, extensive sheds, his, water
works, his substantial cottage, attractive for its elegant but
cheap finish and its just architectural proportions, entwined,
embowered with tho honeysuckle, tho rose and tho woodbine
his fruit and flower garden all in proper trim and regular
ly and symmetrically laid out. Who of us of grey hairs aro
not strikingly scnsiblo of tho improvement of tho present
over tho past in the knowledge and mode of agricultural
pursuits; in the plough, the cultivator, tho horse Take, tho
cradle and the reaper;. in the improved breeds of animals,
horses, hogs, sheep and cattlo by crossing; rotation of crops
&C. All this evidences to us that somo persons have given
attention to these matters; they havo studied, led the way.
Yet these men tell us that wo 3'ct poko in the dark, both in
practice, and as to tho why and wherefore the rationalo of
our doings, livery practical farmer needs to know Komo
thing of science, of agricultural chemistry to enable him to
understand his art satisfactorily; it enables him: to foresee the
result of his labors, it elevates him from a statd of serfdom
and makes him lord of his own manor. Wo feed animals,
and know they receive their nourishment by tho mouth" and
digestivo organs; o wo are satisfied -that with plenty of
good eating they grow well.
You may srailo at this and think animal feeding is well
enough understood; well perhaps 60, but when we feed corn,
or a willow 6tockj do wo know how and where it cats ? Put
iho butt end of tho willow branch into a jar of clean sand
and water with pure water, it will increase pounds in weight,
and the sand may looso scarcely grains whero then does
it cat?, not by its roots alone, ast the sand is loft, and puro
water alono will not make a corn or willow .stock it. must
imbibe nutriment by its leaves and from . the atmosphere,
aud science teaches and explains tho fact; nutriment to bq
eaten by vegetibles( must bo converted to tho liquid and
gaseous stato and iii this latter stato it escapes into the air to
bo, again brought to the surfaco by the dews and rains; and
science' again hs taught us that tho richest portions of theso
gassos, theamnpnia, is largely absorbed by sulp. lime (plast.
Jaris) upon the surfaco or. in, distilled portion of the, earth,
to bo again slowly emitted as, vegetation inay. require. . For
tho right uso or mode of using. .plaster, we aro indebted to
science, and to it wo aro indebted, for our warraut for deep
tillage. To the amount of vegetablo food constantly in tho
atmosphero and to tho manuer in which it is and may bo
fixed aud infused into tho soil wo owe tho confidenco that
as deep as wo stir the ground, as deep as tho rains, tho dews,
tho air, the light is allowed to penetrate the soil, just so
deep the roots of your crop will. follow down; tho soil be
comes rich just so, deep and that .without anything at your
hands;, and again if. your grounds are kept loso deep your,
crops will not bo drowued out, for tho surfaco water will per
colate downwards, nor will tkey sutler from drouth as moist
ure will be reached deep iu the earth by tho roots, that of
the wheat and corn stalk havo been traced to the depth of
4 feet in search of nutriment and moisture. Upon a hard
subsoil with a shoal surfaco soil you will, observe your wheat
or other crop grow well at first but it stop3 and turns yellow
upon the least drouth, its roots havo found a barrier to
further extension. Ileal, light and tho' air aro essential to
healthy vegetation, tho potatoo vine will . grow in the dark
cellar, aud grass under a board, . but they lack somo of the
elements to a perfect growth. ' Scienco has lent its aid and
lighted by it man has not only learned tho elementary
components of tho vegetable republic but has systematized
its whole economy, its mouths, its process of digestion, its
food, its inhalations and its exhalations; tho man of scienco
will analyze your soil and knowing what every , kind of a
crop is composed of, what its choico food, how it should bo
cooked to suit its relish, will tell you in advance whether it
will flourish or not, can tell you for a certainty at once with
out years of this grouping in tho dark kind of trial, exactly
what your soil needs to make any particular kind of a crop
flourish on it; if any essential element is wanting, ho will
pronounce your crop a failure and predict right every time.
We aro mostly farmers hero by experiment yet and must
necessarily bo so practically for somo timo hence, our green
roots and stumps will keep us on tho surfaco yet awhile; but
tbo time will coino when wo will ncud rnoro light in theso
matters, and if we commence thus early to learn tho truq
road wo may avoid many back steps in after life, let us then
associate, reason ono with tho other, thero is light in tho
land and tho times aro just now propitious.
Among tho reasons or inducements for organizing a
County Association at this timo may bo reckoned tho very
liberal aid held out through tho beneficient providenco of our
venerable conscript legislators tho last winter; by this pro
vision a sum may be levied by law not exceeding 1-10 or
less than 1-40 of 1 mill on tho dollar of tho valuation of tjho,
county, provided it may meet with favor in tho eyes of tho
county board, and provided farther that wo will tax ourselves
to tho amount of 100 or more, to carry out tho purposes of
tho society, and will filo a certificate, verified by oath, with
the county clerk. On examination I find this provision is
an amendatory ono to a law passed in 1849, and reduces tho
allowance from 1-10 to 1-5 of a mill to tho prcscut amount,
at least 1-2 from what it was beforo this wiso and liberal,
allowance was fixed. Let us bo thankful for small favors;
and if this is tho extreme tip of the tariff wedge for tho
protection of tho farming interest, let us apply this well, and
drivo it till wo split or open a wider crack in tho public chest.
Tho peoplo may in timo think it better logic to protect nino
of tho ten than to aid tho ono with legal machinery to skia
tho nine. , : ' . ':, .
Tho interior department of our general government aro
very liberally dispensing articles of exotic as well as domestic
productions, that promises to bo of value to all portions of our
nation, Euiting the article, whether it bo grain of any kind,
seeds, roots, grasses, scions, bulbs or flowers, to, the soil and
climate appropriate for its growth and perfection. Individ
uals of our county havo already received occasional favors of
this kind, and where many articles may prove failures, somo
may bo of great value, I havo a kind of corn raised last
year, that I deem of great value. Had 49 hills planted in
May. Ears aro ycry long, cob small, and 8 rowed planted
near together it yields largely,, and I fancy it will exceed
any other kind wo havo in yield,; and then it matures ; tho
fastest, and ripens the earliest of any corn known to me.7
Shall test it fully this year. It is believed that with a county
organization, wo should , all rcceivo moro benefit frp,m' theso
favors and receive them from tho .department with, a moro
bountiful hand. ; ,;. . , . , ! 7
And let mo .hero congratulato tho peoplo of this valley
on their superior prospect for fruit growing, even boyond
thoso living farther south, in climes j cateemcd thq no plus
ultra, for its production and perfection. First then for tho
facts. I will speak only what I know. I havo had .thq
peach trco in bearing 12 seasons ;. and havo now from 15 to
20 acres. of different varieties of other fruit trees in beariug,
Bomo 15 varieties of the plum ; the nectarine, 0. or; 7 of tho
cherry, 9 or 10, of tho grape, somo twenty, kinds of pears,
and about 00 of tho apple. Only, for 3 years in ,tho 12
havo tho tenderer sorts of tho peach been curtailed from a
breakdown cropland that by lato spring posts alono; buds
of any kind have never, winter killed to my, knowledge; and
a preventive .to winter, killing is the cesideratum of thoso
south of us; if wo are 6afo from winter it is believed that our
spring frosto that hit us occasiopaily, qever as yet to cut off
our entire crop, not even of all, tho tender sorts,,will bo very
much . mollified when the country, is. cleared, off,' and that
abundant and certain' crops, will crown our, extensive fruitc
ries. Tho query may arise, is not ajl. this . accidental, , tho
seasons aro. capricious ? Go. Jnto largo experso to incumber,
your ground, tho seasons change, fruit, is cut off, and you aro
ruined ? I will take the Yankoo way; to reason; aslf ypu
to explain. , ' From 20 . to j.30? below 'zero has been noticed
in Chicago, Michigan City, Adrian, Petroit, Toledo,; ard 10?
below at Cincinnati, at various times this winter, wfcile t